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PUBLICATIONS  OF  THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  MANCHESTER 


HISTORICAL  SERIES 
No.  XII. 


The  Ejected  0/1662 

IN 

Ctimberland  &  Westmorland 


Sherratt  &  Hughes 

Publishers  to  the  Victoria  University  of  Manchester 

Manchester:  34  Cross  Street 

London:    33   Soho  Square,    W. 


Agents  for  the  United  States 

Longmans,  Green  &  Co. 

443-449  Fourth  Avenue,  New  York 


The   Ejected  of  1662 


in 


Cumberland  &  Westmorland 


Their  Predecessors  and  Successors 


B.   NIGHTINGALE,   M.A. 


VOL.   II. 


MANCHESTER 

At  the   University   Press 
1911 


^\^'-'  o, 

K^  V 


University  of  Manchester  Publications 
No.  LXII. 


IX.    THE  ST.  BEES   GROUP. 

This  group  is  by  far  the  largest  in  the  whole  series,  and 
the  area  covered  is  very  extensive.  It  includes  about 
two  thirds  of  the  west  Cumbrian  coast,  stretching  from 
the  mouth  of  the  Derwent  on  the  north  to  that  of  the 
Duddon  on  the  south ;  but  it  will  be  convenient  to  keep  it 
undivided.  It  almost  coincides  with  that  part  of  Cum- 
berland which  was  cut  away  from  the  Chester  Diocese, 
and  added  to  that  of  Carlisle,  in  1856.  In  another  respect 
it  differs  from  the  rest  of  the  area  with  which  we  are 
concerned  :  the  events  of  the  17th  Century  have  registered 
themselves  here  much  less  in  the  way  of  Sequestration 
and  Ejection  than  elsewhere.  Calamy  gives  the  name  of 
only  one  Ejected  Minister  belonging  to  this  district,  Mr. 
Halsell  of  Egremont;  and  it  will  be  shown  that  there  are 
strong  reasons  for  suspecting  that  to  be  an  error;  while 
the  Sequestrations  were  comparatively  few.  This  was  the 
most  remote  part  of  a  very  isolated  County;  and  the 
Churches  felt  but  little  the  impact  of  the  changes  which 
swept  over  the  rest  of  the  country.  For  the  most  part  the 
Ministers  went  on  continuously,  the  holders  of  livings 
adjusting  themselves  to  such  new  situations  as  the  Com- 
monwealth, the  Restoration  and  the  Uniformity  Act 
brought.  This,  also,  is  the  area  which  receives  such 
scanty  treatment  in  Nicolson  and  Burn,  the  only  County 
History  of  real  value  for  work  of  this  kind ;  and  probably 
the  reason  is  to  be  found  in  the  fact  just  named,  that  it 
was  outside  the  Carlisle  Diocese.  That  work  is  based 
largely  upon  the  Episcopal  Register  at  Carlisle :  the 
Chester  documents  seem  not  to  have  been  consulted.  It, 
therefore,  makes  no  attempt  to  tell  with  any  completeness 
the  story  of  the  Churches  in  this  area,  and,  in  particular, 
to  furnish  reliable,  Incumbent  lists.  It  will  be  evident 
that  in  the  present  work  the  members  of  this  group  have 
less  interest  for  us  than  is  the  case  with  most  others. 


I.     ST.  BEES. 

Originally  this  was  a  very  extensive  Parish  and  famous 
for  its  School,  founded  by  Archbishop  Grindal,  a  native  of 
the  district.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary  and  St. 
Bega.  The  Registers  begin  in  1538,  the  earliest  possible 
date,  and  at  that  time  they  are,  of  course,  in  Latin  in  a 
fairly  bold  hand.  The  first  volume  is  in  good  condition, 
but  the  succeeding  one,  which  takes  in  so  much  of  our 
period,  has  been  badly  disfigured  and  mutilated  by  a  fire, 
which  happened  a  few  years  ago.  Included  in  them  also 
are  the  Whitehaven  Registers  up  to  the  end  of  the  17th 
Century,  Whitehaven  being  part  of  the  St.  Bees  Parish. 
The  following  names  of  persons  who  supplied  the  cure 
have  been  obtained  from  the  Registers  and  other  sources. 

Nicholas  Luxd,  1580. 

In  the  Registers  is  the  following :  — 
1580  xxiij  die  Julij  Nicholas  lunde  Curate  St.  Bees  bur. 

The  writing  at  this  point  is  very  difficult  to  decipher,  but 
such  appears  to  be  the  name.  Eoster  gives  Henry  Lunde 
of  Cumberland  as  matriculating  at  Merton  College, 
Oxford,  Nov.  24,  1581,  at  the  age  of  19  years,  and 
graduating  B.A.  at  Queen's  College,  Feby.  11,  1584-5,^ 

William  Hardnes,  1620. 

This  was  the  year  of  his  death  as  the  Registers  witness  : 
October  xxij  1620  Wilielmus  Hardnes  Curat  St.  Bega  Sepult  fuit. 

William  Coates,  1620. 

The  Registers  give  a  baptism   "  anno  Dn  1620  p  me 
Gulielm  Coates  Curat  " ;  and  the  following  under  1629  : 
XXX  die  Julij  Henricus  filius  Willm  Coates  Curat  de  St.  bees  bapt. 

He  was  buried  August  19th,  1636. 
I.  Al.  Ox. 


St.  Bees  781 

Thomas  Hardnes,  1621. 

The  Eegisters  again  are  responsible  for  the  following  : 

1621  Ultimo  die  Octobris  Thomas  Hardnes  Clericu  Sepult  fuit. 

It  will  be  noted  that  the  dates  are  inclined  to  overlap,  and 
the  inference  is  that  there  must  have  been,  at  least,  two 
Curates  during  this  period.  jN^o  difl&culty  will  be  experi- 
enced in  relation  to  that  when  the  extensiveness  of  the 
Parish  is  remembered. 

John  Skelton,  1622. 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

1622  ix  die —  Johnes  Skelton  clericus  Sepultu  fuit. 

Foster  gives  John  Skelton  of  Cumberland  "  gent "  as 
matriculating  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  April  4,  1617, 
at  the  age  of  17  years. ^ 

Percival  Radcliffe,  1647. 

No  names  are  forthcoming  to  fill  in  the  gap  after  John 
Skelton  and  "William  Coates ;  but  the  following  interesting 
document  respecting  the  living  is  worth  insertion. 
Cumberland.  Att  &c  December  7th  Anno  Dni  1646. 

By  vertue  &c  yt  ye  yearely  sume  of  ffifty  pounds  bee  paid  out  of 
the  rents  reserved  to  ye  Bishop  of  Chester  out  of  ye  Impropriate 
Rectory  of  St.  Bees  in  the  County  of  Cumberland  to  and  for  increse 
of  ye  Maintenance  of  ye  Minister  of  the  pish  Church  of  St.  Bees 
aforesaid  the  said  pish  consisting  [of]  Two  Thousand  Comunicants 
And  ye  Ministers  psent  Maintenance  there  being  but  Twelve  pounds 
p  annu  Allowed  by  ye  Impropriator  of  the  said  Rectory  And  ye 
Sequestrators  of  ye  premisses  are  required  to  pay  the  same  accord- 
ingly Att  such  tymes  &  seasons  of  the  year  as  the  said  Rent  shall 
grow  due  and  payable.  [name  torn  away]. 2 

It  was  shortly  after  this  that  Percival   Radcliffe  was 
appointed  to  the  Cure  :  — 

St.  Bees  June  18.    1647 

Referred  Percevall  Radcliffe  Ministr  to  ye  Assembly  for  the  Cure 
of  St.  Bees  Com.  Cumbrld.  3 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Inter.  F.  1  (Record  Office). 

3.  Add.  MSS.,  Brit.  Mas.,  15671. 


782  The   Ejected   of  1662 

In  the  Commonwealtli  Survey  for  1649  we  have  the 
following :  — 

At  St  Bees  there  is  a  religious  honest  Minister,  Mr.  Chrestopher 
Eatcliffe  newly  placed  by  the  Comittee  of  that  County,  which  should 
receive  the  ffifty  pounds  but  cannot  gitt  it.  There  is  also  a  Reader 
that  hath  twelue  pounds  allowed  him  from  Sr.  Christopher  Louther.i 

"Christopher"  is  almost  certainly  a  mistake  for  "Percival." 
The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

1651  V  die  decern.  Katherin  uxor  Parcevill  Radcliffe  Cler.  Sepult 
fuit. 
Subsequently  he  was  at  Crosthwaite  in  the  account  of 
which  place  the  reader  will  find  further  information 
respecting  him  -  Francis  Radcliffe,  possibly  a  brother  or 
near  relative,  was  Head  Master  of  the  St.  Bees  Grammar 
School  during  this  time,  and  his  name  appears  several 
times  in  the  Registers. 

Peter  Smith,  1656. 

The  Registers  are  the  authority  for  this  name.  It 
represents  a  person  who  conducted  a  marriage  here  in 
1656.  It  ought  to  be  said  that  the  name  has  been  inked 
over  by  a  quite  late  hand  so  that'  the  original  is  now 
beyond  recognition.  From  what  can  be  seen,  however,  of 
the  original,  the  reading  is  open  to  suspicion.  At  any 
rate  it  cannot  be  definitely  accepted  without  confirmatory 
evidence. 

Thomas  Bolton,  B.A.,  1674. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John  of  Chester,  September 
21st,  1673,  and  Priest  by  Edward  of  Carlisle,  March  5th, 
1673.  He  appeared  and  exhibited  at  the  Bishop's  Visita- 
tion June  30th,  1674,  along  with  Francis  Radcliffe,  B.A., 
"  Ludimagister." 

RiCHAKD  Stainton,  1673. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  the  Bishop  of  Chester 
August  5th,  1671,  Priest,  December  23rd,  1673,  and 
obtained  a  faculty  to  serve  there  the  same  day.  These 
two   names    appear   thus    in   the   Church  Papers    of   the 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.,  Surveys,  vol.  ii. 

2.  Vide  p.  652  . 


St.  Bees  783 

Chester  Diocese,  and  perliaps  Stainton-  was  Curate  to 
Bolton  for  a  little  while,  the  living  eventually  passing 
into  his  hands.     He  removed  to  Barton  in  1705.^ 

Richard  Jackson,  1705 — 1738. 

He  was  instituted  August  24th,  1705  on  the  removal  of 
Stainton,  being  at  the  time  Head  Master  of  the  St.  Bees 
Grammar  School.  He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Jackson  of 
Swithindale,  Westmorland,  and  matriculated  at  Queen's 
College,  July  3rd,  1679,  at  the  age  of  19  years.  "^  So  says 
Foster,  and  he  would  appear  to  be  correct,  the  following 
being  corroborative  :  — 

On  June  5th,  1686,  Sir  John  Lowther,  writing  to  Sir 
Daniel  Fleming  about  the  Head  Mastership  of  St.  Bees 
School,  says  that  "  one  Mr.  Richard  Jackson,  a  physician 
near  Kendal,  who  left  Queen's  College  a  year  since,  would 
do  very  well,  if  no  ill  habits  be  since  contracted.  "3  A 
month  later  he  says  :  "I  think  well  of  Mr.  Jackson  on  the 
whole ;  "  and  on  April  23rd,  1687,  he  says  that  he  is 
"  doing  extraordinarily  well,"  and  that  "  the  School  has 
doubled."  On  July  24th,  1690,  Jackson  writes  to  Sir 
Daniel  Fleming  respecting  an  inscription  near  Beckermet 
"  at  the  foot  of  a  hill  called  Carnarvon  Castle."'  ^ 

In  his  early  years,  at  least,  it  would  appear  that  his 
sympathies  were  strongly  Jacobite ;    hence  the  following : 
CCLXIX.     Mr.  Richard  Jackson 
For  Seditious   Words. 
Aug.  4.    1689.     Before  Richard   Patricksan  Esq.    Mr.  John   Stevin, 

quarter-Master  in  Lt.  CoU.  Levy  son's  troope  of  dragoons  in  the  Queen's 

1.  Vide  p.  1227. 

2.  Al.  Ox.  Also  Dr.  Magrath  in  "The  Flemings  in  Oxford"  (p.  168, 
note  1).  Wm.  Jackson,  F.S.A.,  however,  thought  he  was  the  son  of 
Richard  Jackson,  for  some  time  a  distinguished  schoolmaster  at 
Bampton,  Kendal,  and  Appleby  successively,  and  who  freely  corres- 
ponded with  Sir  Daniel  Fleming  (vide  "The  Flemings,  &c.").  In  one 
of  his  letters  from  Kendal  to  Williamson,  dated  Dec.  15,  1659,  he  says 
that  he  writes  "among  the  prattle  of  boys,"  some  of  whom  he  wishes 
were  at  Queen's.  He  may  have  been  related  to  Thomas  Jackson  of 
Swithindale. 

3.  Fleming  MSS.,  H.M.C.  Twelfth  Report,  p.  200. 

4.  Ibid.,  p.  282. 


784  The    Ejected    of    1662 

regiment,  saith  that,  on  Friday,  being  in  Company  with  Mr.  Richard 
Jackson,  Schoohnaster  of  St.  Beese,  the  said  Mr.  Jackson  did 
suddenly  rise  upp  from  his  seate,  and  askte  him  who  he  was  for.  He 
replyed  he  was  for  King  William,  but  Mr.  Jackson  said  he  was  for 
King  James.  And  being  askte  by  his  ext.  if  he  knew  what  he  said, 
Mr.  Jackson  answered  he  did,  and  clapeing  his  hand  on  the  table  said 
he  woo'd  stand  by  it  soe  longe  as  he  had  a  drope  of  blood  in  his 
body.  And  he  further  said  itt  was  noe  treason  to  drinke  King  James 
health.' 

Tlie  following  testimony  to  his  fitness  and  character  for 
the  ministry  is  interesting  :  — 

These  are  to  Certifie  all  Persons  whom  it  may  concern  more 
especially  the  Right  Reverend  Father  in  God,  Nicholas  Lord  Bishop 
of  Chester  that  we  know  Mr.  Richard  Jackson  Master  of  the  Free 
Gramar  Schoole  of  St.  Bees  to  be  a  Person  of  a  pious  sober,  and 
regular  Life,  and  well  affected  to  the  presnt  Government  in  Church 
and  State  as  by  Law  Established,  In  witness  whereof  we  have  here- 
unto Set  our  Hands 

July  the  22  Lancelot  Teasdel 

1705  Rector  of  Distington 

Wm.  Pennington  Ra  :  Calvert  Rector 

Jos  :  Pennington  of  Moresby 

John  Ponsonby  Tho  :  Orfeur  Rector 

Joh  Stanley  of  Harrington 

Ant.  Patrickson  Tho  :  Robinson  Rector 

of    Egremond 
Chr.  Denton  Rector 

of  Gosford 
Ri  Stainton 

late  Curat  at  St  Bees 
Robt.  Mawsou   Rector 
of    Waberthwaite.  2 

In  1734,  in  addition  to  his  other  two  appointments,  he 
obtained  the  living  at  Barton  in  Westmorland ;  but  he 
enjoyed  it  only  a  short  time.  He  died  in  1738,  and  was 
buried  at  St.  Bees  where  a  monument,  thus  inscribed, 
perpetuates  his  memory  :  — 

Here  lies  the  body   of  the   Rev.   Mr.    Richard   Jackson,    Vicar  of 

1.  Depositions  from  York  Castle  (Surtees  Soc,   vol.   40),   p.   298. 

2.  Church  Papers,  Institutions  (Chester  Registry). 


St,  Bees  785 

Barton,  Minister  of  this  Church  33  years,  and  52  years  schoobnaster 
of  the  Free  Grammar  School  of  Saint  Bees.  He,  with  unwearied 
diligence,  uncommon  success,  and  .deserved  applause,  discharged  the 
important  duties  of  an  industrious  master,  a  faithful  pastor,  and  a 
good  Christian.  He  died  July  28th,  1738,  aged  80  years. — Memento 
Mori.^ 

An  interesting  feature  of  the  Registers  is  the  insertion 
of  the  baptisms  of  children  in  the  Dissenting  Meeting 
House  at  Whitehaven. 

1.  The  Grammar  School  of  St.  Bees,  by  Wm.  Jackson,  F.S.A.,  pp. 
28-36. 


II.     WOEKINGTON. 

The  Church  here  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael.  The 
earliest  volume  of  Registers  is  of  paper,  and  evidently  has 
been  copied  from  a  still  older  one.  On  the  first  leaf  are 
about  half  a  dozen  baptisms  from  1663  to  1670,  with  one 
burial,  that  of  Sir  Patricius  Curwen,  December  16th, 
1664;  marriages  five,  all  in  1670;  burials  seven,  in  1670. 
The  Registers,  therefore,  would  really  seem  to  begin  in  1670. 
Here  again  Nicolson  and  Burn  are  of  no  use  and  Jeffer- 
son's list  is  very  imperfect.  The  following  names  have 
been  recovered :  — 

Lawrence  Shuttleworth,  1577. 

He  was  instituted  February  16th,  1577,  on  the  death  of 
Gregory  Scott.  Foster  gives  the  following  respecting  a 
person  of  this  name,  though  he  does  not  identify  him  with 
the  Workington  Rector :  "  B.A.  from  University  Coll. 
25  Feb.  1574-5,  M.A.  6  July  1575,  B.C.L.  2  July  1578 
supd  for  licence  to  preach  14  May,  1582,  B.D.  19  Feb. 
1582-3;  incorporated  at  Cambridge  1583  (2s.  Hugh  of 
Gawthorp,  co  Durham) ;  rector  of  Kirklinton,^  Cumber- 
land, 1577,  and  of  Whichford,  co.  Warwick,  1583 ;  buried 
22  Feb.  1607-8,  said  to  have  died  unmarried."  ^ 

George  Lamplugh,  M.A.,  1594/5 — 1634. 

He  was  instituted  March  20th,  1594/5.  Foster  states 
that  he  matriculated  Queen's  Coll.  Oxford,  May  17.  1588 
at  the  age  of  18  years;  graduated  B.A.  March  15.  1591-2, 
and  M.A.  July  7.  1595;  was  Rector  of  Workington  1595 
and  of  Distington  in  1616.^  The  Lamplugh  Registers 
contain  the  following  notice  of  his  marriage :  — 

George  Lamplugh  Mr.  of  Artes  pson  CI.  of  Workington  &  Sonn  to 

francis  lamplugh   late   of  Doveaibie  esquire   and  Elizabeth   lamplugh 

1.  Not  given  by  Nicolson  and  Burn  under  Kirklinton. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Ibid. 


"Workington  787 

sister  to  John  lamplugh  of  lamplugh  esquire  married  the  xxviij  Daie 
of   Sep.  [1613]. 

He  held  the  living  in  Plurality  with  Distington.  ^ 

Lancelot  Lowther,  B.D.,  1634 — 1645. 

He  was  instituted  on  March  26th,  1634,  on  the  death  of 
Lamplugh  by  a  Presentation  from  Sir  Pat.  Curwen,  Bart., 
and  held  the  living  of  Kirkby  Thore  along  with  that  of 
Workington.  It  is  said  that  he  was  ejected  "  by  the 
Roundheads  "  from  both  livings  about  1646,  and  that  he 
was  reduced  to  great  poverty.  His  death  took  place  in 
1661  as  the  following  shows  :  ■ — 

Memorandum  that  Mr.  Lowther  once  parson  of  Workington,  died 
ye  16th  day  of  April  anno  1661,  as  my  uncle  Peter  Sanderson's  letter, 
dated  December  17th  1678,  under  his  hand,  sets  forth.  2 

The  reader,  however,  is  referred  to  Kirkby  Thore  for  a  full 
account  of  Lancelot  Lowther,  where  another  view  of  the 
matter  is  presented.  ^ 

Richard  Hutton,  M.A.,  1645. 

The  authority  for  this  will  be  found  in  the  documents 
which  almost  immediately  follow.  He  could  have 
remained  only  a  very  short  time  and  exchanged  livings 
with  Richard  Lingard  of  Caldbeck.  ^ 

Richard  Lingard,  1645^ — 1660. 

The  following  documents  refer  to  his  appointment :  — 
Workington.  July  29.   1645. 

Ordered  yt  ye  Rectory  of  Workington  in  the  County  of  Cumberland 
Sequestred  to  the  use  of  Richard  Hutton  and  by  him  left  shall  stand 
sequestred  to  the  use  of  Richard  Lingard.  Referre  the  said  Richard 
Lingard  to  the  Coittee  of  the  Assembly  to  be  exaied  for  the  said 
Church.  5 

Julij  29.  1645. 
Whereas   the   Rectory   of  the  pish  Church   of   Workington  in   the 
County  of    Cumberland    is    and    standeth   sequestred    from   Lancelot 

1.  Vide  p.  800. 

2.  Darcy  Curwen's  MS.  Journal  at  Workington  Hall ;  vide  The  Rectors 
of  Workington  (Trans.  (N.S.),  vol.  x,  p.  145). 

3.  Vide  p.  1165. 

4.  Vide  p.  550. 

5.  Add.  MSS.,  Brit.  Mus.,  15669, 


788  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Lowther  to  the  use  of  Richard  Hutton  who  is  since  nominated  and 
appointed  to  the  church  of  Coibeck  in  the  said  County.  It  is 
ordered  that  the  said  rectory  of  Workington  shall  stand  &  be  seques- 
tred  to  the  use  of  Richard  LingaM  a  godly  &  orthodox  divine  who 
is  hereby  appointed  forthwith  to  officiate  the  cure  of  the  said  Church 
as  Rector  &  preach  diligently  to  the  pishioners  there-i 

For  some  reason  or  other  Richard  Hutton  put  difficul- 
ties in  the  way  of  Lingard's  possession  as  the  following 
attests:  — 

Workington.  Martij  13.  1646. 

It  is  ordered  that  the  peticon  of  Richard  Lingard  to  whome  the 
Rectory  of  Workington  in  ye  County  of  Cumberland  is  Sequestred 
concerninge  Mr.  Button's  Keepinge  the  petr  out  of  the  sd  Rectorie  (a 
Coppie  of  wch  peticon  is  hereto  annexed)  be  referred  to  the  Cotee  of 
pliamt  for  the  sd  Countie  or  any  3  of  them  who  are  desired  to 
examine  the  whole  matter  of  fact  conteyned  in  the  sd  peticon  calling 
before  them  hearing  &  examining  pties  &  witnesses  on  both  sides 
Concerned  &  to  determine  the  same  if  they  can  or  to  Certifie  the  same 
to  this  Cotee.  2 

In  addition  to  the  documents  above  cited  we  have  the 
following :  — 

Pres. 

SAugi 
Workington  1655. 

Richard  Lingard        Know  all  &c  that  the  14th  day  of  November 

in  the  yeare  1655  There  was  exhibited  to  ye 

Rich.  Lingard  Commissionrs  &c  a  Presentation  of  Richard 

Cert,  as  aforesd      Lingard  to  ye  Rectory  of  Workington  in 

by  the  County  of  Cumberland  Made  to  him  by  Sir 

patricius  Curwen  Baronet  the  patron  thereof 

Rogr  Baldwin  of     Together  &c  In  Witnesse  &c 

Penrith  Dated  at  Whitehall  the  16th  day 

James  Cave  of        of  November  1655.  3 

Crosthwaite  " 
Geo.  Larkham  of 

Cockermouth 
Geo.  Benson 

of  Bridekirke 


L   Add.  MSS.,  Brit.  Mus.,  15669, 

2.  Bodl.  MS.,  324. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  996 


Workington  789 

This  does  not  mean,  of  course,  that  Richard  Lingard  was 
only  appointed  in  1655,  but  that  that  was  the  year  when 
he  was  approved  by  the  Commonwealth  Commissioners. 
The  following  relating  to  the  tithes  of  the  place  belongs 
to  this  period.  It  is  one  of  several  in  the  MS,  from  which 
it  is  extracted  :  — 
Workington.  Sept.  30.   1653. 

Ordered  that  Sr.  Patricius  Curwen  have  liberty  to  make  appeare 
that  the  Lease  of  Workington  in  the  County  of  Cumberland  is 
expired  and  yt  all  arreares  of  rent  thereof  are  paid  &  what  the  tithes 
of  the  said  Rectory  are  worth  [agreed]  upon  tke  Trustees  will  take 
his  peticon  into  further  Consideracon. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Wm.  Steele  Ric.  Yong  Jo.  Pocock  Wm  ffarmer.* 

William  Lampit  refers  to  E-ichard  Lingard,  whom  he 
calls  "  Luggard,"  in  terms  anything  but  complimentary, 
and  says  that  he  was  previously  Chancellor  in  Ireland. - 
What  happened  at  the  Restoration  is  not  clear;  but  it  is 
said  that  the  living  became  vacant  through  the  resigna- 
tion, forced  or  otherwise,  of  the  Parliamentary  Incumbent. 

Christopher  Matteson,  B.A.,  1662 — 1678. 

He  was  at  Wetheral  and  Warwick  from  about  1653  to 
1660,  whence  he  removed  to  Distington  and  from  thence 
to  Workington.^  His  removal  from  Wetheral  in  1660  is 
suggestive.  He  was  a  Commonwealth  appointment,  and 
probably  here  is  another  case  of  a  man  conforming  to  the 
new  requirements,  who  found  it  necessary  to  change  his 
sphere  of  labour.  At  the  Bishop's  Visitation,  June  30th, 
1674,  it  is  related  that  "  my  Lord  was  pleased  to  be 
satisfyed  abt  his  orders  because  he  has  not  been  at  home 

since  the  came  out."     He  died  at  Workington  in 

1678  and  the  burial  entries  of  himself,  and  probably  wife, 
are  given  in  the  Registers  thus  :  — 

Byryalls  Anno  1678 
Mr.  Christop.  Matteson  Rect.  of  Workington  buryed  Septembr  II. 

Buryalk  1705, 

Mrs  Isabella  Matteson  of  Workington  buryed  ffeb.  26. 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1005. 

2.  Vide  p.  623. 

3.  Vide  pp.  213,  795. 


790  The   Ejected   of  1662 

John  Bolton,  1679—1724. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Edward  of  Carlisle,  Sept. 
21st,  1673;  Priest  by  the  same,  Sept.  15tb,  1674;  and 
exhibited  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  in  1691  "  Ires  ex  aula 
St.  Alban,  Oxon."  He  was  instituted  August  20th,  1679, 
on  a  Presentation  by  Henry  Craven  "Arm.,"  the  vacancy 
being  caused  by  the  death  of  Matteson ;  and  his  Induction 
took  place  on  the  23rd  of  that  month.  The  following 
entries  appear  in  the  Registers,  but  whether  they  all  relate 
to  his  family  is  jiot  certain.  Probably  they  do,  and  are 
merely  to  be  regarded  as  a  birth  record,  without  suggest- 
ing that  he  was  resident  at  Workington  all  the  time  :  — 

Grace  Bolton  born  October  ye  6th  1674. 

Jane  Bolton  March  ye  8th  1676-7. 

Jo.  Bolton  July  ye  23rd  1679. 
Christnings  1687. 

The.  Bolton  Son  of  John  Bolton  Rectr  of  Workington  bapd  May  5. 

His  own  burial  entry  is  as  follows :  — 

1724  John  Bolton  Rectr  of  Workington  buried  Nov.   24.   44  years 
Rectr  there  aged  74  years. 

Possibly  this  is  the  person  who  was  at  Bridekirk  as  Curate 
in  1674.1 

Robert  Loxham,  M.A.,  1724—1726. 

He  was  instituted  December  3rd,  1724,  on  the  death  of 
Bolton,  and  was  previously  at  Whitehaven.^  He  was  the 
son  of  Edward  Loxham  of  Kirkham ;  matriculated  Trinity 
College,  Oxford,  April  16th,  1709,  at  the  age  of  18  years ; 
graduated  B.A.  in  1712  and  M.A.  in  1715.  Leaving 
Workington  in  1726  he  was  appointed  to  the  living  of 
Poulton-le-Fylde,  Lancashire,  resigning  in  1749.  He  was 
however,  immediately  reinstituted,  and  retained  that 
living  until  his  death,  which  occurred  on  June  13th,  1770, 
at  the  age  of  80  years.  He  was  buried  at  Kirkham,  and 
in  the  graveyard  there  is  a  tombstone  to  his  memory. ^ 

1.  Vide  p.  721. 

2.  Vide  p.  814. 

3.  Al^  Ox. ;  Baines'g  Hist,  of  Lane.  (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v.  p.  400. 


III.     HAREINGTON. 

On  the  coast  a  couple  of  miles  south  of  Workington  is 
Harrington.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary;  the 
earliest  Register  Book  is  in  parchment.  The  writing  is 
clear,  but  the  edges  are  slightly  eaten  away.  In  reference 
to  it  we  have  the  following  :  — 

Memo.     From  the  year  1658  to  the  year  1671  no  regular  Entry  of 
either  Births,  Marriages  or  Deaths. 

This   Register   was   cleaned   and  bound    in   the   year   1835  at  the 
expense  of  the  Revd.  John  Curwen  Rector. 

It  begins  with  baptisms  in  1653.  Nicolson  and  Burn 
again  give  no  help  with  the  Incumbents  and  Jefferson's 
list  is  very  defective.  The  following  names  have  been 
obtained  :  — 

Michael  Johnsojt,  1581 — 1613. 

He  was  instituted  July  21,  1581,  the  vacancy  being 
caused  by  the  resignation  of  "  Sir  Jacobus  Sayre.^ 

John  Hudson,  1613. 

He  was  instituted  September  27th,  1613,  on  the  death  of 
Michael  Johnson.  Foster  gives  John  Hudson  son  of  John 
Hudson  of  Harrington  "  sacerd,"  who  matriculated  at 
Queen's  College,  Nov.  4,  1631,  at  the  age  of  18  years, 
graduating  B.A.  from  Pembroke  College,  June  2,  1635. 
From  this  it  may  be  assumed  that  John  Hudson  was  at 
Harrington  in  1631.  Certainly  we  know  that  he  was  here 
on  December  10th,  1627 ;  for  that  is  the  date  of  a  letter, 
signed  by  him  as  "  Parson  of  Harrington,"  in  which  he 
complains  to  the  Provost  of  Queen's  College  about  the 
state  of  St.  Bees  School.^  How  long  he  held  the  living  is 
not   known.       Jefferson    simply   has    "  Hudson    occurs    c. 

1.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  The  St.  Bees  Grammar  School  (Jackson),  p.  23. 


t 


792  The   Ejected    of   1662 

1642."  ^  The  Hudsons  were  numerous  about  Cumberland 
and  Westmorland;  and  many  of  tbem  held  livings  in 
different  parts  of  the  two  Counties. 

George  Egberts,  M.A.,  1654. 

That   he    was    here    at    this    date    is    clear    from  the 
following :  — 

Harrington  Rectory         Know  all  &c  the  loth  day  of  June  in  the  yeare 
George  Roberts  1654    There   was    exhibited   &c    a   presentation    of 

May  1654  George    Roberts    Gierke    Master    of    Arts    to    the 

Rectory  of  Harrington  in  the  County  of  Cumber- 
land Made  to  him  by  Sir  Patricius  Curwen  Knt. 
the  patron  thereof  Together  &c  the  said  George 
Roberts  of  his  holy  &c  Approved  the  said  George 


Geo.  Roberts 
Cert  as  aforesd 

by 

Hn  (?)  Robarts  of         j^oberts  &c  admit  the  said  George  Roberts  to  the 
Rectory  of  Harrington  aforesaid  &c  and  Incumbent 
&c   In  witnes   &c 
Dated  at  Whitehall  the  16th  day  of  June  1654.  2 


Wandsworth 
Sam.    Kinde   of 

Richmond 
Chr.  flBower  of 

London 

Wm.  Short 

John  Hall 

John  Thorpe 

Edward   ffarly 

John  Antell. 

A  son  baptized  in  1654  received  the  name  of  "  Patricius," 
doubtless  in  honour  of  his  Patron.     He  held  the  Curacy  of 
Camerton  as  well 3     The  following  Petition  of  the  widow 
of  George  Roberts,  in  1660,  tells  its  own  story:  — 
Eleanor  Roberts  Peticon    To  the  King's  Most  Excellent  Matie. 

The   humble  Peticon   of   Eleanor   Roberts   Widdow   and   Relict   of 
George  Roberts  late  Rector  of  Harington  in  the  County  of  Cumber- 
land 
Humbly  Sheweth 

That  yor  petrs  said  deceased  Husband  comeing  lately  from 
Harrington  aforesaid  for  preferment ;  fell  sick  by  the  way ;  whereof 
hee  Dyed  at  Yorke ;  Leaveing  yor  Petr  with  6  Small  Children  in  a 
very  sad  &  deplorable  Condicon  destitute  of  all  meanes  of  Subsistence 
The  truth  whereof  with  her  Husband's  piety  &  Constant  Loyalty  is 
well  knowne  to  and  Certified  by  the  Most  Reverend  Fathers  in  God 
the  Lords  Bishopps  of  London  and  Winchester 

1.  Allerdale  above  Derwent,  p.   10. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  997. 

3.  Vide  p.  759. 


Harrington  793 

In  tender  Consideracon  whereof ;  Shee  most  humbly  Beseeches  yor 
'Sacred  Matie  to  graunt  yor  Eoyall  Letter  to  the  Governrs  of  Suttons 
Hospitall  London  To  admitt  her  Eldest  Sonne  George  Roberts  about 
a  11  yeares  of  Age  into  the  said  Hospitall. 

And  as  in  duty  bound  Shee  shall  ever  pray  &c.  l 

In  1660  Sir  Patricius  Curwen  writes  to  Williamson 
requesting  Mm  to  suggest  some  Oxford  man  for  the  living. 
"The  letter  reads  thus  :  — 

Sr. 

When  I  have  given  you  my  manie  thankes  for  your  late  ayBillityes 
and  tentered  my  acknowledgmts  for  yor  unmerited  favours,  bee 
pleased  to  afforde  me  yor  pardon  if  my  prsmnption  leade  me  to  an 
addition  of  yor  further  trouble.  Alt  my  returne  home  Sr  I  found 
Mr.  George  Robarts  late  Rector  of  Harrington  (whom  I  thinke  you 
knew)  Removed  from  thence  and  gonn  Southwards,  It  seemes  to  a 
better  liveing  provided  for  him,  by  his  freinds  in  the  South,  It  may 
be  you  have  heard  that  my  caryage  to  hime  whilst  att  Harrington, 
might  have  deserved  a  faier  wameinge  and  tyme  to  have  provided 
another  for  that  place  (it  beinge  in  my  gift  to  despose  of)  wch  I 
migSt  have  donn  by  yor  good  assistance  whilst  I  was  att  London, 
Butt  it  pleased  him  to  give  me  noe  notice  att  all  of  his  intentions, 
soe  yt  I  am  att  a  loss  for  the  p'rsent,  the  country  heer  beinge  butt 
meanely  provided  of  good  ministers,  or  indeed  of  good  scollers  for 
■such  a  place,  wch  though  it  be  a  place  of  noe  greate  yearlie  vallew, 
yett  is  it  a  Competencye  for  a  single  man  beinge  worth  att  the  best 
601i  per  ann,  and  it  beinge  verie  neere  me,  wher  I  use  sometymes  to 
■goe  to  Church  I  would  verie  gladlye  have  an  able  Cyvell  Minister 
ther.  I  prsume  Sr  you  beinge  soe  lately  att  Oxford  and  haveing 
Tinowledge  of  divers  ther,  fittinge  for  this  place,  and  sutable  to  my 
desires,  may  afforde  me  the  favour  as  to  Commend  such  a  one  to  the 
place  and  to  me  as  may  be  able  to  serve  the  place  [we]ll  [torn]  and 
doe  himeself  a  Curtasye  and  you  me  af[torn]r  therein^  I  need  not 
trouble  you  with  further  [torn]  of  my  desires  I  know  you  can  easalie 
■gess  att  n;y  desires,  and  it  may  soe  fall  out  you  may  doe  yor  frind 
a  Curtasye  in  it.  I  have  sent  alsoe  a  letter  inclosed  to  my  good 
friend  Mr.  Tho  :  Lamplough  of  Queenes  College  for  assistance  in  this 
"behalfe;  wch  you  may  keepe  or  delyver  or  send  to  hime  as  you  see 
•cause,  or  as  you  thincke  you  can  provide  one  for  me  yor  selfe  or  not. 
And  of  this  Sr  you  shall  doe  me  a  greate  favour  to  lett  me  heer  from 
you  as  shortly  as  you  cann  what  may  be  donne  in  it,  for  I  would 
nott  be  overtaken  in  the  tyme  one  moneth  beinge  allreadie  gonn 
since  Mr.   Robts  left  the  place.     I  may  nott  tax  [blotted  over]  you 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Car.  ii,  vol.  9,  No.  158. 


794  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Sr.  wth  yor  promises  when  you  are  allreadie  eoe  much  afforehand 
[blotted  over]  your  Curtasyes.  Otherwise  I  should  have  hoped  ta 
hear  some  accounts  [blotted  over]  you  Butt  I  may  nott  trensh  upon 
yor  greate  affaires  butt  shall  att  all  tymes  [blotted  over]  mch  redienes 
most  willingly  manyfest  how  much  I  am  Sr 

Yor  verie  affectionate  Servt 

Pat.    Curwen. 

Workington 

My  wife  Sr  The  lyveinge  hath 

the  two  a  pretty  parsonage 

Younge  house  upon  it  newly 

Ladyes  and  repaired  wth  verie 

myselfe  good  conveniencyes  of  fyeringe 

tender  you  &c. 

our  best  wishes  ffor 

and  many  thanckes  My  worthy  friend  Mr. 

for  yor  Curtasyes  donn  Joseph  Williamson  Att 

them!  Secretarie  Sr.  Edward  Nicholas 

his  Lodgings   in  Whitehall 

these  psent 

(att  London).' 


There  is  no  date  to  this  document  but  in  pencil  appears 
"  1660  or  1661."  The  earlier  is  the  true  date  as  we  gather 
from  the  document  which  follows  :  — 

Sr 

I  receaved  yors  and  fynde  my  selfe  obledged,  nott  onlye  to  acknow- 
ledge yor  curtesye  in  itt,  butt  alsoe  to  crave  your  pardon  for  my  so 
dareing  hinteinge  yor  nott  writeinge  to  me,  when  yor  favour  had 
pvented  it,  I  was  bould  in  my  last  to  crave  yors  and  Mr.  Lampoughs 
assistance  to  procure  me  a  hopefull  younge  man  for  Harrington,  to 
wch  I  shall  need  noe  other  incentative,  butt  the  contentmt  you  will 
have  by  the  indeavouringe  Soe  good  a  worke  wch  when  yor  conveni- 
ence, and  the  choyce  of  the  gentleman  is  effected ;  the  sooner  I  shall 
then  heare  from  you  it  will  be  the  more  acceptable,  the  parish  beinge 
somewhat  impatient  for  the  want  of  a  Minister,  however.  If  it  should 
bee  inconvenient  to  haisten  you  to  much  in  the  choyce  I  shall  subraitt 
it  to  yor  better  Judgmte  for  the  tyme,  since  you  know  what  tyme  I 
have  to  provide  one.  My  wiffe  and  the  young  Ladies  heer  salute  you 
all    whos    good    wishes    are    apparentlie    yours    and    if   I    should    be 

1.  S.P.   Dom.,  Car.   ii,  vol.   47,   fol    53. 


Harrington  795 

omissive   yt    way  wher    I    have    soe    greate    an    obligation    I   should 
deservedly  forfiett  what  I  soe  much  vallew  that  is  to  bee  esteemed. 

Sr 

Yor  verie  affectionate  freend 
Workington  and  servant 

Nov  12.   1660  Pat.   Curwen. 

For  Mr.  Joseph  Williamson  att 
Secretarie  Nicholas  his  lodgings 
att  Whitehall  thes 

(Att  London).' 

These  two  documents  illustrate  the  importance  of  going 
behind  the  Calendars  to  the  originals.  According  to  the 
Calendar  the  vacancy  was  caused  by  "  George  Roberts's 
removal  to  Scotland,"  the  transcriber  having  misread 
the  word  "  Southward."  What  appears  to  have  happened 
was  that  George  Roberts  suddenly  left  Harrington,  having 
secured  a  living  in  the  south;  and  when  on  his  way  to 
York  to  receive  Institution,  as  his  widow's  Petition  says, 
he  was  taken  ill  and  died. 

Christopher.  Matteson,  B.A.,  1661. 

He  was  instituted  February  13th,  1660-1,  the  vacancy 
being  caused  by  the  death  of  George  Roberts.^  He  held 
the  living  for  a  short  time  only  removing  to  Workington. 3 

Jeremiah  Topping,  B.A.,  1662—1690. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  "  Tho.  Candidas  Casa  Ep." 
December  18th,  1660,  and  Priest  the  same  day.  He  was 
instituted  on  the  Presentation  of  Sir  Pat.  Curwen,  Bart., 
on  January  30th,  1662,  and  compounded  for  his  First 
Fruits  in'  1663.  Foster  states  that  he  matriculated 
Brasenose  College,  Oxford,  July  25th,  1655,  and  graduated 
B.A.  March  18,  1658-9.  *  The  following  Topping  entries 
appear  in  the  Registers  :  — 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Car.  ii,  vol.  21,  p.  46. 

^,  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

3.  Vide  pp.  213,  789. 

4,  Al.  Ox 


796  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Gulielmus  filius  Jeremias  Toppinge  Rectr  of  Harrington  Baptizat 
decimo  Octavo  die  Julij  1668. 

Barbaramaria  Toppinge  filia  Jerem.  Toppinge  nata  fuit  undecimo- 
die  Martij  et  Baptizata  vicessimo  Octavo  die  Martij  1672. 

Jeremia  filius  Jerem.  Toppinge  Sepultus  ultimo  die  Novembris  apud 
Harrington  1673. 

1674  Jeremiah  filius  Jerem.  Toppinge  Rectr  de  Harrington  natus^ 
vicessimo  quarto  die  Augusti  et  Baptizat  Octavo  Septembris  1674. 

Other  entries  follow,  but  two  more  will  suffice :  — 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  Beeby  (daughter  of  Mr.  Topping  formerly  Rector  afe 

Harrington)  buried  in  the  Quire  of  the  Parish  Church  of  Harrington: 

on  the  4th  day  of  December  1713. 

Mrs    Barbara-Maria    Topping    wife    to   the    Revd.    Mr.    Jeremiah 

Topping    formerly    Rector    of    Harrington    buried    in    the    Quire    of 

Harrington  Church  October  the  4th  1715. 

He  appeared  and  exhibited  when  the  Bishop  visited,  June 
30th,  1674.     The  following  refers  to  his  time:  — 
Memorandu  May  20.  1672 

That  George  ffearon  and  Annie  Walter  of  Distington  paid  for  their 
performance  of  pennance  in  ye  parish  church  of  Harrington  and  for  a 
certificate  for  ye  same  sexpence  for  either  twelve  pence  a  piece  In  all: 
ye  usuall  dues  before  not  beinge  Certainely  Knowne  for  ye  same 

Jer.   Toppinge 
Rectr  Ibidm. 

He  held  the  Curacy  of  Camerton  as  well  as  the  Harring- 
ton living.^ 

John  Braithwaite,  B.A.,  1690. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Sept.  23rd,  1666,  Priest  June 
2nd,  1667  and  instituted  July  7th,  1690,  on  the  death  of 
Jeremiah  Topping,^  the  Presentation  being  by  Henry 
Curwen  "  Ar."  The  Registers  give  the  following  notice 
of  the  marriage  of  a  daughter :  — 

Edwin  Green  of  Grasmere  in  Westmrland  &  Margret  Brathwaite 
daughter  of  John  Brathwaite  Rectr  of  Harrington  were  Married  at 
Harrington  the  27th  day  of  November  Ano  Doi  1690. 

This  suggests  that  John  Braithwaite  belonged  to  the 
Braithwaites  of  Ambleside  and  district.  Foster  says  that 
he  was  the  son  of  Francis  Braithwaite  of  "  Blechindon, 

1.  Vide  p.  760. 

2.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


Harrington  797 

Oxon,  p.p.  Trinity  Coll.  matric.  26  May  1682,  aged  18; 
B.A.  13  Feb.  1685-6,  M.A.  1688."  This  identification  how- 
ever cannot  be  correct  as  the  Chester  Act  Book  states  that 
he  was  ordained  Deacon  in  1666.  He  held  the  living  only 
a  short  time,  his  death  occurring  in  1694.  The  following 
are  the  burial  entries  of  his  wife  and  himself  :  — 

Mrs.   Jane  wife  of  Mr.   John  Brathwait  Rectr  of  Harrington  was 

buryed  Aug.  22d  1691. 

John  Brawith  ["  Brathwaite  Rector."     This  in  a  late  hand]  parson 

of  Harrington  buried  ye  20  day  of  March  Annoque  dom.  1694. 

The  Inventory  of  the  goods  of  ''  Mr.  John  Braithwaite 
late  parson  of  Harrington  "  is  dated  March  25th,  1695. 

John  Peocter,  M.A.,  1690. 

The  Act  Book  gives  this  name,  and  states  that  he  was 
instituted  November  7th,  1690,  on  the  death  of  Topping, 
the  Presentation  being  by  Charles  the  Duke  of  Somerset. 
It  is  not  easy  to  see  the  significance  of  this  in  view  of  what 
precedes,  unless  it  was  a  case  of  contested  Presentation. 
Certainly  the  living  fell  to  John  Braithwaite.  Probably 
this  was  the  person  who  was  at  Bromfield  in  1692.^ 

Thomas  Orfeur,  1695 — 1721. 

He  was  instituted  July  10th,  1695,  on  the  death  of 
Braithwaite ; 2  and  was  the  son  of  William  Orfeur  of 
Plumbland,  matriculating  at  Queen's  College,  May  16th, 
1689,  at  the  age  of  17  years. ^  During  the  whole  of  his 
time  a  Curate  appears  to  have  been  resident  here,  from 
which  it  may  be  inferred  that  he  was  a  Pluralist  and  non- 
resident. He  died  June  11th,  1721,  and  was  buried  at 
Harrington*.  The  Registers  give  the  names  of  Roger 
Eigby  and  John  Parkin  as  Curates.  Roger  Rigby's 
daughter,  Elizabeth,  was  baptized  May  10th,  1699,  and 
John  Parkin's  name  appears  in  the  Registers  from  1708  to 
1719.  The  latter  was  buried  August  20th,  1719,  and  is 
called  "  Minister  of  Harrington."     It  appears  also  that 

1.  Vide  p.  642. 

2.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

3.  Al.  Ox. 


798  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Lawrence  Hillyard  was  appointed  October  6tli,  1718,  to 
officiate  as  Deacon. 

C.  Richardson,  M.A.,  1721. 

He  was  instituted  on   July  7tli,  1721,  on  the   death  of 
Thomas  Orfeur. 

The  following  curious  entry  is  in  the  Registers :  — 
Thomas  Draipe,   Widdower  &   Bridgett  Rothery  Widdow,   both  of 

Harrington  married  at  St.  Bees  (with  Licence) 

November  the  29th   1713. 

And-  having  attain'd  to  their  degrees 
They  refuse  to  pay  their  Marriage  fees 
And  will  not  now  frequent  the  Church 
But  in  the  Chimney  corner  lurch. 


ly.     DISTINGTON. 

This  place,  often  called  "  Dissington,"  is  a  few  miles 
south  of  Workington.  The  ancient  dedication  of  the 
Church  is  unknown;  but  probably  it  was  "  St.  Cuthbert." 
The  Church  was  rebuilt  in  1886,  and  its  present  dedication 
is  the  "  Church  of  the  Holy  Spirit."  The  oldest  Register 
Book  is  worn  and  faded  in  places,  and  on  its  cover  is  the 
following :  — 

This  Register  Book  was  cleaned  and  rebound  at  the  expense  of  the 
Revei'end  William  George  Courtenay  Hodgson  A.M.  Rector  of  Dis- 
tington  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1888. 

The  contents,  however,  are  not  arranged  in  order.  They 
begin  with  baptisms  in  1661 ;  but  on  the  inside  of  the 
original  cover  may  be  seen  the  date  1654.  The  entries 
however,  are  not  legible.  About  two  thirds  through  the 
book  we  have  "  Sepulturae  Anno  Dom.  1653  " ;  but  of 
these  there  are  only  a  page  and  a  half,  and  then  we  come  to 
1661.  Nicolson  and  Burn  are  silent  about  the  Incumbents, 
and  Jefferson's  list  is  quite  meagre.  The  following  names 
have  been  obtained  :  — 

R.  ToRNER,  1556. 

P.  Wharton,  1556. 

He  was  instituted  this  year  on  the  death  of  E,.  Torner. 

Oswald  Dykes,  1568, 

A  person  of  this  name  was  at  Asby  in  1593.^ 

Edward  Dykes,  1588. 

He  was  instituted  July  5th,  1588,  the  vacancy  being 
caused  by  the  resignation  of  Oswald  Dykes. ^  A  person 
of  this  name  was  at  Dearham  in  1600.^ 

1.  Vide  p.  1111. 

2.  All  these  are  from  The  Act  Book   (Chester  Registry). 

3.  Vide  p.  728. 


8oo  The   Ejected   of  1662 

George  Lamplugh,  M.A.,  1616 — 1633. 

He  was  instituted  February  13th,  1615,  on  a  Presenta- 
tion by  "  Tho.  Dikes  in  Com.  Cumbr.  Ar."  He  held  the 
living  in  Plurality  with  Workington.^ 

Edward  Fletcher,  1633 — 1646. 

He  was  instituted  December  3rd,  1633.  He  was  at 
Moresby  in  1631  and  held  the  two  livings  until  at  least 
1646/7,  when  he  was  requested  by  the  Parliamentary 
Commissioners  to  decide  which  he  would  relinquish. 
Evidently  he  surrendered  Distington.^ 

Thomas  Fox,  M.A.,  1646. 

This  name  is  given  in  the  Act  Book  and  the  Institution 
is  said  to  have  been  on  April  12th,  1646.  It  is  difficult  to 
reconcile  the  date  with  the  foregoing. 

Thomas  Johnston,  1647 — 1650. 

The  following  is  the  authority  for  this  name  :  — 

Distintone.  Junij  18.  1647. 

Whereas  the  Rectorie  of  the  pish  Church  of  Distintowne  in  the 
Countie  of  Cumberland  is  &  standeth  sequestred  by  the  Cotee  of 
pliamt  for  the  sd  Countie  from  Edward  ffletcher.  It  is  ordered  that 
the  sd  Rectorie  shall  from  henceforth  stand  sequestred  to  Thomas 
Johnstone  a  godlie  &  orthodox  Devine  &  that  he  doe  forthwth 
officiate  the  cure  of  the  sd  Church  as  Rector  &  preach  diligentlie.' 

William  Lampit  refers  to  him  in  1650  ;*  but  how  much 
longer  he  remained  we  do  not  know.  He  was,  however, 
gone  by  1654. 

1.  Vide  p.  787. 

2.  Vide  p.  762. 

3.  Add.   MSS.,  Brit.  Mus.,  15671. 

4.  Vide  p.  624. 


Distington  80 1 

EiCHARD  Fletcher,  B.A.,  1654. 

The  authority  for  this  is  the  following :  — 
Distinton  Know  all   &c  the  tenth  day  of  July  in 

Richard  ffletcher  the  yeare  One  Thousand  six  hundred  ffifty 

pres.  21.  June  1654.  and   ffoure  There  was   exhibited   to   &c   A 

presentation   of  Richard  ffletcher  Batchelior 

Rich,  ffletcher  certd  as         of  Arts  to  ye  Rectory  of  Distinton  in  ye 

aforesd  by  County   of   Cumberland   made   to   him   by 

Ri.  Lingard  of  Workington   Thomas    Wharton   cf    Grayes  Jnne    Gent. 

John  Hudson  the     patron     thereof     Together     &c     said 

Wm.  ]Mawson  Richard    ffletcher    &c    approved    ye    said 

John  Nicolson  Richard   ffletcher  &,z  doe  admitt  the  said 

Peter  Windser  Richard  ffletcher  to  the  Rectory  of  Distin- 

Slat.  Hunter  ton  aforesaid  &c  Incumbent   &c  belonging 

Tho.  Sewell.  to  ye  said  Rectory  &c  In  Witnes  &c  Dated 

at  Whitehall  the  11th  day  of  July  1654.' 

Foster  gives  several  persons   of  this  name   among   his 

Oxford  Alnmni,  and  suggests  that  one  of  them  was  Yicar 

of  Isel  in  1661,  -     This  may  also  have  been  the  Distington 

Rector,  and  what  led  to  his  removal  from  Distington  is 

not  clear  unless  it  was  the  return  of  Edward  Fletcher  at 

the  Restoration. 

Edwaed  Fletcher,  1660  (?)— 1665. 

The  letter  of  Francis  Higginson  on  behalf  of  Thomas 
Belman  shows  that  Edward  Fletcher  was  in  posses- 
sion of  the  living  in  1663/4  with  Belman  as  Curate.^ 
The  following  also  suggests  a  still  earlier  date  for  him  :  — 

Sepultura«  1661. 

Elizabetha  uxor   Edwardi    ffletcher   Rectory   de   Distington   sepulta 

fuit  vigessimo  primo  die   Octobris   Annoq  Domj  1661. 

By  this  time  he  must  have  been  old  and  he  held  the 
living  only  a  few  years.  The  Cockermouth  Registers  also 
say:  — 

Thomas   the   son  of   Mr.    Edward    ffletcher    sometime    Minister   of 
Distington  was  bliried  May  24  1683. 

The  following  probably  refers  to  him  :  — 
Dec.   22  :  1682. 
Given  to  Mr.   Edward  Fletcher's  Son,   a  poor  minister  00  :  01  :  00. 4^ 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min),  997. 

2.  Al.  Ox.  ;    also  Isel,  p.  724. 

3.  Vide  p.  717. 

4.  Fleming  MSS.,   H.M.C.  Twelfth  Report,  p.  398. 


k 


8o2  The   Ejected   of  1662 

The    Distington    Eegisters    have    the  following    whose 
significance  is  not  clear:  — 

1662  Magdalena  Sibson  vid.   de  Rectore  Distington  Sepult  fuit  16. 
Januarij. 

Robert  Armistead,  M.A.,  1665 — 1685. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  George,  Bishop  of  Chester, 
February  19th,  1663  /4 ;  Priest  by  the  same,  June  18th,  1666, 
a  license  being  granted  him  to  preach  through  the  whole 
Diocese.  He  signs  the  Registers  in  connection  with  a 
burial  September  2nd,  1665,  as  "  Robt.  Armistead  minr," 
though  the  date  of  his  Institution  is  given  as  April  Ist, 
1669.  In  the  latter  year  also  he  compounded  for  his  First 
Fruits.  He  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Rector  on  the 
Bishop's  Visitation  June  30th,  1674. 
The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

James  ye  son  of  Mr.  Robt.  Armistead  bapt  Mar.  26.   1672. 

EUenor  ye  daughter  of  Mr.  R  :  Armistead  bapt.  June  30.  1674. 

William  ye  son  of  Mr.  R  :  Armistead  was  bapt.  Apr.   10.   1677. 

Mary  ye  daughter  of  Mr.  R.  Armistead  bapt.  Dec.  20.  1681. 

His  own  burial  entry  is  thus  noted :  — 

Mr.  Robert  Armistead  Sp  [Sepultus]  30  May  1685. 
The  Institution  Books  give  the  appointment  of  "  The.  ffox 
Cr'  to  "Distington  R.  Apr.  13.  69"  on  the  Presentation 
of  the  King  "  p.  lapsu."  There  must,  however,  be  some 
mistake  here,  as  there  can  be  no  doubt  about  Robert 
Armistead  having  been  instituted  just  twelve  days  pre- 
viously. Moreover  "  Distington  "  is  said  to  be  "  in  Lane." 
Can  it  be  this  entry  and  the  one  previously  given,  which 
have  led  some  writers  to  say  that  a  "  Thos.  Fox  M.A." 
■was  appointed  in  1646  and  held  the  living  until  1669? 
The  Fox  entries  are  quite  a  puzzle  and  it  may  be  doubted 
if  a  person  of  this  name  was  ever  at  Distington.  At  any 
rate,  whatever  may  be  uncertain  it  is  clear  that  no  such 
person  held  the  living  from  1646  to  1669.  I  am  inclined 
to  think  both  entries  are  errors. 

Richard  Tickell,  M.A.,  1685—1692. 

He   was   a  graduate   of  Trinity   College,   Dublin,   was 
ordained  Deacon,  September  24th,  1671,  by  the  Bishop  of 


Distington  803 

Chester,  Priest,  February  23rd,  1672,  by  the  Bishop  of  St. 
Asaph,  and  instituted  to  Distington  September  3rd,  1685. 
The  vacancy  was  caused  by  the  death  of  Eobert  Armistead 
and  the  Presentation  was  made  by  Sir  John  Lowther.^ 
He  had  previously  been  at  Bridekirk,^  and  along  witK 
Distington  he  held  the  Egremont  living,  his  Institution 
to  the  latter  being  on  January  22nd,  1685.  In  the 
Presentments  for  1689  we  have  the  following  testimony  to 
his  character  :  — 

Minister  a  man  of  good  life,  uses  canonical   Apparel,   resorts   not 

to  Ale-houses  without  Occasions,   gives  not  himself  to  servile  labor,. 

nor  drinking  nor'  mispending  his  Time.' 

The  following  entries  appear  in  the  Registers  :  — 
1687.   William  ye  son  of  Richd.   Tickell  Rector  of  Distington  was 

born  Novemb.  ye  9th  &  baptized  ye  23  of  ye  same  month. 

Patricius  ye    son    of    Richard    Tickell  Rector    of    Distington    born 

Decemb.  ye  last  &  bapt.  January  8th  [1689  ?]. 

Richard  Tickell  died  in  1692,  the  following  being  hia 
burial  entry  and  that  of  his  wife,  who  survived  him  well 
on  for  forty  years  :  — 
Burials  1692. 

Richard  Tickell  Clerk  June  ye  28. 
1729 

Mrs   Margt  Tickel  Relict   of  ye   late  Revd.    Mr.   Tickel   Rector   of 
Distington  7ber  ye  30. 

In  her  Will,  Eliz.  Tickell,  widow  of  Thom.  Tickell,  late 
of  Whitehaven,  dated  August  30th,  1694,  speaks  of  her 
grandsons  Richard,  Thomas,  Patricius,  and  William 
Tickell;  and  of  her  sons-in-law  as  being  Mr.  Ebenezer 
Gale,  Mr.  Richard  Jackson,  and  Mr.  John  Gale.  Sir 
John  Lowther,  July  5th,  1692,  says  that  he  intends 
"  to  give  the  living  of  Distington  to  the  Master  of  St. 
Bees  School,  so  that  the  school  endowments  may  be  used 
to  provide  more  masters. "^     This,  however,  was  not  done. 

1.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  Vide  p.  721. 

3.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 

4.  Fleming  MSS.  H.  M.  C,  Twelfth  Report,  p.  330. 


8o4  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Lancelot  Teasdale,  M.A.,  1692 — 1712. 

He  was  instituted  July  22nd,  1692,  on  the  death  of 
Hichard  Tickell,  the  Presentation  being  the  same.^  He 
was  the  son  of  Christopher  Teasdale  of  Sockbridge,  West- 
morland ;  matriculated  at  Queen's  Coll.  May  25th,  1677, 
at  the  age  of  18;  graduated  B.A.  February  9th,  1680-1, 
M.A.  1684;  and  was  Rector  of  South  Weston,  Oxford,  in 
1691.  He  died  in  1712,  and  the  following  is  the  notice  of 
his  burial :  — 

1712  Apr.  23.  Mr.  Lane.  Teasdaile  Rector  of  Destington  buryed. 

A  brother,  William  Teasdale,  was  a  graduate  of  the 
same  University.^ 

John  Dalton,  B.A.,  1712. 

He  was  instituted  July  21st,  1712,  on  the  death  of 
Lancelot  Teasdale.  He  was  the  son  of  Henry  Dalton  of 
Shap,  and  grandson  of  John  Dalton,  Vicar  of  that  place. 
He  matriculated  at  Queen's  College,  October  10th  1692,  at 
the  age  of  16  years;  and  graduated  B.A.  from  St. 
Edmund  Hall  March  22nd,  1696-7.^  He  was  at  Dean 
previous  to  being  at  Distington,  and  subsequently  removed 
to  Trinity  Church,  Whitehaven.^  Francis  Yates  appears 
to  have  been  his  Curate. 

Charles  Eichaedson,  1721. 

He  occurs  in  the  Registers  as  Rector  in  that  year; 
and  in  1726  the  Harrington  Registers  state  that  he  was 
Rector  there. ^  Probably  he  held  the  two  livings  in 
Plurality  for  a  time. 

1.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Eegistry). 

2.  Al.   Ox. 

3.  Ibid. 

4.  Vide  p.  768. 

5.  Vide  p.  798. 


Y.     MORESBY. 

Moresby  is  a  few  miles  north  of  Whitehaven  and  on 
the  coast.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Bridget,  and 
little  is  known  of  its  history  beyond  the  18th  Century. 
Nicolson  and  Burn  are  silent  about  its  Incumbents, 
Hutchinson  begins  with  Ralph  Calvert,  1668,  and  Jeffer- 
son gives  none  between  Charles  Martindale  in  1535  and 
Ralph  Calvert.  The  Registers  do  not  go  beyond  the  year 
1717.  The  following  is  a  list  of  Incumbents,  imperfect, 
yet  fuller  than  any  yet  published :  — 

Thomas  Calvert,  1585, 

A  person  of  this  name  appears  at  Egremont  in  1569.^ 

Thomas  Brownrigg,  1588. 

He  was  instituted  January  3,  1588;  and  his  name  occurs 
in  the  Will  of  John  Lamplugh  dated  1603.  A  person  so 
named  appears  at  Matterdale  in  1655. ^  Doubtless  he 
belonged  to  a  local  family. 

Robert  Mandeile,  1616. 

He  was  instituted  July  25,  1616.^ 

There  was  a  Robert  Mandeville  at  Holm  Cultram  at  this 
time.^ 

Robert  Fogg,  M.A.,  1618. 

He  was  instituted  May  5,  1618,  on  a  Presentation  by 
Henry  Fletcher,  Gent.  Foster  says  that  he  was  M.A.  of 
Cambridge,  being  incorporated  at  Oxford,  July  9,  1616. 
He  states  that  he  was  Rector  of  Moresby  in  1618  and  of 
Grasmere  in  1627.  "  Perhaps,"  he  adds,  "  rector  of 
Bangor,  co.  Flint,  intruded  1646,  ejected  1660;    died  at 

1.  Vide  p.  820. 

2.  Vide  p.  519. 

3.  All  the  above  are  from  the  Act.  Book  (Chester  Kegistry). 

4.  Vide  p.  593. 


8o6  The   Ejected   of  1662 

• 
Nantwich,    Cheshire,    April    1676,    aged    80,    buried    at 
Acton."  1     Calamy   gives    considerable   space    to    Robert 
Fogg    of   Bangor;    but    lie    does   not    connect    him   with 
Moresby  or  Grasmere.^ 

Thomas  Ashton,  M.A.,  1629. 

He  was  instituted  June  28,  1629,  on  the  Presentation  of 
Henry  Fletcher,  the  vacancy  having  been  caused  by  the 
resignation  of  Robert  Togg. 

Edwaud  Fletcher,  1631. 

He  was  instituted  Feb.  20,  1631,  on  the  same  Presenta- 
tion, and  held  Distington  in  Plurality  with  Moresby  for 
some  time.  He  relinquished  Distington  about  1646,  and 
it  would  seem  that  he  was  subsequently  sequestered  also 
from  Moresby.^ 

James  Thomso?^,  1654. 

The  authority  for  this  is  the  following :  — 
Ja.  Thomson.  30.  Junij  1654. 

The  like  order  for  Mr.  James  Thomson  of  Moresbie  in  Com. 
Cimiberland  upon  an  ordr  of  ye  Comrs  for  Approbacon  &c  27  Junij 
1654  directed  to  Cumberland.  4 

It  is  very  probable  that  he  belonged  to  the  Thomsons  of 
Thornflatt.  Doubtless  the  person  who  appears  at  Corney 
in  1657.^ 

Ralph  Calvert,  B.A.,  1670. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Richard,  Archbishop  of 
York,  May  29,  1670;  Priest  by  the  same,  Sept.  25,  1670, 
and  subscribed  the  declaration  Nov.  28,  1670.  He  was 
instituted  the  same  day,  6  on  the  Presentation  of  William 
Fletcher,  and  appeared  and  exhibited  before  the  Bishop 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  1059. 

3.  Vide  p.  800. 

4.  S.P.  Dom.  Inter.  G.  22  (Record  Office). 

5.  Vide  p.  854. 

6.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


Moresby  807 

at  his  Yisitation  June  30,   1674.      In   1682  the   Cleator 
Registers  give  his  name  thus :  — 

1682  The  fifth  of  Aprillis  was  Henry  the  Son  of  Henry  Steele  of 
Jacktrees  buried  by  Ralph  Ca —  rector  of  morresby. 
He  can  be  traced  here  until  at  least  1698. 

Francis  Yates,  1711—1720. 

He  was  instituted  May  10th,  1711,  and  held  the  White- 
haven living  also.  Mr.  Jackson  says  that  James  Farish, 
Schoolmaster  of  Whitehaven,  obtained  Deacon's  orders 
for  the  purpose  of  assisting  Francis  Yates  at  Moresby, 
who  was  now  quite  old.^ 

Peter  Farish,  M.A.,  1720. 

He  was  instituted  Dec.  7,  1720.  Foster  says  that  he 
was  B.A.  and  M.A.  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  being 
incorporated  at  Oxford,  Oct.  16,  1720.  He  was  previously 
at  Isel  and  held  the  living  at  Plumbland  in  Plurality 
with  Moresby. 2  Thomas  Christian,  Deacon,  May  6,  1723, 
served  here  during  this  time  probably  as  his  Curate. 

Francis  Yates,  1728. 

He  was  instituted  Jan.  13,  1728,  and  was  the  son  of 
Francis  Yates  just  named.  He  matriculated  at  Queen's 
College,  July  23,  1717,  at  the  age  of  17,  and  graduated 
B.A.  in  1721.  His  marriage  appears  in  the  Embleton 
Registers  thus :  — 

Mr  Francis  Yates  Curate  of  Distington  and  Mrs  Anne  Orphar  in 
the  pish  of  plymland  Spinstr  were  mar.  by  a  Lycence  granted  and 
Signed  by  Mr.  Ponsonby  Rector  of  Dean  December  13  Day  of  1725. 

He    held    the    Whitehaven    living    as    well    as    that    of 
Moresby.^ 

1.  Vide  p.  814. 

2.  Vide  pp.   590,  726. 

3.  Vide  p.  813. 


YI.     ARLECDON. 

In  older  documents  this  is  "Arlecden"  and"Arlochden." 
It  is  a  few  miles  north  east  of  Whitehaven,  and  its  Church 
is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael.  There  are  no  Registers 
earlier  than  the  18th  Century;  and  no  one  has  attempted 
any  list  of  Incumbents. 

William  Patrickson,  M.A.,  1646. 

This  and  another  are  the  only  ITth  Century  Incumbents 

known   to   us;    and   the   authority   for   Patrickson   is   the 

following  :  — 

Arlecdon.  25  April  1646. 

It  is  ordered  yt  ye  Comittee  of  Parliamt  for  ye  County  of  Cumber- 
land be  desired  to  make  inquiry  whether  ye  Church  of  Arleckdon  in 
ye  sd  County  bee  voyd  and  how  ye  same  became  voyd  and  in  whose 
guift  ye  same  is  and  to  certify  ye  same  together  with  their  oppinion 
of  William  Patrickson  Mr.  of  Artes  &  whether  they  consider  him  fitt 
to  officiate  there  And  ye  sd  Mr.  Patrickson  is  likewise  to  p'duce  a 
Certificate  under  ye  hands  of  ye  godly  Ministers  of  ye  neighbourhoode 
of  his  life  &  Cooiversacon.  upon  retume  whereof  this  Comittee  will 
take  such  further  order  as  to  Justice  shall  appertain.' 

This  does  not  make  it  quite  certain  that  William  Patrick- 
son  was  actually  appointed;  but  in  all  probability  he  was. 
Foster  has  the  following  respecting  him  : — "Son  of  Henry 
of  Fresington,  Cumberland,  pleb.  Queen's  Coll.,  matric. 
9  Nov.,  1632,  aged  19;  B.A.  from  Pembroke  Coll.  28  Nov., 
1635,  M.A.  12  Dec,  1638;  was  referred  by  the  West- 
minster assembly  whether  fit  to  officiate  the  vicarage  of 
Arlecdon,  Cumberland,  1646."  ^ 

In  an  Inquisition  taken  at  Cockermouth  May  30,  1686, 
with  John  Lamplugh  as  plaintiff,  and  John  Ashburne, 
Anthony  Nicholson,  and  William  Dixon  as  defendants, 
the  matter  in  dispute  being  the  "  Rectory  and  parish  of 
Arlecdon  and  lands  in  the  parish  called  Frisington  Parks 

1.  Add.  MSS.,  Brit.   Mus.,   15670. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 


Arlecdon  809 

owned  by  Sir  George  Fletcher,  Titliss,  "  mention  is  made 
of  the  names  and  possessions  of  William  Williamson, 
Anthony  Patrickson,  Henry  Patrickson,  Geo.  Brisco,  Mary 
Brisco,  John  Williamson,  owner  of  Frizington  Hall  and 
Sarah  Williamson."  ^  Frizington  is  associated  with 
Arlecdon  but  the  Church  in  the  latter  place  is  quite 
modern. 

Thomas  Xoble,  1674, 

There  is  considerable  difficulty  here.  That  is  the 
name  given  in  connection  with  the  Visitation  of  the 
Bishop  of  Chester,  June  30th,  1674,  and  he  is  said  to  be 
absent  from  the  Visitation.  Similarly  John  Xoble 
"  Ludimagister "  in  the  Parish  of  Dean.  In  the  Chester 
Papers  for  1677  Joseph  JS^oble  is  named  under  Arlecdon, 
and  he  is  said  to  have  been  licensed  Curate  there  on  June 
30th,  1674;  but  John  Noble  appears  in  connection  with 
the  Presentation  of  1677,-  and  he  was  certainly  here  also 
in  1698. 

Thomas  Baxter,  1720. 

The  Transcripts  give  the  following :  — 

Aug.    ye    27.     1720    was    Thomas    son    of   Thomas    Baxter    Curat 
Baptized. 

The  1721  entries  are  signed  by  "  Thomas  Baxter  Curat 
Ibidem."  ^ 

1.  Ex.  Dep.,  Trin.   1. 

2.  Vide  p.  1362. 

3.  Lancaster  Transcripts.  • 


YII.    WHITEHAVEN. 

The  oldest  Churcli  here  is  dedicated  to  St.  Nicholas; 
and  it  was  erected  in  1693,  being  consecrated  on  the  16th 
of  July  in  that  year.  It  took  the  place  of  a  "  little  old 
chapel,"  which  certainly  was  in  existence  in  1642,  whose 
location  was  in  Chapel  Street.  The  latter  was  "a  humble 
edifice  with  a  bell  turret  and  a  cross  at  the  east  end ;"  ^ 
and  served  as  a  Chapel  of  Ease  to  St.  Bees.  There  are  no 
Registers  older  than  the  18th  Century,  all  earlier  ones 
being  in  the  St.  Bees  Registers.  Only  an  imperfect  list 
of  persons  who  served  the  Chapel  during  the  17th  Century 
has  been  obtained. 

EzEKiEL  Harsnett,  1657. 

The  following  is  the  authority :  — 

Newcastle 

upon 

Tyne. 

By  the  Comrs  for  propagating  the  Gospell  in  the  fower  Northerne 
Counties  of  Northumberland  Cumberland,  Westmland  and  Durham. 
March  29th,  1653. 

Whereas  there  is  exceeding  great  want  of  a  preaching  Minister  at 
Whitehaven  in  the  County  of  Cumberland  It  is  therefore  ordered  that 
the  Rentall  hereunto  affixed  being  Eighteene  pounds  two  shillinges 
and  foure  pence  and  two  parts  of  the  Seqrd.  tithes  of  Dovenby  and 
Papcastle  be  graunted  to  and  for  the  Maintennce  of  a  godly  &  able 
Minester  at  Whitehaven  aforesayd  the  sayd  Minister  to  be  first 
approved  by  the  Comttee  for  Plundered  Ministers  or  at  this  Board  or 
by  any  other  way  as  the  Parlt  to  that  end  shall  appoint. 

Ent. 

Ant.  Parsons. 

These  are  to  certifie  ye  Honble  ye  Trustees  for  Maintennce  of 
Ministers  that  the  tithe  rents  pticularly  underwritten  were  by  the 
Comrs  for  propagacon  of  the  Gospell  in  the  foure  Northerne  Counties 
invested  and  setled  upon  the  Minister  of  the  Port  of  Whitehaven  as 
an  encouragemt.  of  Maintennce  to  him  and  yt  Mr.  Ezekiell  Harsnett 

1.  Jefferson's,  Allerdale  above  Derwent,  p.  362. 


Whitehaven  8 1 1 

Minister  there  very  well  deserves    In  testimony  hereof  we  have  sett 
or  handes  :  Carlisle  this  10th  of  ffebr  lb56. 

Mr.  Tunstall  ye  Caldewstones  held  of  ye  late  02  :  13  :  04. 

B  pp  of  Carlile  Mich.  &  Lday  Day. 
Mr.  Edward  Wivell  for  bankend  &  Millhouse        00  :  11  :  04. 

tythes  ye  same  day. 
Mr.  Tunstall  p.  Braiton  tythes  payable  02  :  00  :  00. 

ye  same  dayes 
Sr.  Edward  Musgrave  ye  Aspatrick  05  :  06  :  08. 

tithes  payable  ye  same  dayes 
Sr.  Timothy  ffetherston  ye  Ivegill  02  :  00  :  00 

tithes  payble  And.  &  Purifii. 
Mr.   Thompson  ye  Tythes  of  Eaughton  00  :  03  :  08. 

Moore 
Sr.   Edward  Musgrave  p.  Outerby  tithes  02  :  00  :  00. 

Mr.  Christo  Dobson  p.  tithes  of  Highwait 
&  fletcher  tenemt  held  of  ye  00  :  13  :  04. 

late  Deane  &  Chap. 
Mr.   Cuthbert  Blenherhasset  p.  tythes  of 
Mealow  &  Hornsby  :Mich.   &  Lady  day  03  :  12  :  00. 

held  of  ye  It  d  [late  dean]  &  chap. 
Tho.  Craister 
Cuth.  Studholme.' 
Whitehaven 
May  6.   1656. 

The  like  [Approval]  to  Mr.  Ezechiell  Harsnett  of  Whitehaven 
in  ye  County  of  Cumberland 

Dated  at  Whitehall  12  Novembr  1656. 
Jo.  Nye.  Regr.^ 
Whitehaven 
Thomethwaite 
Newlands  and 
St.  Johns.  June  25.  1657. 

Whereas  the  Comrs  for  propagacon  of  the  Gospell  in  the  4  north- 
erne  Counties  have  Graunted  by  their  order  of  the  29  of  March  1653 
to  and  for  the  maintennce  of  a  godly  and  able  Minister  at  Whitehaven 
in  the  County  of  Cumberland  (among  other  thinges)  the  yearely 
Sume  of  xviijli  iis  iiijd  out  of  the  pticulers  hereafter  menconed  vizt. 
the  yearely  sume  of  Two  poundes  thirteene  Shillinges  &  foure  pence 
out  of  the  tithes  of  Caldewstones,  the  further  yearely  Sume  of 
Eleaven  Shillinges  foure  pence  out  of  the  tithes  of  Blackend  and 
Milhouse,  the  further  yrly  Sume  of  Two  pounds  out  of  the  tithes  of 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1006. 

2.  Ibid.,  968. 


8i2  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Braiton,  the  further  Yearely  sume  of  5li  vjs  viijd  out  of  the  tithes 
of  Aspatrick,  the  further  yrly  Sume  of  one  pound  twelve  Shillinges 
out  of  the  tithes  of  Ivegill,  the  further  yrly  Sume  of  three  shilinges 
eight  pence  out  of  the  tithes  of  Raughton  More,  the  further  yearely 
sume  of  two  pounds  out  of  the  tithes  of  Outerby  the  further  yrly 
Sume  of  iijs  iiijd  out  of  the  tithes  of  Highwaite  and  ffletchers  and 
the  further  yrly  Sume  of  Three  poundes  twelve  shillinges  out  of  the 
tithes  of  Mealow  and  Hornsby  all  wthin  the  County  of  Cumberland, 
and  amounting  in  the  whole  to  the  said  yrly  Sume  of  xviijli  ijs  iiijd 
And  Mr.  Ezekiell  Harsnett  Minister  of  Whitehaven  aforesd  (approved 
according  to  the  ordinance  for  approbacon  of  publique  preachers  the 
12th  day  of  Nov.  1656)  hath  injoyed  the  said  Augmentacon  for  some 
time  who  desires  the  continuance  thereof  together  wth  the  Arreares 
since  his  last  receipt.  It  is  ordered  that  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite 
receiver  doe  from  time  to  time  continue  and  pay  unto  the  said  Mr. 
Harsnett  the  sd  yrly  sume  of  xviijli  ijs  iiijd  out  of  the  pticulers 
aforesd  to  hold  for  such  time  as  he  shall  discharge  the  duty  of  the 
]Minr  of  ye  sd  place  or  untill  further  order  of  these  Trustees  to  be 
accoted  from  his  last  receipt.  And  whereas  these  Trustees  the  19th 
of  Sept.  1656  ordered  unto  Mr.  James  Cave  Minr  of  Thornthwaite, 
Newland  and  St.  Johns  in  the  sd  County  (among  other  thinges)  the 
yrly  Sume  of  five  poundes  six  shillinges  eight  pence  out  of  ye  tithes 
of  Aspatree  aforesd  &  ye  further  yrly  sume  of  iijli  iiijs  viijd  out 
of  ye  tithes  of  Caldew  Stones  Milhouse  and  Blackend  aforesd  amount- 
ing to  the  sume  of  viijli  xis  iiijd  a  yeare  to  be  accoted  from  the  25th 
day  of  December  1655  It  is  ordered  yt  ye  paymt  of  ye  sd  sume  of 
viijli  xis  iiijd  a  yeare  out  of  the  sd  pticulers  be  discharged  and  that 
the  same  be  transferred  &  charged  upon  and  from  time  to  time  paid 
unto  the  sd  Mr.  Cave  out  of  the  rents  and  profitts  of  the  tithes  of 
Cumrew  in  the  sd  County  to  hold  for  such  time  as  he  shall  discharge 
the  duty  of  the  Minister  of  the  said  place,  or  untill  further  order  of 
these  Trustees  to  be  accoted  from  the  said  25th  day  of  December  1655. 
And  that  the  said  Mr.  Branthwaite  doe  pay  the  same  unto  him 
accordingly. 

Ri.  Sydenham  Jo.  Pocock  Ra.  Hall  Richard  Yong  John  Humfrey.^ 
In  an  interesting  paper  on  Whitehaven  and  its  old 
Churcli,  the  late  Mr.  Jackson  says:  — 

The  only  names  of  ministers  of  the  old  chapel  that  I  can  at  present 
ascertain  are  those  of  Mr.  Bennett  and  his  successor  Mr.  Marr.  Other 
names,  the  bearers  being  designated  Clerks  occur  in  the  St.  Bees 
Register,  which  were  neither  those  of  the  ministers  of  the  Church, 
nor  masters  of  the  Grammar  School  there.  The  ministers  of  the 
chapel  taught  the  School  in  addition  to  their  other  duties.  - 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  993. 

2.  Papers  and  Pedigrees,  vol.  ii,  p.  97. 


"Whitehaven  8 1 3 

It  is  to  be  regretted  that  Mr.  Jackson  did  not  supply  these 
other  names  and  also  give  dates;  and  it  is  little  that  we 
know  of  the  two  mentioned  by  him  in  the  passage  just 
cited. 

Philip  Bennett,  1662—1689. 

He  subscribed  the  declaration  Aug.  15,  1662,  "  Coram 
Geo  Cestr  Epo."  He  was  licensed  to  serve  the  Cure 
Oct.  22,  1662,  and  to  preach  through  the  whole  "  Dio 
Cestr."  He  appeared  and  exhibited  at  the  Bishop's 
Visitation  June  30,  1674,  and  was  here  until  1677.  Was 
this  the  Philip  Bennett,  M.A.,  who  for  some  time  was  at 
Ulverston,  and  who  is  given  by  Calamy  as  ejected  from 
Cartmel  in  1662  ?^  I  very  strongly  suspect  so.  In  Calamy 
he  is  little  more  than  a  name. 

James  Marr,  1691. 

The  copy  of  his  election  bears  this  date.  He  was  licensed 
to  serve  as  Curate  at  Crosthwaite  Jan.  7,  1689/90. 

In  reference  to  the  new  building,  whose  deed  of  conse- 
cration is  dated  1693,  and  for  whose  erection  Sir  John 
Lowther  was  mainly  responsible,  the  latter  entered  into 
an  agreement  with  the  Whitehaven  people,  that,  of  two 
persons  named  by  them,  he  and  his  heirs  would  present 
one  to  the  living.  The  arrangement  did  not  work  very 
smoothly,  and  in  reference  to  the  first  election  Mr.  Jackson 
says  :  — • 

Mr  Taylor  and  Mr.  Farington  offered  themselves  as  candidates. 
Taylor  got  preferment  elsewhere  and  a  small  minority  wished  to 
prefer  Farington ;  but  this  was  overruled  and  another  election  took 
place  with  Francis  Yates  and  Xlr.  Harrison  as  candidates.  Some 
objection  being  raised  about  the  method  of  the  election  a  third  took 
place  with  Francis  Yates  and  Mr.  Tomlinson  as  candidates  the  larger 
number  voting  for  Yates.  The  only  other  candidates  named  at  any 
of  the  three  elections  were  Mr.  Garnett  who  charged  half  a  guinea 
and  Parson  Ogle,  to  whom  one  shilling  and  a  penny  was  allowed. 

Francis  Yates,  1693—1720. 

We  have  already  met  with  him  at  Moresby,  and  the 

1,   Calamy,  vol.  ii,  417;  vol.  iii,  573. 


Si4  The   Ejected   of  1662 

following  information  from  Mr.  Jackson's  pen  is  worth 
inserting :  — 

The  old  chapel  had  been  the  School,  and  its  ministers  the  School- 
masters of  the  little  Community,  yet  when  separate  buildings  were 
erected  the  religious  office  of  the  teacher  did  not  altogether  cease,  for 
the  minister  of  the  new  church  paid  the  Schoolmaster  to  read  prayers. 
Richard  Cooper,  Schoolmaster,  was  buried  Sept.  9th  1694.  After  him 
I  believe  one  Jackson  held  the  office,  then  Peter  Farish  and  he  was 
succeeded  by  James  Farish.  The  latter  is  stated  to  have  officiated  at 
Burials.  The  Registers  by  their  writing  indicate  that  Francis  Yates 
was  waxing  old  and  assistance  had  become  necessary.  Christopher 
Bowerbank  M.A.  was  admitted  May.  14.  1718 ;  and  his  brief  Curacy 
closed  shortly  after  July  22.  1719.  James  Farish,  named  as  School- 
master, was  licensed  to  officiate  as  Deacon  at  Whitehaven  Oct.  3.  1718. 
I  believe  he  was  intended  to  officiate  at  Moresby  so  far  as  his  orders 
would  allow,  to  still  further  relieve  the  dying  man,  who  had  also  held 
that  living  from  1711  and  to  him  at  that  place  Farish  succeeded  when 
he  died.     He  was  buried  in  the  old  Churchyard  June  18.  1720.^ 

Christopher  Bowerbank  was  a  graduate  of  Queen's  College 
and  subsequently  became  Rector  of  Weyhill,  Hants,^ 

Robert  Loxham,  M.A.,  1720—1726. 

"  Considerable  litigation  followed,"  says  Mr.  Jackson, 
"  in  reference  to  the  next  appointment.  Robert  Loxham 
officiated  at  a  marriage  Oct.  27,  1720,  and  began  to  keep 
the  Registers  March  17,  1720-1.  He  had  been  appointed 
by  the  Bishop  to  officiate  during  the  vacancy  and  located 
in  the  Minister's  house  by  the  Trustees.  He  was  insti- 
tuted to  the  Rectory  of  Workington  Dec.  3,  1724,  but  he 
appears  to  have  had  charge  of  Whitehaven  until  1726."  ^ 

Feancis  Yates,  M.A.,  1726—1738. 

He  was  the  son  of  Francis  Yates  previously  mentioned, 
and  at  the  time  of  his  appointment  was  Curate  of  Disting- 
ton.  He  began  to  keep  the  Whitehaven  Registers  in 
1726.  ^ 

1.  Is  not  this  a  confusion  with  Peter  Farish  who  succeeded  Yates  at 
Moresby  (vide  p.  807)  ?  These  extracts  from  Mr.  Jackson's  paper  are 
slightly  epitomized. 

2.  AI.  Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  790  for  Loxham. 


Till.     ENXERDALE. 

This  is  about  six  miles  east  of  Cleator,  near  the  Lake  of 
that  name,  and  originally  was  part  of  the  extensive  Parish 
of  St.  Bees.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary;  and  the 
Registers  begin  in  1643,  being  in  loose  leaves  of  parch- 
ment, but  the  writing  is  easily  deciphered.  The  follow- 
ing names  of  persons  who  have  served  here  have  been 
discovered  :  — 

RiCHAKD    WiLLIAMSOX,    1645. 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 
Richard  sonn  of  Richard  Willyamson  Cleri  [Bapt  ?]  April  3.    1645. 

There  are  no  further  names  until  we  come  to  1674. 

Robert  Fisher,  1674. 

At  the  Bishop's  Yisitation  June  30,  1674,  he  is  named 
as  Curate  of  this  place.  He  signs  the  Transcripts  as 
Reader  in  1676,  and  was  certainly  here  in  1677.^ 

Joseph  Benn,  1680. 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 
Inchoatus  est  hie  Josephus  Benn  Ano.  Dom.   Burialles  1680. 
The  Benns  were  numerous  in  this  district;   but  few  of 
them  appear  in  the  Oxford  list  of  graduates.     A  person 
of  this  name  was  at  Brigg  in  1681. 

John  Nicholsox,  1690. 

The  Registers  again  give  the  following  :  — 
1690  Burialls  since  John  Nicholson  came  to  read  1690. 
Christnings  1690  since  John  Nicholson  was  Reader  heare. 

In  the  Presentments  for  1691  ,we  have  the  following  :  — 
Our  Minister  is  not  in  Orders  yet  but  he  hopes  to  get  them  shortly. 
He  signs  the  Transcripts  in  1694  as  Curate  and  was  here 
at  least  until  1698. 

Anthony  Nicholson,  1723 — 1761. 

He  was  admitted  "  pres.  [prayers]  et  Homilias  "  Oct.  18, 
1723. 
C.  Nicholson,  1761, 

He  was  admitted  on  the  death  of  Anthony  Nicholson. 

1.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 


IX.     CLEATOR. 

Cleator  is  a  few  miles  south  east  of  Whitehaven.  The 
Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Leonard  and  the  Registers 
begin  in  1572.  The  earliest  volume  is  in  parchment  and 
has  suffered  much  from  damp  and  age.  It  is  worn  away  at 
the  edges,  seriously  perforated  and  has  become  quite  soft 
and  pulpy;  but  in  the  main  the  writing  is  decipherable. 
The  following  is  copied  from  a  paper  inside,  which  is 
attributed  to  Jefferson;  but  if  it  is  his  work  he  has  not 
used  it  in  his  History : 

Register  Books  of  Cleator  (earlier  than  the  new  Registers  com- 
mencing with  1813). 

No.  1.  bap  bur.  niarr.   1572 — 1727   (Imperfect). 

No.  2.   (parchment)  bap.   bur.   1728—1808. 
Mar.   1728—1753. 

No.  3.  bap.  bur.  1809—1812. 

Nos.  4  &  5.  Mar.   1754—1812  (first  8  leaves  deficient). 

The  old  book  has  been  carefully  bound  with  parchment 
leaves  between  certain  portions.  The  first  part  consists 
of  three  leaves  containing  marriages  from  1648  to  1716. 
The  entries  are  few  and  mainly  in  the  same  hand.  On 
the  outside  of  these  three  leaves  is  the  following  :  — 
Marriages  from  1572—1698. 

This,  of  course,  cannot  apply  to  these  leaves.  The  next 
section  begins  thus  :  — 

Chrystenings  within  the  parish  of  Cleator  from  the  beginning  of 
April!  aboue  said  [a  little  writing  at  the  top  of  the  page  worn  away] 
Anno  Domini  1572  are  these  which   foUowe  videlicet. 

At  the  bottom  of  the  page  is  the  date  1577  together  with 
the  following :  — 

Concordat  with  veteri  libere  taceo  (?)  chartaceo. 

Among  the  testators  is  "  Guilielmus  Barne  Curatus 
Ecclesiae  parochialis  de  Cleator."  Several  pages  about 
here  are  almost  entirely  destroyed,  being  faded  and  per- 
forated, j^icolson  and  Burn  devote  only  a  few  lines  to 
this  place  and  say  nothing  about  the  Incumbents.     Jeffer- 


Cleator  8 1 7 

son  begins  with  John  Stamper  in  1728  and  Hutchinson 
has  no  names.  For  once  Whellan  appears  to  have  care- 
fully examined  the  Registers,  and  to  have  discovered  that 
the  Century  was  almost  entirely  occupied  by  two  men  of 
the  name  of  Barne,  father  and  son.  It  would  almost 
appear  that  the  digest  of  the  Registers  previously  noted 
was  Whellan's  work  rather  than  Jefferson's. 

William  Barne,  1609—1643. 

The  first  is  the  earliest  date  associated  with  his  name 
in  the  Registers.  It  is  to  his  painstaking  efforts  that  we 
are  indebted  for  the  preservation  of  the  early  ones,  as  we 
gather  from  what  has  already  been  stated.  Evidently  he 
made  a  copy  from  still  older  documents,  and  carefully 
collated  the  copy  with  the  original,  signing  each  page  as 
evidence  of  its  correctness.  Care  should  be  taken  about 
these  signatures  in  these  old  Registers.  They  do  not 
indicate  the  date  when  the  living  was  in  the  possession 
of  the  person  signing,  but  merely  that  the  document  is  an 
accurate  copy.^  Entries  relating  to  the  Barne  family 
are  as  follows  :  — 

Mabella  Barne  filia  Wilielmi  Barne  Clerici  Curati  De  Cleator  ij 
Die  Mensis  Aprilis  Baptizata  fuit  Anno  pdicto  1609. 

There  is  a  break  in  the  Registers  from  1610  to  1641. 
Then  we  have  the  following:  — 

Willielmus  Barne  filius  Willielmi  Barne  Curati  de  Cleator  Vicessima 
die  mensis  Junij  baptizatus  fuit  Anno  praedicto  1648. 

In  the  year  since  the  birth  of  Christ  1651  Jane  the  daughter  of 
William  Barne  was  baptized  the  fourth  day  of  Januarie.  In  the  year 
aboue  written  1651,   1651. 

In  the  year  one  thousand  six  hundred  fiftie  &  two  1652  Anne  the 
daughter  of  William  Barne  departed  this  life  Monday  the  fourteenth 
day  of  ^larch  in  the  same  yeare,  yeare  1652,  1652. 

In  the  year  since  the  birth  of  Christ  1653  John  Barne  the  son  ol 
WiUiam  Barne  of  Cleator  Rowe  in  the  yeare  aboue  written  was 
baptized  the  twentieth  &  fourth  day  of  Januarie.  1653. 

In  the  same  full  and  curious  way  we  have  noted  the 
baptisms  of  Thomas,  a  son,  on  Jan.  20,  1656,  Joseph,  Jan. 

1.  Vide  under  Dean,  p.  761. 


8i8  The    Ejected    of  1662 

2,  1659,  Elizabeth,  Aug.  31,  1662;  and  the  burial  of 
Thomas  Jan.  1,  1676.     Also:  — 

1625  EUena  Barne  filia  Willielmi  Bame  De  Cleator  xviij  die 

Mensis  Maij  Sepulta  fuit. 

William  Barne  died  in  1643  and  his  burial  entry  reads 
thus : — 

Willielmus  Barne  nuper  curatus  de  Cleator  vicessimo  die  mensis 
Novembris  Sepultus  fuit  Anno  p'dicto  1643,  1643. 

William  Barne,  1643—1699. 

He  was  ordained  Priest,  May  20,  1638,  by  Barnaby  of 
Carlisle,  and  appears  to  have  held  the  living  undisturbed 
during  the  changes  of  the  period.  He  is  given  as  licensed 
to  the  Curacy  here  on  July  6,  1665,  by  the  Bishop  of 
Chester,  subscribing  the  required  declaration  on  the  same 
day.  He  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Curate  at  the 
Bishop's  Visitation,  June  30,  1674,  and  died  in  1699.  His 
burial  entry  reads  thus  :  — 

Mr.  Wm.  Barne  bury'd  November  5th  '99. 

The  Transcripts  give  November  14th  as  the  date  of  burial. 
The  Will  of  Francis  Patrickson  of  Stockhow  in  the  Parish 
of  Lamplugh,  dated  June  20,  1669,  is  witnessed  among 
others  by  William  Barne. 

The  following  interesting  entries  also  belong  to  this 
period :  — 

Agneta  Hunter  quondam  uxor  Gulielmi  Barne  de  Cleator  defuncti 
sed  nup  uxor  Eichardi  Hunter  de  Drigg  xvj  die  Junij  pdic.  sepulta 
fuit  apud  Drigg  Annoq.  pdicto  1662. 

7  of  March  ut  ante  [1676^]  was  Joseph  the  son  of  Edward  Benn  of 
Hensingham  buried  at  Cleator  but  no  minist«riall  duty  pformed  1681 
[probably  date  of  entry]. 

The  twentie  sixt  of  the  said  month  [not  given]  were  Anthony  Benn 
of  Crosfield  and  Bridgett  his  wife  buried  and  the  duty  pformed  by 
William  Antrobus  Curate  at  St.  Johns  1682. 

Thomas  Benn,  1699. 

The  Transcripts  give  the  following :  — 
Cleator  :  1697. 

Yt   Thos.    Benn    our    Reader    is    not    in    holy   orders    nor    duly 


Cleator  819 

qualifyed    according   to   Law   we   presnt   Tho.    Benn   our   reader   for 
teaching  Schoole  without  License  ye  reason  is  he  is  but  lately  come.' 

Probably  Benn  was  assisting  William  Barne  before  his 
death,  who  would  be  an  old  man.  He  signs  the  Tran- 
scripts occasionally  about  this  time,  and  appears  as  Curate 
in  the  Chester  Act  Book  in  1701. 

Richard  Jackson,  1702. 

He  signs  as  Minister  in  this  year,  and  is  probably  the 
St.  Bees  Schoolmaster. ^  He  was  appointed  on  Benn's 
resignation.^ 

C.  Noble,  1705. 

He  was  appointed  on  the  resignation  of  Jackson. 

W.  Key,  1717.4 

John  Kirkby,  1723. 

Ordained  Deacon  Oct.  18,  1723, 

John  Stamper,  1728, 

On  the  occasion  of  a  visit  to  Ennerdale,  the  Yicar 
brought  out  a  small  packet  of  documents,  in  a  very 
dilapidated  condition.  They  at  once  suggested  the 
Cleator  Registers.  They  were  in  the  same  soft,  pulpy 
state,  were  similarly  perforated  and  stained;  and  on 
examination  proved  to  be  some  of  the  early  Cleator 
marriage  Registers.  They  go  back  to,  at  least,  1573,  and 
are  attested  in  the  same  way  as  those  of  Cleator  by,  among 
others,  "  Willielmus  Barne  Curatus  de  Cleator."  They 
are  in  an  even  worse  condition  than  the  Cleator  ones ;  and 
the  utmost  care  will  be  required  if  they  are  not  to  perish 
in  the  handling.  Something  should  be  done  with  a  view 
to  their  preservation, 

1.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 

2.  Vide  p.  783. 

3.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

4.  Ibid. 


X.     EGREMOXT. 

This  growing  town ,  pleasantly  situated  some  three 
miles  from  the  Irish  Sea,  and  about  half  a  dozen  south 
-east  of  Whitehaven,  has  for  its  Parish  Church  an  old 
foundation  dating  back  probably  to  Saxon  times.  It  is 
dedicated  to  St.  Mary  with  St.  John.  The  first  Register 
Book  is  an  oblong  volume  in  parchment;  it  is  in  fair 
condition,  and  the  writing  is  good.  The  entries  begin 
in  1630;  they  are  full  and  continue  through  the  Common- 
wealth period.  The  County  Histories  make  no  attempt 
at  any  list  of  Incumbents  but  the  following  is  tolerably 
complete  for  the  period  with  which  we  are  concerned. 
The  authority  is  largely  "  The  Act  Book "  (Chester 
Registry). 

E.  Pendleton,  1534. 

The  vacancy  was  caused  by  the  death  of  the  last 
Incumbent. 

R.  Newsom,  1569. 

T.  Calvert,  1569. 

He  was  instituted  Oct.  28,  1569,  on  the  death  of  R. 
IS^ewsom.  A  person  of  this  name  appears  at  Moresby  in 
1585.1 

John  Fleming,  M.A.,  1570—1575. 

He  was  instituted  Jan.  25,  1570.  A  person  of  this  name 
was  an  Oxford  graduate  in  1539. ^ 

T.  Scott,  1575. 

The  Act  Book  gives  this  name  and  the  date  of  Institu- 
tion is  said  to  be  July  15th,  1575,  the  vacancy  being  due 
io  the  resignation  of  Fleming. 

1.  Vide  p.  805. 

2.  AI.  Ox. 


k 


Egremont  821 

B.  Thompson,  M.A.,  1576—1581. 

The  first  is  the  date  of  the  Bond  which  he  gave  as 
Minister.  The  vacancy  here  also  is  said  to  have  been 
caused  by  the  deprivation  or  resignation  of  John  Fleming, 
March,  1575-6. 

William  Antrobus,  1581—1622. 

He  was  instituted  Aug.  8,  1581,  the  vacancy  having 
been  caused  by  the  resignation  of  R.  Thompson.  The 
Egremont  Rectors  were  Governors  of  the  St.  Bees  Gram- 
mar School,  and  in  the  Registers  of  that  School  the  dates 
of  his  first  and  last  attendances  respectively  are  Jan.  13, 
1585,  and  Oct.  22,  1622.^ 

Isaac  Antrobus,    1622 — 1646. 

He  was  instituted  Jan.  15,  1622,  on  a  Presentation  by 
"Will  Antrobus  hac  vice  Patronus."  There  was,  however, 
a  second  Presentation  on  July  27,  1628,  by  the  King  "  p 
lapsum."  Probably  he  was  the  son  of  William  Antrobus, 
his  Patron  and  predecessor.  In  Hudson's  letter  previously 
named  ^  he  is  referred  to  as  the  "younge  gallant,  the  Parson 
of  Egremont,"  who  is  too  "  proude  to-  joine  with  us  [as 
Governors]  until  your  worship  come  yourself."  It  will 
be  convenient  at  this  point  to  give  the  Antrobus  entries 
as  they  appear  in  the  Registers  :  ■ — 

1631  Isaac  Antrobus  sonne  of  Mr.  Isaac  Antrobiis  was  baptized  the 
xxvij  th  day  of  November. 

1638  Pattricius  Antrobus  sonne  of  William  Antrobus  of  Towne  was 
Baptized  the  xxij  day  of  Januarie. 

Liddia  Antrobus  daughter  of  Mr.  Isa,ac  Antrobus  of  Towne  was 
baptized  the  xxiij  daie  of  ffebruarie  [1639-40]. 

Eddleston  (?)  Antrobus  Son  of  Wm  Antrobus  was  baptized  the  13 
day  of  December  1641. 

Jonathan  Antrobus  son  of  Isaac  Antrobus  parson  of  Egremonte 
borne  the  17th  of  July  &  baptized  the  14  of  August  1642. 

"  Mr.  Antrobus  of  Egremont  "  appears  among  the  con- 
tributors to  the  Carlisle  garrison  in  1644  to  the  extent  of 
£1  10  0.3 

1.  The  Grammar  School  of  St.  Bees,  by  Wm.  Jackson,  F.S.A.,  p.  54. 

2.  Vide  p.  791.  . 

3.  Vide  p.  134. 


822  The   Ejected   of  1662 

It  is  difficult  to  trace  with  accuracy  the  story  of 
Isaac  Antrobus.  His  first  appearance  in  the  Eegister 
of  the  St.  Bees  Grammar  School  was  on  Jan.  1,  1630,  and 
his  last  on  April  22,  1638.  By  this  time,  however,  there 
had  come  upon  the  scene  Theophilus  Polewheele.  The 
Egremont  Registers  have  the  following  :  — • 

1635  Otho  Pooleweele  the  Sonne  of  Mr.  Otho  Poo.  .  .  was  baptized 

the  XX vj  daie  of  May. 

Otho  Poolewheele  the  Sonne  of  Mr.   Otho  Pooleweale  was  buried 

the  xth  day  of  June  1639. 

Undoubtedly  this  refers  to  the  Minister  of  that  name 
with  whom  we  have  met  at  Kirkbampton  and  Carlisle ;  ^ 
and  what  led  to  his  being  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Egre- 
mont is  not  clear.  It  would  seem  that  he  was  resident 
there  for  three  or  four  years;  and  the  date  of  the  second 
entry  fits  in  well  with  that  of  his  removal  to  Kirkbampton. 
He  appears  also  as  an  "  elected  "  Governor  of  the  Gram- 
mar School  April  11,  1637;  and  during  this  period  Isaac 
Antrobus  is  described  in  the  Egremont  Registers  as  of 
the  "  Towne."  One  of  the  charges  against  Antrobus,  to 
be  noted  presently,  was  that  of  not  preaching,  and  the 
presence  of  Theophilus  Polewheele  suggests  that  either  as 
Curate,  or  in  some  other  capacity,  he  was  doing  the  work 
which  was  left  undone  by  the  wealthy  Rector.  Later,  in 
1647,  Isaac  Antrobus  was  sequestered,  though  Walker 
does  not  note  the  fact.  The  Registers,  however,  suggest 
as  much  by  his  reappearance  at  the  Restoration,  while  the 
following  documents  are  decisive  :  — 

Egremont.  Nov.  2.  1646. 

This  Comittee  doe  appoint  to  take  into  Consideracon  ye  Cause 
upon  the  Articles  &  examinacons  transmitted  from  the  Comittee  of 
pliamt  for  the  Countie  of  Cumberland  betweene  Isaac  Antrobus 
Minister  of  Egremont  in  ye  said  Countie  &  the  pishioners  thereof  on 
the  third  day  of  December  next  ensueinge  whereof  the  sd  Mr. 
Antrobus  is  to  have  Convenient  notice. 

Egremont.  December  3.  1646. 

It  is  ordered  that  the  Cause  Concerning  Mr.  Antrobus  Minister  of 
Egremont  in  the  Countie  of  Cumberland  be  deferred  till  Tuesday  next 

1.  Vide  pp.  145,  606. 


Egremont  823 

at  wch  tyme  the  Comittee  doe  appoint  pemtorlie  to  heare   the   said 

Cause  ffirst. 

Egremont.  Dec.  10.  1646. 

The  Cause  concerning  Mr.  Antrobus  minister  of  Egremont  in  the 
County  of  Cumberland  comeing  to  heareing  this  day  for  that  he  hath 
made  no  Answere  nor  defence  nor  examined  any  witnesses  in  the  Said 
Cause  It  is  therefore  ordered  that  he  shall  have  liberty  &  two  months 
time  to  make  his  Answere  &  defense  to  the  matters  transmitted  agst 
him  before  the  Comittee  of  pliamt  for  the  said  County  who  trans- 
mitted the  said  Cause  who  are  desired  to  take  the  said  Mr.  Antrobus 
his  answere  to  the  said  Articles  &  call  before  them  and  examine  such 
witnesses  as  he  shall  pduce  for  proof e  thereof  And  this  Comittee  doe 
espescially  recomend  it  to  the  Care  of  the  said  Comittee  to  give  him 
a  legall  &  deliberat  heareing  in  his  said  defence  and  to  certifie  the 
said  Answere  and  examinacons  by  the  ninth  day  of  ffebruary  next- 
Egremont.  Dec.  14.  1646. 

Upon  the  humble  peticon  of  the  Inhabitants  of  Egremont  in  the 
County  of  Cumberland  It  is  ordered  that  the  Comittee  of  pliamt  for 
the  said  County  doe  agree  to  call  before  them  and  examine  what 
further  witnesses  shall  be  pduced  for  pofe  [proof]  of  the  Articl'»« 
exhibited  against  Isack  Antrobus  rector  of  Egremont  aforesaid  as  in 
the  said  Mr.  Antrobus  his  defence  togeather  with  the  credit  of  the 
witnesses  on  both  sides  &  to  certifie  the  whole  cause  to  this  Comittee 
by  the  third  day  of  ffebruary  next  And  this  Comittee  doe  appoint  to 
heare  the  said  Cause  on  the  ninth  day  of  ffebr  next  according  to 
former  order  of  this  Comittee. 
Egremont.  ii  Janr.   1646. 

It  is  ordered  yt  ^Ir.  Antrobus  minister  of  Egremont  in  ye  County 
of  Cumberland  shall  have  further  tyme  to  make  his  defence  to  ye 
matters  agt  him  and  exane  his  witnesses  before  ye  Comittee  of 
Parliamt  for  ye  sd  County  or  any  three  of  them  and  pcure  ye  same  to 
be  certyfyed  to  this  Comittee  according  to  ye  order  of  10th  November 
last  till  ye  23  day  of  March  next  ensueing  ye  sd  Mr.  Antrobus  giveing 
notice  to  ye  psecutors  of  ye  sd  Cause  agt  him  to  ye  intent  their 
attendance  on  the  Comittee  on  ye  9th  of  ffebr  next  may  be  pvented. 
Egremond.  April  6.  1647. 

It  is  ordered  that  the  Cause  concerning  Mr.  Antrobus  Eector  of 
Egremond  in  the  Countie  of  Cumberland  be  heard  on  Tuesday  next. 
Egremond.  April  13.  1647. 

Upon  heareing  the  Cause  concerninge  Mr.  Antrobus  minister  of 
Egremond  in  the  Countie  of  Cvunberland  It  appeareth  yt  the  said  Mr. 
Antrobus  is  a  comon  frequenter  of  Alehouses  and  hath  beene  scene 
sevrall  times  drunke  &  hath  expressed  greate  malignancy  against  the 
pliamt  profering  Sr  Chresto  Lowther  a  Colonell  in  the  Kings  Armie 
to  serve  as  an  officer  under  him    pcuring  divers  of  his  pishioners  to  be 

d 


824  The   Ejected   of  1662 

listed  for  service  under  the  said  Sr  Chrestopher  Lowther  against  the 

pliamt  It  is  therefore  ordered  that  the  rectory  of  Egremond  aforesaid 

and  the  profitts  thereof  shall  from  henceforth  stand  sequestred  from 

him  the   said   Mr.  Antrobus  to  the   use  of  some  godly   &  orthodox 

Divine. 

Egremont.  April  22  1647. 

Whereas  the  Rectorie  of  the  pish  Church  of  Egremont  in  the 
Countie  of  Cumberland  is  sequestred  from  Isaac  Antrobus  by  order 
of  this  Comittee  It  is  ordered  that  the  sd  Rectorie  doe  from  hence- 
forth stand  Sequestred  to  the  use  of  Henry  Dickenson  a  godly  & 
orthodox  divine  &  that  he  doe  forthwith  officiate  the  Cure  of  the  sd 
Church  as  Rector  &"  preach  diligently  &c.* 

Lilly,  in  his  "  History  of  his  Life  and  Times  written 
by  Himself,  &c."  (London,  1721),-  gives  much  interesting 
information  in  relation  to  this  case.  The  passage  is 
wondrously  illuminating  in  many  respects,  among  other 
things,  showing  how  the  central  authorities  sought  to  hold 
local  agents  in  check  in  various  parts  of  the  country. 
William  Pennington  was  the  representative  of  one  of  the 
chief  families  in  this  district.  Lilly  speaks  of  him  as 
his  friend,  and  this  is  what  he  says  about  the  service, 
which,  because  of  his  knowledge  of  the  "  occult  sciences," 
he  was  able  to  render  him :  — 

He.  [Pennington]  was  extreamly  abused  by  one  Isaac  Antrobus 
Parson  of  Egremont,  a  most  evil  Liver,  bold,  and  very  rich ;  at  last 
he  [Pennington]  procured  a  Minister  of  that  County,  in  hope  of  the 
Parsonage,  to  Article  against  him  in  London  before  the  Committee  of 
plundered  Ministers.  I  was  once  more  invited  to  sollicit  against 
Antrobus  which  I  did  upon  three  or  more  Articles : 
1.  That  Antrobus  baptized  a  Cock,  called  him  Peter. 
2  &  3.  [Charges  of  immorality  not  fit  to  print]. 

4.  Being  a  Continual  Drunkard. 

5.  He  never  preached  &c. 

Antrobus  was  now  a  Great  Champion  for  the  Parliament ;  but ,  at 
the  Day  of  Hearing,  I  had  procured  abundance  of  my  Friends  to  be 
there ;  for  the  Godly,  as  they  termed  themselves  sided  with  him,  the 
present  Master  of  the  Rolls  was  Chairman  that  Day,  Sir  Harbottle 
Grimston,  who  hearing  the  Foulness  of  the  Cause  was  very  much 
ashamed  thereof.  I  remember  Antrobus  being  there,  pleaded  he  was 
in  his  unnatural  Condition  when  he  acted  so  ungraciously. 

1.  All  the  foregoing  are  from  the  Bodl.   MS.,  324. 

2.  A  copy  is  in  the  Rylands  Library,  Manchester. 


Egremont  825 

Charged  by  the  Chairman  with  immoral  conduct  Antrobus 
said :  — 

"  There's  no  Proof  of  that."  "  None  but  your  own  Confession," 
said  the  Chairman,  "  nor  could  any  tell  so  well. "  "  I  am  not  given  to 
Drunkenness  (quoth  he)."  "He  was  so  drunk  within  this  Fortnight 
(quoth  I)  he  reeled  from  one  side  of  the  street  to  the  other  :  heres 
with  Witness  to  prove  it"  :  who  presently,  before  the  Committee  being 
sworn,  made  it  good,  and  named  the  Place  and  Street  where  he  was 
drunk.  So  he  was  adjudged  Scandalous  and  outed  of  his  Benefice, 
and  our  Minister  had  the  Parsonage. 

You  cannot  imagine  how  much  the  Routing  of  this  drunken  Parson 
pleased  Mr.  Pennington  who  paid  all  Charges  munificently  and 
thankfully. 

But  now  follows  the  last  and  greatest  kindness  1  ever  did  him ; 
notwithstanding  the  Committee  for  Sequestrations  in  Cumberland  were 
his  very  good  Friends,  yt  the  Sub- Sequestrators  of  their  own  Heads 
and  without  Order  and  by  Strength  of  Arms,  secured  his  Iron,  his 
wood,  and  so  much  of  his  Personal  Estate  as  was  valued  at  70001. 
Now  had  I  Complaint  upon  Complaint.  Would  I  suffer  my  old  Friend 
to  be  thus  abused  ?  it  was  in  my  Power  to  free  him  from  these  villains. 

I  hereupon  advised  what  was  best  to  do  and  was  counselled  to  get 
Mr.  Speaker  Lenthall's  Letter  to  the  Sub -Sequestrators  and  Command 
them  to  be  obedient  to  the  Committee  of  the  County. 

Wherefore  I  framed  a  Letter  of  my  self  unto  the  Sub- Sequestrators 
directed,  and  with  it  my  self  and  Mr.  Laurence  Magdwell  (whom 
your  self  will  know)  went  to  Mr.  Speaker  unto  whom  we  sufficiently 
related  the  stubborness  of  the  officers  of  Cumberland ;  their  Disobedi- 
ence to  the  Committee ;  and  then  shewed  him  the  Letter,  which  when 
he  had  read  over  he  most  Courteously  signed,  adding  withal,  that  if 
they  proceeded  further  in  Sequestring  Mr.  Pennington,  he  would 
Command  a  Sergeant  at  Arms  to  bring  them  up  to  answer  their 
Contempt ;  I  immediately  posted  that  Letter  to  my  Friend,  which 
when  the  absurd  Fellows  received,  they  delivered  him  Possession  of 
his  goods  again ;  and,  for  my  Pains  when  he  came  to  London  gave 
me  one  hundred  Pounds ;  He  died  in  1652  of  a  violent  Fever. 

Henry  Masy,  in  his  letters  to  Lord  Wharton,  gives 
Antrobus  a  character  quite  in  harmony  with  that  assigned 
to  him  by  Lilly.^  Evidently  at  this  time  he  was  trying 
to  curry  favour  with  the  Parliamentary  party.  This 
probably  is  the  person  also,  who  appears  in  connection 
with  the  Sequestration  trouble  at  Torpenhow  in  1646,  and 
whom  Musgrave  in  Jan,  1649,  names  as  one,  among  others, 

1.  Vide  p.  911. 


826  The   Ejected    of  1662 

willing  to  attest  the  truth  of  the  charges  which  he  brought 
against  Sir  Arthur  Haselrig  and  others,  i 

Heney  Dickenson,  1646. 

He  is  the  Minister  referred  to  in  the  passage  from 
Lilly  just  cited,  who  replaced  Isaac  Antrobus.  He  was 
the  son  of  John  Dickenson  of  Eskdale,  and  received  his 
early  training  at  St.  Bees  School  under  Francis  Radcliffe, 
going  thence  to  Caius  College,  Cambridge.  The  first  date 
against  his  name  in  the  Grammar  School  Register  as 
Governor  is  April  30,  1645 ;  but  he  could  hardly  be  Rector 
at  this  time,  and  the  following  shows  that  his  case  was 
not  definitely  settled  for  some  time  after :  — 

Egremont.  April  22  1647. 

Referred  Henry  Dickenson  minister  &c  to  the  assembly  for  the 
Cure  of  Egremont  Com.  Cumberland.  2 

The   Registers  give  the  following :  — 

Katherin  the  daughter  of  Henry  Dickinson  Rector  of  Egremond 
was  Baptized  August  ye  first  1647. 

Patricius  the  sone  of  Henry  Dickinson  minister  of  Egremond  was 
Baptized  August  the  thirtye  One  thousand  sex  hudreth  &  fiftie. 

Henrie  the  sonne  of  Henrie  Dickinson  [next  words  rubbed  out]  of 
Egremond  buried  the  xxvith  of  March  1659. 

The  Will  of  Anthony  Patrickson,  of  Newhouse,  in  the 
Parish  of  St.  Bees,  dated  March  5,  1648,  of  which  Probate 
was  granted  March  30,  1649,  is  witnessed  by  Henry 
Dickenson  "  Cler." 

Matters  did  not  go  smoothly  with  him  as  we  gather 
from  the  following  Petition  :  — 
'56 
12  Aug.  Henry  Dickenson. 

That  he  was  placed  in  the  parsonage  of  Egremond  i  Set 
uppon   the   eiection   of  Isaac   Antrobus   for   scandall  '■  Aside 
and   malignancy    he   was    eiected    by  the    Comrs  of 
Cumberland  for  insufficiency  j 

prayes  he  may  be  referred  to  the  Comrs  at  Whitehall  for  appbacon 
the   inhabitants  desiring  his   Continuance. 

Sevrall  Certiffts  of  his  Convsacon  are  annexed  to  his  peticon.3 

1.  Vide  p.  621. 

2.  Bodl.  MS.,  324. 

3.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Inter.  I.  93,  p.  13. 


Egremont  827 

The  Petition  does  not  seem  to  have  been  successful,  and 
Henry  Dickenson  would  appear  to  have  shared  the  fate 
of  his  predecessor.  At  any  rate  shortly  afterwards  he 
was  gone.  The  last  date  against  his  name  in  the  Gram- 
mar School  Registers  is  April  22,  1657;  and  in  1658,  John 
Bird  comes  upon  the  scene. 

John  Bird,  1658— 1660  (?). 

This  name  does  not  appear  in  Mr.  Jackson's  list  of 
Rectors;^  but  his  appointment  is  referred  to  in  the  follow- 
ing documents  :  — 

Egremond  in        Mr.   John  Bird.     Admitted  the  29th  day  of  October 
ye  County  of   1658  to  ye  E.  of  Egremond  in  the  County  of  Cumber- 
Cumberland,     land.       Upon  a   pres.    exhib.    the   same  day   from   his 
Highnes  the   Lord   Protector  under   his   Seal   Manuall 
And  Certificat.  from  Rich.  Gilpin,  Tim.  TuUye,  Roger 
Baldwin,  Comfort  Starr,  &c.^ 

That  John  Bird  was  here  also  in  1660  is  clear  from  the 
fact  that  George  Larkham  preached  for  him  in  April  of 
that  year.  "  April  28,  1660,"  says  he,  "  I  went  towards 
Egremont  to  preach  for  Mr.  Bird.  The  next  day  I 
preached  there  accordingly."  ^  The  following  is  still 
further  confirmatory :  — 

ffeb.  the  27.   1657-8  collected  for  the  Releife  of  4  famillies  whome 

had  their  houses  &  Shoopes  borne  downe  to  the  ground  on  the  10th 

day  of  July  1657.  4 

The  Minister  signing  is  John   Bird,   and  the  following 
notes  the  baptism  of  a  daughter.^ 

Chrestning  1659. 

Ann  The  Daughter  of  John  Birde  minister  was  borne  att  the 
parsonage  of  Egermond  the  27th  day  of  Aprill  and  was  baptized  the 
first  Day  of  Maij.  5 

Take  also  the  following  which  shows  that  Isaac  Antrobus 

1.  The  Grammar  School  of  St.  Bees,  p.  54. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  999. 

3.  Lewis's  Hist.,  p.  145. 

4.  Parish  Registers. 

5.  Ihid. 


828  The    Ejected   of  1662 

was  still  in  the  neighbourhood  and  troublesome  :  — "John 
Bird  of  Egremont '  Cleark '  gets  a  warrant  of  peace  on  May 
31st,  1659,  against  Isack  Antrobus,  John  Thompson, 
Henry  Walker  and  Nicholas  Bragg  " ;  and  on  "  June  2nd 
Isak  Antrobus  gets  a  warrant  against  John  Bird."  Mr. 
Jackson  has  taken  these  facts  from  the  Diary  of  Wm. 
Thomson  of  Thornflat,  Justice  of  the  Peace  during  the 
Commonwealth,  the  document  being  still  preserved  in  the 
family.  ^    The  Drigg  Registers  note  his  burial  thus  :  — 

William  Thomson  of  Thornflat  was  buried  on  the  3rd.  day  of  April 
1670. 

John  Bird's  troubles  were  not  yet  at  an  end.  In  all 
probability  he  had  to  retire  at  the  Restoration;  and  we 
next  find  him  at  Great  Orton,  where  he  seems  to  have 
suffered  Ejection  again.  - 

—  Halsell,  1662. 

This  name  follows  that  of  Henry  Dickenson  in  the  St. 
Bees  list  given  by  Mr.  Jackson,  and  against  it  appears  the 
following: — "No  attendance,  ejected  in  1662  for  non- 
conformity." Mr.  Jackson  has,  of  course,  taken  this  from 
Calamy.  Both  Calamy  and  Palmer  give  the  name  in 
connection  with  Egremont  as  representing  an  Ejected 
Minister  and  add — "  an  Antinomian."  Beyond  that  no 
information  about  him  is  supplied,  not  even  to  the  extent 
of  his  Christian  name.  There  is,  however,  reason  to 
regard  the  insertion  of  the  name  as  an  error.  The 
presence  of  John  Bird  here  from  1658  to,  at  least,  1660, 
leaves  no  room  for  Halsell. 

Isaac  Antrobus,  1663 — 1672. 

These  are  the  dates  of  his  reappearance  in  the  Egremont 
Parish  Registers :  in  the  St.  Bees  School  Register  his 
name  does  not  occur  after  the  Restoration.  In  all  proba- 
bility,  however,  he  returned  to  his  living  at  Egremont 

1.  The  Mesne  Manor  of  Thornflatt,  by  W.  Jackson,  p.  48. 

2.  Vide  p.  231. 


Egremont  829 

much  before  1663.     He  died  in  1672,  and  his  burial  entry 
reads  thus  :  — - 

Burials  1672. 

Isaac  Antrobus  parson  of  Egremont  died  the  3  day  of  December  and 
was  Buried  the  5th. 

RicHAED  TicKELL,  M.A.,  1673—1692. 

He  was  instituted  March  3,  1672-3,  on  the  death  of 
Isaac  Antrobus,  and  compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  the 
same  year.  The  mandate  for  his  Induction,  dated  June 
7,  1673,  which  took  place  five  days  afterwards,  is  endorsed 
"  Rich.  Hutton  Rector  de  Bootle  et  Guil.  Antrobus  Curat 
of  St.  John's  and  St.  Bridgetts."  The  Registers  give  the 
following  :  — 

Isabella  ye  daughter  of  Mr.  Richard  Tickell  was  bom  January  5. 
baptized  ye  20  1674/5. 

1677  Thomas  ye  son  of  Mr.  Rich  Tickell  was  bapt.  Sept  ye  5th. 

During  this  period  he  held  the  living  of  Bridekirk  ^  also, 
and  had  as  Curate,  in  1683,  John  Collinson.  He  subse- 
quently had  Distington^  as  well  as  Egremont.  There  was 
for  some  reason  a  second  Institution  on  Nov.  20,  1685,^ 
the  Presentation  being  made  by  Charles,  the  Duke  of 
Somerset  and  his  wife.  Richard  Tickell  appeared  and 
exhibited  before  the  Bishop,  June  30,  1674,  on  the  occa- 
sion of  his  Visitation,  Gabriel  Williamson  doing  the  same 
as  "  Ludimagister,"  to  which  position  he  was  appointed 
Nov.  20,  1665.  The  following  will  of  course  refer  to 
Tickell :  — 
Egremont  :   1692. 

house  of  our  minister  is  in  good  repair  but  ye  barn  stands  in  need 
of  mending  and  he  intends  to  have  it  done  accordingly  at  all 
Convenient  speed  .  .  .  paper  book  for  names  of  strangers  who  preach. 
Our  Curate  has  another  ecclesiastical  benefice  but  he  is  generally 
resident  among  us,  and  doth  preach  every  Lord's  day  having  no 
lawfuU  impediment  ...  he  diligently  instructs  ye  youth  in  ye 
Church  catechism.  We  have  no  Popish  recessants.  He  never 
refuseth  to  visit  ye  sick  or  bury  ye  dead ;  nor  does  he  delay  ye 
baptism  of  infants   in    danger   of   death.     We  know  not  any   person 

1.  Vide  p.  721. 

2.  Vide  p.  802. 

3.  So  the  Institution  Book,  but  the  Act  Book  gives  Jan.  23.  1685/6. 


830  The   Ejected   of  1662 

unbaptized  in  our  pish  through  our  Minister's  default  .  .  .  He  is  a 
man  of  a  studious  unblameable  &  exemplary  life,  no  frequenter  of 
Taverns  or  ale-houses,  no  comon  gamester  no  swearer  railer  or 
Quarreller,  he  is  no  intemperate  drinker  nor  suspected  of  incontin- 
ency;  his  apparrel  is  grave  &  decent  .  .  .  There  are  no  psons  wthin 
our  pish  who  under  prtence  of  Liberty  of  Conscience  wholly  neglect  all 
publick  worship.     There  is  a  Licensed  Dissenting  Preacher,  i 

Henry  Ogle,  M.A.,  1700. 

He  was  instituted  Sept.  30,  1692,  on  the  same  Presenta- 
tion, the  vacancy  being  caused  by  the  death  of  Richard 
Tickell.  The  Registers  give  the  following  information 
respecting  him  :  — 

Henricus  Ogle  Kector  de  Egremond  natus  fuit  Imo  die  Januarij  et 

Baptizatus  lOmo  die  ejusdem  Mensis  Rothburiae  in  Com.   Northum- 

briae  Anno  Aerae  Xtianae  1668. 
The  Registers  also  state  that  he  was  here  in  1697-8  when 
he  was  "Aetatis  suae  28."     The  Presentments  for  1699 
say :  — "  Parson  not  resident  among  us  so  he  keeps  us  a 
Curate."  2 

Thomas  RoBiNsoisr,  1700 — 1737. 

He  was  instituted  June  26,  1700,  on  the  resignation  of 
Henry  Ogle.  The  Registers  supply  us  with  the  following 
information  about  him  :  — 

Thomas  Robinson  Rector  of  Egremd  was  Baptized  in  Ousby  Chr. 

in  ye  County  of  Cumberland  September  the  13th  day  1672. 
His  father  was  Minister  at  Ousby  from   1672  to   1719.^ 
Thomas   Robinson,   junior,   remained   at   Egremont   until 
his  death  in  1737.     His  burial  entry,  and  that  of  his  wife 
who  survived  him  only  a  month,  read  thus :  — 

Burialls  1737  April  30.  Mr.  Thomas  Robinson  Rector  of  Egremond. 

May  28    Mrs    Sarah   Robinson    widow  of    Mr.    Thos.   Robinson   late 

Rector   of  Egremond. 

He  had  as  Curat«,  Anthony  Davies,  who,  according  to  the 
Registers,  was  married  by  Charles  Noble  at  "  ye  Parish 
Church  of  St.  Bridget  Feb.  ye  6,  171^15."  Anthony 
Davies  "  Clerk  de  Egremond  Entred  of  ye  place  July  ye 
13th  1715  &  ye  Steeple  was  Rebuilded  in  1716."* 

1.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 

2.  Ibid.  ;  also  vide  p.  1367. 

3.  Vide  p.  389. 

4.  Parish  Registers. 


XI.     HAILE. 

This  is  a  very  sequestered  place,  some  four  miles  south 
east  of  Egremont.  The  Church  stands  in  a  hollow  with- 
out a  house  near,  and  its  dedication  is  unknown.  The  first 
volume  of  the  B-egisters  is  in  parchment  and  begins  with 
1544.  It  consists  of  baptisms,  marriages  and  burials,  and 
goes  up  to  1711.  Many  of  its  pages  have  been  mutilated  by 
damp  and  time;  but  the  writing  in  most  cases  is  legible. 
The  marriages  do  not  seem  to  go  beyond  the  17th  Century. 
The  following  imperfect  list  of  Incumbents  has  been 
obtained :  — 

William  Wilson,  1657^ — 1674. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  by  Richard  of  Carlisle  June  8, 
1623,  his  license  to  the  Curacy  here  being  accepted  by 
the  Archbishop  of  York,  Oct.  16,  1662.  The  Registers 
give  the  marriages  for  1657  to  1659  as  performed  by  "  me 
William  Wilson  minister " ;  and  his  own  burial  entry 
reads  thus :  — 

1674  Will  Wilson  Gierke  was  buried  the  16th  of  the  same  [January]. 

On  the  30th  of  June  previously  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation 
he  appeared  and  exhibited.  This  covers  the  Restoration 
period;  and  it  would  seem  that  no  change  of  any  kind 
was  effected  by  it. 

T.  Parker,  1677. 

Thomas  Milker,  1684. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Sept.  18,  1681,  Priest  23, 
1683,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Cures  of  Ponsonby  and 
Haile  June  5,  1684.  From  this  time  onward  through  a 
long  series  of  years  the  tAvo  livings  were  held  together. 
Milner  signs  the  Transcripts  as  Curate  in  1691,  and  was 
buried  "  Jan.  ye  11,  1701."  ^ 

T.  Benn,  1701.2 

1.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 

2.  Vide  p.  834. 


832  The    Ejected   of  1662 

N.  EoGERs,  1702. 

R.  Jackson,  1702-5. 

Doubtless  the  person  of  that  name  who  was  at  St.  Bees, 
&c.  1 

John  Parker,  1705. 

On  the  resignation  of  E.  Jackson.  He  signs  as  Curate 
in  this  year.  A  person  of  this  name  was  at  Raughton 
Head  in  1732.2 

Joseph  Thompson,  1715. 

He  signs  as  Curate  in  this  year. 

Wm.  Eumney,  1720. 

On  the  resignation  of  Potter. 

T.  Parker,  1721. 

George  Cannell,  1722 — 1778. 

He  was  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  and  was  "  so  expert 
a  mathematician,  that  after  he  became  blind  he  could 
have  solved  any  problem  in  Euclid.  He  performed  the 
duties  of  his  church  and  taught  a  school  in  the  parish  for 
many  years  after  he  lost  his  sight."  ^  He  had  Stephen 
Eeay  as  his  Curate.  Cannell  signs  the  Transcripts  as 
Curate  in  1722  and  for  many  years  afterwards  his  name 
appears  at  intervals.  His  burial  entry  reads  thus:  — 
1778  George  Cannall  Minister  of  Haile  from  Egremont  died  Aprill 

17th  buried  19th  in  the  Church  yard  aged  80  years.     Distemper  Decay 

of  nature. 

J.  Waite,  1779. 

On  the  death  of  Cannell. 


1.  Vide  p.  783. 

2.  Vide  p.  505. 

3.  Hutchinson,  vol.  i,  p.  592. 


XII.  BECKERMET  AND  CALDERBRIDGE. 

Beckermet  often  appears  as  St.  John's,  and  is  a  few 
miles  south  of  Egremont.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to 
St.  John  the  Baptist.  The  Eegisters  are  not  earlier  than 
1733.  Along  with  it  went  the  Chapel  at  Calderbridge, 
dedicated  to  St.  Bridget  which  gave  the  name  to  the  place. 
The  Registers  at  the  latter  place  begin  in  1687,  the 
earliest  volume  consisting  of  twenty  two  loose  leaves  of 
parchment.  The  two  places  were  often  referred  to  as 
John's  and  Bride's.  No  Historian  attempts  any  list  of 
those  who  have  served  these  places;  and  the  only  dis- 
covered fragment  dealing  with  our  period  is  the  follow- 
ing:— 

Cumberland.  Martij  17.  1646. 

By  vertue  of  &c  yearely  sume  of  fforty  pounds  bee  payd  out  of  ye 
pfitts  of  the  Impropriate  Rectoryes  of  Johns  &  Brides  in  the  County 
of  Cumberland  sequestred  from  Wm.  ffleming  Recusant  to  &  for 
increase  of  the  maintenance  of  such  Ministers  as  this  Comitee  shall 
aprove  of  to  officiate  ye  Cure  of  ye  Church  att  Johns  &  Brides 
aforesaid  the  present  Maintenance  belonging  to  ye  said  Church  being 
onely  a  Stipend  of  91i  6.  8.  p  annu  And  the  Sequestrators  &c  payable. 
Har.   Grimston.  ^ 

William  Antrobus,  1665. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John  Sodor,  March  13, 
1624 ;  Priest  by  Barnaby  of  Carlisle  June  5,  1631 ;  licensed 
Curate  in  his  "  duabus  Capellis "  by  "Geo.  of  Cest." 
July  6,  1665 ;  and  subscribed  the  declaration  the  same  day 
in  his  presence. 2  He  is  named  in  the  St.  Bees'  Registers 
as  "  Minister  "  here  in  1681,  and  "  Curate  of  St.  Bride's 
and  St.  John's  "  in  1684. 

Thos.  Wilson,  1690. 

He  obtained  a  faculty  to  serve  the  Cure  here  on  June  9, 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  F.  1  (Record  Office). 

2.  The   Visitation   Book  (Chester   Registry). 


834  The   Ejected   of  1662 

1690,  and  one  to  preacli  throughout  the  Archdeaconry  of 
Richmond  on  April  18,  1686.     He  was  here  in  1691. 

EicHARD  Jackson,  1698. 

Doubtless  the  person  to  be  met  with  at  St.  Bees  and 
•elsewhere.^ 

T.  Benn,  1702.2 

Charles  Noble,  1714. 

He  was  here  in  1714  and  he  held  the  two  livings  for 
many  years. 

P.   MURTHWAITE,  1735. 

Appointed  on  the  removal  of  Charles  Noble. 

1.  Vide  pp.  783,  832. 

2.  Vide  p.  831. 


XIII.     PONSONBY. 

This  is  between  Gosfortli  and  Beckermet.  The  dedica- 
tion of  the  Church  is  unknown ;  and  its  Registers  do  not  go 
beyond  1723,  the  older  ones  having  been  lost  or  destroyed. 
Much  the  same  has  to  be  said  of  Ponsonby  as  was  said  of 
Beckermet  and  Calderbridge :  the  Historians  make  no 
attempt  at  a  list  of  Incumbents  and  only  a  mere  fragment 
belonging  to  our  period  has  been  recovered.  The  follow- 
ing is  the  document :  — 

Cumberland.  Att  &c.  Martii  17,   1646. 

By  vertue  &c  sume  of  iSorty  pounds  bee  payd  out  of  the  profitts  of 
the  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Ponsonby  in  ye  County  of  Cvmiberlaind 
Sequestred  from  Dame  Margarett  Curwen  Recusant  to  and  for  increase 
of  ye  mayntenance  of  such  Ministers  as  this  Comittee  shall  approve  of 
to  officiate  the  Cure  of  the  pish  Church  of  Ponsonby  aforesaid  the 
pseait  maintenance  belonging  to  the  said  Church  being  onely  A  Stipend 
of  ffoure  pounds  a  yeare  And  the  Sequestrators  &c. 
Har.  Grimston.' 

Egbert  Mason,  Mawson  or  Mayson,  1662. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Dec.  22,  1633,  by  Barnaby  of 
Carlisle,  and  Priest  on  March  13,  1635.  His  license  to 
serve  the  Cure  here  was  accepted  by  the  Archbishop  of 
York  Oct.  16,  1662,  on  which  day  he  subscribed  the 
required  declaration.  He  appeared  and  exhibited  as 
Curate  here  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  1674,  and 
was  certainly  here  in  1677. ^  From  at  least  1684  to  1779 
Ponsonby  and  Haile  appear  to  have  gone  together;  and 
for  additional  names  the  reader  is  directed  to  the  account 
of  Haile. ^ 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  F.  1   (Record  Office). 

2.  Vide  p.  849. 

3.  Vide  p.  831. 


Xiy.     GOSFORTH. 

This  is  a  very  considerable  village  between  Egremont 
and  Ravenglass,  giving  the  name  to  the  Deanery  in  which 
it  stands.  It  appears  in  older  documents  as  Gosford.  The 
Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  and  the  Registers  begin 
in  1571.  They  are  of  parchment,  in  good  condition, 
writing  beautiful,  and  they  have  been  largely  copied  and 
printed  in  the  local  magazine  by  the  late  Rector.  The 
County  Histories  are  of  little  help  with  the  Incumbents, 
but  the  Registers  supply  their  lack,  and  the  following  list 
has  been  obtained  :  — 

Thomas  Thomson,  1571—1583. 

These  are  the  dates  of  his  appearance  in  the  Registers ; 
but  they  only  approximately  represent  the  period  during 
which  he  held  the  living.  He  is  given  as  "  Rector"  under 
date  1571 ;  a  daughter,  Helen,  was  baptized  on  May  1, 
1674;  and  a  son,  Thomas,  on  Aug.  24,  1576.  In  1583  it 
is  recorded  that  "  all  the  rest  which  took  place  whilst 
Thomas  Thomson  was  Rector  are  wanting."  This  ends 
Part  I.  of  Yol.  I.  Probably  he  was  a  native  of  the 
district.  Foster  names  a  Thomas  Thompson  of  Cumber- 
land, as  possibly  Rector  of  Beaumont,  a  little  after  this 
time.^ 

Nicholas  Copeland,  1592 — 1607. 

The  person  of  this  name  who  was  Master  of  the  St.  Bees 
Grammar  School;  and  who  probably  was  not  resident  at 
Oosforth.     The   Registers  give  the  following:  — 

Eegister  for  the  Parish  of  Gosforth  begun  AD.  1592  Nicholas 
Copeland  Rector. 

1592  Nicolao  Copeland  tunc  Rectore  ibm  Anno  dni  1592.  John 
Copley  1679. 

His   Curates    appear   to   have    been :  — John    Bewes    who 
buried   his  wife   Margaret,   June   8,    1597,    and   married 

1.  Al.  Ox. ;   also  vide  p.  219. 


Gosforth 


^37 


"  Janeta  Jackson  vid  "  Dec.  21  of  the  same  year;  Cliristo- 
pher  Palmer  who  married  "  Margareta  Sharp  de  Hall " 
Nov.  24,  1599 ;  and  William  Frears  whose  "  putativa  " 
daughter  was  baptized  June  6,  1600.  In  this  year 
Nicholas  Copeland  records  in  the  Begisters  that  they  are 
"  made  compared  and  agreeing  with  the  paper  Book  of 
the  Registers."  He  signs  as  "  Clerk,  E-ector,"  his  Church- 
wardens being  John  Fletcher,  John  Mayson  and  Richard 
Milton.  Nicholas  Copeland  appears  to  have  been  a  con- 
siderable Pluralist,  for  he  held  Brigham  as  well  as 
Gosforth;  possibly  after  being  at  Gosforth  he  was  at 
Brampton.^  He  was  dismissed  from  the  Grammar  School, 
and  doubtless  we  have  a  reflection  of  this  in  a  document 
endorsed  "  1599  aut  circiter  a  clause  of  ye  last  Will  of 
Mr.  Copeland  Scholemaster  of  St.  Begas  before  Mr. 
Briscoe."  It  appears  to  be  a  bitter  satire  and  he  men- 
tions as  his  nephew  "Mr.  Willm  Copeland  parson  of 
Gosforth."  There  is  some  difficulty  in  the  date,  for 
Nicholas  Copeland  did  not  resign  until  1607.  This  was 
done  on  Sept.  12  in  presence,  among  others,  of  Edward 
Johnson,  Clerk.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry)  gives 
William  Sawrey,  probably  the  person  afterwards  at 
Windermere,  as  giving  Bond  for  Gosforth  on  July  28, 
"  XXXV  Eliz."  It  is  not  easy  to  make  this  agree  with  the 
dates  above  given,  though  it  is  quite  certain  that  about 
this  time  Sawrey  was  here  for  a  little  while  in  some 
capacity  or  other. 


William  Copeland,  1607—1628. 

He  was  admitted  and  instituted  Oct.  1,  1607,  the 
vacancy  being  caused  by  the  "  free  and  spontaneous  resig- 
nation of  Nicholas  Coupland."  ^  For  some  reason  or 
other  William  Copeland  was  deprived.  Unfortunately 
there  is  a  break  in  the  Registers  from  1612  to  1632,  and 


1.  Vide  pp.  250,  747. 

2.  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


838  The    Ejected   of  1662 

consequently  they  do  not  witness  to  the  fact;  but  the 
following  document  is  decisive  :  — 

Willmo    Copland    Clico   ult.    Incumbens   ibm   per  Comissarios   Dni 
Regis  pro  Causis  Ecclicis  deprivat.' 

According  to  the  St,  John's  College  Eegister,  Cambridge, 
"  Nicholas  Coupland  son  of  William  Coupland,  rector  of 
Grosforth,  Cumberland,"  went  to  the  College  there  in 
1634.  This  Nicholas  Copeland  is  said  to  have  been  born 
at  Gosforth,  trained  for  three  years  by  Mr.  Rutter  at 
Muncaster  School,  and  admitted  Sizar  for  Mr.  Pryse. 
His  surety  was  Mr.  Senhouse  and  the  date  of  his  admis- 
sion is  given  as  May  22,  1634,  he  being  at  the  time  22 
years  of  age. 

Peter  Hudson,  M.A.,  1628—1645. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Sept.  20,  1618 ;  Priest  May  23, 
1619,  being  then  "  M.A.,"  and  was  instituted  Aug.  12, 
1628,  on  a  Presentation  by  John  Senhouse  "Ar."  the 
vacancy  having  been  caused  by  the  deprivation  of  William 
Copeland.  He  appears  in  the  Registers  in  1636  as 
"  Rector  " ;  and  the  following  relates  to  the  baptism  of  a 
son :  — 

1638  Nov.   18.     Edward,  son  of  Peter  Hudson. 

He  remained  until  his  death  in  1645,  his  burial  entry 
being  as  follows  :  — 

Burials  1645.  Aug.  2.     Peter  Hudson,  rector  of  Grosforth. 

The  Act  Book  gives  Charles  Robson,  B.D,,  as  instituted 
Sept.  1,  1636,  on  the  "  death  of  William  Copeland  " ;  but 
there  appears  to  be  no  opening  for  him.  He  was  at  Holm 
Cultram  from  1632  to  1638.- 

John  Robinson,  1653. 

In  an  Inventory  of  the  goods  of  "  Thomas  Curwen,  late 
of  Sellow  Parke  in  the  parish  of  St.  Bridgetts  in  the 
County  of  Cumberland  Esquire  deceased  "  dated  May  24, 
1653,  appears  the  name  of  John  Robinson  "  preacher  at 
Gosforth."     He  is  there  said  to  be  owing  Thomas  Curwen 

1.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  Vide  p.  593. 


Gosforth  839 

"xxs."  1  How  long  he  had  been  here,  and  how  long  he 
remained  we  have  no  means  of  knowing.  That  is  the 
only  scrap  of  information  about  him  that  has  been 
obtained;  and  it  is  to  be  regretted  that  the  curtain  falls 
at  a  moment  of  interest. 

John  Benn,  1657—1676. 

He  was  here  in  1657  when  he  compounded  for  his  First 

Fruits  :  — 

3  June  [1658]      ffirst  Nov.  1656 
Cumberland  ffirst  May  1657      xvU  xixs  Id  ob.2 

R.   Gosforth        John   Benn  CI.       ffirst  Nov.  1657 

ffirst  May  1658 

To  meet  the  new  situation  brought  in  by  the  Restoration 
he  was  ordained  Deacon  and  Priest  May  3,  1662,  by  James 
Archbishop  of  Dublin,  and  accepted  in  the  Curacy  here 
on  Oct.  2,  1662,  by  the  Ai-chbishop  of  York,  subscribing 
the  declaration  on  the  22nd  of  October  following.  The 
Presentation  to  the  living  was  made  by  "  John  Senhouse 
Ar."  The  Registers  give  the  baptism  of  Mary,  a  daughter 
June  25,  1667;  and  he  is  styled  "  Clerk  of  Gosforth."  In 
the  Will  of  John  Senhouse  of  Seascale,  dated  March  21, 
1669,  "  John  Benn  Parson  of  Gosforth"  is  named.  With 
1673  a  volume  of  the  Registers  ends,  and  John  Benn  was 
still  here;  and  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  1674, 
he  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Rector.  A  hiatus  occurs 
for  1674,  1675,  1676,  1677.  Under  date  March  27,  1668, 
among  the  burials  we  have  "  Henry  Ben,  clerici."  Who 
and  what  he  was  it  is  difficult  to  say ;  but  the  Benns  were 
so  numerous  in  this  district  that  it  is  almost  impossible 
to  keep  them  distinct. 

Thomas  Morland,  B.A.,  1676—1688. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  and  Priest  by  Edward  of 
Carlisle  Feb.  28,  1674-5,  and  instituted  to  the  living  on 
April  23,  1676,  on  a  Presentation  by  John  Senhouse,  the 
vacancy  having  been  caused  by  the  death  of  John  Benn. 

1.  The  Curwens  of  Workington  Hall,  &c.,  p.  62. 

2.  Composition  Books  (Record  Office). 


840  The   Ejected    of   1662 

His  induction  by  E-ichard  Hutton  of  Bootle  was  on  the 
5th  of  May  following.  A  new  volume  of  the  Registers 
begins  in  1678  with  Thomas  Morland  as  Rector;  and 
whereas  the  other  entries  had  been  in  Latin  these  are  in 
English.     The  following  are  extracted  from  it:  — 

Baptisms  1680  Nov.  5.  John  son  of  Thomas  Morland,  Rector  of 
Gos  forth. 

1683.  Sept.   18.     Mary  daughter  of  Thomas  Morland. 

1685  July  6.     Thomas,  son  of  Thomas  Morland,  Rector. 

1687  May  17.     Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Tho.  Morland  Rectr. 

Burials,    1684 

Aug.    11   Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas   Morland,   Rector. 

John  Morland,  whose  baptism  is  recorded  above, 
graduated  M.A.  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  and  was 
Rector  of  Skelton  1714—1748,  and  Yicar  of  Penrith 
1728—1748.1 

Christopher  Denton,  B.A.,  1688 — 1738. 

He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Denton,  Rector  of  Crosby 
Garrett,  being  baptized  there  on  April  9,  1668.  He  was 
a  graduate  of  Magdalen  College,  Cambridge,  where  he 
took  his  B.A.  in  1687.  He  was  ordained  Deacon  on 
June  10,  1688,  by  Thomas  of  Carlisle ;  Priest  by  the  same 
Aug.  5,  1688;  and  instituted  to  Gosforth  the  day  follow- 
ing, being  presented  to  the  living  by  the  "  last  John 
Senhouse  of  Seascale  "  at  the  "early  age  of  21."  The 
Registers  note  his  marriage  thus :  — 

Jan.  21,  1696-7  Christopher  Denton  Rector  and  Mrs.  Isobell  Sherwin 

in  ye  pish  Church  of  Gosforth. 

He  remained  here  until  his  death  in  1738,  his  burial  entry 
being  as  follows  :  — 

1738  The  Reverend  Mr.  Chrestopher  Denton,  Rector  of   Gosforth 
buried  June  the  sexth. 

He  appears  in  the  list  of  minor  benefactors,  to  the  St. 
Bees  Grammar  School. 

Peter  Murthwaite,  1738 — 1772. 

He  was  presented  June  22,  1738,  and  held  the  living 
until  his  death  in  1772. 

1.  Al.  Ox. 


Xy.     DEIGG. 

Drigg  is  on  the  coast  a  few  miles  above  Ravenglass. 
The  Church  here  is  dedicated  to  St.  Peter.  The  earliest 
volume  of  the  Registers  is  of  parchment  and  in  fair  condi- 
tion. The  writing  is  clear  and  the  first  entry  is  a  baptism 
•dated  July  2,  1631.  jN^icolson  and  Burn  pass  over  Drigg 
with  a  few  sentences,  and  Jefferson  and  others  supply 
•only  a  very  meagre  list  of  Incumbents.  The  following 
names  have  been  obtained  :  — 

John  Smith,  1654. 

He  was  an  Itinerant,  having  charge  of  a  very  large  area 
including  Eskdale,  Wasdale,  Irton,  Drigg  and  Muncaster. 
The  John  Smiths  ^  in  the  ministry  at  this  time  were  quite 
numerous ;  and  it  is  impossible  to  identify  this  one. 

Andrew  Thomson,  1658. 

This  is  inserted  on  the  authority  of  the  State  Papers, 
which  contain  a  mittimus  against  Richard  Robinson  and 
Joseph  Nicholson,  granted  by  "William  Thomson  of  Thorn- 
:flat,  Justice  of  Peace,  because  they  "did  vpon  the  11th  day 
of  the  moneth  of  June  [1658]  in  the  Church  of  Drigg  in  the 
County  of  Cumberland  disturbe  Mr.  Andre  Thomson  & 
vpon  the  13th  day  of  the  same  moneth  of  June  being 
Lordes  day  did  againe  disturbe  the  said  Mr.  Andre 
Thomson  in  the  Church  of  Munkester."  -  At  this  time 
James  Thomson  was  at  Corney,^  and  may  be  that  both 
were  related  to  the  Thopisons  of  Thornflat.  It  would 
seem  that  Muncaster  and  Drigg  were  joined  under  his 
ministry  as  they  had  been  under  that  of  John  Smith. 
At  the  Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  1674,  Drigg  is  given 
«s  vacant  and  so  is  Irton. 

1.  Vide  p.  1030. 

2.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  vol.  182,  fol.  136. 

3.  Vide  p.  854. 


842  The   Ejected   of  1662 

William  Benson,  1676. 

Tlie  following  appears  in  the  Registers :  — 
Gulielmus  Benson  hoc  Scripsit  Anno  Christi  1676. 

The  Bensons  were  also  plentiful  in  this  district  and  Foster 
mentions  several  among  his  Oxford  Alumni.  William 
Benson  was  subsequently  at  Corney,  possibly  holding  it 
in  Plurality  with  Drigg.  i 

Robert  Crompton,  B.A.,  1677, 

He  exhibited  a  faculty  for  preaching  here  Nov.  25, 
1676,  being  described  as  "  CI.  vicar  de  Kirkby  Ireleth  in 
Art.  Baccall."  He  was  here  in  1677.  A  person  of  this 
name  was  at  Corney  and  Whicham.^ 

Joseph  Benn,  1684—1730. 

He  was  from  the  "Academy  of  Dublin " ;  ordained 
Deacon  June  16,  1680;  Priest  May  29,  1681;  admitted  to 
the  Curacy  of  Drigg  June  5,  1684;  and  the  same  day  to' 
that  of  Irton,  obtaining  also  a  faculty  to  teach  boys  at 
Irton  on  that  day.  The  Benns  like  the  Bensons  were  a 
considerable  family  in  these  parts,  and  many  of  them 
entered  the  ministry.  The  following  appear  in  the 
Registers :  — 

1699  Bridgett  Benn  daughter  of  Joseph  Benn  Curatt  bapd  ye 
29th  day  of  May. 

1709  Jon.  Benn  sonn  of  Joseph  Beain  Curatt  of  Drigg  was  Baptized 
ye  19th  day  of  Aprill. 

1712  Wm.  Benn  son  of  Josp.  Benn  Curati  Sepult  ye  15  day  of 
June. 

Joseph  Benn  signs  the  Transcripts  as  Curate  from  at 
least  1690  to  1729;  and  his  burial  entry  is  thus  given  in 
them  :  — 

Joseph  Benn  Clerk  Sepult  25  Maij  1730. 3 

A  person  of  this  name  appears  at  Ennerdale  in  1680. 

1.  Vide  p.  856. 

2.  Vide  pp.  855,  871. 

3.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 


Drigg 


843 


Edward  Bureough,  1730 — ^1775. 

Until  the  appointment  of  the  present  Vicar,  the  Rev. 
K.  M.  Pughe,  M.A.,  in  1881,  the  living  was  held  in 
Plurality  with  Irton. 

At  the  end  of  November  1658,  the  Registers  give  the 
following,  which  is  probably  intended  to  express  the 
opinion  of  the  writer  in  reference  to  the  Commonwealth 
period :  — 

for  their  is  noe  God  before  then  eyes. 


XYI.     lETON. 

This   place   is   about   four  miles   east   of   Drigg.     The 
Church  is  represented  as  dedicated  to  St.  Paul;  but  it  i& 
also  claimed  that  the  true  dedication  is  to  St.   Michael 
and  All  Angels.     The  Registers  begin  in  1694;  and  they 
were  largely  copied  and  printed  in  the  local  Magazine 
during  the  Incumbency  of  Mr.   Pughe.     The  original  is 
in  parchment,  and  is  in  much  the  same  condition  as  the 
one  at  Drigg.     The  outside  leaf  is  occupied  entirely  with 
entries  of  the  family  of  Joseph  Benn,  at  that  time  Yicar 
of  Irton.     The  following  is  a  copy:  — 
Irton  Register. 
Wm.  Benn  made  a  verball  Will  October  ye  10th  day  1714 
Jno.  Benn  sonn  of  Joseph  Benn  Cnratt  was  bapd  ye  19th  day  of 
Apprill  anno  1709. 

Inside  the  fly  leaf  is  the  following  :  — 
Amno  1695. 
Wm.    Benn  son   of  Joseph   Benn  clerk  Bap.    ye   8th  day   of   July 

Anno  1695 
Wm.  Benn  son  of  Joseph  Benn   Clerk   Sepult  ye   15  day  of  June 
ye  anno  1711. 

Ann.  1697 
Bridget  filia  of  Joseph  Benn  Curate  bap.   ye  10th   day  of   March, 
1697. 
Bridget  fiUia  of  Josp  Benn  Curat  sepult  ye  23d  day  of  March. 

Anno   1699 
Bridget  fillia  of  Josp  Benn  Curatt  bapd  ye  29th  day  of  May  1699. 
Jon.  Beoin  son  of  Josp  Benn  clerk  bapd  ye  19th  day  of  Apriole  1709. 

This  last  entry  repeats  the  one  above  given.     On  the  other 
side  of  the  fly  leaf  we  have  as  follows :  — 

The  Register  Book  of  the  Parish  of  Irton  Begun  Anno  1697. 
Also  :  — 

1730  Thomas  Benson  son  of  Wm.  Benson  clerk  Sepult  ye  16  February 
from  Stangends. 

The  Transcripts  give  the  following :  — 

Irton.    John  Thompson  &  Mary  Birkett  married  the   19th  day  of 

June  by  Mr.  Benson  Curate  1676.^ 

The  Incumbent  list  is,  of  course,  the  same  as  the  one  at 
Drigg. 

1.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 


XYII.     ESKDALE. 

Eskdale  is  near  the  terminus  of  the  miniature  Boot 
Railway;  and  at  the  foot  of  Scawfell.  Formerly  a 
Chapelry  of  St.  Bees,  the  Church  is  now  dedicated  to  St. 
Catherine,  "  virgin  and  martyr,  which  is  an  unusual 
dedication  in  the  north  there  being  only  one  other  instance 
of  it  in  the  diocese  of  Carlisle."  ^  The  Churchwardens' 
Accounts  begin  in  1699,  and  the  Registers  in  1626.  These, 
however,  are  much  mutilated,  some  entries  being  cut  out, 
and  the  years  1651 — 1654  missing.  There  is  only  an 
imperfect  list  of  Incumbents  for  the  period  with  which 
we  are  concerned. 

John  Smith,  1654. 

The  following  refers  to  him  :  — 

Eshdale  Washdale       Know  all  men  &c  the  20th  day  of  July  in  the 

&c  yeare  1654  There  was  exhibited  &c  An  Order  of  ye 

John  Smith  Comrs   for  propagation  of  ye  Gospell  in  ye  ffoure 

Order.  Northerne  Counties   Whereby   Mr.    John    Smith  is 

appointed    to    be    Itinerant    preacher    at    Eshdale 

Jo.  Smith  cert,  as  Washdale  Muncaster  Ireton  and  Drigg  in  the 
aforesd  by  County  of  Cumberland  and  to  receive  ye  Stipends 

James  Thompson  &  profits  belonging  to  the  said  parishes  and  the 
of  Moresby  yearely    sume    of    twenty   foure  pounds    Thirteene 

Lawrence  Wise  of  Shillings  and  foure  pence  payable  by  Sir  Wilfrid 
Chatham  Lawson  and  also  another  order  of  ye  said   Comrs 

Willm  Thompson,    for  propagation  of  ye  Gospell  &c  whereby  ye  said 

Mr.    Smith    is  empowered  to  receive  the    yearely 

sume  of  Twelve  pounds  According  to  a  Schedule  hereunto  annexed. 
As  by  ye  said  Orders  doe  further  appear  The  said  Commissionrs  for 
approbation  of  pubHque  preachers  being  thereimto  desired  on  the 
behalfe  of  ye  said  Mr.  John  Smith  and  finding  him  qualified  as  in 
ye  &  by  the  ordinance  for  such  approbation  is  required  Doe  by  these 
presents  ratify  confirme  and  allow  him  the  said  Mr.  John  Smith  to 
continue  as  Itinerant  prea^^her  in  ye  parishes  of  Eshdale,  Washdale, 
Muncaster,  Ireton  &  Drigg  aforesaid  And  to  receive  possesse  enjoy 
all  Stipend  or  Stipends  Rents  dues  &  profits  Whatsoever  by  vertue 
of  the  said  orders  setled  upon  him.     In  Witnes  whereof  they   have 

1.  Gosforth  Deanery,  by  A.  G.  Loftie,  p.  95. 


846  The   Ejected   of  1662 

caused  ye  Common  Seale  to  be  hereunto  affixed  and  ye  same  to  be 
attested  by  the  hand  of  ye  Regr  by  his  Highnes  in  yt  behalfe 
appointed.     Dated  at  Whitehall  ye  22  Day  of  July  1654.' 

William  Wilson,  1676. 

He  signs  the  Transcripts  in  this  year.^ 

Thomas  Parker,  1684—1716. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  June  3,  1674,  admitted  to  the 
Curacy  Sept.  4,  1684;  and  obtained  a  faculty  to  exercise 
the  gift  of  "pedagogy"  September  22,  1686.  "The 
First  Publishers  of  the  Truth,"  gives  an  account  of 
William  Wilson's  visit  to  Eskdale  when  he  encountered 
"  One  Priestt  Parker,  who  in  Cruell  E-age  did  beatt  & 
wound  him  with  one  of  his  Crutches,  untill  the  Blood 
runn  down  his  Shoulders.  The  Priestt  being  lame, 
and  nott  able  as  he  would  to  effect  his  purpose,  Caused  his 
horse  to  be  brought,  on  which  he  mounted,  and  in  the 
Sight  of  the  People  he  broke  his  staff  in  three  pieces  on 
William's  bare  head,  which  made  the  People  cry  outt 
againstt  his  Merciless  Work.  Butt  before  the  Priestt 
gott  home  he  was  struck  with  sickness,  thatt  hee  never 
come  more  to  the  Steeple  House ;  and  dureing  the  Time  of 
his  sickness  hee  was  loathsom  &  stinking  above  ground, 
and  soe  the  wicked  Priestt  dyed.  Wm.  Willson  came 
again  afterwards,  and  visited  the  People  about  Eskdale 
for  which  hee  mett  with  great  suffering  by  another  Priestt 
att  thatt  Place."  ^  Unfortunately  no  date  is  given,  but 
the  reference  is  undoubtedly  to  the  Thomas  Parker  who 
died  in  1716.  Hutchinson  says  that  he  was  educated  at 
Glasgow,  totally  blind  for  twenty  years  before  his  death, 
but  that  he  performed  every  ministerial  duty  except  read 
the  lessons  and  psalms  which  his  son  did  for  him ;  and  that 
he  was  "  remarkable  for  his  obstinacy  of  opinion,  and 
positiveness  in  argument,  either  on  subjects  of  divinity  or 
history."  * 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  997. 

2.  Lancaster  Transcripts 

3.  P.   47. 

4.  Hutchinson,  vol.  i,  p.  577,  note 


Eskdale 


847 


William  Eumnet,  1717. 

He  was  instituted  February  6tli,  1717,  on  the  death  of 
Parker. 

Thomas  Parker,  1722—1769. 

He  was  instituted  on  the  removal  of  William  Eumney. 

The  Chapelries  of  Wasdale  Head  and  Nether  Wasdale 
do  not  call  for  separate  treatment.  They  are  ancient 
foundations,  as  witness  the  Commonwealth  Survey  of 
1649,  which  states  that  at  that  time  "  there  was  noe 
preaching  Minister  at  Ashdale  or  Washdale.^  It  is, 
Jiowever,  not  possible  to  present  any  adequate  list  of  men 
who  served  these  places.  The  Registers  of  Nether 
Wasdale  are  not  earlier  than  1711 ;  and  the  people  at 
Wasdale  were  accustomed  to  bury  at  Grosforth  or  Eskdale 
in  those  early  times.  There  is  mention  of  a  James 
Sheppard,  Deacon  at  Wasdale  Head,  in  1719. 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  Survey,  vol.  ii. 


XYIII.     MUNCASTER. 

This  is  a  few  miles  from  Ravenglass  in  the  beautifully 
wooded  and  sequestered  neighbourhood  of  Muncaster 
Castle.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael  and  All 
Angels,  and  the  Registers  begin  with  1583.  Among  the 
burials  are  a  few  from  1583 ;  there  is  also  a  list  of  christen- 
ings beginning  with  June  1583,  and  there  are  a  few 
weddings  belonging  to  1586.  The  earliest  volume  is  of 
parchment,  writing  is  decipherable  mostly,  though  faded 
in  places;  it  is  bound  in  paper  covers  and  begins  with 
weddings  in  May,  1593.  No  list  of  Incumbents  has  been 
attempted  by  any  of  the  Historians ;  and  in  the  "  Gosf  orth 
Deanery "  the  statement  that  "  the  perpetual  curates  of 
Muncaster  till  1844  were  also  rectors  of  Waberthwaite  '^ 
is  not  quite  correct.^  During  part  of  our  period  at  any 
rate  the  two  livings  appear  to  have  been  held  apart. 

John  Paeke,  1596. 

Over  against  a  marriage  in  September,  1596,  inked  by  a 
late  hand  the  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

Sr  John  Parke  Clarke  of  Muncaster. 
Also  we  read,  but  whether  referring  to  the  same  person  is- 
not  certain :  — 

Johannes   Parke   &   Ellena  Cady  Conjugati  30  Aprilis    1632. 

The  Parkes  were  a  local  family. 

Edward  Cuppage,  1617. 

This  name  is  inserted  tentatively,  the  word  "  Clericus  " 
not  being  absolutely  decisive.  The  Registers  give  the 
following :  — 

Edwardus  Cuppage  Clericus  Sepultus  fuit  primo  die  Martij  1624. 
Stephanus  Cuppage  filius  Edwardi   Cuppage   Clerici  baptizatus  fuit 
die  vicessimo  sexto  decembris  Anno  domini  1617. 

Ricardus   Cuppage  filius  Edwardi  Cuppage   Clerici  baptizatus  fuit 
prime  die  mensis  Octobris  ann.  domini  1619. 

Maria  Cuppage  filia  Edwardi  Cuppage  baptizata,  fuit  die  viceasimo 
secundo  mensis  Julij  anno  domini  1621. 

1.  P.  88. 


Muncaster  849 

James  Thompson,  1637. 
Tlie  Registers  have  :  — 

Klerikos   Jacobus   Thompson   &  Agneta  Jackson    Conjugati    13    die 
Maij  Ao  Dnj  1637  Kl. 

Possibly  the  person  of  that  name  who  appears  at  Moresby 
a  little  later. ^  "Whether  he  was  actually  at  Muncaster  is. 
not  certain  though  it  is  desirable  to  insert  the  name  herc 

JoHN  Smith,  1654.2 

Andrew  Thomson,  1658.^ 

William  Grainger,  B.A.,  1686. 

At  the  Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  167-4,  Muncaster  is' 
given  as  vacant.  Admission  to  the  Curacy  here  was  given 
to  William  Grainger  August  31,  1686,  by  "  Tobias  Wick- 
ham  S.T.P.  Dec.  et  cap.  Ebor."  From  this  point 
Muncaster  and  Waberthwaite  appear  to  be  joined  in  the 
same  person  and  information  about  other  occupants  of  the- 
living  must  be  sought  under  Waberthwaite.*  The 
Waberthwaite  Registers  give  the  burial  of  Robert 
Mawson,  Minister  of  Muncaster,  on  February  24,  1707. 
He  was  instituted  in  1704  and  possibly  sem-ed  as  Curate 
for  Henry  Holmes,  who  held  both  Waberthwaite  and 
Muncaster.  It  is,  however,  not  easy  to  fix  Mawson,  for, 
in  1705,  he  signs  Richard  Jackson's  Certificate  as  "  Rector 
of  Waberthwaite."  ^ 

Inside  the  cover  of  the  Registers  we  get  the  following : 

Thou  art  always  fool,  or 
Always   civil,   that    Man 
with  thee  is  either 
God  or  devil. 

1.  Vide  p.  806. 

2.  Vide  under  Eskdale,  p.  845. 

3.  Vide  under  Drigg,  p.  841. 

4.  Vide  p.  852. 

5.  Vide  p.  784;    also  p.   835. 


XIX.     WABERTHWAITE. 

A  little  north  of  Bootle  and  about  a  couple  of  miles 
from  Eskmeals  Station  lies  Waberthwaite.  It  appears  as 
''Wayeberwhatt,"  "Waybergthwait,"  and  "Abertbwayte." 
The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  John  the  Baptist;  and  the 
earliest  Register  Book,  a  parchment  volume,  is  in  fair 
condition,  though  the  writing  is  faded  in  places. 
Evidently  two  or  three  leaves  have  gone;  and  the  first 
decipherable  dates  are — births  1656,  burials  1657,  and 
marriages  1659.    The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents : 

Christopher  Troughton,  1580 — 1608. 
He  was  instituted  August  15,  1580, 

William  Troughton,  B.A.,  1608. 

He  was  instituted  September  5,  1608,  on  the  resignation 
of  Christopher  Troughton. 

Samuel  Rutter,  1630. 

He  was  instituted  August  1,  1630,  on  a  Presentation  by 
"  Joseph  Pennington  Ar."  The  Act  Book  also  has  the 
following,  which  if  correct  must  mean  a  second  institu- 
tion :  "  Haberthwaite  June  12,  1641,  Samuelis  Rutter  on 
presentation  of  William  Penington."  Reference  has 
already  been  made  to  him  in  the  account  of  Gosforth.^ 
It  appears  that  in  addition  to  his  purely  ministerial  work 
he  taught  a  School.  Foster  has  the  following :  "  Rutter 
Samuel,  bishop  of  Sodor  and  Man  1661,  archdeacon  1640, 
canon  of  Lichfield  1660;  perhaps  rector  of  Waberthwaite, 
Cumberland,  1630 ;  died  30  May  1662."  2  In  the  Church 
is  an  old  oak  pulpit  with  the  following  inscription  upon 
it:  — 

The  gift  of  M.  Abraham  Chakners,  Gent.     Vae  mihi  si  non  verum 
praedico  S.R.  1630. 
The  date  is  on  a  separate  piece  of  wood  which  has  been 

1.  Vide  p.  838. 

2.  Al.    Ox 


"Waberthwaite  851 

inserted,  but  the  patterns  of  the  carving  agree  with  the 
date.  In  1707  a  canopy  was  added  to  it  by  the  parish 
at  a  cost  of  5s.  6d.^  The  initials  no  doubt  stand  for  the 
name  of  Samuel  Rutter.  The  author  of  "  The  House  of 
Stanley  "  says  that  Rutter  was  sworn  Bishop  of  Man  in 

1661,  that  he  had  been  "Archdeacon  several  years,  and 
governed  the  Church  with  great  prudence  during  the  late 
wars."  He  speaks  of  him  as  my  "  learned  and  right 
reverend  author,"  "  a  man  of  exemplary  goodness  and 
moderation,"  who  "  sat  as  bishop  till  the  year  1663,  to 
whose  assistance  I  am  greatly  obliged  for  his  collections 
and  memoirs  made  use  of  in  my  present  history  of  the 
noble  House  of  Stanley,  but  especially  in  that  ever 
memorable  Siege  of  Latham  ;  in  the  defence  of  which  he 
had  a  large  share."  ^ 

Christopher  Stockbridge,  1657. 

This  name  appears  in  the  Certificate  of  James  Thomson 
on  his  appointment  to  Corney  in  that  year,  s  Foster  gives 
a  person  so  named  as  of  Cumberland,  who  graduated  M.A. 
from  St.  Edmund  Hall,  Oxford,  in  1609;  another  the  son 
of  John  Stockbridge  of  Millom,  who  matriculated  at 
Queen's  Coll.  Dec.  9,  1636,  at  the  age  of  18;  and  John  the 
son  of  Christopher  of  the  Meales,  Cumberland,  minister, 
who  took  his  M.A.  at  Queen's  Coll.  in  1675.*  There  can 
be  little  doubt  that  the  Waberthwaite  Rector  belonged  to 
one  or  other  of  these.  He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John 
of  Chester  June  2,  1642;  Priest  by  George  of  Chester 
August  20,  1662 ;    instituted  to  Waberthwaite  August  26, 

1662,  on  which  day  he  subscribed  the  declaration;  and 
was  licensed  "  Edit.  p.  Cancellor  Cestr  "  6  July,  1665.  He 
appeared  and  exhibited  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  June 
30,  1674,  along  with  William  Caddy  who  had  been 
appointed  "Aeditus"  "p  Chr.  Matteson  Surgt  Comry  April 

1.  Gosforth  Deanery,  p.   90. 

2.  History  of  the  House  of  Stanley,  pp.  4,  606.  Printed  in  Preston 
by  E.  Sargent,  1793. 

3.  Vide  p.  854. 

4.  Al  Ox. 


852  The    Ejected    of   1662 

30,  1674."  Stockbridge  appears  to  have  been  undisturbed 
in  bis  living  until  bis  death  in  1677. 

IViLLiAM  Grainger,  B.A.,  1677 — 1698. 

He  was  the  son  of  William  Grainger  of  Crosby  Hill, 
"Westmorland,  and  went  from  Sedbergb  School  to  St. 
John's  College,  Cambridge,  in  1668,  being  then  20  years 
of  age.  He  took  his  B.A.  degree  in  1672,^  was  ordained 
Deacon  by  Edward  of  Carlisle,  September  21,  1673,  Priest, 
September  15,  1674 ;   and  instituted  to  "Waberthwaite  July 

31,  1677,  on  a  Presentation  by  Wm.  Pennington,  Bart., 
"the  vacancy  having  been*  caused  by  the  death  of  Christo- 
pher Stockbridge.  He  had  charge  of  Muncaster  as  well 
as  Waberthwaite  until  his  death  which  took  place  in 
1698.     His  burial  entry  reads  thus:  — 

Mr  Grainger  of  Waberthwait  Buried  May  ye  15  1698. 

Henry  Holmes,  M.A.,  1698—1719. 

He  was  of  St.  John's  College,  Cambridge,  where  he 
graduated  B.A.  in  1693  and  M.A.  in  1697.  His  marriage 
with,  possibly,  the  widow  of  William  Grainger,  is  thus 
noted  in  the  Registers :  — 

Mr.  Henry  Holmes  &  Mrs  ffrances  Grainger  Married  Aprill  13.  1702. 

He  held  the  living  until  his  death  in  1719,  his  burial 
«ntry  being  as  follows  :  — 

Mr.  Holmes  was  Buried  ye  7th  day  of  April  1719. 
A  person  of  this  name,  possibly  a  son,  Mas  at  Bootle  from 
1704  to  1729.2 

The  following  appears  in  the  Registers  :  — 

Burialls 
Edward  Tubman  buried  14th  of  October  [1678]  parochia  de  muncaster 
comitatu  Cumbriae. 
These  are  to  certifie  yt  Wm  Caddy  of  Ravenglass  and  fardinand 
Laurence  of  ye  same  both  in  ye  pish  of  Muncaster  did  severally  make 
oath  before  me  Sr.  Wm.  Pennington  Barronett  one  of  his  Majesties 
Justices  of  peace  for  ye  sd  county  ye  19th  of  October  yt  ye  corps  of 
Edward  Tubman  late  of  Ravenglass  deceased  was  buried  within  ye 
said  pish  church  or  churchyard  ye  day  and  year  abovesaid  and  was 

1.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.   91. 

2.  Vide  p.  865. 


Waberthwaite 


853 


not  put  in  wrapt  or  wound  up  in  or  buried  in  any  shirt,  shift,  sheet 
or  shroud  made  or  mingled  with  flax  hemp  silke  hair  gold  or  silver 
or  other  then  what  was  made  of  sheeps  wool  onely,  or  in  any  coffin 
lined  or  faced  with  any  cloath,  stuffe  or  any  other  thinge  whatsoever 
then  what  was  made  of  sheeps  wool  onely,  according  to  a  late  act  of 
Parliament  in  yt  case  made  and  provided 

Wittness  our  hands  and  Seales 
Jurat,  apd  Muncaster  William  Caddy 

decimo  mono   die 
8bris  curam  me 

William    Pennington  Lawrence 

vera  copia 
certified. 


XX.     CORNET. 

In  older  documents  this  appears  as  "Corno,"  "Cornay,"" 
and  "  Cornliow."  It  lies  about  two  miles  north  east  of 
Bootle  Station.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  John  the 
Baptist,  and  the  earliest  Registers  begin  only  in  1754. 
The  list  of  Incumbents  is  imperfect :  — 

Thomas  Antrobus,  1630. 

He  was  instituted  August  1,  1630,  on  a  Presentation  by 
Isaac  Antrobus  "  de  Egremont."  Foster  has  Thomas 
Antrobus  of  Cumberland  who  matriculated  at  Queen's 
College,  Oxford,  Feby.  27,  1600-1,  being  then  16  years  of 
age.^ 

James  Thomson  or  Thompson,  1657. 

An  entirely  new  name  and  the  scribe  in  the  following,. 

which    refers    to    his    appointment,    has    miswritten    it 

Thomas :  — 
Corney  in  Com. 
Northumberland. 

[should  be  Cumberland].  James  Thomas  Clerk — ^Admitted  the- 

26th  of  Augt  1657  to  ye  R.  of  Corney  in  ye  County  of  Northumberland 
Upon  a  pres.  exhibited  the  same  day  from  Wm.  pennington  Esqr 
the  patron  And  Certificates  from  Geo.  Larkham  of  Cockermouth 
Geo.  Benson  of  Bridestake  [Bridekirk]  Ric.  Hutton  Chr.  Stockbridge 
of  Waberthwayte  Jo  Benn  of  Gosforth.- 

He  compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  here  in  1657/8,  as  the- 
following  testifies  :  — 
Cumberland 
R.   Corney. 

Bound    John    Moore    of    the    parish    of      In  Hand  viijli 

Whitechappell    in    the     County    of     Midds      ffirst  Augt  1658      xvijs: 
Silke     Throwster     &     John     Thompson     of      ffirstffebr  1658       iiijd 
Olaves    Hart    Street    London    Cordwayner      ffirst  Aug.  1659       ob.3- 
ffor  James  Thompson  CI. 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2    Lambeth  MSS   (Plund.   Min.),  998. 

3.    Composition  Bookfi  (Record  Office). 


Coraey  855 

A  mittimus  was  granted  by  William  Thomson  of 
Thornflat,  Justice  of  the  Peace,  against  Richard  Robin- 
son ''  for  disturbing  of  Mr.  James  Thompson  in  his  pish 
Church  of  Corney  wthin  the  County  of  Cumberland  vpon 
30th  day  of  May  last  past  being  the  lord  day."i  Doubt- 
less this  is  the  person  who  appears  at  Moresby  in  1654.2 
He  was  gone  by  1661  when  his  successor  was  appointed. 
It  was  stated  earlier  that  this  large  district  appears  to 
have  been  little  disturbed  by  the  political  and  religious 
events  of  the  17th  Century;  it  is,  however,  necessary  to 
add  that  in  several  cases  the  livings  changed  hands  about 
1660.  Whether  this  was  a  mere  coincidence,  or  was  due 
to  the  new  policy  brought  in  by  the  Restoration  only 
fuller  light  can  determine. 

This  is  the  person  whose  burial  is  thus  recorded  in  the 
Waberthwaite  Registers :  — 

James  Thompson  minister  buried  the  27  of  November  1664. 

FraisiCis  Berkley,  1661. 

He  was  instituted  August  20,  1661,  on  the  Presentation 
of  Wm.  Pennington,  the  vacancy  being  "  per  mortem 
Thomas  Antrobus."  ^  Here  again  it  will  be  noted  that 
James  Thomson  being  a  Commonwealth  appointment  does 
not  count,  unless  it  may  be  assumed  that  Thomas 
Antrobus  had  been  displaced,  and  that  he  returned  to  his 
living  at  the  Restoration,  but  died  shortly  afterwards. 
The  evidence  points  in  favour  of  some  sort  of  forced 
retirement  for  James  Thomson.  Francis  Berkley  com- 
pounded for  his  First  Fruits  here  in  1662. 

Robert  Crompton,  B.A.,  1666. 

He  was  accepted  by  the  Archbishop  of  York,  September 
20,  1663;  ordained  Deacon  and  Priest  the  same  day; 
and  instituted  to  Corney  May  2,  1666,  on  the  same 
Presentation  as  the  last  one.  He  compounded  for  his 
First  Fruits    in    1668,    and    appeared   and    exhibited    as 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  vol.  182,  fol.  136. 

2.  Vide  p.  806. 

3.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


856  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Rector  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation,  June  30,  1674.     He  was 
subsequently  at  Whicham.^ 

Christopher  Stockbridge,  1677. ^ 

William  Benson,  B.A.,  1677—1738. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Henry  Sodor,  January  18, 
1675;  Priest  by  Nicholas  of  Chester,  May  21,  1676;  and 
instituted  July  31,  1677,  on  the  Presentation  of  Miles 
Pennington.  Doubtless  this  is  the  person  who  was  at 
Drigg.3 

The  following  interesting  letter  is  from  his  pen  :  — 
Sir 

These  2  lines  may  certifie  yu  yt  we  have  in  our  parish  one  John 
Pirt  &  his  wife  Isabell  yt  are  Comon  Sabbath-breakers  the  bake  ther 
bread  upon  the  Lords  day  as  will  Appear  by  the  evidence  of  one 
Richard  Jackson  in  Comey  who  was  an  eye  witness  to  yt  action 
Isabell  the  wife  of  the  above  named  Pirt  did  bring  forth  her  full 
born  Son  within  20  weeks  after  the  were  married,  we  did  at  yor  Court 
at  Ravenglaas  present  one  Wm.  Jackson  for  not  receiveing  the 
Sacrament  of  the  lords  supper  &  pirt  did  advise  him  to  come  to  you 
&  Mr.  Trotter  &  Inform  you  concerning  all  the  defamation  yt  ever 
were  heard  agst  me  &  you  would  sett  him  at  liberty  &  he  should  be 
free  I  pray  you  be  not  slow  to  punish  this  man  who  is  admitted  of 
all  his  neighbours  for  impiety  you  may  by  a  citation  (if  you  please) 
wch  you  may  send  by  this  bearer  call  him  to  Kendall  the  next  Court, 
he  is  a  man  of  noe  courage  but  rich  enough  therefore  cause  him  to 
pay  for  his  Roguery  the  bearer  will  confirm  what  I  averr  If  you 
enquire  of  hina;  wt  I  have  here  writte  I  pray  yu  doe  not  discover 
for  if  he  knew  he  would  scarce  faile  to  doe  my  cattell  a  mischief 
this  is  all  from  him 

who  is 
Comey    Maij    11th  1692  Sr.    yr    humble   Servt 

ffor  Wm.  Benson. 

Mr.  Josiah  Lambert 

att  his   office   in 

Kendall. 

These.  4 

1.  Vide  p.  871 ;  vide  also  Drigg,  p.  842. 

2.  Vide  Waberthwaite,  p.  851. 

3.  Vide  p.  842. 

4.  Lancaster  Transcripts. 


Corney 


857 


John  Fisher,  1738—1788. 

He  was  instituted  December  25,  1738,  on  a  Presentation 
by  Robert  Pennington,  the  death  of  William  Benson 
being  the  cause  of  the  vacancy.  John  Fisher  died  in 
1788. 

The  Gentleman'' s  Magazine  for  1788  gives  the  following 
obituary  notice  :  — 

At  Corney  co  Cumberland,  aged  84  the  Rev.  Mr.  Fisher,  52  years 
rector  of  that  parish.  His  predecessor,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Benson  had  it 
60  years ;  the  rectory  has  therefore  had  only  two  incumbents  for  the 
last    112   years. 


XXI.     BOOTLE. 

This  is  an  ancient  market  town  near  the  Cumbrian 
coast,  and  about  eight  miles  north  of  Millom.  It  appears 
as  "  Betelij,"  "  Betill  als  Bootle."  The  market  ceased  to 
exist  many  years  ago.  The  Registers  of  the  Church  are 
disappointing;  because  the  entries  are  so  exceedingly 
fragmentary.  They  begin  in  1655 ;  but  there  are  only 
two  pages  occupied  with  them  prior  to  1663.  The  writing 
is  in  good  condition,  and  the  following  is  an  account  of 
the  earliest  Registers  :  — 

Registers   from   the  year  of   our   Lord   1655   till   the  year   of   our 
Lord   1690  containing  35  years. 
Gr.  Outhwaite 
Curate  of  Bootle 
Novr  6.  1793. 

I.  1655—1695.     A  few  entries  also  for  1705. 

II.  1708—1766. 

III.  1767—1779. 

IV.  1778—1788. 

V.  1788—1799. 

VI.  1800—1812. 

In  reference  to  the  Incumbents,  neither  the  County 
Histories  nor  the  Registers  lend  much  assistance.  The 
following  is  the  list  as  far  as  can  be  ascertained :  — 

Richard  Brown,  1535.  • 

Nicolson  and  Burn  make  no  attempt  to  supply  any 
names ;  Hutchinson  begins  with  the  Restoration ;  Whellan, 
Jefferson,  and  the  Rev.  A.  G.  Loftie,  M.A.,^  begin  with 
Richard  Brown  in  1535 ;  but  they  leave  a  huge  gap  of 
more  than  a  century  after  him.  In  the  Church  is  an 
octagonal  font  on  the  seventh  side  of  which  appear  the 
two  large  letters  "R.B."  supposed  to  be  the  initials  of  the 
name  of  the  Rector  in  question.  No  further  information 
respecting  him  is  forthcoming. 

1.  The  Gosforth  Deanery. 


Bootle 


859 


Henry  Lovell,  B.A.,  1582. 

William  Antrobus,  1583 — 1607. 

He  was  instituted  January  17, 1583/4,  and  was  probably 
the  person  who  held  Egremont  from  1581 — 1622.^  In 
that  case  he  would  be  a  Pluralist. 

William  Antrobus,  B.A.,  1607—1627. 
He  died  in  the  latter  year. 

William  Crakenthorpe,  B.A.,  1627 — 1629. 

He  was  instituted  February  7,  1627/8  on  a  Presentation 
by  William  Pennington,  the  cause  of  vacancy  being  the 
death  of  William  Antrobus.  Foster  says  that  he  was  of 
Westmorland,  matriculated  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford, 
May  3,  1605,  at  the  age  of  19  years,  and  graduated  B.A. 
July  7,  1613."^  He  held  the  livings  of  St.  Lawrence, 
Appleby,  and  Brougham,  near  Penrith.  ^ 

Samuel  Dodding,  M.A.,  1629—1646. 

He  was  instituted  in  November,  1629,  on  the  cession  of 
the  last  Incumbent ;  and  was  probably  the  son  of  William 
Dodding,  Eector  of  South  Pool,  Devon,  in  1613.  Samuel 
Dodding  matriculated  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  January 
19,  1620-1,  at  the  age  of  14  years;  took  his  B.A.  February 
7,  1623-4;  and  M.A.  July  2,  1627.*  He  was  sequestered 
as  the  following  shows  :  — 
Bootle.  25  April  1646. 

It  is  ordered  yt  upon  Certificate  from  ye  Comtee  of  Pari,  for  ye 
Coimty  of  Cumberland  yt  ye  Rectory  of  iSootle  in  ye  sd  County  is 
sequestred  from  Samuell  Dud  ding  (wch  ye  sd  Comtee  are  hereby 
desired  to  make)  this  Comittee  will  take  care  for  settlinge  of  a  godly 
and  able  minister  in  his  stead.  5 


Walker  does  not  give  him  a  place  in  his  list. 
was  William  Dodding  of  Great  Musgrave.^ 


His  brother 


1.  Vide  p.  821. 

2.  Al.   Ox. 

3.  Vide  pp.  1129,  1246. 

4.  Al.  Ox. 

5.  Add.  MSS.  Brit.  Mus.  15670. 

6.  Vide  p.  1117. 


86o                   The   Ejected   of  1662 
William  Greene,  1647 . 


His  appointment  is  given  in  the  following ;  but  unless 
a  very  brief  Incumbency  intervened  between  Samuel 
Dodding  and  William  Green  tbe  statement  about  the 
death  of  the  last  Incumbent  must  be  an  error :  — 

May  7.  1647.  Ordered  that  Doctor  Aylett  or  his  lawful  Deputy, 
are  hereby  authorized  and  required  upon  sight  of  this  Order,  to  give 
Institution  and  Induction  to  Wm.  Greene  to  the  Rectory  of  Bootle 
in  the  County  of  Cumberland  void  by  the  Death  of  the  late  Incumbent 
Salvo  jure  cujus  cunque ;  the  said  Mr.  Greene  producing  his  Presenta- 
tion thereunto  under  the  Hand  and  Seal  of  William  Pennington 
Esquire,  the  lawful  Patron,  and  taking  the  National  League  and 
Covenant.' 

There  was  a  William  Greene  at  Bath  in  1659  \^  and  a 
person  of  that  name  at  Scaleby  in  1642;^  but  whether  the 
same  as  William  Greene  of  Bootle  has  not  been  ascer- 
tained. 

Thomas  Millington,  B.A.,  1649. 

He  was  instituted  November  22,  1649.  Foster  gives 
the  following  under  this  name :  — 

Son  of  Thomas  of  Tiberton,  Salop,  pleb.  p.p.  Lincoln  Coll.  matric. 
25  Oct.  1639  aged  15 ;  B.A.  20  April  1643 ;  perhaps  rector  of  Bootle, 
Cumberland,  1649,  vicar  of  Dray ton-in- Hales  1667  and  Rector  of 
Adderley,  Salop  1674;  father  of  Thomas  1671.4 

The  latter  matriculated  at  Pembroke  College,  Oxford, 
June  3,  1671,  at  the  age  of  18  years.  Thomas  Millington, 
senior,  is  probably  the  person  whom  the  Plundered  Minis- 
ters' Committee  attempted  to  put  at  Urswick  in  Dec, 
1646  (Bodl.  MS.  324).  He  was  sequestered  from  Bootle, 
though  Walker  does  not  name  him.  His  Petition  for 
restoration  to  the  living,  in  1660,  is  here  appended.  It 
is  exceedingly  piteous  in  its  pleading  :  — - 

1.  L.J.,  vol.  ix,  p.  182. 

2.  Shaw's  Hist.  Eng.  Ch.,  vol.  ii,  p.  594. 

3.  Vide  p.    290. 

4.  Al.  Ox. 


Bootle  86 1 

To  the  Right  Hoble  the  House  of  Lordes 

Now  Sitting  in  Parliament 

The  humble  peticon  of  Thomas  Millington 

Rector  of  the  parrish  Church  of  Bootle 

in  the  County  of  Cumberland  in  the 

Diocese  of  Chester. 

Most  himibly  Sheweth. 

That  yor  peticoner  haveing  beene 
legally  possessed  of  the  Rectory  aforesaid 
hath  beene  Sequestred  and  elected   for 
many  year'es  to  the  utter  ingrie  of 
himselfe  his  poore  wife  and  Children 
only  for  praying  for  his  Matie  in  publique 
as  in  duty  he  ought  to  doe. 

Therefore  yor  Peticoner  prayeth 
yor  Lordships  to  take  compassion 
upon  yor  Peticoner's  sad  Condicon 
And  to  grant  forth  yor  Lops  order 
that  yor  Peticoner  may  for  his  present 
maintennce  receave  and  enioy  the  Fifths  of  all  the  profitts 
Ariseing  from  the  said  Rectory 
£ind  that  the  other  ffower  partes 
of  the  said  Leving  may  bee  despose 
of  into  the  hands  of  the  Church 
Wardens  and  overseers  of  the 
poore  of  the  said  parrish  upon 
Accompt  untill  the 

Intruder  bee   Elected  by  Law,  • 

And  yor  Peticoner  shall 
■  ever  pray  &c. 
Thomas  Millington 
Rector  of  Bootle.     Expted.' 

There  is  no  witness  to  this  Petition  but  on  the  outside 
appears  the  following  :  — 

23  Junii  1660 
peticon  of  Mr.  Tho.  Millington 
Clerke. 

How  far  the  Lords  were  influenced  by  this  Petition  does 
not  appear;    but  in  reference  to  Bootle  it  would  seem  to 

1.  House  of  Lords'   Library;    also   H.M.C.,   Seventh  Report,   Pt.   i, 
p.  107. 


862  The   Ejected   of  1662 

have  failed.  Millington  was  not  restored.  Nor  is  there 
any  means  of  ascertaining  the  name  of  the  "  intruder  " 
referred  to  in  the  Petition  unless  it  be  Eiehard  Hutton. 
Calamy  gives  no  Ejected  Minister  for  Bootle.  If  this  be 
Foster's  Millington  he  left  the  County  and  obtained  a 
living  elsewhere.  William  Lampit  refers  to  him  in  the 
Musgrave  Tracts. i 

Richard  Hutton,  B.D.,  1655—1704. 

That  he  was  here  in  1655  is  clear  from  the  following :  — 

ffeby  5.  1655. 

Bootell 

Hutton 

Cumberland  Give  Mr.  Hutton  time  to  pay  first  fruites  23  April. ^ 

How  long  he  had  been  here  we  do  not  know,  and  from 
what  follows  it  appears  that  at  the  Restoration  he  took 
every  precaution  to  make  his  position  secure. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  "  John  dernest  Epon  in 
Regno  Hiberniae "  September  24,  1660,  and  instituted 
September  25,  1660.  He  appears  to  have  been  reordained 
Deacon  by  George  of  Chester  September  21,  1662,  his 
license  to  preach  being  accepted  by  the  Archbishop  of 
York,  October  16,  1662,  and  he  subscribed  the  declaration 
July  13,  1664,  "  Coram  Geo.  Cestr.  Ep."  The  Histories 
resume  their  lists  at  this  point  and  give  this  name  against 
1660.  It  is  usual  to  suggest  a  second  Richard  Hutton  as 
following  in  1664,  instituted  on  July  13  of  that  year,  on  a 
Presentation  by  the  King.  Doubtless,  however,  this  is 
one  and  the  same  person  who  received  a  second  institution 
for  what  reason  does  not  appear.  He  signs  the  Registers 
at  the  bottom  of  the  page  containing  the  1665  Inirials. 
In  a  Bond  dated  April  19,  1665,  Richard  Hutton,  Rector 
of  Bootle,  and  others  agree  to  educate  &c.  Henry  Crake- 
place  in  Cambridge.  In  1672  he  sought  to  obtain  the 
living    of    Aldingham    in    North    Lonsdale.     Two    letters 

1.  Vide  p.  619. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1021. 


Bootle  863 

from  his  pen  in  reference  to  tlie  matter  are  among  the 
State  Papers  in  the  Record  Office.  They  are  addressed  to 
Sir  Joseph  Williamson  his  "  friend  and  kinsman,"  whom 
he  urges  to  "  be  pleased  to  cast  an  auspicious  eye  upon 
me  to  improve  yor  interest  on  my  behalfe  to  the  Right 
honourable  the  Earle  of  Arlington  to  obtain  his  Maiesties 
fiat  for  a  psentation."  The  first  letter  is  from  "Bridekirk 
Sept.  17,  1672,"  and  is  endorsed  by  Williamson — "  My 
Cousin  Hutton."  It  states  that  there  are  "  noe  Compe- 
titors for  the  place  but  one  Mr.  ffell  the  Schoolemaster  of 
Sedber  who  hath  made  Sr  Robert  Carr  the  Chancelor  of 
the  Dutchy  his  friende;  But  I  question  not  but  if  you 
will  be  pleased  to  espouse  the  business  for  yor  friend  & 
Kinsman  it  will  discourage  all  Competitors."  The 
second,  written  a  week  later,  is  appended  here  in  full, 
because  of  the  interesting  items  it  contains  :  — 

Honoured  Sr. 

The  Rectory  of  Aldingham  in  the  County  of  Lancaster  &  Diocess  of 
Chester  being  vacant  by  the  death  of  the  Last  incumbent  there  (of 
wich  Rectory  his  most  sacred  Maiesty  is  the  imediat  patron)  I  took 
the  boldness  in  my  last  to  begg  yt  favour  from  you  to  improove  yr 
interest  on  my  behalfe  (wich  I  know  is  of  a  great  influence)  to  pcure 
a  p'sentation  to  yt  Rectory  for  me.  I  have  noe  other  incouragement 
for  yt  rude  Address  but  yr  bounty  to  all  yr  friends  &  relations  of 
whom  I  take  it  for  an  honoure  to  be  one  :  I  confess  the  place  is  not 
much  more  Considerable  then  Bootle  where  I  am  the  psent  Rector; 
onely  yt  I  have  been  forced  for  some  years  by  gone,  not  onely  to 
preach  but  fight  against  Sacrileg,  the  Patron  of  the  place  invading 
the  Church's  patrimony  &  instid  of  patron  will  needs  becom 
Impropriator;  So  yt  I  have  very  much  exhausted  much  of  my  estate 
in  defending  the  Chuch's  right  (wich  by  the  blessing  of  God  & 
Justice  of  the  Reverend  Judge  I  have  hitherto  done  maugre  all 
all  Sacreligious  harpies)  So  yt  being  vexed  with  Lawsuits,  I  should 
take  it  as  a  happiness  to  spend  the  remainder  of  my  time  in  the 
service  of  God,  &  my  venerable  mother  the  Church  of  England  in 
peace ;  &  should  look  upon  yt  more  obscure  rurall  Cure  as  a  patmos  Sr 
if  you  will  be  pleased  to  take  notice  of  yr  old  friende  &  poor  kinsman 
so  as  to  espoose  this  Concern  on  my  behalf  to  pcure  a  psentation  for 
me  I  shall  not  only  take  it  as  a  most  high  &  noble  favour  but  study 
to  be  gratefull ;  I  know  if  the  place  be  not  desposed  of,  yr  appeareinge 
for  me  will  silence  all  Competitors  of  whom  I  heare  of  none  but  one 
Mr.  ffell  a  Schoolemaster  I  shall  take  it  as  an  accumulated  favour  if 


864  The   Ejected    of  1662 

you  will  be  pleased  to  honour  me  wth  a  line  from  you  about  the 
issue  of  this  affair  for  if  there  be  any  hopes  of  successe  I  would 
take  a  iourney  to  London  to  sue  out  the  psentation  under  the  Great 
Seale  or  imploy  a  friende  at  London  to  doe  it  for  me  Thus  craving 
pardon  for  this  boldness  with  the  tender  of  my  most  humble  Service 
I  take  leave  &  remaine 

Yor  most  obedient  Servant   & 
Kinsman 

Richard  Hutton. 
Beetle  Sept.  23 

1672.  '  ffoT  Sr.   Joseph  Williamson  Knt  at 

White    Hall,    London. 
23  Sept.  1672.     R.  4  Oct.  These. 

My  Cousin  Hutton.  d.d.' 

The  Petition  was  not  successful  and  the  living  was  given 
to  Michael  Stanford  of  Kendal. ^ 

Richard  Hutton  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Rector  at 
the  Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  1674.  He  remained  at 
Bootle  until  his  death,  more  than  thirty  years  after  this. 

The  following  relates  to  the  burial  of  his  wife  :  — 

1677   Mrs.    Margaret   Hutton,   wife  of  Rich.   Rector  of  Bootle  the 
26    day   of   february. 

He  himself  died  in  1704,  though  no  entry  of  his  burial 
appears  in  the  Registers.  In  the  vestry  of  the  Church, 
however,  are  three  hatchments,  one  for  Richard  Hutton 
which  reads  thus  :  — 

Richardus  Hutton,  S-T.B. 

Ecclesiae  Botelensis  Rector 

Doctissimus  Immortalitatem  quam  • 

Parochianis  per  Quadraginta 

Annos,  tam  Moribus  quam 

Doctrina  sedulo  praedicavit 

Ipse  tandem  consecutus  est 

Calend.  Jul.  A.D,  M.D.CCIV. 

Cum  vixisset  Annos  Ixxi. 

He  is  not  to  be  confused  with  Richard  Hutton,  the 
Ejected  Minister  of  Caldbeck.3 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  if,  vol.   315,  fol.   135. 

2.  Vide  p.  954. 

3.  Vide  p.  553. 


Bootle  865 

Henry  Holmes,  1704—1729. 

He  was  instituted  August  17,  1704,  on  a  Presentation 
by  Eobt.  Pennington.  A  notice  of  his  burial  in  the 
Registers  reads  thus  :  — 

The  Rev.   Mr.    Henry   Holmes  late  Rector  of  Bootle  buried   in  ye 

Chancell  on  ye  South  side  of  ye  altar  Xber  24th  1729. 

Possibly  he  was  the  son  of  Henry  Holmes  of  Waberth- 
waite.  1 

Daniel  Steele,  1729 — 1764. 

He  was  instituted  on  December  24,  1729,  and  held  the 
living  until  his  death  on  June  3,  1764. 

1.  Vide  p.  852. 


XXII.     WHITBECK. 

The  Church  here,  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  is  about  two 
miles  from  Whicham,  proceeding  in  a  northerly  direction 
alongside  of  Black  Combe.  The  Registers  begin  in  1597, 
the  earliest  book  being  much  faded  in  places.  The 
following  appears  in  it :  — 

The  Register  booke  of  the  Christenings  Buniales  and  Marriges  in 
the  parish  of  Whitbeck  from  the  yeare  of  our  Lord   1597. 

These  Registers  are  much  more  full  and  valuable  for 
our  purpose  than  either  those  of  Millom  or  Whicham. 
The  following  list  of  Benefactions  appears  in  them  and  is 
worth  inserting,  especially  in  view  of  the  prominent 
position  assigned  in  it  to  the  Parke  family  :  — 

A  blessed  Memoriall  of  the  Christian  and  Charitable  Benevolences 
of  the  godly  Benefactors  of  the  Parish  of  Whitbeck  whoee  number  god 
Increase. 

John  Kitching  of  Whitbeck  deceased  Anno  1580  Gave  to  this  pish 
XX  Marke  the  use  thereof  the  one  halfe  to  the  poore  and  the  other 
halfe  to  the  Church  for  ever. 

Lawrence  parke  of  Whitbeck  Deceased  anno  1617  gave  to  this  pish 
ten  pounds  the  use  thereof  the  on  halfe  to  the  poore  and  the  other 
halfe  to  the  Church  for  ever. 

Henry  pke  of  Kendall  Alderman  there  Deceased  Anno  1631  Gave  to 
this  pish  ffoure  hundred  poimds  to  pious  uses  ["  to  an  Hospital," 
"house  built."    Both  in  later  hand]. 

Arthur  Myres  of  Cockermouth  Deceased  Anno  1634.  Gave  to  this 
pish  ten  pounds  the  use  thereof  to  be  towards  the  Mayntenance  of  a 
Sceole  Master  to  teach  the  youth  of  this  pish  ffor  ever. 

Henry  Robinson  of  this  Parish  gave  five  poimds  towards  the 
maintance  of  a  School  Master  in  this  pish  in  the  year  1674. 

Henry  Parke  gave  five  poundes  when  he  went  into  the  Hospital 
the  use  thereof  to  be  given  to  the  Poor  of  the  Parish  of  Whitbeck  for 
ever. 

[There  are  some  other  later  ones.] 

The  list  of  Incumbents  is  as  follows :  — 


Whitbeck  867 

John  Davies,  1624—1644. 

Tlie  Eegisters  give  the  date  of  his  entrance  upon  duty 
thus :  — 

Memorandum  that  I  John  Davies  Gierke  entered  as  Curat  of  this 

parish  wth  the  consent  of  the  procter  &  parishners  the  xxvi  March 

1624. 

His  wife  "Anne"  was  buried  the  10th  of  March,  1639-40; 
and  his  own  burial  entry  is  as  follows  :  — 

John  Davies  Curat  of  Whitbeck  was  buried  the  eight  day  of  June 
Anno  Dom.   1644. 

Richard  Huatson, 1654. 

He  was  a  native  of  Westmorland  and  went  from 
Sedbergh  Grammar  School  to  St.  John's  College,  Cam- 
bridge, in  1604.^  In  March,  1645,  a  statement  appears 
in  the  Registers  to  the  effect  that  a  new  Curacy  had 
begun,  but  unfortunately  the  name  is  illegible.  It  may 
have  been  that  of  Huatson  whose  burial  entry  reads 
thus  :  — 

Richard  Huatson  Clark  and  Viccaa-e  of  Whitbeck  was  Buried  the 

28th  day  of  June  1654. 

Christopher  Fawcett,  1654 — 1661. 

The  name  is  given  by  none  of  the  Historians ;  but  'the 
following  from  the  Registers  is  decisive  :  — 

Mr.  Chrestopher  fawcett  did  enter  to  serve  this  cure  the  24  day  of 
September  1654. 

Foster  has  the  following,  which  almost  certainly  refers 
to  him  :    "  S,  of  Cuthbert,  of  Widope,  Cumbejland,  pleb. 
Queen's  Coll.  matric.  4  Nov.,  1631,  aged  19;    B.A.  from 
St.  Mary  Hall  22  April  1634."  2 
He  died  in  1661  as  the  following  shows :  — 

Mr.    Chrestopher  ffawcett   Minister  of   Whitbeck   was  the   Nintien 
day  of  Aprill  Buried  1661. 

Lawrence  Parke,  1661 — 1673, 

The  Parkes  were  a  local  family  of  very  considerable 
importance.      Closely  allied  to  the  Huddlestons,  "  their 

1.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  67. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 


868  The    Ejected   of  1662 

residence  for  several  generations,"  says  Hutcliinson,  "was 
at  an  old  mansion-house  at  Whitbeck,  now  covered  with  a 
thick  grove,  in  which  there  is  a  remarkable  rookery."  ^ 
Poster  gives  Lawrence  Parke,  B.A.,  from  Merton  College, 
Oxford,  June  30,  1638;  and  another  of  the  same  name  as 
B.A.  from  Queen's  College,  Feb.  2,  1660-1.2  Doubtless 
both  belonged  to  this  family,  the  latter  possibly  being  the 
"Whitbeck  Minister.  Foster  also  has  Henry  Parke,  son  of 
John  of  Kendal,  who  matriculated  Queen's  College,  March 
10,  1664-5,  at  the  age  of  18,  graduating  B.A.  in  1668. 
The  Kendal  Parkes  were  evidently  a  branch  of  the  same 
family.  The  following  Parke  entries  have  been  extracted 
from  the  Registers  :  — 

Mr.  Lawrence  Park  did  enter  to  serve  this  cure  the  26th  day  of 
May  1661. 

1664  Clement  sonne  of  Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  of  Woodhouses  Minister 
borne  May  the  xvth  baptized  May  the  xvij. 

Lawrence  Parke  sonne  of  Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  was  borne  the 
Tenth  day  of  October  baptized  the  sextenth  day  of  October  ano  Dni 
1666. 

1668  Isabell  the  wife  of  Lawrence  Park  CI.  was  buried  the  27th 
day  November  1668. 

1670  Williame  Parke  Sonne  of  Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  was  Baptized 
26  day. 

Henry  the  Sonne  of  Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  was  baptized  the 
Eleaventh  day  of  July  Nat  10th  ano  Dni  1672. 

Agnes  the  wife  of  Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  was  buried  the  fl&fteenth 
day  of  July  Ano  Dni  1672. 

Mr.  Lawrence  Parke  the  Minister  of  Whitbecke  was  Buried  the 
twenty  ffift  day  of  March  in  the  Yeare  of  our  lord  god  one  thousand 
six  hundreth  Seaventy  three. 

Henry  Parke  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  doubtless  belonged  to 
this  family.^ 

William  Robinson,  1673/4—1679. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John  of  Chester  September 
22,  1672;  Priest  July  3,  1674;  and  was  licensed  to  officiate 

1.  Hutchinson,  vol.  i,  p.  553,  written  in  1794.  Jefferson  (1842)  says 
this  old  mansion  is  "now  occupied  as  a  farm  house."  (Hist.  AUerdale 
above  Derwent,  p.  118.) 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  1010.  . 


I 


Whitbeck  869 

in  "Capella"  there  June  30,  1674.  He  entered  upon  ''the  . 
cure  of  the  parish  of  Whitbecke  on  the  ffirst  of  March, 
1673  " ;  and  appeared  and  exhibited  as  "  Curate  "  at  the 
Bishop's  Visitation  June  30,  1674.  He  died  in  1679  and 
was  "  Buryed  the  27th  day  of  July,  1679."  His  wife  died 
a  few  days  later  as  the  following  testifies :  — 

Mrs.  Cateren  Robinson  was  Buried  the  second  of  August  and  was 
wooned  in  woollen  accordinge  to  Acte  of  parliament  1679/ 

Lancelott  Walker,  1679 — 1705. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  March  12,  1676/7;  Priest 
September  21,  1684 ;  and  entered  upon  the  cure  "  the  first 
day  of  November  1679." 

John  Sawrey,  1705 — 1720. 

He  was  instituted  in  1705  on  the  removal  of  Lancelot 
Walker,  and  was  also  at  Whicham.  ^ 

Daniel  Steele,  1720—1723. 

He  was  Schoolmaster  at  Millom  May  9,  1720 ;  admitted 
to  Whitbeck  February  10,  1720/1,  on  the  removal  of  John 
Sawrey ;  was  Priest  at  Thwaites  in  1723 ;  and  subsequently 
at  Bootle  until  1764.  ^ 

William  Jackson,  1724—1727. 

He  was  instituted  in  1724  on  the  removal  of  Daniel 
Steele. 

Daniel  Noble,  1727—1735. 

Entered  upon  "  ye  cure  of  Whitbeck  8br  ye  10th  1725." 
So  the  Registers ;  but  the  Act  Book  gives  1727  as  the  date, 
the  cause  of  vacancy  being  the  death  of  Jackson, 

The  following  vivid  picture  of  the  Parish  in  1790  is 
given  by  Hutchinson  :  — 

Sixteen  poor  people  six  of  whom  are  in  the  hospital — Ten  houses 
fallen  to  ruin  within  20  years — Several  uninhabited. 

State  of  Inhabitants.  One  clergyman — one  deader  in  spirits — one 
house-carpenter — one  miller — twelve  yeomen — ^nine  farmers — four  cot- 
tagers and  labourers.  4 

1.  Parish  Registers. 

2.  Vide  p.  871. 

3.  Vide  p.  865. 

4.  Hutchinson,  vol.  i,  p.  550. 


XXIII.     WHICHAM. 

In  older  documents  this  is  "  Whitingham  als  Wickam  " ; 
and  it  is  situated  about  a  mile  from  Silecroft  Station  at 
the  entrance  to  the  Whicham  Valley,  near  Black  Combe. 
The. Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  and  the  Registers 
begin  in  1569.  The  earliest  volume  is  small  and  well 
bound,  writing  clear  and  easily  deciphered.  The  follow- 
ing in  its  title  :  — 

The   Register  of   the   Chrestninges   Marriages   and   burialls   in   the 

parish  of  Whicham  from  the  and  the  yeare  of  our  Lord   God 

156y. 
They  present  several  gaps  during  the  17th  Century. 

The  list  of  Incumbents  is  as  follows :  — 

Henry  Wailes,  1591. 

He  was  buried  September  17,  1591. 

William  Tubman,  M.A.,  1592—1620. 

He  was  instituted  in  February,  1592.  The  Tubmans 
or  Taubmans  were  a  Cumberland  family,  William,  son 
of  Eichard  of  Muncaster  Mill,  graduating  B.A.  at  Queen's 
College,  Oxford,  in  1627;  and  George,  son  of  Richard  of 
Tallentire,  graduating  M.A.  of  the  same  University  in 
1693.1  The  following  Tubman  entries  appear  in  the 
Registers :  — 

1594    The  xvij   day   of    November    was  baptized    Isabell    Tubman 
daughter  of  WiUiam  Tubman  parson  of  the  Rectory  of  Whicham. 

1601  The  xxij  day  of  September  was  baptized  William  Tubman  son 
of  William  Tubman  parson  of  the  Rectory  of  Whicham. 

28  May  1628.     Susanna  Tubman  ux.     Willm  Tubman  nup.  rectoris 
de  Whicham  sepulta  fuit. 

He  held  the  living  until  his  death  in  1620. 

John  Tubman,  fe.A.,  1620—1680. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  January  2,  1620,  by  Theophilus 
of  London  and  was  instituted  January  12.  1620,  on  a 
Presentation  by  Wm.  Pennington  "  de  Seaton  Ar."  the 

1.  Al.  Ox. 


Whicham  871 

cause  of  vacancy  being  the  death  of  William  Tubman. 

In   the  record   of  marriages   kept   by  William  Thomson, 

Justice  of  the  Peace  during  the   Commonwealth,   is  the 

following  :  — 

The  15  day  of  November  1656  was  Robert  Russell  and  Mary 
Beebrowne  of  Whitcham  marryed  before  me  at  Thomflatt  in  the 
psence  of  John  Brockbanke  '  Willm  Troughton  &  Richard  Thomson. 

John  Tubman  held  the  living  undisturbed  through  all 
the  changes  of  the  Commonwealth  and  Restoration.  He 
subscribed  the  declaration  August  14, 1662,  and  his  license 
was  accepted  by  the  Archbishop  of  York  October  16,  1662. 
He  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Rector  at  the  Bishop's 
Visitation,  June  30,  1674.  The  Registers  note  his  burial 
thus  :  — 

1680  The  iij  of  August  was  buriede  John  Tubman  Parson  and 
Rector  of  the  Parish  of  [Whicham]. 

"  Mrs.    Elizabeth    Tubman "    was    buried    January    12, 
1661/2. 

Robert  Cromptox,  B.A.,  1680—1720. 

His  license  as  Deacon  was  accepted  by  the  Archbishop 
of  York  on  September  20,  1663,  and  he  became  Priest  the 
same  day.  He  was  instituted  on  October  10,  1680,  on-  a 
Presentation  from  Miles  Pennington,  the  vacancy  having 
been  caused  by  the  death  of  John  Tubman.  Hutchinson- 
gives  1630  as  the  date  of  his  Institution,  but  that  is  clearly 
a  misprint.  He  was  at  Corney  in  1666,3  and  remained  at 
Whicham  until  his  death.  The  Registers  record  his 
burial  on  January  13,  1720. 

John  Sawrey,  1720 — 1745. 

This  is  wrongly  printed  "Lawrey"  by  Hutchinson.  He 
was  instituted  on  January  17,  1720/1  and  was  previously 
at  Whitbeck.*     His  burial  entry  reads  thus:  — 

1745  Buried  John  Saurey  Rector  of  Which.     December  19th. 

1.  There  was  a  minister  of  this  name  at  Beetham  in  1664,  vide  p.  984. 

2.  Hutchinson,  vol.  i,  p.  548. 

3.  Vide  p.  855;    vide  also  Drigg,  p.  842. 

4.  Vide  p.  869. 


g 


XXIV.     MILLOM. 

This  Church,  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Trinity,  lies  quite  a 
mile  and  a  half  away  from  the  town.  Its  Registers  begin 
in  1591.  The  oldest  book  is  in  paper,  the  edges  being 
much  worn  away.  The  frail  pages,  however,  are  now 
carefully  preserved  between  the  leaves  of  a  well  bound 
volume.     The  following  appears  in  it:  — 

Register  booke  for  the  pish  of  Millom  from  the  first  day  of  Aprill 

1591  [This  I  imagine  to  be  correct :  the  original  date  is  rubbed  away] 

Anno  Dni  by  me  Chrystofer  Askewe  Clarke. 

The  second  volume  is  in  parchment  and  covers  the  years 
1637 — 1762.  In  the  Churchwardens'  Book  are  entries  as 
early  as  1617  and  1623. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  give  no  assistance  in  reference  to 
the  Incumbent  list.  Hutchinson,  Whellan,  Jefferson  and 
Loftie  after  naming  an  early  Rector  go  on  to  1661 ;  and 
for  some  reason  the  Institution  Books  and  Chester  Act 
Book  are  almost  silent  about  Millom,  even  as  are  the 
various  MSS.,  so  informing  about  most  other  places. 
The  best  effort  therefore  has  only  succeeded  in  producing 
the  following  imperfect  list :  — 

Cheistopher  Askew,  1591 — 1623. 

How  much  before  1591  he  was  here  we  do  not  know; 
but,  as  already  intimated,  early  in  that  year  he  began  the 
present  Registers.  The  following  further  entries  relate 
to  him :  — 

November    26.    1591    Chrystofer    Askewe   viccar    of    Milloym    and 
Elizabeth  proude  ( ?)  were  married. 

1593  June  19  Josephe  Askewe  Sone  of  Chrystofer  Askewe  Clarke 
["Bapt"  ?  worn  away]. 
Chrestened 

1600  Junii  17  Hugh  the  Sonne  of  Mr.  Askew  Minister. 

Christopher  Askew  died  in  1623,  his  burial  entry 
appearing  thus :  — 

Burial  1623  Dec.   2.   Crestopher  Askew  viccar  of  Myllom,  Quire. 


Millom  873 

UlCHARD   BULFELL,    1623. 

He  was  instituted  December  29,  1623,  on  a  Presentation 
by  the  "  Dnus  Cancel  Ducatus  Lancastriae."  For  some 
reason  a  second  Presentation  was  made  on  November  5, 
1635,  by  "  Eex  racone  Ducatus "  of  Lancashire.  How 
long  he  remained  we  have  no  means  of  knowing. 

On  January  2,  1640,  "  Mr.  Tubman "  buries  George 
Barker.     Possibly  this  was  the  Whicham  minister. 

An  Inquisition  was  held  at  Millom  on  June  25th,  1656, 
with  Guicciardine  Ayloff  of  London  as  plaintiff  and  Joseph 
Pennington  and  Allan  Pennington  as  defendants,  the 
matter  in  dispute  being  "  the  Rectory  of  Milium  and  land 
in  Milium  called  the  'Hardwick  Tithes.'  "  ^ 

Roger  Askew.  B.A.,  1661. 

He  was  instituted  July  23,  1661,  in  the  presence  of 
^rian  of  Chester,  on  a  Presentation  by  the  King,  the 
-vacancy  being  due  to  the  death  of  the  "  last  Incumbent."^ 
There  does  not,  therefore,  appear  to  have  been  any 
•disturbance  here  at  the  Restoration.  Respecting  Roger 
-Askew,  Foster  says  :  "  S  of  William  of  Standingstones, 
Cumberland,  pleb.  Queen's  Coll.  matric.  17  Oct.  1634, 
aged  16;  B.A.  26  June  1638,  vicar  of  Milium,  Cumber- 
land, 1661."  3 

IV-iLLiAM  Wells,  B.A.,  1670/1—1698. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John  of  Chester  May  29, 
1670;  Priest  March  9,  1670/1;  subscribed  the  declaration 
March  22,  1670/1;  and  was  instituted  the  same  day. 
Toster  says  that  he  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Wells  of 
Windermere,  and  was  educated  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  where  he  matriculated  March  10,  1664-5,  at  the 
age  of  16.     He  graduated  B.A.  in  1668.* 

William  Wells  "  Cler."  attests  the  "  Bond  of  Bridgett 
Xerkby  of  Millom  Widow  "  dated  December  18,  1690,  in 

1.  Ex.  Dep.  Mich.  32. 

2.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Eegistry). 

3.  Al.  Ox. 

4.  Ibid. 


874  The   Ejected    of  1662 

which  she  promises  "  to  make  a  true  Inventory  of  goods  of 
the  late  Wm.  Kerkby  of  Millom  her  late  husband."  In 
the  Registers  occurs  the  following  notice  of  his  tragic 
end :  — 

Burialls  1698-9  Janry  6th  Janies      Both 
Danson  of  Little  Langthwaite  drowned 

Janry  7th  Mr.  William  on 

Wells  vicar  of   Millom.  Duddooi 

Sands. 

On    the    east    wall   of    the    Chancel   a    tablet    is   thus 

inscribed :  — 

Near  this  place  lieth  interred 
the  Body  of  Mr.  Wm  WELLS, 
late  vicar  of  Millom.     He 
died  Jan.  ye  4th  Anno  Dom. 
1698.    Etatis  suae  50. 

The  burial  of  a  daughter,  Dorothy,  on  December  1, 
1686  is  noted  in  the  Registers, 

Joseph  Taylor,  1699 — 1713. 

He  was  instituted  June  16,  1699,  on  the  same  Presenta- 
tion and  held  the  living  until  his  death.  His  burial  entry 
reads  thus  :  — 

1713  Burial  May  30  Joseph  Taylor  Vicar  of  Millom. 

Thomas  Benn,  1713. 

He  was  instituted  August  17,  1713. 

The  following  in  the  Registers,  written  by  Askew  him- 
self in  exceedingly  large  type,  is  worth  preserving.  It 
suggests  that  he  took  his  position  as  Parish  Clerk  with  all 
seriousness :  — 

James  Thomaa  Askewe  came  in  to  be  Clarke  June  ye  29th  1733. 

Take  ye  heed  watc  and  Pray — For  ye  know  not  when  the  time  is. 

In*  the  earlier  years  occur  two  or  three  names  in  the 
Registers  to  which  the  word  "  Clarke  "  is  appended ;  but 
there  is  nothing  to  suggest  that  they  represent  more  than 
the  Parish  Clerk.  George  Leese  is  one.  He  appears 
under  date  April  7,  1624,  and  doubtless  is  the  person  wha 
writes  under  January  3,  1623-4,  "  uxor  Leonard  Leese  the 
first  bury  by  me." 


WESTMORLAND. 

I.     THE   KENDAL   GROUP. 

I.     KENDAL. 

In  older  documents  Kendal  often  appears  as  "  Kirkby 
Kendal " ;  and  the  town  is  still  the  principal  one  in 
Westmorland.  The  Church,  dedicated  to  Holy  Trinity, 
is  a  very  ancient  foundation,  and  its  Registers  begin  in 
1558.  There  are  four  of  these  early  Register  Books  as 
follows  :  — 

Book   I,    1558 — 1587.     Paper   leaves,    strongly    bound, 

clearly  and  beautifully  written.     The  hand  appears  to  be 

the  same  throughout,  suggesting  that  here,  as  frequently 

elsewhere,  some  skilled  scribe  had  been  employed  to  copy 

from  older  documents.^     Though  paper  is  employed,  it  is 

in  perfect  condition,  and  in  it  appears  the  following :  — 

The  Register  Booke  of  all  Christenings  Weddings  and  Buryings  at 

Kendale  Church  from  ye  Twenty  first  day  of  March  in  ye  yeare  of 

onr  Lord  1558   for  one  whole  yeare  next  ensuing. 

1.  "On  October  25.  1597,"  says  Mr.  Chester  Waters,  "the  clergy  of 
"Canterbury  m  Convocation  made  a  new  ordinance  respecting  registers, 
which  was  formally  approved  by  the  queen  under  the  great  seal.  It 
commences  by  noticing  their  very  great  utility  and  lays  down  minute 
regulations  for  their  preservation,  which  were  afterwards  embodied  in 
the  70th.  canoji  of  1603.  Every  minister  at  his  institution  was  to 
subscribe  to  this  protestation  : — '  I  shall  keep  the  register-book  according 
"to  the  queen's  majesty's  instructions.'  Every  parish  was  to  provide 
itself  with  a  parchment  book,  in  which  the  entries  from  the  old  paper 
•books  were  to  be  fairly  and  legibly  transcribed,  each  page  being 
authenticated  by  the  signature  of  the  minister  and  churchwardens. 
This  parchment  was  to  be  kept  in  a  '  sure  coffer  with  three  locks, ' — of 
which  the  minister  and  each  churchwarden  was  to  keep  a  key ;  and, 
for  further  security  against  loss,  a  true  copy  of  the  names  of  all  persons 
■christened,  married,  or  buried  in  the  year  before  was  to  be  transmitted 
•every  year  to  the  bishop  of  the  diocese,  within  a  month  after  Easter,  to 
be  preserved  in  the  episcopal  archives.  The  oldest  register-books  now 
■extant  are  usually  transcripts  made  in  pursuance  of  the  injunction  of 
1597  or  1603  at  the  expense  of  the  parish."  (Parish  Registers  in 
England,  p.   9.) 


876  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Book  II,  1591 — 1599.  A  smaller  volume,  also  in  paper 
but  less  firm.  The  writing  is  again  all  in  one  hand,  and 
in  places  the  ink  has  faded,  whilst  the  paper  is  worn  away. 
The  following  instructions  are  inserted  :  — 

Write  all  the  Chresteninges  buryalls  and  weddinges  on  one  place 
untill  all  this  queyr  be  spente  addinge  always  att  the  ende  of  the 
line,  Chrestened,  buryed  and  wedded,  Chr.  Bur.  Marr.  and  then  a 
newe  quiayr  and  do  lykewise. 

Book  III,  1606 — 1631.  A  parchment  volume  in  a  very 
legible  and  beautiful  hand.  Eaten  away  in  places  at  the 
right  hand  corner. 

Book  lY,  1679 — 1712.  A  paper  volume  but  again  quite 
clearly   written. 

All  these  books  are  in  splendid  condition,  and  Kendal,, 
being  the  centre  of  many  Parishes,  they  contain  entries 
relating  to  them. 

It  will  be  noticed  that  a  considerable  hiatus  appears  in 
the  Registers,  there  being  no  entries  for  the  years  1631 — 
1679,  which  include  the  whole  of  the  Commonwealth 
period.  Part  of  this  hiatus,  however,  may  be  removed 
by  the  Churchwardens'  Accounts,  which  begin  with  March 
25th,  1658,  and  fortunately  contain  the  names  of  persons 
interred  with  the  amounts  paid  in  each  case.  The  follow- 
ing is  the  list  of  Incumbents :  — 

Samuel  Heron,  M.A.,  D.D.,  1591. 

He  was  instituted  Oct.  30,  1591,  and  was  a  Fellow  of 
Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  being  incorporated  at  Oxford 
as  D.D.  July  11,  1598.  He  was  Yicar  of  Trumpington, 
Cambridge,  1588,  Kendal  1591,  Kirkby  Lonsdale  1591, 
Normanton  1594,  Chesterton,  Cambridge  1595,  Enfield, 
Middlesex  1598—1601,  Fakenham,  Norfolk,  1610,  and 
Rector  of  Tokenham,  Wilts.,  until  his  death  in  1616.^ 

Ralph  Tyrer,  M.A.,  B.D.,  in  1592. 

He  was  a  Fellow  of  Trinity  College,  Cambridge;  B.A. 
1576-7;  M.A.  1580;  incorporated  Oxford,  12  July,  1580; 
B.D.  1587;  Vicar  of  Eaton  Bray,  Beds.,  1587,  of  Chester- 
ton, Co.  Cambridge,  1590,  whence  he  removed  to  Kendal.^ 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Ibid. 


Kendal  877 

He  was  instituted  July  19,  1592.     The  Registers  give  the 
baptism  of  a  son  in  the  following  terms  :  — 

Julie  1610.  John  ye  sonne  of  Mr.  Raaphe  Tyrer  vicar  of  Kendall 
xiiij   die. 

Also  his  own  burial  thus  :  — 

June  1627  Mr.  Raulph  Tirer  vicar  of  Kendall  vj.  die. 

Within  the  Communion  rails   of  the  Church   is  a   brass 

plate  thus   inscribed:  — 

HERE  VNDER  LYETH.  YE  BODY  OF  MR.  RAVLPH 
TIRER  LATE    VICAR  OF  KENDALL  BATCHLER 
OF  DIVINITY,  WHO  DYED  THE   4TH.   DAY 
OF  JVNE  ANO.  DNI  :   1627. 

London  bredd  me,  Westminster  fedd  me 
Cambridge  sped  me,  my  sister  wed  me. 
Study  taught  me,  Liuing  sought  me. 
Learning  brought  me,  Kendall  caught  me. 
Labour  pressed  me,   Sicknes  distressed  me, 
Death  oppressed  me,  and  graue  possessed  me, 
God  first  gave  me  Christ  did  saue  me, 
Earth  did  crave  me,  and  heauen  would  have  me. 

He  had  for  his  Curate  William  Ingall  who  was  buried 
March  21,  1612-13,  being  Schoolmaster  also.^ 

Francis  Gardner,  B.D.,  1627—1640. 

He  was  instituted  Oct.  19,  1627,  on  a  Presentation  by 
the  Master,  &c.,  of  Trinity  College,  Cambridge,^  the 
vacancy  being  due  to  the  death  of  Ralph  Tyrer. 

Henry  Hall,  B.D.,  1640—1644. 

He  compounded  for  his  Pirst  Fruits  in  Dec,  1640,  and 
resigned  his  living  to  Henry  Masy  about  1644. 

Henry  Masy,  1644. 

Along  with  William  Ellison  he  was  appointed  Lecturer 
at  Kirkby  Lonsdale  on  Aug.  6,  1642,  as  witness  the  follow- 
ing:— 

The  humble  Petition  of  James  Moore  Minister,  Jeremias  Banes, 
and  divers  others  in  the  Behalf,  and  at  the  Request,  of  many  of  the 
Parishioners    of    Kirkby    Lonsdale    in    the    County   of    Westmerland 

I    was  read  :  whereupon  It  was  Ordered  That  this  House  doth  approve 
of   and   recomend    Henry    Masy   and  William  Ellison,  Two  orthodox 


1.  Kendal  Registers. 

2.  Institution  Books. 


878  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Divines  to  be  Lecturers,  to  preach  in  the  Parish  Church  of  Kirby 
Lonsdale  every  Market  Day  in  the  Year  according  to  the  Desire  of 
the  Petitioners  :  and  Mr.  Buchanan,  A  Scottish  Minister,  Vicar  of 
the  said  Place,  and  others  whom  it  may  concern  are  hereby  required 
to  permit  them  the  said  Mr.  Masy  and  Mr.  Ellison  to  preach  there 
the  said  Lecture  Days  without  Interruption.' 

It  M'ould  appear  from  the  letter  to  Mrs.  Goodwin  (vide 
p.  880)  that  Masy  was  already  resident  in  Kendal.  In 
February,  1644-5,  he  states  that  he  had  obtained 
election  to  the  Vicarage  of  Kendal  by  the  Fellows  of 
Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  but  that  owing  to  the  fact 
that  the  Fellows  numbered  less  than  16  the  election  was 
not  valid,  and  he  urges  Lord  Wharton  to  perfect  this 
matter.  On  the  14th  of  November,  1646,  he  received 
Institution,  and  he  appears  in  the  Westmorland  Certifi- 
cate for  1646  as  Minister  of  Kendal. ^  The  following 
documents  refer  to  his  Aiigmentation  :  — 
Kendall.  22  Aprill  1646. 

Resolved  yt  ye  yearely  sume  of  20li  bee  payd  out  of  ye  revenues 
of  ye  Deane  and  Chapter  of  Durisme  to  and  for  increase  of  ye 
maintenance  of  Mr  Massye  Minister  of  Kendall  his  psent  maintenance 
being  but  501i  p  aim  and  yt  it  bee  &c.  3 

Northumberland  [should  be  Westmorland]. 
Kendall.        [No  date  but  think  it  must  be  about  1650.] 

Whereas  this  Comtee  have  the  22d  of  April  1646  graunted  ffifty 
pounds  a  yeare  out  of  the  Revenue  of  the  Deane  &  Chaptr  of  Durham 
for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  Mr.  Massey  Ministr  of  the  parish 
Church  of  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmerland  [Northumberland 
erased]  of  wch  there  is  in  arreare  unto  the  said  Mr.  Massey  after  the 
.  rate  of  ffifty  pounds  a  yeare  the  Sume  of  thirty  eight  pounds  eighteen 
shillings  from  the  25  of  March  1649  till  the  6th  of  January  last  It 
is  ordered  that  the  Trustees  for  Sale  of  Deane  &  Chaptr  Lands  doe 
and  they  are  desered  to  issue  theire  Warrants  to  the  Trears  for  Sale 
of  Deane  &  Chapter  Lands  to  pay  unto  the  said  Mr.  Massey  or  unto 
Mr  Richaxd  Massey  [Marshall]  to  his  use  the  said  Sume  of  thirty 
eight  poundes  eighteene  shillings  due  as  aforesaid.* 

The  sum  of  £38  18  0  is  named  by  Dr.  Shaw  as  being 
voted   from  the   proceeds  of  the   sale   of  the   Dean   and 

1.  C.J.,    vol.    ii,    p.    707.     James   Moore   was    possibly    Lecturer    at 
Muggleswick,  Durham,  in  Feb.,  1641-2. 

2.  Vide  p.  109. 

8.  Bodl.   MS.,  322. 
-    4.  Ibid.,  327. 


Kendal 


879 


Chapter  Lands  to  "  Richard  Marshall  for  the  use  of  Mr. 
Massey,  Minister  of  Kendal,  Co.  Westmorland,  9  months 
and  11  days  to  January  5,  1649-50."  ^ 

Henry  Masy  had  the  advantage  of  Lord  Wharton's 
friendship,  and  among  the  Rawlinson  MSS.  has  been 
found  a  series  of  Letters  from  his  pen  to  the  noble  Lord. 
They  are  remarkable,  alike  for  their  number,  their  length, 
their  character,  and  their  writing.  They  are  extremely 
difficult  to  decipher.  The  lines  are  close  together,  the 
writing  is  cramped,  the  characters  are  exceedingly  minute 
and  almost  formless ;  but  they  have  been  well  worth  the 
labour  of  transcription.  They  are  concerned  with  the 
critical  years — 1642  to  1648 — of  the  Parliamentary 
struggle,  and  give  a  very  vivid  picture  of  the  unsettled 
condition  of  Kendal  and  neighbourhood.  Henry  Masy 
was  evidently  a  rigid  Presbyterian;  and,  like  Baillie,  his 
constant  regret  was  that  the  full  Presbyterian  system  was 
not  in  operation.  The  question  may  well  be  asked  if  he 
and  his  friend  and  neighbour,  William  Cole,  were  not 
responsible  for  the  Westmorland  Certificate  referred  to 
elsewhere ;  ^  and  the  one  thing  made  clear  by  the  Letters 
is  that  the  arrangements  sketched  in  that  Certificate  were 
purely  paper  ones,  and  that  Presbyterianism  never  had 
the  shadow  of  a  chance  either  in  Westmorland  or  Cumber- 
land. His  own  description  of  the  religious  condition  of 
his  County  is  that  it  was  "  rotten,"  because  the  "  honest 
party  "  had  so  little  influence  and  following  in  it.  He 
was  a  consummate  flatterer  and  considerable  beggar;  and 
Lord  Wharton  gives  evijience,  at  times,  of  regarding  his 
friendship  as  a  somewhat  doubtful  privilege.  Lord 
Wharton's  leanings  toward  Independency  appear  to  have 
greatly  alarmed  his  correspondent,  and  his  Letters  expres- 
sing his  suspicions  in  relation  to  this  matter  are  particu- 
larly interesting.  The  Letters  are  given  verbatim, 
except  for  one  or  two  words  which  baffled  every  attempt 
to  decipher  them.  The  grammar  is  by  no  means  faultless, 
and  owing  to  the  almost  entire  lack  of  punctuation  the 

1.  Hist.  Eng.  Ch.,  vol.  ii,  p.  546. 

2.  Vide  p.  108. 


88o  The   Ejected   of  1662 

sense  in  places  is  obscured ;  but  generally  the  idea  of  the 
writer  can  be  discovered.  They  are  all  from  the  Rawlin- 
8on  MSS.  Letters,  52:  — 

THE  MASY  LETTERS. 

Much  Honoured  Mris.   Goodwine 

Evr  since  I  sawe  the  Ordinance  of  Parliament  for  raiseing  moniea 
&  strength  for  ther  owne  Defence  &  p'sent  peace  in  or  Kingdome  I 
have  beene  Dealeing  wth  some  of  my  friends,  able  men,  &  such  as  I 
knowe  ar  truely  welwishrs  to  the  pliament,  to  send  monie  to  &  for 
the  purpose  of  peace  ajnd  safety  of  the  pliament,  as  we  here  [hear} 
many  have  donne  in  &  aboute  London.  I  have  used  all  the  arg  : 
[uments]  I  could  thinke  of  wn  [when]  sheweing  them  the  example 
of  the  South  pt€  [partie],  but  all  in  vayne,  the  gentry  of  or  Westmr- 
land  &  or  Clergy  genrally  have  base  thoughts  and  words  of  the 
Worthies  in  pliament  wch  I  prsume  is  one  cause  of  the  backwardnes 
of  some  able  &  otherwise  honest  men ;  &  seeing  it  is  so  here  with  us 
I  have  thought  wth  my  poore  self e  what  to  do  in  this  pticular ;  & 
that  is  this  :  a;boute  this  tyme  two  yeares  I  made  bold  to  send  a 
truncke  to  yor  house  at  Winchenton,  where  yet  it  is,  in  that  triincke 
therein  in  silver  and  gold  16011  wth  some  plate,  linen  diaper  &  other 
clothes.  I  am  bold  at  this  prsent  to  entreate  you  to  send  for  that 
truncke  to  yor  lodging  in  London,  and  you  would  be  pleased  to 
breake  open  the  truncke  (I  canot  send  the  key)  &  take  the  601i  & 
send  it  to  the  place  in  London  where  the  monie  (by  ordr  of  pliament) 
is  receaved,  or  if  you  thinke  fitt  let  the  lOOli  be  sent  &  imployed 
that  way,  one  of  these  Somes  I  willingly  &  truly  (as  any  one  in  this 
kingdome)  sende  for  the  service  of  pliament  for  I  knowe  it  tends  to 
the  peace  &  welfare  of  the  whole  kingdome  what  is  left  in  the 
truncke  I  desire  you  that  you  gett  it  lockt  &  kept  fast  corded  for 
my  use  in  safety  till  the  land  shall  afford  bettr  tymes,  &  whatsoevr 
you  shall  disburse  for  carriage  of  the  truncke  or  any  way  els  aboute 
the  casting  in  of  my  mite  in  the  pliapient  (gods)  treasure  I  desire 
you  pay  yor  selfe  out  of  my  monies  I  knowe  the  only  ayme  of 
pliament  is  the  safety  of  or  king  &  themselves  the  priviledges  of 
pliament.  the  peace  of  kingdome,  &  that  wch  is  above  all,  the  con- 
tinuance of  the  Gospell  &  religion  in  the  purity  thereof  the  lord 
blesse  &  psper  there  endeavours  &  recompense  them  according  to  the 
kindenes  they  have  done  &  intend  to  do  for  us  :  I  desire  you  thinke 
it  not  strange  that  I  a  poore  ministr  should  desire  to  add  a  drop  of 
water  to  the  ocean  We  should  be  exemplary  to  othrs  of  all  good 
but  it  is  not  to  be  expected  in  these  Northerne  ptes  nor  (as  I  here) 
in  or  Univsities  but  rathr  the  contrary,  yet  (though  I  am  late)  I 
desire  to  sacrifice  one  of  the  formr  somes  mentioned  (whether  yor 
Worp  please)  to  the  service  of  the  Honble  &  evr  honoured  pliament. 


Kendal 


Our  country  speceally  the  gentry  (but  they  ar  most  papists  and 
popishly  affected)  &  the  Cleargy  (who  are  litl  bettr)  talkes  light  of 
the  pliament,  espeacally  of  the  most  worthy  ones,  such  as  I  prsume- 
they  know  not  but  by  fame,  &  it  is  that  wch  will  be  noted  truely 
famous  as  longe  as  the  sun  shine  in  the  heaven  when  they  themselves 
shall  everlastingly  shine  in  the  highest  heavens.  I  had  thought  to 
have  written  to  the  thrice  Noble  Lord  Wharton  who  is  highly 
renowned  amonge  all  good  men  but  I  am  loath  to  trouble  his  Lorp 
in  the  midst  of  his  multitude  of  publique  imployments,  &  I  suppose 
it  may  be  bettr  soUicited  by  yor  selfe,  then  by  my  lettr  :  this  is  the 
busynes  I  prsume  that  Noble  Lord  hath  (at  Hela  Manour  neere  Yorke), 
much  cattell,  sheepe,  &  goods  wthout,  and  padventure  much  plat© 
&  othr  rich  stuff  wthin  doore  :  now  I  wish  amongst  his  publike  & 
greate  affayres  of  state,  he  would  not  forgett  his  owne  private,  I 
hope  he  doth  not,  but  if  yet  nothing  be  done,  that  way  you  may  take 
some  fitt  opportunity  to  mynd  his  Lorp  of  removeall  of  his  goods, 
both  wthin  &  wthout  his  house  so  neare  York,  for  if  tymes  growe  on, 
&  he  goe  on  (of  wch  I  doubt  not)  in  his  peace  resolutions  &  publicke 
good  endeavours  he  being  so  eminent  a  Noble,  must  expect  ransacking 
&  the  pillaging  of  what  is  moneable  :  Thus  craveing  pdon  for  my 
boldnes  &  praying  for  a  happy  union  betweene  the  king  &  pliament. 
wth  my  service  recom  ended  to  yor  selfe  &  right  worthy  Mre  Good  wine 
much  spoken  of  in  or  county,  wth  the  Noble  Lady  yor  daughtr  I  rest 

Yours  to   be  comanded   in 


the  L.   Jesus 


Kendall  this  1st  of  August 
1642. 

[The  letter  is  endorsed  thus  :] 
1.  Aug.   1642 
Mr  Masy  to  my  mother 
Goodwin  to  putt  in  money 
given  &  his  propositions. 


Henrie  Masy. 


Right  Honble 

I  have  lately  receaved  two  letters  from  yor  Lorp  in  both  I 
undrstand  yor  Lorps  fathrly  care  &  confidence  in  furthering  my 
busynes  of  Kendall  vicaradge.  I  humbly  thanke  yor  Lorp  &  in  those 
letters  yor  Lorp  wrote  concerneinge  my  monies  imployed  for  publike 
service  &  what  yor  Lord  layd  in  that  way  &  concerneinge  attention 
of  an  acquittance  if  I  disliked  the  layinge  in  of  301i  beyond  the  50li. 
I  have  formrly  certifyed  yor  Lorp  that  what  is  done  by  yor  Lorp  is 
very  well  pleasing  to  me  &  whatsoevr  yor  Lorp  shall  please  to  do 
.  wth  anything  that  is  mine,  it  shall  be  very  pleasinge  &  content  to  m© 
wthout  any  trouble  to  yor  Lorp  to  alter  anything  what  is  done  doe 
what  yor  Lorp  shall  thinke  fitt  to  be  done  wth  any  monies  of  myne  left  : 
at  the  very  begininge  of  these  contenstions.     J  sent  to  Worthy  Mris. 


!82  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Goodwin  (who  had  my  truncke  at  Winchenton  house  &  carryed  it  to 
London  wth  her  owne)  that  she  would  be  pleased  to  open  that  truncke 
&  imploy  ethr  601i  or  lOOli  for  service  of  pliament  &  I  undrstood 
she  cast  in  601i  into  the  treasury  at  that  tyme  &  since  from  Scotland 
I  wrote  by  Mr  Marshall  that  more  should  be  imploy ed  to  the  same 
purpose,  &  by  yor  Lorps  lettr  I  p'ceave  it  is  done  accordeing  to  my 
desire ;  &  yet  there  is  in  the  truncke  (beside  the  201i  in  monies)  some 
plate  &  diapers  &  sheetes  wch  are  worth  monie  &  othr  comodities  the 
pticulars  ar  in  a  note  in  the  truncke,  I  am  bold  to  mention  these 
reserves  in  the  truncke  that  if  yor  Lorp  please  to  imploy  all  the 
Teliques  in  the  truncke  it  shall  please  me,  &  I  shall  thanke  god  that 
I  had  a  mite  to  cast  into  this  treasury.  Concearneing  my  Kendall 
busyness  I  undrstand  by  a  lettr  from  Mr  Strickland  that  I  am  elected 
(by  the  fellowes  of  Trinity  Coll.)  vicar  of  Kendall  &  that  it  is 
■certifyed  (to  whom  he  wrote  not)  undr  the  hand  of  the  Coll  :  register 
but  no  prsentation  could  be  for  that  ther  were  not  the  numbr  of  16 
fellowes  to  seale  wch  numbr  (it  seemes)  is  required  by  Statutes  of 
that  Coll  :  Since  yor  Lorps  speaciall  care  hath  led  the  busynes  thus 
far  on  to  election  I  desire  yor  Lorp  that  yor  Lorp  carry  it  on  to 
p'fection.  I  do  confesse  1  doubte  not  of  yor  Lorps  love  &  care  of  me 
haveing  had  so  many  expiments  of  it  in  formr  favours  &  now  in  this 
pticular  yet  lest  the  multiplicity  of  so  many  negotiations  of  greatest 
concearnement  at  this  tyme  lying  on  yor  Lorps  shouldors  should  wipe 
the  petite  busynes  out  of  memory  I  am  bold  to  re-soUicite  yor  Lorps 
favour  to  further  &  finish  my  busynes  wth  the  Coll  :  for  newes  here 
we  have  none,  Carlile  holds  out  and  so  doth  Skipton,  Scarborough, 
and  Pomfreth  in  Yorkeshire  Greenoe  Castle  in  Lancashire  &  Latheme 
house  gathrs  strength,  we  hope  to  have  gladsome  tydings  of  Sr.  Will : 
Breereton's  p'ceedeings  in  Cheshire  &  agaynst  Chestr  citty  (the  Lord 
graunte  it)  Mr.  Benson  or  [our]  worthy  maior  is  vry  vigilant  the  Lanca- 
shire comandrs  we  here  have  sett  a  guard  on  Mr.  Hudlston  of  Millome 
Castle  though  he  had  a  furlouge  from  the  pliament  comandrs  to  passe 
home,  they  &  we  here  [hear]  that  he  hath  (since  he  got  his  furlouge) 
beene  at  Oxford  &  is  knighted  by  the  Kinge,  its  likely  for  some 
service  he  may  do  that  way,  &  thereupon  Lancashire  comandrs 
(hereing  of  his  being  at  Oxford  &  of  Prince  Henrie  his  comeinge 
to  Shrwesbury)  least  he  might  make  some  stirre  in  the  country  have 
an  eye  on  him,  for  he  is  a  dangrous  gentleman  &  that  country  &  ors 
also,  by  reason  of  disaffection  t<o  the  cause  are  rotten  &  by  reason  of 
the  p'sent  deepe  cessements  on  all  &  sequestrations  of  some,  the 
countries  some  ioyne  wth  any  for  freedome  wthout  consideration  of 
future  thraldome  &  misery  :  I  am  lothe  to  acquaynte  yor  Lorp  wth 
this  of  Mr  Hudleston  but  in  case  any  complaynte  or  petition  come  to 
the  Hoble  house  in  behalfe  of  him  that  the  house  be  pleased  to  comend 
Lanchashire  gentlemen  rather  then  blame  them,  for  their  care  & 
service  seeinge  they  knowe  the  state  of  those  Countries  and  disposi- 


Kendal 


883 


tions  of  men  here  better  then  any.  These  wth  my  thankefuU  respects 
&  service  to  yor  Lorp  wth  my  prayr  allwayse  for  yor  Lorp  &  blessing; 
on  yor  important  imployment  for  peace  &  truth 

I  rest© 

Yor  Lorps  to  be  comanded 
in  the  Lord   Jesus 

Henrie  :   Masy 
Kendall  the  17th  of  ttebr. 
1644. 
To  the  Right  Honrble  Lord 
Wharton  at  his  House 
Clarkenwell  these 
London. 
[Endorsed  on  the  outside  :] 
17  Feb.  1644 
Mr.  Masy  to  mee 

about  his  money  loaning  the  20li  remaynder 
to  my  desposing  and  acknowledging 
the  80li  payd 

about  Kendal 

about  Mr.  Huddlestoai  of  Milham. 

Right  Honourable 

This  day  I  receaved  yor  Lorps  lettr  wch  much  refreshed  my 
droopeing  Spirits,  to  here  of  yor  Lorps  health,  &  my  happynes  in 
yor  many  Noble  &  undeserved  favours  both  to  my  self e  &  my  Sonne ; 
about  a  moneth  since  I  returned  from  Edenburgh  towards  Kendall,, 
in  my  ioumey  homeward  (at  Penrith)  I  found  our  worthy  Comissionrs 
Sr  Will  :  Ermine  Mr  Barowis  &  Mr  Phenoak  to  whom  I  was 
exceed  eing  welcome,  &  I  waited  on  them  there  6  or  7  dayes,  I  pceaved 
that  (besides  there  owne  welcome  &  pious  despositions)  yor  Lorp  had 
prpossed  them  conceameing  my  poore  selfe  &  written  to  purpose  in 
my  behalfe,  for  Sr  Will  Ermine  (whiles  I  was  wth  them)  read  a  pte 
of  a  lettr  from  yor  Lorp  wherein  he  was  entreated  by  yor  Lorp  to 
take  speaciall  care  of  me  when  I  should  repaire  unto  him,  &  this 
Day  he  told  me  how  yor  Lorp  is  evr  myndfuU  of  me  yor  Gratious; 
lettr  to  my  selfe  assures  me  of  yor  fathrly  (its  more  then  friendly) 
care  of  me  &  myne,  and  that  to  my  greate  comfort  in  the  comfortable 
tyme  :  I  can  but  admire  Gods  greate  goodnes  &  I  desire  to  be  truely 
thankefuU  to  him  &  to  yor  Lorp,  my  prayers  shall  ascend  to  him, 
and  my  prayers  (for  I  knowe  yor  humble  &  truely  Noble  disposition) 
to  him  for  yor  Lorp  &  yors.  When  I  came  to  Kendall  we  had  not 
peace  above  six  dayes  Colonell  Grey  came  thither  wth  180  horse  or 
thereabouts  &  gott  the  towne  took  divrs  prisonrs.  I  blesse  god  I 
escaped  there  cruelty  they  sought  &  searched  for  me  but  the  Lord 
prvented  them  &  sent  me  away  at  foure  of  clocke  in  morninge  being 


S84  The   Ejected   of  1662 

by  a  friend  roused  out  of  sleepe,  otherwise  they  had  taken  me  in 
bed,  my  good  friend  that  awakened  me  &  helped  me  out  of  towne 
was  himselfe  taken  :  it  is  one  Mr  Benson  &  newly  chosen  Maior  of 
Kendall,  an  honest  &  godly  man,  the  enemie  discharged  some  they 
had  taken  &  carried  away  only  Mr  Benson  &  one  Captayne  Gamett 
&  they  ar  prisoners  at  Skipton  whither  the  ememie  retreated,  there 
is  hopes  of  deliverance  by  way  of  exchange  for  some  at  Lancastr 
Castle  :  the  enemie  entred  the  towne  wthout  any  resistance,  the  truth 
is  or  towne  &  the  Barronry  for  most  pt  ar  rotten  :  the  e.nemie 
plundred  not  much  only  some  honest  men  suffred  that  way  (espeacially 
an  honest  friend  of  myne  4  myles  from  or  towne  furnishing  me  wth 
an  house  to  escape  cruelty)  suffred  vry  much  for  his  poore  &  weake 
estate,  because  he  was  my  friend  :  the  Aldrmen  of  or  towne 
compounded  wth  Colonell  Grey  &  gave  him  lOOli  so  he  depted  the 
towne,  but  is  as  ready  (&  its  much  to  be  feared)  to  returne  as  to 
come  formrly  for  two  or  three  dayes  before  his  comeing  two  companies 
of  the  country  Souldiers  (wch  usually  keept  garrison  in  Kendall)  were 
disbanded  &  the  enemie  could  not  want  some  to  give  intelligence,  for 
twenty  at  least  of  Kendall  men  were  wth  the  enemie  &  waited  on 
them  &  directed  them  to  the  passable  places  &  fittest  entrance  into 
the  towne  :  the  Skiptoners  do  but  hearken  for  another  disbanding  & 
its  vry  likely  to  be  for  the  Country  beginge  to  refuse  to  ly  in 
provisions  &  ther  Comandrs  ar  some  of  them  just  younge  men,  if  they 
prove  sound  it  wilbe  the  bettrj  so  that  or  towne  &  country  is  yet  in 
a  vry  despate  [desperate]  condition  that  honest  men  take  occasion  to 
ride  here  and  there  to  be  out  of  towne  &  this  is  my  case  at  this 
prsent  for  I  tooke  occasion  to  come  to  Newe  Castle  to  the  Comissionrs 
where  now  I  am,  &  I  fynd  much  kinde  respect  from  them ;  too 
morrow  (god  willing)  I  take  horse  toward  Kendall  &  according  as  I 
here  or  se  I  shall  goe  and  come,  till  it  shall  please  god  to  give  me 
setlement  in  peace  &  truth,  ffor  all  yor  Lorps  Noble  favours  I 
himably  thank  you  myne  earnest  prayers  for  yor  Lorp  &  right  Noble 
Lady  wth  Mris  Goodwine  I  am  right  glad  to  here  of  her  health  & 
for  my  trunke  (when  I  shall  se  London)  I  doubt  not,  in  meane  while 
&  evr.  I  desire  blessing  on  yor  Lorps  greate  &  weighty  imployment, 
"so  prayeth 

yor  Lorps  devoted  servant 

Henrie  Masy 
Newe  Castle  the  14  of 

Novembr  1644. 
[There  is  no  Endorsement  to  this  visible.] 

Right  Honourable 

I  am  bold  to  trouble  yor  Lorp  wth  these  fewe  lines  wherein  I  desire 
to  certify  yor  Lorp  wth  the  state  of  or  Country  Westmorland  &  what 
I  here  of  Cumbrland  :  we  here  from  the  seiage  of  Carlile  that  the 
Citty  is  streaytly  beleagured  by  the  Scots  &  Cumbrland  men,  yet  not 


Kendal 


885 


wthstanding  the  care  of  some,  others  do  suffr  pvision  to  be  conveyed 
into  that  Cittie,  &  some  (&  they  violent  malignants)  by  (pt€ctiGn) 
comes  out  of  Carlile  :  Sr  Timothy  Ffetherstonhaugh  was  one  who 
aboute  fortnight  since  came  forth  thence  uppon  paroUe,  &  like  them 
of  that  side  (nothing  careing  for  pmisse)  is  as  we  here  gone  to  the 
Xinge  wch  may  pduce  no  good  to  these  Northerne  countries.  Since 
that  on  friday  last  Sr  Phillip  Musgrave  was  pmitted  (on  what 
termes  I  knowe  not)  come  to  his  house  at  Eadnell,  &  on  Satturday 
last  ther  was  a  messenger  sent  from  him  to  or  towne  of  Kendall  to 
buy  Salt  and  spoones,  mystard  &  Garlike  onions  &  aples,  &  other  such 
like  comodities  but  the  more  pbable  busynes  was  to  be  a  Spie  & 
bringe  lettrs  hither  some  lettrs  were  discovered,  but  to  litle  purpose  to 
attatch  any  man,  the  men  to  whom  they  were  sent  gave  some  suspition 
of  some  plot,  or  [our]  honest  Mr.  Maior  Gervase  Benson  (lately  prisonr 
at  Skipton  but  since  redeemed  blessed  be  god)  is  this  day  gone  to 
Applbie  to  sounde  the  depth  of  this  mattr  &  so  onward  to  Penreth 
to  pay  the  Scotch  army  for  Westmlahd  :  it  is  thought  vry  strange  (by 
all  the  rightly  affected  people  in  or  country,  &  it  doth  much  grieve 
them)  that  any  pvision  of  victualls  should  bee  suffred  to  be  imported 
into  Carlile,  and  that  any  Malignants  should  be  pmitted  such  liberty 
as  the  gentlemen  above  mentioned.  I  leave  all  to  yor  Lorps  con- 
sidration,  but  this  I  must  adde  to  the  prmisses,  if  Sr  Phillip  Musgrave 
should  gett  any  to  assist  him,  or  Country  were  all  undone  &  ruined, 
for  or  towne  &  country  is  vry  rotten,  &  never  were  we  in  greatr  dangr 
then  at  this  prsent  for  Knaresburg  Castle  (we  here)  is  reduced  &  all 
of  that  Castle  ar  come  to  Skipton,  &  no  way  can  they  goe  but  into 
Westmland.  We  want  Deputie  Lieutenants  undr  yor  Lorp  &  whom 
yor  Lorp  can  nominate  I  knew  not  let  Mr  Eichard  Branthwaite  yor 
servant  direct  in  this  pticular.  or  [our}  Comandrs  in  the  Baronry  ar  all 
younge  men,  in  yor  Lorps  Country  at  Applbie  &  that  side  they  ar 
active,  the  Lord  in  mercy  looke  on  us,  we  at  Kendall  ar  in  dangr 
dayly  of  enemies  :  I  am  psuaded  were  there  but  one  Nobl  Spirit  as 
yor  Lorp  in  these  pts  (&  why  may  not  yor  Lorp  come  a  day  or  twro) 
the  countrie  would  soone  be  reduced  to  conformity  to  Kinge  & 
pliament.  I  dare  not  say  yor  Lorp  must  come  downe,  but  if  the 
Honble  pliament  thinke  it  fitt,  we  here,  knowe  (by  gods  blessing) 
that  it  might  prove  a  Create  blessing  to  these  countries.  I  humbly 
desire  yor  Lorps  pdon  comending  my  service  to  yor  Lorp  &  yor  Horble 
Lady  wth  Worthy  Mris  Goodwine  &  Sr  Eowland  Sansford  wth  my 
prayrs  for  you  all  &  all  care  of  the  Church 

Kendall  the  10th 

Decemb  1644  I   rest 

Yor  Lorp  to  be  comanded 
{Endorsed  :]  Henrie  Masy 

,      10th  Dec.   1644. 
Mr.  Masy  to  mee. 


886  The   Ejected   of  1662 

The  following  is  a  fragment  and  in  the  volume  con- 
taining the  Letters  it  follows  the  one  just  given  :  — 

Pleased,  &  the  lord  blesse  it :  Eight  Noble  Lorp,  at  yor  Lorps 
being  last  at  Applby  Colonell  Benson  desired  (&  yor  Lorp  tooke  a 
memorandu  of  it)  that  yor  Lorp  would  be  pleased  to  advise  him  & 
further  him  for  his  settlement  in  authority  for  Pbate  of  Wills,  that 
shalbe  in  Westmerland  &  Cumbrland  &  in  the  Archdeaconry  of 
Richmond,  his  formr  imployment  &  facultie  lies  that  way,  he  is  (but 
I  hope  I  shall  not  neede  arg  : )  a  deserveing  man,  his  losses  (since 
these  troubles)  have  beene  greate,  his  Suffrings  imprisonmeaits  greate, 
his  paynes  &  pills  [perills],  undrtaken  for  the  publike  vry  greate  & 
his  willingnes  dayly  greatr  then  all,  &  it  will  be  but  reasonable  that 
he  should  be  reflected  on  wth  the  Parliaments  tendrly  and  affectionate 
care,  for  his  encouragement  &  iust  reward.  If  yor  Lorp  please  to 
give  leave,  I  should  desire  yor  Lorps  Noble  favour  and  tymely 
furtherance  of  him  in  this  busynes  &  amonge  yor  greate  &  waighty 
imployments  I  do  earnestly  desire  yor  Lorp  to  take  notice  of  this 
wch  though  it  seems  pticulax,  yet  it  is  for  genall  good  of  these 
Countries,  &  more  fitt  it  is  that  honest  pious  Deserveing  men  should 
be  imployed  to  negotiate  such  busynes  then  that  it  should  fall  agayne 
into  corrupt  hands.  I  thinke  Colonell  15enso(n>  will  himselfe  (shortly) 
waite  on  yor  Lorp  in  London.  Soone  after  yor  Lorp  pteing  [parting]" 
towards  London  I  made  bold  to  write  concearneing  Mr  Clifford  at 
Acton  &  a  lettr  to  him  to  the  same  purpose,  &  in  case  he  should  be 
unwilling  to  come  Northward,  then  I  nominated  (in  my  lettr  to  yor 
Lorp)  another  man  a  Sonne  of  myne  who  is  fitt  evry  way  for  such  a 
place  but  seing  I  since  heard  not  from  yor  Lorp  I  suppose  yor  Lorp 
will  not  dispose  of  it  as  yet  &  god  willing  as  soone  Eis  wayes  be  safe 
&  weathr  seasonable  I  shall  waite  on  yor  Lorp  aboute  that  busyness 
eyther  for  Clifford  or  my  sonne,  by  whom  god  may  have  most  glory, 
yor  Lorp  comfort  &  most  content  for  I  knowe  how  the  case  stands.  I 
hope  yor  Lorp  will  remembr  when  occasion  shalbe  to  gett  an  addition 
of  lOOli  p  annm  at  least  for  me  at  Kendall.  The  Lord  be  blessead  for 
all  the  greate  things  he  hath  done  for  me,  my  prayers  for  yor  Lorp  & 
right  Noble  Lady,  wth  all  yors  &  my  service  recomended  to  yor  Lorp 
I  shall  rest  one  of 

Yor  Lorps  most  faythfull  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Henrie  Masy 
Kendall  the  5th  of  Jan. 
1645. 

Right  Honble  Lord.  I  do  (in  the  behalf  of  many  honest  Christians)- 
desire  yor  Lorp  to  direct  me  whether  any  &  what  course  may  b& 
taken  wth  ministrs  in  or  County  &  some  others  that  refuse  the 
Nationall    Covenant    most  of    the    Ministrs    in   yor    Lorps    side    of 


Kendal  887 

Westmland  and  some  wth  us  refuse  it  they  insult  &  vapour  exceedingly 
keepeing  the  country  ther  owne  malignant  disposition,  and  fynd  as 
much  (if  not  more)  favour  then  ther  honestly  affected  neighbours, 
&  this  it  is  also  in  Combrland.  I  earnestly  desire  yor  Lorp  that  the 
pliament  take  ordrs  in  this  pticular. 

[Endorsed  :] 

Mr.  Masy  to  mee  15th  Janu.  1645.     [Note  discrepancy  in  date.] 
about  himselfe — addition  for  lOOli 
his  Sonne  for  Kerby 
Coll  :   Benson  : . 

Right  Honble 

On  Monday  last  1  made  bold  to  trouble  yor  Lorp  wth  a  large  lettr 
wch  I  hope  is  (or  by  this  tyme)  come  to  yor  Lorps  hands  in  wch  I 
wrote  divrs  pticulars  :  the  passages  of  the  Knightes  (for  pliament)  in 
or  [our]  Westmrland  of  that  busynes  this  bearer  CoUonel  Benson  can 
more  at  large  give  accounte  I  wrote  of  Mr  Clifford  ministr  at  Acton 
conceameing  the  place  yor  Lorp  wotte  of  &  if  he  should  refuse  it, 
that  I  might  be  bold  to  comend  a  sonne  of  myne  wch  I  should  not 
dare  to  do  wthout  assurance  of  Gods  glory,  yor  Lorps  honour  and 
content  evry  way,  but  the  speaciall  busynes  that  then  (for  prsent)  I 
entreated  yor  Lorp  was  concearning  Colonell  Benson  to  desire  yor 
Lorps  favour  and  furthance  of  him  and  his  honest  and  lawefull  desires 
of  wch  he  can  bettr  acquaynte  yor  Lorp  by  speakeinge  then  I  by 
writeinge  all  for  prsent  earnestly  I  desire  yor  Lorp  to  direct  &  pper 
[prosper]  his  endeavours  :  bettr  it  is  that  such  a  busynes  should  be 
carefully  putt  into  honest  mens  hands.  I  knowe  yor  Lorp  is  suffi- 
ciently possessed  of  his  reality  evry  way  of  his  suffrings,  losses  & 
activenes  for  the  pliament  cause,  I  should  not  trouble  yor  Lorp  (at 
this  tyme)  more  then  this  that  yor  Lorp  (seeinge  he  is  purposely  come 
to  London  to  waite  on  yor  Lorp  for  effecting  this  busynes)  would  be 
pleased  to  take  it  to  heart  &  into  yor  hands  for  pfecting  it  I  psume 
yor  Lorp  can  do  it  &  that  yor  Lorp  will  do  what  you  can.  I  shall 
sett  this  yor  Noble  favour  done  to  him  &  for  him  on  the  file  of 
many  done  to  me  &  for  myne  unworthy  selfe  &  shall  evr  desire  to  be 
thankefuU  &  to  pray  for  yor  Lorp  &  Noble  Lady  wth  all  yors  & 
rest  one  of 

Kendall  the  10th  of  Jan.  Yor  Lorps  most  faithfull  aervanta 

1645.  in  Christ 

Henry  Masy 

I  desire  yor  Lorp  to  signify  (in  two  words)  when  I  shall  waite  on 
yor  Lorp  in  London.     I  desire  to  do  it,  for  some  speaciall  busynes  I 


The   Ejected    of  1662 

have  to  do,  or  rathr  yor  Lorp  to  do  for  me  &  I  would  willingly  come 
opportunely  &  wrote  of  it  lately. 

[Endorsed  :] 

Mr.  Masy. 

10  June  1645  [Note  discrepancy  in  month] 

To  the  right  Honble  Lord   Wharton 

at  his  house  in  Clarkenwell 

these  d.d. 

in  London. 


Eight  Honourable 

Or  County  of  Westmrland  is  dayly  anoyed  by  the  Skeptoners,  very 
lately  on  Satturday  Morning  last  six  of  or  [our]  friends  were  taken  by 
them  &  carried  prisoners  to  Skepton,  the  whole  Country  is  in  vry 
greate  danger  to  be  uttrly  lost,  if  any  enemie  should  but  entr,  the 
Country  souldiers  are  ready  to  ioyne  wth  them  they  ar  growne  so 
much  disaffected  that  honest  men  ar  in  dangr  of  ther  neighbours  the 
capteyne  &  superiour  officers  may  comand  but  vry  fewe  or  none  will 
obey  :  or  country  (as  I  indeede  weis  evr  afeared)  since  ther  opposeing 
the  Scots  &  the  Scots  requiteall  of  them,  do  openly  declare  themselves 
&  spare  not  to  vente  ther  formrly  concealed  rebellion  wishing  for  the 
Skeptoners  and  others  wch  all  good  men  accounte  enemies,  the  towne 
of  Kendall  &  the  Country  ar  alike  rotten,  &  fewe  they  be  that 
considr  the  maladie  of  or  country,  &  howe  neer  it  is  to  be  lost  &  uttrly 
swallowed  up  of  enemies  :  Mr  Benson  or  worthy  maior  of  Kendall  & 
my  selfe,  seeing  the  dangrous  &  tottringe  estate  of  or  country  on 
Wednesday  last  came  to  Yorke,  and  addressed  or  selves  &  psented  or 
country  dangrs  to  the  Ld  Ffairfax  &  rest  of  the  Commiasionrs  who 
wished  us  to  sett  downe  in  writeing  what  meanes  we  conceave  best 
for  pventing  future  dangrs  &  reduceing  or  Country,  for  genally  it  is 
all  out  of  frame,  and  this  writeing  beinge  prsented  to  them  this 
mourneinge  the  Comissionrs  vry  nobly  answred  to  evry  pticular.  The 
first  thing  considred  for  prsent  safety  was  that  Colonell  Wren  wth 
his  2  or  3  hundred  horse  (being  at  psent  in  Barronry)  might  be 
ordered  to  continue  there  for  Defence  &  safety  of  or  county  till  some 
other  helpe  may  be  supplyed  &  raysed  in  or  Country  to  his  assistance. 
Secondly  it  was  desired  that  a  troope  of  Dragones  might  be  raysed  in 
the  Barronry  &  a  troope  of  horse  already  listed  undr  Colonel  Belling- 
ham.  Thirdly  that  an  honest  experienced  souldier  might  be  sent  by 
the  Comissionrs  into  the  Barronry  to  be  Comandr  m  Chiefe  ovr  the 
forces  that  shalbe  then  raysed,  for  Colonel  Bellingham  hath  layd 
downe  his  Comission,  the  country  beinge  growne  so  refractory,  that 
none  can  prvayle  wth  them  unlesse  some  strangr  do  it.  AH  the 
pmissed  pticulars  the  Comissionrs  thought  necessary  to  be  graunted 
us.     The  lord  give  the  blessinge  I  thought  it  not  amisse  to  acquaynte 


Kendal  889 

yor  Lorp  wth  the  psent  state  of  or  Barronry  &  indeede  that  pt  of 
the  County  wch  we  call  Westmland  is  in  vry  little  or  no  bettr  posture 
then  we  ar  the  souldiers  for  most  pte  do  rathr  comand  then  obey 
comands  we  desire  yor  Lorps  consayle  &  prayers  :  the  lord  looke  in 
mercy  on  his  afflicted  Sion. 

I  crave  yor  Lorps  pdon  &  shall  evr  rest 
yor  Lorps  faythfull  Servant  in  the 
L  Jesus 

Henrie  Masy 

Yorke  the  13th  of  June 
1645. 

[Endorsed  :] 

13  June 

Mr  Masy  to  mee 

1.  of  condition  of  Westmerland 

2.  of  a  Comandr  in  chiefe. 


Bight  Honorable 

Tho  two  Mr.  Coles  are  lately  come  from  London  &  I  do  (in  there 
behalfe)  returne  yor  Lorp  hearty  thanks  for  yor  Noble  favours  towards 
them  &  we  have  all  greate  cause  to  blesse  god  for  rayseing  up  such 
Honrable  Patriohates  of  honest  men.  I  vry  lately  sent  yor  Lorp  a 
note  inclosed  in  a  lettr  cooiceameing  the  base  carriage  of  a  ministr 
here  in  these  pts  according  to  direction  of  Sr  Will  Ermine  &  rest  of 
Commissionrs  at  ther  last  beinge  wth  me  in  the  Country  :  the  speeches 
&  actions  of  the  minstr  ar  proved  by  oath  of  two  sufficient  witnesses 
before  or  Comittee  at  Kendall.  I  have  the  deposition  wth  the  hands 
of  or  Comittee  subscribed  &  shall  send  all  to  yor  Lorp  if  it  please  yor 
Lorp  to  give  me  the  best  intimation,  for  I  assure  yor  Lorp  if  course 
be  not  taken  wth  such  ministrs  we  can  expect  little  hopes  of  welfare 
of  Church  or  Commonweale.  Concearneing  addition  to  my  poore 
meanes  at  Kendall,  I  did  according  to  yor  Lorps  Directions  send,  that 
the  B.  of  Chester  wch  was  or  [our]  Diocesan  hath  no  lands  nor  rents 
wthin  Westmerland  &  therefore  I  desired  yor  Lorp  to  considr  of  some 
othr  way,  as  Durham  Winchester  &  but  I  must  not  limitte  yor  Lorp 
concearneing  yor  Kyrby  Stephen  I  made  bold  to  write  that  (god 
willing)  I  shall  shortly  waite  on  yor  Lorp  &  shall  then  be  glad  to  help 
on  that  desposall  as  shalbe  glory  to  god,  comfort  to  his  Church  &  best 
content  to  yor  Lorp.  I  promised  yor  Lorp  a  charre  pie  but  the  longs 
frost  closed  up  Windrmer  Water  untill  vry  late  &  nowe  have  begune 
the  busynes,  two  charre  pies  will  be  ready  this  weeke,  &  then  I  f  eare 
I  shall  wante  carrier,  yor  Lorp  shall  receave  them  (god  willing)  wth 
the  first  opportunity.     Yor   Lorp   may   boast  of   yor  expectations    & 


890 


The   Ejected   of  1662 


god  willing  I  shall  not  fayle.   thus  with  my  prayrs   for  yor  Lorp 
furtherance  of  all  yor  Honrable  imployment 
I  rest 
Yor  Lorps   humble  Servant  in  Christ  Jesus 
Kendall  the  12th  of  ffebr 


1645 
[Endorsed]     12  Ffeb  1645 
Mr.  Masy  to  mee 


Hen];ie  Masy 

To  the  Right  Honable 
Lord  Wharton  at 
his    house    Clarkenwell 
or  his  Lodgeings 
Whitehall 

These 
London. 


Right  Honrable 

Col.  Benson  returned  home  to  Kendal  Wednesday  last,  he  reports 
of  yor  Lorps  favour  towards  him  &  greate  paynes  yor  Lorp  take  for 
effecting  his  desires  in  his  busynes.  he  is  vry  thankefuU  &  so  am  I 
his  friend  to  God  in  rayssing  up  yor  Lorp  for  the  many  Noble  favours 
you  did  for  him  &  I  prsume  he  shall  evr  testyfy  it  in  any  service  (to 
his  powr)  that  yor  Lorp  shall  comand.  I  am  intreated  by  two 
speaciall  friends  to  the  cause  to  write  to  yor  Lorp  in  ther  behalfe.  I 
make  bold  to  do  it  knoweing  yor  Lorps  readynes  &  noble  disposition 
to  here  &  help  honest  men,  in  any  lawfuU  &  faiseable  mattr.  First 
one  Mr.  Jackson  ministr  of  Whittingham  neare  Kyrby  Lonsdall,  a  vry 
pious  &  honest  able  man  haveing  heretofore  entred  bond  as  surety 
wth  a  popish  recusant  (I  psume  it  was  wth  hopes  to  gayne  him  to  or 
Church)  principall  for  the  sume  of  lOOli,  this  was  donne  before  these 
troubles,  &  the  popish  gentleman  proveing  a  Delinquent  all  his  lands  & 
meanes  beinge  sequestred,  is  utterly  disabled  to  satisfy  that  debt, 
whereuppon  honest  Mr.  Jackson  is  like  to  beare  the  burden,  but  I 
feare  it  will  breake  his  backe  &  the  creditours  (now  tyme  begineing  to 
be  open  (?)  in  Lancashire  where  Mr.  Jackson  lives  that  suites  may  be 
tryed)  doth  labour  to  pursue  ^Ir.  Jackson  &  recovr  his  lOOli  of  him 
wch  indeed  is  easyly  done  for  the  bond  is  cleere.  Yet  if  lawe  pceede 
agaynst  Mr.  Jackson  &  compell  him  to  pay  it  as  it  will  do,  he  will  "be 
undone,  and  not  able  to  subsist  haveing  wife  &  many  children, 
14  children  he  hath  &  the  15th  (is  by  this  tyme  borne  for  every  houre 
his  wife  lookes  for  it)  this  is  this  honest  ministrs  desire  &  I  earnestly 
desire  the  same,  that  yor  Lorp  be  pleased  to  advise  his  friend  (that 
will  repaire  to  yor  Lorp)  what  course  may  be  taken  that  Mr.  Jackson 
may  have  satisfaction,  if  any  be  to  be  had  out  of  the  delinquents 
estate  of  lands  or  woods,  or  any  way  whereby  himselfe  &  the  publike 
be  not  priudiced,  we  leave  it  to  yor  Lorps  wisdome,  &  information 
of  any  that  shall  be  imployed  to  come  to  yor  Lorp.     I  am  sure  if  yor 


Kendal  891 

Lorp  can  help  him  you  shall  not  neede  repent  of  it  he  is  so  honest  a 
ministr.     My  other  friend  is  Capteyne  Rippon  of  Lancastr,   I  assure 
yor  Lorp  he  is  a  vry  deserveing  man  and  hath  done  vry  valliantly  in 
this  service  it  seemes,  tho  it  is  arreares  behynde.     I  desire  yor  Lorp 
to  direct  him  and  helpe  him,  himselfe  can  best  informe  yor  Lorp  the 
case  how  it  stands,  &  what  he  shall  relate  to  yor  Lorp  conceameing 
his  desires  yor  Lorp  may  credite  him  for  he  is  godly  &  honest  &  such 
men  deserve  to  be   respected  &  encouraged  thus   hopeing  yor  Lorps 
favours  will  further  him  &  finish  his  busynes  I  hmnbly  desire  pdon 
for  my  boldnes   wth  my  continuall   prayrs   for  yor  Lorp   I   rest 
Yor  most  faythfull  servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Henrie  Masy 
Kendall  the  28th  of  ffebr 

1645 
[Endorsement  cannot   be    seen    except :] 

about  Capt  Rippon 

Mr.  Jackson  a  minister. 

Bight  Honrable 

Yor  Lorp  wished  me  to  take  notice  what  lands  or  rents  ar  in 
Westmrland  beloaigeing  to  the  Bisp  of  Chester.  I  have  formrly 
certifyed  yor  Lorp  ther  ar  none,  &  therefore  if  yor  Lorp  please  to 
pcure  any  addition  of  meanes  to  my  poore  Vicaradge  of  Kendall,  I 
desire  j'or  Lorp  (I  am  resolved  of  yor  Noble  favours)  that  you  thinke 
of  Durham  or  any  othr  bysh  [Bishop]  estates  for  this  purpose. 
Colonell  Benson  at  his  returne,  putt  me  in  mynde  of  anothr  way ; 
the  Earle  of  Worcester  &  the  Lord  Herbert  now  Earle  of  Glamorgan 
(Worcestrs  Sonne)  have  land  in  Kendall  parke,  neere  or  towne  to  the 
value  of  lOOli  or  sixcore  pounds  p  annu  that  is  undr  Sequestration 
(yor  Lorp  knowes  what  there  conditions  ar)  &  likely  to  be  (by  the 
pliament)  disposed  of  wch  if  yor  Lorp  shall  add  to  my  income  I  shall 
take  as  a  greate  blessing  from  god  &  yor  Lorp  &  shall  endeavour  to  be 
really  thankefull.  beggars  must  not  be  choosers  therefore  I  submitt  & 
leave  all  to  yor  Lorps  disposall,  whether  here  or  there,  so  it  be  done, 
I  had  almost  sayd  it  must  be  done.  I  desire  yor  Lorp  let  me  be  bold 
to  say  something  conceameing  ye  Kirby  Stephen.  When  I  was  in 
London  last  time  (since  yor  Lorp  being  in  or  Country)  I  pceaved  yor 
Lorp  enclined  (if  no  more)  to  independent  side.  I  confesse  the 
inclination  is  towards  many  godly  &  worthy  mens  opinions,  if  ther 
opinions  do  terminate  in  what  is  knowne  at  psent,  if  discipline  were  all 
they  stand  on  it  were  no  greate  mattr,  but  I  feare  (I  have  reade  some 
thing  that  ther  doctrine  wch  now  is  orthodoxey  &  they  declare  nones 
els)  wilbe  found  otherwise,  before  yor  Lorp  step  further  into  that 
streame,  I  desire  yor  Lorp  to  be  sure  there  is  footeing  towarde  safety 
for  assure  yor  selfe  they  have  not  as  yet  declared  themselves  &  many 
engredients   must  be  of  othr   opinions    now   extant    to    make    up   a 


892  The    Ejected    of  1662 

miscellanious  worke,  I  am  weake  I  know  yor  Lorp  is  wise,  the  pducte 
of  the  pmisses  is  following  :  if  yor  Lorp  should  too  much  dote  on  and 
adore  that  way,  it  may  be  pbable  yor  Lorp  will  send  a  ministr  of  that 
make  to  Kyrby  Stephen  wch  would  be  vry  inconvenient  ptly  in  regard 
novelty  yet  disputable  in  or  Country  though  I  hope  he  &  my  selfe 
should  well  accorde  in  affections  though  not  in  opiinions  &  ptly  in 
regard  of  yor  Lorps  outward  content  as  thus  yor  Lorp  must  pay 
him  yearely  so  much,  &  gathr  the  tythes,  for  they  deny  &  will  not 
accept  of  tithes.  &  if  yor  Lorp  should  afford  him  (as  I  psame  you 
will)  a  sufficient  meanes,  yet  aftr  a  short  tyme  he  shall  undrstand 
that  tithes  be  payd  to  yor  Lorps  servaint  he  canot  forbeare  (by  ther 
owne  principles)  but  must  preach  agaynst  the  pishioners  for  paying 
&  yor  Lorp  for  takeing  tithes  wch  I  knowe  will  come  to  passe 
experience  in  some  place  this  side  Trent  proves  the  truth  of  the 
pniisses  wherefore  if  yor  Lorp  please  to  suspend  the  disposall  of  that 
liveing  but  a  little  I  shall  god  willing  shortly  aftr  Eastr  waite  an  yor 
Lorp  in  London  aboute  my  pticular  above  mentioned  &  then  I  doubt 
not  (though  I  am  unworthy  to  prsume)  but  I  shall  (if  yor  Lorp  please 
to  afford  me  that  favour)  fitt  yor  Lorp  wth  a  vry  able,  honest  & 
godly  ministr,  for  that  people  must  be  pounded  in  a  mortal  &  made 
up  a  newe,  if  yor  Lorp  please  to  hearken  to  me  one  of  yor  Lorps  most 
faythfuU  devoted  servants.  I  hope  God  shall  have  glory  that  people 
comfort,  &  yor  Lorp  full  content  for  I  knowe  the  mystry.  I  humbly 
desire  yor  Lorp  pdon  my  boldnes  1  am  yor  Lorps  sincere  friend  & 
shall  remayne 

Yor  Lorps  faythfuU  Servaint  in  the 
Lord   Jesus 
Appleby  the  3th  of  March  1645.  Henrie  Masy. 

[Endorsed]  3  March   1645 

Mr  Masy  to  mee 

Kirby  steaven 
his  owne  addition 

To  the  right  Honrable  Lord  Wharton 
at  his  house  in  Clerkenwell 
or  his  lodgings  at  Whitehall 
these 
d.d. 

London. 
Right  Honrable 

I  receaved  yor  Lorps  lettr  of  the  10th  of  March  wherein  I  pceave 
yor  Lorp  hath  receaved  the  Charre-pies^  wth  a  charge  to  omitte  it  on 
the  future.  I  shall  pmise  not  to  send  any  more  this  lent  but  for  the 
next  yeare  we  knowe  not  what  it  bring  forth.     I  heartily  thanke  yor 

1.  In  "The  Flemings  in  Oxford"  are  several  references  to  the  Chart 
and  Charr  Pies. 


Kendal  893 

Lorp  for  acceptance  I  have  here  inclosed  sent  yor  Lorp  pticulars  of  the 
L.  of  Worcestrs  land  in  or  [our]  Kendall  parke,  in  the  criginall  rentall 
•wch  I  gott  of  the  Steward  of  that  land  the  rents  (as  he  told  me)  some 
of  them  so  high  that  the  tenants  of  divers  pcells  have  layd  dov?ne  ther 
leases,  &  othrs  that  continue  for  ther  necessity  canot  save  wee  hardly 
gett  ther  rent  they  yearely  pay.  Whereuppon  I  conferred  wth  a 
friend  or  two  in  or  towne  men  vry  honest  &  experienced  concearning 
the  worth  yearely  value  of  the  sevall  leases  and  they  have  according 
to  truth  &  iudgement  sett  on  such  equall  rents  wch  they  in  conscience 
be  psuaded  may  be  given  &  what  they  thinke  is  more  likely  to  yeeld 
pfit  for  the  land  &  a  poore  saveinge  bargaiyne  for  the  tenants  when 
the  necessarie  charges,  as  Kings  rent  &  Stewards  fees  ar  deducted,  Yor 
Lorp  will  se  that  such  a  mattr  as  is  lost  yearely  will  be  little  anough 
for  addition  to  this  church  of  Kendall.  I  doubt  not  of  yor  Lorps 
fui'therance  &  pfecting  this  busynes  for  me.  I  have  experience  of 
many  of  yor  Noble  favours  formrly  wch  causeth  me  to  depend  for 
this  future  I  humbly  thanke  yor  Lorp  that  you  ar  pleased  to  passe  by 
my  boldnes  with  yor  Lorp  conceameing  Kyrby  Stephen — truly  my 
love  to  yor  Lorp  compelled  me — though  the  advice  came  from  me  yet 
I  assure  yor  Lorp  it  was  true  to  be  trusted,  blessed  be  God  that 
owneth  his  owne  worke  &  pspers  or  armies,  the  same  god  blesse 
&  psp  [prosper]  yor  Lorp  in  yor  weighty  imployments  this  shalbe 
the  pryr  dayly  of 

Yor  Lorps  most  humble  servant  in  Christ  Jesus 
Kendall  the   17th  of  Henrie  Masy. 

March  1645 
[Endorsed]      Mr.    Masy 

17th  March  1645. 

Right  Honrable 

The  last  weeke  I  sent  (according  to  yor  Lorps  directions)  a  pticular 
of  the  Lord  of  Worcesters  land  neere  Kendall.  I  hope  it  is  come  to 
yor  Lorps  hand  er  this  tyme  &  since  that  I  have  a  vry  good  argument 
to  reitrate  my  humble  petition  to  yor  Lorp  conceameing  addition  of 
the  value  of  that  land  to  my  poore  vicarage  of  Kendall — for  though 
none  is  acquainted  wth  this  yor  Lorps  favour  intended  towards  me, 
yet  I  pceave  (this  beinge  the  tyme  of  reckoneing  for  Eastr  dues)  that 
or  people  will  not  pay  customary  dues  (conscience  is  lost  wth  many  or 
most)  since  easter  last  the  pettie  dues  payable  to  me  ar  abated  (at 
least)  twenty  markes  buriall  &  churcheing  dues  ar  all  deteyned, 
people  desire  ther  old  mumpsimus  of  the  service  booke  wch  is  I 
hope  happily  exploded,  &  thereuppon  people  will  not  pay — it  is  wth 
them  no  pater  noster  no  peny,  besides  this  I  suppose  the  last  yeare  a 
third  pt  payd  not  any  dues  at  all,  nevr  reckoned,  &  such  as  then  did  & 
now  do  reckon  they  pay  but  the  third  pt  of  what  they  should,  this  I 
thought  fitt  to  acquaynt  yor  Lorp  wthall,  that  yor  Lorp  may  se  what 


894  The   Ejected   of  1662 

a  poore  pittance  is  likely  to  be  left  to  the  Vicaradge  &  that  this 
may  serve  to  be  a  petition  effectuall  to  yor  Lorp,  to  endeavour 
(of  wch  I  doubt  not)  to  gett  the  value  of  Lord  of  Worcestrs  land 
here  in  Kendall  parks  or  any  other  to  be  settled  &  conferred  firmely 
to  this  Kendall  vicaradge.  god  vs^illing  I  shall  waite  on  yor  Lorp  in 
Londooi  er  longe.  I  hope  yor  Lorp  will  gett  this  addition  (wch  will 
be  little  enough  for  such  a  place  as  this)  before  that  tyme  and  then 
(if  yor  Lorp  shall  please  to  give  me  leave)  I  shall  acquaynte  yor  Lorp 
wth  a  piect  [project]  I  have  concearneing  Kyrby  Stephen,  &  desposall 
of  it  to  glory  of  God  the  peoples  comfort  &  yor  Lorps  full  consent  : 
.we  here  a  sound  (yet  a  farre  off)  of  vry  glorious  things  in  the  West 
God  hath  wrought  for  us,  the  Lord  carry  alonge  his  owne  worke  by 
such  noble  instruments  as  he  hath  begune  both  in  consell  &  in  worke 
the  God  almighty  blesse  &  psp  [prosper]  yor  Lorp  in  all  yor  weighty 
imployments  this  shalbe  the  prayer  of 

Yor  Lorps   most    devoted 
servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  this  23rd  of  March  1645 

Henrie  Masy 
[Endorsed]  23    March   1645 

Mr.   Masy  to  mee 

about  his  poore  vicarage  &   the  addition. 

Right  Honrable 

I  have  longe  forborne  writeing  &  comeing  to  yor  Lorp  uppon  this 
grounde — aboute  a  month  since  ther  was  a  Combrland  woman 
(comeing  from  an  infected  place)  came  to  or  towne  &  dyed  there  (& 
it  was  vry  pbable)  of  the  plague  so  that  I  durst  not  to  send  &  putt  a 
lettr  into  yor  Lorps  hand  for  had  it  pleased  God  to  have  spread  it 
furthr  we  knowe  not  who  could  (in  sense  of  man)  have  knowne 
himselfe  free,  ther  being  so  much  visiteing  the  woman  in  her  sicknes  & 
such  mingleing  of  people  togethr.  Or  [our]  f eare' is  past  &  now  we  hope 
the  best,  for  since  that  woman's  death,  or  towne  hath  beene  in  a  vry 
good  condition  or  maior  &  aldrmen  used  their  best  care,  &  blessed  be 
God  it  is  yet  vry  well.  We  deserve  the  worst  but  we  enioy  the 
best,  the  Lord  sanctify  all  passages  of  his  pvidence  to  me.  This  last 
weeke  I  was  at  Yorke  with  the  two  Mr.  Coles,  on  thursday  last  they 
were  tryed  wth  Hardy — the  Coles  were  freed  from  the  malice  of 
malignants  by  a  Councell  of  Warre  (they  ar  thankefuU  to  God,  &  to 
yor  Lorp)  Hardy  was  found  &  the  burden  of  the  mans  death  was  layd 
on  him,  he  was  condemned  to  imprisonment  for  a  yeare  &  a  day, 
rankes  ( ?)  (as  the  ordr  was)  Genrall  Poyntz  or  that  board  should  take 
him  off  &  sett  him  at  liberty,  this  is  substance  of  ending  that  busynes. 
If  I  might  be  bold  I  desire  yor  Lorp  to  write  to  Generall  Poyntz  for  the 
freeinge  of  Hardy  he  is  a  vry  poore  man,  &  in  this  act  of  killing  the 
malignant  pty,  I  psume  he  is  to  be  favourably  dealt  wthall  for  he  was 


Kendal 


895 


a  stranger  in  that  country  where  the  fact  was  &  to  the  pty,  only  a 
suddeyne  quarrell  fell  out  betweene  the  Coles  Hardy  &  the  malignant 
slayne  &  at  that  tyme  when  the  Lord  Digby  came  into  Westmerland 
when  all  welwishrs  were  in  armes  for  pservation  of  or  county  the 
man  slayne  ieered  such  as  were  ready  to  resist  the  enemy,  &  in  this 
respect  I  doubt  not  but  3  lines  from  yor  Lorp  to  Genall  Poyntz  will  in 
short  tyme  pcure  Hardy  his  liberty,  for  myne  owne  busynes  addition 
of  501i  p  annu  out  of  the  Sequestrations  of  Deane  &  Chaptr  of  Durham 
for  wch  I  had  an  Ordr  (by  yor  Lorps  meanes)  &  that  ordr  I  sent 
prsently  to  be  prsented  to  the  Comittee  at  Durham,  but  I  receaved 
only  a  slydeing  Answr  I  have  sent  thrice  since  &,  had  no  answr  this 
weeke  (god  willing)  I  purpose  to  send  a  speaciall  messengr  thether  & 
according  as  I  here  of  entrtaynement  of  that  ordr  I  shall  at  my 
comeing  to  London  (wch  will  be  shortly)  acquaynt  yor  Lorp.  in  the 
intrim  I  humbly  desire  yor  Lorp  to  thinke  of  some  othr  way  if  I 
fayle  there  for  addition  I  shall  thinke  it  very  strange  that  many  in  or 
county  &  all  these  Northerne  pts  ar  supplyed  &  my  poore  self  should 
want,  whereas  (I  desire  yor  Lorp  leave  to  write  it)  no  ministr  nor  any 
othr  man  in  this  County  or  beyond  us  hath  suffred  &  done  for  service 
of  pliament  as  I  have,  I  speake  this  (wch  is  a  truth)  not  to  be  registred 
but  to  be  relieved,  not  to  boast  but  to  be  pittyed.  Yor  Lorp  knows 
my  service  in  doing  &  I  have  &  do  feele  my  sufferings  I  desire  yor 
Lorp  that  that  addition  ordered  for  me  at  Durham,  or  any  ether 
place  wch  may  be  sure  be  pformed  yesterday  we  heard  from  Mr 
Sheriff  Branthwayte  of  the  Comiasion  for  the  peace  wch  yor  Lorp 
sent  &  this  weeke  Mr  Sheriffe  &  or  Barronry  men  have  (this  day) 
appoynted  a  meeteing  aboute  it  &  to  Conferre  aboute  the  signing 
accounts  of  or  County,  thus  humbly  craveing  pdon  my  prayrs  shalbe 
for  Yor  Lorp  &  the  greate  work  in  hand  desiring  yor  Lorp  not 
to  fiinke  too  deepe  &c  I  rest 

Yor    Lorps   most   devoted    servant 
in  the   L.   Jesus 
Kendall  the  29th  of  Henrie  Masy 

June     1646 
[Endorsed]     Mr.  Masy 

29th  June    1646. 


Right   Hanble 

I  i^eoeaved  yor  Lorps  lettr  this  last  weeke  &  another  some  14  dayes 
past  wch  expressions  of  yor  Noble  favours,  I  humbly  thanke  yor  Lorp 
I  have  lately  (according  to  yor  Lorps  directions)  sent  yor  Lorp  a 
rentall  of  pticulars  of  the  Earle  of  Worcestrs  lands,  here  in  Kendall 
parke  I  hope  er  this  tyme  Yor  Lorp  hath  gotten  it  added  to  my  small 
meanes  here  at  Kendall.  I  shall  not  trouble  Yor  Lorp  wth  arg  :  I 
knowe  right  well  Yor  Noble  disposition  &  willingnes  (though 
undeserved)    towards    my    selfe,    experience   of   Yor    Lorps    favours 


896  The   Ejected    of  1662 

causeth  dependancie,  it  must  be  donne  if  not  donne  already.  On 
thursday  last  a  lettr  came  to  Colonell  Benson  from  Dr.  Manring 
Chancellour  of  Chestr  Bysh  wherein  he  wrote  that  he  was  sueing  & 
petitioneing  the  pliament  with  hope  to  obteyne  a  Comission  & 
setlement  in  authority  for  pbate  of  Wills  &  administrations  in  all  the 
Diocese  of  Chestr  wch  if  he  should  have  graunted  it  would  be  a 
contradiction  to  that  wch  is  alreddy  graunted  (by  yor  Lorps  speaciall 
favour)  to  Colonell  Benson  for  the  Deaneries  graunted  to  him  ar 
wthin  that  Diocese-  I  am  bold  therefore  once  agayne  to  desire  yor 
Lorp  to  take  speaciall  care  that  Colonell  Benson  be  not  priudiced  nor 
troubled,  by  any  graunte  may  be  made  of  the  same  given  him  already 
(by  yor  Lorps  speaciall  favour)  I  psiune  Yor  Lorps  lawe  to  Colonell 
Benson  shall  not  be  pvented  if  yor  Lorps  greate  &  wayhty  imploye- 
ments  will  but  suffr  you  to  cast  yor  eye  that  way  to  se  what  passages 
may  be  in  pliament  conceameing  matters  of  that  natear.  I  am  bold 
to  acquaynte  yor  Lorp  with  Dr  Manerings  purpose  for  I  knowe  yor 
Lorp  will  not  suffr  a  nullity  of  that  favour  done  (deservedly)  to 
Mr.  Benson  :  I  shall  not  compare  the  Colonell  &  the  Chancellour,  only 
thus  :  Colonell  Benson  hath  beene  (Yor  Lorp  well  knowes)  evr  firme  & 
active  in  the  good  cause  in  hand,  &  hath  much  suffred  in  his  pson, 
goods  &  liberties,  &  the  othr  hath  beene  evr  a  malignant  &  active 
in  the  popish  side  &  stood  out  till  the  yeelding  of  Chestr.  I  knowe 
the  gentleman  well,  &  I  do  much  pitty  him  for  his  peevishness  &  for 
his  prsent  poverty  &  do  wish  that  some  care  be  had  of  him,  so  or 
honest  Colonell  be  not  priudiced  nor  hindred  in  what  is  already 
graunted  to  him,  or  on  his  further  petitioning  may  be  conferred  on 
him,  for  honest  men  must  be  first  respected,  &  all  speaciall  favours 
bestowed  on  them  bread  of  wheate  belonges  to  them  and  lett  othrs 
have  huskes.  Right  Noble,  since  the  begining  of  writeing  this  psent 
lettr,  I  thought  of  one  principall  thing  conceameing  the  Earle  of 
VVorcesters  land  in  parke  neere  Kendall,  if  Yor  Lorp  please  to  make 
addition  of  that  whole  land  to  my  poore  Vicaradge  it  will  do  well, 
but  Yor  Lorp  shall  please  to  adde  lOOli  p  annu  (the  land  will  beare  it) 
though  the  pticular  Yor  Lorp  receaved  is  undr  that  sume  yet  I  desire 
yor  Lorp  charge  that  land  to  pay  lOOli  p  ann  &  something  will  be  for 
the  publike,  besides  that  annuity,  for  my  pt  I  had  rathr  to  enioy  lOOli 
p  annu  then  halfe  so  much  more  in  land,  the  trouble  of  it  will  be  greate 
to  me.  I  humbly  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  pcure  so  much  &  I  psume  some 
purchaser  (if  the  pliament  will  sell  it)  I  knowe  will  come  in  &  purchase 
what  is  left,  it  is  too  litle  for  Yor  Lorp  to  thinke  of  it,  but  it  will 
pleasure  a  meane  friend.  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  conferre  with  this 
bearer  Capteyne  John  Archer  aboute  it  I  prsimae  he  will  deale  in 
the  purchase  (the  yearely  charge  above  mentioned  sett  on  that  land) 
the  remaynder  wch  canot  be  much  &  if  Yor  Lorp  have  thought  of  no 
other  I  earnestly  desire  this  gentleman  may  be  the  man  he  is  one  of  or 
Aldermen,  a  man  vry  pious  honest  and  active  for  the  cause,  &  deserves 


Kendal 


897 


more  respects  then  extraordinary,  if  Yor  Lorp  please  to  conferre  wth 
him  you  will  fynd  him  a  vry  rationall  man,  &  such  on  (he  being  a 
Comittee  man)  that  is  a;ble  to  rendr  account*  of  the  state  of  this 
County  (&  I  suppose  of  othr  Counties)  in  as  undrstanding  and 
intelligent  a  mannr  as  any  I  knowe  being  evry  way  able,  for  piety 
politie  &  purse.  I  prsume  Yor  Lorp  have  heard  of  the  death  of 
the  Vicar  of  Applby  the  Donation  I  here  belongs  to  Deane  &  Chapter 
of  Carlile,  but  now  in  hands  of  the  pliament,  the  pliament  pvision  for 
that  place  &  the  viaradge  would  be  vry  good  meanes  for  an  honest 
able  ministr.  I  beseech  Yor  Lorp  take  care  of  it,  the  man  must  be  an 
experienced  labourer  in  Gods  vineard  :  God  willing  I  shall  shortly 
waite  on  Yor  Lorp — in  the  interim  &  evr  I  shall  not  cease  to  make 
mention  of  Yor  Lorp  &  Yors  in  my  prayers  &  shall  evr  rest 
Yor  Lorps  most  humble 

servant  in  the   Lord   Jesus 


Kendall  the  2  of  Aprill 

1646. 
[Endorsed]      2   Aprill  1646 

Mr.  Masy  to  mee  &c. 


Henrie  Masy. 


To  the  right  Honble  &c. 
[As  before.] 


Right  Honable 

I  receaved  Yor  Lorps  lettr  of  the  28th  of  Aprill  wherein  (I 
thankefully  acfcnoweledge)  I  undrstand  Yor  Lorps  continued  Noble 
favours  in  endeavouring  addition  for  me  :  the  manr  &  meanes  of 
obteyneing  it  &  from  whome  it  shall  come,  I  dare  not  pcribe  :  but 
that  of  Durham  I  best  approve  of,  for  there  I  knowe  was  &  is  greate 
&  large  revenues  but  I  leave  it  to  Yor  Lorps  care  &  wisdome  being 
assured  Yor  Lorp  is  ready  (as  alwayes  heretofore)  to  be  my  thrice 
Noble  frieaid  in  this  pticular  for  present  far  greatr  then  I  could  expect 
or  deserve  my  prayr  shalbe  evr  for  Yor  Lorp  &  all  Yors.  I  must 
alwayes  be  thankefull  to  thalmighty  for  Yor  Lorp  wth  abundant 
thanks  to  Yor  Lorp  for  many  favours  to  my  selfe  &  my  friend 
Mr  Benson  &  shall  evr  desire  really  to  be 

Yor  Lorps  hmnble  servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Henrie    Masy 
Kendall  the  5th  of  May  1646 

[Endorsed]     5  May  1646 

Mr  Masy  to  mee. 


Right  Honrable 

I  here  (&  it  is  truth)  that  there  is  a  Lancashire  man  petitioning 
the  pliament  (&  he  is  in  Londcm  psenting  it)  for  Comission  of 
pbate  of  Wills,  as  Colonell  Benson  hath  done,  and  by  Yor  Lorps 
speaciall  favour  or  Colonell  obteyned  it  now  this  Lancashire  man 
petitions  for  a  Comission  throughout  that  whole  County,  some  pt  of 


898  The   Ejected   of   1662 

that  County  is  the  chiefest  pt  of  Colonell  Bensons  graunte,  wch 
indeede  formrly  belonged  to  the  Colonell  by  purchase  &  lately 
confirmed  to  him  by  pliament,  the  last  lettr  I  troubled  Yor  Lorp 
wthall  was  to  this  same  purpose  to  certify  Yor  Lorp  that  Dr  Manring 
late  Chancellour  to  the  Bpsh  of  Chester  was  petitioning  the  same 
&  now  I  am  bold  to  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  of  this  othr  endeavouringe 
earnestly  desireing  Yor  Lorp  to  take  care  of  it,  for  if  it  should  be 
graunted  to  ether  of  them,  it  will  priudice  Colonell  Benson  &  frustrate 
what  Yor  Lorps  favour  hath  obteyned  for  him  wch  I  prsume  Yor 
Lorp  will  not  willingly  pmitt  that  cavalliers  Downe  right  violent 
«nemies  shall  reape  pfit  &  honest  men  nothing  but  paynes  &  pills  [perils] 
I  hope  by  Yor  Lorps  care  it  shall  not  be  so  in  this  pticular.  I  should 
be  glad  to  here  of  Yor  Lorps  pfecting  my  busynes  addititon  out  of 
the  Earle  of  Worcestrs  land  here  in  Kendall  parke.  I  sent  by 
Capteyne  Archr  one  of  Kendale  aldermen  to  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  more 
then  I  could  write  I  hope  it  it  is  done  er  this  tyme.  soone  after 
"White  Sonday  I  purpose  (god  willing)  to  waite  on  Yor  Lorp  in  London 
We  dayly  here  of  gladsome  newes  cooicearneing  Sr  Thom  Ffairfax 
pspous  success  I  desire  the  Lord  to  give  us  thankefuU  hearts  ft 
praying  spirits  for  pfecting  his  owne  worke  my  prayr  for  Yor  Lorp  I 
rest 

Yor   Lorps  most   devoted    servant 
in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  the  13th  of  Aprill  Henrie  Masy 

1646 
[Endorsed]      13  Aprill   1646 
Mr.  Masy  to  mee 
aboute  Coll.  Benson  To  the  right  &c- 

Right  Honrable 

I  lately  receaved  an  Ordr  (by  Yor  Lorps  spall  favour)  concearneing 
some  addition  to  my  Kendall  Vicaradge  out  of  the  Deane  &  Chaptr 
lands  of  Durha.  I  canot  but  acknoweledge  it  as  an  high  favour 
&  for  Yor  Lorps  continued  affection  to  my  poore  selfe  I  humbly 
thanke  god  that  hath  evr  enclined  Yor  Lorps  heart  to  reflect  uppon 
me  and  made  you  principally  instrimientall  for  my  good.  I  have  sent 
a  coppy  of  that  Ordr  to  Durham  to  be  psented  (by  a  vry  good  friend) 
to  the  Comittee  but  as  yet  I  here  nothing  of  ther  entrteynment  of  it : 
only  this  the  Clarke  of  the  Comittee  send  me  word  that  that  Comittee 
hath  no  powr  to  act  anything  I  have  returned  answr  to  him,  that  I 
conceave  the  powr  he  meante  was  only  concearneing  the  newe  modell 
and  Association  busynes,  not  the  powr  aboute  Sequestration  unto  wch 
this  Ordr  directly  poynts  at,  when  I  here  his  or  ther  answr  I  shall 
be  bold  to  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  wth  it.  I  have  made  bold  at  this 
psent  to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  in  behalfe  of  Mr.  Samuell  Cole  ministr  of 
Hevrsham,  whom  Yor  Lorp  knowes,  who  hath  tasted  &  almost  filled 


Kendal  899 

wth  Yor  Lorps  favour  towards  him  &  his  brother  (by  obteyning 
the  finall  determination  of  a  very  casuall  &  unhappy  busynes  at 
Milthrope)  to  that  Honrable  Comandr  Genrall  Poynts  to  be  tryed  by 
a  Couinsell  of  Warre  for  wch  they  often  expresse  humble  thankes  to 
Yor  Lorp,  &  this  formr  Noble  favour  towards  him  emboldens  me 
(I  knoweing  Yor  Lorps  readynes  to  help  an  honest  ministr)  to 
entreats  Yor  Lorp  to  directe  &  furthr  this  bearer  in  pcureing  addition 
for  Mr  Cole,  this  bearer  can  informe  Yor  Lorp  on  what  they  pitch. 
I  earnestly  desire  Yor  Lorps  speaciall  care  in  this  mattr.  I  shall  say 
to  Yor  Lorp  as  Sr  Waltr  Raweleigh  to  Q.  Eliz.  when  she  left  giveing 
he  would  leave  begging.  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  pdon  my  boldnes, 
for  often  troubleing  Yor  Lorp  both  for  my  selfe  &  friends,  or 
hearty  thankes  shall  not  be  wanting,  or  [ourj  prayrs  for  Yor  Lorp 
shall  dayly  be  engaged,  &  I  doubt  not  but  those  Yor  many  favours 
to  me  shall  prove  blessings  to  Yor  selfe  &  shall  abound  to  Yor  Lorps 
comfort  in  day  of  accompte  :  the  greate  God  &  givr  of  all  gifts  powr 
his  blessings  on  you  &  psper  Yor  Lorp  in  all  Yor  high  &  holy 
imployments.  I  purpose  (god  willing)  shortly  to  waite  on  Yor  Lorp,. 
in  meane  tyme  &  all  tyme  I  shall  rest 

Yor  Lorps  most  humble  servant  in  Christ  Jesus 
Kendall  this  30th  of  Henrie  Masy 

May   1646. 

Postscript  [in  Benson's  hand] 

My  very  good  Lord  After  psentacon  of  my  himible  service  and 
thankful!  acknowledgement  of  Yor  many  great  favours  to 
me  I  hiunblie  crave  leave  to  second  Mr  Masy  his  suite 
to  Yor  Honour  on  the  behalfe  of  Mr  Samuel  Cole  a  very 
Godlie  and  paynfull  Minister  Knoweinge  Yor  pious  disposicon 
to  all  such  I  shall  onely  add  that 
I    am 

Yor  Hours  moat  humble  and 
faithful  servant 
GER.   BENSON. 

To  the  Right  Honorble  &c. 

[Endorsed  :]      Mr.  Masy  to  mee 

about   Augmentation   for    Mr. 
Coles  living  30  May  1646. 

Right  Honrable 

I  blesse  God  I  am  safely  returned  to  Kendall,  where  I  found  all 
friends  in  health  I  am  bold  to  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  with  the  feares  of 
such  as  ar  honest  &  well  affected,  wch  ar  but  fewe  in  Compison  :  that 
when  the  Scots  ar  gone,  &  if  ther  shall  be  none  in  armes  for  Defence 
amongst  us  the  malignant  pty  in  or  Country  may  act  something  to  the 
disturbance  of  us  &  destruction  of  or  peace  we  nowe  enioy,  for  ther  be 


900  The   Ejected   of  1662 

vry  many  amongst  us  that  come  out  of  garrisons  lately  yeelded  &  the 
ill  affected  dwelling  wth  us  they  flock  togethr  &  have  ther  often 
meetings  &  insult  us  much  (if  not  more)  than  evr  ther  prode  [proud] 
&  lofty  carriages  exceede  formr  tymes,  what  the  issue  may  be  we 
knowe  not,  if  it  be  not  tymely  pvented,  its  feared  some  mischiefe 
may  breake  forth  in  or  pts.  We  have  one  troope  of  horse  undr 
Comand  of  Captyne  Johnson  one  of  the  modell :  if  the  Scots  leave 
us  (I  cons  [torn  away]  the  County  growne  undr  the  burden)  yet  if 
Capteyne  Johnsoai  be  appoynted  to  be  pvided  for  by  the  pliament  & 
to  stay  amongst  us,  it  will  (by  Gods  blessing)  pvent  or  Dangers 
feared,  he  is  &  evr  hath  beene  very  honest  &  faythfull  &  vry 
serviceable.  It  is  desired  (&  I  am  desired  to  signyfie  thus  much  to 
Yor  Lorp)  that  Yor  Lorp  considr  the  pmisses  &  pvide  the  best  for 
or  [our]  safety,  of  wch  we  ar  confident.  Since  my  retume  home,  I 
spake  wth  Mr.  Sheriffe  Branthwayte  Concearneing  Mr.  Benson,  to  be 
invested  into  so  much  land  (as  Yor  Lorp  directed  me)  wch  will  make 
him  capable  of  Justice  of  the  peace  in  or  County,  the  Sheriffe  answred 
it  may  be  wthout  it,  I  acquaynted  Col.  Benson  wth  it,  &  I  prsume  it 
will  be  donne  at  present  without  it,  he  haveing  land  of  his  owne  in 
Yorkshire,  if  that  will  not  bringe  him  into  such  a  capacity,  then  we 
shall  be  bold  to  trouble  Yor  Lorp  hereafter.  I  am  wished  to  mynd 
Yor  Lorp  of  that  busynes  (of  wch  Yor  Lorp  tooke  a  memorandu) 
concearneing  Willia  Garnet  of  Barbon  that  he  be  soUititour  for 
Sequestrations  in  Westmrland,  he  is  a  very  honest  man  &  usefuU,  it 
is  desired  he  be  imployed  also  for  Cumbrland,  but  I  leave  all  to  yor 
Lorps  wisedome  &  care,  thus  wth  hearty  thankes  for  Yor  Lorps 
Noble  favours,  my  prayr  for  Yor  Lorp  &  right  Noble  Lady  wth  all 
Yor  sweete  litle  ones 

I  rest 
Yor  Lorps  most  faythfull  servant 
in  the  Lord   Jesus 
Kendall  the  28th  of 

Sept.  1646.  Henrie  Masy 

[Endorsed]  :    Mr   Masy's   letter  to  my  Lord 

Conserning  Captaine    Johnson's    troope 

and  of  Col  Benson  being  made  Justice 

of  the  peace  the   28th   of   Sept   1646. 
[This  hand  is  not  Wharton's  :  it  differs  from  the  rest.] 

Right  Honble 

Since  I  pted  [parted]  from  Yor  Lorp  there  ar  two  gentlemen 
(cittizens  of  London)  ar  sued  for  want  of  payment  of  first  fruites  wch 
Kendall  Vicaradge  should  have  payd  by  Mr.  Hall  my  prdecessor  I 
confesse  when  he  left  the  Vicaradge  to  me  dureing  his  life  I 
undrtooke  to  paye  the  first  fruites  then  unpayd  on  his  composition, 
wch  was  two  ptes  of  foure  &  the  two  pts  comes  to  431i  or  44li  or 


Kendal  901 

thereabouts,  nowe  the  sureties  of  Mr  Hall  ar  sued  &  execution  out 
agaynst  them.  This  is  it  I  am  bold  to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  (though 
I  knowe  its  a  busynes  belowe  Yor  Lorps  greate  imployments)  that  Yor 
Lorp  be  pleased  to  send  honest  Mr.  Wing  to  the  first  fruite  office  to 
Stoppe  furthr  pceedings  agaynst  those  sureties  &  that  Yor  Lorp 
thinke  of  some  course  to  gett  the  bonds  up  that  lies  in  that  office 
against  the  gentlemen  into  wch  bonds  they  entred  in  lawe  to  Mr. 
Hall  &  indeede  there  is  greate  reason  that  some  pliamentary  way 
remitt  the  2  payemnts  yet  behynd  for  that  same  yeare  out  at  six 
monethes  &  six  monethes  they  should  have  beene  payd  out  of  the 
Pfits  of  Kendall  Vicaradge  the  Earle  of  Newecastle  wth  or  Comissionrs 
of  Array  sent  &  settled  one  Mr  L€ake  in  Kendall  Church  who  had 
all  the  pfits  of  one  yeare  &  pt  of  anothr  whiles  I  was  through  the 
insolence  of  the  Comissionrs  of  Array  forced  to  fly  for  sheltr  & 
safety  into  Scotland  &  lost  all,  the  pmisses  considered  me  thinks  at 
is  vry  resonable  that  the  payement  of  pt  of  first  fruites  behynd  should 
be  remitted  &  not  sued  for,  whenas  I  lost  all  that  should  have  payd 
&  rathr  to  be  exacted  (by  some  pliamentary  course)  &  recovred  of  the 
foresayd  Mr.  Leake  &  his  executours,  he  is  indeed  dead,  but  hath 
left  Land  in  Yorkshire  aboute  Dent  wch  may  sufficiently  pay  it,  the 
pties  who  have  the  land  remayneing  malignants  to  this  day.  I  desire 
Yor  Lorp  to  considr  how  the  sureties  of  Mr  Hall  &  my  selfe  may  be 
freed,  the  losse  of  all  (that  should  have  payd  it)  suffred  by  the  violence 
of  the  enemy  agaynst  me  may  pleade  a  discharge  of  the  bonds  in 
first  fruite  office  :  if  Yor  Lorp  be  pleased  to  shewe  Yor  selfe  in  it, 
I  prsume  it  may  be  done.  When  I  was  lately  in  London  I  told  Yor 
Lorp  of  the  comeing  of  my  eldest  sonne  from  Barbadoe  Hand  &  his 
arrivell  Plymoth.  Since  that  he  came  to  London  some  4  or  5  dayes 
aftr  I  left  it  &  misseing  me  there,  he  is  lately  come  to  Kendall,  & 
hath  shewed  me  divers  paprs  &  in  them  the  cause  of  comeing,  it 
seemes  the  hard  &  harsh  pceedeings  agaynst  him  by  such  as  is 
Govrnment  in  that  Hand  he  hath  beene  a  minister  10  or  11  yeares 
vry  well  beneficed  &  well  setled  in  land  of  his  owne  purchaseing  but 
aboute  March  last  till  midle  of  May  he  hath  beene  imprisoned  in  that 
Hand,  censured  &  deprived  of  all  &  not  suffred  to  carry  any  goods 
wth  him  to  afford  him  subsistence  in  prison,  nethr  suffred  to  take 
leave  of  or  se  his  wife  &  3  children  but  banished  (as  it  were)  come 
ovr  hithr.  I  have  sent  to  Yor  Lorp  hereenclosed  a  paper,  wch  is  a 
pt  of  the  pceedings  agaynst  him,  &  the  cause,  he  wilbe  vry  shortly 
in  London,  to  psent  to  the  pliament  his  grievances,  I  humbly  desire 
Yor  Lorp  in  the  interim  to  considr  what  course  he  may  take  &  how 
to  make  his  case  knowne  &  to  whom,  the  Honrable  Lord  of  Carlile  is 
Proprietor  of  that  Hand.  When  he  comes  to  London  I  humbly 
entreate  Yor  Lorp  to  give  him  Yor  Lorps  advise  and  direction  &  I 
desire  Yor  Lorp  to  give  motion  (as  Yor  Lorp  shall  thinke  fitt)  to 
his  petitions  &  pceedeings  for  recory  of  his  formr  estate  both  eccall  & 


902  The   Ejected   of  1662 

temporall,  yet  this  much  I  have  prvayled  wth  him  (aftr  he  hath 
vindicated  himselfe  &  be  (by  powr  of  pliament  setled  in  his  meanes) 
that  he  will  leave  that  Hand  &  despose  of  his  purchased  land  returne 
wth  his  wife  &  children  into  England  &  be  a  ministr  amongst  us  here 
&  I  should  be  right  glad  to  have  him  placed  in  or  Northerne  pts  I 
doubt  not  of  his  ability  &  goodnes  God  hath  wroughte  much  for  him  & 
in  him  blessed  be  his  name  I  greately  reioyce  to  se  his  face,  .1  say  no 
more,  he  is  my  sonne,  &  therefore  I  silence  my  pen,  only  this  I  humbly 
desire  Yor  Lorp  (as  you  have  been  alwayes  ready  to  bestow  Yor  Noble 
favours  on  me  &  myne)  that  if  he  can  despose  of  himselfe  to  accept  of 
a  pastoral  charge  here  in  England  that  Yor  Lorp  thinke  on  him  ethr 
for  Kyrby  Stephen  or  Appleby  but  Kyrby  Stephen  I  say  if  not 
already  gone.  I  doubt  not  of  his  .fitnes  but  I  leave  it  to  Yor  Lorps 
triale  of  him  or  tryall  of  any  othr  whom  Yor  Lorp  shall  best  truste.  I 
crave  pdon  for  my  boldnes  &  comend  all  the  pmisses  to  Yor  Lorps 
favour  &  furthrance  wth  hearty  thankes  for  all  Yor  Noble  favours 
pmiseing  my  dayly  prayrs  for  Yor  Lorp  &  Right  Noble  Lady  & 
hope  full  litle  ones  desireing  the  Lord  to  make  you  all  happy  here  & 
evr  hereaftr  I  rest 

Yor  Lorps  most  humble  servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  the  5th  of  Octobr  Henrie  Masy 

1646 
To  the  &c. 

[Endorsed   in   same   hand   as   last :] 

Mr.  Masye's  Lettr  to  my  Lord  the  5th  of  October  1646 

Conseming  the  first  fruites  of  Kendall 

and  of  his  sons  Business  in  Barbades. 

Right  Honable 

I  lately  made  bold  to  sende  2  or  3  lettrs  to  Yor  Lorp.  I  hope 
they  ar  come  to  Yor  Lorps  handes  :  in  one  I  acquaynted  Yor  Lord 
wth  a  suite  agaynst  two  Londoners  suerties  &  in  bonde  in  the  first 
fruites  Office  for  payement  of  first  fruites  of  the  Vicaradge  of  Kendall 
payable  by  Mr.  Hall  my  predecessour  there  441i  or  theraboutes 
unpayed  &  the  suerties  sued  to  an  execution,  Mr  Hall  lived  till  aftr 
that  was  due,  but  he  leaveing  all  to  me,  I  undertooke  the  payment  of 
all  dues,  &  this  monie  wch  is  calld  &  sued  for,  should  have  beene 
payd  by  me  out  of  the  pfits  of  the  Vicaradge  that  yeare  that  I  was 
enforced  (by  violence  of  enemies  entring  or  towne  &  County)  to  fly 
into  Scotland,  &  lost  all  that  yeare  &  halfe  anothr,  this  was  the  effect 
of  that  lettr  to  Yor  Lorp  wth  desireing  Yor  Lorp  (though  it  be  a 
busynes  far  belowe  Yor  greate  &  waighty  imployment)  that  you  be 
pleased  to  considr  of  some  course  how  to  prvent  any  furthr  pceedeings 
agaynst  the  suerties  &  how  to  pserve  me  from  payment  of  that  monies 
seing  that  wch  should  have  payd  it  was  by  enemies  taken  all  from 
me,  &  me  thinks  it  unreasonable  that  I  should  suffr  both  by  enemies 


Kendal  903 

&  friends  :  I  hope  Yor  Lorp  will  thinke  of  some  way  to  free  the 
payement.  In  my  last  lettr  I  was  bold  to  write  to  Yor  Lorp  con- 
ceameing  my  sonne  lately  come  to  Kendall  from  Barbado  Hand  & 
shewed  Yor  Lorp  how  he  hath  beene  psecuted  in  that  Hand  by  a 
ploticall  Government  but  he  (being  this  bearer)  can  relate  his 
greavances  bettr  then  I  can  write  them.  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  direct 
him,  how  he  may  make  his  case  knowne  to  the  pliament  &  to  vindicate 
himselfe,  that  he  may  wth  safety  &  librty  despose  of  his  goods  there 
&  a  litle  land,  &  fetch  ovr  to  England  his  wife  and  children  &  setle 
here  :  I  have  pvayled  wth  him  to  do  it  &  thereuppon  I  desired  Yor 
Lorp  that  if  Kyrby  Stephen  be  not  bestowed  you  would  be  pleased 
to  reflect  on  him.  I  hope  he  is  fitted  for  such  a  place,  both  wth 
grace  &  abillities  otherwise,  I  blesse  God  for  him,  &  I  doubt  not  but 
God  shall  have  glory,  the  soules  there  comfort  &  Yor  Lorp  content 
&  shall  nevr  have  cause  to  feare  a  sufficient  discharge  of  that  cure,  but 
I  leave  it  to  God  &  Yor  Lorp  craveing  pdon  for  my  ovr  much  boldnes 
in  troubling  Yor  Lorp.  my  prayrs  dayly  for  Yor  Lorp  &  right  Noble 
Lady    &   all  j  ^^^^ 

Yor  Lorps    evr    devoted   servant   in  Lord 
Jesus 
Kendall    the    19th   of  Henrie    Masy 

Octobr  1646. 
To   the  right   &c. 
[Endorsed  at  length  recapitulating  the  points  of  the  letter.^ 

Eight  Honrble 

This  mourning  an  honest  ministr  of  or  Country  sheweth  me  a  lettr 
from  his  friend  in  London  that  ther  be  some  that  gette  psonages  from 
such  as  have  psentations  &  no  Institution  &  Inductions,  prtendeing 
them  to  be  in  lapse.  I  psume  all  that  have  beene  psented  since  the 
Byshops  were  casheered  ar  in  this  condition,  for  we  nevr  heard  of 
any  course  taken  for  Institution,  yet  this  lettr  I  sawe  from  London 
signifyed  to  my  friend  (whose  case  it  is  and  myne  also)  that  the  powr 
of  Institutions  is  in  the  hands  of  Sr  Nathaniell  Brent :  I  am  bold 
thereuppon  earnestly  to  desire  Yor  Lorp  that  you  be  pleased  to 
considr  &  advise  me  what  course  is  to  be  taken.  Sr  Nathaniell 
Brent  (I  knowe)  on  the  least  word  of  Yor  Lorp  will  pvent  dangr 
to  me  &  sett  us  in  a  way  to  pfect  my  psentation  with  Institution  & 
Induction.  I  beseech  Yor  Lorp  have  speedy  thoughts  of  it  &  send 
me  speedy  directions  &  God  willing  I  shall  foUowe  Yor  Lorps  consell. 
Thus  Desireing  Yor  Lorps  pdon  for  often  troubling  Yor  Lorp  I  shall 
remayne. 

Yor  Lorps  ready  servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus. 
Kendall  the  27th  of  Henrie  Masy 

Octobr  1646 

[Endorsed  in  same  hand  but  nothing  special  in  it.] 


904 


The    Ejected   of  1662 


THE   YOUNGER    MASY   CASE. 
*Every  witnes         By  ye  Genrall  Assembly  March  17th  1645. 
either  my  accuser     This  Assembly  Consists  of  Gov.  Councell  &  Burgases 
or   iudge  or  Whereas  it  was  this  day  pved  upon  oath  by  sevrall 

both  *witnesses  that  Henry  Massy  Clerk  did  deliver  in 

his  pulpitt  in  ye  parish  of  St  Phillips  &  elsewhere 

•No  dangerous  sevrall  points  of  doctrine  of  A  'dangerous  Conse- 
doctrine  menconed  quence :  &  for  his  Dissent  unto  ye  doctrine  & 
YeCheifestisof  Disobedience  to  ye  Discipline  of  ye  Church  of 
England  &  more  particularly  did  say  &  deliver,  that 
whosoever  were  Baptized  wth  ye  Signe  of  ye  Cross 
did  thereby  receive  ye  marke  of  ye  beast  &  should 
paretake  of  ye  plagues  of  ye  beast,  He  is  therefore 
deprived  ipso  facto  ab  officio  et  Beneficio  & 
Censured  forthwth  to  depart  from  this  Hand  & 
never  to  returne  hither  againe.  And  in  meane 
tyme  to  stand  Comitted  wthout  Bayle  or  mainprize 
untill  he    departe   as   afforesayd. 

Copia  Vera  cum  originali. 
Deprived  Censured  &  Ejected  from  my  livelihood 
wife  &  Children  Contrary  to  A  statute  of  Grace 
made  by  yr  honable  house  (1640  or  thereabouts) 
taking  away  all  high  Comissions  &  ther  Censures 
fines  &  imprisonments  :  besides  denieing  me  one 
fortnights  liberty  to  dispose  of  my  estat,  nay  put 
me  a;board  of  A  ship  &  not  suffred  to  take  my 
leave  of  my  wife  &  Children  phibiting  me  to  Carry 
any  goods  wth  me  to  support  me  in  necessity : 
notwithstanding  Petions  being  psented  in  my 
behalfe  by  my  Parish,  refused  &  a  pclimaon  as 
followeth  (verbatim)  to  phibit  any  either  to  petion 
or  intreat  :  I  having  brought  sevrall  testimoniels 
both  of  life  &  Doctrine  :  &  those  subscribed  in 
publicke  meetings  in  my  parish  Church,  &  trayning 
places 


ye  Cross  :  if  ye 

neglect 

be  dangerous 

they  pverted 

ye  words 

Disobedience    to 
Bish.  Cannons 
&  not  reading 
Comon  Prayer 
All  ther 
Justice  in 
This  naar 
[narrative]  is 
Chamber  Justice 
&  not  in 
publik. 
Hard 
measure 
not  to 
peticon 


By  ye  Gov.  [Governor] 
Theis  are  to  signify  &  give  notice  to  all  &  evry  ye  inhabitants 
of  this  parish  yt  ye  Graall  Assembly  at  there  last  meeting  have 
received  sevrall  peticons  &  requests  subscribed  by  many  &  sevrall 
psons  one  ye  behalfe  &  Justificaon  of  Henry  Massey  Clerk  wch  they 
conceived  &  as  it  is  indeede  a  tumultuous  seditious  and  factious 
manner  of  way  of  pceeding  theese  are  therefore  to  admonish  &  in  h'S 
Maties  names  stricktly  to  Commaund  &  Charge  all  &  every  ye 
Inhabitants  of  this  parrish  &  all  others  ye  inhabitants  of  this  Hand 
yt  they  do  not  psume  or  take  upon  them  to  subscribe  intreat  or  pcure 


Kendal  905 

any  others  to  doe  ye  same  in  such  a  tumultuous  factious  &  seditious 
manner  as  abouesayd,  for  or  one  ye  behalfe  of  any  pson  or  psona 
whatsoever  in  any  time  Comeinge  upon  payne  &  hazard  of  being 
reputed  deemed  &  pceeded  against  as  tumultuous  ffactious  &  seditious 
psons 

Given  under  my  hands  this  19th  Day  of  March  1645 
Phill  :  Bell. 
To  be  published  in  ye  Parish  Church  of  St.  Phillips. 

Copia  Vera. 
Kept   in   prison  &    none    suffered   to    Come    unto    me,    from    ye   3d 
March  1645  untill  ye  12th  of  May  &  more  1646. 

Henry  Masy,  junior,  did  not  obtain  tlie  Appleby  or 
]Kirkby  Stephen  living,  and  evidently  lie  returned  to  his 
•Church  in  the  Barbadoes,  as  witness  the  following:  — 

Theise  are  to  Certifye  whome  it  may  Concerne  yt  ]Mr.  Nicholas 
ffostor  &  Mary  Barber  were  joyned  together  in  Marriage  in  or  About 
ye  eleventh  day  of  December  in  ye  Yeare  of  or  Ld  :  one  thousand  six 
hundred  forty  &  seaven;  in  ye  Parish  of  Philips  in  Barbadoes.  by  me 
whose  name  is  underwritten  being  then  Minister  of  ye  Aboue  named 
Parresh  in 
[blank]   America    [blank] 

Hen  Massey  CI.  Rectr.' 

Jienry  Masy,  senior,  thus  continues  his  Letters  :  — 

Right  Honable 

Since  my  pteing  [parting]  from  Yor  Lorp  I  had  many  thoughts  on 
my  pposition  &  of  my  twice  sealeing  to  Yor  Lorp  &  that  in  hast  wthout 
tyme  to  breathe  to  considr  (undrstand  it)  I  knowe  not  the  meaneing 
of  statement  of  halfe  the  whole  some  nor  the  abatement  of  the  interest, 
wch  by  myne  account  out  of  Yor  Lorps  note  comes  to  331i  13s.  4d  &  at 
least  I  confesse  I  allowe  not  takeing  interest  as  its  usuall  amongst 
ordinary  useres,  but  this  is  another  case,  the  adventure  of  many  men's 
whole  estates  &  for  the  pservation  of  Church  &  State  the  case  is 
varied  :  but  no  more  of  this  untill  the  Lord  gives  me  opportunity  to 
se  Yor  Lorp  the  next  Somer  [word  not  deciphered]  only  I  desire  Yor 
Lorp  to  continue  Yor  Noble  favour  &  care  of  it,  that  I  may  not  be 
alwayes  in  a  suffring  condition  by  enemies  who  robbed  &  plundred  &  by 
friends  too  who  should  recompense  &  requite.  I  assure  Yor  Lorp  it  had 
beene  far  bettr  for  an  honest  ministr  (if  conscience  pmited)  in  regard 
of  outward  thinges  to  have  taken  pt  wth  the  enemies,  for  malignant 
ministrs  that  stood  out  agaynst  Christ  &  his  Gos.  ar  in  far  bettr 
respect  (ethr  by  indulgence  or  conivence)  then  sueh  as  ar  uttrly 
undone  for  the  cause.     I  speak  it  in  truth  &  in  griefe  of  heart,  not  so 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  I,  vol.  101,  No.  75  iii.      • 


9o6  The   Ejected    of  1662 

much  that  malignants  ar  spared  but  that  honest  undone  men  ar  na 
bettr  requited.  I  am  bold  to  write  once  agayne  concearneing  errours 
&  schism  begining  in  these  ptes,  it  is  observed  that  Yor  Lorp  hath 
a  cheife  hand  in  it.  for  if  they  ar  disliked  here  in  the  country,  they 
imediately  address  themselves  to  yor  Lorp  wch  if  they  were  not 
confident  of  Yor  Lorps  encouraging  them  they  would  nevr  do  :  at  end 
of  Somer  last  Mr.  Taylour  &  myself  e  beinge  wth  Yor  Lorp  you  seemed 
to  countenance  him,  but  not  much,  at  my  pteing  from  Yor  Lorp 
aftrwards  Yor  Lorp  pmised  not  to  shewe  Yor  selfe  in  any  measure 
whereby  he  might  take  encouragement  to  psist,  yet  since  that  Yor 
Lorp  hath  written  2  lettrs  to  Mr.  Branthwaite  &  he  the  Comittee  in 
behalf 6  of  Mr.  Taylour  wch  sounds  not  well,  for  he  abuses  Yor  honour 
&  blemishes  it,  by  makeing  Yor  Lorp  a  patrone  &  ptectour  of  his 
errour  &  odd  opinions  :  its  pbable  that  Antrobus  came  to  Yor  Lorp 
(I  sawe  him  wth  Yor  Lorp)  concearneing  the  like  busynes,  if  ther 
were  a  villayne  or  any  base  fellowe  in  England  he  was  one,  if  God 
hath  called  him  its  well  &  we  should  reioyce  in  it.  I  wish  fayre 
outeside  prtences  may  not  delude  &  deceave  Yor  Lorp.  Its  likely  that 
Yor  Lorp  shalbe  shortly  sued  unto  for  another  come  wthin  or  Barronry 
wthin  Kendall  pish,  a  man  (I  hope  that  hath  gifts)  that  setts  up  the 
trade  of  preaching  I  say  not  much  of  them  (though  contrary  to 
Christ's  rule  &  practice  of  the  Apostles)  seeing  there  is  such 
countenanceing  or  at  least  conivence  of  them  :  but  for  such  men  or 
[our]  country  is  wholly  bent  to  resist  them  &  not  suffr  them  to 
officiate  for  if  they  must  have  librty  of  conscience  to  disordr  the- 
Church  of  Christ,  why  should  not  othr  men  have  the  like  librty  to 
keepe  &  pserve  peace  &  truth.  I  psume  Yor  Lorp  will  here  if  you 
countennce  such  errours  that  the  truely  Godly  will  resolve  rathr  (by 
opposeing  erroneous  psons  if  any  remedy  be  to  be  had  any  w^ay)  to  loose 
Yor  Lorps  favour  then  favour  of  God.  I  am  bold  thus  to  write  in 
maiore(?)  cautelam  for  whereas  Yor  Lorp  hath  had  all  due  respect  & 
Honour  from  or  country,  Yor  Yorp  will  loose  all  agayne  in  takeing  pt 
wth  errours  to  disturbe  and  Comudde  ( ?)  God's  truth  &  it  doth  begine 
already,  for  my  poore  selfe  do  suffr  for  Yor  Lorp  I  beseech  Yor  Lorp 
lett  not  Yor  right  Noble  Spirit  be  too  much  carried  away  wth  delusions 
&  outeside  ptences  of  men,  its  the  Apostles  direction  to  all  ingenuous  & 
ingenious  men  Let  no  man  beguile  you  of  yor  reward  (or  of  victory) 
in  voluntary  humility  &  worshipping  of  angels  intruding  into  those 
things  wch  he  hath  not  seene  vaynely  puft  up  wth  his  fleshly  mynd, 
wch  things  have  indeede  a  shewe  of  wisedome  in  will  worship  & 
humility.  I  am  bold  to  mynde  Yor  Lorp  of  that  (I  psume)  Yor 
Lorp  knowes  right  well,  yet  I  canot  hold  because  of  deepe  &  deare 
affection  to  Yor  Lorps  Deare  Soule  whom  I  love  in  the  truth,  for  the 
truthes  sake  "wch  I  hope  dwelleth  in  me,  but  for  the  Divisions  of 
Reuben  ther  are  greate  thoughts  of  heart©  :  me  thinkes  I  se  the 
troubles  at  Ffrankford  hastening  toward  us.  heretofore  the  test  of  2' 


Kendal  907 


or  3  pious  godly  men,  espeacially  ministrs  pcured  mens  acceptance 
wth  there  friends  but  now  a  dayes  an  errour  or  two  that  ar  destructive 
gaynes  &  gettes  favour  &  friendship — old  friends  &  tryed  ar  changed 
for  newe  &  old  errours  revived  or  newe  ones  trusted  or  countenanced 
&  taken  for  orthodox,  &  all  sorts  of  men  pmitted  to  vent  ther 
pleasure  undr  a  ptence  of  religion  wthout  controlle.  Christ's  tunica 
rare  unica  &  the  Barbarous  souldiers  devided  it  not  but  now  its 
rent  to  peces.  It  is  to  be  feared  that  god  hath  a  greater  Scourge  yet 
behynd  for  this  Kingdome  for  abuseing  his  heavenly  truth  receaveing 
chaffe  &  casting  wheate  out  of  Dores  the  lord  hath  in  good  measure 
&  in  greate  mercy  stayed  the  fury  of  the  Sword  &  now  we  ar  fighting 
agaynst  truth,  do  we  thus  requite  the  lord  a  foolish  people  &  unwise, 
&  if  the  Sword  of  the  lord  be  sheathed  wch  is  much  to  be  doubted 
of  yet  the  lord  hath  othr  iudgements  the  pestilence  cleanenes  of  teeth 
5carcenes  of  bread  wch  is  much  to  be  feared  &  this  is  not  the  most 
we  dally  &  play  wth  the  Gospell  &  desire  to  here  men  rathr  then 
Christ  to  speake  to  us,  he  may  send  (&  that  rightly)  a  fearefuU 
famine  not  of  bread  nor  wat-er,  but  of  hereing  the  word  that  we  shall 
run  to  &  fro  to  seeke  the  word  of  the  Lord  &  shall  not  fynd  it,  & 
this  will  prove  the  greatest  misery  when  the  light  of  Goshen  is  turned 
into  Egyptian  Darknes,  &  the  Vineard  taken  from  us  &  given  to  other 
husbandmen  that  shall  bringe  forth  bettr  fruites.  I  knowe  Yor  Lorp 
can  do  much  yea  very  much  to  pvent  or  [our]  feared  miseries,  reforma- 
tion begins  first  in  or  owne  hearts  &  houses  &  then  its  spreade  furthr 
-abroade,  Mordecay  sayd  to  Hestr  if  Destruction  come,  thinke  not 
thou  shall  escape  more  then  all  the  Jewes,  for  if  thou  hold  thy  peace 
at  this  tyme,  then  shall  the  Jewes  have  help  &  deliverance  out  of 
anothr  place  &  thou  &  thy  fathers  house  shalbe  destroyed  &  who 
knoweth  whethr  thou  art  come  to  the  Kingdome  (the  pliament)  for 
such  a  tyme  as  this.  I  desire  pdon  for  my  boldnes,  the  love  of  Chris^t 
-constreyneth  me,  the  god  of  peace  &  truth  be  Yor  Lorps  God,  guide 
&  guard  wth  Yor  Eight  Noble  Lady  &  sweete  children  is  the  dayly 
prayr  of 

Lor  Lorps  most  affectionate  &  humble  servant 
in  the  Lord  Jesus 

Henrie  Masy. 
Kendall  the  21th  of  Dec  1646. 
.[End  :]  21  Dec.    1646  Mr  Masy  to  my  Lord 
£ln  another  place  same  hand]  P.  George 
dodson. 

[Addressed  as  usual.] 

Hight  Honrable 

I  late  wrote  to  Yor  Lorp  wherein  I  desired  many  pticulars.  I  hcpe 
that  lettr  is  come  to  Yor  Lorps  hands  longe  er  this  tyme  :  Since  that 
I  receaved  from  Yor  Lorp  2  acquittances  signed  by  the  treasurer  of 


9o8  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Guild-hall  for  pposition  monies  the  one  for  601i  thotiir  for  2011.  T 
have  had  abundance  of  experience  of  Yor  Lorps  care  &  Noble  favours- 
to  me,  for  wch  I  humbly  thanke  Yor  Lorp  but  I  must  ccnfesse  I 
undrstand  not  the  busynes  pfectly.  I  sealed  once  &  a  second  tyme 
(at  my  last  being  in  London)  in  such  hast,  that  I  could  not  rightly 
informe  myselfe,  nor  be  informed  conceameing  the  mattr,  only  thus, 
I  apprehend  a  losse  &  abatement,  it  sounds  strange,  that  publike  fayth 
should  be  a  griefe  &  piudice  to  many  godly  &  true  hearted  men  &  be 
exposed  to  the  scorne  &  scoffes  of  all  malignants,  but  no  more  lest  I 
offend  :  only  this  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  not  to  trouble  Yor  selfe  wth 
writeing  to  satisfy  me,  but  after  Eastr  (god  willing,  if  the  Lord 
permitt)  I  shall  se  London,  &  thus  far  I  am  fully  satisfyed  already 
that  nothing  is  or  shalbe  done  that  may  tend  to  my  hurt  but  Yor 
Lorps  care  will  step  in  to  pvent  it,  but  this  shall  suffice,  till  the  Lord 
afford  me  opportunity  to  se  Yor  Lorp.  I  make  bold  to  send  Yor  Lorp 
hereinclpsed  a  petition  to  the  Hoaible  Comittee  of  plundred  ministrs 
wth  a  coppy  of  ther  Ordr  wherebye  they  graunted  40li  p  ann  out  of 
sequestred  tithes  formrly  belonging  to  Sr  Phillip  Mysgrove  Sr  George 
&  Sr  William  Dauston.  Yor  Lorp  was  the  speceall  meanes  in  obteyning 
that  Ordr  for  Augmentation  to  the  Chappel  of  Grayrgg  wth  4  othr 
Chappells  all  wch  5  ar  wthin  the  pish  of  Kendall  &  the  next  day 
aftr  the  ordr  were  signed  by  Sr  —  Stricklande  according  to  Yor  Lorps 
directions  I  went  (&  tooke  Mr.  Banes  wth  me)  &  entred  the  5  Ordrs 
at  Goldsmithes  hall  &  payd  the  fees  upon  entrajice.  since  that  tyme 
it  seemes  Sr  George  &  Sr  Will  Dauston  have  compounded  for  ther 
Delinquency  &  or  [our]  Mr  Sheriffe  Branthwhayte  told  me  on  Satturday 
last  they  have  brought  downe  an  Ordr  &  shewed  it  to  him,  revokeing 
the  formr  Ordr  pteaiding  they  have  compounded  for  tithes  sequestred 
graunted  for  augmentation  wch  may  anuU  all  the  rest  graunted  here 
or  elswhere  :  this  petition  therefore  enclosed  we  make  bold  to  send, 
humbly  entreateing  Yor  Lorp  that  Yor  Lorp  direct  &  desire  or  Honred 
friend  Mr  Lawrence  &  Mr  Salloway  (who  were  psent  at  the  Comittee 
when  this  augmentation  was  graunted  and  ordered  &  heartily  voted 
it)  may  take  this  petition  &  psent  it  &  pcure  the  Augmentation  to 
continue  for  Grayrigg  Chappell,  as  is  fortnrly  ordered,  where  the 
fault  is  I  knowe  not.  In  Yor  Lorps  last  lettr  you  wrote  concearneing 
Coll.  Benson  &  his  busynes  I  directly  acquaynted  him  wth  it  and  is 
no  we  come  to  London  to  waite  on  Yor  Lorp  for  advise  &  consell  what 
course  is  best  for  his  settlement  in  matters  of  his  formr  imployment — 
probate  of  Wills  &  Administrations  I  doubt  not  but  Yor  Lorp  will 
afford  him  Yor  Noble  favour  &  furtherance  he  is  worthy  (&  I  am 
instructed  to  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  be  myndfuU  of  Mr  John  Archer  (a 
worthy  membr  of  or  Kendall)  concearneing  Kendall  parke  the  Lord  of 
Worcester's  land  if  it  be  to  be  sold  that  he  may  be  the  purchaser  he 
is  vry  able  honest  &  deserveing  :  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  (as  one  most 
faythfull  to  Yor  Lorps  soule)  that  you  forbeare  contenancing  errours- 


Kendal  909 


in  these  or  pts — ethr  you  do  it  or  Yor  honour  is  much  abused  by 
Buch.  I  desire  pdon  shall  remembr  Yor  Lorp  at  throne  of  grace  & 
evr  remayne 

Yor  Lorps  most  faythfuU  Servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  this  6th  of  Jan.  Henrie  Masy 

1646. 

To  the  right  Honrable 

Lord  Wharton  at  his  house  in 

Clarkenwell 

these  d.d. 

in  London 
[End  :]  6  Jan.  1646  Mr.  Masy  to  Yor  honr. 

Right  H  enable 

•  I  have  adventured  (not  wthstanding  Yor  Lorps  phibition)  to  send 
Yor  Lorp  a  charre  pie  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  accept  it  &  to  send  one  of 
Yor  servants  to  the  White  horse  wthout  Creeple  gate  to  fetch  it  from 
Thom  Bateman  or  [our]  Kendall  Carrier,  that  is  all  Yor  Lorp  hath  to  do 
beside  the  spreading  it  at  Yor  Lorps  table.  I  humbly  entreate  Yor 
Lorp  to  accept  of  this  small  token  from  Yor  most  thankefuU  friend. 
I  hope  Mr.  Benson  doth  addresse  himselfe  to  Yor  Lorp  for  favour  & 
furthrance  in  his  busynes  &  I  doubt  not  but  Yor  Lorp  will  advise 
&  direct  him  for  the  best.  I  pray  God  that  home-bred  enemies  in 
or  Country  (the  Scots  being  gone)  do  not  rayse  tumults  amongst  us, 
or  [our]  chavaliers  hold  up  their  heads  &  seeme  to  have  great  hopes  :  if 
there  be  not  a  good  Accomodation  between  King  &  pliament  shortly 
it  wilbe  necessary  that  care  be  had  for  pvention  :  I  am  pswaded  that 
as  longe  as  Church  govrnment  is  unsettled  &  not  actually  putt  in 
execution  genally  ovr  the  Kingdome  &  as  longe  as  so  many  sects  (I 
dare  not  say  suffred)  derogatory  to  the  glory  of  God  &  his  truth,  I 
am  pswaded  that  God  is  highly  displeased  &  a  fearefuU  scourge  will 
fall  on  us  &  the  highst  cedars  shall  feele  the  dreadful  thundrbolt 
as  well  as  the  lowest  shrobe,  a  dwarft  in  the  opinion  of  some,  may  se 
as  farre  as  he  that  is  a  tall  ma<n  in  opinion  of  othrs.  It  will  be  to 
Yor  Lorps  greatest  honour  to  discountenance  errours  &  to  hasten  to 
sett  up  Christ  (who  is  the  way  the  truth  &  the  life)  in  this  Kingdome 
wth  his  glorious  truth  as  longe  as  the  Jewes  (aftr  returne  from  the 
Babielonish  Captivity)  were  intent  aboute  othr  mattrs  (wch  in  ther 
seasons  were  good  &  lawefuU)  &  neglected  the  reedifyeing  the  Lords 
house  &  let  it  ly  waste  they  nevr  pped  [prospered].  Honable  Lord 
there  is  a  fancy  of  2  or  3  yeares  standeing  &  entrteyned  ptly  by  Yor 
Lorp  (I  desire  pdon)  &  strongely  mynteyned  by  some  othrs  (&  these 
greate  ones)  in  London  &  I  feare  in  pliament.  the  fancy  is  (I  can 
call  it  noothr  name)  librty  of  consc.  I  am  bold  to  say  &  am  able  to 
prove   its  destructive  both   to   piety   &  politie,  if  it  be   graunted  in 


9IO  The   Ejected    of   1662 

mattrs  of  religion  why  not  in  mattrs  of  regement  of  the  republicke 
if  librty  in  the  greate,  that  imediately  concearneing  God,  why  not  in 
the  lesser,  &  if  one  be  approved  the  othr  must  be  allowed,  &  the 
result  of  it  will  be  that  all  the  studdie  pious  care  &  paynes  of  the 
Honrable  pliament  in  setting  forth  any  wholesome  edictes,  ordinances 
or  Acts  will  be  of  none  effect  for  who  will  not  or  canot  prtend 
consc.  [conscience]  &  what  then  will  be  the  fruite  of  holy  pliaments 
&  heavenly  prchinge,  but  errours  in  relig.  &  disobedience  in  pollity 
will  be  a  good  consequence  to  arg  :  for  all  peevish  &  men  prvrted 
[perverted]  I  desire  pdon  &  my  prayrs  for  Yor  Lorp  dayly 

I  rest 

Yor  Lorps  most  humble  &  faythfuU  Servant 

in  the  Lord  Jesus. 
Kendall  th'is  8th  Henrie  Masy 

of  ffebr  1646. 
[End  :]  8  ffeb  1646 
Mr.  Masy  to  my  Ld. 

[Addressed- :]  To  &c  Clarkenwell 


The  following  is  from  Lord  Wharton :  — 

Mr  Masy 

I  have  reed  two  or  three  of  yor  Ires,  the  greatest  pt  whereof  were 
concerning  the  Ordinance  for  Bpps  Lands.  I  forbore  to  answere  you 
therein,  because  you  desired  mee  soe  to  doe  untill  your  owne  comeing 
to  Towne.  Howevr  I  thought  fitt  to  acquaint  Coll.  Benson  therewth 
that  hee  might  informe  you  how  the  case  stands,  therefore  I  referr 
myselfe  to  him,  &  shall  onely  say  this  in  short  that  Divers  have  pted 
wth  their  interest  in  like  Case,  for  half  of  the  principall  money,  and 
the  most  that  ever  I  heard  wch  was  given  for  any  such  moneyes  was 
two  third  pts  soe  that  you  are  to  have  801i  from  mee  for  that  wch 
others  have  pted  wth  for  401i  and  for  wch  not  any  at  the  highest  rate 
could  have  gott  above  531i  6s  8d.  If  you  like  rather  to  have  your 
money  upon  further  adventure  if  you  will  repay  mee  wthin  3  monethes 
the  92li  12s  3d  wch  I  laid  out  to  secure  your  money  out  of  my  Love 
and  care  of  you  I  shalbe  very  willing  to  re-assigne  my  interest  unto 
you 

I  rest 

Yor  very  lo  :  friend 
P.  Wharton 

London  17  Feb  1646. 

[End.]  Coppy  of  a  Lettr  to  Mr.  Masy  17  Feb 
1646  p.  Coll.  Benson. 


Kendal 


911 


Right  Honble 

This  last  weeke  I  receaved  a  lettr  from  a  Cittizen  of  Londoin  one 
•altogethr  unknowne  to  me  by  face  &  by  name  the  Some  of  the  lettr 
was  as  followeth — he  had  heard  of  me  &  that  at  my  being  in  London 
I  often  had  recourse  &  made  my  addresses  to  Yor  Lorp  (how  he  knew 
it  I  knowe  mot)  &  thereuppon  he  desired  me  (it  seemes  he  highly 
honours  Yor  Lorp)  that  I  would  write  to  Yor  Lorp  &  entreate  Yor 
Lorp  that  Yor  Lorp  shewe  not  Yor  selfe  in  behalfe  on  Mr  Antrobus 
a  Cumbrland  ministr,  he  being  articled  agaynst,  its  noted  in  London 
that  Yor  Lorp  do  begine  to  favour  him.  he  desires  &  its  myne  earnest 
&  humble  entreaty  that  Yor  Lorp  be  pleased  not  to  engage  Yor  honour 
nor  countenance  such  not  wthstanding  faire  ptencea  :  it  was  longe 
before  Paul  could  be  receaved  by  the  disciples,  &  if  such  fellowes 
rshalbe  entrteyned  &  favoured  wth  such  high  &  Honable  respects  as 
Yor  Lorp  may  afford  him  it  may  be  (if  he  prove  not  right)  Yor  Lorp 
may  suffr,  if  he  be  a  convrt  I  am  right  glad  but  thus;  much  I  assure 
Yor  Lorp  since  my  comeing  to  Kendall,  he  hath  once  or  twice 
.seemed  to  be  same  [word  not  deciphered]  as  if  heaven  had  beene 
his  home  and  hath  apostated  to  be  the  vilest  wretch  &  [word 
not  deciphered]  the  best  hopes  of  his  most  charitable  friends.' — 
there  is  no  wickednes  hath  beene  unwelcome  to  him — he  fell  to 
:8uch  pphaneness  to  mocking  of  Ordinances  as  he  baptized  a  Cock  : 
&  nowe  we  here  he  is  a  pt«nder  to  anabaptisme  &  independency — I 
; should  be  right  glad  (the  searcher  of  hearts  knoweth  I  speak  truth) 
if  he  be  sound  at  heart,  but  he  hath  cheated  so  many  in  the  country 
&  some  in  London  wth  a  countrfayte  reformation  that  he  begines  to 
be  suspected  wth  some  of  his  newe  credulous  friends  in  London,  it 
will  be  best  therefore  that  Yor  Lorp  be  vry  carefull  &  spareing  of 
holpeing  him  in  acts  that  will  not  endure  the  sun  light.  There  be 
many  others  in  these  northerne  pts  that  have  beene  stinking  malignants 
{ministrs  &  others)  that  fynd  more  favour  &  good  countenance  smileing 
on  them  then  pious  honest  &  godly  men  that  have  donne  to  ther 
uttmost  &  suffred  much  in  &  for  service  of  the  pliament  its  much 
admired  whence  it  comes,  the  chavilleere  faction  hold  up  ther  heads, 
the  honest  friends  are  delected  (unlesse  such  sectaries)  and  as  it  were 
scorned  &  discouraged  ministrs  &  others  non  covenantrs  ar  the  men. 
this  last  Wednesday  we  had  a  publicke  fast  but  unlesse  the  pliament 
suppress  errours  sects  &  schisme  we  may  starve  orselves  &  get  no 
remedy.  I  confesse  fasting  &  prayr  rightly  used  and  pformed  may 
prvayle  much  but  authority  must  help  or  nothing  will  be  donne — let 
me  be  bold  to  aequaynte  Yor  Lorp  wth  one  thing  in  genall,  the  honest 
pty  ar  wondrfuUy  gineved  to  se  so  many  tares  groweing,  &  the  worke 
■  of  reformation  so  much  retarded  &  I  feare  (I  speake  this  undr  the 
rose)  that  if  the  Honble  pliament  should  (as  god  forbid  they  should) 
neede  &  call  up  amies  agayne  I  feare,  that  many  &  many  friends 
formrly  will  fayle  them  &  rathr  fly,  looseing  ther  fortunes  rathr  theai 


912 


The    Ejected   of  1662 


hazardeing  ther  fortunes  and  lives,  ther  haveing  been  such  litle- 
recompense  &  greate  neglect  of  them  for  formr  service.  The  Lord- 
direct  Yor  Lorp  &  both  houses,  the  spirit  of  the  lord  rest  uppon  you,, 
the  spirit  of  wisedome  &  undrstanding  the  spirit  of  consell  &  might, 
the  spirit  of  knoweledge  &  the  feare  of  the  Lord-  I  desire  pdon  for 
my  boldnes,  I  confesse  the  love  of  Christ  Constrayneth  me,  the  Lord 
blesse  Yor  Lorp  wth  Yor  Right  Noble  Lady  &  sweete  children 
I  rest 

Yor  Lorps  most  humble  Servant  in  the 

Lord  Jesus 
Kendal  the  15th  of  March  1646  Henrie  Masy 

[End  :]  15th  IMarch  1646  Mr  Masys 
letter  to  my  Ld  about  Mr.  Antropass 


Right  Honble 

It  was  longe  since  1  troubled  Yor  Lorp  wth  my  lines.  I  am  bold 
at  psent  to  certify  Yor  Lorp  of  some  pticulars — some  concearneing 
myselfe  some  the  church  of  God.  for  myselfe  aboute  a  month  since 
Mr  Sheriffe  Branthwaite  wrote  to  me  as  from  Yor  Lorp  in  wch  lettr- 
was  desired  that  I  would  forbeare  the  801i  in  his  hands  (payable  to 
me  at  Whitstid  last)  untill  a  fortnight  aftr  martintide  next.  I 
returned  him  my  answer  vry  willing  to  do  it  or  any  othr  service  to 
Yor  Lorp  for  the  publicke.  I  make  bold  to  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  that 
aboute  2  monethes  since  or  countrymen  rose  in  a  warlike  manr  &  came 
to  Kendall  &  apprehend  the  Comittee  (sitting  in  ther  usuall  place)  & 
comitted  them  to  prison  in  an  Arch  malignants  house  &  that  being 
done  they  dealt  the  same  wth  me  where  we  were  kept  wth  watch  & 
guard  from  one  evening  to  anothr  close  prisoners.  I  suppose  the 
Comittee  do  purpose  to  certify  the  pliament  of  these  passages.  I 
observe  it  often  here  aboute  Kendall  that  many  honest  men's  daughtrs 
are  stollen  &  niarryed  to  odd  fellowes  in  a  clandestine  way  at  midnight 
&  the  like  wch  is  a  greate  heart  breaking  to  pents  [parents^  &  othr 
frieinds.  Honable  Lord  we  here  (&  it  seemes  a  truth)  that  divers  some 
that  knowe  us  &  othrs  that  ar  but  strangrs  ar  ready  to  complayne  (to 
pliament  or  assembly  or  both)  agaynst  some  of  the  best  friends  (in 
there  qualification)  that  evr  the  pliament  had  in  these  ptes  &  I 
confesse  I  admire  to  here  of  it,  that  Yor  Lorp  wilbe  so  easily  carryed 
away  from  Yor  best  friends  I  name  none,  only  this  pserve  us  &  we 
shall  pserve  Yor  Lorp.  We  want  some  Government  (in  Christs  way) 
for  the  Church  of  this  Country.  Right  Honable  it  will  not  be 
seasonable  (as  I  here  is  intended)  to  seaid  men  of  gifts  (not  ministers) 
to  preach  in  this  Kingdome,  its  thought  may  be  tending  to  settlement 
of  peace,  I  psume  it  will  prove  the  contrary,  the  vry  heresay  of  such 
men  is  odious  to  the  pphane  &  a  greate  griefe  to  the  godly  wise.  I 
here  much  of  liberty  of  Conscience,  I  confesse  never  fynd  any  ground 
of  it  in  Scripture  nor  any  authenticke  author  tendernes  cf  Consc.  is- 


Kendal 


913- 


pleaded  for,  I  graunt  it  wth  this  limitation,  men  that  ar  tendr  should 
not  be  punished,  but  free  but  not  liberty  to  vent  and  broache  errours 
if  this  should  be  graunted  then  more  care  of  Conscience  should  be 
had  of  those  that  dishonour  God  by  ther  errours  then  of  those  that 
grieve  to  se  God's  truth  neglected.  Noble  Lord  let  the  Church  of 
Christ  be  speceally  lookt  unto,  it  hath  beene  neglected,  till  Christ  be 
exalted  &  triimiph,  let  not  men  thinke  to  stand.  I  pray  for  Yor  Lorp- 
&  if  publicke  pceeding  be  for  God  I  desire  a  blessing  on  it,  if  not 
it  will  not  stand,  pdon  my  boldnes 

I  rest 
Kendall  the  18th  of  Octobr  Yor  Lorp's  most  faythfuU  Servant 

1647.  Henrie  Masy 

Right  Honble 

I  psume  an  Ordr  or  Ordinance  (from  pliamentary  powr)  is  late  come 
downe  into  Combrland  concearneing  plurallities  whereuppon  some 
ministrs  in  that  County  resigned  one  of  ther  liveings  &  Mr  Sharpies 
(whom  Yor  Lorp  psented  to  Crogling)  has  by  Comand  of  that  ordr 
resigned  Crogling  to  this  bearer  Mr  Musgrave  Sleddall,  there  being  as 
yet  no  othr  way  of  resignation  established  by  the  Honble  pliament, 
&  on  this  resignation  he  is  bold  to  addresse  himselfe  to  Yor  Lorp, 
earnestly  desireing  Yor  Lorp  to  give  him  a  psentation,  &  I  am  ovr 
bold  vrth.  Yor  Lorp  to  desire  the  same  in  his  behalfe  Mr.  Sheriffe 
Branthwaite's  lettr  (as  he  writes  to  me)  is  to  the  same  effect :  the 
testimonialls  that  Mr.  Sledall  can  shewe  Yor  Lorp  from  some  of  the 
gentry  and  ministrs  of  Combrland  will  speake  for  him,  &  I  hope  will 
be  satisfactory — -for  my  pt  I  can  say  much  for  this  Mr  Sledall  &  have 
knowne  him  longe,  both  in. Oxford  &  Country,  for  his  honest  carriage, 
abillities  for  the  ministry  &  his  pfitableness  in  his  ministry,  it  is  well 
knowne  &  approved  of  of  all  pious  &  conscientious  men,  ministrs  & 
others  &  I  doubt  not  but  he  will  be  able  to  approve  himselfe  to  Yor 
Lorp  or  to  any  that  Yor  Lorp  shall  appoynt  to  try  him.  I  psume  Yor 
Noble  favour  in  psenting  him  shall  prove  a  greate  comfort  to  Yor 
Lorp  &  to  the  poore  soules  of  the  place  so  that  Yor  Lorp  shall 
nevr  have  cause  to  repent  of  this  act  but  rathr  many  thankes  will  be 
rendred  to  God  &  Yor  Lorp  that  such  a  ministr  is  sett  ovr  that  flocke 
that  God  may  have  glory  &  soules  saved.  I  could  write  much  more 
in  this  younge  man's  behalfe  but  I  hope  this  will  suffice  &  that  God 
will  ordr  Yor  Lorp's  heart  to  or  [our]  desired  ends  wth  my  hearty 
prayrs  to  thalmighty  for  Yor  Lorp  &  all  Yor  greate  &  publike  imploy- 
ments,  I  desire  pdon  &  shall  rest 

Yor  Lorps  evr  faythfuU  Servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  the  3rd  of  Novembr  Henrie  Masy 

1647 
[End  :]  3  Nov.  1647  Mr  Masy  to  mee 

about  Mr  Musgrave  Sleddall  to  be 

minister  att  Croglin  To  the  Right  &c  Clarkenwell. 


914  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Right  Honble 

Mr  Rogr  Bateman  (uppon  his  retume  from  London  this  last  weeke) 
willed  me  from  Yor  Lorp  to  send  Yor  Lcrp  a  full  &  clears  relation 
concearneing  Henry  Ffletcher  his  being  apphended  &  imprisonment, 
when  he  came  4  or  5  yeares  since  wth  a  Comissioai  for  settleing  the 
militia  in  or  County  of  Westmrland  &  Yor  Lorp  wishes  me  to  it  in 
regard  of  divrs  coniplaynents  agaynst  me  conceameing  that  mattr  as 
if  I  were  the  man  that  discovred  him  &  hindred  the  desires  & 
endeavours  of  pliament  agaynst  the  advrse  ptie  I  have  often  heard  of 
the  complaynts  &  of  Yor  Lorp's  vindication,  for  wch  &  many  othr  Yor 
Lorp's  favours  I  most  humbly  thanke  Yor  Lorp  &  shall  dayly  prayse 
God,  &  pray  for  so  Honble  a  Patrote.  Yor  Lorp  hath  done  nothing 
(though  an  high  favour  to  my  poore  selfe)  that  shall  evr  cause 
repentance  :  the  full  &  sincere  relation  I  am  bold  to  psent  to  Yor 
Lorp  &  leave  my  selfe  to  Yor  Lorp's  wise  &  pious  censure. 

1.  The  Somr  before  assoone  as  the  ppositions  for  sending  in  & 
lending  monies  for  the  use  of  the  pliament  or  publike  safety  I  moved 
some  able  friends  to  do  some  thing  that  way  &  told  them  I  should 
do  it,  but  men  were  affrayde  &  I  could  gett  none  to  ioyne  wth  me 
notwthstanding  I  psently  sent  to  that  Noble  gentlewoman  Mrs 
<TOodwine  to  opeai  a  truncke  I  had  in  her  custody  &  lay  in.  60li  for  me 
wch  was  donne  accordingly. 

2.  At  begininge  of  Michaelmas  terme  following  Henry  Ffletcher  (in 
Jiis  passage  toward  London)  came  into  my  house  &  asked  me  whether 
I  had  any  busycnes  to  London,  &  his  kinde  importunity  was  such  that 
I  desired  him  to  se  Mrs.  Goodwine  wth  a  remembrance  of  my 
service,  he  spoke  of  a  Comission,  I  told  hiin  I  knewe  not  the  way,  & 
besides  I  knewe  him  [word  not  deciphered]  of  braynes  to  carry  on 
such  a  busynes. 

3.  Aboute  the  midst  of  this  terme  I  heard  of  a  lettr  or  two  he  sent 
to  me  wch  were  intercepted  ethr  at  Neweworke  or  Nottingham  by 
the  Earle  of  Newcastle  &  the  lettrs  relateing  to  me  they  were  sent 
to  Sr  Phill,  Musgrave  the  Comandr  in  chief  e  undr  him  wth  a  warrant 
to  apprehend  &  imprisone  me  wch  was  done  on  a  Wintr  Satturday 
night  &  no  entreaty  would  serve  till  Monday  following,  that  I  might 
have  librty  on  the  Lord's  Day  for  my  ministry.  At  length  I  had 
choice  of  three  thinges  ethr  imprisonment  or  a  guard  aboute  my  house, 
or  2  sufficient  sureties  to  bring  me  to  Sr  Phillip  when  he  should  call 
for  me  I  chose  the  last  &  gott  sureties  &  in  this  condition  I  continued 
till  ffebruary  following  almost  to  the  end  of  it. 

4.  Aboute  the  20t  of  Decembr  the  same  yeare  Henry  Ffletcher  wth 
2  others  came  towards  or  Country  at  Kighly  or  thereabouts  they 
shewed  &  vaunted  of  the  Comission  they  had  obteyned,  the  sound  of 
that  came  to  the  Comissionrs  of  Array  6  or  7  dayes  before  themselves 
came,   aboute  the  24th  or  25th  of  that  instant  Decembr  they  came 


Kendal  915 

through  Sedbure  &  made  the  busynes  &  themselves  so  much  knowne 
there  that  some  of  that  towne  sent  to  Comissionrs  of  Array  lyeing 
then  in  Kendall  many  dayes  togethr  to  write  for  him  &  gave  them 
notice  that  aboute  2  of  the  clocke  in  aftrnoone  Ffletcher  wth  2  in 
company  were  come  towards  Kendall  hereuppon  watch  &  searching^ 
was  then  for  Ftietcher  &  his  company. 

5.  Aboute  sex  at  night  I  receaved  a  lettr  from  him  as  told  me  he 
was  then  come  to  his  wives  Mothrs  house  in  Kendall  parke  lesse- 
then  a  mile  from  or  towne  at  the  receipt  of  the  lettr  (only  I  hoped 
well  of  the  messengr)  I  doubted  it  might  be  a  snare  layd  by  Comis- 
sionrs of  Array  to  entrappe  me  I  was  at  a  stand,  yet  in  short  tyme  I 
lookt  to  God  in  it  &  wthall  speede  sent  backe  the  messengr  that 
brought  me  the  lettr  to  wish  him  &  his  company  to  leave  ther  quarters 
&  rine  out  of  the  County  (wch  they  might  soone  have  done)  ffor  the 
Comissionrs  haveing  notice  of  his  comeing  towards  Kendall  would 
easyly  guessed  of  his  mothrs  house  the  messengr  wch  I  sent  was  wth 
him  in  lesse  then  a  quartr  of  an  houre,  but  as  I  heard  aftrwards  they 
neglected  mye  notice  &  admonition   &  fell  to  drinkeing. 

6.  I  doubted  lest  the  first  messengr  might  be  slacke,  I  sent  anothr 
but  he  could  not  passe  the  bridges  at  or  townes  ends  for  watch  wa& 
sett  at  evry  passage  out  of  or  towne  to  pvent  any  notice  to  be  given 
him  &  I  psuaded  this  second  messengr  to  wade  through  or  Kent 
rivr,  but  durst  not  do  it  for  dangr  of  his  health  if  not  his  life. 

7.  After  this  I  heard  Ffletcher's  wife  was  wth  the  Comissionrs  of 
Array  that  night  petitioning  for  her  husband's  librty  to  come  home, 
she  not  yet  knoweing  her  husband  to  be  so  meere,  &  my  selfe  hereing 
of  her  being  at  signe  of  the  Flax  wth  the  Comissionr  went  to  the 
house  wth  a  friend  of  myne  true  &  trusty  to  the  cause  of  pliament 
&  gott  her  into  anothr  roome  &  my  friend  &  my  self  told  her  that 
her  husband  was  at  her  mothrs  house  &  told  her  how  I  had  sent  & 
whom  yet  wished  her  to  hasten  home  lest  ther  might  be  any  misse 
in  that  messengrs.  she  thankt  me  &  ran  homeward  but  the  strange 
watch  being  sett  she  was  taken  &  brought  backe  agayne  (by  this  tyme 
it  was  ten  a  clock  at  night)  to  Comissionrs  of  Array,  who  examined 
her  why  she  pted  from  them  so  suddenly  she  told  them  she  heard 
her  husband  was  at  her  mothrs  house  &  she  was  hasteneing  to  him  to 
acquaynte  him  that  they  were  sending  out  warrants  (&  iaideede  that 
was  the  Comissionrs  worke  that  eveing)  to  apprehend  him.  the 
Comissionrs  inquired  of  her  how  she  knewe  her  husband  there — she 
answered  Mr  Masy  told  me,  I  was  called  for  &  asked  the  question  & 
I  answered  I  heard  he  came  through  Sedbure  that  day  they  replyed 
they  heard  the  same  &  urged  me  furthr  that  told  his  wife  (as  before) 
that  he  was  at  his  mothrs  house.  I  answered  I  heard  so.  &  thereuppon 
I  was  kept  close  in  Comissionrs  Chambr  till  they  were  ready  to  send 
a  pty  of  horse  to  apprehend  him. 


-916 


The   Ejected    of   1662 


8.  After  all  this  when  the  clock  stroke  &  chimes  went  twelve  at 
night  the  Comissionrs  wth  a  ptie  of  horse  rode  to  Ffletchers  mothr  in 
lawes  house  &  ther  found  them  as  the  Amalekites  drinkeing  &  danoe- 
ing  &  so  apprehended  him  &  his  2  companions — all  the  pmisses  ar 
true.  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  iudge  who  discovred  Ffletcher  &  whethr 
I  was  not  his  speaciall  friend  to  convey  him  from  out  of  reatch  from 
■6  o  Clocke  when  I  first  gave  him  notice  to  speede  away  to  12  a 
clocke  Yor  Lorp  can  guesse  how  far  he  might  have  beene  before 
takeing  or  by  removeing  to  some  othr  place.  I  will  not  trouble  Yor 
Lorp  wth  the  impossibility  of  effecting  his  purpose  &  executeing  his 
Comission  if  he  had  come  safely — for  I  dare  say  all  that  were 
nominated  in  his  Comission  were  ioyned  to  tothr  ptie  or  were  undr 
ther  power,  besides  this  when  Ffletcher  &  his  company  were  taken  & 
rifled  they  had  but  6  or  7s  amongst  them  all.  I  am  bold  to  acquaynte 
Yor  Lorp  wth  these  (as  I  could  Many  more)  pticulars  to  lett  Yr  Lorp 
fully  knowe  (that  howevr  playntifes  may  speake  loude  &  make  a  greate 
;SOund  of  a  greate  hindrance)  that  nothing  could  likely  be  donne  by 
him  For  the  pliaments  besides  this  aftr  Ffletcher  by  God's  pvidence 
escaped  out  of  Appleby  prison,  his  2  Companions  turned  to  &  served 
undr  the  enemies. 

All  this  tyme  was  I  undr  sureties  till  Ffebruary  toward  the  end  & 
aftr  one  month  an  oath  was  offred  to  me  to  subscribe  it,  I  denyed 
it  &  was  kept  close  priaoner  3  or  4  houres.  I  pceaved  that  Kendall 
was  no  safety  for  me  for  the  Comissionrs  of  Array  &  othr  Comissionrs 
dealt  most  iniuriously  wth  me  &  all  othr  honestly  affected  in  or  towne 
&  country.  Assoone  as  I  could  gett  (wch  was  longe  first)  my  sureties 
loosed  I  desired  the  Lord  to  direct  me,  I  could  not  preach  in  quiet 
but  burdened  dayly  &  complayned  of  the  Lord  cast  me  on  Edinburge 
where  I  was  16  monethes  &  lost  all  my  meanes  at  Kendall  chooseing 
rathr  to  be  undone  at  liberty  than  undone  in  prison  for  the  last  was  the 
Ayme  of  the  enemie.  After  4  or  5  monethes  of  my  being  at  Edenburgh 
the  Scotch  Army  was  ppareing  for  England,  but  they  listed  vry 
slowely  &  report  was  want  of  supply  of  monies  from  England  & 
monies  in  England  at  that  tyme  (as  it  seemed)  being  not  ovr  plenty  I 
went  to  Mr.  Marshall  (who  was  with  Sr.  Will.  Ermine  &  the  rest 
Commissionrs  at  Edenburgh),  &  told  him  I  had  lOOli  in  London  wch  I 
would  willingly  cast  into  the  publike,  evry  drop  addes  something  he 
reioyced  at  it,  &  I  sent  a  lettr  by  him  to  Noble  Mris  Goodwine  to 
that  purpose  wch  was  donne.  Yor  Lorp  knowes  this  to  be  true  : 
aboute  ending  of  Octobr  following  I  returned  to  Kendall.  I  came 
thithr  on  thorsday  &  twesday  aftr  the  Skiptonrs  came  to  or  towne  & 
sought  oftener  in  my  house  for  me  then  for  any,  wch  they  would  not 
have  done  if  I  had  beene  their  friend,  but  blessed  be  God  I  escaped 
ther  cruelty.  I  feare  I  have  troubled  Yor  Lorp  too  longe  I  shall  but 
adde  a  little  more  to  the  truthes  formrly  sett  downe.  I  knowe  Yor 
Lorp  can  clearely  se  through  this  whole  busynes. 


Kendal  9 1 7 

If  I  had  not  beene  (to  my  powr)  a  constant  friend  to  the  pliament  I 
should  not  have  cast  in  my  mite  of  monies  for  help. 

2ly  I  should  not  have  beene  so  care  full  to  pserve  Henry  Ffletcher 
by  sending  resending  to  him  as  I  did.  3rdly  I  should  not  have  neede 
to  have  fled  into  Scotland  (where  if  the  lord  had  not  mercifully 
pvided  for  me,  my  wife  &  2  children  we  should  have  pished  for 
want).  4thly  I  would  nevr  escaped  the  cruelty  of  Skiptonrs  who 
stadily  sought  af tr  me  &  I  ad  this  to  the  rest  af tr  my  returne  home  & 
Ffletcher's  dwelling  amongst  us  he  nor  his  wife  nevr  charged  me  wth 
any  unkindnes  but  rathr  thanked  me  for  my  care  in  sending  to  him  as 
above  mentioned  &  blese  God  that  it  was  well  with  me  &  did  acknow- 
ledge his  owne  carelessness  ( ?)  of  himself  &  his  sorrowe  that  his  lettrs 
directed  to  me  &  intercepted  should  drowe  so  much  trouble  uppon  me 
&  thus  as  longe  as  he  lived  we  lived  comfortably  together.  I  hope 
Yor  Lorp  will  be  satis fyed  &  if  jMusgrave  &  Crakenthrop  who  ar  (as  I 
here  informers)  should  be  suffred  to  suggest  such  mattrs  they  ar  able 
to  sett  stones  togethr  by  the  mores ( ?).  Ycr  Lorp  will  receave  a 
certificate  concearneing  Mr  Sherrifes  placeing  one  Thom.  Kilner  Clarke 
of  the  peace,  its  conceaved  that  one  Robt  Harrison  of  Kendall  is  the 
authour  of  the  Complaynt,  if  it  come  to  Yor  Lorp  all  honest  &  well 
affected  to  pliament  can  testify  that  Harrison  is  a  stinking  malignant, 
from  the  very  begining  of  these  troubles  &  so  continues  &  can 
likewise  testify  for  Kilner  that  he  hath  beene  evr  &  is  (for  ought  any 
in  or  towne  &  county  knowe)  a  vry  entire  man  for  pliament.  Right 
Noble  Lord  all  that  is  Complayned  of  my  selfe  &  knowe  it  pceedes  out 
of  no  ground  of  truth  on  the  playntifes  side  unlesse  the  divell  be 
angry  with  my  ministry  in  these  ptes  &  he  rageth  &  rayseth  up 
informants  agaynst  me  I  blesse  god  I  am  cleare  in  conscience  from 
any  imputation  of  the  most  malignant  tounges-  I  have  beene  often 
questioned  by  episcopall  wigs,  but  nevr  (till  now)  by  any  ptendr  to 
religion,  if  God  be  wth  me  I  knowe  none  can  hurt  me  I  have  pleaded 
longe  for  myself,  yet  I  say  though  I  knowe  nothing  by  myself  yet 
am  not  I  thereby  iustified.  Thus  with  my  humble  thankes  to  Yor 
Lorp  &  wth  my  prayrs  for  Yor  &  Yor  Lorp's  Xoble  Lady 

I  rest 
Yor  Lorp's  most  faythfuU  servant  m  the  Lord  Jesus 
Henrie    Masy 
Kendall  this  18th  of  December  1647. 
[Endorsed  and  addressed  as  usual.] 

Right  Honrable 

This  last  friday  I  receaved  a  lettr  from  onS  Mr.  Allan,  one  of  the 
sureties  for  Mr.  Hall  (my  pdecessor)  for  payment  of  first  fruites  in 
that  office,  wch  indeede  I  am  to  discharge  as  formerly  I  acquaynted 
Yor  Lorp,  &  concearneing  the  2  bonds  in  that  first  fruites  office  Yor 
Lorp  (I  humbly  thanke  Yor  Lorp)  gote  an  Ordr  to  suspend  payment  & 
trouble,  but  his  lettr  was  vry  formidable  &   full  of  threates  he  hath 


9i8  The    Ejected   of  1662 


beene  as  he  writes  at  the  office  &  I  feare  hath  desired  that  he  &  the- 
othr  surety  Mr  Austen  may  be  sued  &  so  they  suddenly  to  sue  me. 
I  should  be  unwilling  to  be  troubled  &  espeacially  when  I  canot  pay 
it :  I  am  bold  therefore  to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  to  take  occasion 
to  speake  in  my  behalfe  in  my  heareing  that  no  suite  may  pceede  but 
that  Yor  Lorp  would  be  pleased  (I  knowe  one  word  of  Yor  Lorp's  or 
of  any  Yor  Lorp  will  imploy  can  do  it)  to  take  up  the  2  bonds 
&  cancell  them,  its  a  small  mattr  though  greate  in  respect  of  my  selfe, 
I  beseech  Yor  Lorp  say  Yor  word  &  call  for  the  bonds.  I  confesse  I 
stand  obliged  to  Yor  Lorp  for  many  Noble  favours  &  therefore  this 
my  prayr  shall  be  ever  for  Yor  Lorp  &  I  shall  remayne 

Yor  Lorp's  most  faythfuU  Servant  in  the  Lord 
Jesus 
Kendall  This  17  of  Jan.  1647.  Henrie  Masy. 

Right  Honble 

This  bearer  Willia  Garnet  is  imployed  &  sent  up  to  London  tc 
sollicite  some  busynes  for  the  Comittee  here  in  Westmrland  conceaming 
wronges  done  them  &  others  by  the  Country  violence  whyles  they 
were  psecuting  the  publike  service  Comanded  by  Ordinance  of 
pliament,  wch  I  referre  to  a  petition  from  the  Comittee  &  relation  of 
this  bearer  other  mattrs  also  is  he  imployed  in  Concearneing  the 
publike.  I  am  therefore  bold  (this  bearer  being  a  strangr  to  Yor 
Lorp)  to  certify  Yor  Lorp  in  his  behalfe,  that  from  beginning  of 
these  troubles  he  hath  evr  beene  (&  so  continues)  exceedeing  faythfull 
to  the  pliament  &  hath  served  them  agaynst  the  enemie  beareing  & 
pformeing  the  office  of  a  Capteyne  of  a  stoute  Company  wherein  he 
hath  beene  very  active  hath  done  much  &  suffered  much  &  I  am  bold 
to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  to  direct  him  &  furthr  him  in  any  his  lawfull 
desires.  I  knowe  Yor  Lorp  will  fynd  him  vry  pious  &  honest  &  his 
desires  &  endeavours  trending  to  Honour  of  Pliament  &  weale  of  the 
well  affected  amongst  us.  Thus  craveing  pdon  wth  hvunble  thankes 
to  Yor  Lorp  for  Yor  many  Noble  favours  &  wth  my  dayly  prayrs 
for  Yor    Lorp 

I  rest 
Yor  Lorps  most  humble  Servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  this  24th  Jan  1647  Henrie  Masy. 

Right  Honble 

This  last  Saturday  I  receaved  a  lettr  from  Mr.  Strickland  Ministr 
&  my  good  friend  wherein  he  certifyed  me  that  an  Ordr  is  obteyned 
from  the  Comittee  of  Revenue  for  the  discharge  of  arreares  of  first 
fruites,  he  writes  it  was  Graunted  the  6th  of  March  last  undr  the 
hands  of  some  Lords  &  othr  gentlemen,  &  Yor  Lorp  is  one  that 
graunted  it  wth  others,  the  Ordr  is  not  sent  to  me.  this  vry  day  I 
had  a  thundreing  lettr  from  one  of  the  sureties  in  the  bonds  lyeing 
in  the   first   fruites   office   &   threatens  me    with  an  extent  to   come 


Kendal  9 1 9 

uppon  my  poore  vicaradge  &  it  seemes  the  first  fruites  office  psecutes 
the  sureties  wth  much  violence.  I  have  seait  to  Mr  Strickland  (but  I 
doubt  he  is  not  in  London)  that  he  exhibite  tha  Ordr  to  the  office  : 
my  humble  suite  to  Yor  Lorp  (though  I  confesse  its  not  worthy 
Yor  Lorp's  thoughts)  is  that  in  this  exigence  &  greate  straite  Yor 
Lorp  would  be  pleased  to  seaid  one  of  Yor  servants  to  the  office  & 
cause  a  stay  to  be  made  of  psecution  untill  the  Ordr  be  shewed  there, 
the  carrier  is  nowe  goeing  from  or  [our]  Kendall  I  canot  enlarge  but 
only  this  if  Yor  Lorp  please  to  send  it  must  be  wth  all  speed.  Thus 
craveing  pdon  for  my  boldnes  pmiseing  my  prayrs  for  Yor  Lorp 
I  rest 

Yor  Lorp's  most  humble  Servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Kendall  this  29th  of  Henri*  Masy 

March  1647. 

Right   Honble  Lord 

On  friday  last  I  receaved  Yor  Lorp's  lettr  of  the  29th  of  Ffeb  (for 
wch  &  all  othr  Yor  Noble  favours  I  humbly  thanke  you)  wherein 
Yor  Lorp  willed  Mr.  Benson  &  my  selfe  to  repayre  to  London  Mr. 
Benson  doth  purpose  (Gk)d  willing)  to  waite  cm  Yor  Lorp  shortly  aftr; 
Eastr  for  my  selfe  it  hath  pleased  God  to  afflict  me  wth  extremity  of 
sicknes,  &  the  same  hand  that  wounded  me  hath  in  greate  measure 
healed  me  I  blesse  the  Author  of  life  &  health  for  both,  the  Lord 
sancetifye  it  unto  me  whereuppon  I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  excuse  me 
for  not  comeing  so  soone  as  I  desire  for  though  (I  blesse  thalmighty) 
I  am  in  a  good  disposition  &  forwadnes  to  healthward  yet  I  dare  not 
fiuddeynly  undrtake  a  London  ioumey,  but  pleasing  God  towards 
Whitesontide  (I  hope  if  strength)  I  shall  waite  on  Yor  Lorp.  in 
the  interim  I  humbly  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  have  an  ey  to  the 
[one  or  two  words  over  the  top  not  decipheredj  first  fruites  office 
conceameinge  Mr  Hall's  first  fruites  for  wch  I  in  conscience  stand 
engaged,  I  had  vry  lately  a  thundring  lettr  from  Mr  Allan  one 
of  the  sureties  for  Mr  Hall  that  unlesse  this  next  tearme  the  monie 
be  payd  into  the  office  1  must  expect  a  storme.  I  desire  therefore 
Yor  Lorp  (I  shall  not  cease  to  trouble  you  but  pdon  I  hope  for)  that 
if  Yor  Lorp's  great  imployment  will  pmitt  that  you  speake  wth  the 
gentlemen  of  that  office  that  nothing  may  issue  out  agaynst  me  Yor 
Lorp's  formr  care  of  this  pticular  emboldens  me  humbly  to  entreate 
Yor  Lorp's  care  for  the  future.  Right  Honble  Lord  Aboute  fornight 
since  I  sent  to  Yor  Lorp  humbly  desireing  Yor  Lorp  (ethr  by  Yor 
self  or  Sr  Henry  Vane  or  by  whom  Yor  Lorp  please)  to  send  to  the 
Comittee  of  Durham  that  they  take  care  of  payment  of  my  augmentation 
out  of  the  Deane  &  Chapt  Land  the  Some  of  50  li  p  ann  wch  Yor  Ld 
gott  for  me  the  22th  of  Aprill  next  two  yeares  (Yor  past  favours 
have  beene  to  me  beyond  expression)  but  as  yet  nevr  a  peny  payd  : 
this  aftrnoone  (wch  psuaded  me  to   trouble  Yor  Lorp   in  the  same 

J 


920  The   Ejected   of   1662 

busynes)  I  here  by  one  that  is  an  agent  for  that  Comittee  a  Durham 
man  that  all  the  Augmentations  out  of  lands  aforesayd  ar  by  the 
Lords  house  Graunted  to  one  Mr.  Swart  ( ?)  (sometimes  prebend  of 
Durham)  to  recovr  his  greate  &  longes(?)  wch  deprive  many  minstrs 
thereabouts  of  meanes  to  live  &  many  Congregations  of  the  meanes  of 
spiritual  life,  &  amongst  the  rest  myne  is  gone,  but  I  imdrstand  the 
Comittee  purpose  to  petition  the  Right  Honble  house  of  lords  for  a 
remedy  :  &  howevr  matters  goe  yet  (if  Yor  Lorp  please)  ther  may  be 
some  psent  help  for  me  &  myne  arreares  of  2  yeares,  &  I  humbly 
desire  Yor  Lorp  to  take  notice  of  it  &  afford  Yor  Noble  favour  (as 
evr  you  have  done)  &  I  doubt  not  but  myne  arreares  may  be  payd 
for  psent.  My  Noble  Lorp  there  is  one  Mr.  Isaacke  Gilpin  (Clarke 
of  Durham  Comittee)  himself  told  me  (&  wisht  me  to  use  my  best 
friends  in  it)  that  he  hath  in  his  hands  16011  the  rent  of  the  Deanes 
parke  called  beare  parke,  &  out  of  that  he  doubts  not  but  myne 
arreares  may  be  payd,  if  Yor  Lorp  please  to  ordr  it,  I  humbly 
desire  Yor  Lorp  to  take  Knoweledge  of  this  man  &  this  rent  in  his 
hand,  &  that  (  as  I  psume  on  Yor  Lorp's  word  &  willingness)  myne 
arreares  vrill  be  payd  me  by  Mr  Gilpine  :  thus  craveing  pdon  I  shall 
evr  pray  for  Yor  Lorp  &  Yor  right  Noble  lady  wth  Yor  sweete  little 
ones  &  shall  remayne 

Yor   Lorp's   most   humble  &  faythfull  servant 
Kendall  This  20th  of  March  Henrie  Masy 

1647  Endorsed  as  usual. 

Right  Honrable 

On  the  22  of  Aprill  1646  I  had  by  Yor  Lorp's  meanes  an  augmentation 
of  50  li  p  ann  Graunted  by  the  Comittee  of  plundred  ministrs,  wch  in 
Aprill  next  will  be  2  compleate  yeares,  &  since  that  tyme  I  nevr 
receaved  one  peny  from  the  Comittee  of  Durham,  for  it  was  allowed 
out  of  the  Deane  &  Chapter  land  of  that  Cathedrall.  I  have  heard 
from  thence  sometymes  wth  hopes  of  receaveing,  but  as  yet  none 
comes,  the  Ordr  was  well  accepted  &  entred  by  the  Durham  Comittee, 
but  no  payement  I  have  forebome  to  trouble  Yor  Lorp  in  hopes  of 
monies,  but  at  psent  I  am  bold  to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  (amongst  Yor 
greate  imployments)  to  thinke  of  some  course,  ethr  Yor  Lorp  or  by 
Sr  Henry  Vane  to  send  to  that  Noble  gentleman  Sr  George  Vane  his 
brother  or  any  othr  of  the  Comittee,  or  to  all  of  the  Comittee,  but 
I  leave  all  to  Yor  Lorp's  wisedome  and  as  Yor  Noble  favour  obteyned 
it  so  the  same  may  pcure  it,  &  continue  it  to  me  thus  craveing  pdon 
for  my  boldnes  in  this  &  many  othr  pticulars  I  shall  constantly  pray 
for  Yor  Lorp  &  shall  nevr  fayle  to  be 

Yor  Lorp's  most  humble  servant  in  the  Lord  Jesus 
while  I  remayne 
Kendall  this  6th  Henrie  Masy. 

of  March  1647. 


Kendal  921 

Right   Honble 

I  receaved  Yor  Lorp's  lettr  of  the  4th  of  Aprill.  I  humbly  thanke 
Yor  Lorp  for  Noble  favours  hertofore  and  furthr  expressed  in  that 
lettr.  Yor  Lorp  willed  me  to  write  where  Mr  Allan  one  of  Mr  Hall's 
sureties  may  be  found,  he  lives'  in  friday-streete  of  the  signe  of  the 
Barge,  vry  lowe  downe  in  that  streete.  I  doubt  not  (if  Yor  Lorp 
please  to  send  for  him  &  to  speake  wth  the  gentleman  in  first  fruites 
office)  but  pceedings  agaynst  may  easyly  be  stayed.  At  my  comeing 
to  London  (wch  I  hope  the  Lord  will  shortly  enable  me)  I  shall  petition 
the  Comittee  (but  as  Yor  Lorp  shall  advise  me,  I  pceave  Yor  Lorp 
is  one  of  them)  that  the  bonds  may  be  taken  up  wthout  payment  of 
the  monies,  for  good  reason  may  be  shewed,  first  half  a  yeare  before 
it  came  due  &  payeable  or  troubles  in  &  aboute  Kendall  were  such  by 
the  King's  ptee,  that  no  dues  could  be  gotte,  nay  not  demanded  of 
the  pishioners  &  aftr  that  I  was  soone  enforced  to  fly  to  Edenburgh 
where  I  continued  16  monthes  for  safety,  &  all  that  tyme  a  Chaplayne 
of  the  Earle  of  Newcastle  was  sett  into  the  Vicaradge  of  Kendall,  & 
tooke  all  the  pfitts.  &  aftr  my  retume  wch  was  in  October,  I  gotte 
not  one  peny  till  6  monethes  after  &  it  seemes  vry  reasonable  (that 
the  enemies  hindring  the  pfitts  &  takeing  the  pfitts  from  me,  such  as 
should  have  satisfyed  the  bondes)  that  the  bonds  should  be  freely 
cancelled  :  &  if  (notwithstanding  the  losses  susteyned  by  the  enemies) 
the  monies  must  needes  be  payd,  I  hope  the  Interest  of  the  80li  wch 
yet  lies  for  the  pliament  service  (since  the  tyme  I  layd  it  in)  will 
(if  not  fully,  yet  well  nigh)  satisfye  the  bonds  But  I  hope  by  Yor 
Lorp's  Noble  favour  it  may  be  othrwise  ordred  but  at  my  comeing 
to  London  I  shall  make  bold  to  advise  wth  Yor  Lorp  aboute  it.  Yor 
Lorp  writte  of  secureing  the  monies  (by  doubling  them)  on  Bpp  lands 
&  Yor  Lorp  writt-e  me  to  certify  my  mynde,  whethr  I  will  goe  that 
way  :  truely  my  Lord  I  canot  do  it,  but  I  shall  at  my  comeing  up 
rathr  endeavour  to  gett  my  monies  payd  me,  for  its  high  tyme  for 
me  to  pvide  some  small  portion  for  my  poore  wife  &  children. 
Yor  Lorp  willed  me  to  send  a  coppy  of  myne  ordr  for  501i  p  ann  out 
of  Durham  wch  I  have  done  in  this  enclosed  paper.  I  desire  Yor 
Lorp  (as  you  Nobly  pmise)  to  take  care  of  it  theres  2  fifty  poundes 
due  to  me  this  22nd  of  this  instant  Aprill.  Thus  hoping  Yor  Lorp 
will  excuse  me  in  that  I  canot  doe  &  that  Yor  Lorp  will  be  pleased 
to  take  care  &  help  me  in  that  wch  may  be  done  &  I  shall  evr  pray 
for  Yor  Lorp  &  rest 

Henrie  Masy. 
Kendall  this  17th  of  Aprill   1648. 

[Addressed   and   Endorsed   as  usual.] 

Right  Honble 

I  receaved  Yor  Lorp's  lettr  by  this  last  post.  I  humbly  thanke 
Yor  Lorp  for  Yor  Noble  expressions  of  care  &   fatherly  love  to  me 


92  2  The   Ejected   of  1662 

nowe  &  evr  heretofore  in  the  close  of  the  lettr  Yor  Lorp  willed  me  to 
write  what  I  here  &  how  the  affayres  of  Westmrland  ar,  by  this  I 
doubt  whethr  Yor  Lorp  receaved  my  lettr  by  the  last  post  comeing  to 
London  for  therein  I  mentioned  all  I  then  had  heard  how  80 
houses  of  Yor  Lorp's  tenants  were  burnt  by  the  enemie,  but  where 
I  knows  not.  I  wrote  likewise  of  insolence  &  plundring  carriage  of 
the  enemies  in  ther  comeing  to  kendall  &  at  ther  returne  out  of 
Lancashire  aftr  the  rout«ing  of  them  (a  miraculous  mercy  it  was 
blessed  be  God)  in  that  County  :  they  spoyled  all  they  could  in  & 
about  or  towne  of  Kendall.  I  wrote  some  pticulars  how  they  dealt 
with  my  house,  &  aU  thinges  in  it  they  have  not  left  the  value  of  a 
peny,  &  all  my  bookes  &  notes  carried  away  by  them,  my  friends 
there  my  daughters  &  servants  could  not  save  one,  all  or  best  friends 
were  tied  &  othrs  wth  whom  formrly  we  lived  peaceable  would  not 
entrteyne  any  books  of  myne,  feareing  (for  so  they  sayd)  least 
themselves  should  fare  the  worse  :  if  any  of  my  bookes  wsrs  found  wth 
them  so  that  all  is  plundred  :  besides  I  have  a  sone  in  lawe  that  had  in 
my  house  3  or  4  purses  some  his  owne  monies,  &  some  othr  men's  one 
purse  wherin  was  80li  is  found  &  carried  away  &  what  is  become  of 
the  rest  we  here  not  as  yet  :  I  feare  of*  some  monies  of  myne  (wch  is  to 
be  payd  at  micheltide  next  &  some  othrs)  will  be  taken  from  me.  its 
monie  due  for  somr  [Somer]  pasture  of  Kine  but  as  yet  I  heare  not  of  it, 
the  enemies  some  pte  of  them  ar  (as  I  here)  in  Kendall  &  they  knows 
the  tyme  (for  they  ar  my  pishioners)  of  payment  for  the  Cowe  grasse 
&  talke  of  it  already,  so  that  if  they  be  not  beaten  out  before 
micheltide,  they  will  compeU  such  as  should  pay  to  pay  it  to  thsm  if 
they  have  not  done  it  already : — My  losse  is  greate  &  my  selfe 
uttrly  undone,  I  can  account  it  already  towards  50011  wth  losses  & 
cost  since  my  banishment  from  Kendall  &  the  enemie  hath  not  only 
carried  all  away  but  spoyled  my  house,  windowes  dores  &  all  utinseles, 
bookes  &  monies  and  they  have  raysed  flatt  to  the  ground  some  pte 
of  the  house  &  what  els  thsy  have  since  done  I  here  not  ther  malice 
hath  gone  farr  agaynst  me  &  myne,  but  I  blesse  God  (the  pservr  of 
man)  that  hithrto  ksept  me  from  ther  cruell  hands.  Right  Honble 
the  last  weeke  I  made  bold  to  signify  the  pmisses  to  Yor  Lorp  & 
wthall  I  himibly  desired  (&  now  likewise  by  this  psent)  that  Yor 
Lorp  when  there  shalbs  opportunity  be  pleased  to  advise  &  direct  me 
concearneing  repations  [reparations]  I  here  of  such  pious  intentions 
of  the  Honble  pliamsnt  that  I  ths  poorest  (yet  evr  the  most  cordiall 
friend  to  the  pliament  hoth  in  acting  &  suffring)  may  not  be  left 
naked.  I  humbly  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  direct  &  help  me  for  remedy. 
I  heard  yesterday  that  Mr.  Sheriff  Branthwayte  is  yet  in  Lancastr 
Castle  for  sheltr  vry  well  &  vry  many  in  the  Land.  I  wish  that 
a  Isttr  be  speedyly  sent  to  the  Aldrmen  &  Burgssses  at  Kendall,  from 
the  pliament  or  from  Yor  Lorp  (I  knowe  that  will  do  it  if  Yor  Lorp 
be  pleased  to  write)  that  they  elect  agayne  Thom  Sandes  maior  of  or 


Kendal  923 

towne  this  last  yeare  he  hath  not  served  his  tyme  half  out,  but  was 
enforced  to  Qy  &  hath  suffred  much,  if  ther  shalbe  librty  to  choose 
a  maior  in  that  towne  at  Michaltide  the  ordinary  tyme  of  election,  I 
desire  (if  Yor  Lorp  thinke  fitt)  that  Yor  Lorp  write  to  the  towne  to 
that  purpose  that  Mr  Sandes  be  Chosen  agayne  I  am  bold  to  desire 
this  of  Yor  Lorp  because  I  know  the  spirits  of  the  man  that  aftr 
this  storme,  if  a  calme  come  to  bears  office,  he  will  be  more  stoute  & 
ready  &  that  with  piety  &  wisdome  I  hope  for  this  affliction  hath 
scholed  him  &  nowe  he  sees  more  then  evr  he  thought  could  be  in 
naughty  men,  more  ready  to  do  good  service  for  the  towne  &  for 
publike  honour  of  pliament  then  any  othr  :  if  Yor  Lorp  please  to 
write  it  must  be  at  Kendall  before  Mooiday  seavennight  next  if  Yor 
Lorp  send  Yor  Lettr  to  me  at  Chestr  by  the  next  post  I  shall 
receave  it  on  next  tuesday  night  &  shall  God  willing  send  it  by  a  spall 
messengr  to  Kendall  &  that  seasonably  for  the  purpose.  I  leave  all  to 
Yor  Lorp's  wisest  considration  praying  the  greate  God  of  heaven  & 
earth  to  blesse  you  wth  Yor  Noble  Lady  &  Yors  &  to  blesse  You  in 
all  Yor  greate  publike  imployments  this  shall  be  dayly  prayr  of 

Yor  Lorp's  poore  banished  &  most  faythful  servant  in  the 

Lord  Jesus 
Chestr  this  16th  of  Henrie  Masy. 

Sept   1648. 

[The  following  is  added  :] 

I  desire  Yor  Lorp  to  take  notice  that  I  alwayes 
pay  the  post  here  in  Chestr  both  when  I  send 
&  when  I  receave  lettrs.     I  knowe  it  belonges 
to  me  to  be  done  but  I  write  this  lest  Yor  Lorp 
be  troubled,  &  that  there  be  not  takeing  twice  pay 
for  lettrs  I  pray  leave  that  to  me,  for  I  have 

&  shall  continue  to  do  it,  I  humbly  thank  Yor  Lorp  that  You  vouchsafe 
me  favour  to  receave  my  lettrs 
&  send  to  me  in  Yor  greate  importent  publike 
imployments. 
[End.,]  Mr  Masey  to  mee 

1  about  the  mayor  of  Kendal  to  bee  elected 

2  his  losses 

3  payment  of  lettrs. 

Right  Honble 

I  humbly  thanke  Yor  Lorp  for  Yor  many  Noble  favours  &  for 
them  continued  as  Yor  Lorp's  lettr  of  31st  of  Octobr  (receaved  by 
this  last  post)  importes  for  Yor  Lorp's  advertisements  &  wise  cautions 
I  shall  God  willing  make  a  thankefull  use  of  them,  for  any  dishonring 
of  them  (I  psume  its  meant  of  the  Noble  pliament  or  the  valiant  & 


924 


The   Ejected   of    1662 


successfull  army  or  both)  to  whom  the  Kingdome  oweth  so  much,  be 
it  farre  from  my  thoughts,  if  any  thing  hath  beene  spoken  in  private 
conference  wch  some  may  be  apt  to  catch  at  &  wrest  it  wth  aggravation 
to  make  up  a  complaynt,  I  must  say  wth  the  psalmist,  if  the  Lord 
should  marke  all  what  any  doth  amisse  who  were  able  to  stand,  but 
sure  I  am  I  nevr  have  cast  any  aspsion'  on  the  one  or  the  othr,  but 
in  publike  &  private  (as  all  the  ministrs  in  this  Citty  can  witnes)  have 
&  do,  on  all  occasions  spoken  to  ther  everlasting  honour  &  renowne  & 
that  wch  I  have  done  &  suffred  from  first  to  last  in  that  case  will 
plead  for  me  wth  any  rationall  men  :  since  Whitson  day  last  ruineing 
my  house  plundring  of  all  my  goods  &  bookes  with  80  li  of  my  son  in 
lawes  by  the  enemies.  I  have  lost  500li  wch  I  could  have  pserved  or 
kept  if  my  hearty  affections  had  not  beene  wth  God's  cause  whatsoever 
information  hath  come  to  Yor  Lorp  I  hope  Yor  Lorp  will  not  be 
ovr  credulous.  I  doubt  not  but  the  profe  of  affection  &  fidelity  shall 
appeare  to  any  that  is  yet  unsatisfyed,  how  my  cariage  &  courses  have 
beene  and  shalbe  to  all  that  wish  well  to  the  Kingdome  of  the  Lord 
Jesus.  I  had  many  invitations  &  2  serall  ptections  sent  me  from  the 
greatest  enemies  at  Kendall  at  my  first  flight  from  thence  this  last 
Somer  but  nothing  could  pvayle  to  psuade  my  retume  &  I  am  sure 
my  flyeing  drewe  aftr  from  Kendall  &  the  Country  aboute  it  at  least 
200  or  300  honest  men  who  have  since  done  vry  good  service  undr 
Noble  Lieutenant  Genrall  Cromwell :  &  this  I  did  endeavour  to  the 
utmost  of  my  powr  to  advance  the  cause  of  Christ.  I  knowe  the 
enemie  went  on  ther  old  rotten  principles  &  therefore  we  went  undr 
ptection  of  God  &  his  worthy  &  evr  honred  Instruments.  At  my  first 
Comeijig  to  the  Citty  of  Chestr  aboute  the  ending  of  June  last  (being 
indeede  invited  thithr  by  unexpected  pvidence)  I  will  not  say  I  had 
not  a  ragge  to  my  backe  for  I  had  nothing  els  but  ragges.  I  found 
many  worthy  friends  in  the  Citty  &  some  of  anothr  opnion  whom 
I  entirely  loved  layeing  aside  all  such  differences  I  endeavoured  to 
close  in  wth  them  &  had  hopes  of  pitty  &  compassion  (being  in  a 
banished  conditioin)  but  I  found  Contrary  &  I  must  confesse  T  nevr 
mett  wth  such  course  dealing  since  I  knewe  (if  I  do  knowe)  what 
civillity  &  Morrall  carriage  is,  hence  the  worst  is  made  of  any  thinge 
I  speake  or  doe — opposition  I  call  it  not,  but  disturbance  in  or 
Ministrs  we  have  found  in  this  Citty  &  threates  to  be  pluckt  out 
of  the  pulpite  but  I  confesse  I  nevr  beleeve  it.  I  shall  not  trouble 
Yor  Lorp  furthr  only  this,  I  have  greatest  cause  to  complayne  but 
I  desire  it  not  (I  was  yet  nevr  of  a  turbulent  &  litigious  spirit)  but 
I  forbeare  :  when  God  shall  give  me  leave  &  opportunity  to  se  Yor 
Lorp  in  London  I  shall  acquaynte  Yor  Lorp  in  the  interim  I  desire 
Yor  Lorp  &  all  honest  friends  to  suspend  Yor  iudgement  &  reteyne 
Yor  good  opinions  of  me  &  to  help  in  all  lawefuU  acts  &  to 
stand  in  defence  agaynst  all  cavills  &  calumnies.  I  have  beene  putt 
in   mynd   to   endeavour   for  repations   some  friends   here   in   Chestr 


Kendal  925 

psuade  me  that  it  is  seasonable.  I  am  bold  to  entreate  Yor  Lorp  to 
advise  me  &  when  it  may  be  opportune  tyme  &  what  will  be 
the  method.  I  desire  Yor  Lor  pdon  my  boldnes  &  continue  Yor 
Noble  favours  &  I  shall  continue  my  thankefulnes  &  prayrs  to 
Gcd  for  Yor  Lorp  wth  Yor  Right  Noble  Lady  &  sweete  pledges  of 
his  love 

I  remayne 

Yor  Lorp's  most  humble  &  faythfuU  Servant 
in  the  Lord  Jesus 
Henrie   Masy. 

Chestr  this  4th  Novembr  1648 

To  the  Right  Honble  Lord  Wharton  at  his  house  in 
Clerkenwell 

these   d.d. 

in  London 

[End  :]  Mr.  Masy  to  mee  in  vindication  of  himselfe. 


This  is  the  last  of  the  Masy  Letters;  but  to  them  may 
be  appended  the  following,  which  should  be  read  along 
with  the  Letter  on  p.  886. 


Right  Honble 

At  my  beinge  at  Preston  this  last  weeke  wth  the  Lancashire 
Comittee,  I  had  information  by  some  of  my  good  friends  and  membrs 
of  that  Comittee.  That  the  Comittee  of  Lancashire  beinge  desirous  to 
have  the  pbate  of  Wills  &  grauntinge  of  Administrations  for  the  whole 
County  of  Lancaster  setled  &  that  upon  one  main,  had  lately  sent  upp 
to  the  membrs  of  the  Parliament  for  theire  County  to  pcure  them  a 
Comission  from  the  pliament  for  the  pbacon  of  Wills  &  graunting  of 
Adns  wthin  the  sd  County  unto  one  Jonas  Moore,  wherein  if  they 
should  pvaile  It  would  take  from  mee  two  parts  of  my  imployment 
and  pfitts.  Now  my  humble  suite  to  Yor  Honor  is  That  in  regard  my 
former  imployment  hath  beene  that  way,  and  for  that  I  have  an 
estate  of  freehold  therein  as  Yor  Lorp  may  pceive  by  the  inclosed 
beinge  true  copies  of  the  originalls  and  conceive  my  selfe  to  have 
done  the  pliament  as  much  service  in  my  poore  abilities  as  any  other 
of  my  familie  have  done  in  these  parts  I  may  not  be  piudiced  in  my 
right.  But  that  my  interest  may  be  the  authoritie  of  the  pliament  be 
continued  till  such  tyme  as  the  whole  frame  of  Government  concerning 
those  pceedings  be  altred  when  I  shaJl  not  doubt  but  by  Yor  Honour's 
good  assistance  I  shall  either  have  what  now  I  enioy  continued  or 
otherwise  be  pvided  for  in  some  reasonable  way.  I  have  noe  friend 
I  can  soe  much  depend  upon  as  Yor  Lpp   and  therefore  am   bould 


926 


The   Ejected   of   1662 


uppon  all  occasions  that  conceme  me  to  addresse  my  selfe  to  you.     I 
shall  crave  pdon  for  my  bouldnes  And  to  subscribe  my-  selfe 

Yor   Honour's  most   obliged    Servant 
Kendall,  13  April  1646  GER.  BENSON. 

I  shall  humble  crave  leave  to 
add  that  Jonas  Moore  nor  any 
other  pson  other  then   from  me 

have  any  title  or  right  to  Ffor  the  Right  Honble  Phillipp 

the  aforesaid  Deaneries  Lord   Wharton 

G.B. 

these 

[End  :]      13  Aprill   1646 

Coll.  Benson  to  niee  about  one  Jonas  Moore  gettihg  his  pt  of  Probate 

of  Wills.' 

In  coiijiinction  with  these  should  also  be  read  the  follow- 
ing from  the  State  Papers :  — 

By  the  Comittees  of  both  Kingdomes,  and  his  Excy  the  Earle  of 
Leven  Lo  :  Gen  of  the  Scottish  Army  now  in  the  service  of  the 
Parliamt  of  England. 

Att  Newcastle  21.  Aprill  1645  Upon  the  Delivery  of  a  Paper  this 
day  unto  us.  by  the  hands  of  Gervase  Benson,  Mayor  of  Kendall, 
Major  Thorn  :  Braithwaite,  Mr.  Sam.  Knipe,  Mr  Hen  Massie  Minister 
of  Kendall,  Geo  :  Cocke,  and  Tobias  Knipe,  conteyning  sundry 
grievajices ;  laid  downe  in  generall  as  grounds  and  Reasons  of  the 
late  tumultuous  Assembly  of  Sundry  Inhabitants  in  the  County  of 
Westmerland,  wch  were  delivered  in  charge  to  bee  presented  as 
abovesaid,  by  the  said  gentl  :  on  behalfeof  thepartyes  soe  Assembled; 
We  desired  perticulars,  might  bee  Condiscended  upon,  and 
Accordingly  some  were  presented,  and  it  was  alleadged,  upon 
Examinacon  more  would  bee  produced  by  the  Inhabitants  aforesaid, 
unto  wch  some  of  the  Scotch  Officers  then  present  retcrned  Answear 
(wch  was  delivered  to  the  Mayor  of  Kendall  and  the  rest  of  his 
Company)  setting  forth  that  never  any  Complaynt  of  Wrongs  or 
Injuryes  from  any  of  the  Country  men  came  to  their  knowledge, 
but  they  were  ready  to  redresse  it  wch  was  acknowledged  to  bee  true 
by  those  who  presented  the  foresaid  paper ;  All  wch  being  seriously 
taken  into  consideracon,  by  the  Comittees  of  both  Kingdomes  and  his 
Excy  the  Lo  :  Gen  Leven,  It  is  ordered  that  due  Examinacon,  shall 
bee  taken,  of  the  perticulars  named,  and  all  others  whatsoever  of 
that   kinde,   and  upon  sufficient  proof e   made   upon   the  place   where 


1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters,  104,  fol.  7. 


Kendal  927 

such  ffacts  have  beene  comitted,  the  partyes  found  guilty  of  any  of 
the  offences,  shall  be  ymediately  severely  punished,  according  to  Law 
and  Justice ;  And  to  the  end  the  Inhabitants  of  Westmerland,  may 
have  noe  coUourable  pretence,  to  keepe  in  a  Body  togither  as  now 
they  have  done  for  some  dayes  by-paat,  Wee  hereby  declare  that  noe 
Taxes  or  Cesses  shall  bee  layd  upon  them,  but  what  is  or  shall  bee 
appoynted  by  the  Parliamt  or  their  Comittees,  according  to  the 
power  given  them,  and  the  Ordinances  of  both  Houses  of  Parliamt 
And  if  upon  this  Assureance  from  Us,  They  shall  every  man  depart 
quietly  and  peaceably  home  to  their  owne  Howses,  None  of  the 
Scotish  Army  shall  molest  or  trouble  them  in  quartering  or  sending 
partyes  to  demand  any  thing   from  them. 

Signed    by    the   Warrant    and    in 
the  name  of  the  Comittees  of  both 
Kingdomes,     and     his     Excy     the 
Earle  of  Leven  by 
leven  Calander 

W.  Ermyne. 

21  Aprill  1645. 

Copie  of  The  Declaracon  from  the  Committees  of  both  Kingdomes 
and  the  Lord  Generall  to  the  people  in  Westmerland,  yt  were  risen 
up  in  Armes  there.  ^ 

Gentlemen 

The  Destempers  of  the  people  in  Westmerland  have  beene  so 
notorious  Wee  need  say  nothing  of  them.  But  those  in  Carlisle,  have 
by  sundry  papers  (some  of  wch  Wee  have  scene)  endeavoured  to 
stirre  up  the  Humors  of  the  Discontented  people  in  Westmerland,  and 
Wee  have  Considered  upon  their  grounds,  and  reasons  (as  they 
pretend)  of  the  Comotion  amongst  them  presented  unto  us  by  some 
of  the  Comittee  of  Westmerland,  Unto  wch  an  Answear  is  retorned, 
that  in  the  judgmt  of  all  rationall  men,  may  give  them  satesfaction  if 
they  bee  or  [our]  friends;  But  if  they  shall  not  bee  therewth  content 
Wee  doubt  not  both  of  you,  and  all  honest  men  will  joyne  with  us  to 
suppresse  such  intoUerable  Insolencyes ;  As  allso  that  you  will  consider 
amongst  yorselves,  what  you  are  able  to  doe,  for  the  raysing  and 
mainteyning  of  sufficient  fforces,  to  keepe  in  the  Garrison  att  Carlile 
(which  if  you  can  undertake  to  performe,  the  Scotish  Jlorse  may 
bee  Drawne  away  from  Carlile,  out  of  those  Countyes)  and  if  you  bee 
not  able  to  doe  it  yor  selves,  what  helpe  or  assistance  you  desire, 
eyther  of   Horse  or  ffoote   from  the   Scotish  Army   and  it  will   bee 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  i,  vol.  507. 


928  The   Ejected   of  1662 

4 

afforded  you,  provided  that  a  way  may  bee  laid  downe,  how  they 
shall  bee  mainteyned,  dureing  that  service,  Wee  desire  yor  perticular 
Answear  to  the  matter  cooiteyned  in  these  Lres^ 

Signed  in  the  name  and  by  the  warrt  of  the  Comittees  of  both 
Kingdomes   by 

Yor  very  loveing   friends 

Leven  Colander 

Newcastle  2Ist  W.  Armyne. 

Aprill  1645. 

To  our  worthy  friends  Coll.  Sr.  Wilfred  Lawson,  Coll.  The. 
Cholmeley,  Coll.  Ja.  Bellingham  Coll  :  Edward  Briggs,  and  the  rest 
of  the  Comittees  of   Cumberland  and  Westmerland. 

Vera  Copia  exd. 

Wm.  Kowe  Seer.  Com. 
These 
Ha«t€,  Haste. 

[End..]  Lre  from  ye  Ld  :  General  and  Comittees  of  both  Kingdomes 
to  ye  Collonells  and  Comittees  of  Ctunbland  and  Westmerland  about 
ye  Seeje  of  Carlile.^ 

Henry  Masy  must  have  considerably  modified  his  atti- 
tude toward  Cromwell  and  his  party  after  this  time,  for 
he  took  the  Engagement  on  Jan.  20,  1650.  Nothing 
further  is  heard  of  his  son,  who,  as  already  intimated, 
failed  to  secure  a  living  in  this  country  and  returned  to 
the  Barbadoes.  The  curtain  falls  also  upon  Henry  Masy, 
senior ;  but  he  died  probably  before  1653,  and  his  Funeral 
Sermon  was  preached  by  his  friend,  William  Cole.  The 
Editors  of  the  "  Memoir  of  Ambrose  Barnes  "  say:  — 

In  a  catalogue  of  the  most  vendible  Books  in  England  &c.  1657 
is  Mr.  Cole,  Newcastle ;  David's  destress  in  the  loss  of  Jonathan,  or 
an  explication  of  David's  mourning  at  the  death  of  Jonathan,  in  a 
sermon  upon  2  Sam.  1.  16.  at  the  funeral  of  Mr  Henry  Massey, 
Minister  of  the  Gospel  of  Jesus  Christ  at  Kirby  Kendell  in  West- 
moreland 12o.  2 

Unfortunately  the  Sermon  bears  no  date,  and  all  that  is 
known  about  it  is  that  it  was  published  between  the  years 
1650 — 1655.  The  name  of  Masy  does  not  appear  in  the 
"Annals  of  Kendal "  (Nicholson) ;  whilst  in  Nicolson  and 
Burn  the  Incumbent  list  is  very  defective. 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  i,  vol.  507. 

2.  Surtees  Society,  vol.  50,  p.  373. 


Kendal  929 

Thomas  Walker,  1653 — . 

His  approval  by  the  Cromwellian  Commissioners  is 
given  in  the  following  document :  — 

Newcastle  upon 

tme 

By  ye  Comrs.     March  31.  1653. 

Kendal.  Whereas  Mr.  Tho.  Walker  hath  addressed  himselfe  to  us 
desiring  to  be  approved  for  ye  work  of  ye  Ministry  and  upon  tryall 
&  exacon  of  his  guifts  before  us  by  divers  godly  and  able  Ministers 
according  to  ye  rule  of  ye  Act  of  Parlt.  is  found  fitt  to  preach  ye 
Gospell  of  Jesus  Christ  &  to  be  duely  qualified  &  guifted  for  yt  holy 
employmt.  &  hath  given  us  satis faccon  of  his  holy  life  &  Conversacon 
&  Conformity  to  ye  psent  Governmt.  These  are  therefore  by  vertue 
of  the  power  and  authority  to  us  given  by  ye  Parlt.  to  appoint  and 
constitute  ye  sayd  Mr.  Walker  Minister  of  Kendall  in  ye  County  of 
Westmoreland  &  he  is  hereby  appointed  and  Constituted  Minister  of 
Kendall  aforesaid  And  for  his  support  and  Maintennce  it  is  ordered 
yt  ye  tythes  of  Dribock  and  Crosbystones,  Morland,  Langhton  fflack- 
brigge  &  Murton  in  lease  from  ye  late  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Carlile 
be  setled  upon  the  sayd  Mr.  Walker  for  encrease  of  his  Maintennce 
and  yt  he  be  discharged  of  his  Tenthes  Soe  (much  as  in  us  lies)  and 
he  is  hereby  vested  in  ye  same  and  as  Lawfully  seised  thereof  to  all 
intents  and  purposes  as  if  he  had  been  instituted  and  inducted  accord- 
ing to  any  former  Course  of  Lawe. 

Roger  Bateman  Tho.  Lamplugh  Hen.  Horsley  Hen.  Ogle  Tho. 
Craister  Tho.  Cholmley  Lu.  Rillingworth  Jo.  Ogle  Jo.  Archer  Tho. 
Langhorne  Cuth.  Studholme  Edward  Winter. 

Entered 

Anth  Parsons.^ 

In  the  John  Gilpin  Tract,^  bearing  date  July  4,  1653, 
Walker  appears  as  "  J.  Walker  Pastor  of  Kendale  " ;  but 
that  is  a  mistake  for  "  T.  Walker," 

The  following  documents  carry  Walker's  ministry  to 
within  sight  of  1656:  — 

Kendall 

The  Comrs  appointed  approve  of  Mr.  Tho.  Walker  of  Kendall  in 
Com.  Westmerland  &c  Dated  at  Whitehall  ye  28th  day  of  Sept. 
Anno  1654. 

Jo.  Nye.  Regr.3 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),   1006. 

2.  Vide  p.  128. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  968. 


930  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Kendall    April  24.   1655. 

Applicax:on  being  made  to  these  Trustees  for  continuing  an  Aug- 
mentacon  to  Mr.  Thomas  Walker  Ministr  of  Kendale  in  ye  County  of 
Westmland  Setled  upon  him  by  the  Comrs  for  propagation  of  the 
Gospell  in  the  fower  Northeme  Counties  It  is  ordered  that  upon  the 
said  Mr.  Walker  his  making  the  pnt  Value  of  the  said  Living  &  the 
value  of  the  Augmentacon  by  him  claymed  appeare  The  Trustees  will 
take  his  desires  into   further  Consideration. 

Jo.  Pocock  Ed  Hopkins  Jo.  Humfrey  Ed.  Cressett  Ri.  Sydenham.  1 

Kendall.  August  6.   1655. 

Whereas  ye  Comrs  for  ppagating  ye  Gospell  in  ye  fower  Northenne 
Counties  of  Northumberland,  Cumberland,  Westmorland  &  Durham 
by  their  ordr  of  ye  31st  of  March  1653  have  setled  Mr.  Tho.  Walker 
Minr  of  Kendall  in  ye  County  of  Cumberland  &  for  his  Support  and 
Mamtennce  ordered  him  ye  Tithes  of  Drybeck  of  ye  value  of  one 
poimd  eleaven  shillinges  &  eight  pence  ye  tithes  of  Newbystones  of 
ye  value  of  five  poundes  six  shillinges  &  eight  pence  ye  tithes  of 
Morland  of  ye  value  of  five  poundes  six  shillinges  &  eight  pence  & 
ye  tithes  of  Langton  fHackbrigge  &  Murton  of  ye  value  of  Five 
poundes  Thirteen  shillinges  &  fower  pence  All  within  ye  County  of 
Westmorland  aforesaid  It  is  ordered  yt  ye  rents  &  pfits  of  ye  said 
severall  simies  yearely  be  from  time  to  time  Continued  &  paid  vmto 
ye  said  Mr.  Tho.  Walker  approved  according  to  ye  Ordinance  for 
appbacon  of  publique  preachers  for  such  time  as  he  shall  Continue 
Minister  of  ye  said  place  or  till  further  ordr  of  ye  said  Trustees  Ye 
said  to  be  accompted  from  his  last  receipt  And  Mr.  Edmund  Branth- 
waite  Receivr  is  hereby  appointed  &  authorized  to  pay  ye  same  unto 
him  from  time  to  time  Accordingly. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Edw.  Cressett  Jo.  Pocock  Ri  Sydenham  Ri.  Yong.* 

Kendall  Oct.  18.   1655. 

The  Comrs  for  ppagating  ye  Gospell  in  ye  fower  Northeme  Counties 
having  by  their  ordr  of  ye  21st  of  March  1653  Graunted  unto  Mr. 
Tho.  Walker  Minr  of  Kendall  in  ye  County  of  Westmorland  ye  Tithes 
of  Drybeck  in  ye  said  County  menconed  by  ye  said  ordr  to  bee  of 
ye  value  of  one  pound  eleaven  shill.  &  eight  pence  wch  tithes  being 
out  of  lease  are  allowed  to  be  of  ye  value  of  vili  xiiis  &  iiijd  It  is 
therefore  ordrd  yt  ye  sume  of  51i  js  &  viijd  to  make  up  ye  said  formr 
Sume  of  jli  xjs  &  viijd.  vjli  xiijs  &  iiijd  be  allowed  &  paid  from 
time  to  time  out  of  ye  tithes  of  Drybeck  aforesaid  to  &  for  a  farther 
increase  of  ye  said  Mr.  Walker  his  Maintennce  to  be  Accoed  from  the 
last  receipt  &  yt  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recr.  doe  pay  ye  same 
unto  him  from  time  to  time  Accordingly  till  further  Ordr  of  ye  said 
Trustees. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Ri.  Yong  Jo.  Pocock  Ri.  Sydenham  Jo.  Humfrey.  3 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1008.         2.  Ibid.,  972.         3.  Ibid. 


Kendal  93 1 

Kendall.  Octo.  18.  1655. 

In  pursuance  of  an  ordr  of  ye  Comrs  for  propagacon  of  ye  Gospell 
in  ye  fower  Northerne  Counties  of  ye  21  of  March  1653  It  is  ordered 
yt  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Receiver  doe  from  time  to  time  Continue 
&  pay  unto  Mr.  Thomas  Walker  Minister  of  Kendall  in  ye  County  of 
Westmerland  (approved  according  to  ye  Ordinance  for  Approbacon  of 
publique  preachers)  ye  yearly  sume  of  nine  poundes  fewer  Shillinges 
&  Six  pence  out  of  ye  Tenthes  arising  v^ithin  the  County  aforesaid  to 
bee  accounted  from  his  last  receipt  &  to  bee  continued  to  ye  said  Mr. 
Walker  from  time  to  time  for  such  time  as  hee  shall  discharge  ye  duty 
of  ye  Minister  of  the  said  place  or  untill  further  ordr  of  the  said 
Trustees. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Ri  Yong  Jo  pococke  Ri  Sydenham  Jo  Humfrey  Ed 
Cressett.  l 

Kendall  March  19.   1657. 

Ordered  that  ye  peticon  of  Thomas  Walker  late  minister  of  Kendall 
in  the  County  of  Westmland  a  copy  whereof  is  hereto  annexed  bee 
referred  to  John  Archer  esq  Justice  of  peace  in  the  said  County  and 
to  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recr  of  the  said  County  to  examine 
matter  of  fact  and  that  the  said  Mr.  Branthwaite  doe  thereupon  paie 
unto  him  such  arreares  claimed  by  the  Peticonr  as  shall  appeare  to  be 
payable  unto  him  from  these  Trustees  or  in  default  thereof  to  certifie 
the  whole  matter  of  fact  to  these  Trustees. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Ra.  Hall  John  Humfrey  Ri  Sydenham  Jo.  Pocock.- 

From  the  last  document  it  appears  that  Walker  had  left 
before  1657/8,  and  the  reading  suggests  that  the  removal 
was  somewhat  recent.  We  shall  not  be  far  wrong  if  we 
assume  it  to  have  been  in  1657.  Possibly  this  is  the 
person  of  that  name  who  appears  as  Incumbent  of  Wake- 
field March  19,  1657.^  Walker's  name  does  not  appear  in 
any  previously  printed  list.  Brand  gives  William  Cole 
as  a  Minister  of  Kendal  thus  :  — 

March  25th  1652-3  Mr.  William  Cole,  on  the  death  of  Woolfal 
[Newcastle].  He  was  minister  of  Kirby  Kendal  in  Westmoreland, 
Salary  1501i  per  annum.  4 

This  statement  is  quoted  by  Mr.  J.  F.  Curwen  in  his  paper 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  971. 

2.  Ibid.,  995. 

3.  Ihid. 

4.  Hist,  of  Newcastle,  vol.  i,  p.  118. 


L 


932  The    Ejected   of   1662 

on  Kendal  Yicars;^  and  other  writers  are  accustomed  to 
include  William  Cole  in  their  list.  It  is,  however,  quite 
a  mistake.  Probably  Kirkby  Kendal  should  be  Kirkby 
Lonsdale ;  the  use  of  "  Kirkby "  as  a  prefix  to  Kendal 
having  frequently  led  to  confusion  between  the  two  places. 
The  mistake,  however,  has  a  deeper  cause  still.  About 
this  time  the  Quaker  movement  had  laid  hold  upon  the 
County;  Kendal,  indeed,  was  a  sort  of  storm  centre. 
William  Cole  was  one  of  its  most  vigorous  opponents ;  and 
during  his  residence  at  Kirkby  Lonsdale  he  appears  to 
have  been  a  frequent  visitor  at  Kendal.  There,  as  well 
as  at  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  he  came  much  into  contact  with 
the  Quakers ;  and  the  account  which  he  gives  of  matters 
is  certainly  so  phrased  as  to  suggest  that  he  was  resident 
in  Kendal  at  the  time.  A  closer  examination  of  the 
documents,  however,  shows  that  such  an  inference  is  not 
necessary.  As  the  matter  is  one  of  considerable  interest, 
the  documents  in  question  are  here  briefly  summarised, 
in  so  far  as  they  relate  directly  to  it.  The  first  pamphlet 
bears  the  following  title  :  — 

The  Perfect  Pharisee, 

under  Monkish  Holines  &c.  Opposing  The 

Fundamental  Principles  of  the  Doctrine 

of  the  Gospel,  and  Scripture  Practises  of 

Gospel- Worship  manifesting  himself  in 

the  Generation  of  men  called  QUAKERS 
Or 

A  preservative  against  the  Grose   Blasphemies 

and  horrid  delusions  of  those,  who  under 

pretence  of  perfection,  and  an  immediate  call 

from  God,  make  it  their  business  to 

revile  and  disturb  the  mmisters  of  the 

Gospel. 

Published  for  the  establishing  of  the  people 

of  God  in  the  Faith  once  delivered  to 

the  Saints,  by  Thomas  Weld,  Rich  :  Prideaux, 

Sam  :   Hammond,  Will :  Cole,  Wil  :  Durant 

Ministers  in  Newcastle,  London,  Printed 

for  Richard  Tomlins,  at  the  Sun  and 

Bible  Near  Pie-Corner  1654. 
[The  figure  4  in  the  date  is  crossed  out,  and  3  is  inserted  as  well  as 
"Jan  :  14."     A  copy  is  in  the  Brit.  Mus.] 

1.   Trans.  C.  W.  (O.S.),  vol.  16,  p.  157 


I 


Kendal  933 

In  this  pamphlet  mention  is  made  of  a  meeting  with 
James  Nayler,  one  of  the  leading  Quaker  preachers,  when 
Will.  Baldwinson  of  Underbarrow  asked  him  "  whether 
he  believed  that  any  could  be  as  holy,  just  and  good  as 
God  himself." 

Position  assumed  : — That  the  soul  is  a  part  of  the  Divine  Essence. 

One  of  us  W.C.  had  this  positively  asserted  by  Col  Benson  and 
Captain  Ward,  at  Kendale  and  descoursed  the  coaitroversie  with 
them. 

With  reference  to  the  Light  within  : — 

The  said  Nayler  in  discourse  with  one  of  us  (W.C.)  at  Kendale, 
affirmed — '  That  every  man  in  the  world  had  a  light  within  them 
sufficient  to  guide  them  to  Salvation  &c.' 

William  Strickland  walking  up  the  Streets  in  Kendale  naked,  except 
that  he  had  a  shirt  on,  published  the  said  principle  [no  need  for 
teachings  of  men]  one  of  us  (W.C.)  both  heard  it,  and  saw  him  in  that 
immodest  garb. 

Position  assumed  : — No  mediate  call  to  the  ministry. 

This  was  asserted  by  Thomas  Willan  of  Kendale  in  the  publick 
Congregation  there,  on  a  Lecture  day,  in  the  hearing  of  one  of  us, 
.     W.C. 

Some  of  them  came  to  Kendale  Church,  about  a  year  agone  and 
pretended  they  had  a  Comission  to  pull  down  the  Steeple. 

Another  Thomas  Castley,  came  in  the  time  of  the  preaching  of  one 
of  us  (W.C.)  to  the  Congregation  at  Kendale  &  had  he  said  his 
Commission  from  God  to  pull  down  the  Hour  Glasse.  And  the  same 
man  came  a  long  mile  with  no  other  message  from  God  (as  he  pre- 
tended) but  this  to  tell  of  one  of  us.  Thou  art  an  high  Priest;  which 
words  having  spoken,  he  went  his  way.  Another  time  (W.C.)  he 
came  with  a  message  from  God  (as  he  pretended)  to  the  house  of  the 
abovesaid  one  of  us,  at  which  time  I  was  not  at  home  :  yet  confidently 
affirmed  to  my  wife  that  God  had  sent  him,  and  that  I  was  at  home. 
Again  also,  the  same  man  came  with  the  like  Message  to  my  house, 
and  said,  that  God  had  sent  him  to  me,  and  that  I  was  at  home,  but 
it  being  denied,  he  was  by  the  Schoolmaster,  Mr.  Turner  taken  over 
to  his  house,  where  (by  providence  being  presently  come  home)  I 
went  to  him  and  asked  him,  what  message  he  had  from  God  to  me  ? 
Whereat  he  denied  that  he  had  any  Message  to  me  from  God  at  all. 
Mr.  Richard  Stookes,  Minister  at  Grayrigg,  told  one  (W.C.)  of  us 
that  discoursing  with  Fox  at  a  meeting  appointed,  concerning  his 
immediate  Call ;  the  said  Fox  affirmed  He  was  called  by  a  voice  from 
Heaven  to  Grayrigg ;  and  at  his  affirming  the  same  the  simple  deluded 
soules  that  were  there  with  him  affirmed  they  knew  it  to  be  true  :  he 
asked  them  whether  they  saw  any  vision,  or  heard  any  voice  ?  They 
answered  No,  but  all  the  account  they  give  of  it  was — That  whereas 
he   was  walking  towaxds   Forthbanke   suddenly   he  faced  about   and 


934  The   Ejected   of  1662 

said  he  was  commanded  to  go  to  Grayiigg.  One  of  these  people,  whem 
they  were  lately  at  Newcastle  told  a  Merchant  there  Mr.  H.  T.  having 
on  his  black  Clothes,  that  he  was  a  deceiver  &c  but  being  told  he  was 

no  Minister,  he  shuffled  pittifuUy,  as  seeing  how his  mistake  was 

laid. 

When  they  came  to  newcastle,  and  were  with  us  before  the 
Majistrates,  they  delivered  not  their  message  there;  and  they  might 
have  had  liberty  with  freedom  to  come  to  any  of  our  Houses  nay 
some  of  them  were  invited  thither  by  some  of  us  (W.C.). 

But  would  you  lastly  see  thier  folly  in  pretending  to  an  immediate 
light,  take  the  following  story  :  George  Fox  meeting  with  one  Mr. 
Nichols  in  Carlile,  told  him  that  he  was  an  Hypocrite  &c  he  replying 
asked  him  if  he  knew  his  heart  ?  he  said  he  did.  He  asked  him 
again  and  Fox  affirmed  again  he  did.  He  asked  him,  if  he  knew  his 
name.  Fox  answered  I  know  by  thy  questions  thou  art  an  Hypocrite, 
shuffling  so  lamentably  to  evade  his  question.  To  whom  Mr.  Nichols 
aoiswered  dost  thou  know  my  heart  and  not  my  name  ?  And  so  shaked 
him  off  as  a  most  notorious  impostor. 

Referring  to  their  fruits  we  have  the  following :  — 

Such  as  George  Fox  his  cursing  of  Mr.  Fetherston  :  Miles  Halhead 
his  cursing  of  Mr  Walker  minister  of  Kendale  very  lately  in  the 
presence  of  Mr.  Archer  and  Mr.  Cook,  Christopher  Atkinson  (a  proud 
leader  of  his  people  and  a  prophetical  impostor)  for  a  good  while 
together,  his  very  immodest  familiarity  with  (to  say  no  more)  a  woman 
of  his  way  in  the  sight  of  a  godly  Minister  at  Kendale  Mr  Walker. 
The  wife  of  Edmond  Adlington  of  Kendale  going  naked  Novemb  21. 
1653  through  Kendale  streets  &c. 

Throughout  this  pamphlet  William  Cole  is  prominent. 
S.H.  appears  in  the  margin  once;  and  reference  is  made 
to  the  book  of  Francis  Higginson  of  Kirkby  Stephen,  in 
such  a  way  as  to  suggest  that  it  was  regarded  as  an 
authority  in  relation  to  these  matters, 

James  Nayler  replied  to  this  pamphlet  in  the  following, 
a  copy  of  which  also  is  in  the  British  Museum :  — 
An  Answer  to  the  Booke  called 
The  Perfect  Pharisee  &c. 
Published  for  no  other  end  but 
to  cleare  the  truth  from  the  Slanders 
of  these  men,  who  thereby  goe  about 
to  deceive  the  simple  and  keep  them 
off  from  obedience  to  the  truth 

&c. 
By  one  whom  the  world  calls 

James  Nayler. 
May  09.  1654  [This  is  in  ink]. 


Kendal  935 

In  the  Epistle  to  the  reader  reference  is  made  to  what  "was 
lately  set  forth  by  five  of  the  chiefe  Priests  of  the  Xorth, 
residing  at  Newcastle,  who  are  all  Strangers  to  that  sort 
of  people  called  Quakers,  except  one  &c."  It  is  signed 
"A. P."  James  Xayler  denies  having  had  "  private  dis- 
course "  with  William  Baldwinson  but  throws  no  further 
light  upon  that  matter. 

Christopher    Atkinson    denying    the    charge    of    undue 
•  familiarity  with  a  woman  says  :  — 

I  challenge  thee  [W.C.]  and  companie,  to  prove  what  you  have 
spoken  against  me  and  not  onely  so,  but  against  all  the  Church  of 
God,  who  doth  suffer  by  you  who  live  in  pride  Dives-like.  And  as 
for  thee  W.C.  thou  art  knowne  to  be  of  that  generation  which  put  the 
saints  to  death ;  but  the  Lord  shall  pleade  with  thee,  and  give  thee 
thy  portion  m  utter  darknesse  for  ever.  As  for  Wallas  your  Witnesse 
herein  whom  yee  call  a  godly  Minister,  he  said  in  the  hearing  of  many 
people  That  it  was  no  murther  in  him  to  murther  Christopher  Atkin- 
son and  the  rest  of  the  Prisoners  at  Kendall  being  neere  twenty ;  now 
how  this  man's  testimony  may  be  trusted,  or  that  he  would  keepe  any 
thing  backe  that  might  adde  to  the  slander,  any  honest  man  may 
judge  for  the  murtherer  and  the  lyar  are  one  and  he  that  makes  no 
conscience  of  the  one  makes  none  of  the  other. 
This  led  to  the  following  rejoinder  from  the  Ministers  in 
question  :  — 

A  Further  Discovery  of  that  Generation  of  men  called  Quakers  : 
By  way  of  Reply  to  an  Answer  of  James  Nayler  to 
the  Perfect  Pharisee,  Wherein  is  more  fully  layd 
open  their  Blasphemies  notorious  Equivocations,  Lyings 
Wrestings  of  the  Scripture,  Raylings,  and  other  detestable 
Principles  and  Practices. 

And  the  Booke  called  The  Perfect  Pharisee  is  Convincingly 
cleared  from  James  Nayler's  false  Aspersions  :  with  many 
difficult  Scriptures  (by  him  wrested)  opened. 
Published  for  the  building  up  of  the  perseverance 
of  the  Saints,  till  they  come  to  the  end  of  their 
Faith,  even  the  Salvation  of  their  Soules. 
[Texts  Mat.  16.  18  :  Rev.  2.  23.] 
Gateside,  Printed  by  S.B.  1654. 
A  copy  of  this  pamphlet  is  in  the  Pylands  Library;  but 
there  is  none  in  the  British  Museum.     The  Epistle  to  the 
reader  is  signed  by :  — 

Tho:   Weld  Will:    Cole 

Rich  :    Prideaux        Will :    Durant. 
Sam :   Hammond 


936  The   Ejected   of   1662 

The  pamphlet  says  that :  — 

Three  of  these  five  have  had  cause  to  know  many  more  of  them  as 
M.  Taylour,  John  Audland,  Stubbs,  Holmes,  Atkinson,  Hodgson, 
Ayry,  &c  and  others  from  whom  we  suffered  disturbance  in  our 
publique  Ministry. 

George  Fox  is  charged  in  it  with  saying: — "That  he 
that  sanctifieth  and  they  that  are  sanctified  are  one,  and 
are  equal."  Asked  "  whether  he  was  eqnall  with 
God?  he  answered  thus — I  am  equall  with  God."  In" 
reference  to  this  we  have  testimony  supplied  by  William 
Marshall  and  Michael  Altham  Jan.  19,  1653.  Then  we 
get  the  following  letter  in  reference  to  Nayler  :  — 
Sir  January  14.   1653. 

You  writ  to  me  to  certifie  you  of  some  words  that  I  heard  from 
James  Nayler  and  Richard  Farnsworth  as  they  call  themselves  amongst 
us  I  myselfe  went  to  George  Bateman  his  house  in  Underbarrow, 
called  the  Crag  and  there  was  a  great  deale  of  people  come  into  the 
house ;  one  Nayler  and  Farnsworth  sitting  beyond  a  Table  upon  a 
Bench ;  and  there  Nayler  speaking  and  teaching  Perfection,  and  to  be 
attain'd  in  this  life  :  and  to  be  without  sin ;  this  teaching  so  did  trouble 
me,  as  being  contrary  to  the  Word  of  God,  that  I  stood  up  before 
the  Table  and  spoke  these  words  Friends  doe  you  hold  that  a  man 
may  attaine  to  that  height  of  perfection  in  this  life  to  be  as  perfect, 
as  pure  as  holy  and  just  as  God  himselfe  ?  And  they  joyntly  replyed 
Yea  and  they  were  So.  And  one  in  the  house  spake  and  said  My 
question  was  not  to  the  purpose ;  And  I  answered  and  said,  But  was 
because  I  knew  no  such  thinge  by  my  selfe.  And  after  these  words, 
they  began  to  teach,  that  every  man  had  a  light  within  him,  if 
hearkened  to  would  teach  guide  and  save  him  :  And  I  replyed  againe 
and  said,  how  is  it  that  our  Saviour  Christ  sayes  There  is  no  man 
■comes  to  me  except  my  father  which  sent  me  draw  him ;  before  God 
and  Christ  draw  where  is  my  light  ?  And  to  this  they  spake  not  one 
word ;  So  I  went  home  from  amongst  them,  But  the  day  of  the 
Moneth,  nor  the  Moneth  I  set  not  downe  I  not  fearing  the  danger  of 
this  Heresie.  All  these  words  were  spoken  in  the  Same  house  in  the 
night  time. 

Will.  Baldwinson. 
We  doe  testifie  this  to  be  Will 
Baldwmson's  owne  testimony 
Tho  :  Walker.  John  Wallace. 

John  Myriel. 

There  is  a  reference  in  the  same  pamphlet  to  Thomas 
Holme   of    Kendal    going    naked   through   the    streets   of 


Kendal  937 

Kirkby  Stephen,  on  Monday,  Oct.  28,  1653,  the  informa- 
tion being  supplied  by  Francis  Higginson  "under  bis  owne 
Tiand";  also  to  Tbomas  Castley  Jan.  13,  1653,  "shame- 
lessly naked  "  going  through  the  streets  of  Kendal ;  and 
to  Edmund  ]S^ubyes  wife  "  with  a  shift  on,"  similarly 
"  about  the  end  of  December  last." 

Another  of  this  Sect  came  in  the  same  posture  into  Hutton  Chapel 
at  the  time  of  exercise  about  the  beginning  of  January.  Elizabeth 
Levens,  and  Miles  Newby  went  up  the  Streets  at  Kendale  in  the  same 
posture.  This  we  have  attested  from  Mr.  Walker  a  Godly  Minister  at 
Kendale  under  his  hand,  by  Letters  bearing  date  January  31.   1653. 

Elsewhere  :  — 

If  James  Nayler  will  aske  M.  Taylor,  if  he  were  not  invited  by 
W.C.  to  his  house,  when  he  was  at  that  time  at  Newcastle,  and  did 
not  come;  he  will  see  the  debauchednesse  of  his  Conscience;  for  W.C. 
doth  beleeve  M.  Tayler  hath  so  much  honesty  left,  as  not  to  deny  it. 

The  next  exception  is  against  our  objecting  Perfection  (Phar.  p. 
48).  Christopher  Atkinson  his  immodest  familiarity  with  a  woman  of 
that  way  &c  where  Atkinson  Challengeth  the  proofe  of  it.  We  shall 
onely  say,  that  that  immodest  familiarity  (if  he  will  need  force  us 
from  our  modest  covering  of  that  carriage  to  speak  out)  it  was  his 
familiar  Kissing  of  her  as  we  are  fully  informed  by  testimony  of  Mr. 
Walker  and  Mr.  Wallas,  and  we  cannot  but  account  it  as  a  sinful! 
behaviour.  But  to  weaken  the  Strength  of  this  testimony  Atkinscin 
tells  the  Eeader  that  Mr.  Wallace  said,  It  was  no  murther  in  him  to 
murther  Christopher  Atkinson,  and  the  rest  of  the  prisoners  at 
Kendale. 

Truely  we  are  afraid  this  whole  generation  of  men  are  in  a  con- 
federacy of  lying ;  We  have  purposely  sent  to  finde  out  the  truth  of 
this  foule  Challenge  and  shall  give  his  Clearinge  of  himself  Word  for 
word  as  we  received  it  :  "  Having  received  a  Paper  from  the  Qua^-^r-' 
that  were  prisoners  Containing  horrible  blasphemies  viz.  That  they 
were  the  Searchers  of  hearts  and  saying  Let  them  be  accursed  from 
God  for  ever  that  will  have  Christ  have  any  other  Body  but  his 
Church.  I  spoke  these  words  and  no  more,  in  the  hearing  of  many 
viz  (That  I  thought  it  was  no  murder  in  the  civill  Majistrate  to  put 
such  blasphemers  as  they  were  to  death,  it  being  according  to  the  Law 
of  God)  But  that  I  ever  said  It  was  no  Murder  in  me  to  murder 
■them  or  put  them  to  death,  I  declare  it  to  be  a  Manifest  lye. 

Kendale  Jan.  14.   1653.  John  Wallace. 

We  whose  names  are  subscribed  did  heare  when  Mr.  Wallace 
spoke  these  words  above  written  namely  these  which  are  inclosed 
within  the  parenthesis,  but  no  more. 

Thomas  Berket.  Miles  Harrison." 


938  The    Ejected   of  1662 

James  Nayler  replied  to  this  in  a  further  pamphlet  as 
follows  :  — 

A  Discovery  of 

The  man  of  Sin 

Acting  in  A  Mystery  of 

Iniquitie  Pleading  for  his 

Kingdom,   against  the    coming  of 

Christ  to  take  away  Sin 
or 

An  Answer  to  a  Book 

set  forth  By 
Tho  :  Weld  of  Gateshead  and   William 

Richard  Prideaux  Durant 

Sam  Hammond  of 

Will.   Cole  Newcastle. 

By  way  of  Reply  to  an  Answer 

of  James  Nayler's  to  their  former 

Book  called 

The  Perfect  Pharisee 

Who  call  themselves  Ministers  of  Christ 

but  are  found  Ministering  for  the 

Kingdom  of  Antichrist 

Published  for  clearing  the  innocency 

of  the  Truth  from  their  Malicious 

Slanders,  and  descovering  their 

Deceits. 

By  one  whom  the  world  calls 

James  Nayler  June  3  [date  in  ink]. 

London  printed  for  Giles  Calvert  at 

the  black  Spread  Eagle  neer 

the  West  end  of  Pauls  1654. 

In  this  pamphlet  there  is  a  reference  to  Henry  Holme,  i 
evidently  a  Minister,  along  with  John  Jacques  of  Bolton, 
also  Sanderson  of  "  Peerce-bridge,"  William  More  "priest  j 
of  Kellet' ' ;  and  another  slight  one  to  Wallace  in  connec- 
tion with  the  Atkinson  slander.  In  the  case  of  Nicola-' 
also,  it  is  stated  that  George  Fox  never  saw  his  face. 
Nothing  else  relating  to  the  matter  before  us  appears  in  it. 

One  or  two  points  need  to  be  noted  here.     In  the  first' 
place  it  is  quite  clear  that  during  the  time  in  question 
William  Cole  was  in  intimate  association  with  Kendal, 
frequently  visited  and  often  preached  there.     Ambiguous, 


Kendal  939 

however,  as  the  language  is  it  is  contended  that  he  was 
never  more  than  a  visitor.  It  should  be  noted  that  while 
Thomas  Walker  is  repeatedly  called  Minister  at  Kendal, 
William  Cole  never  is.  It  will  be  remembered  that  there 
were  Lectureships  both  at  Kendal  and  Kirkby  Lonsdale; 
and  this  fact  will  help  to  explain  the  frequency  with 
which  William  Cole  appears  in  Kendal  as  preacher.  It 
is,  indeed,  distinctly  stated  several  times  that  he  was 
preaching  the  Lecture.  Then  the  Schoolmaster  Turner, 
referred  to  on  page  9-33,  and  who  was  clearly  resident  in 
the  same  place  as  William  Cole,  was  not  Schoolmaster  at 
Kendal.  That  position  was  filled  by  John  Myriell  (vide 
p.  961).  Still  further  there  is  no  opening  for  William 
Cole  in  the  list  of  Kendal  Vicars.  Henry  Masy  appears 
to  have  held  the  living  until,  at  least,  1651  or  1652,  and 
Thomas  Walker  certainly  comes  upon  the  scene  not  later 
than  1652-3.  Yet  again  William  Cole's  own  movements 
permit  of  no  Kendal  ministry.  He  certainly  was  at 
Kirkby  Lonsdale  until  1650,  and  he  appears  at  Xewcastle 
in  1663-4.  These  dates  are  the  known  ones;  and  the 
probability  is  that  they  may  be  extended  a  little  on  either 
side  so  as  to  show  that  Walker  immediately  succeeded 
Masy  at  Kendal,  and  that  Cole  remained  at  Kirkby  Lons- 
dale until  his  removal  to  Newcastle.  Lastly  the  Quaker 
movement  in  Westmorland  was  scarcely  anterior  to  1652, 
which  brings  us  to  the  date  of  Walker's  ministry  in 
Kendal.  From  what  has  been  said  it  is  easy  to  see  how 
the  mistake  has  occurred.  The  first  impression  created 
[by  the  reading  of  the  pamphlets  undoubtedly  is  that 
William  Cole  during  these  years  was  at  Kendal ;  but  when 
the  known  facts  are  carefully  linked  together  and 
scrutinized  this  will  be  found  to  be  all  but  impossible. 

John  Strickland,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1656. 

This  name  is  inserted  on  the  authority  of  Ts^icholson.^ 
Unfortunately  he  furnishes  no  evidence  for  it.  He  is, 
however,  usually  followed  by  writers  on  Kendal  Church 
history. 

1.  Annals  of  Kendal,  p.  60. 


940  The   Ejected    of  1662 

John  Strickland  was  a  native  of  Westmorland,  probably" 
of  Kendal.  He  matriculated  Queen's  College,  Oxford,. 
May  15,  1618,  aged  17;  graduated  B.A.  Dec.  9,  1622; 
M.A.  June  25,  1625;  B.D.  May  12,  1632.  His  first  pre- 
ferment was  a  Chaplaincy  to  the  Earl  of  Hertford,  and 
in  1632  he  became  Rector  of  Pudymore  Milton,  Somerset,  i 
He  was  appointed  to  the  Church  of  St.  Peter-the-Poor, 
London,  on  Oct.  27,  1643,  and  to  Lancaster  in  1647.  In 
reference  to  the  latter  there  appears  to  be  some  confusion 
as  it  is  stated  that  he  was  instituted  on  Xov.  12,  1647,  Dr. 
Wildbore  having  been  ejected  by  law;  but  on  the  24th  of 
December  following  the  voidance  is  attributed  to  death. 
The  f  olloAving  are  the  documents  relating  to  it :  — 

12  Nov.  1647.  Ordered  That  Dr.  Heath  give  Institution  and  Induc- 
tion unto  John  Strickland,  Clerk.  Bachelor  in  Divinity  to  the  vicarage 
of  Lancaster  in  Com.  Lancasheir,  void  by  the  Ejection  of  Dr.  Wildbore- 
by  Law,  late  Incumbent  there ;  Tobias  Samuell  and  William  Knipe 
gentlemen  Patrons  :  This  with  a  Salvo  jure  cujuscunque.  2 

24  Dec.  1647.  Ordered  &c  That  Doctor  Heath  give  Institution  and 
Induction  unto  John  Strickland  Bachelor  of  Divinity  into  the 
vicarage  of  Lancaster  in  the  County  Palatine  of  Lancaster,  void  by 
Death ;  salvo  jure  cujuscunque  Geo.   Tokison  Patron.  3 

To  add  to  the  difficulty  the  Commons  Journal  (vol.  iii, 
p.  270)  informs  us  that  Nehemiah  Barnet  succeeded  the 
sequestered  Dr.  Wildbore  in  1643 ;  and  the  Lords'  Journal 
(vol.  V,  p.  38)  says  of  his  appointment  there,  Feb.  26, 
1646-47,  that  the  voidance  was  due  to  the  "  death  of 
Jeoffrey  King."  Barnet  held  the  living  only  a  short 
time.  4 

John  Strickland  appears  as  Minister  of  St.  Edmund's,. 
Sarum,  Wilts.,  in  1649,  and  it  was  from  this  place  that 
he  was  ejected  by  the  Act  of  Uniformity.  Wood  says 
that  he  was  "  always  puritanically  affected,  sided  with 
the  rebellious  party  in  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  War, 
took  the  Covenant,   was   made   one   of  the  Assembly  of 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  L.J.,  vol.  ix,  p.  522. 

3.  Ibid.,  p.  612. 

4.  Baines  gives  neither  King  nor  Strickland  in  his  list  of  Lancaster 
Vicars  (Hist,  of  Lane,  vol.  v,  p.  472,  Croston's  Ed.). 


Kendal  94 1 

Divines,  preached  frequently  before  the  Long-  Parliament 
exciting  the  members  theieof  to  proceed  in  their  blessed 
cause."  He  was  one  of  the  Commissioners  for  the  County 
of  Wilts  for  dealing  with  Scandalous  Ministers ;  and 
"Wood  informs  us  that  "  he  took  upon  him  great  authority 
in  his  Apostleship,  especially  if  he  had  to  do  with  the 
loyal  and  suffering  Clergy."  He  further  tells  us  that 
"  he  prayed  several  times  blasphemously  " ;  in  relation  to 
which  Calamy  says  :  — "  He  might  as  well  have  said  he 
us'd  to  come  into  his  Pulpit  naked  and  without  a  E-ag  of 
Cloaths  on.  For  one  is  not  more  ridiculous  to  those  that 
knew  the  Man,  than  the  other.  He  was  eminent  for 
Expounding  the  Scripture  and  an  Excellent  Casuist.'' 
Some  of  the  sermons  which  he  preached  before  the  House 
of  Commons  were  published,  and  in  one  the  dedicatory 
Epistle  urges  the  House  "  to  have  a  care  how  they  plant 
the  towns  in  Cumberland  and  Xorthumberland  Avith  able 
preachers."  Wood,  who  makes  no  attempt  to  conceal  his 
animus  against  men  of  Strickland's  type,  says  that  he 
was  "  esteemed  by  the  factious  party  "  as  "  Prceco  fidelis- 
simus,"  that  after  his  ejection  "  keeping  Conventicles  in, 
and  near  Salisbury  was  several  times  as  I  have  been 
informed  imprisoned."  Calamy,  on  the  other  hand,  gives 
him  an  excellent  character  and  says: — "He  died  on  a 
Lord's  Day  Evening,  after  he  had  preach'd  twice;  from 
2  Peter  1.  11  and  administer'd  the  Lord's  Supper.  Find- 
ing himself  out  of  Order,  he  spoke  of  it  to  those  about  him, 
and  sate  down  in  a  Chair  and  died.  His  Name  is  remem- 
ber'd  with  great  Respect  to  this  Day  at  Sarum  where  he 
lies  buried  in  St.  Edmund's  Church-yard."  ^  Pie  was 
buried  October  25,  1670.  It  will  be  noticed  that  neither 
Wood  nor  Calamy  refers  to  Strickland's  ministry  at 
Lancaster  or  Kendal;  and  there  is  clearly  something- 
still  to  be  explained.  The  Lancaster  ministry  was 
evidently  very  brief;  for  Dr.  Marshall  was  there  before 
1650,  but  it  does  not  clash  with  any  other  of  Strickland's 
appointments.     It  is,  however,  otherwise  in  reference  to 

1.  Vide  Wood's  Ath.,   vol.   ii,   p.    342;    Calamy,   vol.   ii,  p.  755,   and 
vol.  iii,  p.  865 ;  Foster's  Al.  Ox. 


942  The   Ejected   of  1662 

a  suggested  Kendal  ministry,  there  appears  to  be  no  open- 
ing whatever  for  him.  The  interval  between  Walker  and 
Brownsword  was  only  about  twelve  months;  but  a  greater 
difl&culty  is  found  in  his  own  appointments.  Unless  he 
was  a  Pluralist  of  a  very  pronounced  type,  which  is  most 
unlikely,  we  are  driven  to  the  theory  of  two  Ministers  of 
that  name,  if  there  was  a  John  Strickland  at  Kendal  at 
all :  for  Calamy's  John  Strickland  was  at  St.  Edmund's 
from,  at  least,  1649  to  1662.  That,  however,  a  person  of 
this  name  had  large  interests  in  Kendal  is  certain ;  and 
appearances  point  to  his  identification  with  the  John 
Strickland  whose  life  has  been  brieiiy  sketched.  Can  it 
be  that  the  fact  of  his  being  a  native  of  the  place  has  led 
to  the  suggestion  of  his  being  Minister  there?  I  am 
inclined  to  think  so.  At  any  rate  until  better  evidence 
is  forthcoming  the  strongest  possible  doubt  persists  in 
reference  to  a  Kendal  ministry  for  John  Strickland,  how- 
ever brief  it  may  be  made.  In  connection  with  the 
General  Westmorland  Sessions  held  at  Kendal,  July  18th, 
1662,  we  have  the  following ;  and  this  document  helps  to 
establish  his  relationship  with  Kendal:  — 

Whereas  Complt  hath  beene  made  by  John  Strickland  Gierke  yt 
his  Estate  wthin  Strikland  Kettle  hath  beene  Auntiently  accustomed 
to  pay  all  Assessmts  as  Customary  Lawes  yet  notwithstanding  it  is 
chargd  wth  30s  in  ye  booke  of  rates  therefore  search  in  ye  rolls  hath 
beene  made  and  in  regard  the  said  Tenemt  is  found  to  be  charged 
wth  30s  in  ye  roll  wch  p'ticularly  in  ye  yeare  1635  was  pd  therefore 
it  is  ordd  that  the  Towne  shall  stand  charged  as  formrly  wth  30s 
and  to  be  assessed  as  demesne  Lands  accordinge  to  the  booke  of  rates-' 

The  Masy  Letters  also  witness  to  his  interest  in  the 
place.  2. 

William  Brovs^nsword,  M.A.,  1658/9—1672.3 

In  many  respects  he  is  the  most  remarkable  and  inter- 

1.  Indictment  Book,  Kendal  Town  Hall. 

2.  Vide  p.  918. 

3.  Calaray  and  Palmer  give  "  John  Wallis  "  as  an  Ejected  Minister  who 
preached  some  time  in  Kendal  Church.  This,  however,  is  an  error  as 
will  appear  when  we  come  to  deal  with  Heversham  and  Grasmere 
(vide  pp.  976,  1061). 


Kendal  943 

esting  character  in  the  series.  On  Nov.  24,  1645,  he  was 
admitted  as  a  Pensioner  to  Jesus  College,  Cambridge,  1 
became  B.A.  in  1645-6  and  M.A.  in  1649.  He  signed 
"  The  Harmonious  Consent "  in  1648,  as  Minister  of 
"Duglas  Chappell  scytuated  at  the  furthest  pte  of  the 
said  towneshippe  and  parishe  of  Eccleston"  in  Lancashire ; 
"  The  Agreement  of  the  People  "  in  1649 ;  and  in  1650  he 
is  described  as  "a  godlie  painfull  Minister,"  who  "supplies 
the  Cure,"  but  who  "  did  not  observe  the  thirteenth  day 
of  this  instant  month,  appointed  by  Act  of  Parliamt  to 
be  kept  as  a  day  of  humiliacon  and  had  notice  of  it  by 
the  Constable."  -  From  Douglas  it  would  appear  that  he 
removed  to  Preston,  where  he  witnesses  a  marriage  as 
"  William  Browusword,  Clearke  Feb.  25th,  1654-5 :  "  and 
again  on  June  29th,  1658,  ^  his  signature  being  in  big  bold 
letters.  His  removal  to  Preston  according  to  the  follow- 
ing must  have  been  before  June  1654 :  — 

Order     15  Jiinij  1654. 
The  like  [Augmentation]  ordr  for  Mr.  Wm.  Brownsword  of  Preston 
in  the  County  of  Lanr  upcin  an  ordr  of  ye  Comrs  for  approbacon  of 
Publique  preachers  dated  12  Junij  54.  directed  to  Lanr.4 

His  book,  however,  on  the  "  Romish  Church  not  the  True 
Church  "  was  printed  in  that  year  when  he  was  still  at 
Douglas  Chapel. 

It  has  to  be  admitted  that  it  has  been  found  impossible 
to  definitely  fix  William  Brownsword's  position  in  Preston. 
That  he  held  the  Lectureship  is  clear  from  the  following : 

Wm.  Brownsword,  Clearke  formerly  Lecturer  in  this  Towne,  now 
Minister  att  Kendall,  admitted  a  free  Burgess  &c.  Gratis.  Swome  ye 
28th  of  Febr.  1658.  5 

I  do  not,  however,  think  that  that  fully  represents  his 
position.  Isaac  Ambrose  had  removed  to  Garstang  about 
1655,  though  he  does  not  seem  to  have  actually  resigned 
the  Preston  living  until  1657,  and  Brownsword  fills  in 
the  vacant  time,  though  the  evidence  of  actual  Presenta- 

1.  Dr.  Worthington's  Diary,  C.  S.  (O.S.),  vol.  xiii,  p.  23. 

2.  Commonwealth  Church  Survey  (Record  Soc,  vol.  i),  p.  116. 

3.  Preston  Parish  Registers. 

4.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  G.  22  (Record  Office). 

5.  The  White  Book  of  Preston,  MS.  in  Town  Hall. 


944  The   Ejected    of  1662 

tion  is  not  forthcoming.  We  gather  from  the  following- 
statements  of  Henry  Newcome,^  with  whom  he  appears  to 
have  been  on  terms  of  intimacy,  that  he  held  the  living 
at  Hoole  in  1658  being  still  resident  in  Preston. 

May  1658. 

'  Afterwards  when  Hoole  fell  void,  by  Mr.  Brownsword  his  going 
to  Kendal,  the  patroness  a  good  gentlewoman,  to  the  end  the  place 
might  be  provided  for  well  and  fitly,  devolved  the  care  of  the  business 
upon  Mr.  Angier,  Mr.  Gee,  and  Mr.  Tilsley.- 

Oct.  17.  1658  (Lord's  day)  Mr.  Brownsword  then  living  in  Preston, 
riding  to  Hoole  (where  he  was  Minister)  his  wife  behind  him,  the 
water  being  out,  they  were  both  in,  and  his  wife  torn  from  him  amd 
drowned,  and  never  found  (as  I  could  hear  of)  to  be  buried. 3 

The  Preston  Historians  generally  ignore  William 
Brownsword.  After  a  careful  review  of  the  whole  matter 
I  should  not  include  him  in  the  list  of  Preston  Yicars 
without  a  query;  but  no  account  of  the  Preston  Parish 
Church  can  be  complete  which  does  not  give  to  him  very 
considerable  prominence.  During  the  time  of  his  resi- 
dence in  the  town  he  filled  a  large  place  in  its  life,  and  no 
other  Vicar  seems  to  have  been  resident  there.  His 
admission  also  as  a  Free  Burgess,  after  his  removal,  shows 
the  estimation  in  which  he  was  held;  whilst  on  Aug.  7, 
1656,  he  was  added  to  the  Commissioners  for  Ejecting 
Scandalous  Ministers    and    Schoolmasters.  •* 

In  Feb.  1658-9,  on  a  Presentation  from  Trinity  College, 
Cambridge,  he  became  Vicar  of  Kendal.  The  following 
relate  to  this  matter,  as  also  to  his  stipend  :  — 

Kendall.  ff.  28.  1658. 

Know  all  men  by  these  pnts  that  ye  16th  day  of  ffebruary  in  ye 
yeare  1658  there  was  exhibited  to  the  Comrs.  for  approbacon  of 
publique  preachers  a  psntacon  of  Wm  Brownsword  Gierke  Master  of 
Arts  to  ye  Vicarage  of  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmland  made  to- 
him   by    ye    Master    ffellowes   and   Schollers    of    Trinity   CoUedge    in 

1.  John  Brownsword  appears  among  the  Parishioners  of  Manchester 
who  elected  Henry  Newcome  as  Minister  Dec.  5,  1656  (Newcome's: 
Autobiog.,   p.    353). 

2.  Ibid.,  p.  91.     C.  S.  (O.S.),  vol.  36. 

3.  Ihid.,  p.  98. 

4.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  I.  77,  pp.  322—323. 


Kendal  945 


Cambridge  the  patrons  thereof  Together  &c.    Dated  att  Whitehall  ye 
16th  day  cf  ffebruary  1658. 

Jo.  Nye  Regr.^ 
Kendall  V.  in 
Ye  County  of 
Westmland. 

William  Brownsword  Clerke  Mr.  of  Arts.  Admitted  the  16th  day 
of  ffebruary  1658  to  ye  V.  of  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmland 
Upon  a  pres.  exhibited  the  same  day  from  the  Master  flellowes  and 
schoUers  of  Trinity  Colledge  in  Cambridge  ye  patrons.  And  Certificates 
from  Ric.  Heyricke  Hen.  Newcome  James  Hyet  Tho.  Johnson  Edw. 
Gee  Guil.  Cole  Paul  Lathom  John  Tilsly  Hen.  Welsh  Ri.  Standish. 
Jo  Clesse.- 
Kendall. 

D.  13.  March  7.  1659. 

Whereas  ye  p'sent  maintennce  belonging  to  ye  Ministr.  of  ye  pish 
Church  of  Kendall  in  ye  County  of  Westmland  doth  not  exceede  ye- 
yearely  value  of  Threescore  poundes  and  ye  said  place  is  a  market 
towne  large  &  popular  &  the  late  Comrs.  for  ppagating  ye  gospell  in 
ye  4  Xortherne  Counties  have  by  their  ordr  ye  21  of  and  31  of  March 
1653  Graunted  ye  yearely  sume  of  nine  and  twenty  poundes  foure 
shillinges  and  sixpence  to  and  for  increase  of  ye  maintennce  of  ye- 
Ministr.  of  Kendall  aforesaid  in  pursuance  of  ye  said  ordrs  of  an  ordr 
of  ye  Committee  for  plundred  Ministrs.  in  that  behalfe  It  is  ordered 
that  ye  said  xxixli  foure  shillinges  six  pence  a  yeare  be  continued' 
to  &  for  increase  of  ye  maintennce  of  such  godly  painfull  Preachers, 
of  ye  Gospell  as  shall  be  from  time  to  time  setled  Ministrs  of  ye  said 
parish  Church  &  duely  approved  of  as  by  authority  of  Parliamt.  is 
directed  and  that  ye  same  be  paid  to  Mr.  William  Brownsword  psent 
Ministr.  there  of  whose  godly  conversacon  ability  &c  fitnes  for  ye  said 
place  these  Trustees  have  received  good  testimony  To  hold  from  ye 
25th  day  of  March  1659  for  such  time  as  he  shall  continue  faithfully  to 
discharge  the  duty  of  ye  Ministr.  of  ye  said  place  or  further  ordr. 
And  that  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recr.  doe  pay  ye  same  unto  ye 
said  Mr.  Brownsword  according  to  ye  Schedule  of  ye  pticulars- 
following  vizt.  vili  xiijs  iiijd  a  yeare  of  ye  rents  and  profitts  of  ye 
tithes  of  Dribeck  ye  further  yearely  sume  of  vli  vis  viijd  out  of  ye 
rents  and  profitts  of  the  tithes  of  Morland  ye  like  yearely  sume  of 
vli  vis  viijd  out  of  ye  rents  and  profitts  of  ye  tithes  of  Newbystones 
the  further  yearely  sume  of  ijli  xiijs  iiijd  out  of  ye  rents  and  profitts 
of  ye  tithes  of  Langton  Murton  and  fflagbrig  &  ye  further  yearely 
sume  of  ixli  iijs  vid  out  of  ye  vicarage  tenthes  of  Kendall  aforesaid  All 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  968. 

2.  Ihid.,  999. 


946  The   Ejected   of  1662 

in  ye  County  of  Westmrland  and  amounting  in  all  to  ye  said  yearely 
sume  of  Nine  and  twenty  poundes  foure  shillinges  and  sixpence. 
Jo.  Thorowgood  Geo.  Cowper  Jo.  Pocock  Wm.  Skynner  Ri.  Yong.' 

It  is  clear  from  what  has  already  been  said  that 
William  Brownsword  was  not  very  pliant  in  relation  to 
everything  that  pertained  to  the  Cromwellian  regime. 
That  he  was  not  anti-Royalist  is  evident  from  the  Tract 
which  he  issued  in  1660:  — 

England's  Grounds  of  Joy  in  His  Majesty's  Return  to  his  Throne 
and   People. 

and  also  from  the  following  which  is  extracted  from  the 
Begisters  :  — 

1660  paid  to  the  Ringers  upon  the  day  King  Charles  was  proclaimed 
King  upon  the  Thanksgiving  day  fcUowing.  * 

Precisely,  however,  his  attitude  towards  the  new  state  of 
things  which  the  Restoration  ushered  in  is  not  certain. 
He  was  not  ejected;  but  his  fate  would  seem  to  have  hung 
in  the  balance  for  a  while;  and  it  would  appear  that  he 
was  not  quick  to  bend  his  neck  to  the  new  conditions. 
Eventually,  however,  he  fully  conformed,  and  to  doubly 
secure  his  position  he  received  a  second  Institution  Oct.  20 
1662.  ^  He  complains,  however,  about  the  expense  of  the 
latter,  which  he  alleges  to  have  been  forced  upon  him. 
Writing,  on  Oct:  12th,  1663,  to  Williamson,  Sir  Philip 
Musgrave  commends  to  "  Mr.  Secretary's  perusal  the 
letter  of  Mr.  Brownsword  who  has  now  fully  conformed 
and  written  in  defence  of  the  Act  of  Uniformity,  and 
against  the  Covenant."  The  following  are  the  documents 
in  question  :  — 

Sir. 

Oct.  12.  [1663]. 
Though  the  business  of  the  enclosed  may  seem  not  to  be  in  the  roade 
of  Mr.  Secretary  Benits  ordinary  imployment,  yet  as  it  may  in  a 
Spetial  maner  concerne  His  Mats  Service,  I  presume  the  knowledge  of 
.  it  will  not  be  ill  recented  by  Him  I  desire  you  therefore  that  in  my 
name  You  will  request  His  pusal  of  the  letter.  Mr.  Brownsword  was 
in  his  iudgement  differing  in  some  perticulers  from  us  in  ye  Church 

1.  Lambeth  MS.  (Plund.  Min.),  987. 
2.    Institution  Books. 


Kendal  947 

Gouerment  but  did  most  seasonably  conforme  and  hath  giuen  extra- 
ordinary testimony  of  the  Senserity  of  it,  as  I  did  informe  you  at  my 
being  at  London  pticulerly  of  his  Writing  in  defence  of  the  Act  for 
uniformity  and  the  unlawfulnes  of  the  Covenant.  His  preaching  and 
Conversation  is  of  excellent  use  to  the  Confutation  of  the  Separatists. 
of  wch  sort  there  are  very  many  about  Kendal,  it  was  Docter  Burrels 
persuasion  &  his  willingnes  to  complie  in  any  thing  that  was  thought 
fit  hath  brought  this  needles  charge  upon  him.  If  Mr.  Secretary  wil 
please  by  word  or  message  to  Baron  Hales  in  Mr.  Secretaries  or  His^ 
Mais  name  to  intimate  that  He  is  worthy  of  a  perticular  favour  I  wil 
engage  He  wil  fully  recompense  it  in  His  Service  to  the  King  & 
Church  We  shall  have  an  exceeding  loss  if  He  go  from  that  place, 
descouragements  ought  not  to  be  given  to  deserveing  men  of  his 
profession,  my  dewty  to  the  King  &  Church  wil  I  hope  excuse  Me 
that  I  give  Mr.  Secretary  this  trouble  &  you  wil  both  perdon  & 
promote  the  desire  of 

Yor  humble  Servant 
Philip  Musgrave. 
Octob.  12.  63. 

Sr.    Philip   Musgrave 
Mr.   Brownsword 
ffor  Joseph  Williamson  Esqr. 

Keeper  of  his  Mats  Papers  of  State 

at   Whitehall   London. 
Sir. 

I  doubt  not  of  your  pardon,  whilst  by  yr  encouragement  I  have 
from  your  many  expressions  of  respect  I  take  the  boldnes  to  beg  your 
assistance  in  delivering  mee  out  of  some  trouble  into  wch  my  owine 
Credulity  (to  say  no  more)  hath  brought  mee,  1  acquainted  you  at 
Appleby  how  by  the  persuasion  of  Dr.  Burrell ;  and  his  assurance  yt 
it  should  bee  no  preiudice  to  my  former  title  to  my  Vicarage  wch  I 
had  in  ye  yeare  1658,  but  a  ratification  of  it,  nor  at  all  subject  mee  to 
the  paiment  of  first  fruites  (my  feare  whereof  I  then  objected  to 
him)  I  was  induced  to  take  institution  de  novo  from  him,  Nevertheless 
after  his  departure  hee  certified  into  the  first  fruit  office  that  I  was 
instituted  to  a  Vacant  living,  whereupon  there  have  come  downe  two 
attachments  against  mee  out  of  the  Exchequer,  I  have  endeavoured  by 
a  solicitor  to  free  my  selfe  in  the  flirst  fruit  but  am  hopeless  of 
freedom  unles  by  ye  Baron  of  the  Exchequer  before  whom  it  will  bee 
heard  this  next  tearme.  Sr  the  burden  is  so  great  my  first  fruits 
being  92li  and  my  4  subsidies  66li  &  my  vicaridge  at  its  utmost 
valuation  but  701i  p.  annu,  that  if  I  cannot  bee  exempted  from  these 
first  fruits,  I  must  bee  forced  for  Maintaining  myselfe  &  family  to 
relinquish  my  living  wch  I  am  very  unwilling  to  doe  upon  ye  account 
of  that  love  I  have  to  my  people,  &  the  pventing  that  odour  wch  is 
cast  upon  men  of  our  coat  upon  their  removing.     Sr  I  humbly  entreat 


94^  The    Ejected   of  1662 

you  (if  your  interest  in  my  Lord  Chief e  Baron  Hales  bee  such  as  may 
induce  you  to  solicit  him  for  mee)  that  you  would  please  to  give  mee 
your  letter  to  him,  to  desire  what  reasonable  and  lawful!  favour  hee 
can  do  for  mee  My  friend  Mr.  Becke  with  the  rest  of  our  Aldermen 
can  assure  you  (if  I  did  not  know  that  you  were  fully  satesfyed  of  it) 
that  I  have  beene  in  peaceable  possession  of  my  vicaridge  since   1658 
being  then  presented  to  it  by  Trinity  Colledge  in  Cambridge,  and  it 
seemes  hard  that  after  five  yeares  possession  &  his  Majtes  Gratious 
Act  of  Oblivion  wherein  all  first  fruits  Compounded  or  not  compounded 
for  are  freely  &  gratiously  pardoned  I  should  Compound  for  my  living 
as  if  I  were  newly  and  since  that  Act  possessed  of  it.     Sr  I  beg  your 
pardon  for  this  tediousness,  assuring  you  that  it  shall  bee  my  constant 
•endeavour  according  to  my  poore  ability  to  approve  my  selfe. 
Your  Worship 
Very   humble    & 
thankfuU  Servant 
Wm.    Brownsword. 
Kendall 

Octob.  5.  1663. 

ffor  the  right  worshipf uU  &  my  truely  hon'ed  ffriend  Sr  Philip 
Musgrave  Baronet  at  his  house  Edenhall  Cumberland — These 
wth  my  Service.^ 

The  Kendal  Indictment  Book  has  the  following  but 
whether  it  refers  to  the  Minister  or  his  son  is  not  certain  : 

Easter    Sessions    1667. 
Brownsword. 

Ordered  that  the  office  of  Petty  Coaistable  within  the  Constable wicke 
of  Skelsmergh  shall  passe  over  Mr.  William  Brownsword  and  the  next 
in  turn  to  serve. 

William  Brownsword  was  a  violent  writer  against  the 
Quakers,'^  and  they  regarded  him  as  their  great  foe. 
"  The  Quaker-Jesuite :  or  Popery  in  Quakerisme "  was 
from  his  pen,  being  issued  in  1660.  This  was  answered 
by  John  Story  of  Westmorland  in  the  same  year,  the  title 
>of   his   pamphlet  being :  — 

Babilon's  Defence  Broken  down,  and  one  of  Antichrist's  Warriour's 
Defeated  :  In  an  Answer  to  a  scandalous  Pamphlet,  Intituled,  The 
Quaker- Jesuit.:  or  Po'ptry  in  Quakerisme  :  Put  forth  by  one  William 
Brovmsword,  who  calls  himself  Minister  of  the  Gospel  at  Kendal-  In 
which  the  Doctrines  of  the  Quakers  (so  called)  are  more  truly  stated 
than  he  hath  stated  them,  &c.   &c.       By  John  Stoery.     Pp.  40. 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  vol.  81,  No.  71. 
2.    Fishwick's  Lane.  Library,  p.  358. 


Kendal  949 

The  full  title  of  Brownsword's  earlier  book  is  as  follows  : 
Rome's  Conviction 
or 
A    Descoverie 
Of  the  unsoundness  of  the  Main  Grounds  of  Home's  Religion,  in  an 
Answer  to  a  Book  Called  The  Right  Religion,  evinced  by  L.  B. 
Shewing 

1  That  the  Romish  Church  is  not  the  true  and  onely  Catholick 
Church,  infallible  ground  and  rule  of  Faith. 

2  That  the  Main  Doctrines  of  the  Romish  Church  are  damnable 
errors  &  therefore  to  be  deserted  by  such  as  would  be  saved. 

By   William  Browxsvvord,    M.A.,    and    Minister   of  the  Gospel   at 
Douglas  Chappel  in  Lancashire. 

London,  Printed  by  J.  M.  for  Luke  Fawn,  at  the  sign  of  the 
Parrat  in  Paul's  Churchyard  1654. 

The  "  Epistle  to  the  Christian  Reader  "  is  by  Richard 
Hollinworth  and  Edward  Gee.  A  copy  of  this  rare  work, 
small  octavo,  383  pp.,  is  in  the  Bodleian.  He  refers  in  it 
to  "  the  Perfect  Pharisee  "  ^  by  way  of  proving  that  the 
religion  of  Quakers  is  "  a  mixture  of  Popery  with  other 
errors." 

Somehow  also  the  Quakers  had  influence  sufficient  to 
give  him  considerable  trouble.  The  following  will  make 
this  clear :  — 

February  13.  1671-2  W.  Brownsword,  vicar  of  Kendal  to  D.F. 
[Daniel  Fleming]  Enclosing  a  copy  of  an  Inhibition  procured  by  the 
Quakers,  Robert  Barrow  John  Stell  Milo  Bateman,  Milo  Huberstie 
and  Margaret  Howgill  of  Kirby  Kendall.  A  suit  had  been  brought 
against  them  by  W.  Brownsword  for  nonpayment  of  tithes  and  a 
decree  of  excommunication  obtained.  They  have  appealed  and 
obtained  the  Inhibition  and  a  Citation  to  W.  Brownsword  to  appear 
at  York.  The  Vicar  is  anxious  to  have  the  Inhibition  declared  void, 
and  begs  for  the  assistance  and  advice  of  D.F.  2 

Daniel  Fleming's  reply  three  days  afterwards  is  couched 
in  the  following  terms  :  — 

Agrees  with  him  that  the  Inhibition  ought  not  to  have  been  granted 
to  those  who  refuse  subscription  and  to  conform.  This  kind  of 
proceeding  will  in  time  destroy  the  authority  of  Sir  Joseph  [Cradock's] 
Court  at  Richmond,   and   prejudice   that   of  the  Bishop   of   Chester. 

1.  Vide  p.  932. 
2.    H.  M.  C.  12th  Report,  Appendix  VII.,  p.  88. 


950  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Advises  him  to  write  to  the  Bishop  of  Chester  amd  his  Chancellor, 
Sir  Joseph  Cradock,  and  to  obtain  letters  from  friends  to  the 
Archbishop  of  York.  Excuses  himself  from  joining  in  the  latter  on 
the  ground  that  he  has  lately  been  engaged  against  the  Archbishop 
a  Commission  about  Rose  Castle,  i 

Tlie  date  of  William  Brownsword's  death  is  not  forth- 
coming, but  probably  it  was  in  1672  f  and,  as  that  is  the 
period  in  which  the  blank  occurs  in  the  Registers,  they  do 
not  help  us.     His  wife's  burial  is  noted  thus  :  — 

June  25th  1689  Jane  wife  of  Mr.  Wm.  Brownsword  late  vicar  of 
Kendal. 

It  is  recorded  that  the  freedom  of  the  borough  was  con- 
ferred upon  him  in  1662.  A  son,  John,  Yicar  of  Aughton, 
near  Ormskirk,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William 
Bell,  the  Puritan  Vicar  of  Huyton,  near  Liverpool. 
Probably  it  was  another  son,  William,  who  was  Mayor  of 
Kendal  in  1695,  and  who  was  kept  occupied  during  the 
years  1695  and  1696  in  "  quieting  Kendal  rioters."  In 
reference  to  this  matter  it  is  worth  while  to  turn  aside  for 
a  moment,  in  order  to  avail  ourselves  of  the  considerable 
light  which  the  Kendal  Indictment  Book  offers. 

Early  in  1696,  an  attempt  was  made  by  Jacobites  and 
Roman  Catholics  to  assassinate  William  for  the  purpose 
of  restoring  James  to  the  throne,  and  re-establishing  the 
Roman  Catholic  faith  in  the  country.  The  plot  was 
betrayed  and  so  came  to  nothing;  but  the  matter  excited 
great  indignation  throughout  the  country,  and  the  Lords 
and  Commons  bound  themselves  into  an  Association  to 
defend  William  and  his  Government,  In  the  two  Coun- 
ties with  which  we  are  concerned  feeling  ran  high. 
Henry  Fleming,  Rector  of  Asby  in  Westmorland,  writing 
to  his  father.  Sir  Daniel  Fleming,  under  date  March  30, 
1696,  says :  — 

My  brother  James  writes  that  a  relation  of  ours,  though  we  have 
not  seen  him,  was  last  week  committed  as  concerned  in  the  plot  to 
Reading  gaol  under  the  name  of  Birkett,  a  Kendalian,  which  he  deoiies 

1.  H.M.C.,  Twelfth  Report,  &c.,  p.  88. 

2.  Vide  an  interesting  Article  on  "  Brownsword  and  the  Kendal 
Quakers"  in  Trans.  (N.S.),  vol.  v,  p.  106. 


Kendal  951 

but  says  his  name  is  William  Herbert  Collingwood.     The  Corporation 
of  Appleby  has  signed  the  Association  verbatim.^ 

It  is  this  that  is  reflected  in  the  troubles  at  Kendal  at  this 
time.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book  gives  an  account  of 
the  formation  of  the  Association  and  supplies  the  signa- 
tures which  are  exceedingly  interesting :  — 

Midsummer  1696. 
The  Association. 
Whereas  there  has  been  A  horrid  &  detestable  Conspiracy  formed 
and  Carryed  on  by  Papists  and  other  Traterous  persons  for 
Assassinating  his  Majesties  Eoyall  pson  in  order  to  incurrage  aai 
Invation  from  ffrance  to  subvert  our  Religious  Lawes  and  Liberty. 
Wee  whose  names  are  hereunto  Subscribed  Doe  heartily  Sincearly 
and  Solemnly  pfes  [profess]  testifie  and  declare  that  his  psent  Majesty 
King  William  is  Rightfull  and  lawfull  King  of  these  Realmes  and 
wee  doe  Mutually  pmis  [promise]  and  engage  to  stand  by  &  assist 
each  other  to  the  utmost  of  our  power  in  the  Support  and  defence  of 
his  Majesties  Most  Sacred  person  &  Government  against  the  late  King 
James,  and  all  his  adherents  And  in  case  his  Majestie  come  to  any 
violent  or  Untimely  death  (which  God  forbid)  Wee  doe  hereby 
further  freely  &  unanimously  oblige  our  Selves  to  Unite  Associate  and 
Stand  by  each  other  in  Revengeing  the  same  upooi  his  Enimies  & 
their  adherents  and  in  Supporting  &  defending  the  Succession  of  the 
Crowne  according  to  an  Act  made  in  the  ifirst  year  of  the  Raigne  of 
King  William  &  Queen  Mary  entituled  an  Act  declaring  the  Rights  & 
libertyes  of  the  Subject  &  Settling  the  Succession  of  the  Crowne. 

A  Register  of  the  names  and  Simames  of  all  such  persons 
as  have  Subscribed  the  Association  aforesaid  at  the  Quarter 
Sessions  of  the  peace  aforesaid  according  to  A  late  Act  of 
Parliament  intituled  An  Act  for  the  better  Security  of  his 
Maties  Royall  pson  &  Govemmt. 

William  Berkhead  Edward  Nicholson 

John  Jefferson  Curate  of  Old  Hutton. 

Schoolmr  of  Kendall  John  ffirbank 

Joseph  Heath   Gangr  Schoolmaster  of  K.  Loaisdale. 

Anthony  Saul  Benjamin  Johnson 

Joseph  Ward  Richard   Baynes 

Willm  Jackson  Viccr  Charles  Saul 

de  Beathom  Sam  :  Green 

Wm.   Slater  Curate  Robt  Heblethwaite 

of  Killington  Robert  Cooke 

John  Proctr  Curate  John  Barker 

of  Middleton  Robert  Philipson 

I.  H.  M.  S.  Twelfth  Report,  Appendix  Pt.  vii,  p.  342. 
1 


952 


The   Ejected   of  1662 


George  Dixon 

Geo.  ffarmer  vicr  de 

Hevrsham 
Tho.  Barbon  vicr  de 

Burton 
Wm  Harryson  Curte 

de  Staveley 
Ephrm  Sandford 
William  Wilson  Rectr 

de  Windermeer 
Tho.  Murgatroyde  Viccr 

de  Kendall 
Nicholas  Atkinson 
Tho.  Browne  Gaolr 
John  Jackson 
Thomas  Holme 
James  Backhouse 
John  Lambe 
Tho.  Berkett 
Tho.  Watson 
John  Ion 

DAN.  FLEMING 

Edw.  Wilson 
William  Fleming 
John  Hall,  Sub  vie 
John  Wright 
Daniel  ffleming 
Allan  Chambre 
Edw.  Wilkinson 
Edw.  Tonge 
Richard  Trotter 
John  Brougham 

This  is  followed  by  the 
July  IT,  1696,  at  which  the 

William  Johnson 
William  Huddart 
Wm  Ealand 
Wilhn  Smith 
John  Coulston 
John  Raisbeck 
Tho.  Robinson 
John  Lowson 
Philip  Machell 
Hugh  Atkinson 


Georg.  Bowes 
John  Briggs  vicr 

ELirkby  Lonsdale 
Tho.  Knott  minister  of 

Ambleside 
Chresto  Harling 
Ralph  Burden 
Steph  Slajng 
Tho.  Daniel 
Miles  Wright 
Tho.  Lyon 
Willm  Clarke 
Ralph  Willson 
Level  Thompson 
Tho  Kenington 
Edw.  Whinfeild 
John  Walker 
Charles  Strickland 
John  Atkinson 
John  Thompson 
JefEery  Beck 

Jos.  Lambert 
Richard  Berkett 
Thos  Heblethwaite 
Wm.  Brownsword 
Joseph  Simpson 
William  Curwen 
Stephen  Berkett. 

Then  adjourned 
to  Appleby  till  the 
17th  of  July  instant. 

General  Sessions  at  Appleby 
following  signed :  — 

Edward  Addyson 

Thomas  Lamb 

Ric.  Baynes 

John  Machell 

John  Mounsey 

Robert  Machell 

George  Dent 

Henry  Sanderson 

Thomas  Milner 

Edward  Wilson 


Kendal 


953 


John  Thwaites  Tho.  Browne 

Tho.  Robinson  Lonsdale 

John  Atkinson  Richard  Lowther 

John  Hooker  Rich.  Brathwaite 

James  Robinson  Edw.  Musgrave 

Curte  de  Hugill  Ja.  Bird 

Leo.  Smith  William  Kirkby 

John  Smith  Hugh  Machell 

John  Coniston  William  Atkinson 

Richard  Deane  Benjamin  Atkinson 

Adam  Bowes  Thomas  Harryson. 

Then  adjourned  to  Appleby  till  the  18th  &  soe  till  the  25th 
of  July  instant. 


Appleby  July  25  1696 


Then  adjourned  to 
Appleby  till 
the  last  day  of 
July  instant. 


John  Nevinson 
John  Robinson 
William  Wilkinson 

Viccr  de  Crosby  Ravensworth 
Mathew  Rudd  Scoolemr 

de  Russeaidall 
Tho  Knott 
Gerard  Stalker 
Richard  Hind. 


Appleby  last  day  of  July 


Tho.  Carleton 

Chresto  Pettyt 

George  Braidly 

Richard  Crackenthorp 

John  Jackson 

John  Nicholson 
Then  adjourned 
to  Appleby 
till  the 
ffirst  day  of 
August 
next  Appleby  Aug  1st  1696 


Henry  Fleming  Rect 

de  Ashby  &  Grasmr 
Roger  Kenion 

Viccr 

de  Orton 
William  Atkinson 

Viccr  de  Morland 


Thomas  Jackson  Scholae 
Bamptoniensis  Ludimagister 
Synion  Battersby 
George  Berkett 
Thomas  Gale 


Rowland  Burrow 

Rectr  de  Brougham 
&  Clifton 

Richard  Holme 

Rectr  de  Lowther 

Thomas  Knott 

Viccar  de  Bamptooi 

Lancelot  Sisson 

Curate  de  Thrimby. 

There  are  a  few  names  added  to  this  list  a  little  later. 


954  The    Ejected   of  1662 

"  Brownsword  House,"  lately  the  Pack  Horse  Inn, 
opposite  to  Black  Hall,  is  a  memorial  of  the  Brownsword 
family.  In  the  Preston  Guild  Roll  of  1662  appear  the 
following  names  :  — 

Brownesword  Gulielmus  Cler.  Jur. 
Brownesword  Johes  filius  ejus.     [Jur.  Nov.   3.  1681.] 
Brownesword  Nathaniel  frater  ejus  [Jur.  Decemb.  20.   1681.] 
Brownesword  Rogerus  frater  ejus. 

In  the  Guild  of  1682  we  have  the  following :  — 

Brownsword  Johes  de  Aughton  Cl'icus  Jur. 
Brownsword  Nathaniel  frater  ejus. 
Brownsword  Rogerus  frater  ejus. 
Brownsword  Will'us  frater  ejus.^ 

The  Kendal  Registers  give  the  burial  of  "  Mr.  Roger 
Brownsword  of  Stricklandgate  "  on  June  14,  1687 ;  and  of 
William,  son  of  "  Mr.  Will.  Brownsword  of  Strickland- 
gate  "  on  Xov.  11,  1687. 

Michael  Staxfoed,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1674—1683. 

Foster  says  that  he  was  Fellow  of  Christ's  College, 
Cambridge,  B.A.  1657-8;  M.A.  1661;  and  incorporated 
Oxford  12  July,  1664. ^  He  was  ordained  Priest  by 
"  Tho.  Ardfert  et  Aghadoensis  Epm  "  Feb.  13,  1659,  and 
instituted  to  Bolton  Aug.  10, 1671  ;^  but  he  held  the  living 
only  a  short  time.  Nicholson  gives  1672  as  the  year  of 
his  Institution  to  Kendal,  but  the  Institution  Books  have 
March  26,  1674,  and  state  that  he  was  collated  by  the 
Bishop  "  p.  lapsum ;  "  and  this  is  the  year  in  which  he 
compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  as  such.  He  was 
inducted  April  1,  1674,  by  Thomas  Bell  and  Henry  Guy, 
A.M.,  of  Christ's  Coll.,  Cambridge.  In  1672  he  petitioned 
in  the  following  terms  for  Aldingham,  the  living  which 
Richard  Hutton  desired  to  obtain* :  — 

1.  Preston  Guild  Rolls  (Record  Society,  vol.  9),  pp.  125,  161.  Vide 
also  Foster's  Al.  Ox.  for  fuller  particulars  about  this  family ;  and  Besse, 
vol.  ii,  pp.  10,  18. 

2.  Al.   Ox. 

3.  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

4.  Vide  p.  863. 


Kendal  955 

To  the  Kings  Most  Excellent  Matie  The  humble  Peticon  of  Michaell 
Stanford  Bachelor  of  Divinity  and  fellow   Christs  Colledge  in  Cam- 
bridge &c 
Most  hmnbly  sheweth 

That  the  Rectory  of  Aldinghani  in  the  County  of  Lancaster  being 
Lately  become  void  by  the  Death  of  Theophilus  Amyas  Late 
Incumbent  there  And  in  Yor  Maties  Gift 

That  yor  Matie  will  be  graciously  pleased  to  Grant  unto  ye  Peticonr 
yor  Maties  presentaion  in  order  to  yor  Petionrs  Institucon  &  Induction 
thereunto 

And  yor  Peticonr  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever  pray  &c. 

At  the  Court  at  Whitehall  Sept.   17.   1672. 

His  Maty  being  gratiously  inclined  to  gratify  this  Petitioner  is 
pleased  to  refer  it  to  the  Right  Reverend  Father  in  God  the  Lord 
Bishop  of  Worcester  Deane  of  his  Maties  Chappell  to  consider  of  the 
Petitioner's  suite  &  having  informed  himselfe  of  the  Petitioner's 
abilities  &  fitnesse  to  report  the  same  to  his  Maty  with  his  Lordships 
opinion  what  may  reasonably  be  done  for  his  Gratification  & 
Encouragement,  And  then  his  Maty  will  declare  his  further  Pleasure 

Arlington 

Sept  28  1672 

I  have  made  enquiry  into  the  Peticoner  &  have  receaved  so  good 
Testimony  of  his  Learning  &  all  other  Qualifications  that  I  thinke 
him  very  worthy  of  his  Maties  favour  desired  in  the  Petition 

Walt.  Wigorn. 

Peticon  &  Reference 

Aldingham 
Mr.  Stanford.^ 

The  Petition  was  successful  and  the  day  following  "  A 
Presentation  in  the  usual  forme  '  ^  was  granted.  This 
living  he  held  in  Plurality  with  Kendal. 

At  the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674,  Michael  Stan- 
ford appeared  and  exhibited  as  Yicar,  preaching  also  on 
the  occasion.  There  appeared  and  exhibited  at  the  same 
time :  — 

Thomas  Bell  A.B.  ejus  Curat,  ordained  Deacon  by  George  of  Chester 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  315,  No.  74. 

2.  Ibid.,  Entry  Book,  35  B. 


95^  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Sep.  5.  1664 ;  Priest  by  the  same  Aug.  2.  1668 ;  licensed  to  officiate 
the  Cure  Aug.  3.  1668. 

Richard  St«wardson  Ludimagr  lie.  by  John  of  Chester  June  19  1671. 

Robt.  Hodgson  Ludimagr  Hospital. 

Wm.  Gybson  usher  Liber  Scol.  Gramaticae  lie.  by  same  June  24. 
1671. 

ffrancis  Gray  Dr.  in  Physick. 

Richard  Lancaster  pish  CI. 

Eliz.    Thompson   &   Dor.   Holme  Midwifes.' 

Michael  Stanford  had  as  Curate,  Lawrence  Parke,  who 
was  ordained  Deacon  Sept.  19,  1672,  and  licensed  to 
officiate  as  Curate  at  Kendal  in  1677,  being  ordained 
Priest  Aug.  5,  1677.  In  the  Registers  appears  the 
following  :  — 

Buyrialls  4th  Mch  1682  Mr.  Michael  Stanford  vicar  of  Kendall. 

A  marble  monument  in  the  Church  states  that  he  was 
48  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  death,  that  he  was 
"ecclesiae    Anglicanae    Hookerus    alter    et    Fanaticorum 
malleus." 

Thomas  Murgatroyd,  M.A.,  1683—1699. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Richard,  Arch,  of  York, 
June  6,  1680,  and  Priest  by  John  of  Chester  May  8,  1681. 
He  was  instituted  May  16,  1683,  on  the  Presentation  of 
Trinity  Coll.,  Cambridge.  The  notice  of  his  burial  in 
the  Registers  reads  thus  :  — 

17  April  1699,  Mr.  Tho.  Murgatroyd  Vichar  of  Kendall. 

William  Crosby,  M.A.,  1699—1733. 

Nicholson  says  that  "  this  vicar,  a  man  of  exemplary 
morals,  has  the  merit  of  having  put  a  stop  to  the  revolting 
practice  of  burying  the  dead  without  coffins."  ^  Within 
the  Communion  rails  is  a  brass  plate  which  states  that 
he  was  "  Dunelmensis,"  Fellow  of  Trinity  College,  Cam- 
bridge, from  1690,  and  died  Dec.  7,  1733,  at  the  age  of  70. 

The  largeness  of  the  Parish  of  Kendal  with  its  eleven 
Chapelries   necessitated  some   assistance   for   the   Kendal 

1.  The  Visitation  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  Annals  of  Kendal,  p.  61. 


Kendal  957 

Vicar,  and  in  addition  to  Curates  there  was  the  Lecture- 
ship, a  popular  institution  at  that  time,  the  person 
appointed  being  Jeremiah  Marsden.  This  was,  of  course, 
independent  of  the  Parish  Church,  which  had  its  own  Yicar 
at  the  time.  Calamy  gives  a  long  and  interesting  account 
of  this  remarkable  man,  who  was  ejected  from  Ardesley, 
near  "Wakefield,  and  whose  "whole  life  afterwards,"  he 
says,  was  "a  perfect  peregrination."  He  was  the  brother 
of  Gamaliel  Marsden,  Minister  of  Chapel-le-Bedes,  Halifax, 
two  other  brothers  being  Samuel  and  Josiah,  all  Ministers 
suffering  Ejection,  and  all  the  sons  of  Ralph  Marsden. 
Jeremiah  Marsden  was  trained  at  Christ  College,  Cam- 
bridge ;  and  among  the  places  in  which  he  laboured 
Calamy  mentions  Wirral  in  Cheshire,  Blackburn,  Heapy, 
Northallerton,  Thornton,  Halifax,  and  Warley.  To  these 
must  be  added  Edenhall  in  Cumberland,^  Whalley, 
Darwen  and  Kendal.  The  movements  of  this  man  up  to 
his  appearance  at  Kendal  are  given  in  the  following 
documents :  — 

Friday  June  2.  1654. 
Whalley,   Lancaster. 

Mr.  Marsden  saith  he  hath  given  acquittance  for  201i  more  than  he 
hath  received  of  Mr.  Farmer. 

Mr.  Farmer  to  be  heard  on  Wednesday  next.  2 

June  2.  1654. 

Whalley.     Ordered   that  Mr.  ffarmer  Recr.   attend   ye   Trustees  on 
the  next  Wednesday  to  the  end  that  the  Trustees  may  be  informed 
how    the   case    Standeth    Concerning    ye    Augmentacon    due    to    Mr. 
Marsden  Minr  of  Whalley  in  the  County  of  Lancaster.  3 
June  9th  1654. 

Whalley.  Mr.  Marsden  Minister  of  Whalley  in  the  County  of 
Lancaster  Complaines  that  having  given  Mr.  ffarmer  Receiver  a 
Receipt  for  ffifty  poundes  he  hath  received  thirty  poundes  only  of  the 
said  ffifty  poundes  and  a  Bond  of  Tvs^enty  poundes  due  unto  the 
Trustees  from  one  Atkinson.  It  is  ordered  that  the  said  Mr.  ffarmer 
doe  forthwith  pay  unto  him  the  said  Twenty  poundes  and  take  into 
his  hands  the  said  Bond  from  the  said  Mr.  Marsden  and  take  care 
himself  of  the  Recovery  of  the  money  Due  thereupon.  4 

1.  Vide  p.  443. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.   Min.),  1009. 

3.  Ibid.,  1017. 

4.  Ibid. 


Wigan 
(12) 


958  The   Ejected    of   1662 

June  12.  1656. 

Ordered  that  the  said  Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden  doe  therefore  preach 
wthin  the  parish  of  Whaley  according  to  ye  order  of  the  said  Comittee 
for  Reformation  of  the  Universities  &  in  other  places  there  adjacent 
and  in  particular  in  the  Chappell  of  Darwin  in  the  said  County  of 
Lancaster,  i 

Whalley  and 

Darwen  June  11.   1657. 

These  Trustees  haveing  Setled  Sexty  poundes  a  yeare  upon  Mr. 
Jeremy  Marsden  Minister  of  the  Gospell  in  Whaley  and  Darwen  in 
the  County  of  Lancaster  Charging  the  payment  thereof  upon  the 
Rectory  of  Boulton  in  the  said  County.  It  is  ordered  that  the  said 
Mr.  Stockdale  forthwith  pay  all  arreares  thereof  to  the  25th  day  of 
March  last  past  as  well  out  of  the  rents  and  profitts  of  the  said 
Rectory  as  out  of  other  the  Revenues  within  his  receipt  which  the  said 
Mr.  Stockdale  is  to  pay  to  the  said  Mr.  Marsden  or  his  Lawfull 
Assignee  or  Assignes. 

Jo.  Thorowgood,  Jo  Humfrey  Ra.  Hall  Jo.  Pocock  Rich.  Yong." 

Whalley.  June   11.   1657. 

Whereas  it  appeares  by  Certificate  from  ye  Auditor  that  the  last 
halfe  yeare  of  the  Allowance  of  one  hundred  poundes  a  yeare  graunted 
to  Mr.  Marsden  Minister  of  Whalley  in  the  County  of  Lancaster  was 
the  25th  day  of  March  1655  and  the  descharge  of  the  said  allowance 
was  the  9  of  August  1655  It  is  ordered  that  he  be  paid  after  the 
said  rate  of  One  hundred  poundes  a  yeare  from  the  said  25th  of 
jj  jj  March    1655  aforesaid   to  the    said   9    of  Aug.    1655    And   that   Mr. 

Maior  Lawrence  Steele  Trear  doe  pay  the  same  unto  him  the  said  Mr. 
Marsden  accordingly  And  whereas  these  Trustees  have  continued  Sixty 
pounds  a  yeare  imto  him  from  the  25th  of  March  1656  who  hath 
notwithstanding  officiated  from  the  said  9th  of  August  till  the  said 
25th  of  March  for  which  noe  Satisfaccon  is  made  unto  him  It  is 
therefore  further,  ordered  that  in  full  descharge  of  the  Sd  Service 
the  said  Mr.  Steele  pay  unto  him  the  further  Summe  of  Twenty 
poundes  All  which  the  sd  Mr.  Steele  is  authorized  Eind  appointed  to 
pay  unto  the  said  Mr.  Marsden  or  his  Lawfull  Assignee  or  Assignes. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Jo.  Hmnfrey  Ra  Hall  John  Pocock  Rich.  Yong.  3 

Prom  the  foregoing  it  will  be  seen  that  his  stay  at 
Whalley  considerably  exceeded  that  of  other  places. 
"  Being  invited  to  Kendal  in  1658,"  says  Calamy,  "  he 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  970. 

2.  Ibid.,  993. 

3.  Ibid. 


Kendal  959 

accepted  and  obtained  an  augmentation  of  601  for  the  first 
year  as  lecturer :  but  meeting  with  opposition  be  stayed 
only  nine  months,  and  removed  to  Hull."  The  following 
documents  relate  to  his  appointment  and  Augmentation : 

Kendall.  Aprill  4.  1659. 

Upon  consideracon  had  of  ye  greatnesse  of  ye  psh  of  Kendall  in  ye 
County  of  Westmerland  havijig  within  it  eleaven  Chappells  Appendant 
to  ye  psh  Church  of  Kendall  aforesd  to  wch  Chappells  there  belongs 
little  or  noe  maintennce  by  reason  whereof  they  are  destitute  of  able 
ministrs.  ye  people  inhabiting  within  ye  sd  Chappelries  cannot  in 
regard  of  their  distance  resort  to  ye  parish  Chunch  of  Kendall  aforesd 
It  is  ordered  yt.  ye  sume  of  Threescore  pounds  bee  graunted  to  Mr. 
Jeremiah  Marsden  preacher  of  the  Gospell  within  ye  sd  parish  & 
Chappells  to  hold  for  ye  space  of  one  yeare  next  ensueing  which  wee 
humbly  Certify  to  His  highnesse  ye  Lord  Protector  and  Yor.  Councell. 

Edw.  Cressett  Ra.  Hall  Ri.  Sydenham  Jo.  Pocock  Ri.  Yong. ' 

April  7th  1659. 

These  may  certifie  whom  it  may  conceme  yt  Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden 
Had  a  call  by  ye  Court  of  Mayr.  Aldermen  of  Kendale  in  ye  County 
of  Westmorland  in  order  to  his  settlement  there ;  and  hitherto  hath 
been  continued  preaching  Lecturer  in  ye  said  parish  Church  of 
Kendale;  and  hath  received  after  ye  rate  of  151i  p  ann  due  to  ye 
Lecturr  there  in  ye  despose  of  ye  said  Court.  Therefore  I.  James 
Cocke  a  Member  of  ye  said  Court  in  ye  behalf e  of  myselfe  and  some 
others  of  ye  said  Court  do  nominate  ye  said  Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden 
to  continue  Lecturr.  thereof.  Given  under  my  hand  &  Seale  ye  day 
&  yeare  as  abovesaid 

Jas.  Cocke.  2 

Kemdall  13  Aprill  1659. 

Know  all  men  by  these  psents  that  the  8th  day  of  Aprill  1659  there 
was  exhibited  to  the  Comrs.  &c.  a  Nominacon  of  Mr.  Jeremiah 
Marsden  to  bee  Lecturer  within  pish  Church  of  Kendall  in  ye  County 
of  Westmerland  made  to  him  by  James  Cocke  Alderman  a  Member 
of  the  Corporacon  in  Kendall  aforesd  in  ye  behalfe  of  himselfe  & 
others  of  ye  sd  Corporacon  to  whom  the  power  of  Nominating  a 
Lecturer  there  doth  belong,  together  &c.  In  witnes  &c.  Dated  at 
Whitehall  ye  8th  of  Aprill  1659. 


Jo.  Nye  Regr.  3 


1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1004. 

2.  Ibid.,  947,  fol.  19. 

3.  Ibid.,  968. 


96o  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Kendall  in 
Westmerland  Lecture. 

Mr.  Jeremiah  Marsden  Admitted  the  8th.  of  Aprill  1659  to  be 
Lecturer  in  the  psh  Church  of  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmerland 
Upon  a  Nominacon  exhibited  the  same  day  from  James  Cocke  Alder- 
man in  behalfe  of  himselfe  and  other  Members  of  the  Corporation  in 
Kendall  aforesaid  to  whom  the  right  of  Nomination  of  a  Lecturer 
doth  belong.  And  Certificates  from  [MS.  breaks  off  at  this  point],  i 
Jeremiah  Marsden  was  on  intimate  terms  with  Thomas 
Jollie  of  Wymondhouses,  and  when  the  wife  of  the  latter 
died  in  1658,  he  received  from  his  friend  at  Kendal  a  letter 
to  "  comfort  him,"  in  which  also  was  a  description  of  the 
"  state  of  religion  in  that  town."  ^  As  Calamy  says,  he 
remained  at  Kendal  only  a  short  time.  He  suffered  much 
for  his  opinions  which  appear  to  have  been  extreme;  and 
he  was  much  misunderstood.  The  better  to  avoid  recogni- 
tion he  took  the  name  of  Ralphson  (son  of  Ralph),  and  for 
some  time  preached  to  a  congregation  in  London. 
Thoresby,  in  his  Diary,  refers  to  visits  paid  to  his  congre- 
gation there  in  16T7,  though  he  had  been  charged  by  his 
"  good  Father  "  not  to  hear  him  "  as  a  person  less  ortho- 
dox." He  says  that  he  preached  [Sept.  16]  "  not  to  my 
great  satisfaction  seeming,  though  covertly,  to  infuse  his 
own  principles;"  also  [Oct.  28]  that  "he  made  a  Sermon, 
but,  in  my  opinion,  none  of  the  best.  His  subject  should 
have  been  that  sufferings  precede  the  glory  of  God's 
children :  he  more  than  hinted  at  Christ's  personal 
reign."  ^ 

Jeremiah  Marsden's  death  took  place  in  the  58th  year 
of  his  age  about  1684.* 

The  following  also  relating  to  the  Schoolmaster  is  worth 
insertion :  — 
New  Castle  upon 

Tine.  By  ye  Commrs  March  31.  1653. 

^    Kendall. 

Whereas  there  is  exceeding  Create  need  of  a  Schoolemr  att  Kendall 
in  ye  County  of  Westmrland  It  is  therefore  ordered  that  the  tithes 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  999. 

2.  Jolly's  Note  Book  C.S.  (N.S.),  vol.   33,  p.   129. 

3.  Diaries,  vol.  i,  pp.  2,  3,  7. 

4.  Vide  Calamy  and  Palmer  for  a  full  account  of  him;  also  History  of 
The  Berks,  &c.     Congregational  Churches  (Summers),  p.  116. 


i 


Kendal 


961 


of  Thrinbye  at  the  rent  of  three  poundes  Six  Shillinges  eight  pence 
the  tithes  of  Sleagill  at  the  rent  of  three  poundes  Six  Shillinges  eight 
pence  the  tythes  of  Greate  Strickland  at  the  rent  of  fours  poundes  & 
the  tithe  of  Little  Strickland  at  the  rent  of  One  pound  thirtiene 
Shillinges  &  foure  pence  in  lease  from  the  Deane  &  Chapter  of  Carlile 
be  setled  upon  the  Major  and  Aldermen  of  Kendall  for  the  time  being 
or  their  Successors  to  &  for  the  use  of  a  Schoolemr  there  for  the 
encrease  of  his  Maintnnce. 

Tho  Lamplugh  Henry  Horsley  Heairy  Ogle  Tho  Cholmley  Lu 
Rillingworth  John  Ogle  Tho  Craister  John  Archer  Tho  Langhorne 
Roger  Baternan  Edward  Winter  Wm  Dawson/ 

In  all  probability  John  Myriell  was  appointed,  for  be 
was  here  in  January  1653-4. ^  His  removal  to  Torpenbow 
as  Minister  led  to  a  vacancy  wbicb  was  filled  by  E/icbard 
Jackson,  as  tbe  following  shows  :  — 

Kendall.  November  the  22th  1655. 

Whereas  the  Comrs  for  the  propagating  the  Gospell  in  the  ffoure 
Northeme  Countyes  have  setled  the  yeai'ely  Summe  of  Three  pounds 
Six  shillings  and  Eight  pence  out  of  the  tithes  of  Thimbye  the 
further  yearely  sume  of  Three  pounds  &  six  shillLngs  and  eight  pence 
out  of  the  tithes  of  Sleagill  the  further  yearely  Sume  of  ffoure  pounds 
cut  of  the  tithes  of  Great  Strickland  and  the  further  yearely  Sume  of 
T.wo  pounds  thirteene  Shillings  and  ffoure  pence  out  of  the  tithes  of 
Little  Strickland  all  within  the  County  of  Westmerland  parcell  of 
the  possessions  of  the  late  Deane  &  Chapter  of  Carlisle  upon  the 
Schoolmaster  of  Kendall  in  ye  said  County  It  is  ordered  that  the  same 
bee  continued  from  time  to  time  unto  Mr.  Eichard  Jackson  Schoolmr 
of  the  said  Schoole  and  to  bee  from  time  to  time  continued  unto  him  for 
such  time  as  hee  shall  descharge  the  duty  of  Schoohnr  there  or  untill 
further  Order  of  the  said  Trustees  And  that  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite 
Receiver  doe  pay  the  same  unto  him  accordingly. 

John  Thorowgood  Edw.  Cressett  Ri  Sydenham  Ra.  Hall  John 
Humfrev.  3 


1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  1006. 

2.  Vide  pp.  128,  936. 

3    Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  977. 


II.     CROSTHWAITE. 


This  place  is  not  to  be  confused  with  Crosthwaite  near 
Keswick.  It  lies  some  six  miles  south  west  of  Kendal, 
and  about  the  same  distance  north  of  the  mother  Church 
at  Heversham.  From  Kendal  the  road  leads  through  the 
interesting  little  village  of  Underbarrow,  already  named 
in  connection  with  the  Quaker  movement.  Crosthwaite 
served  as  a  Chapel  of  Ease  for  Heversham,  and  the 
Registers  say :  — 

Ecclesia  Crosthwaitiensis  santificata  fuit  7  Julij  Aimo  Dom  1557. 

The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary.  The  first  Register 
Book  is  of  paper  and  much  dilapidated;  but  it  has  been 
carefully  transcribed  by  the  present  Vicar.  Whellan 
says  the  Registers  begin  in  1600,  being  therein  incorrect, 
as  he  frequently  is.  The  first  half  dozen  pages  are  mere 
fragments  but  the  following  has  been  deciphered :  —    . 

of  March 

vii 

The  hole xvijs  ixd 

Resayve  Dicson  forthe  yer  abouffe 

written  for  weddings  &  burialls  &  kirkins 

xviis  ixd  By  me  Richard  Bouskell. 

The  following  also  occurs  later  which  supplies  the  earliest 
date  :  — 


Anno 
1572 


This  Booke  made  the  xxviij   daye 
of  Marche  in  the  Yeare 
of  oure  Lorde  God  [1572]  for 
christnings  churchings  weddings 
&  burialls. 


The  County  Histories  make  no  attempt  at  any  list  of 
Incumbents,  but  the  Registers  supply  the  following 
names.  It  should  be  remembered  that  certain  dues  had 
to  be  paid  by  Crosthwaite  Chapel  to  the  "  maister  vicar  " 
of  Heversham. 


Crosthwaite  963 

Edward  Whitbeck,  1572, 

The  Eegisters  give  the  following  items :  — 

Itm  payed  for  Edward  Whyttebecke  the  xxvi  daye  of  Jvdy  iiiis 
iiid  Received  of  Nicolas  Dixsoai  ye  xxvii  of  July  iiiis  iiid  ano  Dom. 
1572. 

Syned  (?)  by  me  Edward 
Whitbecke  prst  ( ?). 
Ano  1573     I  Edward  Whitbeck  was  dyscharged  the  last  day  of  June 
from  receiveing  off  any  mo  churchings  and  master  vicar  shall  receive 
theym  from  thence  forthe  churchinges  I  Edward  Whitbeck  retained 
the  alterings  frome  the  last  day  of  June. 

This  is  the  only  information  about  Edward  Whitbeck 
which  has  been  obtained. 

Edmund  Benn,  1573 — 1595. 

The  Registers  supply  the  following :  — 

In  itm  Edmund  Ben  curate  apud  de  crostwhat  the  xxv  day  of 
February  ano  dom  1573. 

Pd  by  me  Edmund  Ben  to  Mr  vicar  of  Hearsham  from  Easter  last 
till  xxix  of  Sept.  [1592}  for  altings  of  the  church  of  Crostwhat  iil  xiiis 
from  ye  fifth  of  October. 

1594-5  [Spurious]  John  Lewis  ( ?)  sonne  filij  Jenat  Walker  bastard 
bapt  xxv  Feb.  Godfathers — John  Strickland  &  Edmund  Ben  clerk 
Godmother  Willm  Walker's  wiff  of  Cartmeyell  of  Height. 

The  "  churchings  "  are  a  feature  of  the  Registers  during 
this  period  and  the  following  is  particularly  interesting : 
1592-3  Wyf  of  Rich  Gilpin  churched  iid  usual  charge  [iiid]. 

This  occurs  between  March  9th  and  14th.     Similarly  the 
Tithe  Apple.     The  following  is  a  specimen:  — 

1582  Somme  total  is  xxiis  viid  Tithe  aple  aellin  payed  vis  viiid 
All  this  Received  for  this  present  year  above  named  by  Lancelott 
Gamett  to  ye  use  of  vicar  of  Heaversham. 

How  long  Edmund  Benn  remained  after  1595  there  is 
nothing  to  indicate.  The  Benn  family  were  numerous 
and  influential  all  along  the  West  Cumberland  coast,  and 
supplied  the  Church  with  several  Ministers. 

Richard  Foster,  1632. 

It  is  not  clear  who  immediately  followed  Edmund 
Benn,  and  there  is  a  considerable  gap  here  which  cannot 


964  The   Ejected   of  1662 

be  filled  up.  On  the  first  page  of  the  second  Eegister 
Book  occurs  the  following :  — 

MKS.  11  Jan.  1610. 

David 

said  unto  the  Lord. 

Maister  Rowth 

Curate  of 

Crosthwaite. 
Whether  that  date  is  to  be  associated  with  the  name  of 
Rowthe  cannot  be  ascertained  :   if  so,  then  two  persons  of 
that  name  held  the  living  as  will  appear  later.     The  date 
of  Richard  Foster's  appointment  is  given  thus :  — 

Rich.  Foster  came  to  Crosthwaite  to  dwell  the  last  day  of  May  Anno 
dom    1632.' 

The  Registers  also  furnish  this  further  information  about 

him  :  — 

Richus  Foster  filius  Francisci  de  Rauthmell  baptizatus  fuit  Giglis- 
vicensis  templo  secundo  die  Mensis  Februarij.  1614. 

Richard  Rowthe, 1643. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  Dec.  22,  1622,  being  then 
"  literatus  Cest.  Dio."  There  is  some  difficulty  in  rela- 
tion to  Richard  Rowthe.  The  Registers  give  the  follow- 
ing burial  entry :  — 

Rich.  Rowthe  Minister  of  Crosthwait  Church  was  buried  the  7th 
day  of  April  1643. 

They  further  say  :  — 

Johaaanes  Rowthe  filius  Richard  Rowthe  de  Aldingham  fuit  bapti- 
zatus the  26th  day  of  Dec.  &  born  the  25th  day  before  in  1622. 

Baines,  however,  has  John,  not  Richard  Rowthe,  as  Rector 
of  Aldingham,  presented  to  the  living  in  1614  by  Francis 
Wharton.  He  adds  that  there  must  have  been  some 
irregularity  about  the  Presentation,  "  for  he  was  reinsti- 
tuted  April  22,  1617,  on  the  nomination  of  Timothy 
Hutton."  ■'  There  is  need  of  some  further  light  if  the 
"  Richard  Rowthe  de  Aldingham  "  whose  son,  John,  was 
baptized  in  1622,  is  to  be  identified  with  the  Crosthwaite 
Minister.     The  Registers  do  not  make  this  clear. 

1.  Crosthwaite  Registers. 

2.  Hist,  of  Lane.  (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  575. 


Crosthwaite 


965 


John  Clarke,  1643 — 1661. 

The  Registers  again  are  our  authority,  the  following 
being  extracted  from  them  :  — 

John  Gierke  did  enter  at  Crosthwaite  the  10th  day  of  April  1643. 
John  Clarke  Minister  of  Crost.   buried  28  april  1661. 

It  would  almost  appear  that  there  was  a  vacancy  in 
1646,  but  the  language  of  the  following  document  is  too 
loose  to  conclude  definitely  from  it;  and,  until  further 
evidence  is  forthcoming,  it  is  assumed  that  John  Clarke 
kept  the  position  until  his  death  :  — 

At  the  Comttee  for  plundered  Ministers  10  Junij  Anno  dni  1646. 
By  vertue  of  an  Order  of  both  houses  of  parliament  of  ye  second  of 
May  last  it  is  ordered  that  ye  yearely  sume  of  forty  pounds  be  payd 
oat  of  ye  impropriate  Tythes  arising  within  the  Chappellrye  of 
Crosthwaite  &  Lyth  within  the  County  of  Westmerland  sequestred 
from  Sr.  Rich  Hutton  Kt.  Delinqt.  Annexed  to  the  Church  of 
Heversham  in  ye  said  County  declare  to  and  for  increase  of  the 
Maintenance  of  a  Minister  to  be  nominated  by  the  Comttee  to  the 
Chappell  of  Crosthwaite  &  Lythe  aforesd  his  pent  maintenance  being 
but  4li  a  yeare  notwthstanding  all  pochiall  Rites  are  pformed  here- 
with And  the  Sequestratrs  of  the  pmisses  are  required  to  pay  ye  sume 
accordingly  at  such  Tymes  &  Seasons  of  the  yeare  as  the  same  are 
payable 

Har  Grimston.^ 

Certainly  there  was  an  interregnum  after  John  Clarke's 
death;  but  how  long  it  continued  we  do  not  know.  The 
following  relates  to  the  matter :  — 

1661  John  Cartmell  Rec.    of    me    [no    name    in  the   Registers]   in 

reference  to  Expenses  concerning  ministers  during  the  vacancy  5/-. 

Michael  (?)  Robley,  1664. 

He  signs  the  Transcripts  in  this  year. 

George  Birkett,  1666—1684. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Sept.  20,  1665,  being  described 
as  of  the  Chester  Diocese;  and  Priest  by  the  Bishop  of 
Chester  July  4,  1674,  being  licensed  to  serve  the  Cure  on 
the  same  day.  So  says  the  Chester  Act  Book;  but  the 
Registers  give  the  following  :  — 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.     F.  1  (Record  Office).     Duplicated  in  Bodl.  MS.  323. 


966  The   Ejected   of   1662 

Geo.  Birkett  [another  entry  adds  "  minister "]  &  Ellin  Stewardson 
married  in  Underbarrow  chappell  June  15,  1643,  by  Arthur  Rowlandson. 

Domina  Helena  ux  :  Georgii  Birkett  Clerici  sep.  in  cella  eccl. 
Crosthwtieaisis  duodecimo  die  Maij   1683. 

Mr.  Georgius  Birkett  Clericus  et  curatus  de  Crosthwaite  Sepult. 
Octavo  die  martii   1684. 

The   following  curious   entry   also   in   which  his  name 
occurs  is  worth  preserving  :  — 
May  9.  Ann.  Dom.  1678. 

Memorandimi  that  the  day  abovesaid  the  chappel  wardens  of 
Crosthwait  &  Lith  did  agree  with  Thomas  Lickbarrow  to  make  the 
leads  of  the  parochial!  chappell  there  drop  dry  and  to  give  him  three 
pounds  ten  shillings  for  his  paines  &  six  shillings  eight  pence  yearely 
to  keepe  it  without  dropp  during  his  life  to  be  payd  within  a  weeks 
of  or  after 

Witnese  hereof  James  Srickland 

Toby  Knipe  James  Briggs 

Willm  Gamett  chappell  wardens 

Geo.  Birkett  Witnes  my  haaid 

Clerk  Tho  :  Lickbarrow. 

John  Rowlandson 

James  Heblethwaite,  B.A.,  1685 — 1707, 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Dec.  21,  1684,  by  Thomas  of 
Carlisle;  Priest  by  Nicholas  of  Chester  June  7,  1691,  and 
obtained  a  faculty  to  serve  as  Curate  May  14,  1685.     The 

Registers  contain  the  following :  — 

James  Heblethwaite  bapt.  at  Sedburgh  8  July  1661. 
James  Heblethwaite  was  inducted  into  Crosthwaite  Church  ye  14th 
day  of  May  1685  by  John  Pearson  then  Ld  Bishop  of  Chester. 
James  Heblethwait  &  Agnes  Dickinson  nupt.  7  Aug.   1688. 
James  Heblethwaite  was  buried  at  Corostat.  12  of  May  1707.' 

The  planting  of  a  yew  tree  in  his  day  is  referred  to  thus, 
and  some  difficulty  appears  to  have  been  experienced  in 
the  spelling  of  the  word :  — 

Ja  :  Heblethwaite  ye  then  Minister  of  Crosthwte  caused  ye  Ewe* 
Tree  to  be  planted  at  ye  Church-Lane-head  in  Jan.  1701 

Eugh 
Mar.  28.   1704. 
Witoies  my  hand  Ja  :   Heblethwte 
Minister  of  Crosthwte 
John  Gibson 
John  Dickinson. 
1.  The  Transcripts  have  May  20. 


Crosthwaite  967 

James  Heblethwaite  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Heble- 
thwaite  of  Sedbergh,  and  great  grandson  of  James  Heble- 
thwaite of  Heblethwaite  Hall.  He  entered  St.  John's 
Coll.,  Cambridge,  from  Sedbergh  Grammar  School,  at 
the  age  of  18  years  and  graduated  B.A.  in  1683.^ 

Richard  Iox,  1710, 

He  signs  the  Transcripts  in  this  year.  A  person  of  this 
name,  probably  the  same,  signs  the  Witherslack  Registers 
from  1713  to  1742,  his  death  taking  place  in  the  latter 
year. 

Wm.  Noble,  1712. 

The  Registers  say  :  — 
Mr.  Noble  entered  ye  place  at  Crosthwaite  1   Nov.   1712. 

Foster  gives  William  Noble,  son  of  Thomas  of  Bampton 
as  graduating  B.A.  ^  Feb.  26,  1711-12.  There  was  also 
a  Charles  Noble  at  St.  Bridget's  in  1714.3 

Thomas  Fell,  1718. 

The  Registers  merely  state  that  he  came  to  Crosthwaite 
Aug.  2,  1718.     He  was  ordained  Deacon  Feb.  2,  1718-19. 

1.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  102. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  834. 


m 


III.     HEYERSHAM. 

This  place,  which  appears  in  older  documents  also  as 
Eversham,  lies  on  the  estuary  of  the  Kent,  which  flows 
into  Morecambe  Bay;  and  is  some  half  a  dozen  miles  in 
a  direct  line  south  of  Kendal.  Its  Church,  dedicated  to 
St.  Mary,  replaced  an  older  structure,  which  was  acciden- 
tally burnt  down  in  1601,  "whereby  all  the  monuments, 
seats,  bells,  organ  and  other  ornaments  were  utterly 
destroyed."  ^  Everything  appears  to  date  from  this  event. 
Nicolson  and  Burn  make  no  attempt  to  carry  their  list  of 
Incumbents  beyond  it ;  and  1601  is  the  date  of  the  oldest 
Register.  The  original  is  still  in  existence,  but  many  of 
its  pages  are  quite  illegible.  In  1778  John  Preston,  in  a 
neat  and  careful  hand,  made  a  copy,  in  reference  to  which 
he  thus  writes  :  — 

A  copy  of  all  that  can  be  found  or  is  legible  of  the  old  Register 
belonging  to  Heversham  Church. 

Unfortunately,  occasional  brief,  but  interesting  and 
valuable,  notes  in  the  margin  of  the  original,  are  some- 
times wanting  in  the  copy.  The  following  is  the  list  of 
Incumbents  :  — 

Nicholas  Browne,  B.D.,  1570. 
He  was  instituted  Sept.  22,  1570. 

OiLES  Ayliff,  — 1588. 

He  evidently  resigned  about  that  time  and  died  some 
■two  years  later.  The  Crosthwaite  Registers  give  the 
following  :  — 

Giles  Ailiphe  Clarke   lait   Vicar   of  Heaversham   depted    from  this 
world  the  vii  day  of  May  1590. 

Jeremiah  Radcliffe,  M.A.,  D.D.,  1588 — 1591. 

He  was  instituted  July  17th,  1588.  He  was  Pensioner 
of  Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  May  2,  1567,  Fellow,  B.A. 

1.  Nicolson  and  Bum,  vol.  i,  p.  195. 


Heversham  969 

1570-1,  M.A.  1574,  B.D.  1581,  D.D.  1588,  Vice-Master  of 
his  College  1579,  incorporated,  Oxford,  July  10, 1600,  Vicar 
•of  Shudy  Camps  1579,  of  Trumpington,  Cambridge  1580, 
•of  Eaton  Bray,  Beds.,  1584-7,  whence  he  removed  to 
Heversham.  He  went  to  Orwell  in  Cambridge  abont 
1691.1 

Thomas  Whitwell,  1591—1604. 

He  was  instituted  Oct.  3,  1591,  on  the  cession  of 
Jeremiah  Hadcliffe.  The  Crosthwaite  Registers  again, 
Tinder  Feb.  24,  1591-2,  have  the  following:  — 

Pay  me  Thomas  Whitwell  Vicar  7s.  7d. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  give  him  as  Whitmell.  He  was  here 
when  the  Church  was  destroyed  by  fire ;  but  he  died  three 
years  after.  In  1605,  a  legacy  given  by  him  for 
''  whitening  the  chancel  "  was  paid.^ 

Thomas  Calvert,  M.A.,  1604- 


He  belonged  to  the  Calverts  of  Cockerham,  of  whom 
•John  and  William  held  the  living  there  in  1571  and  1649 
respectively.  He  received  Institution  to  Heversham, 
according  to  the  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry),  on  Oct.  15, 
1604,  the  vacancy  having  been  caused  by  the  death  of 
Whitwell.  A  second  Institution  bears  date  Dec.  19,  1606. 
He  appeared  before  the  Bishop  of  Chester  on  July  26 
•of  that  year  exhibiting  his  letters  of  Presentation  "to  the 
Rectory  of  Heisham  "  [Heysham]  by  the  King's  Majesty, 
and  seeking  Institution  which  was  given  on  the  26th  of 
October  following.  His  possession,  however,  of  Heysham 
was  disputed  by  the  Parkinsons  of  Fairsnape  and  others, 
and  a  series  of  Depositions  exists  in  relation  to  the  matter. 
In  the  one  for  1607/8,  in  which  he  appears  as  plaintiff,  he 
is  styled  "Clerk,  vicar  of  Hearsham."^  He  seems  even- 
tually to  have  established  his  claim  and  held  the  living 
until  his  death  in  1638.  From  the  foregoing  it  will  be 
seen  that  Thomas  Calvert  was  a  Pluralist;   and  he  was 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  197. 

3.  Ex.  Depos.    (Record   Society,   vol.   xi),   pp.    12,    13;    also  Baines's 
Hist,  of  Lane.  (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  503. 


970  The    Ejected   of   1662 

Whitwell's  immediate  successor.  He  appears  somewhat 
late  in  tlie  Heversham  Registers  on  the  fly  leaf  of  the 
original  being  the  following :  — 

Thomas  Calverte  vicar  of  Eversham  1621. 

In  the  body  of  the  Registers  also  is  this  entry,  which 
doubtless  refers  to  the  same  individual :  — 

1612  Willm  sonn  of  Tho.  Calvert  bapt.  the  8th  day  of  May. 

Another  entry  gives  "  Elizabeth  Daute  of  Nicholas  Cal- 
vert "  baptized  on  Aug.  4th,  1611,  who  was  probably  a 
relative.  It  would  appear  that  Thomas  Calvert  was 
resident  at  Heysham,  his  place  at  Heversham  being  sup- 
plied by  Curates.  The  names  are  given  subsequently  of 
such  as  occur  in  the  Registers.  Thomas  Calvert's  Will 
was  proved  within  the  Archdeaconry  of  Richmond  in 
1638,  and  in  it  he  is  styled  "  Clerk,  rector  of  Heisham.'^ 
Thomas  Calvert,  Theoder  Herring,  Edward  Bowles  and 
Nathaniel  Rathband  all  appear  as  Ministers  of  the  Cathe- 
dral Church  of  York,  in  1649,  the  four  receiving  the  sum 
of  £450  as  salary  for  nine  months  ending  Dec.  25,  1649.^ 
James  Calvert,  M.A.,  was  ejected  from  TopclifEe,  and 
Richard  Calvert  was  at  Selby,  Yorks.,  in  1654;  but  whether 
these  were  relatives  has  not  been  ascertained. 

The  following  are  the  Curates :  — 

Thomas  Wyllan,  1610. 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 
Burialls  :  Anno  16i0  Julye  Thomas  Wyllan  Clarke  on  the  15th  day. 

The  word  "  Clarck "  is  not  decisive  evidence,  though, 
judging  from  its  use  in  these  Registers,  it  points  strongly 
in  that  direction. 

James  Wakefield,  1621 — 1626. 

On  a  fly  leaf  in  the  original  Registers  against  the  date 
1621,  appears  the  following :  — 
James  Wakefield  curate 

In  the  Registers  against  1626  is  this  insertion  :  — 
Here  ends  Mr.  Wakefield's  Curateshippe. 

1.  Shaw's  Hist.  Eng.  Ch.,  vol.  ii,  p.  550. 


Heversham  97 1 

The  following  baptismal  entries  also  occur  :  — 
Isabella  filia  Mr.  Jacob  Wakefield  bapt.  15th  Aprilis  1621 
1623  Aprill,  Alice  the  Daughter  of  James  Wakefield  Clarke  15  Die. 
1625,   November,   Agnes  the  Daughter   of  James   Wakefield   Gierke 
6   Die. 

For  the  Wakefields  the  reader  is  referred  to  the  Win- 
dermere account.^ 

Hi  CHARD  Hudson,  1627 — 1635. 

At  the  foot  of  the  page  of  the  Registers  against  March 
1627,   appears  "  Eichard  Hudson  Curate " ;   and    against 

''  Julye  17,  1635,"  is  the  following :  — 
Here  ends  Sr.  Hudson's  Curateshippe. 

The  following  entries  relate  to  the  baptism  of  his  children. 

1629  June.  Maudlene  the  Daughter  of  Richard  Hudson  Gierke 
28th.   Die. 

1631  November.  Robertus  filius  Richardi  Hudson  Cleri  et  Ecclesiae 
hujus  Ministri  baptizatus  Die  nono. 

1633  Aprill.  Thomas  filius  Richardi  Hudson  Gleri  et  Eccq.  hujus 
Ministri  baptizatus  Septimo  Die. 

The  following  also  under  the  list  of  burials  :  — 

1631    November    Robert    sonne   of    Richard    Hudson    Gierke    and 
Minister  of  this  Ghurch  sepulted  27th.  Die. 
So  far  everything  is  clear;  the  difficulty  begins  after 

1635.     The  following  entries  also  appear:  — 

1635  October.    Jana  filia  Richardi  Hudson  bapt.  Die.  duodecimo. 
1637   February.     Sarai   filia  Mri.   Richardi    Hudson   baptd.    vicesso 
6"  Die. 

1640  June.  Dorothea  filia  Richardi  Hudson  Clarke  bapta  primo. 
Die. 

1643  Aprill.     Edwardus  filius  Richardi  Hudson,  Clarke,  bapt.  16°. 

Under  burials  :  — 

1636.  Jana  filia  Mr.  Richard  Hudson  Sepulta  Decimo  nono  Die 
Maij. 

1638-9  Januari]  Sarah  filia  Richardi  Hudson  Gleri  Seplta  in  Ecc. 
4°  Die.  2 

1.  Vide  p.  1038. 

2.  Other  Hudson  entries  are  the  following,  but  whether  referring  to 
the  same  individual  is  not  certain  : — "  Weddings.     1612  October  Richard 

Hudson  and  Margrett  Backhouse  Maryd.   the  vi  of  October. 

1620  November  Richardus  Hudson  and  EUena  Holme  Marit.  Novem- 
ber   primo. 

Burial.  1620  September.  Filius  abortivus  Richardi  Hudson  Sept. 
Isepulted]  September  1st. 


972  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Whether  the  Clerk  has  made  a  mistake  in  the  date  or 
Hudson  actually  terminated  his  Curateship  in  1635  does 
not  appear;  it  will,  however,  be  noticed  that  Richard 
Hudson  ceased  to  be  called  "  Minister  of  this  Church  " 
after  1635;  and  the  word  "  Cleri  "  or  "Clarke"  is  not 
of  sufficiently  definite  significance  to  say  precisely  what 
position  he  occupied  after  that  date.^ 


Thomas  Bigge,  1638—1645. 

He  was  presented  by  Thomas  Comber,  S.T.P.,  November 
15,  1638,  and  his  Bond  bears  date  December  21,  1638. 
The  name  appears  in  the  Registers  first  in  1641.  The 
Bigge  entries  may  be  -conveniently  given  here  :  — 

Baptisms  : — 

1641  Katherina  filia  Thomae  Bigge  Bapt.   Julij  25°. 
1643  Thomas  filius  Thomae  Bigge  VicarbapEodem  DieFebruarij.  4°. 
1646  Ann  the  Daughter  of  Mr.  Thomas  Bigge  Bapt.  May  10. 
1647-8  John  the  son  of  Mr.  Thomas  Bigge  baptd  March  21st. 
1654  Bridget  the  Dautr.  of  Mr.  Thomas  Bigge  baptd  July  6. 
1658  Mary  the  Dautr.  of  Mr.  Thomas  Bigge  baptd  Aprill  6°. 

Burials  : — 

1649  Johannes  filius  Thomae  Bigge  Cleri  Sepult.  tertio  Die.  Julij. 

Thomas  Bigge  was  sequestered  about  1645 ;  but  he 
continued  to  reside  in  the  neighbourhood;  and  it  is 
interesting  to  note  in  the  Registers  the  baptisms  of  his 
children  alternating  with  those  of  Samuel  Cole  who 
succeeded  him.  He  was  still  called  "  Cleri,"  a  fact  which 
bears  upon  what  has  been  advanced  in  relation  to  Richard 
Hudson. 

Samuel  Cole,  1646. 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  he  is  simply 

1.  In  the  Registers  also  appears  the  following  : — "1631  September 
Anna  filia  Mr.  Richardi  Benson  Cleri  sepulta  secundo  Die."  This  was 
during  Richard  Hudson's  Curateship.  We  have  also  this  : — "  Henricus 
filius  Mr.  Gulielmi  Benson  bapt.  Aprilis  secundo  1621." 


I 


Heversham  973 

called  "  Mini,   of  Heversham  "  ;    and  the  Augmentation 
of  his  stipend  is  referred  to  in  the  following  :  — 

Westmorland.  At  the  Comtte  for  plundered  Ministrs  Junij  10 
Anno  Dni.  1646.  By  vertue  of  an  Order  of  both  howses  of  Parliamt. 
of  ye  second  of  May  last  It  is  orderd  that  ye  remaindr.  of  ye 
pfitts  of  ye  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Crostwhait  and  Lythe  within  the 
pish  of  Heversham  in  ye  County  of  Westmerland  sequestred  from 
Sr.  Richard  Hutton  Kt.  Delinqnt  over  and  above  the  forty  pounds 
a  yeare  graunted  to  ye  Minister  of  ye  Chapell  of  Crosthwaite  and 
Lythe  not  exceeding  thirty  pounds  p  ann  be  payd  to  Samuell  Cole 
Viccar  of  Heversham  aforesaid  the  Viccaridge  whereof  is  worth  but 
541i  a  yeare  and  the  Sequestrators  of  the  pmises  are  required  to  pay 
ye  same  accordingly  at  such  tymes  and  Seasons  of  ye  yeare  as  ye  said 
pfitts  are  due  and  payable. 
Har  Grimston.^ 

Heversham.  June  10,  1646. 

By  vertue  &c  ordered  that  the  remainder  of  the  profitts  of  the 
Impropriate  Rectorie  of  Crosthwaite  &  Lyth  in  the  pish  of  Heversham 
in  the  Countie  of  Westmerland  over  &  above  the  40li  a  yeare 
graunted  to  the  Minister  of  the  Chappell  of  Crosthwaite  &  Lyth  not 
exceeding  301i  p.  ann.  be  paid  to  Samuell  Cole  Vicar  of  Heversham 
aforesd  the  Viccarage  whereof  is  worth  but  54li  a  year,  and  the 
Sequestra  &c.^ 

Decemb.  9.  1648. 
Heversham        By  vertue  &c   It  is  ordered  yt  ye  yearely  sume  of 
501i  501i    be    allowed    &    pd    out    of    ye    pffitts    of    ye 

Rect.  Beetham.  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Beetham  in  the  County  of 
Westmerland  for  increase  of  ye  maintence  of  Mr.  Samuell  Cole 
Minister  of  Heversham  in  the  said  County  his  pent  maintence  beinge 
but  501i  a  yeare  And  ye  Seqrs  &c.  3 

The  following  relates  to  the  Fifths  for  the  wife  and 

children  of  Thomas  Bigge :  — 

November  2.   1646. 

Upon  the  humble  peticon  of  Anne  the  wife  of  Thomas  Bigge  from 

whom  the  Benefice  of  Heversham  in  the  County  of  Westmerland  is 

sequestred   It  is   ordered   that   the  said   Mrs.    Bigge   shall   have    for 

&  towards  the  maintennce  of  her  &  her  children  the  full  cleere  5th  pte 

of  all  the  tythes  Rents  gleab  lands  &  Eastr  booke  of  the  said  benefice 

(all  taxes  &  charges  first  deducted   out  of   the   whole   unlesse  good 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  F.  1  (Record  Office)  ;  Duplicated  in  Bodl.  MS.  323. 

2.  Bodl.    MS.    323. 

3.  Ihid.,  325. 


974  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Cause  in  writenge  shewen  to  the  Contrary  before  the  Comittee  of 
pliamt  for  the  sd  County  the  said  Mr.  Bigge  &  his  wife  yeilding  all 
due  obedience  to  the  said  Sequestracon-  The  examinacon  of  wch 
cause  (if  there  be  any)  this  Comttee  doe  referre  to  the  Comttee  of 
the  sd  Countie  or  any  three  of  them  who  are  desired  to  heare  the  pties 
on  both  sides  therein  &  to  call  before  them  to  examine  the  witnesses 
yt  shalbe  produced  as  well  for  proofe  of  the  sd  cause  as  on  the 
pte  &  behalfe  of  the  said  Mrs.  Bigge  for  the  justifying  of  her  & 
the  paymt  of  the  sd  5th  pte  &  to  determine  the  differences  betweene 
them  if  they  can  or  otherwise  to  Certifie  to  this  Committee  the  whole 
busynes  wth  their  opinion  therein.^ 

William  Cole,  in  his  letter  to  Lord  Wliartoiij^  refers  to 
Samuel  Cole,  who  had  taken  the  place  of  the  Ejected  Vicar 
of  Heversham,  as  his  brother;  and  Henry  Masy,  in  his 
letter  of  February  1645/6,^  speaks  of  the  two  Coles  as 
having  lately  come  from  London.  These  were  William 
and  Samuel.  He  further  tells  about  their  getting  into 
trouble  through  a  struggle  near  Milnthorpe,  where  a 
"  Malignant "  was  killed.  It  appears  that  Samuel  was 
Captain  in  the  Parliamentary  Army,  and  his  brother, 
William,  may  have  been  the  same.  ^  The  Heversham 
Registers  give  the  two  following  entries  :  — 

1646  William  the  sonn  of  Mr.  Samuel  Cole  baptd  May  26. 

1647  Elizabeth  the  Dautr  of  Mr.  Samuel  Cole  baptd  October  17th. 

The  above  named  son,  William,  was  buried  on  August  31, 
1646. 

Samuel  Cole  left  about  1650,  became  Minister  of 
Wybonbury  in  Cheshire,  and  subsequently  was  at  Duffield 
in  Derbyshire,  where  he  was  silenced  at  the  Restoration, 
though  he  does  not  appear  in  Calamy's  list.  The  follow- 
ing relates  to  him  :  — 

The  humble  petition  of  Katherine  the  wife  of  Humphrey  Collina 
of  the  Baryate  in  the  parish  of  Duffield  in  the  Countey  of  Darby. 

To  the  Illustrious  and  most  high  and  Mightey  Prince  Charles  the 
Second  by  the  Grace  of  God  of  England  Scotland  ffrance  and  Ireland 
Kinge  defender  of  the  faith. 

1.  Bodl.  MS.  324. 

2.  Vide  p.   1016. 

3.  Vide  p.  889. 

4.  Vide  p.  975. 


Heversham  975 

Humbly 

Sheweth  to  your  Maiestie,  that  your  Maties  poore  sublet  is  inforced 
to  make  her  case  plainly  knowne  to  yor  Matie  shee  and  her  daughter 
beinge  Mightely  wronged,  by  one  Mr.  Samuel  Coles,  which  was  a 
Minister  in  the  unhappie  time  of  unnaturall  warre,  and  since  yor 
Gratious  Maiesties  Restauration  and  happie  enioyment,  of  yor  Royall 
throne  hath  given  over  preachinge,  because  the  said  Mr.  Samuel  Coles 
would  not  subscribe  to  the  Caainons  of  the  Church  of  England.  And 
the  sayd  Mr.  Samuel  Coles  doth  wrongfully  and  without  just  cause, 
detaine  from  your  Maiesties  poore  petitioner  and  subiect,  certaine 
lands  with  one  house  and  other  buildings  theere  xmto  belongeimge 
hee  haveinge  noe  just  right  or  title  to  the  same,  which  said  lands 
and  buildings  for  the  space  of  two  hundred  yeares  and  above,  did 
■belomge  to  the  Mathewes  in  Tutbury — otherwise  caUed  Tylbury  in  the 
County  of  Stafford,  which  buildings  are  two  and  twentey  bayes, 
and  thertey  foure  acres  of  land  which  was  but  Morgiged  for  thertey 
pounds  noe  time  limited  for  the  releisment  [releasement],  Y"or 
Maiesties  poore  petitioner  and  subject  made  meanes  to  pcure  money 
for  the  releisment  of  the  sayd  lands  for  her  daughters  good,  which  is 
the  Right  heire,  but  the  said  Mr.  Samuel  Coles  doth  refuse  and  will 
not  receive  the  sayd  mony,  but  saith  ths  land  is  his  owne,  to  the 
utter  ruin  and  undoinge  of  yor  Maties  poore  petitioair  and  her 
daughter,  beinge  unable  to  wage  law,  and  beinge  in  the  times  of  the 
last  unaturall  warrs  undone  by  souldiers.  Soe  yor  Mateis  poore 
petitionr  and  subiect  doth  most  humbly  beseech  yor  Matie,  that  yor 
Matie  will  be  soe  farre  graciously  pleased  to  graunt  to  yor  poore 
petitionr  such  order  that  the  said  Mr.  Samuel  Coles  may  show  either 
-at  the  Assises  to  yor  Maties  Judges  or  else  at  the  Sessions  to  yor 
Maties  Justices  of  the  Peace  and  Query  what  Right  and  title  the  said 
Mr.  Coles  can  hold  his  land  wrongfully  detained  by.  And  the  said 
Mr.  Samuel  Coles  was  a  Captaine  for  the  pliament  im  the  unaturall 
warrs  which  kept  yor  Maties  petitionr  in  subiection  giveinge  her 
many  threateninge  words  and  with  held  it  by  force,  boastSnge  that 
his  purse  is  wider  &  syder  than  yor  poore  petitionrs  is.  Soe  prayinge 
dayly  for  yor  Maiesties  health  and  happinesse  here  one  earth,  And 
that  the  lord  will  Crowne  yor  Matie  with  an  everlastinge  Crowne 
in  the  blessed  blisse  of  heaven  when  this  Mortall  life  is  ended, 
which  God  grant  for  his  Sonne  Christ  Jesus  Sakes. 

[End.]  Peticon  of  Katherine  Colins  praying  his  Maties  ffavr  against 
one  Mr.  Coles  a  Nonconformist  Ministr  who  detained  some  Lands  &c 
unjustly  from  ye  Petitionr  who  for  povertie  is  not  able  to  sue  him 
in  Law.' 

There  is  no  date  to  this  document,  but  it  is  among  the 
1665  Petitions. 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  vol.  142,  Pt.  I,  fol.  46. 


976  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Richard  Tatham  in  1654. 

His    approval    by    the    Cromwellian   Commissioners    is- 
given  in  the  following  terms  :  — 

Heversham 
Richard  Tatham. 

Know  all  &c.  the  ninth  day  of  May  in  the  yeare 

Rich.  Tatham  1654    There    was    exhibited    to    the    Comrs.    for 

Cert,  asaforsd  approbation  &c.   An  order  of  the  Comissionrs   for 

By  propagation  of  the  Gospell  in  the  ffoure  Northeme 

Counties      whereby      Mr.     Richard      Tatham     of 

Th  Widdington  Heversham  in  ye  County  of  Westmerland  is  setled 
Tho.  Wilson  as    publique    preacher   there   And   to    receive    and 

John  Smith  enioy  the   Tithe   of   Barton  and   Cowby   in  Lease 

of  Kirkbey  from   the   late   Deane   &  Chapter  of   Carlisle  The 

Longdale.  tithe  Bame  of  Hartley  &  Musgrave  and  two  parts 

of  the  Tithe  Corne  of  Selsyde  and  Helbecke  as  in 

ye  said  order  is  exprest  The  Comrs  for  Approbation  of  publique 
preachers  being  thereunto  desired  in  the  behalfe  of  the  said  Richard 
Tatham  and  finding  him  to  be  a  person  qualified  as  in  and  by  the- 
ordinance  for  such  approbation  is  required  Doe  by  these  psents 
ratifie  conferme  and  allow  him  the  said  Richard  Tatham  to  continue 
as  publique  preacher  there  and  to  receive  possesse  and  enjoy  all  Rents 
duties  and  profitts  whatsoever  by  vertue  of  the  said  Order  setled 
upon  him  In  witnesse  whereof  they  have  caused  the  Comon  Seale 
to  be  hereunto  affixed  and  the  same  to  be  attested  by  the  hand  of  the 
Regester  by  his  Highnesse  im  that  behalfe  appointed.  Dated  at 
Whitehall  the  20th  day  of  November  1654.' 

Richd.  Tatham.  28  ffebr.   1654. 

The  like  order  for  Mr.  Richard  Tatham  of  Heversham  in  the 
County  of  Westmorland  upon  an  order  of  the  Comrs.  for  approbacon 
9  Maij   1654  directed  to  Westmland.^ 

Haversham.  April  5.  1655. 

Mr.  Tatham  ye  value  4011  allow  him  out  of  Warton,  Lanc.3 

Richard   Tatham   removed   to   Kirkby   Lonsdale,   being 
instituted  to  the  living  there  in  December,  1657. 

John  Wallace  or  Wallis,  M.A.,  in  1658. 

Calamy  gives  John  Wallis  as  an  Ejected  Minister  and 
states  that  he  "  preach'd  for  some  time  at  Kendal."     In. 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min),  997. 

2.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  G.  22  (Record  Office). 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  1021. 


Heversham 


977 


the  account  of  Kendal  it  was  shown  that  that  could  not 
have  been  the  case.     Calamj  adds  :  — 

He  is  reported  to  have  been  of  so  scandalous  a  life  in  several 
Respects,  that  his  Memory  is  not  worth  preserving  :  And  yet  I  was 
not  willing  wholly  to  omit  him,  least  it  should  be  charg'd  upon  me  as 
Partiality.^ 

Palmer  in  his  Edition  of  Calamy  repeats  this.  Every- 
thing points  to  the  fact  that  this  was  John  Wallace  of 
Heversham,  and  that  it  was  thence  that  he  was  ejected. 
He  appears  in  various  places  as  Wallace,  Wallas,  and 
Wallis. 

What  was  conjectural  up  to  this  point  has  been  proved 
to  be  true  by  the  discovery  at  the  last  moment  in  the 
Walker  MSS,  of  a  list  of  Ejected  Ministers  in  which 
Wallace  appears  against  Heversham. ^  It  is  strange  that 
Calamy  who  saw  this  list  should  have  departed  from  it. 
Previous  to  being  at  Heversham  he  was  at  Grasmere, 
his  Presentation  to  that  place  being  dated  July  28,  1653,. 
and  the  name  is  there  given  as  Wallace.  A  full  account 
of  the  charges  brought  against  him  is  given  under 
Grasmere.  ^  The  baptism  of  a  son  is  thus  recorded  in  the 
Heversham  Registers :  — 

1659  November  William  the  sonn  of  Mr.  John  Wallace  bapt.  the 
29th  Die. 

In  the  account  of  the  General  Sessions  for  the  County, 
April  20,  1663,  we  have  the  following,  but  unfortunately 
the  name  of  the  place  is  not  supplied  :  — 

Brian   Walker  one   of   the   Grand   Jury  doth   p'sent   John    Wallas- 
Clarke  for  not  readinge  the  order  of  Comon  prayer. 
Recog.   Johnes   Wallas    Cleric, 
recogn    xxl. 

Sur  Condicon  yt  ye  said  John  Wallas  shall  pscnally  appeare  at  ye 
said  Sessions  to  answer  such  mres  as  shall  be  obiected  agt  him,  in  ye 
means  time  to  be  of  good  behaviour  &c. 

1.  Calamy,  vol.  ii,  p.  753. 

2.  Vide  p.  80. 

3.  Vide  p.  1063. 


978 


The   Ejected    of  1662 


Order.  Lett  a  warrt  of  good  behaviour  goe  out  agt  John  Wallas 
Gierke  to  bringe  him  before  some  of  his  Majties  Justices  of  peace  to 
enter  recog.  for  his  app.  px  session  to  answere  such  mres  as  shall  be 
objected  agt  him  &c.^ 

John  Wallace  was  ejected  and  subsequently  imprisoned. 
The  reference  is  to  him  where  Daniel  Fleming,  who,  of 
course  would  know  him  well,  in  January,  1664,  speaks  of 
■"  Wallis  an  ejected  minister  sent  prisoner  to  appleby  for 
three  months  on  the  last  Act  of  Uniformity."  ^  The 
Wallaces  were  a  local  family  and  the  Crosthwaite  E-egis- 
iers  abound  with  the  name.  It  is  almost  certain  that 
John  Wallace  belonged  to  that  place. 

Thomas  Bigge,  1661 — 1677. 

The  E-estoration  secured  the  return  of  Thomas  Bigge. 
He  petitioned  the  House  of  Lords  for  this  in  June,  1660, 
and  his  suit  was  ultimately  successful.  The  following  is 
a  copy  of  the  Petition  :  — 

To  the  right  honrble  the  Lords  in 

Parliamt  Assembled 
The  humble  Petition  of  Thomas  Bigge  Gierke 
rector  of  Heversham  in  the  Gounty  of  Westmorland 
Sheweth 

That  your  Petitioner  was  about  18  [this  appears  to  have  been  rubbed 
out  and  written  in  later]  yeares  since  lawfully  presented  Instituted  and 
Inducted  to  the  rectory  aforesaid,  and  for  some  yeares  quietly  enioyed 
the  same  but  about  16  yeares  since  was  by  the  late  usurped  powers 
most  illegally  elected  and  kept  from  the  same  and  from  the  exercise 
of  his  ministeriall  duety  there  onely  for  his  Loyaltie  and  good 
affection  to  his  Matie  of  blessed  memory. 

I  attest  the  truth  of  this         Wherefore  your  Petitioner 
petition  and  subscription      humblely  prayeth  your  Lopps 
generall  order  for  the  securing 
of  the  tythes,  gleabes  and 
other  profitts  of  or  belonging 
to  the  said  rectory  into  the  hands  of 
the  Churchwardens  or  Overseers 
of  the  poore  of  the  seiid  parish 
untill  your  Petitioners  title 
shall  be  determined  by  due  course 
of  Law 

And  he  shall  ever  pray  &c 
Tho.  Bigge. 

I.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book.  2.  Vide  p.  114. 


■witness©  my  hand  ye 
1st  day  of  September 
Lancelott  Walker. 
J.  Bamards  Junr. 
holbum. 


Heversham  979 

These  are  to  Certify  whome  it  may  Conceme  That  Thomas  Bigge 
Gierke  was  legally  possessed  of  ye  Viccaridge  of  Hevsham  in  the 
County  of  Westmland  And  was  Sequestred  for  his  loyalty  to  his  late 
Majesty  of  blessed  memory  amd  yt  since  June  1644  he  hath  beene  kept 
from  possession  of  the  sd  Vickaridge. 

HEN.  SALKELD 
JOS  PATRICKSON 
RO.  CROFTS 
RICHARD   DUCKETT 
ANTHO  GARNETT. 

On  the  outside  of  this  dociimeiit  appears  tlie  following :  — 
d'd  ye  1st.  of  September  1660  the  petition  of  Thomas  Bigge  Clerke 
of  Heuersham  in  ye  County  of  Westmland.^ 

Besse  calls  him  Thomas  Briggs,  and  says  that  in  1664  at 
his  suit,  Robert  Story  and  some  other  Quakers  were  sued 
in  the  Exchequer  for  tithes,  "  but  that  after  their 
Apprehension,  it  was  discovered  that  the  Priest  had 
proceeded  illegally  against  them,  and  that  they  had  a 
manifest  Advantage  both  against  him  and  the  Commis- 
sioners for  their  false  Imprisonment :  Nevertheless  they 
rendred  not  Evil  for  Evil,  but  freely  forgave  them  having 
learned  the  Christian  Doctrine  of  loving  Enemies,  of 
doing  Good  to  those  that  hated  them,  and  praying  for 
those  who  despitefully  used  and  persecuted  them."  ^ 

He  appeared  and  exhibited  with  Tho.  Lodge  as  "Lud- 
magr."  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674.  Thos. 
Lodge  was  licensed  "Ludimagister  Literae  Scholae  Gram, 
p.  John.  Cest."  June  19,  1661. 

Thomas  Bigge  remained  at  Heversham  until  his  death.. 
The  Registers  note  his  burial  thus  :  — 

1676  Mr.  Tho.  Bigge  vicar  buried  March  the  19th. 

Walker   does   not   mention   him   among   his    Sequestered 
Clergy  . 

William  Burrell,  M.A.,  1677. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon,  December  22,  1672,  and  insti- 
tuted on  August  1st,  1677,  the  vacancy  being  caused  by 
the  death  of  Thomas  Bigge  . 

1.  House  of  Lords'  Library;  vide  also  H.M.C.,  7th  Rep.,  Pt.  I,  p.  105. 

2.  Sufferings  of  the  Quakers,  vol.  ii,  p.  13. 


•980  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Thomas  Milner,  1678. 

He  was  instituted  April  30,  1678,  on  the  resignation  of 
William  Burrell. 

Thomas  Eidley,  1686. 

He  was  instituted  April  1,  1686,  on  tlie  Presentation  of 
ihe  Master,  &c..  Trinity  College,  Cambridge. 

George  Farmer,  M.A.,  1691—1723/4. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  by  Thomas  of  Lincoln,  Sept.  21, 
1689,  and  on  the  same  Presentation  as  the  last  instituted 
and  inducted  on  the  same  day.  May  21,  1691,  by  Nicholas 
of  Chester,  the  vacancy  being  caused  by  the  death  of 
Thomas  Pidley.^  The  Registers  note  his  burial  thus:  — 
Burialls   1723/4  Feby.  7  The  Reverend  Mr.   Geo.  Fanner  vicar  of 

Hevrsham  Batchelor. 

1.  Vide  Act  Book  (Chester  Reg.)   for  these. 


lY.     BEETHAM. 

This  village  is  about  two  miles  south  of  Milnthorpe,  the 
nearest  station  being  Sandside.     The  Church  is  a  very  old 
ioundation,  and  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael.     The  oldest 
Register  Book  in  existence  begins  in  1604.     It  is  in  the 
form  of  a  roll,  and  in  a  most  dilapidated  condition,  having 
•evidently  been  much  exposed  to  damp.     A  copy  was  taken 
in  1769  in  reference  to  which  we  have  the  following :  — 
A  Copy  of  the  Register  of  Beetham  Church  drawn  by  me 
Wm  Hutton  vicar 
Memorandum.  1769. 

by  W.  Hutton  1769. 
I  believe  this  copy  of  the  Register  will  be  of  no  Service  in  point  of 
Law ;  however  It  will  preserve  from  oblivion  for  many  Years  such 
names  of  our  Forefathers  as  without  It  wou'd  have  very  soon  perished. 
Whoever  will  consult  the  oldest  of  our  Registers  wch  contains  a  Period 
from  1604  to  1658  will  see  how  near  It  is  arriv'd  to  a  State 
of  Illegibility  Whoever  examines  this  copy  by  It  will  see  the 
Difficulties  I  have  met  with  in  this  my  Labour;  and  here  I  must 
declare  that  as  the  love  of  my  mative  Parish  was  the  reason  of  my 
Undertaking  such  a  work  so  have  I  faithfully  executed  It ;  no  stranger 
cou'd  have  done  It;  for  my  Knowledge  of  the  names  of  families 
greatly  assisted  me:  and  without  this  had  been  familiar  to  me  I  must 
often  have  been  at  an  absolute  loss.  In  the  first  years  the  Hand- 
writing is  of  such  kind ;  that  It  took  me  much  time  to  study  the 
Letters  &  abreviations  A  copy  here  wou'd  have  been  of  no  Service,  a 
future  generation  cou'd  not  nave  Understood  It ;  Many  words  are  not 
therefore  wrote  in  the  same  character,  where  I  was  sure  that  I  knew 
the  name,  wherever  I  cou'd  not  be  positive  there  I  have  wrote  the 
words  a  true  copy  rather  than  pawn  upon  future  Times  a  wrong  name. 
For  an  example  of  the  difficulty  I  have  had  I  beg  my  Reader  to  look 
at  this  Copy  as  well  as  the  Original  in  Christenings  Augt  22d  1608. 
These  observations  will  only  hold  for  the  first  fifty  years,  thro  the 
whole  no  pains  have  been  spared  to  make  the  work  faithful  and 
accurate 

by  Wm.    Hutton 

Vicar  of  Beetham.^ 

1.  He  was  Vicar  of  Beetham  from  1762  to  1811,  and  left  in  MS., 
recently  published  (The  Beetham  Repository),  the  results  of  his  careful 
gleanings  about  his  native  Parish  during  those  long  years.  There  is, 
however,  little  in  the  pamphlet  bearing  upon  our  period. 


982  The   Ejected   of  1662 

It  was  this  copy  that  I  used  though  the  original  was  care- 
fully inspected.  Unfortunately  the  copyist  is  not  always^ 
faithful  to  the  original  spellings,  but  in  other  respects  the 
work  appears  to  have  been  carefully  done.  Nicolson  and 
Burn's  list  of  Incumbents  is  defective,  and  from  this- 
Whellan  has  copied.  The  following  covers  the  period 
with  which  we  are  concerned :  — 

Egbert  Had  win,  1588. 

He  was  instituted  November  4th  of  that  year. 

Edward  Halstead,  1607. 

He  was  instituted  August  6,  1607,  and  died  in  1612/3 
as  the  following  shows :  — 

Mr.  Halstead  vicar  of  Beetham  buried  the  xvth  of  January  1612. 

There  is,  however,  some  difficulty  in  reference  to  Edward 
Halstead's  career.  It  would  appear  that  for  some  reason 
or  other  he  had  had  to  relinquish  his  living  some  time 
previously,  and  that  Edward  Fisher  had  replaced  him. 
Such  seems  to  be  the  significance  of  the  following  entry 
in  the  Registers  :  — 

Memorand. 

That  Mr.  Edward  Halstead  did  reenter  his  Vicaradge  and 
charge  of  this  Book  at  Mr.  Fisher's  hande  the  te>nth  Day  of  January 
1611. 

Probably  this  is  the  person  who,  along  with  other  Clergy 
of  the  district,  figures  in  the  dispute  about  the  Church 
and  Rectory  of  Heysham  in  1607/8,  in  which  Thomas 
Calvert  was  plaintiff.^ 

Edward  Fisher,  1614—1642. 

He  was  instituted  January  17,  1614.  The  Fishers  were 
an  important  Kendal  family,  several  of  this  name  appear- 
ing as  Oxford  graduates,  though  the  Beetham  Incumbent 

1.  Ex.  Dep.  (Kecord  Society  Series),  vol.  xi,  p.  12. 


Beetham  983 

has  not  been  identified  with  any  of  them.     The  following- 
references  to  him  are  in  the  Registers  :  — 

All  alterages  and  Mortuaries  due  before  the  last  of  October  1615  & 
herein  before  expressed  discharged  by  Mr.   Edward  Fisher  upon  an 
Accompt  thats  due  taken  by  Anthony  Warde 
ffr  Dukett 

Anthony   Warde. 
Mem.  vis  viiid  by  Sr.  Edward  Fisher  and  allowed  in  his  wages  at 
Mych.   last  by   me  Ffr.    Duckett. 

At  the  foot  of  the  page  headed  burials,  in  1641,  is  the 
following  which  of  course  is  Mr.  Hutton's  :  — 

Observat. 

Many  of  the  Dates  in  this  year  are  irregular  and  placed  at  Random 
in  the  last  Pages  of  the  old  Register  from  Hence  till  the  year  1662 
I  can  only  find  a  few  names  as  follow  &  these  with  difficulty  I  have 
collated  from  the  confusion  in  wch  they  are  inserted. 

The  Heversham  Registers  give  the  baptism  of  Edward 
Fisher's  child  in  the  following  terms  :  — 

1619  February  Robertus  filius  Mr.  Edwardi  ffisher  bapt.  Febrij. 
tertio. 

In  the  Beetham  Registers  his  burial  entry  is  given 
thus  :  — 

Edwardus  Fisher  vicarius  de  Bethom  sepult  vicessimo  quinto  die 
Aprilis    1642. 

Reference  has  already  been  made  to  the  reinstitution  of 
Edward  Halstead  in  1612,  and  it  would  appear  that  up  to 
that  time  Edward  Fisher  was  in  charge.  Information, 
however,  in  relation  to  these  matters  is  too  scanty  to 
permit  of  a  clear  pronouncement.  The  County  Histories 
say  that  on  Edw.ard  Fisher's  death  he  was  succeeded  by 
George  Bennison,  but  at  least  one  other  person  held  the 
living  before  him. 

William  Moone  or  Mohun,  1644. 

This  is  quite  a  new  name,  but  his  Institution,  on  a 
Presentation  by  the  King,  was  on  June  10,  1644.  In  the 
"Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  he  is  named  in  connec- 
tion with  Beetham,  and  is  described  as  "  a  very  weake 


984  The   Ejected   of  1662 

and  unable  minr."     How  long  he  held  the  living  does  not 
appear  but  he  was  here  at  the  end  of  1648 :  — 
Beetham 

601i 
Beet.  ibm.  Decemb.  9th  Anno  Dom.  1648. 

By  vertue  &c  It  is  ordered  yt  ye  yearely  sume  of  50li  be  allowed  & 
paid  out  of  ye  pfitts  of  ye  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Beetham  in  the 
County  of  Westmrld  Sequestred  from  Anthony  Duckett  delinquent 
to  and  for  increase  of  ye  maintence  of  Mr.  Wm.  Mohun  Minister  of 
Beetham  aforesd  the  Vicarage  whereof  is  worth  but  13li  a  yeare 
And  ye  Seqrs  &c  as  ye  sd  pfRtts  shall  grow  &c.* 

George  Bennisox,  1664. 

In  the  Registers  we  have  the  following :  — 

Georgius  Bennison  et  Elizabeth  Bacchus  in  Matrimonio  Conjuncti 
nonadie  febru  A.D.  1647. 

There  can  be  little  doubt  that  this  was  the  person  in 
question ;  though  he  could  not  have  been  Vicar  at  the 
time.  Possibly  in  view  of  William  Moone's  condition  he 
became   such   shortly   after.      In   1661   it   is   stated  that 

"  Geo.  Bennison  vicar  and  John  Backhouse  and  John 

churchwardens "  bought  a  new  Register  Book  for  the 
"  Parish  of  Beethome  " ;  while,  in  1662,  occurs  the  burial 
entry  of  "  Elizabeth  filia  Georgii  Bennison  Clerici."  At 
the  Restoration  he  appears  to  have  conformed;  and,  as  in 
the  case  of  many  others,  made  his  position  doubly  secure 
by  seeking  reinstitution.  This  took  place  on  October  22, 
1662,  on  a  Presentation  by  the  King.  Xicolson  and  Burn 
say  that  he  resigned  in  1665;  but  he  was  gone  in  1664 
when  his  successor  was  appointed. 

John  Bhockbank,  1664. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  George  of  Chester,  Decem- 
ber 21,  1662 ;  Priest  by  the  same  December  20,  1663 ;  and 
instituted  on  a  Presentation  from  the  King  on  September 
13,  1664.     The  Registers  give  the  following:  — 

Johannes  filius  Johannis  Brockbanke  de  Haslerigg  in  Parochia 
Cartmell  in  Com.  Lane,  baptizatus  fuit  vigessimo  sexto  die  mensis 
Januarii  Anno  Dom.   1620. 

1.  Bodl.  MS.,  325. 


Beetham 


985 


In  reference  to  this,  Wm.   Hutton  makes  the  following 
"  observat."  :  — 

This  Register  seems  a  copy  of  one  at  Cartmell  entered  Here  by 
Mr.  Brockbanke  who  was  made  Vicar  a  little  after  1660. 

The  following  also  appears  in  the  Registers  :  — 

March  the  24th  (64)  accounted  wth  Mr.  John  Brockbanke  Vickar 
for  all  Marriages  Crestinnings  &  Burialls  for  this  year  (64)  In  all 
amounting  unto  -01-07-06.  Wharoff  Rec.  by  Mr.  Brockbanke  wch 
he  hath  accounted  the  day  and  date  above  written  unto  me  ffor  the 
sunie  off  -01-04-08.  The  rest  wharof  I  doe  acknowledge  the  date 
first    above    written 

By  mee 
James    Duckett. 

John  Brockbank  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Yicar  at  the 
Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  16T4.  He  obtained  a  license 
to  serve  the  Cure  of  Witherslack  on  June  23,  1671,  and 
held  this  in  conjunction  with  Beetham  for  some  time. 
Nicolson  and  Burn  say  that  he  resigned  Beetham  in  1670, 
but  that  must  be  incorrect,  though  he  subsequently 
removed  to  Witherslack,  where  he  remained  until  1712. 

In  the  "  Beetham  Repository  "  appears  the  copy  of  a 
"  Paper  to  shew  Futurity  the  Poverty  of  the  Vicarage  of 
Beetham  in  1670."  It  is  addressed  to  the  Bishop  of 
Chester  and  from  it  the  following  is  extracted  :  — 

About  five  years  since,  we  prevailed  with  Mr.  John  Brockbank  to 
become  our  Minister  who  having  obtained  his  Majesty's  Presentation 
has  since  been  call'd  on  for  First  Fruits  (which  in  the  King's  Books  are 
£13.  7.  6)  &  for  the  not  payment  of  them  (there  being  no  Vicarage 
Dues  to  raise  them  out  of,  which  made  him  conceive  the  payment  of 
them  belong'd  to  the  Impropriator  who  enjoys  all  the  Profits)  he  was 
■  lately  attached  by  a  writ  out  of  the  Exchequer  for  £26.  15.  0.  and 
is  now  a  Prisoner  in  Kendal  where  he  is  like  to  continue  to  our  great 
Prejudice  &  his  own  undoing  being  but  low  in  Estate,  &  in  danger 
also  to  be  caJl'd  on  for  Arrearages  of  Tenths  both  for  his  own  time 
&  his  Predecessors  nor  shall  we  hereafter  expect  any  Provision 
for  our  Souls,  which  will  certainly  encrease  the  number  of  Quakers 
who  are  already  too  numerous  in  these  parts  &  much  discourage  those 
who  are  desirous  of  means  of  Grace,  &  not  able  to  Travel  to 
other  Churches  under  all  which  Prejudices  we  have  no  hope  of 
redress  unless  by  your  Lordships  Power  and  Mediation.' 

1.  P.  162. 


986 


The   Ejected   of    1662 


A  person  of  this  name  was  at  Ingleton  in  1667.  John 
Brockbank's  son,  Thomas,  matriculated  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  October  24,  1687,  aged  18 ;  took  his  B.A.  in  1692 ; 
and  his  M.A.  from  St.  Mary  Hall  in  1694.i 

William  Jackson,  B.A.,  1683—1709. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  John  of  Chester  September 
22,  1672 ;  Priest  by  the  same,  September  21,  1673 ;  insti- 
tuted April  13,  1683,  and  inducted  the  same  day  by  the 
Bishop ;  and  obtained  a  Faculty  to  teach  the  School  in  the 
Parish,  September  22,  1673. ^  He  was  the  son  of  Eichard 
Jackson,  Rector  of  Whittington,  Lancashire,  and  was 
educated  partly  at  Sedbergh  and  partly  at  Kirkby  Lons- 
dale. He  entered  St.  John's  College,  Cambridge,  in 
1644.^  The  following  Jackson  entries  are  taken  from  the 
Registers :  — 

Gulielmus  Jackson  clericufi  et  Dorothea  Salkeld  Juncti  sunt  in 
conaiubio  octavo  die  Januarij  A.D.  1674. 

Tho.  filius  Gulielmi  Jackson  Vicarii  baptizatus  fuit  sexto  die  mensia 
Octobris  Anno  Dom.   1675. 

Judeth  filia  G.  Jackson  vicar  baptizata  fuit  quinto  die  mensia 
Decembris  Anno  Dom.  1676. 

Elizabetlia  filia  Gulielmi  Jackson  Clerici  baptizata  fuit  nono  die 
Junii  A.D.   1679. 

Maria  filia  Gulielmi  Jackson  Clerici  baptizata  fuit  duodecimo  die 
Octobris  Anno  Dom.  1681. 


All  these  follow  in  immediate  succession,  and  they  seem 
to  indicate  that  Jackson  had  already  charge  of  the  living 
at  an  early  date.  The  Act  Book,  however,  gives  his  Insti- 
tion  both  under  April  13  and  30,  1683,  on  the  Presentation 
of  the  King  "  per  lapsum."  Doubtless  the  explanation  is 
that  he  was  serving  as  Curate  for  Brockbank  until  1683, 
and  that  that  date  marks  Brockbank's  relinquishment  of 
the  living.  He  died  in  1709,  the  following  being  his 
burial  entry :  — 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  The  Act  Book    (Chester  Registry). 
3. '  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  80, 


Beetham 


987 


Gulielmus  Jackson  qui  fuit  hujus  Ecclesiae  Pastor  fidelissimus 
sepultus  erat  decimo  quarto  die  Septembris  1709  in  hac  Parochia  annoe 
ferme  quadraginta  curam  animarmn  habuit  obiit  Aetat.  68  et  nunc 
requiescit  in  Domino. 

This  district  was  early  affected  by  the  Quaker  move- 
ment,  and  that  it  long  found  considerable  support  here 
the  following  items  testify :  — 

In  1651.  I  find  Chr.  Bisbrown  of  Arnside  a  Churchwarden  but  he 
turned  Quaker  &  wou'd  not  act.  The  Court  fin'd  Him  5s.  [This  of 
course  is  Hutton's  entry  in  the  Registers.] 

Marriages  1664. 

Thomas  Preston  et  Agneta  Pie  de  Overthwaite  not  married  by  me 
but  taken  one  another  being  Quakers. ' 

Appeale.  Easter  1699. 

James  Whereas  it  appears  to  this   Court  upon  the  Appeale   of 

Kellett  James  Kellett  that  there  hath  been  Judgement  Granted  agt 
the  said  James  by  2  of  his  Maties  Justices  of  the  peace  at 
the  Complaint  of  William  Jackson  CI.  Viccor  of  the  parish 
&  parish  Church  of  Bethome  for  some  ptended  arreares  of 
Tyeth  &  small  dues  &  the  said  Wm.  Jackson  not  defending 
the  said  appeale  according  to  notice  given  It  is  therefore 
ordered  by  this  Court  yt  ye  said  Judgemt  be  Sett  aside  & 
made  void  &c.^ 

It  may  be  added  that  in  the  vestry  of  the  Church  is 
quite  an  interesting  collection  of  important  documents, 
together  with  a  considerable  library  of  old  books,  which 
would  probably  repay  careful  examination. 


1.  Beetham  Registers. 

2.  The  Kendal  Order  Book. 


V.     BURTON. 

Burton  lies  at  the  extreme  south  of  the  County  in  the 
valley  of  the  Ken,  on  the  old  Carlisle  Road.  The  Church 
is  dedicated  to  St.  James.  The  Registers  begin  in  1653 
as  the  following  shows  :  — 

This  register  begins  in  1653  during  ye  usurpation  of  Oliver  Cromwell 

two  ( ?)  years  after  the  death  of  Charles  I. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  make  no  attempt  at  a  list  of 
Incumbents ;  whilst  Whellan  begins  his  with  1655 ;  and 
it  is  not  accurate  at  that.  The  following  names  have 
been  obtained,  the  Chester  Act  Book  being  the  authority 
for  the  early  ones :  — 

Christopher  Hudson,  1579 — 1580. 

He  was  instituted  June  19,  1579,  on  the  resignation  of 
Richard  Patchett. 

J.  Williamson,  1580—1584. 

He  was  instituted  September  23,  1580,  on  the  death  of 
Hudson. 

H.  CuRWEN,  M.A.,  1584—1599. 

He  was  instituted  October  20,  1584,  on  the  death  of 
Williamson.  Foster  gives  the  following  respecting  him : 
"  M.A.  Cambridge,  incorp.  [Oxford]  14  July,  1584  (Henry 
Curway,  B.A.  from  St.  John's  Coll.  Cambridge,  1580), 
Yicar  of  Burton,  Yorks  [Lane],  1584,  perhaps  son  of 
William,  and  father  of  another  William,  who  died  Yicar 
of  Crosby  Ravensworth  early  in  April  1685,  aged  93."  ^ 

MiLo  Dawson,  1599—1622. 

He  was  instituted  Sept.  9,  1599,  on  the  death  of  Curwen. 

Henry  Johnson,  1622. 

He  was  instituted  February  27,  1622,  on  the  resignation 
of  Milo  Dawson,  and  was  here  in  1646,  being  referred  to 

1.  Al.  Ox. 


Burton 


989 


in  the  Westmorland  Certificate  as  "  minr  of  Burton,  one 
whoe  hath  formerlie  Complyed  wth  ye  enemie,  but  hath 
since  taken  the  Covent,  and  the  oath  of  the  5th  of  Aprill."^ 
How  long  he  remained  after  this  has  not  been  ascertained. 
The  following  refers  to  the  Augmentation  of  the 
Minister,  but  unfortunately  the  name,  if  any,  is  not 
given  :  — 

Burton  in  Kendall.  Julij   2.   1646. 

Ordered  that  the  yearly  sume  of  "  501i  be  pd  out  of  Impropriate 
tithes  of  Burton "  "  Sequestred  from  Sr  John  Preston  papist  to  & 
for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  the  Minister  of  the  pish  Church 
of  Burton  in  Kendall."     Vicarage  not  worth  above  321i  p.  Ann.^ 

There  is  some  difficulty  about  the  next  two :  — 


EicHARD  Croft, 

This  is  quite  a 
following  :  — 
Burton  in  Kendall 

Vicarage 
Rich.  Croft 
pres.  25.  Nov.  1653 
Rich.   Croft 
Cert,  as  aforesd  by 
John  Hewley 
Tho.  Heber  of 
Stainton 

Rich.  Jackson  of 
Whittijigham 
Rich,   ft'awcett  of 
London.* 


1653  (?). 

new  name,  but  the  authority  for  it  is  the 

Know  all  &c  the  ninth  day  of  June  in  the  yeare  1654 
There  was  exhibited  to  ye  Comrs  &c  a  presentation 
of  Richard  Croft  Clerke  to  ye  vicarage  of  Burton 
in  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmrland  Made 
to  him  by  George  Middleton  Esq.  the  patron 
Together  &c  ye  said  Richard  Croft  of  his  holy  &c 
approved  the  said  Richard  Croft  &c  admit  the  said 
Richard  Croft  to  the  vicarage  of  Burton  in  Kendall 
&c.  &  Incumbent.  In  witness  &c 
Dated  at  Whitehall  the  tenth  day  of  June  1654. 


Burton  in 
KendaU 


Ordr 

Nov. 

29 

1656. 


These  may  certify  whom  it  may  concerne  that  Mr.  Richard 
Croft  was  approved  and  admitted  the  10th  day  of  June 
1654  to  the  Viccarage  of  Burton  in  Kendall  in  the  County 
of  Yorke  [Westmorland]  by  the  Comrs  for  Approbacon  of 
publique  Preachers 

Whitehall   November 

ye  13th  1656.  Jo.  Nye  Regr.4 


1.  Vide  p.  109. 

2.  Bodl.  MS.   323. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)   997. 

4.  Ibid.,  968. 


990  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Burton    in 

Longsdale.  Decemb.  2.   1656. 

Whereas  the  parochiall  Chapell  of  Burton  in  Longsdale  in  the 
County  of  York  is  wthin  the  pish  of  Thornton  in  Longsdale  in  the 
said  County  &  the  Maintennce  belonging  to  the  Minister  thereof  is 
only  a  Stipend  of  Seaven  poundes  tenn  shillinges  a  yeare,  and  the 
Rectory  of  Thornton  aforesaid  pcell  of  the  possions  of  the  late  Deane 
and  Chapter  of  Worcester  is  come  unto  the  handes  of  these  Trustees 
by  the  Expiracon  of  the  lease  thereof  under  the  said  Deane  and 
Chapter,  and  the  Comttee  for  plundered  Minrs  having  the  23rd  of 
Sept.  1646  Graunted  An  Augmentacon  of  fforty  poundes  a  yeare  out 
of  the  profits  of  the  said  Rectory  for  increase  of  maintennce  unto  Such 
Minister  as  should  be  by  them  approved  of  to  ofiiciate  in  the  said 
Chappell  It  is  ordered  that  Mr.  Humfrey  Harwood  Recr  doe  continue 
and  pay  from  time  to  time  unto  Mr.  Richard  Croft  Minister  of  Burton 
in  Longsdale  aforesaid  (approved  according  to  the  Ordinance  for 
approbacon  of  publique  preachers)  the  said  yearely  Sume  of  fforty 
poundes  out  of  the  profitts  of  the  said  Rectory  for  such  time  as  he 
shall  descharge  the  duty  of  the  Minister  of  the  said  place  or  untill 
further  order  of  these  Trustees  Provided  that  this  order  be  first 
entered   wth   the   Auditor 

John  Thorowgood  John  Humfrey  Ra  Hall  Ri.  Sydenham  Richard 
Young. ' 

It  must  be  admitted  that  this  case  is  doubtful.  It  is 
quite  open  to  ask  if  the  scribe  has  not  blundered  in  the 
first  two  entries  writing  Burton  in  Kendal  for  Burton  in 
Lonsdale. 

John  Thexton,  1655. 

It  is  doubtful  if  he  immediately  followed  Henry 
Johnson,  and  the  date  would  certainly  appear  to  be  at 
fault;  but  it  is  the  one  given  among  some  notes  in  the 
Registers.  It  is  also  stated  that  he  was  here  about  seven 
years;  but  that  unmistakably  is  an  error  if  the  years  are 
to  be  reckoned  from  1655,  as  will  be  evident  from  what 
follows. 

Gerard  Browne,  B.A.,  1657 — 1664. 

This  is  an  extremely  interesting  character,  and,  in 
reference  to  him,  Foster  says :  "  S.  of  William  of  Wigan 
Co.  Lancaster,  pleb.  Brasenose  Coll.  matric.  15  Feb. 
1632-3,  aged  20;  B.A.  28  Nov.  1635  baptized  at  Wigan 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  988. 


I 


Burton  991 

9  June  1612,  vicar  of  Mottram  in  Longdendale,  Cheshire, 
1637,  until  ejected  in  1644,  vicar  of  Burton,  Westmorland 
1662."^  Gerard  Browne  was  a  good  Koyalist,  and  shortly 
after  the  outbreak  of  the  War  trouble  arose  for  him  in  his 
Church  at  Mottram.  The  opposition  was  led  by  Robert 
Worthington  of  Mottram,  Clerk,  and  William  Broadhead, 
Minister  at  Saddleworth,  who  represented  him  as  a 
scandalous  Minister ;  and  about  1643  he  was  forced  out  of 
the  pulpit.  Subsequently,  by  reason  of  his  refusal  of  the 
Covenant,  an  order  was  made  against  him  by  Harrison 
and  Angier,  and  confirmed  April  25,  1644,  by  the  Council 
of  War  and  the  Committee  for  the  County,  on  the  strength 
of  which  an  order  was  sent  by  Sir  William  Brereton  to 
bring  Browne  in  custody  to  Nantwich.  The  Royalists  in 
his  Parish  who  supported  him  had  as  leader  John 
Britland.  From  1644  to  1647  Browne  was  succeeded  at 
Mottram  by  one  Walker.  Browne  himself  appears  to 
have  gone  to  Aughton,  near  Ormskirk,  and  the  following 
testifies  to  his  having  been  Minister  there  some  years  in 
1647:  — 

Ormskirk  2.  1647. 

Wee  &c  certify  that  Mr.  Gerard  Browne  hath  for  some  years  past 
beene  minister  of  God's  word  at  Aughton  &  at  ye  Chappell  of  MaghuU 
during  which  tyme  he  hath  been  laborous  and  diligent  in  preaching, 
and  for  ought  we  know  of  good  Conversation  Willm  Dun  Jos. 
Thompson  Thos.  Johnson,  John  Rudd,  Wm.  Bell  of  Huyton,  John 
Fogg,  John  Worrall  this  day  approved  as  minister  of  Blackrod.^ 

Whilst  he  was  at  Blackrod  he  managed  to  conciliate 
the  Bury  Classis,  which  was  no  light  achievement,  for  it 
was  one  of  the  least  tolerant  of  all  the  Classes.  He  was 
still  at  Blackrod  in  1650,  and  a  good  character  is  assigned 
to  him  in  the  Survey  for  that  year.  Sometime  before 
1652  he  removed  to  Cockerham,  and  in  1657  he  was 
established  as  Minister  at  Burton.  The  Eegisteis  are  a 
witness  to  this  :  — 

Births. 

1657  Elizabeth  ye  daughter  of  Mr.  Gerard  Browne  Minister  of 
Burton  Dec.  6th  baptized  ye  13th  day. 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Bury  Classis  C.  S.  (N.S.),  vol.  36,  p.  44. 


992  The   Ejected   of  1662 

1660  Bridget    ye    daughter    of    Mr.  .  Gerard    Browne    Minister    of 
Burton  Boarne  ye  24th  day  of  Aprill  &  Baptized  Aprill  28. 

1661  Gerard  ye  sonne  of  Mr.   Gerard  Browne  Minister  of  Burton 
ye  first  day  of  November  [buried  ?]. 

Burial   1662   Frances   the  wife   of    Mr.   Gerard  Browne   Viccar   of 
Burton  in  Kendall  Sept.   27th. 

The  Act  Book  (Chester  E/Cgistry)  gives  J.  Fawcett  as 
instituted  September  28,  1660,  on  the  resignation  of  Mr. 
Anthony  therrheyte  (?).  It  is  difficult  to  know  the  mean- 
ing of  this.  Was  Gerard  Browne  in  some  way  for  a  time 
ejected?  It  is  quite  permissible  to  ask  the  question. 
Neither  Calamy  nor  Walker  has  anything  to  say  about 
him;  but  it  is  almost  certain  that  he  conformed.  In 
view  of  his  previous  character  he  would  find  no  difficulty 
in  doing  this.  Shortly  after  the  Uniformity  Act  came 
into  force,  on  October  22,  1662,  he  sought  a  new  Institu- 
tion, which  was  given  on  a  Presentation  by  "  Geo. 
Midleton  Ar."  He  remained  only  about  two  years  after 
this  and  from  this  point  he  becomes  lost  to  sight. 

John  Ormrod,  M.A.,  1664 — 1691. 

He  was  collated  by  the  Bishop  of  Chester,  August  9, 
1664.  Foster  says  that  he  was  the  son  of  Hoger  Ormrod. 
of  Lancashire,  husbandman.  Sizar  of  St.  John's  Coll. 
Cambridge,  April  30,  1656,  aged  17,  graduated  B.A., 
1659-60,  was  incorporated  M.A.  at  Oxford  July  14,  1663.^ 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

1671  Christenings  Anna  filia  John  Ormrod  January  28. 

He  was  Yicar  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674, 
and  Thos.  Wood  is  named  as  Parish  Clerk  and  School- 
master. Wood  was  licensed  by  Burwell,  Chancellor 
"  Ebor.,"  October  20,  1662.  Ormrod  died  in  1691,  as 
witness  the  Registers  :  — 

Sepult  Anno  1691  April  18  Johi  Ormrod  Vicar  de  Burton. 

John  Underwood,  1691 — 1694. 

He  was  instituted  July  27,  1691.  In  the  notes  in  the 
Registers  about  the  Incumbents  it  is  stated  that  he  was 
here  only  for  one  year.       That,   however,   is  wrong,   as 

1.  Al.  Ox. 


Burton  993 

appears  from  the  following,  which  have  also  an  interest  of 
another  kind  :  — 

Midsummer  1694. 

fforasmuch  as  it  doth  appear  to  this  Court  that  the  Churchwardens 
of  the  pish  of  Burton  in  Kendall  wthin  this  County  of  Westmland 
hath  expended  the  sume  of  Seven  pounds  Nineteen  shillings  &  sixpence 
for  the  psentacon  &  Conviction  of  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington 
for  desturbing  the  Minister  of  the  pish  of  Burton  aforesd  in  the  time 
of  divine  Service,  contrary  to  the  forme  of  the  Statute  in  that  ease 
made  &  pvided ;  It  is  therefore  ordered  that  the  severall  Inhabitants 
within  the  pish  of  Burton  aforesd  doe  pporconably  contribute  to  and 
with  the  said  Churchwardens  for  the  Expense  abovesd  &  pay  the 
same  to  the   said   Churchwardeois   accordingly.' 

Dawson  John 

Mittimus.  Midsummer  1694. 

Whereas  at  the  genrall  quarter  Sessions  of  the  yeare  holden  at 
Kirkby  Kendall  (by  adjoummt)  in  and  for  the  County  of  Westmrland 
aforesaid  the  twentieth  day  of  April  last  past  Before  Sr.  Daniel 
Fleming  Knt.  William  Fleming  &  Edward  Wilson  Esqrs  their  Maties 
Justices  of  the  peace  for  the  said  County ;  John  Dawson  of  Burton 
in  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Westmrland  aforesaid  yeom.  stood 
Indicted  for  that  he  the  Eight  day  of  April  in  the  Sixt  year  of  the 
Raigne  of  our  Soveraigne  Lord  and  Lady  William  &  Mary  by  the 
Grace  of  God,  King,  &  Queen  of  England,  Scotland,  ffrance  &  Ireland 
defendrs  of  the  ffaith  &c  Into  the  Parish  Church  of  Burton  aforesd 
did  voluntarily  and  wilfully  maleciously  and  Contemptiously  enter. 
And  in  time  of  Divine  Service  did  molest  &  desturb  John  Underwood 
CI.  viccar  of  Burton  aforesaid  to  the  great  disturbance  of  the  Con- 
gregation there  assembled,  against  the  forme  of  the  Statute,  made  in 
the  ffirst  year  of  the  Raigne  of  our  said  Sovaigne  Lord  &  Lady  the 
King  &  Queen  Intituled  (an  Act  for  exempting  their  Maties  Protestant 
Subjects  dissenting  from  the  Church  of  England  from  the  penaltyes  of 
certaine  Lawes)  In  great  Contempt  of  the  said  Statute  and  agt  the 
pea(?fe  of  our  said  Soveraigne  Lord  &  Lady  the  King  &  Queen.  To 
which  Indictment  At  the  Genall  quarter  Sessions  aforesaid,  the  said 
John  Dawson  appeared  and  entered  his  Traverse  and  pleaded  Not 
guilty  thereto  And  at  the  Genall  quarter  Sessions  of  the  peace  held  at 
Kirkby  Kendall  aforesd  this  day  in  &  for  the  said  County  of 
Westmland  the  said  John  Dawson  upon  Tryall  of  his  travers  &  upon 
full  evidence  was  for  the  said  offence  lawfully  convicted,  and  denyed 
to  pay  the  ffine  inflicted  by  the  said  Statute;  It  is  therefore  ordered 
&  adjudged  by  this  Court  that  the  Keeper  of  their  Maties  Gaole  for 
the  County  aforesaid,  doe  forthwith  take  into   Custody  the  body  of 

1.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 


994  The   Ejected   of  1662 

the  said  John  Dawson,  and  convey  him  to  their  Maties  Gaole  afore- 
said and  him  prserve  in  the  said  Gaole  safely  to  keep,  untill  he  shall 
from  thence  be  discharged  by  due  Course  of  Law  and  pay  such  fl5ne 
as  by  ye  said  Statute  he  is  enjoyned  &  hereof  the  said  Gaoler  is  not 
to  faile  at  his  perill 

P  sig 

Atkinson  Clio  pace  ibm. 

There  is  a  similar  one  for  Isaac  Penington  on  the  same 
day  and  in  the  same  place,  and  then  the  following :  — 

Attorney  Genall  Whereas  I  have  reed  A  warrant  undr  his  maties 

Warrt  to  Royall  Signe  Manuall  Countersigned  by  his  Grace 

acknowledge  the    Duke    of    Shrewsbury,    dated    the   4    Instant 

Satisfaccon  (mentioning  that  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington 

of  ye  Judgmt  had   by  their  peticon   represented   unto   his  Matie 

in  John  Dawson  that  they  were  at  the  Quarter  Sessions  held  at 
and  Isaac  Kendall  in  the  County  of  Wetmorland  in  July  last 

Penington.  ffined  Twenty  pounds  each  And  were  then  Comitted 

to  Gaole  till  payment  thereof,  and  that  they  have 
remained  in  Prison  ever  since)  comanding  me  to  acknowledge  Satis- 
faccon upon  Record  ot  the  Judgmt  for  the  ffine  of  Twenty  pounds 
Sett  upon  the  said  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington,  and  to  give  Such 
other  directions  as  shoula  be  necessary  in  order  to  ffree  and  descharge 
them  from  the  said  ffine  and  Imprisonmt  These  are  therefore  to 
Authorize  &  desire  you  forthwith  to  acknowledge  Satisfaccon  upon 
Record  of  the  said  Judgemt  for  the  said  ffine  of  Twenty  pounds  Sett 
upon  the  said  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington  and  to  give  such  other 
directions  as  shall  be  neccessary  in  order  to  ffree  and  discharge  them 
from  the  said  ffine  &  Imprisonmt  And  for  Soe  doeing  this  shall  be  yor 
warrt.     Given  under  my  hands  the  8th  day  of  May  1695 

Edw.  Ward. 

To  the  Gierke  of  the  Peace  for  the  County  of  Westmoreland  or  his 

deputy. 
Westmland. 
Dawson  John  &  Whereas  at  the  Genall  Quarter   Sessions   of  the 

Penington  Isaacs  peace  held  at  Kirkby  Kendall  (by  adjournmt)  in 
Liberty.  and    for    the    County    aforesaid    the    20th    day    of 

April  1694  John  Dawson  of  Burton  in  Kendall  in 
ye  County  aforesd  yeom.  &  Isaac  Penington  of  ye  same  in  the  said 
County  yeom.  Stood  Indicted  for  that  they  the  Eight  day  of  April  in 
the  Sixt  year  of  the  Raigne  of  or  [our]  Sovaigne  Lord  &  Lady  King 
William  &  Queen  Mary,  over  England  &c  w^thin  the  pish  Church  of 
Burton  aforesd  did  voluntarily  &  wilfully  maletiously  &  contemptiously 
enter,  and  in  time  of  Divine   Service  did  Molest  and   disturb  John 


Burton  995 

Underwood  Viccor  of  Burton  aforesaid  to  the  great  disturbance  of  ye 
Congregation  there  assembled  agt  the  forme  of  the  Statute  in  that 
case  made  and  pvided.  To  which  Indictmt  at  the  Genall  quarter 
Sessions  aforesd  they  the  said  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington  severally 
appeared  &  entered  their  Traverse  and  pleaded  not  Guilty  thereto 
And  at  the  Genall  quarter  Sessions  of  the  peace  held  at  Kirkby 
Kendall  aforesaid  in  and  for  the  said  County  the  tenth  day  of  July 
in  the  sixt  year  of  the  King  and  Queen  aforesd  before  Sr  Daniel 
ffleming  Knt  William  Fleming  &  Edward  Wilson  Esqrs  his  Maties 
Justices  of  the  peace  for  the  said  County  the  said  John  Dawson  & 
Isaac  Penington  upon  Tryall  of  their  Traverse  and  upon  full  Evidence 
were  for  the  said  offence  lawfully  Convicted  and  denyed  to  pay  the 
sume  of  Twenty  pounds  ffine  inflicted  upon  each  of  them  by  the  said 
Statute,  whereupon  they  were  Committed  to  the  Comon  Gaole  at 
Appleby  for  the  said  County  untill  they  should  sevally  pay  the  said 
ffine  of  201i  or  be  thence  discharged  by  due  Course  of  Law ;  And 
whereas  I  have  reed  A  warrt  undr  the  hands  of  his  Maties  Attorney 
Generall  bearing  date  the  Eight  day  of  May  last  past,  thereby 
shewing  that  by  vertue  of  A  warrt  undr  his  Maties  Royall  Signe 
manual  Countersigned  by  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Shrewsbury  dated 
the  ffourth  day  of  May  aforesd  the  said  Attorney  Genall  was  Comanded 
to  acknowledge  Satisfaccon  upon  record  of  the  Judgemt  for  the  ffine 
of  Twenty  pounds  Sett  upon  the  Said  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington 
and  to  give  such  other  directions  as  should  be  necessary  in  order  to 
ffree  &  descharge  them  from  the  said  ffine  &  Imprisonmt  And  whereas 
the  said  Attorney  Generall  by  his  warrt  aforesd  hath  authorized  me 
forthwith  to  acknowledge  Satisfaccon  upon  Record  of  the  said  Judgemt 
for  the  said  ffine  of  Twenty  pounds  Sett  upon  the  said  John  Dawson 
&  Isaac  Penington  and  to  give  Such  other  directions  as  shalbe 
necessary  in  order  to  free  &  descharge  them  from  the  said  ffine  & 
Imprisonmt  These  are  therefore  to  Acquaint  you  that  in  pursuance  & 
in  obedience  to  the  sd  warrt  from  the  saide  Attorney  Genall  I  have 
acknowledged  Satisfaccon  of  and  upon  Record  of  the  said  Judgemt 
for  the  said  ffine  of  Twenty  pounds  sett  upon  the  said  John  Dawson 
&  Isaac  Penington  as  aforesd  And  you  are  hereby  desired  to  sett  at 
liberty  the  bodyes  of  the  said  John  Dawson  &  Isaac  Penington  (if 
for  that  &  noe  other  cause  you  detaine  them)  and  this  shalbe  yr 
warrt.     Given  undr  my 

hand  this  ffirst  day  of  June 
Anno  Dni  1695, 

Atkinson    Clio    pace   ibm. 

To  the  Keeper  of  his  Maties  Gaol^ 
for  the  County  aforesd.' 

1.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 


996  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Thomas  Barbon,  1694— 1722. 

He  was  instituted  September  22,  1694,  on  tlie  resigna- 
tion of  John  Underwood.  An  entry  in  the  Registers 
states  that  he  was  educated  at  Dublin,  had  been  an  ensign 
in  the  army,  was  present  at  the  Battle  of  the  Boyne,  made 
King's  preacher,  and  removed  from  Burton  to  Cockerham. 
He  appears  in  the  list  of  "  the  Sevall  psons  that  tooke  the 
Othes  &  Subscribed  the  Test  at  this  Sessions  [Xmas, 
1694]";  and  is  there  described  as  "  CI.  viccar  of  Burton  in 
Com.  afsd."  ^  Baines  says  that  he  was  instituted  to 
Cockerham  July  2,  1722,  and  died  there  in  1737. ^  Under 
Ellel,  the  date  not  given,  but  it  must  be  somewhere 
between  1722  and  1727,  Tho.  Barbon,  Vicar  of  Cockerham, 
is  represented  as  nominating  his  son,  Robert  Barbon, 
baptized  at  Burton,  June  4,  1703,  to  be  Curate  of  Shires- 
head  (vacant  by  the  death  of  Mr.  Wilson)  and  of  the 
Parish  Church  of  Cockerham.^ 

1.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Books. 

2.  Hist,  of  Lane.   (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  494 

3.  The  Visitation  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


YI.     OLD  HUTTON. 

This  was  one  of  the  numerous  Chapelries  belonging  to 
the  mother  Church  of  Kendal,  from  which  town  it  is 
distant  about  four  miles  in  a  south  easterly  direction. 
As  previously  intimated  no  attempt  is  made  in  this  work 
to  give  a  list  of  men  who  served  these  Chapelries,  which 
were  plentifully  scattered  over  the  two  Counties ;  but  Old 
Hutton  is  singled  out  for  exceptional  treatment,  because 
Calamy  gives  in  connection  with  it  an  Ejected  Minister. 

The  following  is  his  statement:  — 

Hutton  Chapel  in  Kendal  Parish.  Mr.  Greenwood  :  He  was  much 
valu'd  as  a  Preacher  :  But  accus'd  of  some  Things  that  were  scanda- 
lous,  by   which   his  Memory   is  blacken'd.^ 

This  statement  is  repeated  by  Palmer  in  both  of  his 
Editions,  except  that  he  incorrectly  writes  "  Hatton  "  for 
"Hutton."  Similarly  respecting  John  Wallace  of  Hevers- 
ham  ;2  and,  whatever  else  it  does,  it  serves  to  show  that 
Calamy  was  not  wishful  to  add  all  and  sundry  to  his  list 
with  a  view  to  inflating  his  numbers. 

Ministerial  Augmentation  was  granted  to  this  place  in 
1646,  but  no  name  of  any  Minister,  if  any  was  then 
resident,  is  given  :  — 

Hutton.  Sept  2.    1646. 

Yearly  sum  of  301i  for  increase  of  such  Minister  as  Com.  shall 
approve.' 

The  attention  of  the  Commissioners  for  the  Propagation 
of  the  Gospel  in  the  Four  Northern  Counties  was  directed 
to  its  destitute  condition  in  1653,  according  to  the 
following  :  — 

1.  Calamy,  vol.  ii,  p.  752. 

-2.  Vide  p.  977.  ■ 

3.  Bodl.  MS.,  323. 


998  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Newcastle  upon 

Tyne. 

By  the  Comrs.  for  propagating  of  the  Gospell  in  the  fower 
Northerne  Countyes  of  Northumberland,  Cumberland,  West- 
mland  and  Durham.     March  31st.  1653. 

Old  Hutton, 

Whereas  there  is  exceeding  great  want  of  a  preaching  Minister  att 
Old  Hutton  in  the  County  of  Westmerland  It  is  therefore  ordered 
that  the  Tythes  of  Preston  patricke  parcell  of  the  Recory  of  Burton 
seqrd.  for  the  Delinquency  of  Sr  John  preston  and  the  Tythes  of 
Crackenthroppe  in  Lease  from  the  late  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Carlisle 
bee  setled  upon  Roger  Bateman  Esqr.  and  the  Churchwardens  of  Old 
Hutton  aforesaid  for  the  time  being  to  and  for  the  Maintennce  of  a 
godly  and  able  Ministr.  att  Old  Hutton  aforesaid  the  said  Minister 
to  bee  first  approved  by  the  Comittee  for  Plundred  Ministers  or  att 
this  board  or  by  any  other  way  as  the  Parliament  to  that  end  shall 
appoint. 

Tho  Lamplugh  Hen.  Horsly  Henry  Ogle  Jo.  Ogle  Edw.  Briggs  Lu. 
Rillingworth  Willm  Dawson  Tho.  Cholmley  Tho.  Langhorne  Jo.  Archer 
Edw.  Winter  Wilhn  Mawson. 

Entd.  Anth.  Parsons.' 

Precisely  when  Greenwood,  whose  name  was  James,  was 
appointed  is  not  clear.  It  must,  however,  have  been 
shortly  after  this  as  witness  the  following :  — 

Old   Hutton. 

The  like  for  Mr.  James  Greeoiwood  of  Old  Hutton  in  the  County 
of  Westmerland  Dated  att  Whitehall  the  6th  day  of  September  1654. 

Jo.  Nye.  Regr.* 

April  24.  1655. 

Old  Hutton.  Col.  Banes  moves  for  an  Augmentacon  out  of  Warton. 
Mr.  Greenwood  Minister  there.     Consider  of  it  wth  the  rest.' 

We  read  also  of  a  Minister  at  Old  Hutton  in  1656, 
whose  Augmentation  was  £31 — 6 — 0 ;  and  again  about  1657 
he  is  definitely  referred  to  as  "  Ja.  Greenwood  "  of  "  Old 
Hutton  in  Kendal,"  with  £33.  13.  4d.  as  Augmentation. 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.   Min.),  1006. 

2.  Ibid., 968. 

3.  Ibid.,  1021. 


Old    Hutton 


999 


The   "  Kendal   Indictment   Book "   supplies   us   with  the 
following  interesting  information  respecting  him  :  — 

Sessions  Oct.  5.  1655  at  Kendal. 

Upon  the  representation  of  James  Greenwood  Gierke  Minr  of  old 
hutton  setting  forth  sundrieye  misdemeanrs  of  Thomas  Hunter  an 
Alehouse  keeper  in  ye  Constablewick  and  of  ye  disorders  in  his  house 
since  by  an  order  of  ye  Last  Sessions  he  was  discharged  from 
brewinge  and  ffined  in  Twenty  Shillinges  It  is  ordered  that  in  regard 
ye  said  Hunter  is  verie  poore  (as  hath  beene  made  appeare  to  ye 
Court  this  day)  that  ye  ffine  be  lessened  to  Three  Shillings  four  pence 
and  after  paiemt.  thereof  he  to  be  discharged  of  ye  whole  And  tis 
further  ordered  that  ye  Gonstable  of  old  hutton  descharge  ye  said 
Hunter  from  brewinge  and  carrie  him  forthwth  before  John  Archer 
Esqr.  to  enter  Recognizance  with  good  Suertyes  not  to  brew  anie  more 
for  three  years  to  Comence  from  ye  time  of  ye  said  descharge. 

Recog.  taken  in  Gourt  at  this  Sessions. 


Geaierall  Sessions  Oct.  8.  1658. 

The  first  daie  of  August  1658 

Beinge  ye  Lordes  daie  at  Old  hutton  Ghaple  in  ye 

sd  County  James 

Greenwood  Gierke  Minr.  of  ye 

Gospell  in  his  Sermon  Preachinge 

and  Collation  (?)   to  ye  Congregacon 

then  and  there  assembled  did  desturbe 

and  to  ye  Great  desturbance  of  ye  Congregacon. 


She  submitted 
fine  2s 
Jane 

Waugh^   of 
Kendall 
Spinstr 
appeared 
She  refused 
to   Submitt 
or  Travse  and 
she  Stands 
Comitted. 

What  the  things  were  of  which  James  Greenwood  was 
accused,  and  which  helped  to  "  blacken  his  memory,"  we 
have  no  means  of  knowing.  It  may  be  that  the  reference 
is  to  the  litigation  just  named.  It  is  possible  that  what 
happened  is  that  a  certain  measure  of  opprobrium,  as  the 
result  of  litigation,  clung  to  his  name.  If  this  was  all  the 
fact  testifies  again  to  Calamy's  anxiety  to  keep  his  list  of 
Ejected  Ministers  as  accurate  and  clean  as  possible.  All 
trace  of  James  Grreenwood  after  this  is  lost. 

1.  Jane  Waugh  was  a  Quaker  and,  in  company  with  Anne  Audland, 
she  was  at  Banbury  in  1654-5  in  the  interests  of  the  faith  which  she 
had  adopted.  Vide  "  The  First  Publishers  of  the  Truth"  for  additional 
information  respecting  her. 


O 


looo  The   Ejected    of   1662 

To  this  may  be  appended  the  names  of  two  or  three 
persons  who  are  known  to  have  served  the  Cure. 

William  Whitwell,  1630. 

The  Kendal  Parish  Registers  note  his  burial  thus  :  — 
September  1630  Willm  Whittwell  late  Curat  of  Ould  Hutton  iiij  die. 

PosTHUMius  Wharton,  1674. 

He  was  Curate  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674. 
A  person   of   this   name,   probably  the   same,    was   Head 
Master  of  Sedbergh  Grammar  School  about  this  time. 

Edmund  Lodge,  1677. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  May  23,  1670;  Priest  June  2, 
1672;  and  was  licensed  to  teach  the  Grammar  School. 

Edward  Nicholson,  1687. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Edward  of  Carlisle  March 
11,  1676 ;  obtained  a  Faculty  to  exercise  the  gift  of  "Ludi- 
magister,"  June  6,  1684,  and  to  serve  the  Cure,  August  13, 
1687.  Under  date  August  15,  1687,  Bishop  Cartwright,  in 
his  "  Diary  "  says  :  — 

I  gave  a  license  to  Mr.  Edward  Nicholson  to  supply  the  Chapel  of 

Old    Hutton   in    Westmorland    on    Mr    Fenton's    Commendation    of 

Lancaster.^ 

He  was  still  here  in  1696. ^ 

The  following  relating  to  the  Schoolmaster  here  may  be 

added. 

Old  Hutton.  April  26.  1655. 

Applicacon  being  made  to  these  Trustees  for  allowing  the  Sume  of 
ffower  pounds  sixtiene  shillinges  &  eight  pence  a  yeare  out  of  the 
Tithes  of  Bongate  in  the  County  of  [blank]  parcell  of  the  possions  of 
the  late  D6ane  &  Chapter  of  Carlisle  to  the  Scholmr  of  Old  Hutton 
in  the  said  County  according  to  the  Ordr  of  the  Comrs  for  propagation 
of  the  Gospell  in  the  fower  Northeme  Counties  It  is  ordered  that 
upon  giving  the  Trustees  an  Account  of  the  arrears  of  profitts  due 
since  the  first  of  April  1653  &  Satisfaccon  concerning  the  pnte 
Schoolemr  the  Trustees  will  take  into  Consideracon  the  settlement  of 
the  said  Allowance. 

Edw.   Hopkins  Jo.  Pocock  Jo.   Humfrey  Ra.  Hall  Ed.   Cressett.  3 

1.  Camden  Soc.  (O.S.).  vol.  22,  p.  72. 

2.  Vide  p.  951. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.   Min.),  1008. 


Old    Hutton  looi 

Old  Hutton.  June   4.    1655. 

Whereas  ye  Comrs  for  ppagacon  of  ye  Gospell  in  ye  fewer  Northerne 
Counties  have  by  their  Ordr  of  ye  31st  of  May  1653  Graunted  ye 
Tithes  of  Bongate  in  ye  County  of  Westmerland  pcell  of  ye  possions 
of  ye  late  Deane  &  Chapter  of  Carlisle  &  in  lease  at  ye  rent  of  fewer 
poundes  Sextiene  shillinges  &  eight  pence  a  yeare  for  increase  of  ye 
Maintennce  of  ye  Schoelemr  of  old  Hutton  in  ye  said  County  &  Mr. 
Hugh  Bonkin  Schoolemr  of  ye  said  Schoole  hath  praied  ye  Continu- 
ance thereof  with  the  arreares  yett  unpaid  him.  It  is  ordered  yt  ye 
said  yearely  Sume  of  fower  poundes  Sixtiene  shillinges  &  eight  pence 
be  continued  unto  ye  said  Mr.  Bonkin  from  time  to  time  for  Such 
time  as  he  shall  discharge  ye  duty  of  ye  Schoolmr  of  ye  said  Schoole 
or  further  ordr  of  these  Trustees  to  be  accompted  from  ye  25th  day 
of  March  last  past  And  Mr  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recvr  is  hereby 
appointed  &  Authorized  to  pay  ye  same  unto  him  accordingly. 
•  Edw.  Cressett  Ra.  Hall  Ri.  Sydenham  Jo.  Humfrey.  Jo.  Pocock.  l 

1.   Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.   Min.),  972. 


YII.     FIEBANK. 

Firbank  is  a  small  Chapelry  about  two  and  a  balf  miles 
from  Lowgill  Station  and  some  seven  miles  from  the  mother 
Church  at  Kirkby  Lonsdale.  The  present  building  is 
comparatively  new  and  lies  near  the  road  leading  to 
Kirkby  Lonsdale.  The  Churchwardens  and  Overseers' 
Accounts  begin  about  1754.  The  book  is  somewhat 
dilapidated  being  made  of  paper  only;  and  the  Registers 
begin  with  June,  1746,  the  earlier  ones  being  included  in 
those  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale.  The  main  interest  of  Firbank 
Chapel  lies  in  the  fact  that  it  was  the  Mecca  of  the  Quaker 
movement  in  the  north.  It  was  the  gate  through  which 
George  Fox  entered  Westmorland,  and  thence  Cumber- 
land. The  old  Firbank  Chapel  was  more  than  a  mile 
away  on  the  summit  of  the  hill  overlooking  the  present 
structure,  whence  the  view  is  as  extensive  as  it  is  impres- 
sive. The  visit  of  George  Fox  was  paid  in  1652  when  a 
thousand  people  are  said  to  have  assembled,  and  Francis 
Howgill  and  John  Audland  are  named  as  preachers  at  the 
place.  These  eventually  became  converts  to  the  new  move- 
ment, and  among  its  most  faithful  and  enthusiastic  Mis- 
sionaries. The  career  of  these  two  men  previous  to  this 
point  is  unknown;  but  there  were  Chapels  also  at  Preston 
Patrick  and  Grayrigg,  as  well  as  Firbank,  in  which  they 
may  have  ministered.  Firbank  Old  Chapel  has  quite  dis- 
appeared, though  the  outline  of  its  foundations,  overgrown 
with  grass,  might  be  recovered  with  no  great  difficulty.  It 
is  a  square  about  a  quarter  of  an  acre  in  extent  surrounded 
by  a  wall.  In  it  are  some  seven  fir  trees  and  five  tomb- 
stones, the  inscriptions  upon  the  latter  being  quite  illegi- 
ble, except  two  with  dates  1800  and  1745  respectively.  The 
School,  which  was  exceedingly  small,  was  in  one  corner  of 
the  enclosure,  signs  of  the  doorway  being  still  visible  in 
the  encompassing  wall.     There  are  persons  in  the  Parish 


Firbank  1003 

jet  living  who  remember  meeting  in  it,  when  straw  was 
used  as  a  carpet.  The  Chapel  was  supposed  to  stand  in 
the  centre  of  the  Parish.  From  a  piece  of  rock  opposite, 
George  Fox  preached,  on  the  memorable  occasion  of  his 
visit,  to  the  assembly  with  most  remarkable  results.  A 
somewhat  recent  enquiry  about  the  holder  of  the  Curacy 
of  Firbank  Chapel  in  1652  dreAv  from  the  Registrar  of  the 
Chester  Registry  the  following  reply  :  — 

After  a  rather  troublesome  search  in  the  Registry,  1  have  to  inform 
you  that  I  cannot  find  anything  to  show  who  was  the  Curate  of  this 
Chapel  at  the  date  mentioned  in  your  letter,  i.e.,  1652.  The  earliest 
record  I  find  of  Curates  of  this  Chapel  is  a  Nomination  of  one  Mr. 
William  Stephenson  on  the  removal  of  the  late  Curate  from  that 
Chapel,  and  which  bears  date  the  12th  June  1691.^ 

Of  course  there  could  be  no  record  at  that  date  because 
episcopal  operations  were  in  suspensu. 

R.  Nicholson  was  here  in  1698  exhibiting  letters  of 
ordination  as  a  Deacon  May  30th  of  that  year. 

1.  Westmorland  Note   Book,  vol.   i,   Pt.  i,  p.    4. 


VIII.     KILLINGTON. 

This  is  a  mere  hamlet  consisting  of  a  few  cottages  some 
four  miles  south  of  Sedbergh.  The  nearest  station  is 
Middleton  from  which  it  is  distant  a  little  over  a  mile ;  but 
this  involves  crossing  the  Lune  by  means  of  a  primitive 
looking  punt,  which  a  neighbouring  farmer  ferries  across 
from  the  other  side  on  being  called.  The  Church  is 
hidden  among  trees,  and  is  close  by  Killington  Hall,  now 
in  a  ruinous  condition.  It  is  dedicated  to  All  Saints,  and 
the  following  gives  the  date  of  the  earliest  Registers 
extant,  whose  writing  is  very  minute,  but  fairly  legible : 
The  Register   booke   of    Killington   Anno    Dom.    1619    of    all  the 

Weddinges,  Christninges  burialls  within  Killington. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  make  no  attempt  at  a  list  of 
Incumbents,  and  Whellan  begins  with  1720.  The  follow- 
ing is  the  list  for  the  Cejitury  with  which  we  are 
concerned  :  — 

Thomas  Bousfield,  1612. 

It  is  not  quite  certain  that  this  name  should  be  inserted ; 
but  he  appears  to  have  been  resident  here  when  his  son, 
Joseph  Bousfield,  Minister  of  Crosby  Garrett,  was  born  in 
1612.     He  was  afterwards  at  Windermere.^ 

Richard  Benson,  1618 — 1625. 

These  dates  are  only  approximate,  the  following  being 
the  evidence :  — 
1618  Januarij. 

Bap.  Hanno  benson  fil  Mr.  benson  Cler.  t€rtio  die  Apud  Ejllingtcn.* 
1624  Christninges. 

Kate  Benson  daughter  of  Richard  Benson  Clarke  bapt.  April  25tiu 
1624  Burials. 

1.  Vide  pp.  1037,  1093. 

2.  Kirkby  Lonsdale  Registers. 


Killington  1005 

Kate  Benson  daughter  of  Richard  Beoison  Clarke  buried  Decemb. 
vith. 

1625  Samuell  Benson  Sonne  of  Richard  Benson  Clarke,  bap.  Octob. 
xvith.  ^ 

The  Bensons  were  numerous  along  the  West  Cumbrian 
coast  in  particular. 

Samuel  Harrison,  1634—1657. 

These  dates  again  are  only  approximate.  The  follow- 
ing appear  in  the  Registers  :  — 

1634  Samuel  Harrison  Minister  of  Killington  &  Margaret  Walker 
married  Januarie  xvii. 

1636  William  Harrison  sotnne  of  Samuel,  Clarke,  Preacher  of  Kill- 
ington bapt  June  xith. 

1637  Joseph  Harrison  sonne  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Clarke,  bap. 
Januarie  xxith. 

1639  John  Harrison  sonne  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Clarke,  preacher  of 
Killington  bap.  decemb.  29th. 

1642  Samuel  Harrison  Sonne  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Clarke,  preacher 
of  Killington  baptized  Julie  xiith. 

1642  Samuel  Harrison  Sonne  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Preacher  of 
Killington  bur.  Septemb.  28. 

1644  Rebecca  Harrison  daughter  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Clarke,  baptiz. 
Julie  the  3rd. 

1647  Sarah  Harrison  daughter  of  Samuel  Harrison,  Clarke,  preacher 
of  Killington  baptized  Decemb.   5th. 

Previous  to  his  Killington  ministry  Harrison  seems  to  have 
been  Curate  at  Aldingham  for  some  time.  The  Registers 
there  give  his  name,  but  in  two  or  three  cases  the  page  is 
torn  or  illegible  at  the  place.  At  the  foot  of  the  page 
containing  the  marriage  entries  for  1540  are  the  words  in 
a  different  hand :  "  By  me  Samuell  Harrison  Curat  Ibm," 
which,  of  course,  will  mean  that  he  signed  that  page  as  a 
correct  record.  Under  1617,  which  probably  indicates  the 
date  of  his  Curacy,  he  signs  the  same  Registers  as  such. 
In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  he  is  simply 
referred  to  as  ''  mnr  of  Killington."  A  note  about  his 
Augmentation  is  given  in  the  following  :  — 

1.  Killington  Registers. 


ioo6  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Westmerland.  Julij   3.  1647. 

Killington  and  Whereas  this    Comittee    have   the    22th    day    of 

Middleton.  Aprill  1646  graunted  (inter  als)  401i  a  yeare  out  of 

the  profitts  tithes  &  Revenues  of  the  Impropriate 
Rectorie  of  Kirkby  Longsdale  in  the  Countie  of  Westmorlajid  wch 
were  sequestred  from  Sir  Henry  Bellingham  &  Captaine  Thomas  Wilson 
Delinquents  sevrall  lessees  thereof  from  &  under  Trynitie  Colledge  in 
Cambridge  to  &  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  Mr.  Samuell 
Harrison  minister  of  the  Chappell  of  Killington  annexed  to  the 
Church  of  Kerkby  Longsdale  aforesaid  his  pnte  maintennce  being  but 
vjli  vjs  p  ann  And  also  40li  a  yeare  out  of  the  said  profitts  tithes  & 
Revenues  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  the  minister  that  should 
officiate  in  the  Chappel  of  Middleton  annexed  also  to  the  said  Church 
the  maintennce  beloaiging  to  the  said  Chappell  being  but  lOli  p.  ann 
wch  said  Augmentacons  are  become  frui teles  by  the  Composicon  of  the 
said  Sir  Henry  Bellingham  &  Captaine  Wilson  It  is  therefore  ordered 
that  the  yearelie  simome  of  401i  be  allowed  &  paid  out  of  the  surplus 
of  the  rents  &  profitts  (yet  undesposed  off)  of  the  Impropriate  Rectorie 
of  Thorneton  in  Longsdale  sequestred  from  Sir  John  Caufeild  papist 
&  delinquent  &  the  Deane  and  Chapter  of  Worcester  to  &  for  increase 
of  the  maintennce  of  the  said  Mr.  Samuell  Harrison  minister  of 
Killington  aforesaid  And  that  the  further  yearelie  Summe  of  40Ii  be 
allowed  &  paid  out  of  the  said  surplus  of  the  said  Rents  &  profitts  of 
the  said  Impropriate  Rectorie  to  &  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of 
such  minister  as  this  Committee  shall  approve  off  to  officiate  in  the 
said  Chappell  of  Middleton  And  the  Sequestrators  of  the  pmisses 
are  required  to  allow  &  paie  the  same  accordinglie  at  such  tymes  & 
Seasons  of  the  yeare  as  the  said  Rents  &  profitts  shall  grow  due  & 
payable.  ^ 

In    1657    Harrison    became    Curate    of    Silverdale    in 
Lancashire,  as  witness  the  following :  — 

Silverdale 

Chappell  in 

Wharton  pish.  Sept.  25.  1657. 

Ordered  that  Mr.  [blank].  Harrison  preacher  of  the  Gospell  be 
setled  Curate  of  the  Chappell  of  Silverdale  within  the  parish  of 
Warton  in  ye  County  of  Lancaster  provided  he  be  first  approved  of  by 
the  Comrs  for  approbacon  of  publique  preachers 

John  Thorowgood,  Edw.  Cresset  Jo  Humfrey  Richard  Young  Ralph 
HaU.5 

1.  Bodl.  MS.,  325. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  993. 


Killington  1 007 

Silverdale  in 
Com.  Lancaster. 

Mr.  Samuel  Harrison — admitted  ye  26th  day  of  September  1657 
to  ye  Chappell  of  Silverdale  in  ye  parish  of  Warton  in  the  County  of 
Lancr  Upon  an  Order  of  ye  Trustees  for  maintenance  of  Ministers 
exhibited  the  same  day  And  Certificates  from  [MS.  breaks  off  here].i 

After  this  date  the  handwriting  in  the  Registers 
■changes  frequently,  and  they  are  very  irregularly  kept. 
Unfortunately  there  is  also  a  break  in  the  Incumbent  list. 
The  Kendal  Indictment  Book  gives  an  account  of  a  law 
suit  between  himself  and  his  brother  Joseph  Harrison  on 
the  one  hand,  and  Dorothy  Cooke  on  the  other.  The 
matter  in  dispute  would  seem  to  have  been  an  alleged  case 
of  trespass  on  the  part  of  the  two  Harrisons.  It  was 
tried  at  the  General  Sessions  January  18  in  the  "  reign 
of  Charles  duodecimo "  [1661]  and  Harrison  is  still 
described  as  "  of  Killington,  Clerk."  The  Harrisons  were 
in  all  probability  a  local  family.  A  Samuel  Harrison 
compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  in  1662  at  Hertwell, 
Bucks. 

John  Wood,  B.A.,  1674. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Edward  of  Carlisle  March 
16,  1673,  and  subscribed  the  required  declaration  in  the 
Bishop's  presence  on  the  same  day.  At  the  Bishop's 
Yisitation  June  27,  1674,  he  exhibited  as  Curate. 
Besse  states  that  in  1675  "  William  Baines  and  Joseph 
Baines  were  cited  into  Hichmond  Court  at  the  Suit  of 
John  Wood  Priest  of  Killington  for  Wages  by  him 
demanded.  Their  Appearance  there  occasioned  10s. 
Charge  to  each  of  them,  but  before  the  Court-day  came,  in 
which  their  Answers  were  to  have  been  given  in,  the 
Priest  was  taken  sick,  and  died  under  much  Trouble  of 
Mind."  2 

William  Sclatee,  1675—1724. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  the  Bishop  of  Chester 
September  19,  1675;  licensed  to  officiate  the  Cure  on  the 
same  day;  and  became  Priest  September  21,  1691.     The 

1,  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  998. 

2.  Sufferings  of  the  Quakers,  vol.  ii,  p.  22. 


ioo8  The   Ejected   of  1662 

following   are   the   Sclater  entries   in   the   Registers,   the 
name  appearing  with  and  without  the  ''  e."  :  — 

The  Nativity  tind  Baptisms  of  ye  children  of  William  Sclater  preachr 
of  Killington. 

Jane  Sclater   borne   March   22  day  &  baptized  28   day  Anno   Domi 
1675. 

John  Slater  borne  Jan.  2  &  baptized  22  day  Ano  Domi  1679. 

Hannah   Slater  borne  Jan.   10.    day   &   baptized   18   day  Ano  Domi 
1668  (?). 

Hannah   Daughter  of   Will   Sclatr  buried  Jan.  16.    1677. 

Susannah  Slater  borne  March  6  day  &  baptized  27  day  Ano  Domi 
1682. 

William  Sclater  borne  July  29  &  baptized  August  ii  day  Ano  Domi 
1684. 

Thomas  Sclater  borne  Novemb.  19  day  &  baptized  Novembr  29  day 
Anno  Domi   1686. 

Mary  Sclater  borne  July  26  day  &  baptized  Aug.  13.   day  1688. 

Elizabeth  daughter  of  Will  Sclater  baptized  ffebr  23  day  Ano  Domi 
1689. 

Eachel  Daughr  of  William  Sclater  Clerk  Bapt.  August  7  day  1693. 

William  son  of  William  Sclater  Clerk  baptized  July  5  day  1696. 

Susannah  daughr  of  Will  Sclater  Clerke  borne  May  10  baptized  May 
26  day  1700. 
Christening 

Elizabeth    daughtr   of   Will    Sclater  Clerke  preachr    at    Killington 
Chapel  ffebr.  6  day  1689. 

William  Son  of  William  Sclater  Clerke  buried  May  9th  day   1694. 

Hannah  daughter  of  Wm.   Sclater  Cler.   buried  August  4th  1697. 

Susannah  daughter  of  Wm.  Sclater  Clerke  buried  Sept.  20  day  1702. 

His  own  burial  entry  is  as  follows  :  — 
Wm  Sclater  Clerk  Bur.  Febru.  15.  1724. 

William  Sclater,  1724 — -1778. 

He  was  the  son  of  William  Sclater  just  named,  and 
appears  to  have  served  as  Curate  for  some  time  previous 
to  obtaining  the  living.  Doubtless  he  is  the  person 
who  appears  in  the  following :  — 

Mr.  James  Dawes  of  Underwinder  in  ye  Parish  of  Sedber  &  Mrs. 

Mary    Niblethwaite    of    HoUbeck    in    Killington    were    married    at 

Firbanck  Chappell   by  Mr.    Sclater  Curate   of   Killington   June   30th 

Ano  Dom  1716.' 

W.  Pearson,  1778. 

He  was  appointed  on  the  death  of  Sclater. 
1.  Killington  Registers. 


IX.     KIRKBY  LONSDALE. 

This  little  town  lies  at  the  extreme  south  of  the  County, 
abutting  both  Yorkshire  and  Lancashire;  and,  as  its 
name  suggests,  it  is  in  the  beautiful  Lune  Yalley.  Its 
Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  and  its  Registers,  which 
have  been  well  kept,  date  back  to  1538,  the  earliest 
date  at  which  Registers  began.  It  was  the  centre  of  a 
wide  Parish  including  Hutton  Roof,  Lupton,  Mansergh, 
Casterton,  Barbon,  Middleton,  Killington,  and  Firbank; 
and  entries  relating  to  all  these  places  appear  in  the 
Registers.  There  are  three  volumes  up  to  1812,  known  as 
the:  (1)  Old  Book;  (2)  volume  II.;  and  (3)  volume  III. 
The  first  is  a  small  folio  of  parchment,  and  it  includes 
baptisms,  marriages,  and  burials  from  November,  1538,  to 
February,  1649-50.  As  with  many  others,  its  appear- 
ance suggests  that  it  is  a  copy  from  older  documents  up  to 
the  end  of  the  16th  Century,  and  this  we  are  definitely 
informed  is  the  case.  An  entry  in  it  states  that  it  was 
"  maide  the  ffirst  day  of  December  in  the  xlii  year  of  ye 
rayne  of  our  Souereigne  Lady  Elizabeth  by  the  grace  of 
God  Queen  of  England  ffrance  and  lerland  Defender  of 
the  ffaith  Anno  Dni  1601  by  me  John  "Willinson  Clark 
&c." 

The  following  is  the  Incumbent  list :  — 

JoHx  Willinson  or  Williamson,  1559 — 1607. 

The  Registers  give  the  name  of  John  Williamson  as 
Yicar  in  1560,  and  he  would  appear  to  have  held  the  living 
until  his  death  in  1607.  The  Registers  have  the 
following  :  — 

1607  tebruarii  Sepultura  Johis  Willinson  Cler.  et  vicarii  Ecclesiae  ibi 
p.   spatio  quadrigenta  Octog.  Anos.   tertio   die.'. 

1.  This  appears  to  be  decisive  as  to  the  length  of  Willinson's  ministry ; 
yet  the  Registers  mention  the  marriage  of  "  Mr.  Thomas  Shott  Clerici " 
in  1581  and  in  1583  the  baptism  of  a  daughter  of  "Mr.  Shott  Preacher." 
Foster  also  gives  Samuel  Heron  as  Vicar  here  in  1591  (vide  p.  876),  but 
there  seems  to  be  no  opening  for  him. 


loio  The    Ejected    of  1662 

A  person  of  tliat  name,  B.A.,  was  presented  to  Tunstall  in 
North  Lancashire  on  November  20,  1612,  remaining  there 
until  his  death  in  1633^  In  the  Registers  is  the 
following :  — 

1633  July  Sepult — Mri  Johis  Williamson  Vic.  de  Tunstall.  xxvii. 

He  may  have  been  a  son. 

Jerome  WAterhouse,  B.D.,  1607/8. 

He  was  instituted  on  February  19,  1607/8,  the  vacancy 
having  been  caused  by  the  death  of  John  Williamson. 
He  held  the  living  only  a  brief  period  and  removed  to 
Orey  stoke.  ^ 

Thomas  Adams,  M.A.,  1616—1617. 

He  was  instituted  to  the  "  Yic.  of  Kerckbie  Lonsdale  " 
August  3,  1616.3 

Henry  Parke,  M.A.,  in  1617—1623. 

He  was  instituted  December  29,  1617,  on  a  Presentation 
by  "  John  Richardson  S.T.P.  Mgr.  Colleg  Scte  Trinite, 
Cantab,  et  Socios  et  Schol,"  the  vacancy  having  been 
caused  by  the  free  and  spontaneous  resignation  of  Thomas 
Adams.*  In  February,  1619,  his  marriage  is  thus 
recorded :  — 

Nupt.  Dni  Hen.  Park  Cler.  et  Vicarii  et  Alice  Segswick  vii.  die. 

A  daughter,  Anne,  was  baptized  on  January  1st,  1620; 
and  the  following  notice  appears  of  his  own  burial :  — 
Augusti  1623  Sepult  Dom.  Hen.  Park  Cler.  Vicarius  xxiiij. 
He  belonged,  doubtless,  to  the  Parke  family  of  Kendal. 

Samuel  Sackville,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1623. 

He  was  instituted  January  20,  1623,  on  the  same 
Presentation.  Foster  has  the  following  respecting  him : 
"'B.A.  from  Trinity  Coll.  Cambridge,  1607/8,  M.A.  1611, 

1.  Baines's  Hist,  of  Lane.  (Uroston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  548.  He  wrongly 
gives  1632  as  the  date  of  his  death. 

2.  Vide  p.  455. 

3.  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

4.  Institution  Books  (Record  Office),  and  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


Kirkby    Lonsdale 


lOlI 


B.D.  1619;  incorporated  13  July  1619,  rector  of  Hatfield 
Regis,  Essex,  1617,  vicar  of  Bottisliam,  co.  Cambridge, 
1620,  of  Blythe,  Notts,  1621,  of  Trumpington,  co.  Cam- 
bridge, 1622,  and  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  Westmorland, 
1624."  1 

Charles  Jones,  1637. 

He  was  instituted  February  21,  1637,  on  a  Presentation 
by  Tbo,  Comber,  S.T.P,,  &c.,  tbe  vacancy  being  caused  by 
the  cession  of  Sackville. 

George  Buchanan,  M.A.,  1640 — 1646. 

He  was  instituted  July  14,  1640,  on  tbe  same  Presenta- 
tion, tbe  vacancy  baving  been  caused  by  tbe  cession  of 
Jones.     The  Registers  contain  the  following:  — 

1640  October  Incipit  Mr.  Buchanan  Vicar  de  Kirkbie  Lonsdale  .  .  .  ii. 

The  following  Buchanan  entries  also  appear  in  them  :  — 

ffebruarij  1641  Bapt.  Marie  Buchanan  filia  Geo  vicar  de  Kirkbie 
Lonsdale    iiij. 

September  1644  Bapt  Willm  Buchanan  filii  Dom.  Geo.  Vic.  de 
Kirkbie  Lonsdale  xxiii. 

December  1644  Sepult.  William  Buchanan  filij  Mri  Georgii  xv. 

August  1648  Bapt.  Margreta  Buchanan  filiae  Mri  Geo.  Cler.  xv. 

The  Grammar  School  Books  represent  him  as  receiving 
the  stipend  as  "lecturer"  in  1643  and  1644;  but  Mr.  W. 
Cole  received  it  in  1647. 

Walker  gives  a  long  account  of  George  Buchanan, 
which,  he  says,  he  had  received  from  the  Minister's  grand- 
son. He  informs  us  that  he  was  of  an  ancient  family  in 
the  west  of  Scotland,  related  to  Bishop  Whitford,  whom 
he  succeeded  in  the  living  of  Moffat,  Annandale,  one  of  the 
richest-  in  the  kingdom.  Banished  from  Scotland  for 
refusing  the  Covenant,  with  a  wife  and  six  children, 
he  came  into  England,  and  applying  to  Archbishop 
Laud  he  obtained  a  "  good  living  in  or  near  the  County 
of  Essex."  This  he  exchanged  for  Kirkby  Lonsdale, 
where  nearer  to  his  own  country,  "  his  Scotch  pronun- 
ciation would  be  less  offensive  and  better  understood." 
It  is  alleged  that  he  was  grievously  persecuted  during 
the  Civil  Wars  by  "  two  of  his  Parishioners,  who  were 

1.  Al.  Ox. 


10I2  The   Ejected    of   1662 

Captains  in  the  Parliamentary  Army,  and  got  him 
not  only  Sequestred,  but  also  several  times  taken  and 
hurried  to  Lancaster- Jail ;  once  out  of  the  Church,  another 
time  out  of  his  Bed  from  his  Wife  (then  big  with  Child) 
in  a  rude  and  barbarous  manner;  the  last  of  which  times 
he  suffered  near  Three  Years  Imprisonment."  On  his 
release  he  fled  into  Yorkshire,  where  Sir  Thomas  Went- 
worth  gave  him  the  small  living  at  Royston,  worth  about 
£20  per  annum,  "  the  inconsiderableness  of  whose  income 
proved  his  protection."  Here  he  continued  until  the 
Restoration.^  To  this  we  are  able  to  add  from  other 
sources.  Scott,  in  his  "  Fasti,"  under  Kirkpatrick-Juxta  in 
the  Presbytery  of  Lochmaben,  says  that  George  Buchanan 
had  his  degree  from  the  University  of  St.  Andrew's  in 
1617,  that  he  was  on  the  exercise  in  the  Presbytery  of 
Glasgow  November  15,  1620,  was  at  Kirkpatrick  when  the 
Old  Manse  was  built  in  1626,  on  the  Commission  for  the 
Maintenance  of  Church  Discipline,  October  21,  1634,  and 
transferred  to  Moffat  March  29,  1637.  ^  From  Moffat  he 
was  moved  to  Kirkcudbright  in  the  Presbytery  of  that 
name  before  1638,  being  appointed  by  Thomas,  Bishop  of 
Galloway,  deposed  by  the  Commission,  which  sentence 
was  ratified  by  the  General  Assembly,  August  26,  1639, 
because  he  declined  to  obey  the  former  Assembly  and 
continued  in  Contumacy.  He  got  a  warrant  for  <£100 
from  Parliament  May  22,  1661,  on  account  of  his  suffering 
and  loyalty.^  If  the  foregoing  items  be  correct  he  could 
have  held  the  Essex  living  barely  a  year.  In  the  grand- 
son's communication  (who  was  C.  Buchanan)  dated  Dec.  3, 
1706,  no  mention  is  made  of  the  Essex  living.  He  says 
that  on  coming  to  England  "  he  made  application  to  A.B. 
Laud,  by  whose  recommendation  Trinity  College  in  Cam- 
bridge bestowed  upon  him  ye  Yicaridge  of  Kerkby  Lons- 
dale in  Westm'land  bordering  upon  Lancashire  where  he 
had  not  long  been  before  ye  Rebellion  broke  out  in  Eng.'-'* 

1.  Walker,  Pt.  II,  p.  211. 

2.  Vol.  i,  Pt.  2,  p.  653. 

3.  Ibid.,  p.  688. 

4.  Walker  MSS.,  C.  3,  fol.  237. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  1013 

With  reference  to  Walker's  statement  above  cited  it 
needs  always  to  be  remembered  that  in  matters  of  this 
kind  he  is  a  doubtful  guide.  George  Buchanan  was 
evidently  a  very  aggressive  Royalist;  but  from  what  has 
already  been  said,  and  from  what  follows  it  will  be  clear 
that  there  was  no  desire  on  the  part  of  the  ruling  authori- 
ties to  deal  harshly,  at  least,  with  his  family.  In  all 
probability  it  was  in  1645  that  he  was  deprived  of  his 
living  :  for  towards  the  end  of  that  year  his  successor 
appears  upon  the  scene.  Walker  says  that,  at  the  Restora- 
tion, George  Buchanan  "  repossessed  himself  of  his  own 
vicaridge  " ;  and  it  is  generally  assumed  that  such  was 
the  case.  It  may  have  been  so,  but  documentary  proof  is 
lacking,  and  the  evidence  is  rather  against  it.  In  August, 
1660,  he  petitioned  for  the  Croft  living  in  the  following 
terms  :  — 

To  the  King's  Most  Excellent  Maiesty 
The  humble  Peticon  of  George  Buchanan  Clerk. 
Sheweth 

That  your  Peticoner  hath  been  a  deep  sufferer  in  these  late  troubles 
both  for  his  AUeagiance  to  yor  Matys  Royall  ffather  of  blessed 
memory  and  his  Constancy  to  the  Church  in  the  worst  of  times 
haveing  first  lost  his  Parsonage  of  Moffett  in  Scotland  of  20011  sterling 
p  ann  for  refusing  the  first  Covenant,  and  since  been  sequestred 
of  the  Viccarage  of  Kirkby-Lonsdale  Westmerland  in  England 
sixteen  yeares  agoe  In  which  time  hee  hath  been  Chaplaine  in 
Severall  of  his  late  Majestyes  Garrisons  and  endured  many 
Imprisonmeaits. 

Now  whereas  the  Rectory  of  ye  parish  Church  of  Croft  neer  North- 
Allerton  in  Yorkshire  is  voyd  by  the  death  of  Mr.  [blank]  Stevinson 
or  otherwise  your  Peticoner  humbly  beggs  That  yor  Maty  would  be 
graciously  pleased  to  grant  him  a  presentation  to  the  said  rectory. 

And  (as  in  duty)  hee  shall  ever  pray  &c. 

[On  the  top.] 

Peticon  of  George  Buchanan 
["Humbly   recommended    by    ye    Bp.    of    Salisbury."     Later    hand 
according  to  ink — no  date  appears]' 

The  grandson,  in  his  communication  to  Walker,  says 
that  he  returned  to  Kirkby  Lonsdale  for  a  short  time,  and 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  vol.  12,  No.  79. 


I014  The    Ejected    of  1662 

having  had  a  Prebendsliip  offered  him  he  resigned  because 
he  did  not  approve  of  Plurality.  He  did  not,  however^ 
object  to  hold,  along  with  his  Prebendship  in  Carlisle,  the 
living  at  Stanwix,  of  which  place  he  became  Vicar  in 
1661.^  At  his  death  it  is  said  that  he  was  "  unusuallj 
lamented  in  ye  City  for  his  Eminent  works  of  piety  & 
charity,  he  was  a  person  of  yt  regular  life  &  Conversation 
Integrity  &  Christian  Courage  yt  ye  Greatest  Enemies  he 
had  in  either  kingdom  could  object  no  Crime  agst  him  but 
his  Loyalty."  2 

William  Cole,  B.D.,  1645—1652  {?). 

Possibly  he  was  a  native  of  Northumberland  and 
admitted  to  Corpus  Christi,  Cambridge,  in  1637,  taking 
his  B.A.  in  1640.^  In  the  letter  given  later  William  Cole 
informs  us  that  Samuel  Cole  of  Heversham  was  his  brother, 
and  Masy  in  his  correspondence  gives  several  interesting 
items  of  information  about  them.*  His  name  appears  in  the 
Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646,  and  he  is  styled  Minis- 
ter of  Kirkby  Lonsdale.  The  following  documents,  which 
include  his  own  letter,  deal  with  his  appointment  and 
Augmentation :  - — 

Kirkby 

Lonsdale.  Januar.  ult.  1645. 

Upon  informacon  that  the  cure  of  the  Church  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale 
in  the  County  of  Westmland  is  unprovided  for  that  the  Cotee  for  the 
said  County  have  removed  George  Buckenhaine  vicar  thereof  from 
the  said  Church  It  is  ordered  that  Willm  Cole  Minister  of  the  word 
shall  officiate  the  said  cure  and  have  ye  pfitts  of  ye  said  vicarage. 
Referred  Wilkn  Cole  minister  &c.  to  ye  Assembly  to  exine  him  for 
the  vicarage  and  Church  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  in  the  County  of 
Westmerland.  5 

1.  Vide  p.  194. 

2.  Walker  MSS.,  C.   3,  fol.  237. 

3.  So  Fishwick  (Hist,  of  Preston,  p.  185).  A  family  of  this  name 
however  was  prominent  at  Dedham,  Essex,  about  this  time. 

4.  Vide  pp.  889,  894,  898. 

5.  Add.  MSS.  Brit.  Mus.  15670. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale 


1015 


Westmorland.     At   the    Comtee    for    plundered   Ministers    Aprill    22. 

Anno  Dni.    1646. 

Resolved  that  the  yearely  sume  of  thirty  pounds  be  paid 

out   of   ye   pfitts  tythes   rents   Revenues  of    the    imppriate 

Rectory   of  Kirby   Lonsdale   wch   are  sequestred   from    Sr 

Henry    Bellingham    and    Capt    Thomas    Wilson    Delinqts 

severall  Lesses  thereof  from  and  under  Trinity  Colledge  in 

Cambridge  to  and  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  Willm 

Cole  Vicar  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  aforesaid   The   Viccaridge 

whereof  was  in  the  best  tymes  worth  about  sixty  pounds 

p    ann    And    that    the   further    sume  of   forty    pounds    be 

allowed    &    paid    out   of    the    said   tythes   and    pfitts    for 

maintennce   of   a  minister  to   officiate   in  the  Chappell   of 

Hutton  annexed  to  ye  said  Church  the  maintennce  thereof 

And  now     being  but  the  styppend  of  51i  10s  per  ann  And  the  further 

worth  sume    of    forty    pounds   out    of    the   aforesaid    pfitts    for 

about  maintennce  of  a  Minister  to  officiate  Barbon  Chappell  also 

401i  annex'd  to  the  said  Church  whose  maintennce  is  but  the 

p.  ann.         yearely  Styppend  of  311.  16s  And  the  further  sume  of  forty 

pounds  for  ye  maintennce  of  the  Minister  yt  shall  officiate 

in   the  Chappell   of   Middleton  annexed  also   to    the    said 

Church  whose  maintennce  is  but  the  yearely  Styppend  of 

ten  pounds  And  the  further  sume  of  forty  pounds  to  and 

for  increase  of  the  Maintennce  of  Samuell  Harrison  Minister 

of   the   Chappell   of  Killington   also   annexed  to    the    said 

Church   his  present    Maintence   being  but   six   pounds  six 

shillings  p  aim  And  the  further  sume  of  forty  pounds  out 

of    the    aforesaid   Tythes    and    pfitts   for    increase    of   ye 

Maintenance    of    such    Minister   as    shall    officiate    in    the 

Chappell  of   ffirbanke   annexed  to   the  said  Church   whose 

p'nt  Maintenance  is  but  three  pounds  six  shillings  &  eight 

pence    p   ann    All    which  paymts    to    continue  during    the 

severall  Leases  of  ye  said  Sr  Henry  Bellingham  and  Capt 

Tho  Wilson  in  the  pmises  and  no  longer  saveing  &  reserving 

unto  ye  said  Colledge  all  rights   dues,  rents  and  pfitts  to 

them   due   &   belonging  or   in   any  wise   appertaining   And 

that  it  be  reported  to  the  house. 

Gilbt.  Millington.  l 

Right  Honable. 

Those  extraordinary  favours  which  in  the  manageing  of  my  affairs 
I  have  receaved  from  yor  Honor  would  proclaime  me  the  most 
ungratefull  amongst  men  should  I  not  ever  study  how  in  any  regard 
I  might  be  so  happy  as  to  serve  you  who  by  yor  honorble  respects 
and  Curtesies  have  layd  so  strong  an  engagement  upon  me.  The 
assurance  which  I  have  of  yor  tendemes   over  the   Servants  of  the 

1.   S.  P.  Dom.  F.  1.  (Record  Office)  ;  Duplicated  in  Bodl.  MS.  322- 


ioi6  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Gospell  doth  encourage  me  to  repsent  to  yr  honor  my  humble  desire 
of  perfecting  that  Order  which  being  in  London  I  desired  from  you 
concerneing  my  psent  establishment  in  this  place ;  but  haveing 
especially  lately  from  Mr.  Moore  receaved  advertisement  of  yor  noble 
fcrwardnes  in  that  my  busynesse,  had  you  any  direcons  from  me 
concerning  it,  I  am  first  obliged  to  give  yor  Honr  thankes  for  that 
undeserved  care,  and  then  psume  to  certifie  you  of  the  purport  of 
that  Peticon.  My  Lord,  the  Incumbent  at  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  one 
Buchanan  beinge  fledd  from  his  place  I  was  by  the  generall  vote  of 
the  Parish  elected  for  their  Minister,  this  Delinquent  being  still  in 
the  Enemies  Quarters  at  Newarke,  and  thereby  rendred  uncapable  of 
Church  office,  it  was  the  humble  desire  of  the  Parish  and  the  Ministers 
of  these  parts  to  yor  Honr  that  an  Order  (as  usually)  from  the 
Northerne  Comittee  might  be  issued  out  for  the  disablinge  of  the  said 
Buchanan  and  establishing  of  my  selfe  at  this  place.  The  Coittee  of 
Westmerland  their  articles  taken  agst  him  £ind  the  Ministers  peticons 
for  me  are  in  yor  Honors  custodye  :  If  it  please  yor  Honr  to  agitate 
the  said  businesses  and  prfect  this  Order  it  will  conduce  much  to  my 
happiness  and  fasten  in  me  a  resolution  of  setlinge  here  who  am 
otherwise  unwilling  to  run  the  hazard  of  disturbinge.  The  like 
Order  was  by  Sr  Wm.  Eremin  and  the  rest  of  the  Comrs  at  their  last 
being  at  Kendale  granted  to  my  brother  for  the  Ejectinge  of  Mr. 
Briggs  Vicar  of  Hevsham  a  notorious  malignant,  and  establishing  him 
in  fuU  possion.  This  because  Capt.  Wm.  Garnet  an  officer  undr 
yor  Honor  and  one  of  my  Congregation  a  man  of  singular  fidelity  and 
zeale  to  the  Gospell  and  this  psent  cause  will  more  fully  satisfie  you 
in  this  matter  who  is  by  the  unajnimous  desire  of  the  Parish  sent  up 
to  intercede  with  the  parliamt  if  by  any  meanes  he  may  not  onely 
procure  my  establishment  here  but  also  additionall  augmentacon  of 
the  stipend  for  so  great  a  charge  beinge  small  and  inconsiderable  and 
some  relief  for  many  poore  Chapelries  under  my  charge.  That  especiall 
interest  which  yor  Honor  hath  in  the  Houses  cannot  be  better 
imployed  than  by  yor  noble  using  of  it  for  the  despatching  of  this 
businesse  so  conducible  to  the  setlinge  of  a  Conscionable  Ministry  in 
these  remote  Corners  then  which  as  nothing  can  be  more  acceptable 
to  God,  so  nor  can  any  thing  more  oblige  these  parts  to  yor  service 
nor  more  strongly  engage  him  to  all  expresses  of  gratitude  who  is 

my  Lord 
Kirkby  Lonsdale  this  Yor  honours  most  humble  orator 

April  14.  1646  to  the  throne  of  Grace 

Westmrland.  .        Guiel  Cole, 

ffor  the  right  Honrable  my  Singular  good  Lord  Philip  Wharton  at 
his  Lodgings  in  Whitehall.  These 

[End.]    14  Aprill  1646  psent  humblye. 

Mr.  Coale  of  Kirby  Lonsdale.* 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  104,  fol.  17. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  i  o  1 7 

Kirkby 

Lonsdale.  Januar  28.   1647. 

Wheras  this  Comittee  have  the  5th  of  May  1647  grted  401i  a  yeare 
out  of  the  tithe  Barne  called  Dalton  &  other  surplis  of  the  profitts 
of  the  Impropriate  R«ctorie  of  Burton  in  the  Countie  of  Westmerland 
Sequestred  from  Sr  John  Preston  papist  and  delinqt  not  then 
disposed  of  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  Mr.  Cole  for  officiateing 
the  Cure  of  the  Church  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  in  the  sd  Countie  And 
this  Comittee  are  informed  that  pte  of  the  aforesd  Rectorie  doth  lie 
wthin  the  Countie  of  Lancaster  It  is  ordered  that  a  proptionall  pte 
of  the  sd  401i  a  yeare  be  paid  out  of  the  aforesd  profitts  arising 
wthin  the  sd  Countie  of  Lancaster  as  are  answerable  to  soe  much 
as  is  of  the  said  Rectories  wthin  the  sd  Countie  wch  the  Sequestrators 
of  the  sd  profitts  wthin  the  sd  Countie  are  required  to  paie  accordinglie 
to  be  accompted  from  the  22nd  day  of  Aprill  1646.' 

Kirkby  Lonsdale.  December  9.  1648. 

Whereas  this  Cottee  have  ye  22  of  Aprill  1646  granted  the  yearly 
6ume  of  thirtie  pounds  out  of  ye  pfRtts  tyths  &  revenues  of  ye 
Impropriate  Rectory  of  Kirby  Lonsdale  in  ye  County  of  Westmerland 
sequestred  from  Sr  Henry  Bellingham  &  Capt.  Thomas  Wilson 
delinquents  severall  Leassees  thereof  from  &  under  Trinity  CoUedge 
in  Cambridge  for  increase  of  ye  maintennce  of  Wm.  Cole  Vicar  of 
Kirby  Lonsdale  aforesd  the  Vicarage  whereof  was  in  the  best  times 
worth  about  601i  p  ann  &  yt  ye  further  sume  of  401i  be  allowed  & 
pd  out  of  the  said  tythes  &  pffitts  for  maintennce  of  a  Minister  to 
officiate  in  the  Chappell  of  Hutton  annexed  to  the  said  Church  the 
maintennce  thereof  beinge  but  the  Stipend  of  5li  10s  p  anai  &  ye 
further  sume  of  401i  out  of  ye  aforesd  pffitts  for  maintennce  of  a 
minister  to  officiate  in  Barbon  Chappell  also  annexed  to  the  said 
Church  whose  maintennce  is  but  the  stipend  of  31i  10s  p  ann  &  ye 
further  sume  of  fourty  pounds  for  ye  maintennce  of  a  minister  yt 
should  officiate  in  ye  Chappell  of  Middleton  annexed  to  the  sd 
Church  whose  maintennce  is  but  ye  yearely  stipend  of  lOli  &  ye 
further  sume  of  fourty  pounds  for  increase  of  ye  maintennce  of 
Samuel  Harison  Minister  of  ye  Chappell  of  Killington  also  annexed 
to  ye  sd  Church  his  psent  maintennce  beinge  but  61i  15s  p  ann  &  ye 
further  sume  of  401i  out  of  ye  aforesd  tythes  &  ffitts  for  ye  increase 
of  ye  maintennce  of  such  Minister  as  should  officiate  in  the  Chappell 
of  ffirbancke  annexed  to  ye  sd  Church  whose  psnt  maintennce  is 
but  3.  16.  8.  p  ann  AH  wch  paymts  to  continue  during  ye  seurall 
leases  of  ye  sd  Sr.  Henry  Bellingham  &  Capt.  Tho.  Wilson  in  ye 
pmisses  &  no  longer  savinge  reserving  unto  the  sd  CoUedge  all  duties 
rents  &  pffitts  to  them  due  &  belonging  or  any  wages  apptaining  wch 
sd    order    upon    ye    delinquents    Composicons    for    their    respective 

1.  Bodl.    MS.    325. 


ioi8  The    Ejected   of  1662 

delinquencies  became  fruiteless  for  yt  ye  sd  Sr  Henry  Bellingham  is 
againe  seqrd  for  delinquency  since  his  sd  Composion  It  is  therefore 
ordered  yt  ye  sd  augmentacions  be  continued  to  ye  sd  Church  & 
Chappells  according  to  ye  tenor  of  ye  sd  order  out  of  ye  pftitts 
tythes  &  revenues  of  ye  sd  Impropriacon  wch  are  seqrd  from  ye  sd 
Sr  Henry  Bellingham  wch  ye  seqrs  of  ye  prmisses  are  required  to 
pay  accordingly  at  such  times  &  seasooifi  of  ye  yeare  as  the  same  shall 
become  due  &  payable  wth  all  the  arreares  due.' 

It  has  been  previously  shown  that  with  a  view  to 
making  the  Sequestration  fall  as  lightly  as  possible  upon 
the  family  of  the  Sequestered,  a  fifth  of  the  income  of  the 
sequestered  living  was  assigned  to  the  wife  on  making 
application  for  it;  and  William  Cole  seems  to  have  been 
particularly  slow  in  falling  in  with  these  requirements. 
The  documents  which  follow  show  what  was  the  spirit  of 
the  Commissioners  in  relation  to  this  matter;  and  the 
threat  to  sequester  the  living  from  one  of  their  own 
nominees,  in  favour  of  the  wife  of  the  Sequestered  Royalist 
Clergyman,  unless  all  dues  were  fully  and  promptly  met, 
is  especially  interesting  :  — 

Kirby  Lonsdale.  August  25.  1646. 

Upon  the  humble  peticon  of  Nichocolas  the  wife  of  George  Buchanan 
from  whom  the  viccarage  of  Kirby  Lonsdale  in  the  Countie  of 
Westmland  is  sequestred  It  is  ordered  that  the  said  Mrs.  Buchanan 
shall  have  for  &  towards  the  maintennce  of  her  &  her  children  the  full 
cleere  5th  pte  of  all  the  tithes  rents  gleab  lands  &  Easter  booke  of  the 
sd  Viccarage  (all  taxes  &  charges  first  deducted  out  of  the  whole) 
unless  good  Cause  in  writinge  be  shewn  to  the  Contrary  before  the 
Comittee  of  pliamt  for  the  said  County  the  sd  Mr  Buchanan  and 
his  wife  yieldinge  all  due  obedience  to  the  sd  Sequestrcon  The 
Examinacon  of  wch  Cause  (if  there  be  any)  this  Comittee  doe  referre 
to  the  sd  Comittee  or  any  three  of  them  who  are  desired  to  heare  the 
pties  on  both  sides  therein  &  to  call  before  them  &  exame  the  witnesses 
that  shalbe  as  well  for  proof e  of  the  sd  cause  as  in  behalf e  of  the  sd 
Mrs.  Buchanan  for  the  justifyinge  of  her  &  the  sd  paymt  of  the  sd 
5th  pte  &  to  determine  the  differences  betweene  them  if  they  can  or 
otherwise  to  certifie  to  this  Cotee  the  whole  busyness  wth  their  opinion 
thereon. 2 

The  late  Rev.  T.  W.  Webb,  of  Hardwick  Vicarage, 
Hereford,  had  in  his  MS.  collection  a  series  of  documents 

1.  Bodl.    MS.    325. 

2.  Add.  MSS.  Brit.   Mus.    15670. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale 


1019 


relating  to  this  matter.  Under  date  Nov.  13,  1646,  appear 
the  following :  — 

Kendal.  Certificate  under  the  hands  of  Allen  Gilpin,  Mayor,  and 
six  others  (the  Committee  for  the  County  of  Westmoreland)  to  the 
Committee  for  plundered  ministers,  regarding  the  Vicarage  of  Kirkby 
Lonsdale  in  reference  to  the  petition  of  Nicocolas  (sic)  wife  of  Mr. 
George  Buchanan  from  whom  the  living  was  sequestered. 

The  Answer  of  Wm.  Cole,  Clerk,  to  Mrs.  Buchanan's  order  &c. 
(He  says  that  Mr.  and  Mrs.  B.  are  malignants.) 

Mrs.  Buchanan's  reply  to  the  exceptions  of  Mr.   Cole. 

Cole's  further  declaration  in  answer  to  the  reply. 

Mrs.  B.'s  reply  to  the  objection  of  Cole. 

Cole's  answer:    16   Oct.   1646  (copia  vera).^ 

To  these  may  be  appended  the  following :  — 

Kirby  Lonsdale.  Martij  17.  1646/7. 

Upon  the  humble  peticon  of  Nichocolas  the  wife  of  George  Buchanan 
from  whom  the  vicarage  of  Kirby  Longsdale  in  the  County  of 
Westmland  is  sequestred  It  is  ordered  that  the  Cottee  of  pliamt  for 
the  said  County  be  desired  to  certifie  to  this  Cottee  by  the  29th  day 
of  Aprill  next  the  cause  whereof  the  fift  pte  of  the  said  vicarage  is  not 
paid  unto  her  according  to  the  order  of  the  second  of  August  last.  2 

Kirby  Longsdale.  April  29.  1647. 

It  is  ordered  that  the  Comittee  of  pliamt  for  ye  Countie  of 
Westmerland  shall  have  further  daie  to  certifie  wherefore  the  5th  pte 
of  the  Vicarage  of  Kirby  Longsdale  in  the  said  Countie  is  not 
paid  unto  Nichocolas  the  wife  of  Mr.  Buchanan  from  whome  the  sd 
Vicarage  is  sequestred  according  to  the  order  of  the  second  of  August 
last  till  the  [blank]  next  on  wch  daie  the  Comittee  will  heare  the  said 
Cause.  3 

Kirby  Longsdale.  Junij  22.  1647. 

It  is  this  daie  ordered  by  consent  of  both  sides  that  the  Comittee 
of  pliamt  for  the  Countie  of  Westmerland  doe  &  they  are  hereby 
desired  to  examine  the  vaUew  of  the  vicarage  of  Kerby  Lonsdale  in 
the  Countie  of  Westmerland  &  apporcon  the  5th  pte  thereof  (all  taxes 
&  charges  first  deducted  out  of  the  whole)  unto  Nichocolas  the  wife 
of  Mr.  Buchanan  from  whome  the  sd  viccarage  is  sequestred  &  see 
the  same  paide  Accordinglie  from  tyme  to  tyme  to  be  accompted  from 
the  25th  of  August  1646  on  wch  day  the  sd  5th  pte  was  graunted.  4 

1.  H.  M.  C.  Seventh  Report,  Pt.  I,  p.  686.  Mr.  Webb  died  some 
thirty  years  ago,  and  his  MS.  collection  has  been  bequeathed  to  the 
Hereford  Free   Library. 

2.  Bodi.  MS.   324. 

3.  Ihid. 

4.  Add.   MSS.   Brit.   Mus.    15671. 


I020  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Kirby  Longsdale.  October  9.  1647. 

Whereas  this  Cotee  the  22nd  day  of  June  last  ordered  by  consent 
of  both  sides  that  the  Cotee  of  pliamt  for  the  Countie  of  Westmerland 
should  examine  the  vallue  of  the  viccarage  of  Kerby  Longsdale  in  the 
said  Countie  &  apporcon  the  5th  pte  thereof  (all  taxes  &  charges  first 
deducted  out  of  the  whole)  unto  Nicholas  the  wife  of  Mr.  Buchanon 
from  whome  the  sd  vicarage  is  sequestred  to  see  the  same  paid 
accordinglie  from  tyme  to  tyme  to  be  accounted  from  the  25th  day  of 
August  1646  on  wch  daie  the  sd  5th  pte  was  graunted  And  the  said 
Mrs.  Buchanan  complayneth  that  notwithstanding  the  said  order 
Mr.  Cole  to  whome  the  sd  vicarage  is  sequestred  refuseth  to  paie 
the  sd  5th  pte  alledginge  that  he  never  gave  his  consent  thereto 
It  is  this  day  ordered  that  the  said  Mr.  Cole  doe  forthwth  paie 
unto  the  sd  Mrs.  Buchanon  the  sd  5th  pte  in  obedience,  to  the  sd 
order  togeather  wth  all  arreares  thereof  In  default  whereof  it  is 
ordered  that  the  said  Viccarage  be  sequestred  from  him.  And  this 
Cotee  doe  referre  it  to  the  Cotee  of  pliamt  for  the  sd  Countie  to  see 
this  order  duelie  executed  &  to  sequester  the  said  livinge  from  the 
sd  Mr.  Cole  in  case  he  shall  refuse  to  paie  the  same  &  to  see  the  said 
Mris.  Buchanan  satisfied  the  sd  5th  ptes.' 

The  following  entries  relating  to  William  Cole's  family 
are  taken  from  the  Registers :  — 

November  1647  Sepult.  William  Cole  filij  William  Cler.  vij. 

December  [date  gone]  1649  [BaptJ  Marie  Cole  filia  Mr.  Willm  Cole 
Cler. 

februarie  1649-50  Sepult  Marie  Cole  filia  Mr.  Wilkn  Cole  Cler.  et 
Minister  de  Kyrbye  26. 

William  Cole  left  Kirkby  Lonsdale  about  1652.  Brand 
says  that  he  settled  at  St.  John's,  Newcastle,  March  25, 
1652—3.2  In  the  "Memoir  of  Ambrose  Barnes  "  it  is  stated 
that  "  when  the  wars  were  over  there  came  to  K^ewcastle 
by  Alderman  Barnes  his  means  Mr.  Cole,  a  polite  man 
and  an  eloquent  preacher  who  afterwards  conformed."^ 
He  had  a  daughter,  Elizabeth,  buried  there,  Aug.  2,  1654; 
another,  Grace,  baptized  Jan.  24,  1654-5;  a  son,  John, 
baptized  Aug.  14,  1656,  and  buried  Feb.  1656-7.  On 
Aug.  7,  1656,  he  was  added  to  the  Commissioners  for 
Ejecting    Scandalous    Ministers    and    Schoolmasters    in 

1.  Add.  MSS.  Brit.  Mus.  15671. 

2.  Hist,  of  Newcastle,  vol.  i,  p.  118; 

3.  Surtees  Society,  vol.  1,  p.  129. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  102 1 

Northumberland.^  Along  with  Richard  Gilpin  he  appears 
in  the  list  of  visitors  to  Cromwell's  new  College  at 
Durham,  May  15,  1657,  with  which  is  associated  the  name 
of  the  celebrated  Richard  Frankland.^  Shortly  afterwards 
he  removed  to  Preston  in  Lancashire.^  The  following  is 
a  notice  of  his  admission  to  the  Preston  living  together 
with  a  reference  to  his  Augmentation  :  — 
Preston  in  ye 
County  of  Lancr.  Feby  10.   1657/8. 

William  Coale  CI.  admitted  the  10th.  day  of  ffeb.  1657  to  ye  V.  of 
preston  in  ye  County  of  Lancr.  Upon  a  presentation  from  Sir 
Eichard  Hoghton  Baronet  exhibited  the  same  day,  and  Certificates 
from  Eic.  Hoghton  Tho.  Johnson  Isaac  Ambrose  Edw.  Gee  Wm. 
Browsword  Cl.^ 

He  is  given  by  Smith  ^  as  immediately  succeeding  Isaac 
Ambrose  in  Preston  in  1658,  which,  of  course,  is  an  error, 
for  Ambrose  had  been  at  Garstang,  at  least,  three  years 
before.  He  is  mentioned  as  of  Preston  in  the  Minutes 
of  the  Manchester  Classis  on  Oct.  6,  1658,  along  with 
Brownsword  and  some  others.^  It  was  ordered  on  March 
26,  1658,  that  "  the  Yearely  sume  of  401i  be  paid  to  "Wm. 
Cole  Minister  of  Preston,"  and  a  further  grant  of  £20  was 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.,  I.  77,  322-323.  Vide  Cromwell's  Letters  by 
Carlyle  (Chapman  and  Hall),  vol.  iv,  p.  224,  for  an  interesting  letter 
from  the  Protector's  pen  to  the  Mayor  of  Newcastle  Dec.  18,  1656.  It 
deals  with  the  relations  between  the  Independents  and  Presbyterians, 
and  reference  is  made  to  a  letter  Cromwell  had  sent  to  Wm.  Cole  and 
some  others. 

2.  This  list,  which  contains  many  Cumberland  and  Westmorland  names, 
is  given  in  Cromwell's  Letter  authorising  the  founding  of  the  College 
(Diary  of  Thomas  Burton,  vol.  ii,  Appendix  viii). 

3.  Henry  Newcome  has  the  following  in  his  Autobiography  : — "  July 
22nd  Thursday  1658.  I  heard  with  what  a  discouraging  providence  the 
Lord  met  Mr.  Cole,  in  his  removal  to  Preston  from  Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne;  his  wife's  mother  going  to  meet  them,  was  in  the  coach  when  it 
was  overturned  in  a  very  dirty  place,  and  was  hurt,  and  died  within 
two  or  three  days."  (C.  S.  (O.S.),  vol.  xxvi,  p.  94.)  What  a  vivid 
picture  of  the  perils  and  inconveniences  of  travel  two  hundred  and  fifty 
years  ago. 

4.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  998;  vide  also  C.  S.  (N.S.).  vol.  34, 
p.  216. 

5.  Eecords  of  Preston  Parish  Ch.,  p.  59. 

6.  C.  S.  (N.S.),  vol.  24,  p.  305. 


I02  2  The   Ejected    of  1662 

made  Jan.  1658-9,  giving  a  total  of  £60  in  atigmentation 
of  his  stipend.^  He  makes  his  first  appearance  in  the 
Preston  Registers  under  date  Oct.  12,  1658,  when  he  signs 
in  connection  with  a  marriage  as  "  Cleake  Ministr  of 
Preston."  Under  date  Feb.  26,  1660-1,  the  Parish  Clerk 
records  a  marriage  by  "  Mr.  Willm  Cole  or  [our]  Minister 
of  Preston,"  and  on  April  5th  and  21st,  1662,  respectively 
marriages  were  solemnized  by  "  Willm  Cole,  Yicar  de 
Preston."  Calamy  states  that  Cole  was  ejected  from 
Preston  but  afterwards  conformed  in  Essex;  and  relates 
the  following  story  respecting  him  and  Isaac  Ambrose  :  — 

A  little  after  the  King's  Restauration  there  was  a  Meeting  of  above 
20  Ministers  at  Bolton,  to  consult  what  Course  to  take.  Mr.  Ambrose 
and  Mr.  Cole  of  Preston  declar'd  before  them  all,  that  they  could 
,  read  the  Common-Prayer  and  should  do  it,  the  State  of  their  Places 
requiring  it,  in  which  otherwise  their  Service  was  necessarily  at 
present  at  an  end.  The  Ministers  considering  the  Circumstances  of 
their  Case  approv'd  their  Proceeding.  Mr.  Cole  (afterwards  Dr.  Cole) 
was  so  forward  as  to  Express  himself  at  the  same  time,  in  words  to 
this  Purpose.  Gentlemen  I  am  got  to  my  Hercules  Pillars ;  my  ne 
plus  ultra,  I  shall  go  no  farther.  And  indeed  he  was  tum'd  out  of 
Preston ;  but  found  some  stronger  Motives  in  other  Parts  :  For  he 
afterwards  Conform'd,  and  was  Lecturer  at  Dedham  in  Essex.  But  as 
for  Mr.   Ambrose  he  liv'd  and  dy'd  a  Nonconformist.  2 

The  following  letter  from  Thomas  Hodgkinson,  who  was 
Mayor. of  Preston  in  1672,  shows  that  Cole  was  still  here 
in  the  middle  of  July,  1662.  Too  much  should  not  be 
made  of  Lowde's  statement  that  Cole  was  involved  in  the 
"buhmess"  of  the  "rising":  — 

Mon. 

Right  WorrpU 
My  penn  shold  not  have  assumed  the  Boldness  of  writeing  to  yor 
selfe  but  that  I  feared  the  Miscarriage  hereof,  if  directed  to  my 
Brother  (being  sent  by  John  Cadman  now  upon  his  iorney  towards 
London)  Sr  the  occasion  is  as  foUoweth,  yesterday  there  came  into 
Serjeant  Bostocks  house  in  this  Towne  one  James  Bolton  &  [blank] 
Lowde  both  of  Blackeborne  hundd  and  after  some  discourse  Boulton 
addressed   himselfe   to   Serieant   Bostocke   with  th^e    (or   such  like) 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  995. 

2.  Calamy,  vol.  ii,  p.  409. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale 


1023 


expressions  (vizt)  well  now  I  am  one  that  come  to  Preston  to  buy 
Come  but  all  the  presbiterians  and  independants  about  Manchester 
Joyne  together  and  within  this  six  Weekes  you  shall  see  mee  in 
Preston  with  Horse  and  Annes  amongst  many  others  in  the  like 
equipage ;  And  for  this  Towne  of  Preston  you  are  All  Cavaliers  & 
must  bee  sequestred  againe ;  And  for  Lowde  hee  asked  the  Serjeant 
what  Mr.  Cole  was  and  afterwards  said  Let  him  be  of  what  pswasion 
hee  will  hee  is  an  honest  man  and  is  engaged  in  this  business.  Sr  this 
is  the  Substance  of  what  1  remembr  of  the  2  sevall  informations  given 
by  the  Said  Serjeant  Bostocke  to  Mr.  Maior  &  Mr.  Rigby  This  day ; 
Upon  which  Mr  Rigby  hath  sent  forth  his  Warrants  by  Abell  Mosse 
of  this  Towne  (of  whom  my  Brother  can  Informs  yor  Worsp)  to 
apphend  the  blads  and  wee  hope  to  see  them  here  this  night ;  if  not 
they  will  bee  brought  to  morrow  to  the  Justices  at  Ormke  Sessions 
whither  Mr.  Rigby  is  already  gone  to  waite  on  them ;  Sr  I  thought  my 
selfe  in  some  measure  obleiged  to  give  yor  WorppU  this  short  & 
'  sharp  narrative  of  this  transaccon,  and  humbly  begg  you  will  indulge 
mee  that  respect  as  not  to  Comunicate  the  Contents  too  publickly 
(being  onely  knowne  to  some  4  or  5  psons  here)  This  oppertunity  of 
sending  hath  p'vented  my  Coming  to  Wigan  to  morrow,  which 
otherwise  I  had  resolved  to  doe  upon  this  very  account. 
13  July  1662  The  rest  is  the  humble  Service  of 

Sr. 
For  the  Rt.  Wprspll  Sr.  Roger 

Yor  most  humble  &  devoted 
Bradshaigh  at  Haigh 

Servt 
These  THO  :   HODGKINSON.' 

psent. 

That  William  Cole  ultimately  conformed  may  be  taken 
fis  certain;  but  what  happened  to  him  iu  Preston?  On 
May  24th,  1660,  five  days  before  the  King's  entry  into 
London,  he  preached  his  Restoration  sermon.  This 
sermon  is  extremely  rare,  the  copy  in  the  Bodleian  being 
the  only  one  known  to  exist.  The  text  is  Is.  I.  25,  26, 
and  the  sermon  is  in  his  pedantic  style,  Latin,  Greek  and 
Hebrew  being  freely  interspersed.  The  dedication  is  to 
Sir  George  Booth,  being  dated  October  31,  1660,  and  as  it 
throws  considerable  light  upon  his  position  and  feeling  at 
the  time  the  following  from  it  may  be  acceptable  :  — 

Noah's  Dove  with  her  Olive-Branch  :  or  the  happy  Tidings  of  the 
Abatement   of  the   Flood    of    England's  CivU    Discords.     As    it    was 

1.  The  Bradshaigh  MS. 


I024  The   Ejected    of   1662 

delivered  in  a  Sermon  Preached  at  Preston  in  the  Coiwity  Palatine 
of  Lancaster  on  the  24th  of  May  1660.  Being  the  Publick  Day  of 
Thanksgiving  for  the  Restoration  of  his  Sacred  and  most  Excellent 
Majesty  Charles  the  Second.  By  William  Cole,  Batchelor  of  divinity 
and  Minister  of  the  Gospel  there.  Imaginem  Caesaris  Caesari  redde 
quae  in  nummo  est  imaginem.  Dei  Deo  quae  in  homine  est.  Tertul. 
de  Idololatr.  London,  Printed  by  James  Cottrel,  for  Nathaniel 
Webb  at  the  King's  Head  in  St.  Paul's  Church  Yard  1661.  Quarto, 
4  leaves,  and  pp.  36. 

In  the  dedication  he  speaks  of  having  had — 

no  small  amount  of  adversity  from  those  present  powers.  Since, 
the  preaching  hereof  I  have  with  no  little  sadness  of  spirit,  observed 
the  impetuous   torrent   of   unmerciful   reproaches   pouring  out    itself 

upon  many  pretious  servants  of  Jesus  Christ  within  this  County 

The  evil  will  of  some  persons  endeavours  to  fasten  upon  us  the  black 
imputations  of  Disaffection  and  Disloyalty  and  Dissatisfaction  with 
his  Majesties  supremacie  according  to  the  law. 

He  refers  to  the  Clergy  of  the  County  as  famous  for 
"  their  Fidelity  in  the  worst  times,"  and  "  notoriously 
disavowed  the  Titles  and  Triumphs  of  Usurpation."  He 
states  that  he  has  considerable  acquaintance  with  many 
"  Orthodox  Godly  Learned  Men,  whom  God  hath  set  up  as 
glorious  Lights  and  Stars  in  this  Northern  Hemisphere." 

Many  stars  of  the  greatest  magnitude  have  finished  their  courses — 
such  as  Herle,  HoUingworth,  Gee  &  others.  .  .  .  They  are  not  few  nor 
small  afflictions  and  losses  which  myself  and  some  others  have 
undergone  now  very  lately,  upon  the  account  of  our  objected  Non- 
conformity and  our  real  desires  to  wait  the  Royal  pleasure  of  his 
Sacred  Majesty  in  point  of  Publique  Worship,  as  also  our  willingness 
not  to  anticipate  or  pre-occupate  the  publique  resolution  of  State, 
by  our  own  private  determination  of  that  controversie  in  our  own 
particular  practise.  We  are  under  good  hopes  that  the  Determination 
of  these  things  (which  in  their  present  posture  may  so  easily  be  made 
the  advantage  of  serving  the  particular  spleens  and  passions  of  men 
against  many  godly,  and  orthodox  and  peaceable  in  the  land)  will 
produce  such  a  Reformation  and  Moderation  as  will  issue  in  mutual 
satisfaction  to  all  of  indifferent  persuasions.  For  my  own  part, 
although  I  do  profess  myself  zealously  affected  to  a  common 
Uniformity,  provided  it  be  bottom'd  upon  such  foundations  as 
do  not  carry  in  them  just  cause  of  dissent  or  discontent  :  Yet 
I  cannot  but  remember  what  TertuUian  speaks  when  men  do 
adimere  libertatem  Religionis  &  interdicere  Optionem  Divinitatis ; 
which   he   there   calls   Eulogium    non    Religionis    sed  Irreligiositatis. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale 


1025 


I  know  nothing  in  our  Ecclesiastical  Affairs,  but  may  with  comfort 
and  content  draw  in  the  whole  Body  into  a  common  mediocrity,  if 
the  sober  ventilation  of  controverted  things  might  have  place,  and  the 
passion  prejudice  and  opportunities  of  divided  Interests  might  be 
exploded.  I  publish  this,  that  all  men  may  see  That  it  was  not  the 
Confidence  of  Conformity  with  our  Principles,  that  was  the  founda- 
tion of  our  asserting  of  the  Royal  Interest;  that  we  bottom  not  our 
Allegiance  upon  the  Comporting  of  Authority  with  our  Judgements ; 
that  subjection  is  owned  to  be  our  duty,  although  we  should  fall 
under  the  most  diametral  opposition  of  Civil  Laws  and  Sanctions  to 
our  Principle  in  the  things  of  God ;  that  we  give  submission  to 
lawful  Powers,  though  we  should  suffer  the  deepest  affliction  by 
lawful  Powers,  which  yet  we  hope  we  shall  never  see.  Subjection  to 
Authority,  and  Subjection  to  Jesus  Christ,  are  not  things  of  incon- 
sistencie,  but  where  Christian  profession  is  made  up  more  of  the  dross 
of  self-interest,   then  of  the  refined  Gold   of  the   Sanctuary. 

It  is  clear  that  his  position  in  Preston  was  not  altogether 
easy  and  that  he  did  not  succeed  in  satisfying  either 
party.  His  friend  was  Henry  Xewcome  of  Manchester, 
who  has  a  series  of  interesting  references  to  him  in  his 
Diary  as  follows  :  — 

1661/2  Wednes.  Jan.  8.     I  received  a  letter  from  Mr.  Ambrose  & 

Mr.    Cole  touchinge  ye   E.  of  Darby.     Ye   Ld   direct  us   to   doe   wt 

may  be  right  &  for  God's  glory.' 

1661/2  Frid.  Jan.  10  :  Mr.  Harrison  met  mee  at  Stockport  to  conclude 

our  writeinge  about  ye  E.  of  Derby.     And  after  I  cam  home  I  wrot 

ye  letter  over  yt  went  to   London,   and  after  wrot  to  Mr.    Cole,   & 


to  Mr.  Eccleston.^ 

1662  Satturdy   Sep.    13. 
Ashurst  touchinge  Caldcot. 

1662-3.     Tues.  Mar.  17. 


Wrot  letters  to  my  Br.   Mr.  Cole   &  Mr. 


I  wrot  to  Mr.  Cole  ys  eveninge.^ 

Cole  makes  his  last  appearance  in  the  Preston  Registers 
on  April  21,  1662;  but  the  extracts  from  Xewcome's  Diary 
suggest  that  he  was  in  the  neighbourhood  in  March  1662-3. 
The  tendency  of  modern  writers  is  to  deny  that  Cole  was 
ejected,  and  I  confess  to  considerable  suspicion  respecting 
men  classed  by  Calamy  as  ejected  who  afterwards  con- 
formed; but  on  the  whole  I  am  inclined  to  think  that, 


1.  Diary  C.  S.  (O.S.),  vol.  xviii,  p.  43. 

2.  Ihid.,  p.  44. 

3.  Ibid.,  p.  121. 

4.  Ibid.,  p.  168. 


I026  The   Ejected   of  1662 

whether  Cole  suffered  forcible  Ejection  or  not,  in  view  of 
his  boast  about  his  ne  plus  ultra  he  found  it  in  every  way 
desirable  that  he  should  remove.  He  was  presented  to 
the  living  at  Dedham  June  10,  1663,  by  Charles  II,  and 
compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  there  in  1663.  He 
resigned  before  1665.  In  Newcourt's  "  B-epertorium  "  is 
the  following  :  — - 
Dedham  :  Vicar. 
Henchm.     Will.  Cole  CI.  6  Jun.  1663  per  mort  ult.  Vic' 

There  were  members  of  the  Cole  family  resident  in 
Dedham  in  1640.  Samuel  Cole  and  John  Crosse  "Clothiers 
of  Dedham  "  were  charged  in  that  year  with  "  speaking 
many  disloyal  words  of  his  Majesty  and  abuse  his  pro- 
ceedings against  the  Scots  whom  they  said  were  honest 
people  and  would  do  us  no  harm,  but  rather  good."  ^ 
Possibly  their  presence  may  explain  William  Cole's 
removal  thither.  Calamy  refers  to  him  as  Dr.  Cole,  but 
it  is  possible  that  that  is  a  confusion  for  Dr.  William  Cole, 
an  eminent  physician,  who  practised  in  Worcester  and 
London,  and  died  in  1716,  aged  81  years.  ^  William  Cole 
married  Grace,  the  daughter  of  John  Jenkinson,  4  draper 
of  Preston ;  and  the  following  notice  of  her  burial  appears 
in  the  Preston  Registers  :  — 

1676-7  February  Mrs.  Cole  relict  of  Wm.  Cole  Clerk  of  Preston. 

From  this  it  appears  that  William  Cole  predeceased  his 
wife.     He  was  living,  however,  within  two  or  three  years 

1.  Vol.  ii,  p.  210. 

2.  Cal.  S.  P.  for  1640,  p.  612. 

3.  Al.  Ox. 

4.  Among  the  buildings  which  occupied  the  site  on  which  the  Preston 
Town  Hall  now  stands  was  a  large  picturesque  hcuse  in  1629.  This  date 
was  inscribed  upon  it  in  two  places  and  in  addition  the  letters  I.  A.  I. 
[John  and  Ann  Jenkinson].  John  Jenkinson  died  before  the  building 
was  erected,  but  he  left  instructions  in  his  Will  that  it  should  be 
proceeded  with.  The  Preston  Registers  contain  the  following  : — 
"Burialls  Februarie  1628-9  Mr.  Jenkinson  drap.  Sept  20  die."  He  left 
two  daughters,  Elizabeth  died  young ;  and  Grace  married  William  Cole. 
Two  daughters  were  the  product  of  this  marriage,  vizt.  Grace  and  Anne. 
(Vide  "Ancient  Houses  in  the  Market  Place  of  Preston."  By  Wm. 
Dobson.) 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  1027 

of  that  time;  for  Henry  Newcome  refers  to  him  in  the 
following  terms,  on  March  28,  1673  : — • 

Mr.    Cole,    in    his    way   to  London  was  with   me  to    prosecute    an 
invitation  of  me  into  Ireland  again.' 
In  the  Preston  Guild  HoUs  appear  the  following  :  — 
1662  Cole  Gulielmus  Cler.  Jur. 
1682  Cole  Ed'us  filius  Thomae  Cole  de  Cole  Ar.^ 

It  is  interesting  to  note  that  he  was  admitted  a  free 
burgess  as  early  as  1654.  The  White  Book  of  Preston 
gives  the  following  :  — 

Wm.  Cole  Clearke  minister  off  ye  Gospell  att  St.  John's  in  New 
Caatle  upon  Tyne,  admitted  a  free  man  by  coppie  of  Cort  Rolle 
gratis,  the  31st  of  July  1654,  att  wch  tyme  hee  tooke  the  oath  of  a 
free  man. 

Doubtless  we  are  to  see  here  the  influence  of  the  Jenkinson 
family  into  which  he  married,  and  with  which  no  doubt 
he  became  acquainted  during  his  Kirkby  Lonsdale 
ministry.  The  Administration  Bond  also  of  a  "  William 
Coale  of  Preston  "  was  presented  at  Richmond  in  1680.  In 
addition  to  the  Funeral  Sermon  for  Henry  Masy,  William 
Cole  was  joint  author  of  "  The  Perfect  Pharisee,"  &c. 
(1654)3 

During  his  residence  in  Kirkby  Lonsdale  he  came  much 
into  contact  with  the  Quakers,  and  was  one  of  their  most 
powerful  opponents.  At  the  Sessions  held  at  Appleby, 
Jan.  1652-3,  James  Nayler,  the  Quaker,  was  tried  on  a 
charge  of  blasphemy,  and  among  the  witnesses  were 
William  Cole  and  Francis  Higginson  of  Kirkby  Stephen. 
William  Cole  is  simply  mentioned  by  name  without  the 
name  of  the  place  where  he  was  ministering.  An  account 
of  the  trial  is  given  by  Besse,  and  it  is  interesting  as 
illustrating  the  type  of  questions  put  to  the  accused 
Quakers  in  those  days."^  William  Cole  also  wrote  a 
Prefatory    Letter    to    Isaac  Ambrose's   "  Ministration  of 

1.  Autobiography.     C.    S.   (O.S.),  vol.    xxvii,   p.  206. 

2.  Preston  Guild  Eolls  (Record  Society,  vol.  ix),  pp.  127,  184. 

3.  Vide  pp.  932,  935. 

4.  Sufferings  of  the  Quakers,  vol.  ii,  p.  3. 


I02  8  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Angels,"  dated  "  Octob.  8,  1661,"  ^  he  being  then  at 
Preston.  It  appears  side  by  side  with  one  from  E-ichard 
Baxter  dated  Nov.  29,  1661,  and  is  in  striking  contrast 
with  it.  Dr.  Halley  says  of  it :  — "  It  is  about  as  pedantic 
and  pretentious  a  letter  as  was  ever  written  by  a  doctor  in 
divinity."  ^  It  is  impossible  to  read  it  without  appreciat- 
ing the  justice  of  this  remark. 

John  Smith,  1652/3—1657. 

His  appointment  and  Augmentation  are  referred  to  in 
the  following  :  — 

Newcastle  upon 

Tyne. 

Kirkby  Lonsdale.  By  the  Comrs.  March  31st  1653. 

Whereas  Mr.  John  Smyth  hath  addressed  himselfe  to  us  desiring 
to  bee  approved  for  the  worke  of  the  Ministry  and  upon  tryall  and 
examinacon  of  his  Guifts  before  us  by  divers  godly  and  able  Minrs. 
according  to  the  Rule  of  the  Act  of  Parliamt  is  found  fitt  to  preach 
the  Gospell  of  Jesus  Christ  and  to  bee  duely  qualifyed  and  guifted 
for  that  holy  Imployment  and  hath  given  us  Satisfaccon  of  his  Holy 
life  and  Conversacon  and  Conformity  to  the  psent  Government  These 
are  therefore  by  vertue  of  the  power  and  Authority  to  us  given  by 
the  parliamt.  to  appoint  and  Constitute  the  said  Mr.  Smyth  Minister 
of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  in  the  County  of  Westmland  and  for  his  Support 
and  Maintennce  It  is  ordered  that  the  Viccaridge  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale 
aforesaid  and  the  Tythes  of  Burton  and  al  the  Tythes  usually  brought 
to  Burton  by  the  Bame  bee  setled  upon  the  said  Mr.  John  Smyth  hee 
paying  the  fee  farme  rent  of  nineteen  poundes  p  Annirai  to  the 
purchassers  thereof  and  that  hee  bee  discharged  and  freed  (as  much 
as  in  us  lyes)  from  payment  of  the  Tenthes  for  the  future  and  hee  is 
hereby  vested  in  the  same  and  as  Lawfully  seised  thereof  to  all  intents 
and  purposes  as  if  he  had  been  Instituted  and  Inducted  according 
to  any  former  Course  of  Lawe. 

G.  Vane  Henry  Ogle  Tho  Craister  John  Ogle  Wm  Shafto  Lu. 
Rillingworth  Tho.  Langhorne  Hen.  Horsly  Wilhn  Dawson  G.  Dawson 
Edw.  Winter  Cuth.  Studholme.  E.  Anth.  Parsons." 

Kirkby  Lonsdale. 

The    like    for  Mr.   John    Smyth    of    Kirkby    Lonsdale    in    Count. 
Westmland  Dated  att  Whitehall  ye  9th  May  1654. 
Jo.  Nye,  Regr.  4 

1.  Vide  Ambrose's  Works  (Ed.  1759),  p.  917 

2.  Lancashire  :  its  Puritanism  and  Nonconformity,  vol.  ii,  p.  201,  note. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  1006. 

4.  Ibid.,  968. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  1029 

Westmerland 

Kerby  Longsdale.  April  5.   1655. 

Mr.  Smyth  ye  value  of  ye  liveing  451i — 35li  allow  him  out  of  Warton 
Lane.  1 

Kirkby  Lonsdale 

Dec.  2.  1656.  Reed.  Thursday  10th  Aprill  1656. 

Att  the  Councell  att  Whitehall  Ordered  by  his  Highnes  the  Lord 
Protector  and  the  councell  that  it  bee  recomended  to  the  Trustees  for 
maintenance  of  Ministers  to  consider  of  adding  to  the  Augmentacon 
of  the  Minister  of  Kirkby  Longsdale  eight  poundes  out  of  Bolton 
and  two  poundes  six  shillinges  eight  pence  out  of  Cawby  being  not 
disposed  of. 

Hen.  Scobell  CI.  of 
the   Councell.  2 

Kerby  Lonsdale.  May  i3.  1656. 

Whereas  the  Comrs  for  propagation  of  the  Gospell  in  the  fower 
Northerne  Counties  have  by  theire  ordr  of  ye  31  of  March  1653 
Graunted  the  tenthes  of  the  vicarage  of  Kerby  Longsdale  in  the 
County  of  Westmerland  being  two  pounds  one  shilling  &  six  pence  to 
&  for  increase  of  the  maintennce  of  the  Minr  of  Kirby  Longsdale 
aforesaid  It  is  ordered  that  the  same  bee  from  time  to  time  Continued 
unto  Mr.  John  Smith  Minr  of  Kirby  Longsdale  aforesd  (approved 
according  to  the  Ordinance  for  Approbacon  of  publique  Preachers)  to 
&  for  a  further  increase  of  his  maintennce  over  &  above  the  Augmen- 
tacon of  ffive  &  thirty  pounds  a  yeare  setled  upon  him  by  ordr  of  the 
2  of  April  last  And  that  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recr  is  hereby 
appointed  to  pay  the  same  accordingly  Provided  that  this  ordr  bee 
first  entred  wth  the  Auditor. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Jo  Humfrey  Ri  Yong  Ri  Sydenham  Jo  Pocock.'' 

Kirby  Longsdale.  Decemb  2.  1656. 

In  pursuance  of  an  order  of  his  Highnes  the  Lord  Protector  and 
the  Councell  of  the  10th  of  April  1656  It  is  ordered  that  the  yearely 
Same  of  two  poundes  six  shillings  eight  pence  be  and  the  same  is 
hereby  graunted  to  and  for  a  further  increase  of  maintennce  to  the 
Minister  of  Kirby  Longsdale  in  the  County  of  Westmland  over  and 
above  the  Augmentacon  already  in  charge  upon  these  Trustees.  And 
that  the  same  be  from  time  to  time  paid  unto  Mr.  John  Smith 
Minister  of  Kirby  Longsdale  aforesaid  (approved  according  to  the 
Ordinance  for  approbacon  of  publique  preachers)  out  of  the  rents  & 
profitts    of    the   improprate   tithes    of    Coulby  in    the    said    County 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.)   1021. 

2.  Ihid.,  977. 

3.  Ibid.,  971. 


I030  The  Ejected   of  1662 

for  such  time  as  he  shall  discharge  the  duty  of  the  Minister  of  the 
said  place  or  untill  further  order  of  these  Trustees  And  Mr.  Edmund 
Bra<nthwaite  Receiver  is  hereby  appoted  to  pay  the  same  unto  him 
accordingly  Provided  that  this  ordr  be  first  entered  wth  the  Auditor. 
John  Thorowgood  John  Humfrey  Ra  Hall  Ri  Sydenham  Richard 
Yong.' 

The  baptismal  entry  of  a  child  is  given  in  the  Registers : 

fiebruary  1652  Baptiz'd  Willm  Smith  fil.  John  Smith  Clerck  Kerby 
13th. 

Calamy  and  Palmer  wrongly  assign  "  Kirkby  Longsdale  " 
to  Lancashire,  and  say  that  John  Smith  was  ejected  from 
this  place.  No  particulars  are  given  beyond  the  mere 
statement  of  the  fact,  but  both  are  errors. ^  The  truth  is 
that  the  ministerial  Smiths,  the  Johns  preponderating, 
were  very  numerous  in  these  northern  parts  about  this 
period,  and  it  is  almost  impossible  to  find  a  clear  way 
through  them.  There  was  a  John  Smith  appointed  in 
1654  as  Itinerant  Preacher  for  Eskdale,  Wastdale,  Mun- 
caster,  Irton  and  Drigg;  a  John  Smith  who  removed  from 
Melling  before  1650  to  a  benefice  in  Northumberland;  a 
John  Smith  at  Rainford  Jan.  1653-4.  Dr.  Shaw  men- 
tions John  Smith  of  Kirby,  Aug.  1655  (Kirkby  being  in 
Walton  Parish,  near  Liverpool)  as  ejected  in  1662.^  This 
surely  must  be  a  mistake,  for  Nehemiah  Ambrose  was 
ejected  from  that  place ;  and  John  Smith  of  Kirkby 
Lonsdale  joined  in  a  Certificate  to  P.  Jackson,  School- 
master of  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  on  his  appointment  to  Warton, 
near  Lancaster,  in  Aug.  1655.  Similarly  in  a  Certificate 
to  Ambrose  Rowland,  dated  Oct,  16,  1657,  for  Appleby. 
Under  date  1664,  Besse  *  says  that  Miles  "Walker  had 
goods  taken  from  him  to  the  value  of  18s.  for  an  Easter 
Reckoning  by  John  Smith  "  Priest  of  Kirby-Lonsdale," 
the  amount  of  the  demand  being  Is.  6d.  Unfortunately 
Besse  is  not  always  reliable  in  his  dates;  and  there  must 
be  some  error  here,  either  in  the  name  of  the  "  Priest "  or 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  993. 

2.  He  does  not  appear  in  Calamy's  First  Edition. 

3.  Bury  Classis,  C.S.  (N.S.).  vol.  41,  p.  254. 

4.  Sufferings  &c.,  vol.  ii,  p.  14. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  103 1 

the  date,  as  John  Smith  had  been  gone  from  Kirkby 
Lonsdale  some  six  years.  Whatever  is  doubtful  it  is 
certain  that  John  Smith  was  not  ejected  from  Kirkby 
Lonsdale  :  for  he  appears  to  have  left  before  the  end  of 
1657.     What  became  of  him  is  not  known. 

Richard  Tatham,  1657. 

He  removed  to  this  place  from  Heversham,  and  his 
appointment  to  Kirkby  Lonsdale  is  referred  to  in  the 
following  documents  :  — 

Kirkby  Lonsdale 
in  Com. 
Westmrland. 

Mr.  Richard  Tatham — admitted  the  16th.  day  of  Decemr.  1657  to 
the  V.  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale  in  the  County  of  Westmrland  Upon  a 
Pres.  exhibited  the  same  day  from  his  Highnes  the  Lord  protector 
under  his  Seal  Manuall  And  Certificates  from  Geo.  ffothergill  of  Orton 
fir.  Higginson  of  Kirby  Stephen  Ambrose  Rowland  of  Appleby  Will 
Garnet  Wm.  Applegarth.^ 

Kirkby  Longsdale.  December  18.  1657. 

The  Trustees  having  the  22  of  April  1656  Graunted  the  yearely  sume 
of  thirty  five  poundes  unto  Mr.  John  Smith  Minister  of  Kirkby 
Longsdale  in  the  County  of  Westmerland  who  is  since  removed  It  is 
Ordered  that  the  said  Thirty  five  poundes  a  yeare  be  graunted  to  and 
for  encrease  of  the  maintenance  of  the  Minister  of  Kerkby  Longsdale 
aforesaid  and  from  time  to  time  paid  unto  Mr.  Richard  Tatham  prete 
Minister  there  approved  by  the  Comrs  for  Approbacon  of  publique 
preachers  To  hold  for  such  time  as  he  shall  continue  Minister  there  or 
further  order  of  these  Trustees  out  of  the  rents  and  profitts  of  the 
tythes  of  Warton  in  the  County  of  Lancaster  And  that  Mr.  Robert 
Stockdale  Recr  doe  pay  the  same  unto  him  accordingly  to  be  accompted 
from  the  25th  day  of  December  instant. 

Edward  Cressett  Ra.  Hall  Jo.  Humfrey  Richard  Sydenham  Jo. 
Pocock.   2 

Kirby  Longsdale.  December  18.  1657. 

The  Trustees  having  the  18th  of  December  instant  ccmtinued  the 
yearely  Sume  of  thirty  five  poundes  unto  Mr.  Richard  Tatham 
Ministr  of  Kirby  Longsdale  in  the  County  of  Westmland  out  of  the 
tithes  of  Warton  in  the  County  of  Lancastr  It  is  ordered  that  the 
further  yearely  sume  of  three  poundes  foure  shillings  and  two  pence 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  998. 

2.  Ihid.,  995. 


1032  The   Ejected   of  1662 

be  continued  to  the  Ministr.  of  Kirby  Longsdale  aforesaid  the  same 
being  formerly  approved  by  his  Highnes  and  Councel  out  of  the 
particulars  hereafter  menconed  vizt  the  Tenthes  of  the  Vicarage  of 
Kerby  aforesaid  amounting  to  Seaventeen  shillinges  six  pence  a  yeare 
and,  the  further  yearely  sume  of  two  poundes  six  shillinges  eight  pence 
out  of  the  Rectory  of  Cowlby  in  the  same  County  To  hold  from  the 
25th  of  December  instant  for  such  time  as  he  shall  continue  Ministr 
there  or  further  order  of  these  Trustees  And  that  Mr.  Edmund 
Branthwaite  Recr  doe  pay  the  same  unto  him  Accordingly. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Edward  Cressett  Ra  Hall  Ri  Yong  George  Cowper.i 

Further  information  respecting  Richard  Tatham  is 
wanting. 

Edmund  Tatham,  M.A.,  1661. 

He  was  of  Christ's  College,  Cambridge,  and  compounded 
for  his  First  Fruits  in  1662.  The  name  is  inserted  on  the 
authority  of  the  Act  Book,  which  gives  the  date  of  his 
Institution  as  Sept.  30,  1661,  on  a  Presentation  by  the 
Master  and  Fellows  of  Trinity  College,  Cambridge.  There 
is,  however,  some  difficulty  because,  according  to  the 
Registers,  Henry  Hoyle  comes  upon  the  scene  about  this 
time.  Edmund  Tatham,  a  member  of  a  local  family,  was 
instituted  to  the  living  at  Tunstall,  no  great  distance 
away,  in  1664.  Whether  the  two  were  identical  has  not 
been  ascertained ;  but  he  appears  to  have  remained  at 
Tunstall  until  1699. 

Henry  Hoyle,  B.A.,  1664—1676. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  "  Tho.  Candidas  Casa. 
Epon.  'Nov.  13,  1661,  and  Priest  by  the  same  Dec.  13, 
1661."     The  Registers  say:  — 

Incipit  January  1661  Hen.  Hoyle  Vicarius  Ecclesiae. 

The  Institution  Books,  however,  have  June  8,  1664,  as  the 
date  of  his  Institution,  the  Presentation  being  the  same 
as  in  the -previous  case,  and  he  compounded  for  his  First 
Fruits  in  that  year.  Can  it  be  that  Henry  Hoyle  was 
serving  as  Curate  until  1664?  At  the  Bishop's  Visitation 
June  27,  1674,  he  exhibited  and  appeared  as  Yicar  with 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  995.  MS.  1012  also  states  the 
continuance  of  the  Augmentation  "  to  Mr  Ri  Tatham  from  ye  25.  of 
Dec.  next  1657. 


Kirkby    Lonsdale  1033 

E,obert  Gardiner  as  "  Ludimagr."  According  to  the 
Kendal  Indictment  Book  he  was  charged  at  the  General 
Sessions  held  Jan.  15,  1674,  with  trespass  upon  the  pro- 
perty of  Jeromie  Claughton  of  Cunrigg  "  infra  Kirkby 
Lonsdale,"  and  a  "  Billa  vera  "  was  returned  against  him. 
His  name  appears  in  the  E-egisters  for  the  last  time  in 
November  1675. 

John  Briggs,  B.A.,  1676—1737. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  the  Archbishop  of  York 
Sept.  25,  1670 ;  Priest  April  5,  1671 ;  and  on  Nov.  15,  1671, 
he  was  instituted  to  the  Hectory  of  "  Heighsham  in  the 
'deanery  of  Kendal  on  the  Presentation  of  Thomas  Mather 
gent,"  ^  where  he  compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  in  1674. 
Baines  says  that  he  was  deprived  on  the  charge  of  Simony. ^ 
He  was  instituted  to  Kirkby  Lonsdale  in  Nov.  1676,  on 
the  death  of  Henry  Hoyle,  and  inducted  on  the  23rd  of 
ihat  month  by  Richard  Jackson,  Rector  of  Whittingham, 
and  Leonard  Jackson,  "  de  eod.  Church."  The  Kendal 
Indictment  Book  for  1696  gives  among  persons  qualified 
io  serve  as  Jury  for  Lonsdale  ward,  "  Edward  Bambrigg, 
CI.  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  lives  in  Ireland."  Probably  this 
simply  means  that  he  was  a  native  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale. 
A  notice  of  the  burial  of  John  Briggs  appears  in  the 
Registers  thus  :  — 

Aprill  1737.  18th  Sept.  Mr.  John  Briggs  vicar  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale 

aged  91  and  in  the  61  year  of  his  Residence  at  this  Church. 

It  has  already  been  intimated  that  Kirkby  Lonsdale 
had  its  Lectureship  as  well  as  Kendal,  both  Buchanan 
and  Cole  holding  the  position  for  some  time.  Previous 
"to  this,  however,  Henry  Masy  and  William  Ellison  served 
as  such.  2 

1.  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  History  of  Lancashire  (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  504. 

3.  Vide  p.  877. 


11.      THE  WINDERMERE  GROUP. 

I.     WINDEEMERE. 

The  Parish  Church  of  this  town,  dedicated  to  St. 
Martin,  has  Registers  dating  back  to  1610.  The  earliest 
volume  is  in  poor  condition,  many  of  the  entries  being 
illegible  and  mildewed.  The  second  begins  in  1637,  and 
at  the  commencement  is  the  following  :  — "  Windermere 
Baptizati  Anno  Salutis  1637."  This  volume  consists  of 
large,  square  parchment  leaves ;  while  a  third  book  is  very 
small  containing  exceedingly  rough  entries.  It  would 
seem  that  the  Troutbeck  and  Ambleside  Registers  were  in 
part  entered  here.  Nicolson  and  Burn  treat  this  part  of 
Westmorland  very  indifferently,  as  they  do  also  the 
western  side  of  Cumberland.  They  give  little  or  no 
information  about  the  Church  at  Windermere,  and  none 
whatever  about  its  Incumbents.  Whellan  begins  with  a 
Rector  in  1750,  and  states  that  the  Registers  date  from 
1670.  The  following  is  a  list  of  Incumbents  for  the 
period  with  which  we  are  concerned.^ 

Adam  Carus,  1548—1586. 

He  was  the  son  of  William  Cams  of  Esthwaite,  Whin- 
iell,  Kendal,  and  brother  to  Sir  Thomas  Cams,  Knt.,  one 
of  the  Justices  of  the  Queen's  Bench  in  1546.  In  the 
£rst  consecration  deed  of  Troutbeck  "  Chappell,"  it  is 
stated  that  it  was  done  with  the  "  express  consent  and 
assent  of  that  worshipful  man  Mr.  Adam  Carehouse, 
•clarke.  Rector  of  the  Parish  Church  of  Windermer."     He 

1.  Much  assistance  has  been  obtained  from  Mr.  George  Browne  of 
Troutbeck,  who  contributed  the  list  which  appears  in  the  "History  of 
Windermere  Parish  Church "  by  the  present  Rector,  Rev.  Euston  J. 
Nurse,  M.A. ;  and  whose  paper,  "  The  Advowsooi  and  Some  of  the 
Rectors  of  Windermere  since  the  Reformation,"  is  very  valuable  (Trans., 
<(N.S.),  vol.  ix,  p.  41). 


1036  The    Ejected   of  1662 

died  in  1586.  William  Carus  of  Westmorland,  who 
matriculated  at  Merton  College,  Oxford,  June  14,  1582,. 
at  the  age  of  20 ;  and  Thomas  Carus  of  Westmorland,  who 
matriculated  at  Queen's  College,  Nov.  21,  1628,  at  the- 
age  of  17,  both  subsequently  graduating  M.A.,  were- 
probably  connections. 

John  Lindow,  1586 — 1594. 

He  was  instituted  Rector  of  "  Winandermer  on  April 
28th,  1586,  on  the  death  of  Adam  Carus,"  the  patrons 
Miles  Philipson  and  Thomas  Benson  presenting.  There- 
was  a  William  Lindowe,  Yicar  of  TJrswick,  who  died  about 
1620. 

William  Sawrey,  1594—1610. 

He  was  the  second  son  of  Henry  Sawrey  of  Plumpton,. 
near  Ulverston,  and  Jane,  daughter  of  William  Carus  of 
Esthwaite,  sister  to  Adam  Carus  before  named.  The 
baptismal  entry  of  William  Sawrey  in  the  Ulverston 
Parish  Church  Registers  is  as  follows :  — 
1564  September  4  William  Sawraie. 

He  was  serving  in  some  capacity  at  Gosforth  in  1593,^ 
though  he  is  said  to  have  been  instituted  Yicar  of  Preston, 
Dec.  21,  1592,  holding  the  living  until  Nov.  1603,  when 
he  resigned.  In  1606,  however,  he  had  Halton,  near 
Lancaster,  conferred  upon  him,  so  that  during  the  greater 
part  of  his  Windermere  ministry  he  was  a  Pluralist.  He 
voided  both  livings  in  1610,  but  whether  by  death  or 
resignation  has  not  been  ascertained.  On  Dec.  20,  1609, 
letters  of  sequestration  were  granted  to  "  Chrest.  Phillip- 
son  and  Ludovicus  Willins,"  Thomas  Parker  being 
"  Curate  and  Clerk."  -  Roger  Sawrey,  the  distinguished 
Cromwellian  soldier  and  eminent  Nonconformist,  whose 
home  at  Broughton  Tower  was  frequently  a  meeting  place 

1.  Vide  p.  837. 

2.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry).  Vide  Histories  of  Preston  by 
Col.  Fishwick  and  Tom  C.  Smith  respectively  :  also  Baines's  Lancashire 
(Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  p.  320.  These  three  writers  give  William 
Sawrey's  father  as  John  Sawrey,  but  Mr.  Greorge  Browne  says  Henry 
Sawrey. 


Windermere 


1037 


for  Nonconformists  in  the  days  of  tlieir  exile  and  suffer- 
ing, belonged  to  this  family.  There  was  a  William 
Sawrey  at  Urswiek,  who  was  instituted  there  Jan.  11, 
1546-7,  and  held  the  living  a  little  more  than  seven  years.  ^ 

Thomas  Bousfield  or  Bowsfield,  M.A.,  1610 — 1627. 

He  was  the  son  of  Henry  Bousfield,  and  was  admitted 
to  the  Merchant  Taylors'  School,  June  23,  1563,  where  he 
attained  the  rank  of  head  scholar.  He  went  thence  to 
Pembroke  Hall,  Cambridge,  in  1568,  and  obtained  one  of 
Dr.  Watts's  Greek  Scholarships  there.  He  graduated 
B.A.  1575,  and  was  incorporated  at  Oxford,  May  23,  1577, 
taking  his  M.A.  degree  the  same  year.  He  was  Lecturer 
in  Logic  at  Queen's  College  in  1575,  Principal  of  St. 
Edmund  Hall  1581 — 1600,  Canon  of  Sarum  1577-85,  and 
1582—1621,  Eector  of  Trottiscliffe,  Kent,  1578—1621,  and 
of  Romney  Xewchurch,  Kent,  1581 — ^1621.-  It  will  be 
noticed  that  these  dates  in  part  include  the  period  during 
which  he  was  Rector  of  Windermere,  so  that  he  also  was 
a  Pluralist  on  a  very  considerable  scale.  The  date  of  his 
appointment  to  Windermere  is  given  in  the  Parish 
Registers  thus  :  — 

Memorandum  that  I  Thomas  Bousfeild  Parson  of  the  Rectorye  of 
Windermer  alias  Winandermer  have  read  the  Articles  of  Religion  and 
consented  the  xvth.  of  July  1610,  being  the  saboth,  in  the  audience 
of  the  Congregation. 

This  is  signed  among  others  by  Thomas  Parker,  clerk,  and 
"  Willm  Dyckson "  clerk,  the  former  being  the  Curate 
until  the  time  of  his  death  Dec.  1623.  It  is  surmised  that 
for  some  time  Bousfield  had  the  living  at  Killington,  near 
Sedbergh.  Certainly  he  was  resident  there  in  1612,  his 
son  being  born  there  in  that  year.^  Thomas  Bousfield 
died  in  March  1627,  his  Will  in  Somerset  House  was 
proved  April  7th  of  that  year. 


1.  The  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  Al.  Ox.  and  Ath.  Cant.,  vol.  ii,  p.  302. 

3.  Vide  p.  1093. 


1038  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Francis  Magson,  M.A.,  1627. 

This  is  quite  a  new  name,  appearing  in  no  previously 
printed  list.  He  was  ordained  Deacon  June  15,  1616,  and 
instituted  by  "Agneta  Fleming  vid,"  the  vacancy  being 
caused  by  the  death  of  Thomas  Bousfield.  Francis 
Magson  was  M.A.  of  Pembroke  College,  Cambridge,  in 
1609,  being  incorporated  at  Oxford  as  M.A.  14th 
July,  1612.^  His  tenure  of  the  living  was  short.  There 
was  a  Peter  Magson,  M.A.,  Master  of  the  Hawkshead 
Grammar  School,  in  1585;  and  a  person  of  that  name, 
doubtless  the  same.  Curate  of  Hawkshead  in  1600,  who 
died  in  1616.  Francis  Magson,  almost  certainly  the 
Windermere  Rector,  succeeded  Peter  Magson  as  Master  of 
the  Hawkshead  Grammar  School,  in  1616, ^  and  was 
probably  a  relative.  Is  Magson  the  same  as  Mayson  of 
Crosthwaite  and  Ambleside  ?  ^ 

James  Wakefield,  1627 — 1644. 

He  was  instituted  June  6,  1627,  on  the  Presentation  of 
Christopher  Philipson  of  Crook,  and  Gawin  Braithwaite 
of  Ambleside.  He  died  about  Sept.  1644.  The  Adminis- 
tration Bond,  dated  May  21,  1645,  is  as  follows:  — 

Bond,  Alice  Wakefield,  widow,  Thomas  Mason,  Minister  of  Amble- 
sett,  and  Gawen  Mackereth,  or  any  of  them  To  pay  &c  unto 
Nicholas  Wakefield,  Chrisfr  Wakefield,  John  Wakefield,  and  Ellen 
Wakefield,  naturall  and  lawfull  children  of  the  said  deceased,  when 
they  shall  respectively  accomplish  the  full  age  of  Twenty  one  years. 

Foster  gives,  among  his  Oxford  Alumni,  John,  Christo- 
pher and  iSTicholas  as  students  of  Queen's  College,  doubt- 
less the  three  sons  above  mentioned.  Nicholas  Wakefield 
was  at  Hornby  in  1655,  and  the  following  refers  to  Chris- 
topher Wakefield :  — 

Chresto  Wakefeild.  20  Junij  54. 

The  like  ordr  for  Chresto  Wakefeild  of  Burton  in  Longsdale  Com. 
Yorke  upon  an  ordr  from  ye  Comrs.  for  approbacon  of  16  Junij  '54 
directed  to  Yorke.  4 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Ibid. ;   Hist,  of  Lane.  (Croston's  Ed.),  vol.  v,  pp.  621,  622. 

3.  Vide  pp.  648,  1053. 

4.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  G.  22  (Eecord  Office). 


Windermere  J039 

An  Inventory  of  James  Wakefield's  goods  dated  Oct. 
4th,  1654,  appears  among  the  Riclimond  Wills. 

HiCHAED  Archer,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1645—1652. 

He  was  the  son  of  Edward  Archer  of  Kendal,  matricu- 
lated Queen's  College,  Oxford,  Nov.  21,  1628,  aged  18; 
was  bateller  in  1625;  graduated  B.A.  July  24,  1630;  M.A. 
June  27,  1633;  was  Fellow  1633 — 1646;  and  created  B.D. 
Nov.  1642.^  He  was  instituted  to  the  living  at  Winder- 
mere Feb.  12,  1644-5,  on  the  Presentation  of  Gawin 
Braithwaite  of  Ambleside,  Huddleston  Philipson  and 
Mary  Philipson,  both  of  Crook.  In  the  Westmorland 
Certificate  of  1646  he  is  referred  to  as  "  mnr.  of  Win- 
derme,  lately  Come  from  the  University  at  Oxford,  A 
Non-covenantr  and  disaffected."  ^  "  In  1642-3,"  says  Mr. 
Browne,  "  along  with  eleven  other  fellows,  he  received  for 
seven  weeks  5s.  a  week  in  lieu  of  commons,  owing  to  the 
college  being  broken  up  on  the  occasion  of  the  coming 
t)f  the  enemy!"     The  Registers  contain  the  following  :  — 

Richard  Archer  parsooa  of  Windermer  buried  the  16th.  of  November 
in  1652. 

The  Archers  were  a  leading  Kendal  family  during  this 
period.  "  Three  of  the  name,"  says  Mr.  Browne,  "  were 
Mayors  of  the  borough,  viz.,  John  Archer  1648-9;  George 
Archer  1658-9;  and  John  Archer,  M.D.,  1706-7."  The  first 
John  Archer  was  possibly  brother  of  Richard  Archer  the 
Rector;  and  he  was  father  of  John  Archer,  M.D.  A 
daughter  of  the  latter  married  William  Nicolson,  Bishop 
of  Carlisle. 

William  Kempe,  M.A.,  1653— 1657  (.^). 

This  also  is  a  new  name,  wrongly  given  as  Kenyon  by 
Baines.  Foster  has  two  persons  of  this  name,  who 
graduated  M.A.  at  Magdalen  College,  Oxford :  William 
Kempe  of  the  County  of  Stafford,  who  matriculated  May  6, 
1603,  aged  16,  took  his  B.A.  June  23,  1607,  and  M.A. 
June  26,  1610 ;  and  the  other,  a  son  of  William  Kempe  of 
Elberton,  Co.  Gloucester,  who  matriculated  Oct.  30,  1635, 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.   110. 


1040  The   Ejected    of   1662 

at  the  age  of  16,  graduated  B.A.  July  4,  1639,  and  M.A. 
April  30,  1642.  One  of  this  name,  he  says,  was  Hector  of 
Easton  Gray,  Wilts.,  in  1615;  and  another  was  beneficed 
in  Cornwall  and  Prebendary  of  Bristol  in  1660,^  but  he 
makes  no  attempt  to  identify  either  with  the  Rector  of 
Windermere.  The  point  left  uncertain  by  Foster  is  made 
clear  by  the  following,  which  also  gives  much  additional 
information :  — 

William  Kemp  born  at  Abbots  Bromily  in  Staffordshire  and  Mr. 
of  Arts  of  Magdalen  Hall  in  Oxford  where  he  was  Greek  Lecturer 
above  fifty  years  agoe  and  Parson  of  Easton  Gray  in  Wiltshire  wa& 
marryed  to  Mary  daughter'of  Mr.  William  Yeman  Vicar  of  St  Phillips 
and  one  of  the  Prebends  of  BristoU,  by  whom  he  had  eight  sons  and 
five  daughters,  who  was  buryed  at  Olveston  in  Gloucestershire.  He 
was  presented  to  the  Rectory  of  Puddymore  by  Sr  John  Horner  the 
patron  thereof,  and  for  his  Loyalty  to  the  King  was  plunderd,. 
Imprisond  and  Sequestred  and  his  Children  and  Goods  thrown  out  in 
the  Streets.  During  the  Usurpation  he  preach'd  and  practiced  Physick 
at  Hauxhead  in  Lancashire,  and  at  Tachbrook  in  Warwickshire,  & 
upon  the  King's  Restauration  was  made  one  of  the  Prebends  of  Bristol! 
and  restored  to  Puddymore,  where  he  livd  piously  and  peaceably 
preach'd  Constantly  and  Learnedly  and  Studyed  incredibly.  He  was 
TrepnraTetv  fiecriTOV  he  exchanged  this  life  on  St.  Barnaby's  day 
and  was  buryed  under  the  Communion  Table  the  three  and  twentyth 
day  of  June  1664.- 

Reverend  Sr. 

Charleton  Adam. 

June  ye  2d.   1708. 

This  waites  on  you  wth  an  account  of  my  father  and  his  sufferings 
under  ye  Usurpation  of  ye  Commonwealth  and  Tyrany  of  ye  OliveriEin 
Government  William  Kemp  Master  of  Arts  Greek  Reader  in  ye 
university  of  Oxford,  and  Prebend  of  the  Church  of  BristoU;  was- 
presented  by  Sir  John  Horner  to  ye  Rectory  of  Puddimore  Miltoo  in 
ye  County  of  Somerset  Anno  Domini  1639.  and  in  ye  yeare  1642.  wa» 
plundered  and  sequestred  by  Thomas  Inglish  of  Puddimore  and  other 
Committy  men  for  his  good  affection  to  ye  Church,  and  loyalty  to 
King  Charles  ye  1st  was  forced  him  his  house  with  eleaven  Children 
some  of  them  naked  to  thier  Shifts  and  Shoes,  others  of  his  Children 
were    forced  to   gett  their  bread   in   foreign   Countrys,  his   Ricks  of 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  W^alker  MSS.,  C.  3,  fol.  406.  In  the  same  MS.,  fol.  139,  is  another 
communication  copied  from  the  Pudymore  Registers  agreeing  in  most 
particulars  with  this.  It  states  that  he  had  eight  sons  and  five 
daughters. 


Windermere  1 04 1 

Come  wasted  or  sold  by  the  Souldiers,  twenty  of  his  large  folios  were 
sold  by  ye  Sequestrators  to  one  Glasbrook  a  dissenting  Teacher  near 
Crook-horne,  one  Wyate  was  the  Intruder  untill  ye  Restauration,  who 
nere  allowed  him  one  penny  for  ye  fifths  he  was  forbid  ye  exercise  of 
his  Ministry  teaching  Schoole,  amd  practising  Physick 
I  am  Sr.   your  most  humble  Servant 

Tho.  Kemp. 
Now   vicar  of   Charlton  Adam  Somsett. 
aetat.  88  [in  later  hand].' 

These  are  to  certifye  those  whom  it  may  Concerne  that  Wm  Kemp 
Clerke  Mr.  of  Arts  &  of  Westmerland  hath  beene  a  very  great  sufferer, 
for  his  good  Affection  to  the  Church,  and  his  Loyalty  to  the  King 
and  was  Ordered  by  the  powers  late  in  being,  to  be  secured  with  the 
King's  party  upon  pretence  of  plotts.  In  Witness  whereof  we  have 
subscribed  our  names  the  27th  day  of  August  1669  [the  9  looks  as  if 
it  had  been  altered  from  0]. 

This  I  veryly  believe  to  be  trewth.  C.  Howard. 

John  Lowther  Knight 
Thomas  Dacre  Knight  of  the  North 
Guilfrid  Lawson  Knight 
William  Huddleston  Knignt 
Tho  Sandforth 
Chresto  :   Dudley 
Jos.  Patrickson. 
Sr.  Wilts  June  18.  1708. 

Please   you  to  accept  these    from   yor   humble   sert. 

Sam.  Hill. 
I  had  'em  of  Mr.  Thomas  Kempe  of  Charlton  Adam  Somerset. 
[Addressed]  : 

To  The  Rd.  Mr.  Walker 
Rector  of 
•    St.  Maries 
In  Exeter 
Devon.  2 

There  is  no  date  to  the  first  document  nor  is  the  name 
of  the  sender  supplied ;  but  Thomas  Kempe,  the  writer  of 
the  second,  was  William  Kempe's  son.  The  two  docu- 
ments do  not  agree  in  reference  to  William  Kempe's 
deprivations,  and  what  truth  there  is  in  the  son's  statement 
that  he  was  allowed  neither  the  "  Practic  of  Physick " 
nor  to  teach  School  may  be  inferred  from  his  appointments 

1.  W^alker  MSS.,  C.  4,  fol.  19 

2.  Ihid.,  fol.  20. 


1042  The   Ejected    of  1662 

"both  at  Hawkshead,  Grasmere  and  Windermere.  In  view 
also  of  his  appointments  in  the  north  there  is  little  point 
in  the  charge  about  receiving  no  Fifths  from  Pudymore. 

Walker  embodies  these  materials  in  his  work.^  What 
led  to  the  advent  of  William  Kempe  to  these  northern 
parts  does  not  appear ;  nor  is  it  clear  how  far,  if  at  all,  he 
modified  his  attitude  so  as  to  secure  appointments,  but  in 
1645  he  was  instituted  to  Hawkshead  according  to  Baines,^ 
and  he  appears  as  a  member  of  the  Ninth  Classis  for 
Lancashire  in  1646,  being  styled  "minister  of  Hauxhead." 
In  the  Commonwealth  Survey  for  1650  under  Hawkshead 
it  is  said  that  "  ye  Minister  for  ye  time  being  is  Mr. 
William  Kempe."  ^     In  1647-8  he  appears  at  Grasmere.^ 

Even  in  July  1654,  he  is  still  referred  to  as  Minister  of 
Hawkshead,  the  following  Augmentation  Order  being 
evidence.  The  clerk  has  curiously  blundered  in  the  docu- 
ment having  written  Hawkshead  for  Kempe,  and  Kempe 
in  the  margin  instead  of  Hawkshead.  It  is  literally 
iranscribed  thus  :  — 

Wm  Kemp.  4  Aug.  '54. 

The  like  ordr  for  Mr.  Wm  Hawkshead  [Kempe]  in  Com.  Lanr  upon 
an  order  from  ye  Comrs  for  approbacon  6  July  54. 
Directed  to  Lane.  5 

If,  therefore,  his  Institution  to  Grasmere  previously  noted 
1)6  not  an  error,  it  would  appear  that  William  Kempe  held 
that  living  while  also  possessed  of  the  living  at  Hawks- 
head. When  he  relinquished  it  and  accepted  the  Win- 
dermere living  he  still  held  that  of  Hawkshead,  at  least 
for  some  time.*'  His  appointment  to  Windermere  is  given 
in  the  following  terms  :  — 

1.  Walker,  Pt.  ii,  p.  289. 

2.  Baines's  Hist,  of  Lane,  vol.  v,  p.  621. 

3.  Rec.  Soc.,  vol.  i,  p.  140. 

4.  Vide  p.   1060. 

5.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  G.  22  (Record  Office). 

6.  William  Kempe's  is  more  like  a  case  of  Pluralism  under  the 
•Commonwealth  than  anything  yet  met  with.  There  are,  however,  too 
many  doubtful  elements  in  it  to  pronounce  definitely.  Until  further 
light  dawns  it  can  only  be  regarded  as  a  case  for  suspicion. 


Windermere 


1 04  3- 


Windermere 

Rectory. 

William  Kempe 

pres.  29  Aprill 

1653 

William  Kempe 

Cert,  as  aforesaid 

by 

Tho.  Shaw  of 
Aldingham 
Tho.  Walker  of 
Kendale 
Roger  Bateman 
Wm.  Knipe. 


Know  all  men  by  these  psents  That  the  sixth 
day  of  June  in  the  yeare  1654  There  was  exhibited 
to  ye  Comrs.  &c.  a  presentation  of  William  Kempe 
Gierke  to  ye  Rectory  of  Windermere  in  ye  Cormty 
of  Westmerland  made  to  him  by  Thomas  Brath- 
waite  Esqr.  and  Mary  philipson  widow  the  prones 
[patrons]  thereof  Together  with  &c.  said  William 
Kempe  &c.  approved  the  said  William  Kempe  &c. 
admitt  the  said  William  Kempe  to  the  Rectory  of 
Windermere  aforesaid  to  be  full  and  perfect  posses- 
sor and  Incimibent  thereof  &c.  In  witness  &c. 
Dated  at  Whitehall  the  26th  day  of  June  1654.' 


That  he  was  here  in  1655  is  evident  from  the  follow- 
ing, which  may  also  furnish  some  clue  to  the  cause  of 
the  troubles  which  overtook  him  later :  — 

The  xith  daie  of  July  1655  with  force  and  armes  Wm  Kempe 

at  Windermer  in  ye  Countie  aforesd  [Westmorland]  of  Winderm 

One  assessmt  bill  for  six  monethes  assessmt  for  ye  Gierke 

army    from    Richard    Dixon,   deputy    Constable    of  \&n.  fac. 

undermilhecke  did  take  and  out  of  ye  said  Richard  Cap.  al.  Sur,. 

his  hands  did  wrest  and  extort  and  ye  due  from  ye  Travsed   18 

said  Richard  did  deteyne  and  as  yet  doth  detaine  April  1656 

by    reason    whereof    ye   said    Deputy    Constable    is  18  July  1656 

disabled  to   Collect  ye  rest  of  yt  said   assessmt  for  found  guilty 

undermilheck  to  ye  great  retardacon  of  ye  publique  ffine  xijs. 
Service  to  ye   evill  example  of  others  and  agt.  ye 
publique  peace.* 

At  the  General  Sessions,  April  18,  1656,  "  before  Eobert 
Jackson,  Mayor  of  Kendall,  Thomas  Brathwait  and  John 
Archer  Esqrs.  Keepers  of  the  publiqe  peace  and  Justices 
assizes "  in  reference  to  this  Indictment  we  have  the 
following  :  — 

Recogn.  taken  in  Cort  at  the  Sessions 
William  Kempe  of  Windrmere  Clke.  xli. 
James  Strickland  of  ye  same,  yeom.   xli. 
Condition  to  presente  a  Trav'se  at  ye  next.' 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.  Min.),  997. 

2.  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 

3.  Ibid. 


1044  The    Ejected   of  1662 

William  Kempe's  career  is  difl&cult  to  understand;  for 
in  1657  his  successor  was  presented  but  "  could  not  be 
legally  instituted  on  account  of  the  late  tyranny."  Yet 
Kempe  was  deprived  of  his  living,  and  in  his  Petition  he 
refers  to  the  powers  then  in  being  in  terms  similar  to 
those  usually  employed  by  the  Sequestered.  It  would 
seem  that,  while  sufficiently  modifying  his  position  to 
secure  Commonwealth  appointments,  he  developed  an 
attitude  sufficiently  antagonistic  to  the  "powers  then  in 
being,"  to  lead  to  his  Sequestration  in  1657.  In  1660  he 
petitioned  the  House  of  Lords  for  restitution.  The 
following  is  a  copy  :  — 

To  the  Right  Honble  the  Lords  in  Parliameint  Assembled 
The  humble  Petition  of  Wm  Kemp  Clerk 
Mr.  of  Arts. 
Sheweth, 

That  the  Rectory  of  Windermere  in  the  County  of  Westmerland 
was  divers  yeares  Sequestred  from  your  petitioner  by  the  powers  then 
in  being  without  due  Course  of  Law. 

Your  petitioner  humbly  prayeth  that  a  fifth  part  of  the  profitts  of 
the  said  Rectory  with  the  arreares  thereof  be  forthwith  payd  unto 
your  Petitioner  and  the  glebes  issues  &  profitts  of  the  said  Rectory 
secured  in  the  hands  of  some  Responsible  persons  untill  the  parliament 
take  further  Order  therein  or  your  petitioner  be  restored  thereunto 
by  due  course  of  Law. 

And  your  petr.  shall  pray  &c 

Wm  Kemp  Minister 
of  Windermere  in  the 
County  of  Westmerland.'' 

In  another  hand  and  place  : — "  23  of  June  1660  Mr.  Wm. 
Kemp  Gierke  his  peticon  Extd,"  The  Petition  was  not 
successful,  but  he  petitioned  at  the  same  time  for  his  old 
living  at  Pudymore,  and  this  he  obtained,  as  well  as  a 
Prebendship  at  Bristol,  where  he  remained  until  his  death. 
Sir  Daniel  Fleming  in  his  Book  of  Accounts  has  the  three 
following  entries  :  — 

May  22.  1659  Given  unto  Mr.  Kempe  whan  hee  gave  mee  phisik 
01—00—00. 

1.  House  of  Lords'  Library;  also  H.M.C.,  Seventh  Report,  Pt.  i, 
p.   106. 


"Windermere  1045 

July  1.  1659  Given  unto  Mr.  Kempe  for  giving  phisick  unto  Will 
00—10—00.' 

May  23.  1663  Given  to  Mr.  Kemp  for  blooding  me  and  other 
phisick  01—00—00.^ 

In  the  same  volume  are  two  other  references  to  "  Dr." 
Xempe  in  1671  and  1672 ;  and  this  may  have  been  William 
Xempe's  son.  The  second  William  Kempe  named  by 
Poster  would  also  be  the  Minister's  son. 

William  Wilson,  B.A.,  1657 — 1705. 

He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Wilson  of  Kendal,  educated 
at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  entering  as  bateller  July  4, 
1648;  matriculated  jS^ov.  18,  1650;  and  graduated  B.A. 
May  23,  1654,  being  incorporated  at  Cambridge  Univer- 
sity in  1654.'^  His  appointment  to  Windermere  is  given 
in  the  following  :  — 

Windermere  in 

Com  Westmerland. 
William  Wilson  CI.  Admitted  ye  18th  day  of  September  1657  to  ye 

R.    of   Windermere    in    the    County    of    Westmland    Upon    a    pres. 

exhibited  the  same  day  from  Thomas  Brathwait  Esqr.  the  patron  And 

Certificates    from    Edw.    Corbett,    Edm   Brome    of    Sth.    Reps.    Tho. 

Hennant  of  Smalburgh  Nath.  Michiels  of  Edingthorpe  Ri.  Hobbys  of 

Erpinghm.4 

The  names  of  the  persons  supplying  the  Certificates  are 
especially  interesting,  and  from  the  fact  that  they  all 
helong  to  a  particular  part  of  Norfolk  it  would  appear  that 
William  Wilson  had  a  living  there  for  a  brief  time.  But 
what  is  still  more  striking  is  that  they  are  the  names  of 
prominent  Nonconformist  Ministers,  some  of  whom  appear 
in  Calamy's  list  of  Ejected  Ministers;  and  the  inference 
is  that  William  Wilson's  religious  sympathies  at  this 
time  were  of  a  similar  character.  He  was  ordained 
Deacon  May  12,  1659,  "p.  Radum  Exon  Epm."  At  the 
Restoration,  however,  he  hastened  to  make  his  position 
secure  by  repudiating  the  authority  that  had  placed  him 
in  the  living,  and  petitioning  for  "regular"  Institution. 

1.  H.M.C.  Twelfth  Report,  Appendix,  Pt.   vii,  p.  367. 

2.  Ibid.,  p.  373. 

3.  Al.  Ox. 

4.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  998. 


1046  The   Ejected   of   1662 

1660  Aug(?). 
To  the  King's  Most  Excellent  Majesty 
The  humble  Petition  of  William  Wilson  Clerk. 
Sheweth. 

That  whereas  your  said  petitioner  was  in  the  year  one  thousand  six 
hundred  ffifty  and  Seaven  psented  to  the  Rectory  of  Wioidermere  in 
the  County  of  Westmerland  by  Thomas  Brathwait  Esqr  the  undoubted 
Patron  thereof  and  hath  ever  since  continued  therein  and  been  fully 
possessed  of  the  same  hitherto ;  yet  considering  that  through  want  of 
a  legall  Institution  and  Induction  (which  the  usurped  Tyranny  of  the 
then  ptended  Governours  would  not  permit)  the  said  Rectory  may  be 
lapsed  and  so  in  your  Majesties  Royall  gift  for  this  time, 

He  therefore  farther  begs  of  your  Majesty  that  you  would  be 
graciously  pleased  to  grant  him  your  aforesaid  Petitioner  (being  a 
Person  alwaies  Loyall  to  yor  Majesty  and  Episcopally  ordained)  your 
Royall  Prsentation  to  the  said  Rectory  of  Windermere,  what  way  so 
ever  it  shall  come  to  be  in  your  Majesties  desposall,  whether  as  lapsed 
through  this  neglect,  or  otherwise,  and  your  Petitioner  shall  always 
pray,  as  in  duty  bounden,  for  the  p'servatiom  and  prosperity  of  your 
Royall  Person  &c.' 

Doubtless  local  influence  secured  success  for  Ms  Peti- 
tion ;  lie  kept  the  living  and  received  Institution  Sept.  3^ 
1660,  on  a  Presentation  by  the  King  "  p.  lapsu."  The 
Parish  Registers  note  his  marriage  thus  :  — 

Conjugati-Gulielmus  Wilson  Rector  et  Elizabetha  Sandys  de  Esth- 

waite  tertio  die  Aprilis  1662. 

Under  burials  also  we  have  the  following  :  — 

Three  sons  of  William  Wilson  parson  of  Windermer  whereof  Williami 
was  baptized  all  buried  the  same  day  :  [Nov.  2]  1663. 
He  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Rector  at  the  Bishop's 
Yisitation  July  2,  1674,  with  Tho.  Wells  as  "  Ludimgr." 
His  death  took  place  in  1705,  at  the  age  of  75  years,  and 
he  was  buried  in  the  Chancel  of  the  Church.  He  had 
two  sons,  twins,  William  and  Edwin  or  Edward,  both 
graduates  of  Queen's  College,  Oxford.'-  A  daughter  also^ 
Dorothy,  was  baptized  Jan.  6,  1662-3. 

William  Bartoj^,  1705—1718/19. 

He  was  instituted  July  3,  1705,  being  succeeded  by 
William  Crosby,  M.A.,  who  also  had  the  Kendal  living. ^ 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Car.  ii,  vol.  12,  fol.  139. 

2.  Foster's  Ai.  Ox.  See  Besse's  "Sufferings  of  the  Quakers,"  vol.  ii.,. 
p.  23,  for  William  Wilson's  trouble  with  Quakers. 

3.  Vide  p.  956. 


II.     TROUTBECK. 

This  is  a  straggling  but  picturesque  village  some  four 
miles  north  of  Windermere.  The  Church  was  consecrated 
by  William  Downham,  Bishop  of  Chester,  July  18th, 
1562,  and  again  on  April  30th,  1563,  by  Matthew  Parker, 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury.  Its  dedication  is  to  "  Jesus," 
and  the  Registers  begin  in  1579.  They  are  only  in  fair 
condition,  the  earlier  ones  from  1579  to  1626  being  all 
mixed  together.  These  are  a  little  worn  in  places  and 
also  torn.  Up  to  March  1627-8,  they  are  complete,  but 
from  that  date  to  March  1633,  they  are  wanting. 

Christenings: — From  1633  to  March  1651-2,  complete, 
wanting  from  1651  to  1656;  and,  with  the  exception  of 
one  in  1661,  from  1656  to  1662  all  are  wanting.  After 
that  date  they  are  complete. 

Burials  :— From  1633  to  March  1651-2,  complete;  1651-2 
to  1667  several  breaks,  afterwards  complete. 

Marriages: — From  1633  to  1650  half  page  cut  away; 
from  end  of  1651  to  beginning  of  1662  wanting ;  but  from 
that  date  to  1707  no  breaks.  From  1707  to  1761  several 
defects;  but  afterwards  complete. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  make  only  a  brief  reference  to 
Troutbeck  Church ;  and  Whellan  begins  his  list  of  Incum- 
bents in  1750,  giving  1585,  a  wrong  date,  for  the  Regis- 
ters. The  following  list  is  largely  based  upon  informa- 
tion  supplied   by  Mr.   George   Browne  of  Troutbeck :  — 

John  Dixon,  1554. 

He  was  here  at  the  Bishop  of  Chester's  Visitation  to 
Windermere  in  that  year;  and  was  still  here  in  1569, 
when  he  wrote  the  Inventory  of  John  Rawson's  goods 
March  28,  1569. 

Edmund  Tatham,  1583. 

He  wrote  the  Inventory  of  the  goods  of  Wm.  Longmire, 
late  of  "  Applethwatt,"  Jan.  16, 1583,  and  along  with  others 


1048  The   Ejected   of  1662 

signed  a  petition  to  the  Bishop  of  Chester  respecting  the 
Consecration  of  Staveley  Church  in  1588. 

Richard  Peaeson,  1596 — ^March  1633. 

Among  the  papers  belonging  to  the  Church  is  a  letter 
to  him  from  Thomas  Bousfield  of  Windermere  respecting 
an  excommunicated  person  :  — 

October  the  xxiijth.  1622. 

Sir  Richard  wth  my  Comendation  unto  you  &c.  these  are  to  certifie 
you  that  whereas  I  am  enjoined  by  Authoite  from  my  lord  of  Chester 
to  absolve  the  bearer  Adam  Birkett  from  the  sentence  of  excom'unica- 
tion,  wch  I  have  done  accordingly,  the  day  and  yeare  above  written, 
wherefore  upon  this  certificate  I  require  yourself  and  the  church 
wardens  to  Receive  him  into  the  Church  and  Congregation,  so  wth  my 
best  wishes  &  Respts 

Your  loving  friend 
Windermer  Octobr.  Thomas  Bowsfeild.' 

the  23.  1622. 

William  Robinson,  1633— 1644  (?). 

He  began  a  new  Register  Book  on  March  25,  1633,  and 
probably  resigned  March  25,  1644,  up  to  which  date  his 
salary  was  paid.  Various  occasional  Ministers  occupied 
the  next  two  years. 

Christopher  Rawlings,  1646 — 1650. 

His  salary  was  paid  from  March  25th  of  the  first  date 
unto  St.  Peter's  Day,  June  29th,  of  the  second  date. 

Francis  Bainbridge,  1650 — 1656. 

In  the  Windermere  Registers,  among  Christenings  at 
Troutbeck,  in  1654,  appears  the  following :  — 

John  sonn  of  Mr.  ffrancis  Bainbridge  borne  the  27th  of  November 
1654  [no  date  of  baptism  given]. 

Richard  Sibson,  1656—1659. 

He  died  in  1660,  and  the  making  of  his  grave  cost  6d. 
which  was  paid  out  of  the  Church  funds.  Foster  names 
a  Richard  Sibson,  who  matriculated  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  Jan.  17,  1582-3,  aged  17,  and  graduated  M.A. 
1589,  was  Rector  of  Bowness,  Cumberland,  in  1598,  and 

1.  The  Advowson,  &c.,  p.  46. 


Troutbeck  1049 

Canon  of  Carlisle  in  1603;^  but  whether  he  was  a  connec 
tion  does  not  appear. 

Dudley  Walker,  1663—1694. 

After  the  death  of  Richard  Sibson,  various  Ministers 
officiated  for  some  time,  and  Dudley  Walker  was  paid  for 
acting  as  Reader.  In  1664  he  is  referred  to  as  "  our 
Deacon,"  and  paid  full  stipend,  and  the  following  year  he 
appears  as  "  our  Curate."  He  was  ordained  Deacon  by 
George  of  Chester  Sept.  20,  1663;  Priest  by  the  same 
Sept.  20,  1664;  licensed  to  serve  the  Cure  at  Troutbeck 
Sept.  21,  1663;  subscribed  the  declaration  Sept.  26,  1664; 
and  his  License  as  "  Ludimagister  infra  banc  Cap."  was 
accepted  by  the  Archbishop  of  York,  Oct.  20,  1662.  At 
the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674,  he  "  appeared  and 
exhibited  "  both  as  Curate  and  Schoolmaster.  After  this 
entry  in  the  Visitation  Book  the  Clerk  adds  :  — 

My  Ld  Bp  went  fiom  hence  to  the  Bp  of  Carlile  to  Rose  Castle  and 
came  to  Richmond  on  the  Tuesday  night  following.  2 

Walker  held  the  living  until  1694,  when  he  resigned.  The 
Grasmere  Registers  give  his  name  as  Curate  there  in  1713. 
He  died  in  1725  being  buried  Dec.  17  of  that  year.  Henry 
Walker,  son  of  Dudley  Walker  of  Grasmere,  entered  St. 
John's  College,  Cambridge,  in  1703,  at  the  age  of  21  years. 

John  Griesdale,  1694 — 1722. 

He  was  appointed  on  Nov.  18,  1694,  and  retained  the 
living  until  his  death  in  1722,  being  buried  June  18th  of 
that  year.  A  person  of  this  name,  being  "  literatus,"  was 
ordained  Priest  March  16,  1678-9. 

William  Langhorn,  1722 — 1735. 

He  was  appointed  Aug.  12th,  1722,  and  resigned  for  the 
Curacy  of  Crosthwaite,  near  Kendal,  in  1735. 

Christopher  Atkinson,  1735. 

There  was  a  person  of  this  name,  son  of  Miles  Atkinson 
of  Windermere,  who  matriculated  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  May  3,  1732,  aged  19,  graduating  B.A.  Feb.  25, 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  The  Visitation  Book  (Chester  Registry). 


I050 


The   Ejected    of   1662 


1735-6,  and  subsequently  became  Vicar  of  Thorp  Arch, 
Yorks.  Possibly  he  is  to  be  identified  with  the  Troutbeck 
Atkinson. 

William  Thompson,  1738—1783. 


J.  Martin,  1783. 

He  was  appointed  on  the  death  of  Thompson. 

There  appears  to  have  been  no  displacement  of  any  kind 
during  the  Commonwealth  period,  or  at  the  time  of  the 
Restoration.  Troutbeck  was  simply  a  Chapel  of  Ease  to 
the  mother  Church  at  Windermere ;  and  the  persons  whose 
names  have  been  given  served  as  "  Curates." 


III.     AMBLESIDE. 


As  Troutbeck  was  a  Chapel  of  Ease  to  Windermere 
served  by  Curates,  so  was  Ambleside  to  Grasmere;  and  it 
was  served  in  the  same  way.  Here  also  the  County 
Histories  are  almost  valueless  for  our  purpose ;  and  no 
displacement  of  men  appears  to  have  occurred,  though 
the  Braithwaites  and  Flemings,  principal  families  in  the 
district  and  closely  related,  took  somewhat  opposite  sides 
in  the  religious  controversies  of  the  17th  Century.  There 
are,  however,  two  things  of  peculiar  interest  about  Amble- 
side Chapel ;  both  indeed  almost  unique,  by  whose  guidance 
we  are  able  to  present  a  tolerably  complete  list  of  men, 
who  served  this  place  during  the  period  in  question. 
First  there  are  the  Registers,  which  are  exceedingly 
curious.  They  begin  with  baptisms  in  1642,  and  consist 
.of  three  long  narrow  rolls  which  end  with  the  date  1753. 
"  They  were  written  on  oblong  pieces  of  parchment,"  says 
Miss  Armitt,  "  15  inches  by  4| ;  and  when  each  piece  was 
filled,  with  the  baptisms  on  one  side,  and  burials  and 
marriages  on  another — the  burials  of  a  whole  year  being 
sometimes  contained  in  this  small  space — another  of  the 
same  size  was  well  stitched  to  the  lower  edge  and  the 
record  proceeded.  Thus  a  long,  ribbon-like  roll  was 
formed;  and  when  this  became  bulky,  another  was  started. 
There  are  three  of  these  rolls,  that  uncoil  respectively  to 
the  bewildering  length  of  7^,  7,  and  12  yards.  In  the 
last  roll  the  stitched  pieces,  still  only  4|  inches  in  width, 
are  24  inches  long."  ^  The  writing  is  very  minute,  but 
it  is  neat  and  clear,  though  in  places  the  ink  has  faded 
or  got  rubbed  off. 

The  other  thing  is  "  The  Curates'  Bible,"  which  is  kept 
locked  in  a  case  in  the  Church.  "After  being  lost  from 
the  Parish  for  probably  nearly  200  years,"  says  the 
inscription  written  in  July  1906,  "  it  was  purchased  by 
nine  residents  in  the  District  and  presented  to  the  Yicar 

1.  Ambleside  Town  and  Chapel,  p.  44. 


1052  The   Ejected   of  1662 

and  Clmrchwardens  of  Ambleside,  to  be  held  in  trust  for 
ever  for  the  Parishioners."  "  It  is  a  copy  of  the  first 
edition  of  King  James'  Bible,  known  as  the  'Authorized 
Version,'  "  says  Mr,  Cooper,  one  of  the  donors,  "and  printed 
in  1611  by  Eobert  Barker,  printer  to  the  King.  Of  this 
edition  there  were  three  issues  in  1611,  varying  in  minor 
points,  and  the  Ambleside  Bible  is  a  copy  of  the  first, 
known  as  the  great  '  He  '  Bible,  because  in  the  last  line 
of  Buth  iii,  15,  the  text  reads  '  and  he  went  into  the 
citie,'  whereas  in  the  second,  and  nearly  all  subsequent 
issues  (including  the  present  text)  the  wording  is  *  and 
she  went  into  the  citie  (or  city).'  The  curious  thing  is 
that  '  He '  is  the  proper  translation  of  the  Hebrew  .  .  . 
It  is  a  big  folio,  measuring  18  inches  long  by  12  inches 
wide.  The  binding  is  the  original  wood,  covered  with 
leather  (rebacked),  but  with  brass  plate  and  bosses.  The 
clasps  themselves  are  gone."  ^  Its  value  for  local  pur- 
poses lies  in  the  marginal  notes,  which  appear  in  various 
places,  in  the  shape  of  the  names,  of  the  Curates  who 
served,  with  occasionally  a  moral  reflection.  Three  lists 
of  these  Curates  are  supplied,  the  first  of  which  is  as 
follows — : 

Bel 

Mayson 

Turner 

pearson 

thwaites 

Wright. 
The  other  two  in  the  handwriting  of  Thomas  Knott  are 
identical,  and  read  thus :  — 

Mr.  Mason 

Bell 

Turner 

Pearson 

Th  waits 

Wright 

Fleming 

Knott. 
1.  "The  Ambleside  Curates'  Bible,"  by  H.  S.  Cowper,  F.S.A.     Trana. 
(N.S.),  vol.  vii,  pp.  143,  147. 


Ambleside  105  3 

The  second  list  errs  in  placing  Mayson  before  Bell;  and 
the  first  is  less  complete  than  the  second.  Using  both 
these  lists  as  guides,  and  what  other  help  is  available,  we 
get  the  following  :  — 

John  Bell,  1585— 1629  (?). 

He  was  the  first  to  use  the  Bible  named,  and  "  was  in 
the  habit  of  writing  in  it  from  time  to  time  in  a  very  neat 
hand  his  name,  age,  and  the  number  of  years  he  had 
served  his  cure;  and  frequently  he  added  a  motto  or 
maxim,  sometimes  in  English,  but  more  often  in  Latin. 
In  all  there  are  seventeen  of  these  gra^ti.  The  earliest 
dated  one  is  1612,  and  the  latest  1629,  when  he  had  served 
44  years."  ^     The  following  is  a  specimen:  — 

Johannes  Bell  hujus  tenens  1613  Curatus  de  Ambleside  aetatis  sui 
circum  60  annos  ubi  servient  viginti  octo  annos  mea  cura  vacat  me  et 
tua  te  virtus  post  funera. 

John  Bell  was  a  many  sided  man,  and,  at  least,  one 
interesting  tradition  is  associated  with  his  name.  Nicol- 
son  and  Burn,  in  their  account  of  Rydal,  say  :  — 

In  the  highway  at  the  end  of  the  old  orchard,  was  a  causway,  which 
was  charitably  made  by  John  Bell,  curate  and  schoolmaster  of  Amble- 
side :  every  Thursday  and  Saturday  in  the  afternoon  causing  his 
scholars  to  gather  stones  for  the  paving  thereof,  and  he  did  then  pave 
the  same  himself.* 

In  John  Fleming's  deed,  dated  1617,  three  men  of  Rydal 
witness,  one  being  John  Bell  "  curate  " ;  and  recently  the 
conjecture  has  been  hazarded  that  his  name  is  preserved 
in  the  Fell,  known  as  "John Bell's  Banner,"  east  of  Kirk- 
stone  Pass,  "  banner "  being  probably  a  corrupt  form  of 
the  word  "  bounder  "  or  "  boundary."  3 

Thomas  Mayson,  Magson  or  Mason, 1645. 

In  that  year  he  is  named  in  widow  Wakefield's  Bond. 
It  is  possible  that  he  was  related  to  Francis  Magson  of 

1.  The  Ambleside  Curates'  Bible,  p.  144. 

2.  Nicolson  and  Bum,  vol.  i,  p.  174. 

3.  Ambleside  &c.,  p.  61 ;  also  The  Ambleside  Curates'  Bible,  p.  145. 


I054  The    Ejected   of  1662 

"Windermere.  ^    Tlie  following  notice  of  his  burial  appears 
in  the  Windermere  Registers  :  — 

1647  Thomas  Magson  Minister  of  Ambleside  buried  ye  9th.  day 
November  1647. 

Henry  Turker,  1647/8—1668. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Dec,  23,  1638,  and  is  referred 
to  as  of  the  Diocese  of  Chester.  A  person  of  this  name, 
M.A.,  was  ordained  Deacon  and  Priest  Sept.  20,  1665, 
"  Cest.  Dio."  ^  In  the  Ambleside  Registers  appear  the 
following  Turner  entries  :  — 

Henricus  filius  Henrici  Turner  Clerici  Baptizatus  vicesimo  quarto  die 
ffebruarij  1647. 

Dorothea  filia  Henrici  Turnr.  Clerici  Baptizat.  12th.  Maij  anno 
prdicto — 1654. 

Eicus  filius  Henrici  Tumr  Cler.  nat.  5th.  &  bapt.  7  die  Septembris 
1656. 

Arthuris  filius  Henrici  Turner  baptiz.  5th  Die  Septembris  Ano  Dni. 
1658. 

Jane  the  Daughter  of  Henry  Turnr.  bapt.  ye  11  day  of  October  1660. 

Ellen  the  daughter  of  Henrici  Turner  baptized  the  28th  of  Januarie 
1662. 

Agnes  the  daughr.  of  Henry  Turmr  bapt.  the  19th  of  March  1664. 

Samuell  filius  Henrici  Turner  bapt.  Septimo  die  Aprilis  anoq.  Domi. 
'68. 

Buriall — Jane  ye  Daughter  of  Henry  Turner,  Gierke  buried  the  21st. 
of  May  1668.     [Windermere  Registers.] 

In  the  Curates'  Bible  the  signature  in  the  margin  is 
not  "  H."  but  "  T.  Turner,"  but  it  is  necessary  to  say  that 
the  ink  of  the  name  is  fresher  than  that  of  the  other 
writing.  Possibly  the  name  has  been  added  by  a  later 
hand,  and  "  T  "  wrongly  written  for  "  H."  It  is,  however, 
curious  that  neither  Miss  Armitt  nor  Mr.  Cowper  notices  ^ 
this  fact  in  their  contributions  on  "the  Curates'  Bible." 
Henry  Turner  died  in  1668-9,  his  burial  entry  in  the 
Windermere  Parish  Registers  being  as  follows  :  — 

Henry  Turner  Minister  of  Ambleside,  buried  the  third  day  of 
January  1668-9. 

1.  Vide  p.  1038. 

2.  Episcopal  Register. 

3.  Thomas  Turner  was  ejected  from  Torpenhow,  vide  p.  581. 


Ambleside  1055 

According  to  the  Ambleside  Registers  "  Elizabeth  Turner, 
widdow  was  buried  the  24th  day  of  August  1691."  It 
will  be  noticed  that  Henry  Turner's  ministry  was  con- 
tinued through  the  changes  which  the  Restoration 
wrought.  The  John  Wallace  episode,  when  Henry  Turner 
went  to  preach  at  Grasmere  is  related  under  Grasmere.^ 

John  Pearsox,  1669 . 


Some  friction  took  place  in  1669  between  Robert 
Braithwaite  and  Daniel  Fleming  in  reference  to  the 
appointment  of  a  Minister,  which  led  the  latter  to  appeal 
to  the  Archbishop  of  York  on  behalf  of  John  Pearson, 
whom  he  sent  to  York  with  his  letter.  The  writer  prays 
that  the  bearer  may  be  "ordained  deacon,  licensed  to  read 
prayers  in  Ambleside  chapel  (which  has  a  stipend  of 
about  £12)  and  to  teach  the  young  children  of  the  place : 
and  this  he  asks  on  behalf  of  himself,  patron  of  Grasmere, 
Mr.  John  Ambrose,  incumbent  and  almost  all  the  inhabi- 
tants of  Ambleside."  He  is  certain  that  John  Pearson 
"  will  read  ye  Com'on  prayer  punchually  according  to  ye 
Rubricks  &  catechise  ye  young  ones  in  ye  Towne,  wh.  I 
presume  will  be  much  better  than  to  have  some  Geneva- 
Blade  brought  in  upon  them."^  The  appeal  was  success- 
ful and  John  Pearson  was  ordained  Deacon  June  14,  1669, 
Priest  on  Sept.  21  following,  and  licensed  to  serve  the 
Cure  on  the  same  day.  He  appeared  and  exhibited  as 
Curate  at  the  Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674.  The 
Registers  give  the  baptisms  of  the  following  children  :  — 
Susanna  on  May  18,  1675;^  Dorothy,  Sept.  12,  1678;  and 
Jane,  March  7,  1679-80. 

—  Thwaites,  1680—1682  (?). 

This  name  appears  in  the  three  lists  though  little  is 
known  of  the  person  to  whom  it  belongs.  In  Sir  Daniel 
Fleming's    Account    Book    it    several    times    occurs,    but 

1.  Vide  p.  1062. 

2.  Ambleside  &c.,  p.  46. 

3.  This  also  appears  in  the  Grasmere  Begisters. 


1056  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Thwaites    appears    there    more     as     Schoolmaster    than 

preacher.     Under  date  Jan.  26,  1680-81,  is  the  following  : 

Sent  by  George  to  give  Mr.   Thwaites   at  Ambleside   for  entering 

Pennis  for  himself,  Michael,  Rich,  and  Roger  my  sons  OOli  OSs  OOd. 

July  26th.  Paid  unto  Mr.  Thwaits  for  my  4  Boyes  for  half  a  yearea 

teaching  (with  ye  10s  Alice  paid  him)  ye  Sum  of  Olli  00s.  OOd. 

October  20  1685.  Given  at  Ambleside  Chapell  to  a  Collection  for 
Mr.  Thwaits  OOli  05s  OOd.' 

By  this  time  Thwaites  had  been  relieved  of,  at  least, 
his  duties  as  Curate,  for  his  successor  had  been  appointed 
two  years  before. 

Richard  Wright,  1682—1686. 

In  the  Curates'  Bible  are  the  following  entries :  — 
29  March  anno  Doi.  1682,  officu  Diaconi  suscepit  Ri  :  Wright. 
Richard  Wright  March  ye  29.  82. 

Roger  Fleming,  1686— 1694  (?). 

He  was  Sir  Daniel  Fleming's  son,  and  his  baptism  in 
the  Grasmere  Registers  is  thus  recorded :  — 

March   16.    1670/1    ye   Chres   of   Roger  ffleming   Sonine    of  Daniell 

ffleming  of  Ridal  Esquire. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  '*  p.  John  of  Cest."  August 
20,  1682;  admission  to  Curacy  was  granted  August  27, 
1686;  and  he  obtained  a  faculty  to  teach  boys  "Anglice 
infra  parish  of  Grasmere "  September  4,  1684.  In  the 
Bible  referred  to  he  merely  signs  "  Rogerus  ffleming " 
without  date.  Miss  Armitt  gives  the  following  from  the 
Rydal  Hall  MSS.  :  — 

1688  'Roger  Fleming  Minister  of  Ambleside'  has  one  Cow  to  grass 
'in  the  Lowhow  by  the  week,  at  6d  in  the  week,  3  weeks  Is  6d.' 

1695.  '  Mr.  Roger  Fleming's  Widow  late  of  Ambleside'  puts  a  hiefer 
to  grass  in  Rydal. ^ 

In  the  Ambleside  Registers  the  following  entries  will 
be  found  :  — 

Johannes  filius  Rogerus  ffleming  Bapt.  fuit  vicessimo  Octavo  die 
mensis  Decembris   1686. 

Thomas  son  of  Roger  Ffleming  was  Bapt.  ye  6th.  of  September  1688. 

He  was  subsequently  at  Brigham.  ^ 

1.  Ambleside  &c.,  49-50. 

2.  Ibid.,  p.  60. 

3.  Vide  p.  757. 


Ambleside  1057 

Thomas  Knott,  1694—1744. 

He  was  previously  Schoolmaster  at  Grasmere  as  the 
following  at  the  beginning  of  the  Grasmere  Registers 
attests  :  — 

Tho  Knott  Ludimagister  et  Clericus  Grameriensis  April  the  3.  1687. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  Sept,  24,  1693,  by  Nicholas  of 
Chester,  licensed  to  serve  as  Curate  of  Grasmere  Sept.  23, 
1693,  and  of  Ambleside  Sept.  11,  1694;  but  the  Registers 
give  the  following  :  — 

Elizabeth  Daughter  of  George  Kelsick  was  bapt.  ye  6th  day  of 
August  1694. 

Tho.  Knott  Clericus. 

He  was  probably  one  of  the  Knotts  of  Grasmere.  The 
following  letter  to  the  Rector  of  Grasmere,  Dr.  Fleming, 
who  being  a  Pluralist,  had  his  residence  at  Asby,  near 
Kirkby  Stephen,  is  worth  inserting,  because  of  the  light 
which  it  throws  upon  matters  at  the  Ambleside  School 
and  Chapel  at  that  time  :  — 

Ambleside  Jan  :  ye  24th  day  1723. 
Rev.   Dr. 

Yours  I  received  for  wch  I  thank  you  and  I  send  the  enclosed  as 
directed.  Jno.  Kelsick's  will,  you  may  be  sure  was  made  both  hastily 
aod  without  much  advice  or  consideration,  for  he  liv'd  but  about  four 
days  after  he  begun.  He  was  not  to  be  advised  but  what  his 
inclination  and  will  led  him  too.  When  I  found  I  could  not  have  the 
advantage  of  the  Scheie  I  was  troubled  tho'  he  and  I  were  very 
gracious,  yet  when  he  prov'd  so  adverse  after  I  had  considered  that  it 
would  quitt  me  of  a  great  deal  of  Slavery  wch  I  have  been  confined 
too  these  many  years  without  any  great  gain  or  satisfaction  I  was 
rather  satisfied  and  thought  pity  to  slip  so  good  an  opporunity  it  may 
do  good  to  some.  It  will  be  no  great  loss  to  ye  minister  for  6d  per 
quarter  will  not  amount  to  much  yearly.  He  was  for  having  the 
Schole  built  upon  his  own  ground  below  the  bridge  yet  he  was 
persuaded  to  let  us  build  itt  as  near  the  Chapel  as  we  could.  Those 
that  live  may  see  the  Church  and  Schole  Joyned  together  wch  will 
make  a  good  place  tho'  not  in  my  time  I  shall  have  nothing  by  itt  but 
trouble.  The  Schole  will  be  worth,  I  believe,  201b  per  Annum  after 
his  Debts,  Legacies  and  Funeral  Expences  are  paid  wch  will  amount 
to  4001b  and  upwards.  I  have  here  inclosed  sent  you  a  Copy  of  that 
part  of  his  Will,  it  is  very  long  there  are  severall  small  Legacies  giveai 
to  his  relations  but  if  you  have  a  mind  to  have  a  Copy  of  the  whole 
will,  you  shall  have  itt  when  you  come  over.     I  desire  you  to  consider 


1058  The   Ejected    of  1662 

of  itt  and  to  let  us  have  your  Advice  and  Assistance  in  the  managemt 
of  the  great  Trust  for  the  publick  Good  and  credit  of  the  Donor  and 
I  do  not  question  but  the  Chapel  Salary  be  advanced  considerably 
after  a  little  time,  we  have  some  good  men  yet.  Pray,  wink  att  small 
faults  and  let  us  have  a  kind  Answer  the  next  opportunity  which  will 
be  a  great  Encouragemt  to  us  in  the  managemt  of  itt.  My  humble 
Service  to  you  and  yours.  I  am 
Eevd  Dr. 

Your  humble  Servant 
whilst 

Tho  :  Knott 
Not  one  person  knew  anything  of  his  will  but  I  till  after  his  death. 
To 
The  Revd  Dr.  Fleming  att 
the  Parsonage  in  Ashby 
this  carefully  &  with  speed 
Westmoreland.  ^ 

Thomas  Knott  died  in  1744,  his  widow  surviving  him 
only  a  few  weeks.  The  following  are  the  entries  in  the 
Registers :  — 

Revd.  Mr.  Knott  Ministr.  of  Ambleside  buried  December  the  20th 
1744. 

Jane  widow  of  the  Revd.  Mr.  Knott  was  buried  the  4th.  of 
February   1744-5. 

I.  Ambleside  &c.,  p.  53. 


lY.     GEASMEEE. 

The  Church  here  is  dedicated  to  St,  Oswald;  and  the 
Eegisters,  which  are  of  parchment,  begin  in  1570.  The 
first  page  is  quite  faded  and  the  earliest  decipherable  date 
is  Aug.  1571.  On  the  same  page  appears  1572,  a  little 
lower  down,  and  preceding  several  entries  in  1571.  In 
1885  the  first  page  was  treated  by  an  expert  from  the 
British  Museum  and  a  copy  taken.  It  gives  March  1570-1 
as  the  first  decipherable  date  with  several  entries  before, 
so  that  it  is  safe  to  assume  that  the  Eegisters  begin  in 
1570.  The  writing  is  neat  and  there  are  few  breaks. 
This  volume  extends  to  1682.  The  second  volume  is  from 
1687 — 1713.  The  following  is  a  list  of  Incumbents,  the 
County  Histories  again  being  of  little  use  in  the  matter : 

John  Wilson,  1590—1627. 

He  was  certainly  here  at  the  earlier  date  for  the  Eegis- 
ters give  :  — 

Februarie  1590-1.     The  Chris,  of  hellen  Wilson  da.  of  John  Wilson 
of  Gresm.  Cler. 

In  connection  with  the  allotment  of  seats  in  Ambleside 
Chapel  by  the  Commission  appointed  for  the  purpose,  in 
the  year  1620,  John  Wilson  signed  for  Grasmere  as  Thos. 
Bousfield  did  for  Windermere.^  He  died  in  1627,  and  the 
Eegisters  thus  record  his  burial :  — 

May  13.  1627  The  buriall  of  John  Willson  Gierke  of  Gresmire. 

EoBERT  Fogg,  M.A.,  1627. 

The  Act  Book  states  that  he  was  admitted  and  instituted 
['July  26,  1627,  and  again  on  July  31,  the  vacancy  being 
caused  by  the  death  of  the  last  Incumbent  and  the  Pre- 
sentation made  by  the  King.  He  had  previously  been  at 
Moresby,  and  held  the  Grasmere  living  only  a  few  months. 
It  is  stated  that  he  was  deprived,  but  he  was  nominated  to 
"  Ecclestien  in  the  Leyland  Deanery  on  Nov.  9,  1627." 
On  the  9th  of  Aug.,  1641,  he  was  nominated  to  Hoole,  near 

1.  Ambleside,  &c.,  p.  41. 


io6o  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Preston,  ^  and  was  probably  the  person  said,  by  Calamy, 
to  have  been  ejected  from  Bangor,  ^ 

Henry  Wilson,  B.A.,  1628—1647. 

He  appears  to  have  disputed  with  Hobert  Fogg  for  the 
Grasmere  living,  and,  local  influence  being  on  his  side,  he 
met  with  success.  Hence  he  was  instituted  May  24,  1628, 
on  a  Presentation  by  "Agneta  ffleming  de  Pydall "  the 
vacancy  being  caused  by  the  "  lawful  deprivation  of 
Robert  Fogg."  His  marriage  is  noted  in  the  Registers 
thus : — 

The   marriage   of   Henry   Willson   Cler.   &   Jane   his   wife  was  the 

13th  of  November  1627. 

The  following  references  to  his  children  also  appear  in 
them  :  — 

March  18.  1628/9  The  Chr.  of  Willm  Wilson  son  of  Henry  of 
Grasmire   Clerk. 

October  8.  1631  The  Christ,  of  Jane  Wilson  Daughter  of  Heoir. 
Clerk  of  Grasmire. 

June  6.  1633  Christ,  of  Henrie  Wilson  son  of  Henrie  of  Gresmire 
Clerk. 

25  July.  1641/2  The  buriall  of  Anthony  Willson  son  of  Henry 
Willson  Cler. 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  Henry  Wilson 
is  referred  to  as  "  Minr  of  Gressmr  a  notorious  malignt. 
and  articled  agt.  at  Parlt."^  He  died  shortly  after  this, 
his  burial  entry  in  the  Registers  reading  thus  :  — 

26  May  1647  the  buryall  of  Henery  Willson  Clerk  of  Gresmyre. 

Possibly  he  was  related  to  John  Wilson,  his  predecessor. 

William  Kempe,  M.A.,  1647-8. 

His  Institution  is  notified  in  the  following  :  — 

January  7.  1647-8.  Ordered  That  Dr.  Aylett  give  Institution  and 
Induction  unto  Wm.  Kempe,  Clerk,  Master  of  Arts  into  the  Rectory 
of  Gersmore  in  Com.  Westmland,  void  by  Death  of  the  last  Incum- 
bent :    Salvo   &c.     Presentation   under   Great  Seal.  4 

A  full  account  of  him  appears  under  Windermere.^ 

1.  Act  Book  (Chester  Registry). 

2.  Vide  p.  805. 

3.  Vide  p.  110. 

4.  L.  J.,  vol.  ix,  p.  643. 

5.  Vide  p.  1039. 


Grasmere 


1061 


John  Wallace,  M.A.,  1653. 

The  following  document  contains  a  notice  of  his  appoint- 
ment, and  it  will  be  observed  that  the  name  is  given  as 
Wallace :  — 


Gresmer  Recory 
John  Wallace 
pres.  28.  July 
1653. 

Jo.  Wallace  cert, 
as  aforesaid  by 
James  Cock  of 
K.  Kendall 
Tho.  Walker  of 
Kendall 

Greo.  ffothergill  of 
Orton 

Bicbard  Tatbam 
of  Heversham 
John  Archer 
Roger  Bateman 
Edw.  Briggs 
John  Smythe  of 
Kerbe  Lonsdale 
Hen.  Asbbome 
of  Middleton. 


Know  all  &c.  the  21st.  day  of  Aprill  in  the  yeare 
1654  There  was  exhibited  &c.  John  Wallace  Gierke 
Mr.  of  Arts  to  ye  Rectory  of  Gresmer  in  the  County 
of  Westmorland  Made  to  him  by  the  Keepers  of  the 
Liberty  of  England  by  Authority  of  parliamt  the 
patrons  thereof  Together  &c.  the  said  John  Wallace 
of  his  holy  &c.  approved  the  said  John  Wallace  &c. 
doe  admit  the  said  John  Wallace  to  the  Rectory  of 
Gresmer  aforesaide  &c.  Incimibent  [In  witnes  &c. 
This  passage  is  deleted.]  Dated  at  Whitehall  the 
21st.  day  of  June  1654.' 


He  took  the  Engagement  March  28,  1650. 

Precisely  the  length  of  his  stay  at  Grasmere  is  not  clear, 
but  the  following  letter  throws  some  light  upon  the 
matter.  "  John  Banks  "  was  the  "  faithful  servant  and 
factotum  of  young  Squire  Daniel  Fleming,  who  had  just 
wrested  from  the  Commonwealth  and  his  relatives  the 
long  disputed  ownership  of  Rydal  Hall,  and  had  now  sent 
his  servant  forward  to  put  matters  a  little  straight  before 
his  own  home-coming."  "^  The  cousin  Braithwaite  referred 
to  was  one  of  the  Braithwaites  of  Ambleside  Hall,  whose 
sympathies  were  strongly  Puritan.     The  letter  is  among 


1.  Lambeth  MSS.    (Plund.  Min.)  997. 

2.  Ambleside  Town  and  Chapel,  by  Miss  Mary  L.  Armitt,  p.  45. 


io62  The   Ejected   of  1662 

the  MSS.  of  Rydal  Hall  and  is  copied  here  from  Miss 
Armitt's  paper :  — 

Honoured  Sir 
I  praise  God  I  got  saffe  to  Rydale  wth  the  oxen  on  Saturday  at 
night  where  I  was  fforced  to  staye  all  night  it  was  see  late  I 
acquainted  the  P'ishors  that  you  had  sent  them  word  to  get  a  Minister 
every  Lord's  daye  till  such  tyme  as  you  presented  one,  and  that  they 
might  paye  them  out  off  the  tythes,  but  none  would  meddle  unless  I 
would  goe  to  the  Church  and  appear  wth  them  soe  I  was  fforced  either 
to  neglect  it  or  send  to  Mr.  Turner  off  Amblesyd  to  procure  him  to  goe 
to  preach  wch  I  did  And  he  went  to  your  Cousin  Brathwhait  to  aske 
his  advice  and  leave  that  he  might  goe,  Soe  he  gave  him  leave  and 
adviced  him  to  goe,  soe  he  came  to  Rydale  and  I  went  along  with  him 
But  Wallas  seeing  us  cum  almost  at  the  Church  went  quite  away  to 
Langdale  Chappie  whether  he  intended  to  goe  beffore  or  noe  I  knowe 
not.  But  he  lefft  the  Clarke  to  oppose  us  who  would  not  suffer  Mr. 
Turner  to  read  in  the  usuall  place  Soe  I  wished  Mr.  Turner  to  goe 
into  the  pulpit  and  officiate  But  the  Clarke  begun  to  read  a  Chapter 
and  I  bid  him  give  over  but  he  would  not,  Soe  I  shutt  the  booke 
soe  Mr.  Turner  read  a  Chappter  and  sung  a  psalme  and  begune  to 
preach  and  when  the  sermon  was  done  I  spoke  to  some  off  the 
P'ishoners  to  procure  every  Lord's  Daye  a  Minister  and  pay  them  off 
theire  tithes. 

Conyston  this  11  Feb.   1655. 

Your  obedient  Servant 
John  Bankes. 
Squire  Fleming  was  the  Sir  Daniel  Fleming  of  later  years, 
of  strong  Royalist  proclivities,  who  wielded  so  vigorously 
against  Nonconformists  of  all  types  the  repressive  legisla- 
tion which  was  enacted  during  these  years;  and  already 
it  would  appear  that  he  was  beginning  to  make  his 
influence  felt  in  that  direction.  Clearly  there  was  a 
determination  to  replace  John  Wallace,  for  what  cause  is 
not  certain ;  but  his  removal  was  effected  shortly  after- 
wards ;  for  the  two  Thompsons,  father  and  son,  successively 
appear  at  Grasmere  by  1657.  In  Daniel  Fleming's 
Accounts,  under  date  May  24,  1654,  appears  the  following 
which  doubtless  has  reference  to  the  position  of  Wallace  : 

for  ye  Pareshioners  of  Gresmire  their  Caveat  00 — 01 — 00. 
Under  June  27th  of  the  same  year  we  also  read :  — 

for  a  Cop.  of  ye  Refferees  names  concerning  Wallas  00 — 01 — 06. 

Dr.  Magrath  ^  suggests  that  this  may  have  been  James 
1.  The  Flemings  in  Oxford,  pp.  77,  79. 


Grasmere 


1063 


Wallas  of  Knaredale,  a  Petitioner  for  Compoundiug 
between  1652  and  1654;  but  it  almost  certainly  refers  to 
the  Grasmere  Minister. 

Calamy  speaks  about  the  "  scandalous "  conduct  of 
Wallace,  and  the  proceedings  of  the  County  Sessions  for 
that  period  throw  some  light  upon  the  matter :  — 


Sessions  Oct.  5.  1655  at  Kendall. 
The  Last  daie  of  July  1655  wth  force  and  armes  at 
Gressmire  aforesaid  in  and  upon  Clara  Barwis  of 
Loughrigg  in  ye  said  County  Spinst.  being  a  virgin 
of  ye  age  of  22  by  yeares  then  and  there  &c.  an 
Assault  did  make  and  ye  said  Clara  to  ravish  did 
attempt  &c. 

The  30th  daie  of  August  1655  at  Gressm  in  ye 
said  Countie  wth  force  and  armes  in  and  upon 
John  Hird  &c  an  Assault  &c.  and  him  did 
beat  &c. 


John  Wallas 
of  Gressmr 
Gierke 
Traversed 
Ven.    fac 
Jur.   11  Janrj 
found  not 
guilty. 

John  Wallas 
of  Gressmr 
Clerke 
Traversed 
Ven.  fac. 
Jur.   11  Jan. 
found  guilty 
fined    Xijd. 


Recogn  taken  in  Court  at  this  Sessions. 
Traversed  John  Wallas  of  Gressmire  Clerke  xxli. 

General   Sessions 

January  11,   1655 — 6 

Indictment. 


The  last  day  of  July  1655  at  Grsmr  in  ye  said 
County  ye  detestable  sinne  of  fornication  with 
John  Wallas  Clarke  did  Coniitt  to  ye  Great  dishonor 
of  God  evill  example  of  others  agt  ye  Statute  &c. 


Clara   Barwis 
of  Loughrigg 
Spinstr 
Committed 
for   three 
moneths. 
John   Hird 
of   Gressmr 


yeom 
ven.  fac' 


The  xxxth  daie  August  1655  wth  force  and  armes 
at  Gressmr  aforesaid  in  ye  said  County  in  and  upon 
John  Wallas  Clerke  there  &c.  an  assault  &c.  and 
him  did  beate  &c.   agt.   ye  publique  peace   &c. 

It  is  not  easy  to  say  exactly  what  happened  to  Wallace, 
but  it  would  seem  that  the  more  serious  charge  of  the 
two  broke  down,  though  the  case  against  him  in 
)ther     respects     is     strong.      He     lost     his     living     at 

1.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 


1064  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Grasmere;  but  there  is  nothing  to  show  that  it  was  on 
this  account ;  and  he  became  Vicar  of  Heversham  in  1658, 
in  the  account  of  which  place  further  information  respect- 
ing him  will  be  found.  ^  The  Registers  name  a  Thomas 
Wilson  as  "  Clarke  "  at  "  Gressmere  "  in  1655 ;  but  unless 
he  was  acting  as  Curate  there  seems  no  opening  for  him. 

John  Thompson,  1656  ( ?) . 

It  is  extremely  difficult  to  read  correctly  the  course  of 
events  at  Grasmere  Church  during  these  years,  and  to  fix 
accurately  the  ecclesiastical  character  of  the  men  who 
served.  This  is  largely  due  to  the  Fleming  influence, 
which  was  all  powerful  in  the  district,  Daniel  Fleming, 
its  chief  representative,  being  strongly  Royalist.  He  was 
Patron  of  the  living,  and,  as  far  as  possible,  he  would 
endeavour  to  secure  appointments  in  harmony  with  his 
principles.  John  Thompson  is  given  by  Walker  in  his 
list  of  Sequestered  Clergy;-  and  sequestered  he  un- 
doubtedly was,  though  for  what  reason  does  not  appear. 
Doubtless  he  is  the  person  referred  to  in  the  following :  — 

Dec.  4.  1656. 

Spent  at  Penrith  when  Mr.  Thompson  appeared  there  to  showe  unto 

the  Commissioners  by  what  title  he  officied  att  Gresmer  00  :  01  :  06.  3 

John  Thompson,  1657. 

He  is  called  John  Thompson,  "  Junior,"  to  distinguish 

him  from  his  predecessor,   who  is  named  "  Senior "  by 

Walker  and  others.      His  appointment  is  given  in  the 

following  :  — 
Gresmire  in 
Com.   Westmorland. 

John  Thompson  the  younger  CI.  admitted  the  24th  day  of  March 
1657  to  ye  Sequestration  of  the  Rectory  of  Gresmire  void  by  the  ejection 
of  John  Thompson  ye  elder  Upon  a  Nomination  from  Daniel  fileming 
Esqr.  the  patron  And  Certificates  from  Hen.  Wilkinson  Chr.  Newell  I 
Jos.  PuUen  Wn  Davenant  Rob.  Jenner  Jo.  Williams  Jos.  Batemanj 
Sam.  Jemmatt  Tho.  Gilliner  Will  Tatem  Nic.  Proffet  Narcissus] 
Marsh.* 

1.  Vide  p.  976. 

2.  Walker,  Pt.  ii,"p.  384. 

3.  The  Fleming  MSS.  H.  M.  C.  Twelfth  Report  Appendix,  Pt.  vii 
p.  364. 

4.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  998. 


Grasmere  1065 

It  is  clear  that  John  Thompson,  "  younger,'  was  after 
Daniel  Fleming"s  mind,  and  that  at  the  Restoration  he 
had  no  difficulty  in  accepting  the  new  order  of  things. 
A  disturbance  in  Langdale  Chapel,  when  he  was  reading 
the  Book  of  Common  Prayer,  led  to  the  conviction  of 
William  Wilson,  the  offender,  as  the  following  shows  :  — 
Quinto  die  October  in  the  reign  of  Charles  duodecimo.  [1660]. 
Order. 

fforasmuch  as  Wm.  Willson  of  Langdale  yeoman  hath  beene  this  day 
indicted  for  disquietinge  abuseinge  and  disturbinge  John  Thompson 
Clerk  vicar  of  Gressmire  in  readiiige  ye  booke  of  Comon  prayer  or 
Service  of  ye  Church  and  in  his  Collacon  or  preachinge  at  Langdale 
Chappell  in  this  Countye  ye  xxvith.  of  September  last  past  beinge  ye 
Lord's  day  And  ye  said  Willim  Willson  beinge  prent  in  Court  and 
beinge  demanded  whether  he  would  traerse  ye  said  Indictmt  or  submit 
and  put  himselfe  into  ye  Justice  of  ye  Court  touchinge  ye  said 
Trespasse  but  denieinge  and  refuseinge  to  doe  either  It  was  thought  fit 
By  the  Court  yt  ye  oath  of  Allegiance  should  be  tendered  unto  him 
and  forasmuch  as  he  refused  to  take  ye  same  It  is  therefore  ordered 
that  the  said  Wm.  Willson  shalbe  Comitted  to  the  Comon  Gaole  of 
the  Countye  there  to  remaine  untill  he  pay  100  mks  to  his  Mat's  use 
wch  if  he  faill  to  pay  wthin  6  weekes  after  his  said  Conviction  then 
he  is  to  stand  comitted  for  6  moneths  next  followinge  and  to  appeare 
at  the  next  Sessions  for  ye  refuseinge  of  the  said  oath  of  Allegiance 
to  know  ye  further  pleasure  of  ye  Court. 
Obligat  ad  bon.  port.' 

John  Ambrose,  B.D.,  1660  (?)— 1684. 

He  was  the  sixth  son  of  John  Ambrose  of  Lowick,  his 
mother  being  Dorothy,  daughter  of  William  Fleming  of 
Rydal  Hall.  He  received  his  early  education  at  Sedbergh 
Grammar  School,  going  thence  to  St.  John's  College, 
Cambridge,  where  he  became  Fellow  in  1629. ^  Walker 
says  that  he  was  sequestered  from  Grasmere,  but  the 
evidence  for  this  is  not  forthcoming.  The  following 
letter  refers  to  a  Petition  he  wished  to  present  to  the 
Secretary  of  State,  but  for  what  purpose  is  not  stated :  — 

Sr. 

The   Genl   that  psents  this   to   you   is   one   that   I   know   to   be   a 
very   honest   man   and   a   Loyall   subject.     He   hath   both    done   and 

1.  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 

2.  Sedbergh  School  Regist-er,  p.  70. 


io66  The    Ejected   of  1662 

suffered  much  in  the  late  unhappy  troubles,  and  before  He  desires 
to  psent  a  petn  to  Mr.  Secretary  to  mynd  him  of  a  thing  which  I 
feare  length  of  time  and  multiplicity  of  business  may  have  made  him 
forget.  If  it  lyes  in  yor  power  either  to  direct  or  assist  him  in  it 
I  prsume  you  will  doe  it  for  his  Country  sake  and  some  Relatives 
he  hath  that  are  well  knowne  to  you ;  otherwise  I  had  not 
with  so  much  confidence  interposed  in  yor  weighty  affaires.  For 
which  I  crave  pardon,  I  am  Sr  yor  very  humble  Servt 

Jo.   Barwick. 
Nov.    15.    61. 

These  for  my  much  honord  friend  Francis  Williami^on  Esqr  at  Court. ' 
[End.]    Nov.    16.    1661. 
Fr.   Barwick  Com. 

Mr.    Ambrose. 

In  an  Inquisition  held  in  1663,  John  Ambrose  appears 
as  plaintiff  and  Robt.  Braithwaite,  Christ.  Nicholson, 
Thos.  Benson  and  John  Benson  as  defendants,  the  matter 
in  disjDute  being  the  "  Rectory  and  parish  of  Grasmyre. 
Tithes."  2  In  1671  John  Ambrose  of  "  Lowick  Parson  of 
Grassemoor  "  appears  as  "  one  of  the  Supervisors  of  the 
Will  of  Agnes  Dudley  of  Yanwath."  Writing  to  the 
Archbishop  of  York  in  1669  for  the  appointment  of 
John  Pearson  to  Ambleside  Chapel,  Daniel  Fleming 
says  that  he  does  so  for  John  Ambrose,  Incumbent 
of  the  mother  Church  at  Grasmere,  as  well  as  for 
himself.  Again  in  1674,  in  his  letter  to  the  Bishop 
objecting  to  the  request  of  the  Ambleside  people  for  their 
Chapel  to  be  made  parochial,  he  says  that  he  is  writing 
in  the  "  absence  of  Mr.  John  Ambrose,  Rector,  now  in 
residence  at  St.  John's,  Cambridge,  as  Fellow."  ^  In  Sir 
Daniel  Fleming's  Account  Book  is  the  following  :  — 
1659-60  Jan.  26.  Lost  att  Tables  unto  Parson  Anib.  00  :  01  :  00.4 

There  are  also  several  references  to  "cosine  Ambrose,"  and 
John  Ambrose  of  Lowick,  doubtless  the  same  individual. 
He  was  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Lowick  as  well  as  Rector  of 
Grasmere,  and  in  all  probability  his  duties  in  the  latter 
capacity  were  discharged  frequently  by   a  substitute.     He 

1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  vol.  44,  fol.  53. 

2.  Ex.  Dep.  Mich.,  22. 

3.  Ambleside,  &c.,  pp.  42  and  46. 

4.  H.   M.   C,  Twelfth  Rep.   Appendix,  Pt.   vii.,  p.   368. 


Grasmere  1067 

was  the  last  in  the  male  line  of  the  Furness  family  of 
that  name,  and  is  said  to  have  been  of  the  same  family 
as  Isaac  Ambrose,  the  Ejected  Minister  of  Garstang.^ 
He  died  on  Aug.  16,  1684,  at  the  age  of  78  years,  and  was 
bnried  at  XJlverston,  in  whose  Church  a  monument  to  his 
memory  may  be  seen.  His  burial  entry  in  the  XJlverston 
Registers  reads  thus  :  — 

1684    Aug.    20.     John    Ambrose    of    Lowick    Esqr. 

It  would  appear  that  he  held  the  living  until  his  death. 
Besse  refers  to  him  in  1670  as  Priest  of  Grasmere,  and 
again  in  1682  as  "  Vicar  or  Curate  of  that  Parish."  ^ 
Tlie  names  of,  at  least,  two  of  John  Ambrose's  Curates  are 
known.  John  Browke  signs  as  such  in  connection  with  a 
Brief  on  Nov.  24,  1661 ;  and  the  other  is  John  Braith- 
waite,  of  whom  a  further  notice  may  be  given.  From 
1667,  if  not  earlier,  he-  was  the  Rector's  deputy  at  Gras- 
mere, the  duties  of  the  sacred  office  falling  upon  him. 

John  Braithwaite,  B.A. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon  by  Benjamin  of  Lincoln, 
September  23,  1666;  Priest  by  George  of  Chester,  June  2, 
1667;  licensed  to  serve  Cure  here  on  same  day;  and  sub- 
scribed the  required  declaration  the  same  time.  In  his 
Account  Book  Daniel  Fleming  has  the  following  references 
to  him :  — 

1672  Aug.  12.  Given  by  my  wife  to  Mr.  Brathwait  for  Churching 
her— 00  :05  :00. 

1675  Aug.  17.  Given  unto  Mr.  John  Brathwait  for  preaching 
of  my  dear  wife's  funerall-sermon  upon  (Prov.  31.  29)  and  often 
visiting  her  during  the  time  of  her  sickness  and  praying  by  her — 
02  :00  :00. 

1677  July  16.  Given  unto  Mr.  Braithwait  of  Gresmere  for  pub- 
lishing of  my  daughter  Catherine  .three  Sundayes  in  that  church 
and  for  his  certificate — 00  :  02  :  06. 

1679  Apr.  16.  Paid  for  seven  ballads  to  my  children  3d.  given 
to    Parson    Br  [athwaite's]    daughter    6d. — 00  :00  :09. 

1680-1  Feby.  27.  This  day  at  Ambleside  I  mett  with  the  sad 
newes  of  her  death  [his  mother]  who  dyed  at  Conistone  Hall 
February   26th    1680    about    12    of   the   clock,    and   who   was   buried 

1.  Notitia  Cest.  C.  S.   (0.  S.)  vol.  xxii,  p.  535  note  2. 

2.  Sufferings  of  the  Quakers,  vol.  i,  p.  318  :  vol.  ii,  p.  28. 


io68  The    Ejected   of  1662 

in  the  Lady  Bold's  grave  in  Coningston  church  upon  Munday  the 
28th  of  February  1680-1  about  2  of  the  clock,  close  by  her  brother 
John  Kirkby  Mr.  John  Brathwait  preaching  her  funeral  sermon 
upon  1  Tim.  5.  9  and  10  and  applying  it  very  well  to  her.  Her 
executors  gave  2d   dole  as  had  been   given  for  her  husband. 

1682  Dec.  12.  Given  Parson  Brathwait's  son  who  brought  some 
wood-cockes— 00  :00  :06. 

1687  May  26.  This  day  Barbara  my  third  daughter  was  married — 
in  Rydal  parlor  by  Mr.  John  Brathwait — unto  John  Tatham,  onely 
son  and  heir  apparent  of  William  Tatham  of  Overhall  in  Ireby 
within  the  County  palatine  of  Lancaster  gentleman,  where  were 
many  good  friends.^ 

John  Braitliwaite  appeared  and  exhibited  as  Curate  at  the 
Bishop's  Visitation  July  2,  1674,  with  John  Mallison  as 
"  Ludimgr." 


Henry  Fleming,  M.A.,  D.D.,  1684—1728. 

He  was.  ordained  Deacon  by  Thomas  ot  Carlisle,  Nov.  23, 
1684;  Priest  by  the  same,  .Dec.  21,  1684.  He  was  the  son 
of  Sir  Daniel  Fleming  of  Rydal;  his  baptism  appearing 
in  the  Registers  thus  :  — 

7  Aug.  1659.  The  Chr.  of  Henry  ffleming  sonne  of  Daniell  ffleming 
of   Ridell   Esquire. 

He  matriculated  Queen's  Coll.,  Oxford,  July  24^  1678, 
aged  17;  graduated  B.A.  1682,  M.A.  1685;  and  became 
D.D.  in  1696.2  In  the  Rydal  Hall  MSS.  are  several 
letters  which  passed  between  the  father  and  son  during 
his  University  career.  His  Institution  was  on  Jan.  1, 
1684,  on  the  Presentation  of  his  father.  In  Daniel 
Fleming's  Account  Book  appears  the  following  note  of 
his  first  sermon  at  Grasmere  :  — 

1687  Dec.  11.  This  day  my  son  Henry  Fleming  preached  his  first 
Sermon  upon  Rom.  13.  10  in  Gresmere  Church,  where  I  would  have 
been  had  I  had  notice  of  his  preaching.' 

1.  H.M.C.,  Twelfth  Report,  passim. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  H.M.C.,  Twelfth  Report,  passim. 


r 


Grasmere  1069 

The  curious  custom  of  touching  the  King  for  cure  of  the 
"  King's  Evil  "  obtained  in  his  day,  and  the  following 
from  the  G-rasmere  Registers  relates  to  the  matter :  — 

Wee  the  Rector  &  Churchwardens  of  the  Parish  of  Gresmeere  in  the 
County  of  Westmerland  do  hereby  Certify  That  David  Harrison  of  the 
sd  Parish  aged  about  ffourteen  years,  is  afflicted  as  wee  are  credibly 
informed  with  the  disease  comonly  called  the  Kings  Evill  &  (to  the 
best  of  or  [our]  Knowledge)  hath  not  heretofore  been  Touched  by  His 
Majesty  for  ye  sd  Decease. 

In  Testimony  whereof  wee  have  hereunto  set  or  hands  &  seals  the 
ffourth  day  of  ffeb.  Asao  Doi.  1684. 

Henry  ffleming  Rectr, 

John  Benson 

Jon  Mallison       Churchwardens. 

Registered  by  John  Brathwaite,  Curate. 

From  this  it  appears  that  Henry  Fleming  was  E-ector 
while  John  Braithwaite  was  still  Curate;  and  the  extract 
above  given  about  preaching  his  first  sermon  at  Grasmere 
three  years  after  his  Institution  is  odd.  It  seems  that 
not  even  occasionally  had  his  Grasmere  Parishioners  the 
advantage  of  his  ministrations  during  those  three  years 
of  his  Rectorship.  This  lets  in  a  flood  of  light  upon  the 
evils  of  non  residence  and  Pluralism,  which  had  run  to 
greatest  excesses  in  his  day.  Later  Henry  Fleming  had 
added  to  his  Grasmere  living  that  of  Asby  in  Westmor- 
land. ^ 

Henry  Fleming  appears  among  the  persons  who  took  the 
"  oathes  and  subscribed  the  Test  "  at  the  Kendal  Sessions, 
Christmas,  1694,  being  described  as  of  Rydal.  ^  He  held 
his  two  livings  until  his  death  in  1728.^  He  had  Dudley 
AValker  as  Curate  for  a  time. 


1.  Vide  p.  1114. 

2.  The  Kendal  Indictment  Book. 

3.  Vide  "The  First  Publishers  of  the  Truth,"  p.  270,  for  a  reference  to 
"  Henry  ffleming,  Preist  of  Grasmore,"  and  his  prosecution  of  the 
Quakers  for  "  theire  Testemoney  against  that  oppreissive  &  antixtian 
yoke  of  Tyths." 


1070 


The   Ejected   of   1662 


George  Fleming,  M.A.,  LL.D.,  1728. 

He  was  Sir  Daniel  Fleming's  fifth  son  and  his  baptism 
is  thus  recorded  in  the  Registers  :  — 

June  30.  1667  ye  Chr.  of  George  Fleming  Sonne  of  Daniell  ffleming 
Esquire  of  Ridell. 

He    subsequently   became    Bishop   of    Carlisle    and    died 
July  2,  1747.1 

Little  Langdale,  several  times  referred  to  in  the 
accounts  of  the  Churches  in  this  group,  is  about  three 
miles  west  of  Grrasmere.  Its  Chapel  is  an  ancient  founda- 
tion, and,  as  previously  intimated,  it  was  an  appendage  to 
the  mother  Church  at  Grasmere. 


1.  Vide  under  Great  Salkeld,  &c.,  p.  382. 


III.      THE  KIRKBY  STEPHEN  GROUP. 
I.     KIRKBY  STEPHEN. 

This  town,  considerable  for  tlie  County,  lies  at  the 
extreme  east  of  Westmorland.  The  Parish  Church  is  the 
most  imposing  structure  in  it,  and  the  foundation  is  very 
ancient.  The  Registers  begin  in  1647  as  the  following 
indicates  :  — 

Register    of    all    Christenings    Weddings    and    Burials    from    April 

1647. 

Unfortunately  there  is  a  break  from  April  1659  to  March 
1676.     After  1659  we  thus  read:  — 

The  old  Parchment  Register  Book  wants  all  this  Book  from  this 
Place  to  the  End  wch  is  ten  years  and  about  seven  years  more. 

The  list  of  Incumbents  for  the  period  with  which  we  are 
concerned  is  as  follows  :  — 

Anthony  Wetherell,  1607. 

He  was  instituted  July  5,  1607,  and  was  here  in  1620; 
but  beyond  these  facts  nothing  is  known  about  him.  He 
was  gone  before  1645  when  the  living  was  vacant. 

In  1646  Henry  Masy  of  Kendal  endeavoured  to  secure 
Kirkby  Stephen  for  his  son ;  and,  in  that  year,  the  people 
themselves  earnestly  petitioned  Lord  Wharton,  the  Patron, 
for  Anthony  Shaw,  subsequently  of  Appleby.^  Their 
Petition  with  signatures  is  here  appended :  — 

Sept.    1646. 
To  the  right  honourable   Philipp,   Lord   Wharton,   Lord  Lieut,   of 
the  Countie  Westmorland,   and   Patron  of  the  Vicarage  of  Kirkebie 
Stephen. 

The  humble  Peticon  of  the  Inhabitants  and  Parishonrs  of  the  said 
Kirkebie  Stephen 
Humblie  sheweth 
That  wee  the  Inhabitants  of  the  said  Parish  are  not  a  litle  troubled 

1.  Vide  p.   1131. 


1072 


The    Ejected   of  1662 


in  oui"  Consciences  that  we  have  not  as  yet  a  Sufficient  able 
Minister  and  such  a  one  that  is  able  to  give  us  satisfacion  in  our 
doubts  that  may  any  way  trouble  our  Consciences,  he  who  hath 
supplyed  our  great  Chardge  this  year  and  about  is  not  qualified 
accordinge  to  ordinance  of  Parliament,  and  it  troubles  us  much 
Concerninge  the  Prime  Covenants  betwixt  God  and  us,  the  Holy 
Sacraments,  that  he  who  is  not  Qualified  accordingly  should  adminis- 
ter these  amongst  us  or  to  us,  Wee  are  very  loath  to  trouble  your 
hour  with  our  troubles  but  yt  we  are  persuaded  of  your  Lopps 
Religious  Intencions  for  the  propagatinge  of  Religion  amongst  us 
wch  animateth  us  to  make  our  greavances  knowne  to  your  honor. 
There  is  one  Mr.  Anthony  Shaw  which  as  wee  are  given  to  under- 
stand shewed  yor  Lopp.  a  Testimoniall  of  his  conversation  from 
the  Parishioners  of  Deane  in  Southampton  and  was  likewise  recom- 
mended unto  your  Honr  by  some  of  the  Members  of  the  House 
of  Comons,  Lieut.  Colonell  Branthwaite  and  wee  have  heard  him 
Preach  severall  tymes  to  the  full  satisfaccon  and  Content  of  us  all, 
upon  whom  we  dare  hazard  the  welfare  of  our  SouUs  for  matters 
of  instruction  in  the  Misteries  of  Salvation. 

Wee  therefore  humblie  pray  yor  Honor  that  the  said  Mr.  Anthony 
Shaw  may  be  our  Vicar  and  as  in  dutie  bound  wee  shall  ever  pray  &c. 


William  Willis,  Archididascal. 

Robert  Atkinson 

Christ.  Hindmer 

James  Peares 

Humphrey  Willmson 

Rich  :  Wmson 

Wm.   Hindmer 

Tho  :  Knewstubb 

Jo  :   Hindmer 

Wm.   ffawcett 

Henry  Wardell 

John  Page 

James  ffawcett 

Hugh  Wilson 

Wm.  Shaw 

Wm.  Blewbarne 

Tho  :  Hinde 

Edw.    Hartley 

Adam  Howard 

Tho  :  Lowson 

Jo  :   Tomson 

Rich  :    Hindmer 

Rich  :  Darbye 

Rich.  Crakhalt 


Wm.  Ewbanke 
Edward  Wilson 
Robt.   Wilson 
James  Tomson 
ffrancis  ffawcett 
Thomas  Shaw 
Wm.   Musgrave 
Tho.  Denyson 
John  Bilbow 
Tho  :   Ranison 
James  Tomson 
John  Tomson 
Tho  :  Dawson 
Wm.  Dawson 
James  Bowland 
Robt.  Addinson 
Edw.  Ambler 
Geoffrey  Harrison 
Jo.    Skelbecke 
John  Milner 
Tho  :  ffawcett 
Edward  ffawcett 
Robt.  Islipp 
Mich  :  Waller 


Kirkby    Stephen 


1073 


Tho :  Raw 
Wm.  Bamet 
Tho:    Kiplin 
Wm.    Tomson 
Wm.  Barnet 
Rich  :  Screwton 
Tho  :  Rud 
Christo  :  Dent 
Tho.  Rudd 
Wm.  Bell 
Tho  :   Wmson 
Geo.  Wilson 
James  Taylor 
Robt.  Scaife 
John  Brackin 
Jo  :  Haisthwitle 
Jo  :  Shutt 
James  Scaife 
Wm.  Atkinson 
Jo  :  Atkinson 
Geo.  Rudd 
Wm.  Blacklin 
Tho:    Waller 
Jenkin  Waller 
Lawrence  Garsdell 
Tho  :  Willmsn 
Rich  :  Waller 
Tho  :  Waller 
Christo  :  Ranson 
Henry  Salkeld 
Edward  Scaife 
Jo  :  Blackburne 
Wm.  Wmson 
Jo,  Bousfeild 
Henry  Wharton 
Tho  :   Newton 
Wm.  Scaife 
Jo  :  Dent 
James  Hur 
James  Banke 
Jo  :  Morland 
Cuthb  :  Morland 
Row.  Ewbanke 
Mich.  Morland 
Lane.  Morland 
Edw.  Waller 


Wm.  Parkin 
Xpo.  Parkin 
Rich.  Waller 
Ja.  Parkin 
Row.  Scaife 
Wm.  Waller 
Rich.  Spenceley 
Rich  :   Holme 
Law.  Bousfeild 
Gabr.  Morland 
John  Morland 
Robt.  Addeson 
Geo.  Dent 
Tho  :  Cleasby 
Jenkin  Morland 
Jo  :  Hutchinson 
Robt.  Rackstrey 
Miles  Bonson 
Edw.  Cockin 
Edw.  Hulton 
Hugh  Mason 
Wm.  Hetherinton 
Tho  :   Hutton 
Robt.  Collin 
Rich.  Battersbie 
Nicholas  Walker 
Nath.  Devis 
Edmond  Dent 
Tho  :    Benson 
Wm.  Busir 
Wm.  Tomson 
Tho  :  Walker 
Geo.  Pettie 
Michaell  Wolfe 
Rich  :  Brunskell 
Jo  :  Waller 
Tho  :  Whitehead 
Edw.  ffaijrer 
Jo  :    Waller 
Robt.  Spraerley 
Rich  :   Spenceley 
Jo  :  Waller 
Wm.  Waller 
John  Bland 
Wm.  Morland 
Robt.  Wright 


I074 


The   Ejected   of  1662 


Eich  :   Scaife 
Row.  Orton 
Hen.  Huginson 
Rich  :  Rogrson 
Tho  :  Harrison 
James  Bell 
Jo.  Waller 
Jo.  Laidman 
Edw.  Hindmer 
John  Knewstubb 
Wm.  Pettie 
John  Knewstubb 
Rich.  Law 
Jo  :   Waller 
Hen.  Bousfeild 
Edw.  Walker 
Miles  Morland 
John  Robertson 
Mich  :  Wharton 
Tho  :  Waller 
Tho  :  ffothergill 
Edw.  ffothergill 
Gabr.  ffothergill 
Tho  :  ffothergill 
Robt.  Knewstubb 
James  Wetherell 
Jo  :  ffothergill 
Symon  ffothergill 
Jo  :  ffothergill 
Jo.  Collinson 
Robt.   Mosse 
Jo :   Banke 
Jo  :  Wastall 
Tho  :  Blenkame 
Tho  :  Bousfeild 
Tho  :   Hallyday 
Tho:   Waller 
Tho  :  Mosse 
Tho  :  Wharton 
Jo  :  Pettie 
Christopher  Bell 
Rowl  :   Pettie 
Hen.  Law 
Tho  :   Cooke 
Jo  :  Unthanke 
Edw.  Cooke 


Hen.  Pettye 
John   Tebey 
Geo.   ffranckland 
Jo  :  Barnes 
Tho  :  Laidman 
Jo  :  Pettie 
Jo  :  Grainger 
John  Harrison 
Wm.   Hugginson 
Peter  Wharton 
Wm.  Hutchinson 
Rich  :  Wharton 
Wm.  W^harton 
Tho  :  Orton 
Wm.  Orton 
Adam  Goodbame 
Wm.  Blenkame 
Christo  :   Hindmer 
Tho  :  Addison 
Jo  :  Wharton 
Hen  :  ffawcett 
Robt.  Jackson 
John  Orton 
Regnold  Raikstrey 
John  Spooner 
James  Simpson 
Edw.  Walker 
Edw.  Birkdale 
Wm.  Bland 
Jo  :   Wharton 
Hen.   Parkin 
Geo.  Harrison 
Edm.  Shaw 
Jo  :  ffothergill 
Willm  Wharton 
Jo.  Atkinson 
Geo.  Berkbecke 
Jo.  Croasdell 
Rich.  Bell 
Wm.  Shaw 
Robt.  Shaw 
Rich.  Shaw 
Sym.  Shaw 
Hen.  Whitfeild 
Edm.  Shaw 
Tho  :  Shaw 


Kirkby    Stephen 


1075 


Hen.  Shaw 
Hen.  Hugginson 
Jo  :   Hugginson 
Jo  :   fothergill 
Brian  Huginson 
Tho.  Shaw 
Rich.  Shaw 
Robt.   Shaw 
Rich.  Shaw 
Tho:  Whitfeild 
Geo  :  Berkdaile 
Antho.  Shaw 
Giles  Hall 
Tho  :   Wharton 
Heai.  Birkbecke 
Jo.  Warricke 
Math.    Robinson 
Antho.  Dixon 
Mich,  ffothergill 
Expo.  Kinge 
Geo  :  Kinge 
Leo.  Ewbanke 
Rich.  Wharton 
Mich.  Wharton. 
Rich.  Waller 
Robt.  Waller 


Robt.  Wilson 

Tho  :  Turner 

Wm.  Turner 

Rich.  Morland 

Wm.  Darbie 

Lane.  Parker 

Jo  :  Haisthwitle 

Jo  :  Darbie 

Tho  :  ffawcett 

Rich.  Haisthwhitle 

Ed.  Haisthwitle 

Geo.  Wilson 

Mich.  Huitson 

Tho  :    Ewbanke 

Robt.   Smart 

Wm.  ffothergill 

Charles  Dent 

Wm.  Dixon 

John  Dixon 

Tho  :  Mason 

Phil.  Wharton. 

[End.]  Sep.  1646. 

Petition  from  Kirby  Stephen 
Parish  for  Mr.  Shaw  to  bee 
Minister  there.  ^  > 


Lord   Wharton,   however,   did   not  appoint   either,  but 
fixed  upon  Francis  Higginson. 

Francis  Higginson,  1648. 

This  remarkable  man  was  the  son  of  a  still  more  distin- 
guished father,  a  Minister  of  the  same  name.  Francis 
Higginson,  senior,  was  born  in  the  year  1587,  educated 
j  at  Emmanuel  College,  Cambridge,  "  that  Seminary  of 
Puritans  in  Cambridge  until  he  was  Master  of  Arts,"  and 
for  a  time  was  at  "  one  of  the  five  Parish  Churches  in 
I  Leicester."  His  chief  persecutor  was  Archbishop  Laud, 
and  he  resolved  to  seek  refuge  in  New  England,  whither 
80    many    harassed    Puritans    were    turning    for    relief. 

Cotton  Mather  says  :  — 

Three   vessels,   filled   with  Godly  and   honest   passengers,    amongst 
whom   were   two   other  Nonconformist  Ministers,    set   sail    from   the 


1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  52  (Bodleian),  fol.  25. 


1076  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Isle  of  Wight  about  the  first  of  May,  1629,  and  when  they  came 
to  Land's  End  Mr.  Higginson,  calling  up  his  children  and  other 
passengers  unto  the  stem  of  the  ship  to  take  their  last  sight 
of  England  said  :  "  We  will  not  say  as  the  Separatists  were  wont 
to  say  at  their  leaving  of  England — Farwel  Babylon !  Farewel 
Rome !  But  we  will  say  Farewel  Dear  England  !  Farewel  the  Church 
of  God  in  England  and  all  the  Christian  Flri^ends  there !  We 
do  not  go  to  New  England  as  Separatists  from  the  Church  of 
England ;  though  we  cannot  but  separate  from  the  corruptions  in 
it  :  but  we  go  to  practise  the  positive  part  of  Church  Reformation 
and  propagate  the  Gospel  in  America" ;  and  so  he  concluded  with 
a  fervent  prayer  for  the  King  and  Church  and  State  in  England, 
and  for  the  presence  and  blessing  of  God  with  themselves  in  their 
present  undertaking  for  New  England.^ 

He  lived  to  serve  only  a  little  over  a  year  in  the  New 
World,  dying  in  August  1630,  in  his  43rd  year.  The 
following  epitaph  was  placed  upon  his  tomb :  — 

Jacet   sub   hoc  Tumulo 

Mortuus 

Franciscus    Higginsonus 

Jaceret  et  ipsa  virtus 

Si  mori  posset 

Viator 

Et.    Sis  hujus  Ordinis 

Franciscanus. 

His  two  sons  were  John  and  Francis.  John  had  a 
brilliant  career  for  some  time  as  a  Schoolmaster,  and 
subsequently  he  became  his  father's  successor  at  Salem, 
Massachusetts.  Cotton  Mather  gives  him  a  high  charac- 
ter, speaks  of  him  as  "  another  Origen,"  and,  writing  in 
1696,  says  that  he  was  still  alive,  "  arrived  unto  the 
Eightieth  Year  of  his  Devout  life  and  about  the  Sixtieth 
of  his  Publick  work."  John's  son,  Francis,  received  his 
early  training  at  Sedbergh  Grammar  School,  and  in  1678, 
at  the  age  of  18  years,  entered  St.  John's  College,  Cam- 

1.  Magnalia,  Book  II.,  pp.  71 — 76  :  Brook's  Lives  of  the  Puritans, 
vol.  ii,  pp.  369 — 374.  The  information  about  the  Higginson  Family 
above  given  is  mainly  from  these  works.  Vide  also  Congregationalists 
in  America  (Dunning)  ;  and  Brown's  Pilgrim  Fathers  in  New  England. 


Kirkby    Stephen  1077 

bridge,  from  that  place.     Respecting  Francis,  the  brother 

of  John,  Mather  has  the  following  :  — 

For  a  time  Schoolmaster  at  our  Cambridge ;  but  having  attained 
as  much  learning  as  New  England  could  then  afford  he  was  desirous 
to  visit  some  European  University  :  and  being  recommended  to 
Rotterdam  some  Dutch  ^Merchants,  out  of  respect  unto  an  hopeful 
Scholar  of  New  England,  contributed  Fourscore  Pounds  in  Money 
to  assist  his  Juvenile  studies  at  Leyden.  Afterwards  having  visited 
some  other  Universities  in  those  parts  he  returned  to  England  where 
he  declined  a  settlement  in  some  other  which  he  thought  more 
opinionative  and  so  more  contentious  and  Undesirable  Places  to 
which  he  was  invited  and  settled  at  Kirkby  Stephen  in  Westmorland 
hoping  to  do  most  good  among  the  ignorant  People  there.  But 
it  pleased  the  God  of  Heaven  to  permit  the  first  outbreaking^ 
of  the  Prodigious  and  Comprehensive  Heresy  Quakerism  in  that 
very  place ;  and  a  multitude  of  People  being  betwitched  therein 
it  was  a  great  affliction  unto  this  worthy  man,  but  it  occasioned 
his  writing  the  first*  book  that  ever  was  written  against  that  sink 
of  Blasphemies  Entituled — The  Irreligion  of  Northern  Quakers.  This 
learned  person  was  the  Author  of  a  Latin  treatise  :  De  quiq  Maximis 
Lmninibus ;  De  Luce  Decreta  :  De  Luce  Creata ;  De  Lumine  Naturae, 
Gratiae,  and  Gloriae.  And  having  Illuminated  the  House  of  God 
in  that  part  of  it  where  our  Lord  had  set  him  to  shine,  he  went 
away  to  the  Light  of  Glory  in  the  Fifty  Fifth  year  of  his  age.' 

His  Institution  to  Kirkby  Stephen  was  on  Oct.  27,  1648, 
though  probably  he  had  already  been  here  some  time  :  — 

Ordered,  That  Doctor  Heath  give  Institution  and  Induction  unto 
Francis  Higginson,  Clerk,  to  the  Vicarage  of  Kirkby  Steven  in  the 
County  of  Westmorland  void  by  death  :  Salvo  Jure  cujusque  :  Lord 
Wharton   Patron.'' 

He  married  Edmund  Branthwaite's  sister,  whose  home 
was  at  Newbiggin,^  and  the  following  interesting  letters 
from  his  pen  bear  that  address:  — 

1.  Higginson  in  his  pamphlet  written  in  1653  says  :  "The  last 
Summer  there  came  or  rather  crept  unawares  into  the  County  of 
Westmorland,  George  Fox,  James  Nailer,  one  Spoden,  and  one  Thornton, 
all  of  them  Satan's  Seeds-men." 

2.  This  is  scarcely  correct.  In  his  first  pamphlet  Higginson  himself 
refers  to  "  The  Querers  and  Quakers  cause  at  the  Second  Hearing,"  a 
production  in  opposition  to  the  Quaker  movement. 

3.  Magnalia,    &c. 

4.  L.  J.,  vol.  X,  p.  567. 

5.  This  would  be  Newbiggin  near  Ravenstonedale. 


1078  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Right   Honourable 

It  hath  pleased  God  to  retunie  me  safely  to  Kirkby  Stephen,  where 
I  have  been  now  four  Lone  dayes  since.  I  left  Hela  [Healaugh].  This 
Country  hath  been  so  farre  impoverished  by  the  last  warre  and 
our  Parish  among  the  rest  that  men  generally  think  it  will  scarce 
recover  itself  in  7  yeares  of  Peace.  The  harvest  this  .  .  .  being 
very  ill  gotten  and  much  of  the  com  [MS.  torn]  of  our  Parish  this 
year,  and  it  may  be  for  some  few  yeares  following  will  be  worth  litis 
more  then  half  so  much  as  formerly;  but  for  that  the  will  of  ye 
Lord  be  done.  For  ye  gleab  the  Taxes  which  the  Town  hath 
layed  upon  it  this  year  have  carried  all  the  profitts  of  that  away. 
Whether  their  taxing  of  the  gleab  be  regular  or  not  and  whether  or 
no  I  might  seek  to  free  it  I  know  not.  Our  losse  in  our  household 
stuffe  was  lesse  I  thank  God  then  I  expected,  it  being  preserved  in 
some  poor  peoples  houses  whither  it  had  been  conveyed  out  of  the 
way.  The  Scotch  Irish  when  they  were  quartered  in  the  Town 
did  somewt  deface  the  house  we  dwell  in  by  breaking  down  all  the 
wood  in,  and  about  it  they  could  well  tell  how,  for  the  fire.  And 
among  the  rest  they  burnt  a  Bedstead  of  Your  Lordshipps  ^hich 
I  had  from  Wharton  Hall  when  I  came  first.  Your  Servant  Michael 
Wharton  was  somewht  plundered  for  your  Lordshipp's  sake  I  sup- 
pose more  then  his  own.  Among  your  Lordship's  Tenants  and 
Parish  none  was  more  ready  to  shew  himself  to  his  power  a  friend 
to  ye  Parliament  then  Robert  Waller  Richard's  Son  of  Wharton 
who  had  gotten  together  a  small  company  of  men  and  was  noted 
to  doe  very  good  service  at  Preston  fight  and  Rible  bridge  against 
the  Enemy.  While  I  continued  at  Hela  I  became  very  well 
acquainted  wth  your  Lordshp's  Servant  Mr.  Gunter  who  is  by 
what  I  could  hear  or  perceive  by  him  a  man  truly  honest  and  one 
yt  desires  to  be  faithfull  according  to  his  ability.  This  is  all  1 
shall  make  bold  to  [MS.  torn]  onely  I  doe  further  entreat  your 
Honour's  prayers  to  God  in  my  behalfe  that  he  would  vouchsafe  to 
blesse  my  weake  Endeavours  in  the  ministry  of  the  Gospell  and  shall 
remaine 

An  unfeyned  and  Earnest  Suppliant  to  God  For  your 
Lordship  and  your  Lordship's  faithful  Servant  to  my 
power 

Francis    Higginson. 

Newbiggin, 

Novemb  7th,  1648. 
[Letter   is   somewhat   dilapidated   and   endorsed.] 

7  Novemb  1648. 

Mr.    Higginson    to   my    Lord. 

To  the  Right   Honourable   Philip,   Lord   Wharton,   these   present.' 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  52  (Bodleian). 


Kirkby    Stephen 


1079 


In  1653  Higginson  appeals  to  Lord  Wharton  on  behalf 
of  the  education  of  some  of  the  sons  of  his  Patron's  poorer 
tenants  :  — 

Right   Honourable 

May  it  please  your  Honour  we  have  here  sent  the  names  and 
ages  of  some  yong  youths,  the  sonnes  of  your  Honours  Tenants  all 
of  them  except  one,  and  some  that  are  orphanes  whose  fathers  also 
were  some  of  your  Lordship's  poorest  Tenants  while  they  were 
alive.  They  are  all  such  as  we  (and  some  others  whose  advice  we 
had)  conceive  it  would  be  a  work  of  mercy  and  much  charity  to 
procure  their  bringing  up  to  some  learning  in  their  yonger  yeares  : 
their  parents  or  friends  being  so  needy,  that  they  are  able  to  doe 
very   litle   of   anything   att   all   for   them   that   way. 

We  have  sent  the  names  of  Diverse  that  your  Honour  may 
have  some  choice  among  them. 

Kerkby    Stephen. 

1.  John  Hindmere  an  Orphan  of  the  age  of  4  years  his  Father  was 
your  Lordship's  Tenant,  he  hath  a  brother  and  sister  elder  than 
himself.  They  all  live  upon  the  charity  of  some  of  their  next 
friends  their  parents  having  nothing  considerable  to  leave  them 
when  they  dyed. 

2.  Hugh  Cawland,  11  years  old.  He  never  yet  learned  to  read,  but 
knitts  for  his  living,  his  parents  are  both  dead,  and  were  your 
Honour's  Tenants  while  alive. 

3.  Chrestopher  Parkin  about  7  years  old.  His  Father  keeps  a  litle 
shop  in  the  towne  but  is  conceived  by  his  neighbors  to  be 
very  ....    [poor]   in   his   estate   and   hath   foure   children  more. 

4.  Michael  Waller  about  11  years  old,  he  goes  to  schoole  to  Mr. 
Willis,  his  Father  hath  some  three  children  besides  him,  they 
are  not  yet  able  to  shift  for  themselves  and  he  is  a  poor  honest 
man. 

5.  Robert  Sourby  about  6  years  old.  His  Father  hath  other  two 
children  and   is   a   poor   man. 

6.  Robert  Mason  an  orphan  of  8  years  old,  a  very  pretty  boy  and 
apt  to  learne.  He  had  nothing  left  him  by  his  parents,  and 
is  now  only  maintained  by  the  charity  of  a  (E'ather  in  law  who 
is  a  very  poor  cobler.  He  is  we  think  a  very  fitt  object  of 
charity,  only  his  Father  had  not  the  Relation  of  a  Tenant  to 
your  Honour  while  he  was  alive. 

7.  Michael  Wilson  about  7  years  old,  his  Father  a  very  poor 
labouring   man. 

Wharton. 
1.  Richard   Moreland   about   5   years   old,    grandson   of   old   Richard 
Moreland  that   is  now   blind.     His   Father   is   a  very  poore  man 
and  hath  six  children  the  Eldest  not  above  10  yeares  old. 


io8o  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Naitby. 

1.  James    Mason    about    7    years    old,    his    Father    they    say    is    an 
extreme   poor   man   and   hath   a   great   charge. 

2.  Henry  Wharton,  the  Son  of  Philip  Wharton  under  7  years  old. 

3.  Philip  Whitehead  5  years  old. 

If  your  Honour  please  to  have  more  nominated,  we  suppose  that 
your  Lordship's  Servant  Michael  Wharton  is  better  able  to  doe 
it  and  to  give  you  a  character  of  them  and  there  parents  condition 
then  our  selves  with  our  humble  prayers  to  God  for  your  Honour 
we  rest. 

Your  Honours 

Very  humble  Servants 
Kirkby  Stephen,  Francis    Higginson 

Sep.  19,  1653.  William    Willis 

On  a  separate  slip  is  the  following :  — 

The  names  of  poore  men  that  is  not  able  to  keepe  theire  children 
at   Scole 

Gyles  flothergill  one 

Thomas   Johnson   one 

Anthony  Pinder  one 

Mychaell  Bousfell  one 

Christopher  Rogerson  one 

Rychard  Goldrington  one 

Stephen  Bousfell  one 

[End.]  19  Sept.  1653.  Names  of  children  to  bee  taught  att 
Kirkby  Steaven,  Russindale,  For  the  Right  Honble  Philip  Lord 
Wharton   att   Aske.     These' 

The  following  also  relates  to  this  period :  — 

Branthwaite  Mr.  ffeb.  8.   1654. 

Ordered  yt  Edward  Briggs ;  Tho.  Burton  of  Brampton  &  firancis 
Sisson  of  Barton  in  ye  County  of  Westmrland  Esqrs.  Justices  of  ye 

peace,   Major   Arthur   Scaiffe    Mr.    [blank]    Jennings    Maior    of 

Kendall  Robt.  Scaiffe  of  Winton  Robert  Atkinson  of  Kirby  Stephen 
&  John  ffawcett  of  Kendall  aforesaid  in  ye  County  of  Westmrland 
Gentlemen  or  any  one  or  more  of  them  be  &  are  hereby  desired  to 
See  Edmund  Branphwaite  of  Kirby  Steven  in  ye  County  of 
Westmrland  Scale  &  deliver  to  ye  use  of  ye  said  Trustees  one 
Indenture  bearing  date  ye  Eight  day  of  January  made  betweene  ye 
Trustees  therein  named  &  ye  said  Edmund  Branthwaite  As  also  the 
bond  bearing  ye  same  date  from  ye  said  Mr.  Branthwaite  &  Robert 
Branthwaite   of    Bewly    Castle    Gentleman    &    ffrancis    Higginson   of 

1.  RawJ.  MSS.  Letters  52  (Bodleian),  fol.  69. 


Kirkby    Stephen  1081 

Kirk    Stephen    Clerk    for    pformance   of    ye    Covenants   of    ye   said 
Indenture    &  to    Subscribe  their   names    as    witnesses  thereto    &    to 
Certifye  ye  same. 
Ea.   Hall,  E.   Hopkins,  R.   Sydenham,  Rich.  Yong.' 

Nicolson  and  Burn  refer  to  Higginson's  "  two  very 
notable  pamphlets "  as  "  extremely  scarce,"  and  cite 
largely  from  them  with  a  view  to  "  preserving  some  of 
the  contents  of  the  same."  ^.  In  illustration  of  what 
Cotton  Mather  says  about  Francis  Higginson's  aggressive- 
ness in  relation  to  the  Quaker  movement  may  be  taken  the 
following,  which  refers  to  a  visit  to  these  parts,  near  the 
end  of  1652,  by  James  Nayler,  a  prominent  actor  in  the 
movement :  — 

The  next  day  he  [Nayler]  went  with  severall  others  in  to  Maler- 
stang  to  the  house  of  John  Knewstub,  where  the  next  day,  being  ye 
ffirst  day  of  the  weeke  was  a  very  large  fleeting  and  many  convinced 
and  perticularly  John  ffuthergill  and  Sevrall  relations  of  his.  To 
wch  place,  one  Burton  a  Justice,  on  ye  day  following,  being  the 
Second  day  of  the  weeke  (at  the  Instigation,  as  was  supposed,  of 
one  Higison  preist  of  Kirby  Stephen)  sent  some  officers,  who  tooke 
James  Nayler  and  francis  Howgill  went  along  with  him  and  some 
other  ffriends  to  before  the  sd  Justice  Burton  at  preist  Higinsons 
house,  who  Comited  Ja  :  Nayler  and  ffrancis  Howgill  to  Appleby 
Geoall  in  Westmrland,  where  they  lay  for  sevrall  weeks,  viz  from  ye 
ninth  Month  to  the  Sessions  at  Easter,  where  they  were  discharged.  3 

Jso :  — 

Ixxviii.  Thomas  Tayler.  For  Brawling  in  Church. 
Aug.  21.  1657.  Thomas  Tayler  at  Appulby,  did  openly  say  to 
Francis  Higginson,  preacher  there  in  the  publique  place  of  meeting, 
"Come  down  lyar,  for  thou  speakes  contrary  to  the  doctrin  of 
Christ,  for  Christ  hath  said  Sweare  not  att  all,"  whereby  nee 
did  not  only  molest  the  said  Francis  Higginson,  but  alsoe  did  cause 
greate  tumult  and  disturbance  amongst  the  people  then  and  there 
present. 
Fined  £3  6.  Sd." 

Among  the  documents  in  the  Parish  Chest,  in  a  very 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  1008. 

2.  Nicolson   and   Burn,   vol.    i,   p.    536. 

3.  The  First  Publishers  of  Truth,  p.  248 ;  vide  also  for  his  connection 
rith  William  Cole,  p.  932. 

4.  Depos.  from  York  Castle  (Surtees  Soc,  vol.  xl.),  p.  79. 


io82  The   Ejected   of  1662 

dilapidated  condition,  though  now  carefully  preserved, 
is  one  from  which  the  following  has  been  extracted  :  — 
3  November  1654.  Buryed  the  same  day  John  Petty  of  Sowleby 
some  tymes  Servant  to  Sr  Philypp  Musgrave.  The  same  day  Mr. 
Higginson  preached  his  funerall  Sermon  out  of  the  3  Chaptr.  of 
Lamentations  Vrse  26  :  "It  is  good  that  a  man  doth  quietly  wait 
and  hope  for  the  Expectacon  of  the  Lord."  Upon  this  Text  he 
desired  Mr.  Higginson  in  the  tyme  of  Sickness  to  preach  at  his 
funerall. 

Unlike  Henry  Masy  of  Kendal  Higginson  did  not 
unduly  trouble  his  Patron  with  letters,  and  Lord  Wharton 
reminded  him  of  the  fact.  This  drew  from  him  the 
following  valuable  communication.  Unfortunately  it 
bears  no  date,  but  it  must  have  been  written  about  1655 
or  1656 :  — 

Right  Honourable. 

The  true  reason  vrhy  I  write  so  seldome  is,  because  I  see  almost 
nothing  of  such  Importance  or  pertinency  as  to  invite  me  to  sett  my 
pen  on  work  to  your  Lordship.  Sir  If  it  might  please  God  so  to 
setle  the  greatest  affaires  of  the  Kingdome,  that  you  might  have 
liberty  to  come  downe  into  these  Northerne  parts,  to  stay  some  while, 
I  am  verily  persuaded,  your  presence  would  do  a  great  deale  of  good 
here,  both  to  encourage  all  the  well-affected,  &  to  discountenajice  the 
contrary  party  wch  excells  (I  hope)  only  in  number  The  Inhabitants 
of  our  Parish  are  yet  stift'e  in  retaining  their  old  though  groundlesse- 
Customes  :  &  they  have  I  think  the  worse  opinion  of  me  reporting  me 
to  be  an  Independent  because  I  endeavour  sometimes  when  a  necessity^ 
lyes  upon  me  to  persuade  them  to  forsake  them.  But  they  are  not 
words  that  will  persuade  them,  that  have  not  either  reason  or  witt 
enough  to  understand  them.  It  must  be  Authority ;  that  only  will  be 
a  Convincing  Argument  to  refractory  men.  There  appears  to  be  a 
great  want  indeed  of  an  established  Government  in  the  Church. 
It  yet  seems  almost  strange  (me  thinks)  that  it  hath  pleased  God  to 
bring  me  downe  into  Westmoreland  to  be  married  Shee  that  is  now 
mine  in  the  relation  of  a  wife  is  Sheriffe  Branthwaits  Eldest  Daughter. 
One  She  is,  thank  God,  of  a  very  good  repute,  Nature,  &  inclination 
to  Religion.  I  hope  I  shall  have  cause  to  be  thankful!  to  God,  & 
under  him  to  your  Lordship  (who  sent  me  down  into  this  Country 
where  God  had  provided  this  happiness  for  me)  all  my  dayes  for 
this  mercy.  I  must  acknowledge,  it  hath  been  my  intention,  &  my 
promise  to  God  &  my  self  since  my  last  arrival!  in  England  from 
East  India,  not  to  delay  the  first  opportunity  of  a  suitable  marriage 
wch  divine  Providence  should  offer  me.  And  now  I  have  obtained 
this  favour  of  the  Lord;  Blessed  be  his  name.     The  Augmentation 


I 


Kirkby    Stephen  1083 

that  was  made  to  Mallerstang  Chappell  failing  Mr.  Jackson  is  lately 
removed  from  thence  to  Grayrigg  (another  village  in  this  County. 
Some  of  the  best  of  the  dale  desire  Mr.  Preston  to  be  their  Preacher. 
I  think  it  is  better  he  be  there  then  that  they  should  be  utterly 
destitute  or  have  a  worse.  I  have  promised  them  tenne  pounds  p  ann, 
while  It  pleases  God  to  continue  me  here,  untill  there  may  be  some 
Augmentation   obtained    &    setled  upon   that   Chappell. 

The  Schoolemaster  at  Kirkby  Stephen  is  about  to  remove  to  a 
benefice  in  Cumbrland ;  &  so  the  Schole  is  like  to  be  void  within  a 
litle  while.  There  are  diverse  that  seek  to  obtain  the  place ;  &  among 
the  rest  one  Mr.  Kiplin  hath  gott  the  grant  of  diverse  of  the  Feoffees 
of  whom  I  am  none  (they  say)  till  I  be  elected.  I  heare  many  of  the 
parish  &  some  others  report,  that  according  to  Queen  Eliz.  Grant, 
your  Lordship  hath  nothing  to  doe,  either  for  the  Nomination  or 
Approbacon  of  a  man  for  the  place,  whereof  I  desire  to  give  your 
Lordship  notice  Sir,  my  earnest  prayer  to  God  for  your  Lordship  is, 
that  it  would  please  him  long  to  preserve  you,  to  be  a  great  Instrument 
for  his  glory  the  good  of  his  Church  &  for  the  setlement  of  this 
destracted  nation :  &  my  hearty  desire  is  that  according  to  my 
bounden  duty  I  may  ever  approve  my  self 
Your  Honours 

Most  obliged  &  (however  weak,  yet) 
faithfull  Servant,  especially  in  the 
Ministry    of    the    Gospell 

Francis  Higginson. 
To  the  Right  honorable  Philip  Lord   Wharton  att  his 
Lordships  house  in   Clarkenwell  near  London. 
[Endorsed.]  Kirkby  Steaven 
Mr.  Higginson.' 

In  1662  he  writes,  again  from  Newbiggin,  recording  the 
sudden  death  of  Edmund  Branthwaite :  — 

Right   Honourable 

This  Letter  will  come  to  your  Honour  upon  a  very  sad  occasion. 
On  Friday  last  the  14th  of  the  Month  my  Brother  Edmund  Branth- 
waite your  Honours  Servant  was  at  his  own  house  at  Newbegin  in 
as  good  health  to  our  thinking  as  ever  we  knew  him,  and  the  next 
morning  about  six  a  clock  I  heard  him  call  up  the  Servant  maid 
and  tell  her  it  was  almost  day.  After  that  he  lay  still  till  about 
nine  of  the  clock  and  we  thought  him  to  be  in  an  innocent  and 
natural  sleep ;  at  wch  time  my  wife  wondring  he  lay  so  long  contrary 
to  his  custome  went  into  the  room  to  call  him  and  could  not  waken 
him ;  whereupon  calling  me  to  him  I  presently  saw  cause  to  f eare 
that    which    proved    too    true   that    God    had    visited    him    with    an 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  104  (Bodl.),  fol.  49. 


1084  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Apoplexy.  I  sent  with  all  speed  to  Kerkby-Stephen  to  one  that 
hath  some  skill  in  physick  who  was  with  us  presently  after  tenne 
a  clock  and  we  used  all  meanes  we  could  think  of  to  awaken  him 
out  of  that  dangerous  sleep,  but  all  our  Endeavours  proved  ineffec- 
tual. I  sent  also  with  all  hast  to  Kendall  to  Dr.  Steel,  but  before 
the  messenger  could  gett  thither,  his  disease  grew  so  violent  that 
it  first  made  his  breathing  exceeding  difficult  and  then  putt  an 
end  to  his  dayes  in  this  world  about  one  or  two  a  clock  in  the 
afternoon  the  same  day  being  the  15th  of  the  ^lonth.  Thus  it 
hath  pleased  God  to  deprive  your  Honour  of  a  faithfuU  Servant 
and  myself  and  wife  and  others  of  his  relations  of  a  deare  friend ; 
and  herein  to  lay  us  under  a  very  great  affliction.  The  Lord 
make  us  to  consider  our  end  that  we  may  know  how  frail  we  are  & 
learn  by  such  sad  dispensation  of  his  providence  to  undervalue  this 
uncertain  world  &  life  &  live  only  henceforth  in  order  to  the  Enjoy- 
ment of  a  happy  Everlasting  life  with  God  in  Heaven. 

My  Brother  was  not  able  to  speak  one  word  to  us  after  that  deadly 
disease  had  seazed  on  him.  So  that  I  scarce  know  anything  of  the 
state  of  his  affaires  either  towards  your  Lordship  or  in  respect  of  his 
own  Estate  touching  which  I  was  not  envious  to  inquire  any  thing 
of  him  in  the  time  of  his  health.  But  I  shall  be  carefuU  that 
whatever  books  or  papers  of  his  do  Concern  your  Honour  may  be 
safely  kept  till  your  Lordship  shall  appoint  oaie  to  receive  them  from 
me  :  &  shall  endeavour  herein  &  every  way  as  sure  as  I  am  able  to 
approve  my  Self 

Your  Honours  faithfull  &  ever  obliged  thankfull  Servant 

Francis  Higginson. 
Newbiggin  Novemb   16th. 

1662 
[Endorsed]  16.  Nov.  1662 

Mr.  Higginson  to  my  Lord 

of  ye  death  of  Ned  Branthwaite 

The  Ld.    Sajictify   his  providence 

to  mee.     P.  W.' 

Calamy  places  Francis  Higginson  in  the  list  of  those 
who  were  ejected  by  the  Uniformity  Act,  but  who  after- 
wards conformed.  Neither  he,  however,  nor  Palmer  does 
more  than  just  supply  the  name.  Such,  however,  was  the 
case.     The  following  letters  to  Lord  Wharton  bear  upon 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.,  Letters  52  (Bodl.),fol.  117.  "Edmund  Branthwaite  of 
Kerby  Steven  in  the  County  of  Westmrland  gent.  Commissioned  the 
8th  day  of  Jany  1654  to  receive  the  Tenthes  of  the  Counties  of  Cumber- 
land and  Westmerland  from  time  to  time."  Lamb.  MSS.  (Plund. 
Min.),  1014. 


I 


Kirkby    Stephen  1085 

the  matter  and  furnish  much  other  interesting  informa- 
tion. It  is  clear  that  Lord  Wharton  was  using  his 
influence  with  a  view  to  securing  such  measure  of  con- 
formity in  Higginson  as  would  enable  him  to  return  to 
his  living.  Sanderson's  letter  has  been  slightly  abbre- 
viated :  — 

Right  Honourable 

I  receaved  your  Honours  letter  dated  Febr  21  &  give  your  Honour 
the  thanks  I  am  able  for  your  undeserved   favour  to  me. 

Your  Lordship  w^as  pleased  to  direct  me  to  write  two  letters  to 
your  self,  both  of  them  such  as  might  be  shewed  to  our  Reverend 
Bishop,  the  one  Concerning  the  things  I  am  dissatisfyed  in  more 
particularly  &  the  other  more  in  general  :  wch  I  have  endeavoured 
to  doe.  But  Sir  the  former  of  them  after  my  review  of  it  I  somewhat 
dislike,  &  therefore  if  it  be  your  Lordship's  Judgment  I  rather 
desire  the  latter  may  be  shewed  him  only  if  you  think  meet.  But  I 
committ  my  selfe  &  all  my  Concernments  to  your  Honour's  descretion. 
I  intreat  your  Lordship  to  intimate  to  me  when  it  may  be  convenient 
for  me  to  expresse  my  thanks  to  our  Reverend  Bishop  for  that  favour 
&  particular  good  wUl  which  he  hath  manifested  towards  me,  to 
more  then  one  or  two  :  for  I  have  never  done  it  yet,  &  may  be 
accounted  too  insensible  of  the   kindness  I  never  did   deserve. 

Sir  for  my  Brother's  Estate  of  wch  my  wife  now  solely  hath  taken 
administration  Wee  have  yet  received  in  all  but  about  291i  &  payed 
of  it  about  25li  for  his  funreall  Expences  &  to  the  Shops  at  Kirby 
&  to  some  Workmen  for  making  wells  &  other  work  about  his  house 
&  grounds,  wch  was  unpayed  when  it  pleased  God  to  take  him. 

Wee  have  endeavoured  already  to  gett  up  some  of  his  debts,  of 
wch  some  are  denyed  others  promised  to  pay  when  they  can,  but  in 
short  we  have  the  promise  of  but  about  30li  already  to  be  payed  at 
Whitsontide  next,  &  if  we  can  as  I  hope  we  shall  gett  up  301i  more 
of  his  debts  afore  that  time  Your  Lordship  shall  have  60li  from  us 
then  :  wch  is  more  then  I  can  absolutely  promise,  but  I  will  doe  my 
Endeavour.  And  before  that  time,  I  am  but  too  certain  that  I 
cannot  answer  your  Lordship's  desire  in  this  kind.  We  must  have 
time  before  we  can  pay  my  Brother's  debts,  wch  prove  more  by  farr 
then  at  first  I  dreamed  of.  Within  a  while  I  will  give  your  Lordship 
a  particular  account  of  them.  In  the  meantime  I  think  my  self 
obliged  to  inform  your  Lordship  of  this  one  particular  before  your 
Honors  Courts  are  kept  in  Orton  parish  :  that  the  matter  may  be 
determined  then. 

My  Cousin  Thornbrow  tells  me,  that  after  his  best  enquiry  he  finds 
that  my  Brother  Rich.  Adamson  took  a  Morgage  from  John  Haber  ye 
elder,  &  John  Haber  the  younger  &  Agnes  his  wife  of  the  Moiety  of 
their  Tenement  at  Wood  End  for  the  consideration  of  55li  whereof 


io86  The   Ejected   of   1662 


theer  were  two  fines  of  the  Summe  of  12li  lis  6d  due  to  Lord 
Wharton  And  that  my  Bro  Rich.  Adamson  after  that  made  an 
Assigment  of  the  said  Morgage  to  my  Bro.  E.  Branthwaite,  for  mony 
he  ought  him,  the  said  fines  being  unpayed  still  &  unknown  to  my 
Bro.  Edmund,  till  after  my  Brother  Adamson's  decease.  This  seemed 
a  litle  strange  to  mee  &  because  I  thought  it  might  possibly  concern 
us,  I  lately  desired  Mr.  Fletcher's  opinion  whether  the  heir  of  yr 
land  or  the  Administrator  of  my  Bro.  Edmund's  present  estate  would 
be  engaged  to  pay  it;  &  he  tells  me  it  is  his  opinion  your  Lordship 
ought  to  seek  it  from  the  Possessor  of  yt  land.  However  some  of 
us  must  pay  it,  I  entreat  your  Lordship  to  consider  the  case,  &  give 
some  particular  about  it,  when  the  Courts  in  Orton  parish  shall  be 
held. 

Sir  I  beseech  you  pardon  the  trouble  of  these  letters  to 
Your  Honrs  most  obliged  Servant 

Francis  Higginson. 
[Endorsed]  28  Feb.   1662/3.' 

Rgt  Honble 

Give  me  leave  I  humbly  intreate  you  once  more  to  represent  to 
your  Lop  in  what  condicon  I  find  our  affaires  here  :  As  I  tould  yor 
Hcnr.  when  you  were  in  the  Countrey,  so  I  am  every  day  further 
confirmed  in  it,  that  the  Viccarage  of  Gilling  is  designed  to  be  rent, 
and  that  by  the  Ecclesiasticke  Superiours  tunongst  us,  I  had  not  the 
happ  to  be  believed  then  nor  dare  I  promise  this  intimacon  any 
other  success,  It  is  very  palpable  to  me,  &  I  thinke  it  probable  to 
yor  Honnour,  if  you  consider  that  Cowton,  Barton,  Eryholme  & 
Hutton  are  already  settled  by  their  Authority,  as  distinct  parrochiall 
and  yt  ye  Ministrs  in  ye  sd  Cures  rest  confident  of  that  Establishmt 
&  disclaime  all  dependence  upon  Gilling  their  constant  practice  and 
open  expressions  declare;  I  know  Mr  Dickinson  when  questioned  by 
yor  Honnr  in  that  very  pticular,  had  not  ye  ingenuity  or  courage  to 
speake  his  intencon,  but  since  he  hath  sufficiently  discover'd  himselfe 
&  indeed  the  whole  business,  for  after  his  vehement  denyall  that 
ever  he  made  any  promise  before  yr  Hcnr.  to  give  me  satisffaccon 
about  ye  arreares  due,  being  shamed  out  of  that  plea,  then  he 
alleaged  he  could  not  tell  what  he  spoke,  he  was  so  urgd  &  hastened 
by  yr  Lp.  In  sume  after  5  dales  attendance  upon  him  in  severall 
meetinges  &  the  trouble  of  diverse  gentlemen  &  neighbours  about 
composing  the  debate  many  strange  shuffles  being  used  by  him,  he 
att  last  gave  this  flatt  &  finall  answere,  yt  if  there  were  a  condicon 
or  promise  made  it  was  but  nudum  pactum  without  any  consideracon 
for  he  &  his  Church  had  no  relacon  or  dependance  either  upon 
Gilling  or  fforcett,  nor  had  the  Incumbents  in  either  place,  ought  to 
do  with  him  nor  would  he  pay  one  penny.  ...  To  a  due  order  & 
compliance  a  greedy  untoward   people  to   deale   with,   who   will   not 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  52,  fol.  104. 


I 


Kirkby    Stephen  1087 

kindly  brook  the  least  contradicon  either  to  sin  or  selfe,  for  since 
my  truly  worthy  neighbour  Mr  Shutleworth  is  disabled  for  publique 
Comunion  I  find  even  fforcett  also  a  very  uncomfortable  place,  popery 
&  prophaness  doe  so  rage  &  domineer  amongst  us,  &  the  litle  tast  I 
have  had  of  Gilling  convinceth  me;  that  who  ever  medle  there  must 
resolve  either  to  buy  or  want  their  respects;  and  the  rate  must  be 
of  their  own  setting  downe.  I  thanke  God  I  have  improved  Forcett 
since  I  came  to  my  great  charges  in  repaires  both  of  houses  &  ground 
&  I  have  as  great  a  share  of  their  love,  as  any  that  will  be  honest 
and  painfull  must  expect,  and  att  Gilling  I  know  none  that  will 
open  their  mouthes  agt  either  my  person  or  paines,  yet  I  humbly 
crave  leave  to  say  that  a  man  of  a  richer  purse,  and  more  litigious 
spiritt  (rebus  sit  stantibus)  were  fitter  to  enter  upon  Gilling  :  I 
should  long  to  be  where  I  might  peaceably  spend  my  selfe  and  reap 
some  comfort  in  ye  Comunion  of  Christians,  indeed  I  think  it  is  in 
yor  Honrs  power  to  put  me  in  such  a  place  if  Kirkby  Stephen  be  not 
otherwise  desposed,  I  have  more  then  once  been  moved  by  some  of 
yt  pish  &  related  to  yr  Lop  to  mencon  it  to  you,  &  on  Satturday  one 
of  the  pish  was  with  me  &  put  me  upon  the  same  account. 

My  Lord  I  find  my  selfe  exceedingly  inclined  to  pursue  Providence 
in  it,  And  doe  make  it  my  request,  in  all  humility  &  submission,  that 
you  will  take  it  into  yr  good  consideracon  :  ffor  since  good  Mr. 
Higginson  doth  not  continue  there  I  should  rejoice  to  succeed  such  a 
pious  painfull  labourer,  besides  it  is  my  native  Countrey,  and  I  have 
many  choice  friends  &  some  neer  Kindred  in  the  parish.  I  know  I 
may  be  rash  &  selfish  in  what  I  say,  we  would  avoyd  crosses  &  create 
Comforts  to  our  selves,  but  I  am  not  conscious  either  of  pride  or 
covetousness  in  this  proceeding  :  I  can  freely  referr  my  All  (next 
under  God)  to  yr  Honrs  prudent  disposall  &  I  resolve  to  acquiesce 
in  yr  Judgemt  hopeing  shortly  to  hear  what  you  determine.  If  yr 
Honr  peruse  this  enclosed  it  may  possibly  prevaile  for  some  speedy 
care  about  the   (at  present)   unsettled  estate  of 

Yr   Honrs   humblest   Servt 

&  daily  oratour  att  ye 

throne  of  grace 
Gilling  Jan.  5.  '62.'  Geo.  Sanderson. 

In  the  Episcopal  B-egister  at  Carlisle  also  are  notices 
respecting  Higginson's  reordination  and  license  to  preach 
in  the  following  terms  :  — 

In  Sacrum  presbyteratus  ordinem  admissus  est  ffranciscus  Higgin- 
son diaconus.     [Dec.  20,  1663.] 

Licentia  praedicandi  concessa  p'fato  ffrancisco  Higginson  vicario  de 
Kirkby  Stephen  vicesimo  primo  die  mensis  decembris  anno  dni  1663. 

1.  Raw).  MSS.  Letters  52,  fol.  106. 


io88  The   Ejected   of    1662 

In  the  Churchwardens'  Accounts,  which  begin  in  1658,^ 

appear  the  following  :  — 

1663  pd  to  Mr.  Bancks  for  preaching  0 — 5 — 0. 

1663  Pd.  by  Math.  Bell  when  Severall  Ministrs.  came  0 — 4 — 6. 

This    was    probably    during    the    period    of    Higginson's 
deprivation. 

Joshua  Stopford,  M.A.,  1663. 

He  was  instituted,  October  5th,  1663,  on  a  Presenta- 
tion by  Philip  Wharton,  but  he  could  not  have  remained 
more  than  a  few  months,  as  Francis  Higginson,  on  his 
submission  in  December  1663,  was  restored  to  his  living. 
On  Stopford's  resignation,  which  whether  suggested  in  view 
of  Higginson's  conformity  does  not  appear,  the  people  peti- 
tioned in  the  following  terms  for  the  living  to  be  given 
to  one  Mr.  Lawson,  and  it  is  interesting  to  notice  that 
Stopford  supported  the  candidature  :  — 
Right  honoble  and  our  Singular  Good  Lord  and  Patron. 

May  it  please  yor  Lopp  to  accept  of  the  hearty  thanks  of  the 
Inhabitants  of  the  Parishioners  of  Kirkby  Stephen  for  that  it  pleased 
yor  Lopp  for  ther  Piety,  Zeal  for  the  Glory  of  God  and  for  the 
Good  of  our  Soules,  after  we  have  had  a  long  want  of  a  Ministr 
amongst  us  to  provide  and  prsent  to  us  Mr.  Joshua  Stopford  a  person 
in  all  parts  Qualified  for  the  worke  of  the  Ministry.  And  whereas  we 
are  fully  given  to  understand  that  notwithstanding  your  presentacon 
of  him  to  us  wch  we  unanimously  accepted,  Yet  for  some  urgent 
Reasons  he  will  Resigne  the  same  againe  to  yor  Lordshipp  We  the 
Churchwardens  whose  names  are  hereundr  written  with  the  full 
Assent  and  Consent  and  in  the  name  of  the  whole  parish  humblie 
desire  yor  Lordshipp  will  be  pleased  to  bestow  upon  us  one  Mr 
Thomas  Lawson  of  Garstall  a  person  well  knowne  to  be  able  in  the 
Ministry,  his  Doctrine  Sound  and  Orthodox  to  our  owne  knowledges, 
as  also  approved  by  severall  orthodox  devines,  wch  if  yor  Lps  please 
to  do  we  shall  heartyly  and  willingly  receive  him  and  in  our  daly 
prayers  to  the  throne  of  grace  pray  that  the  Almighty  God  will 
shower  downe  his  plentifuU  blessings  upon  you  and  yors  in  this  life 
and  Everlasting  ffelicity  hereafter 

Yor  Lopps   humble  Suppliants 
John  Smith 

Mathew  Bell  Church 

Christopher  King        Wardens. 
John  Mosse 

1.  These  documents   are  extremely   interesting    and    are    well    worth 
publication. 


I 


Kirkby    Stephen  1089 

[Note  oji   side] 
Right  honble 

In  regard  we  are  very  Sencible  that  Mr.  Stop  ford  would  also  have 
Mr.  Lawson  to  be  our  Minister  himselfe  Resigneing  it  wee  further 
humblie  desire  him. 

Kirkby  Stephen 
30.  Nov.  1663. 

For  the  Right  Honoble  and  our  Singular  Good  Lord  and  Patron, 
Philipp  Lord  Wharton  nere  St.  Gyles  Church  in  London. 

these, 
pnt 
fEndorsed]  From  ye  Churchwardens  of 
Kirkby  Parish  in  ye  behalf 
of  Mr.  Lawson  to  bee  ye 
vicar.' 

Francis  Higginson,  1663 — 1673. 

He  remained  liere  until  his  death,  a  notice  of  fiis  burial 
appearing  in  the  Registers  thus  :  — 

20  May  1673  Buried — Mr.  ffrancis  Higginson  Vicar  of  Kirkby 
Stephen.  The  last  sermon  he  preached  was  the  11th  of  May  1673, 
and  His  text  was  68  Psalme  and  the  20th  verse. ^ 

John  Eawlet,  M.A.,  1673. 

He  was  instituted  September  5th,  1673,  on  the  death  of 
Francis  Higginson.  He  was  the  author  of  "  The  Chris- 
tian Monitor,"  and  a  book  of  poems.  ^ 

Samuel  Shaw,  1681 — 1691. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  March  16,  1678-9,  and  insti- 
tuted May  11,  1681.  Foster  gives  the  following:  — 
"  Shawe  Samuel,  B.A.,  from  Queen's  Coll.,  Cambridge, 
1673-4,  M.A.  1677  :  incorporated  10  July,  1677 :  perhaps 
vicar  of  Kirkby  Stephen."  ^ 

1.  Rawl.  MSS.  Letters  104  (Bodl.),  fol.  5. 

2.  Vide  "First  Publishers  of  the  Truth"  for  "Priest  Higison"  and  the 
Quakers,  p.   248  and  note. 

3.  Nicolson  and  Bum,  vol.  i,  p.  538. 

4.  Al,  Ox. 


ter-- 


I090  The   Ejected   of  1662 

The  Registers  contain  the  following :  — 

Jam  23rd.   1686. 
Memorandu. 

That  on  the  23d.  Jan.  '86  there  was  collected  in  ye  pish  Church  of 
Kerkby  Stephen  8s  5d  to  Release  Stephen  Bovel  of  Ravenstondale  out 
of  prison  at  ye  Request  of  ye  Ministr  Churchwardens  and  Divers  of 
that  pish  who  have  promised  to  doe  ye  like  for  aaiy  of  the  poore  of 
this  pish  in  distress  if  we  apply  to  them  for  Reliefe 

Recorded  by  me 
Sa.  Shaw  Vicar 
of   Kirkby  Stephen. 

They  also  record  the  burial  of  "  the  Reverend  Mr.  Samuel 
Shaw  vicar,"  on  May  13,  1691. 

John  Atkinson,  M.A.,  1691—1733. 

He  was  instituted  January  26,  1691,  on  the  Presentation 
of  "  Thos.  Dmus  Wharton."  Foster  says  that  he  was  the 
son  of  John  Atkinson  of  Appleby,  pleb. ;  matriculated 
Queen's  College,  Oxford,  2  March,  1687-8,  at  the  age  of 
18;  graduated  B.A.  in  1693,  and  M.A.  in  1696;  was  Vicar 
of  Kirkby  Stephen  in  1700,  "  preb.  of  Carlisle  1702,  and 
rector  of  Brougham,  1708."^  John  Atkinson  was  a 
Pluralist  on  a  very  large  scale.  He  was  appointed  Pre- 
bendary of  the  First  Stall  in  Carlisle  by  the  Crown  in 
1702  2  on  the  elevation  of  Nicolson  to  the  Episcopal  throne. 
In  the  Registers  appears  the  following :  — 

1701  Nov.  11  wedd  Mr.  John  Atkinson  Vic,  of  Ky.  S.  to  Mrs.  Lydia 
Shaw. 

Possibly  this  was  the  widow  or  daughter  of  his  predecessor. 
He  died  in  1733. 

In  the  Account  Book  previously  named  are  the  follow- 
ing interesting  items :  — 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Jefferson's  Hist,  of  Carl.,  p.  260. 


Kirkby    Stephen 


109 1 


1663  Charges  at   the   Woodside   about  giving    in  Recusants   names 
0     10. 

[about  1666]  Quakers 
Richard  Pinder  &  Bridgt  his 

wife  of  Kirkby  St. 
Petr  Dennyson  &  Isabella  his  wife 
Elizabeth  Grosedale 
John  Shaw  &  Agnes  his  wife 
Thom.  Wright  &  Dorothy  his  wife 
Tho.  Knewstub  &  Eliz.  his  wife  L    Mallerstang. 

Jo.  Knewstub 
Wm  Shaw  of  Cocklack 
Hen.  Whitfeild  Junr.  & 

his  wife 
Charles  Gibson  of  Wharton 
Thomas  Cleasby  &  Mary 

his  wife  of  Stowgill 
Hugh  Bailey  of  K. 
Henry  Waller  formly 

excommunicated  for 

Contumacy. 


The  Wharton  interest  was  very  powerful  in  this  district^ 
and  the  Musgraves,  who  were  of  the  opposite  way  of 
thinking,  wielded  also  considerable  influence  in  it. 


II.     CEOSBY  GAERETT. 

This  is  a  small  village  some  four  miles  due  west  of 
Kirkby  Stephen.  Its  Churcli,  dedicated  to  St.  Andrew, 
is  a  quaint  structure,  standing  on  the  summit  of  a  con- 
siderable elevation,  from  which  circumstance  the  place 
often  appears  in  older  documents  as  Crosby-on-the-Hill. 
The  Registers  begin — weddings  and  burials — in  1559. 
The  first  clear  entry  is  1571 ;  but  this  is  preceded  by  about 
a  dozen  others,  the  dates  of  which  have  been  worn  away. 
The*  writing  is  good,  bold  and  distinct.  The  following  is 
the  list  of  Incumbents  :  — 

Richard  Fallowfield,  1596 — 1636. 

He  was  instituted  on  a  Presentation  by  Thomas  Ambler, 
yeoman,  of  Kirkby  Stephen.  Possibly  this  is  the  person 
referred  to  by  Foster  in  the  following :  — "  Of  Westmor- 
land, gent..  Queen's  Coll.  matric.  13  Dec.  1588,  aged  18; 
B.A.  1  Dec.  1592,  M.A.  7  July  1595."  i  In  the  Registers 
appear  the  following  Fallowfield  entries :  — 

Buriales  :   1612  June  18.  Thomas  son  of  Mr.  ffallowfeilde. 

1616   July   23.  Elizabeth   wife  of   Mr.   ffallowfeilde. 

1630  Decern.  24.  Thomas  ffallowfeilde  lisquire. 

1631  Decern.  27.  Mary  daughter  of  Mr.  ffallowfeild. 

1636  Octob  13.  Mr.  Richard  ffallowfeilde  parson  of  Crosbygarett. 

On  April  12,  1629,  Richard  Fallowfield,  "parson  of 
Crosby  Garret "  gave  £3,  "  the  use  to  go  to  the  mainten- 
ance of  a  schoolmaster  there ;  and  when  there  is  no  school- 
master to  be  given  to  the  poor.  The  said  £3  to  remain 
to  the  said  use  for  ever."  ^ 

Edmund  Mauleveeer,  M.A.,  1636 — 1645. 

He  was  instituted  Dec.  10,  1636,  on  the  Presentation  of 
^'  Phil.  Musgrave,  Mil.  et  Baronet  de  Edenhall,  Patron." 
Walker  does  not  give  him  a  place  among  his  "  Suffering 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  532. 


Crosby    Garrett  1093 

Clergy,"   yet   that   he   was   sequestered    is   quite   certain. 
The  Registers  have  the  following  entries  respecting   his 
family :  — 
Chrestenings. 

1639  July  10.  Elleonar  daughter  of  Mr.  Edmund  Mauleverer. 

1642,  March  9  Wilyam  sonn  of  Edmund  Mauleverer  Rhector  Ibid. 

1645  March  26.  Philippe  sonn  of  Edmund  Mauleverer. 

Whether  after  his  Sequestration  he  modified  somewhat 
his  views  does  not  appear,  but  soon  after  he  obtained  a 
living  at  Marske,  in  the  West  Riding  of  Yorkshire.  The 
following  gives  the  date  of  his  appointment :  — 

6  Feb.  1646-7.  Ordered  &c.  That  Doctor  Aylett  or  his  lawful! 
Deputy  are  hereby  authorized  and  required,  upon  sight  of  this  Order, 
to  give  Institution  and  Induction  unto  Edm.  Maleverer  Clerk  IMaster 
of  Arts  to  the  Rectory  of  Marsk  in  Com.  Richmond,  void  by  the 
Death  of  John  Jackson  Clerk,  the  late  Incumbent,  Salvo,  the  said 
Mr.  Maleverer  taking  the  National  Covenant,  and  producing  his 
Presentation  thereunto  under  the  Hand  and  Seal  of  Jo.  Hutton 
Esquire,  the  lawful  Patron,  pleno  Jure.' 

Joseph  Bousfield,  1646. 

This  name  is  not  given  in  Nicolson  and  Burn,  but  the 
Westmorland  Certificate  of  1646  has  "  Mr.  Joseph  Bous- 
fell  ministr  of  Crosby  Garratt."  ^  In  addition  we  have 
the  following :  — 

Nov.  21.  1646. 
Crosby  Garret  Refer  Joseph  Bousfeild  Ministr  to  ye  Assembly  for 
ye  Church  of  Crosby  Garrett  Com  Westm.3 

He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Bousfield,*  Rector  of  Win- 
dermere; was  born  at  Killington  near  Sedbergh;  received 
his  early  education  at  Sedbergh  Grammar  School,  and,  in 
1631,  at  the  age  of  19  years  as  a  Knewstubb  Exhibitioner 
and  Lupton  Scholar  ^  entered  St.  John's  College,  Cam- 
bridge. The  Registers  give  the  baptism  of  a  son,  Joseph, 
(on  June  21,  1646;  also  the  burial  of  his  wife  "  Mabell  "  on 

1.  L.J.,  vol.  viii,  p.  711. 
I  2.  Vide  p.  110. 
Ila  Bodl.  MS.,  324. 

4.  Vide  p.  1037. 

5.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  74. 


I094  The   Ejected   of  1662 

June  26tli   of  the  same  year.     The  following   document 
refers  to  his  approval  by  the  Commissioners  :  — 
Grosby  Garrett.  Mali  19.   1647. 

Whereas  the  Rectorie  of  the  pish  Church  of  Crosbye  Garrett  in  the 
Countie  of  Westmerland  is  &  Standeth  sequestered  from  Edmund 
Mauleverer  by  the  Cotee  of  pliamt  for  the  sd  Countie  It  is  ordered 
that  the  sd  Rectorie  shall  stand  sequestred  from  henceforth  to  the  use 
of  Joseph  Bousfield  a  godlie  &  orthodox  divine  &  yt  he  doe  forthwth 
officiate  the  Cure  of  the  sd  Church  as  Rector  &  preach  &c.  &  to 
certifie  the  same  &  what  triale  they  have  of  his  guifts  and  abilities 
pticularlie. ' 

How  long  Joseph  Bousfield  remained  here  has  not  been 
ascertained.  The  Bousfields,  however,  appear  numerous 
in  these  parts,  the  Ravenstonedale  Registers,  in  particular, 
containing  several  entries  relating  to  the  family. 

Christopher  Jackson,  B.A.,  1657 — 1660. 

Calamy  gives  the  following  account  of  this  interesting 

man,  retaining  the  old  name  of  Crosby-on-the-Hill  for 

Crosby  Garrett :  — 

Mr.  Christopher  Jackson.  Bom  at  Leeds  in  Yorkshire,  and  design'd 
for  a  Trade,  and  put  out  an  Apprentice  :  But  his  Friends  observing 
his  Bookishness,  took  him  from  his  Trade,  and  sent  him  to  Magdalen 
College  in  Cambridge,  where  he  studied  under  Mr.  Joseph  Hill.  He 
was  a  very  Pious  Majn,  and  of  competent  Learning,  He  was  first 
turn'd  out  somewhere  in  Yorkshire,  and  afterwards  in  this  Place.  He 
liv'd  a  Mean  but  yet  an  Holy  Life  having  a  little  Estate  in  the  Parish 
of  Ravistondale.  He  sometimes  preach'd  occasionally.  Some  Ministers 
that  had  Conform'd  once  telling  him  that  he  had  a  bare  Coat,  he 
made  Answer  that  if  it  was  bare,  it  was  not  turn'd.^ 

Further  research  makes  it  possible  to  supplement  that 
account  considerably.  The  Tutor  of  Magdalen  College  in 
supplying  an  extract  from  the  Matriculation  Register 
says : — 

"Junii  22.  1652  Christopherus  Jackson  filius  Thomae  de  Leedes  in 
comitatu  Eboracensi  annum  agens  vigesimum  primum  e  schola  ibidem 
Leodiensi  admissus  est  Pensionarius  Tutore  Mro.  Hill."  There  is 
however  no  further  trace  of  his  having  been  admitted  to  a  Scholarship 
or  Fellowship  at  Magdalen.  The  University  Registrar  informs  me 
that  a  Christopher  Jackson  of  Magdalen  College  took  his  B.A.  in 
1655,  but  does  not  appear  to  have  proceeded  to  any  higher  degree.  3 

1.  Add.  MSS.,  Brit.  Mus.,  15671. 

2.  Calamy,  vol.  ii,  p.  753. 

3.  Ravenstonedale  Registers,   vol.   iii,   Intro.,  p.  xvii. 


Crosby    Garrett  109  5 

All  this  is  confirmatory  of  Calamy;  but  there  is  some 
difficulty  in  reference  to  the  statement  that  he  "  was  first 
turn'd  out  somewhere  in  Yorkshire."  It  is  quite  true 
that  the  position  of  any  holder  of  a  living — Royalist  and 
Cromwellian  alike — was  considerably  affected  by  local 
influences,  consequently  an  Ejection  of  a  Commonwealth 
man  was  possible,  but  it  would  be  exceedingly  rare 
between  the  years  1650  and  1660 ;  and  the  reader  is 
referred  to  the  account  of  Dalston  where  the  point  is 
discussed.^  It  is  curious  to  find  about  this  time  a  Chris- 
topher Jackson  at  Mallerstang  Chapel  as  witness  the 
following :  — 

Novembr  21.  1646. 
Malerstang  Chapel. 

Whereas  this  cotee  have  the  third  of  June  last  ordered  that  the 
yearelie  sume  of  ffiftie  pounds  should  be  paid  out  of  such  of  the  tithes 
of  the  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Kerkby  Stepheai  in  the  Countie  of 
Westmerland  as  are  Sequestred  from  Sr  Phillipp  Musgrave  &  Sr  Wm. 
Dalston  Delinquents  to  &  for  increase  of  ye  maintennoe  of  the 
Minister  of  the  Chappell  of  Malerstange  annexed  to  but  distant  from 
the  Church  of  Kerkby  Stephen  aforesaid  about  4  miles  the  pnte 
maintennce  belonging  to  the  sd  Chappell  beinge  but  61i  13^s  4d  p  Ann 
It  is  ordered  that  the  sd  yearlie  Sume  of  501i  be  paid  to  &  for  increase 
of  the  maintennce  of  Christopher  Jackson  the  psnte  Minister  of  the. 
sd  Chappell.  And  the  Sequestrators  of  the  pmisses  are  required  to 
paie  the  same  unto  him  accordinglie  at  such  tymes  &  seasons  of  the 
yeare  as  the  said  tithes  shall  grow  due  &  payable.  2 

Francis  Higginson,  in  his  letter  to  Lord  Wharton  about 
1655,  says  that  this  Christopher  Jackson  had  left  Maller- 
stang for  Grayrigg.^ 

In  October  1657,  Christopher  Jackson  appears  at  Crosby 
Garrett.  *  Nor  did  he  wait  for  1662  to  be  "outed,"  as  is 
generally  assumed ;  but,  as  in  the  case  of  most  of  the 
other  Ministers  ejected  in  this  area,  the  Restoration  led 
to  his  almost  immediate  removal.  The  patronage  of  the 
living,  held  by  Cromwell  during  his  regime,  would,  with 
the  return  of  the  King,  at  once  revert  to  Sir  Philip  Mus- 


1. 

Vide  p.  244. 

2. 

Bodl.  MS.,  323. 

3. 

Vide  p.  1083. 

4. 

Vide  Appendix  ii,  p.  1304 

1096  The   Ejected    of  1662 

grave,  from  whom  it  had  been  wrested,  and  he  would  not 
be  slow  in  making  his  influence  felt.  At  any  rate  we 
know  that  Mauleverer  was  already  back  at  Crosby  Garrett 
in  June  1661.  Around  no  person  does  local  tradition 
gather  more  strongly  and  persistently  than  it  does  around 
Christopher  Jackson,  His  name  is  almost  a  household 
word  in  these  parts ;  and  all  writers  on  local  Ecclesiastical 
History  repeat  Calamy's  statement,  amplified  and  empha- 
sized, that  after  his  Ejection  he  continued  to  reside  in 
the  Parish  on  his  own  estate  and  "  preach'd  occasionally." 
It  is  also  confidently  affirmed  that  the  present  Congrega- 
tional Church  at  Ravenstonedale  originated  in  his  labours. 
It  is  a  little  disappointing  to  find  no  historic  evidence  in 
support  of  this.  Christopher  Jackson's  name  does  not 
appear  in  the  Conventicle  Returns  for  1669 ;  in  the  Pre- 
sentment Lists  for  1670;  or  in  the  Indulgence  Licenses 
for  1672.  It  is  not  intended  in  this  to  throw  doubt  upon 
the  traditions  which  gather  so  plentifully,  and  in  such 
strength,  in  this  neighbourhood;  indeed  it  is  scarcely 
possible  to  deny  that  such  traditions  must  have  a  solid 
substratum  of  fact.  Nor  is  it  difficult  to  account  for  the 
silence  of  historic  documents.  Christopher  Jackson  would 
enjoy  the  sheltering  care  of  Philip,  "  the  good  Lord 
Wharton,"  and  in  his  case  a  License  might  not  be  neces- 
sary. At  any  rate  all  that  it  is  intended  to  make  clear  is 
that  this  is  tradition  only;  not  historic  fact.  That 
Christopher  Jackson  continued  to  live  in  the  neighbour- 
hood is  tolerably  certain ;  and  "  when  and  where  he  died  " 
are  no  longer  "unknown"  facts. ^  The  Registers  supply 
the  lacking  information  :  — 

1689  May  29  Mr.  Christopher  Jackson  buried  in  woolen  according 
to  Act  of  Parliament.^ 

1.  Vide  Trans.   Cong.    Hist.   Soc.  for  1907,  p.   92. 

2.  This  Act,  which  came  into  force,  March  25.  1667,  was  professedly 
"for  the  encouragement  of  the  woollen  manufactures  and  prevention  of 
the  exportation  of  moneys  for  the  buying  and  importing  of  linen."  It 
enacted  that  no  person  should  be  buried  in  "any  shirt,  shift  or  sheete, 
other  than  should  be  made  of  wooU  onely,"  and  its  provisions  eveai  said 
that  the  "quilting  round  the  inside  of  the  coffin,  and  the  ligature  round 
the  feet  of  the  corpse  were  required  to  be  of  woollen."     Frequent  dis- 


Crosby    Garreft  1097 

The  Eavenstonedale  Registers  record  his  marriage  in  the 
following  terms  :  — 

1664  Aprill  7.  was  wed  Mr.  Christofer  Jackson  &  Annas  Taylor. 

A  notice  possibly  of  her  burial  appears  in  the  Crosby 
Garrett  Registers  thus  :  — 

1688  Janu.  17th.  Agnes  Jackson  was  buried  in  woollen  and  a 
Certificate  brought  according  to  Act  of  Parliamt. 

The  Registers  at  Great  Asby  contain  niimerous  Jackson 
entries,  and  some  years  ago  Joseph  Jackson,  a  native  of 
Little  Asby,  left  a  sum  of  money  for  the  erection  of  the 
present  Congregational  Church  there,  in  memory  of  the 
Ejected  Minister,  from  whom  he  claimed  to  have  de- 
scended. The  Ravenstonedale  Registers  also  record  the 
marriage  of  a  "  Christofer  Jackson  and  Sarah  Handley," 
on  Nov.  25,  1647. 

Edmund  Mauleveeer,  1660 — 1663. 

Along  with  many  others  he  petitioned  the  House  of 
Lords  in  June  1660,  for  restitution  to  his  living  at  Crosby 
Garrett,  the  following  being  the  terms  of  his  Petition  :  -  - 

To  the  right  honorble  the  Lords  in  Parliamt  assembled. 

The  humble  Peticon  of  Edm  Mauleverer  CI.  p'sosn  and  minister 
of  Crosby  Gerratt  in  the  County  of  Westmland. 
Sheweth. 

That  ye  petnr  for  these  silxteene  yeares  last  past  hath  beene  most 
illegally  ejected  and  Thurst  out  of  his  psonage  of  Crosbye  Gerratt  in 
the  County  of  Westmland  and  from  the  exercise  of  his  Ministerial! 
duty  there  onely  for  his  Loyalty  and  good  effecon  to  his  matie. 

May  it  therefore  please  yor  Lordpps  to  Grant  yor  ORDER  for  the 
secureing  of  the  Tythes  Gleabes  and  pfitts  thereof  into  the  hands  of 
such  persons  as  yor  Lordpps  shall  thinke  fitt  ujitill  yor  petnr's  tytle 
to  his  said  psonage  shall  be  determined  by  due  Course  of  Law 
And  he  shall  pray  &c. 
Edm.  Maulever. 


obedience  of  the  law  led  to  a  more  stringent  Act  in  1678  which  required 
the  "clergy  to  make  the  entry  in  the  register  that  an  affidavit  had  been 
brought  to  them  within  eight  days  after  the  burial,  certifying  that  the 
requirements  of  the  law  had  been  fulfilled"  (Parish  Registers  by  Chester 
Waters,  p.  19).  The  law  was  only  finally  repealed  in  1814,  though  it 
had  long  previously  falleoi  into  disuse. 


1098  The  'Ejected   of  1662 

I  can  Testifie  The  trueth  of  this  petition  for  the  petitioner  was 
presented  by  Mee  and  forcebly  eiected  for  his  Loyalty  to  his  Maty 
And  is  a  conscientious  worthy  Devine 

Philip  Musgraue 

Sr.  Phil.  Musgraue  of  Edenhall,  Barrt. 

On  the  outside  of  the  document,  in  another  hand,  is  the 
following :  — 

23  of  Junij  1660  Mr.  Edm.  Mauleverer  Gierke  his  peticon  Exd.^ 

Along  with  George  Buchanan  he  was  elected  Clerk  of 
Convocation  on  June  8,  1661, ^  being  styled  E-ector  of 
Crosby  Garrett.  In  1662  the  Episcopal  Register  names 
him  as  a  Commissioner.  On  Oct,  22nd,  1663,  he  volun- 
tarily surrendered  his  living  at  Crosby  Garrett  to  Bishop 
Sterne,  probably  owing  to  advancing  years. 

Thomas  Denton,  B.A.,  1663—1702. 

He  was  instituted  to  Crosby  Garrett  on  Nov.  13th,  1663, 
on  a  Presentation  by  "  Phil  Musgrave  Baro,"  and  had 
previously  been  at  Edenhall  and  Brigham.^  He  held  the 
living  until  his  death.  He  compounded  for  his  First 
Fruits  in  1666.  His  burial  is  thus  recorded  in  the 
Registers :  — 

1702  May  10  Mr.  Thomas  Denton  Buried  in  woolen  who  was  Rector 
of  Crosby  Garrett  39  years  And  Dyed  the  70th  year  of  his  age. 

Bishop  Nicolson,  writing  in  1703,  says :  — 

Both  ye  Quire  and  parsonage  House  were  left  in  a  Slovenly  Condi- 
tion by  the  late  Incumbent  Mr.  Tho.  Denton  .  .  .  Register  Book 
begins  at  1559  and  has  been  neatly  enough  preserv'd  .  .  .  The 
Parsonage-House  owes  its  best  part  (ye  west  End)  to  Mr.  Mauleverer, 
who  was  Mr  Denton's  immediate  predecessour  :  But  so  little  care  has 
been  taken  of  it  since,  yt  this  seems  to  be  now  in  almost  as  wretched 
a    Condition    as  the    rest      They    have    a  good    poor-Stock,    and    no 


1.  House  of  Lords'  Library  :  H.M.C.,  Seventh  Report,  Pt.  i,  p.  107. 

2.  The  Episcopal  Register  at  Carlisle. 

3.  Vide  pp.  443,  753. 

4.  Miscel.,  p.  41. 


Crosby    Garrett 


1099 


Thomas  Denton  had  a  large  family,  the  names  of  the 
following  children  appearing  in  the  list  of  baptisms  :  — 

1664  June  23  Mary. 
1666  Juine  28  Anne. 
1668  Aprill  9  Christopher,  l 
1669-70  March  3  Elizabeth. 

1671  November  16  Julian.    [This  was  the  name  of  his  wife.]    Buried 
Sep.  9.    1682. 

1672  August,  Richard. 

1675  November  18  Margaret. 

1678  May   3  Barbary.     Buried   1687   May   24. 

1680  Jan.  13  John. 

1683  May  13  Julian. 


1.  Christopher  Denton  became  Rector  of  Gosforth  (vide  p.  840). 


III.     RAVENSTONEDALE. 

This  is  a  very  considerable  village  some  four  and  a  half 
miles  south  west  of  Kirkby  Stephen.  It  lies  under  the 
shadow  of  Wild  Boar  Fell  and  Pendragon  Castle.  Not 
far  distant  is  Wharton  Hall,  the  home  of  the  Wharton 
family,  a  fact  which  in  large  measure  accounts  for  the 
particular  cast  of  religious  life  in  this  neighbourhood 
during  the  period  with  which  we  are  concerned.  The 
Church,  dedicated  to  St.  Oswald,  is  of  ancient  origin, 
though  the  present  building  does  not  date  beyond  1744. 
An  interesting  feature  of  the  interior  is  the  pulpit,  a 
"  three  decker,"  in  excellent  condition,  common  enough 
in  Nonconformist  buildings  of  that  period,  but  not  fre- 
quently found  in  Episcopal  Churches.  The  Hegisters 
begin  in  1571.  They  have  been  carefully  transcribed  and 
published  by  the  late  Vicar,  the  Rev.  R.  W.  Metcalfe, 
M.A.,  who  took  much  interest  in  matters  of  this  kind. 
With  reference  to  the  first  volume  Mr.  Metcalfe  in  his 
Introduction  says  :  — 

A  long  narrow  volume,  measuring  15^  by  7^  inches  and  cooitaining 
186  pages  of  parchment  rudely  bound  together,  forms  the  earliest 
"Eegister  Booke  of  ye  Church  of  Rayvinstondall."  Like  most  of  its 
kind  it  has  suffered  from  neglect  and  ill-usage,  which  have  combined 
to  render  portions  almost  illegible.  The  last  pages,  in  particular, 
recording  the  Burials  from  1648  to  1655,  are  so  much  discoloured  from 
the  effects  of  damp  or  some  other  cause  as  to  add  considerably  to  a 
transcriber's  difficulties.  ^ 

The  first  four  pages  are  occupied  with  baptisms  from 
December  1571  to  February  1576-7.  At  the  bottom  of  this 
4th  page  is  the  following :  — 

These  ar  all  the  Xpestneyngs  that  Cowld  be  found  in  the  Church 
of  Rayvinstondall  before  the  xiith  of  Maye  Ano  1577  whare  the  booke 
begineth  heare  in  the  next  leaft'. 

1.  The  Ravenstonedale  Parish  Registers,  vol.  i,  Intro.,  p.  v. 


Ravenstonedale  1 1  c  i 

The  County  Histories  are  quite  useless  for  our  purpose 
here,  Nicolson  and  Burn  dismissing  the  Church  with  a 
sentence,  and  Whellan  incorrectly  dating  the  Eegisters 
from  1570,  whilst  he  supplies  the  most  meagre  list  of 
Incumbents.  The  following  is  the  list,  in  so  far  as  it 
concerns  our  period  :  — 

Robert  Calvert  in  1594. 

This  name  is  suggested  merely  as  a  probability,  the 
evidence  for  it  in  the  Registers  not  being  decisive. 
Among  the  "  Christneings"  for  1594  appears  the  follow- 
ing:— 

Apprell  21  was  bap.  Edmond  sonn  of  mr.  Robartt  Calvertt. 
The  "  Mr."  was  invariably  applied  to  a  Minister,  or  to  a 
person  of  high  social  position,  and  in  these  Registers,  in 
particular,  it  seems  to  have  been  deemed  sufficient  as  a 
description  of  the  Minister.  This  is  the  way  in  which 
Thomas  Dodson,  of  whom  more  presently,  is  repeatedly 
marked   out. 

Richard  Benson,  1619—1622. 

On  the  same  principle  is  this  name  inserted,  the  follow- 
ing entries  relating  to  him  being  extracted  from  the 
Registers  :  — 

Chrestneings  1619-1620  Janewary  9  was  bap  hannay  daw  to  mr. 
Benson. 

1620—1  March  22  was  bap.  Josya  sonn  to  mr.  Benson,  hie  meum 
nomen  est. 

1623  March  28.  was  bap.  Isack  sonn  to  Mr.  Richard  benson. 

Thomas  Dodsox,  1628—1673. 

Thomas  Dodson,  who  always  spells  his  name  without 
the  "  g,"  being  then  "  literatus,"  was  ordained  Deacon 
May  23,  1624,  but  his  first  appearance  in  the  Registers  is 
in  1628;  and  it  will  be  noted  that  he  has  only  the  simple 
"  mr."  just  as  Robert  Calvert  and  Richard  Benson  had. 
The  significance  of  this  will,  perhaps,  be  more  apparent 
if  at  this  point  are  given  the  Dodson  entries  as  they  occur 
in  the  Registers  :  — 

Chrisnings  1628  the  same  day  [Nov.  23]  was  baptized  Grace 
dowghtr  to   Mr  Dodson. 

May  26.  1630  was  baptised  John  sonn  to  mr.  dodson. 


II02  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Decern  24.  1634  was  bap.  Marye  daughter  to  mr.   dodson. 

1658  July  3  was  bap.  Grace  daughter  to  Johnathan  dodson. 

1660-1  Feby.  19  was  bap.  George  sonn  to  Johnathan  dodson. 

1662  Novembr  2  was  bap.  George  sonn  to  Johnathan  dodso. 

1656  July  25.  was  wed  Eobart  Shawe  And  Mary  dodson  at  Kendall 
by  Mr.  Archer. 

1654  [month  illegible  but  between  Aug.  and  Dec.]  16  was  buried 
John  Sonne  to  Mr.  Dodson. 

1661  Sept.  4.  was  buried  G«orge  dodson. 

1668-9  ffebruary  25  was  buried  Jonathan  Dodson. 

1669  Decembr  29.  was  Buryed  Sara  dodson. 

1672-3  Jan.  22  was  buryed  mter  Thomas  Dodson. 

1672  Aprill  18  was  maried  William  Holme  of  Witherslack  and 
Cattrin  Dodson  of  this  parish. 

1676  May  24.  Was  Buried  mrtris  mary  wife  to  Mrter  Thomas 
dodson 

Jonathan  Dodson  was  Thomas  Dodson's  son,  and  in  the 
Records  of  "  ye  four  and  twenty  "  we  get  the  following  :  — 

We  doe  constitute  and  make  Jonathan  Dodson  our  Register  during 
Pleasure,  having  special  Confidence  in  mr.  Thomas  Dodson  his  father 
and  our  minister  that  he  will  see  him  keepe  the  same  in  good  order. 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  Thomas  Dodson 
appears  as  "  ministr  of  Ravenstonedale  " ;  ^  and  his  Aug- 
mentation and  approval  by  the  Cromwellian  Commis- 
sioners are  referred  to  in  the  following  documents  :  — 

Westmerland.     Att  ye  Comittee  for  plundered  Ministers  21  January 

Anno   1645. 
Russendall 

Resolved  that  ye  yearely  rent  of  Twentie  pounds  therteene  shillinges 
and  fower  pence  reserved  to  ye  deane  &  Chapter  of  Carlisle  out  of  ye 
demesne  of  Cowly  Lathes  and  cf  ye  tythes  of  Cowly  and  of  one  & 
Twenty  pounds  one  Shillinge  &  eight  pence  reserved  to  ye  sd  deane 
and  Chapter  out  of  ye  Tythes  and  severall  Lands  of  and  in  ye  towne 
of  Morland  &  is  13li  6s  8d  reserved  unto  ye  sd  deane  and  Chapter 
for  severall  lands  in  Bolton  &  Newby  beinge  in  all  Seaven  and  forty 
pounds  one  Shillinge  and  eight  pence  bee  by  ye  Comtee  of  ye 
Sequestracons  payd  yearely  and  from  tyme  to  tyme  as  ye  sd  sumes 
become  respectively  payable  unto  Thomas  Dodson  Minister  of  Russen- 
dall his  psent  maintenance  being  but  201i  p  ann.  and  that  &c  as  passed 
by  ye  Comtee.  2 

1.  Vide  p.  110. 

2.  Bodl.  MS.,  322. 


Ravenstonedale  1 1 03 

New  Castle 

upon  Tine  July  2.   1651. 

Ravenstonedale.  Ordered  that  ye  yearely  Sume  of  forty  poundes 
shall  bee  allowed  to  Mr.  Thomas  Dodson  Minr  of  Ravenston- 
dale  in  ye  County  of  Westmorland  his  prsent  pfits  being  very  small ; 
And  yt  ye  Trear  of  ye  County  doe  make  paymt  of  ye  same  from  time 
to  time  every  halfe  yeare  accordingly. 

Art.  Hesilrigge  Ralph  Delaune  Wm  ffenwick  Wm  Shafto  Tho. 
Craister  Hen.  Ogle  Tho.  Bonner  Roger  Bateman  Jo.  Ogle  Rich. 
Branthwaite  Ger.  Benson  Jo.  Archer. 

Exd.  Anth.  Parsons.' 

.  Ravenstcmdale.  ffebr  15.  1654. 

Whereas  ye  Comrs  for  propagating  ye  Gospell  in  ye  fower  Northerne 
Counties  of  Northumberland  Cumberland  Westmerland  and  Durham 
by  their  order  of  ye  2d  of  July  1651  Graunted  ye  yearely  sume  of 
forty  poundes  to  Mr.  Thomas  Dodson  Minister  of  Ravenstondale  in 
ye  County  of  Westmland  It  is  Ordered  yt  ye  said  yearely  Sume  of 
forty  poundes  be  &  ye  same  is  hereby  Continued  to  ye  said  Mr.  Dodson 
Minister  of  Ravenstondale  aforesaid  (approved  &c)  for  such  time  as 
he  shall  discharge  ye  duty  of  ye  Minister  of  ye  said  place  or  till 
further  order  of  ye  said  Trustees  ye  same  to  be  accompted  from  ye 
time  of  his  last  receipt.  And  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwaite  Recievr  is 
hereby  appointed  and  Authorized  to  pay  the  same  unto  him  from  time 
to  time  out  of  the  Revenues  within  his  receipt. 

Jo.  Thorowgood  Edw.  Cressett  Edw.  Hopkins  Jo.  Humfrey  Ra 
Hall.  2 

Ravenstondale.  The  Comrs  appointed  by  An  Ordinance  &c  In 
pursuance  of  the  said  Ordr  approve  of  Mr.  Thomas  Dodson  of 
Ravenstondale  in  ye  County  of  Westmerland  to  bee  a  person  qualified 
to  preach  the  Gospell  &c  In  testimony  whereof  they  have  Caused  this 
Approbacon  to  be  entered  and  signed  by  the  Register  thereunto 
appointed. 

Dated  at  Whitehall  ye  23rd  day  of  ffebr.    1654.  3 

The  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Ravenstonedale  had  among 
other  rights  that  of  Probate  of  Wills  and  granting  of 
Letters  of  Administration ;  and  Philip,  Lord  Wharton, 
appointed  as  his  deputy  in  this  matter  the  A'icar  of  the 
Church.  In  connection  with  the  Will  of  Pichard  Fawcet, 
bearing  date  March  5th,  1661,  we  get  the  following:  — 

This  present  Will  and  Testament  of  Richard  ffawcet  was  proved 
and  approved  according  to  the  custome  of  the  Manner  of  Ravenstone- 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.),  1006. 

2.  Ihid.,  972. 

3.  Ihid.,  968. 


1 104  The   Ejected   of  1662 

dale  by  and  before  me  Thomas  Dodson  Clarke,  and  Officiall  to  the 
right  Honourable  Phillipp  Lord  Wharton  and  to  the  sayd  petition 
lawfully  deputed.  Dated  the  twenty-eighth  day  of  march  in  the  yeare 
one  thousand  six  hundred  sixty  and  two. 

Thomas  Dodson. 

From  the  Parish  Book  also  the  following  is  extracted :  — 

Be  it  known  unto  all  men  by  these  presents  that  whereas  William 
Chamberlain  in  his  last  will  and  testament  did  give  his  tenement  unto 
Stephen  Chamberlain  and  bequeathed  out  of  the  same  the  svun  of  sixty 
pounds  towards  the  maintenance  of  the  miaiister,  or  else  so  much 
ground  as  shall  be  thought  convenient  in  lieu  thereof  the  said  Stephen 
Chamberlain  and  Mr.  Thos.  Dodson  minister  of  Ravenstonedale  with 
the  general  consent  of  the  Parish  did  refer  the  same  unto  the 
coaisideration  and  determination  of  us  whose  names  are  underwritten, 
who  have  done  as  foUoweth — Viz — that  Air.  Dodson  during  the  time 
of  his  ministry  in  Ravenstonedale  and  his  lawful  successors  in  the 
said  ministry  during  the  time  of  their  abode  shall  have  or  enjoy  to 
his  or  their  use  a<nd  behalf  three  parcels  of  land  in  haber  [now  howber 
or  Hober]  containing  by  estimation  two  acres  and  half  a  rood  be  it 
more  or  less  and  one  parcel  in  Mufflegill  containing  half  an  acre  be  it 
more  or  less,  and  that  the  said  Thomas  Dodson  shall  pay  the  yearly 
rent  yearly  to  the  said  Lord  of  the  premisses  and  that  he  the  said 
Mr.  Thomas  Dodson  shall  be  admitted  and  his  lawfuU  successors 
tennants  of  the  same  for  their  right  abode  in  the  ministry  of  Raven- 
stonedale but  not  otherwise .  and  that  our  order  shall  be  as  fully 
confirmed  and  established  as  shall  be  lawfully  devised,  advised  or 
required  by  both  or  either  of  the  said  parties  according  to  the  true 
intent  and  meaning  hereof.  In  witness  whereof  we  the  said  Arbi- 
trators have  subscribed  our  names  the  5th  day  of  September  in  the 
year  of  our  Lord  God  1650.  The  rent  for  the  ground  above  named 
is  agreed  by  us  to  be  two  Shillings. 

Richard  Branthwaite  Henry  Finder 

William  ffothergill  James  Parkin 

James  Fawcet  Thomas  Green 

Richard  ffothergill  Richard  ffothergill 

George  ffawoett.  Edward  Adamthwaite. 
Simon  Alderson 

I  do  allow  devise  by  will  so  farr  as  tis  agreable  to  the  custom  of 
the  Mannor  of  Ravenstonedale  at  the  Court  holden  Aprill  the  16th 
1651. 

(here  it  is  presmned  the  parish  had  intended  to  have  got  the  Lord's 
or  his  Steward's  hand  in  confirmation  of  ye  above  written  devise  in 
which  they  appear  to  have  been  disappointed  for  bnything  that 
appears.) 


Ravenstonedale 


1 105 


The  30th  of  Aug.  1664.  We  the  Grand  Jury  being  called  about  one 
rood  of  ground  being  retained  from  the  minister  as  ordered  in  the 
order  within  written,  we  the  Jury  do  confirm  that  order  aind  that 
Stephen  Chamberlain  shall  yeild  possession  to  Mr.  Dodson  for  his 
time  being  and  so  to  him  which  shall  be  minister  hereafter  and  that 
Stephen  Chamberlain  shall  give  possession  to  Mr.  Thos.  Dodson  at 
All  Saints  next  ensuing  and  to  this  order  we  subscribe  our  names  : 

Richard  ffothergill  William  Robinson 

Thomas  Parkin  Simon  Bousfield 

John  Alderson  Philip  Bousfield 

John  ffawcet  William  ffothergill 

Stepheai  Dent  William  Ffawcet 

James  ffawcet  Richard  Robinson.' 

These  dates  have  a  most  suggestive  story  to  tell.  It  is 
generally  assumed  that  Thomas  Dodson  was  ejected  by 
the  Act  of  Uniformity;  but  that  he  subsequently  con- 
formed. Calamy  places  him  in  his  list  of  those  who 
conformed  "  afterwards,"  and  the  late  Bryan  Dale  ^  says  : 

In  Westmorland  there  was  little  need  of  his  [Lord  Wharton's] 
assistance ;  for  most  of  the  ministers  under  the  Protectorate,  like 
Thomas  Dodson  of  Ravenstonedale,  Francis  Higgi.nson,  of  Kirkby 
Stephen  (presented  by  Lord  Wharton  in  1654)'  and  John  Dalton  of 
Shap,  fell  in  with  the  terms  imposed-  by  the  Act  of  Uniformity.^ 

Again  he  writes  :  — 

Unwilling  to  comply  with  the  Act  of  Uniformity,  Dodgson  was 
ejected  from  the  living,  but  under  the  pressure  put  upon  him  by  the 
gentry  of  the  neighbourhood  afterwards  conformed  (1664)  aaid  con- 
tinued at  Ravenstonedale  till   his   death  in  1673. » 

These  statements  are  based  upon  a  passage  in  Palmer's 
Edition  of  Calamy  which  certainly  seems  decisive;  and 
the  passage  is  of  very  considerable  importance  in  other 
respects : — 

The  following  remarks  are  taken  from  an  original  MS.  in  the  ha/nds 
of  a  gentleman  in  the  County  of  Westmoreland,  which  bears  date  1669. 
In  mentioning  that  unhappy  year  1662,  he  says  as  follows  : — "We 
have  in  Westmorland  perhaps  fewer  clergy  who  have  been  deprived  of 

1.  From  MSS.  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Mr.  Metcalfe. 

2.  He  gives  1634  as  the  year  of  Dodson's  Presentation  to  Ravenstone- 
dale, on  what  authority  he  does  not  indicate  ;    but  it  is  an  error. 

3.  A  mistake  by  several  years  (vide  p.  1075). 

4.  The  Good  Lord  Wharton,  p.  85. 

5.  Ihid.,  p.  96. 


iio6  The   Ejected   of  1662 

their  livings  than  most  other  Counties  in  England ;  not  because  they 
favoured  Efiscopacy ;  for  they  did  not ;  but  on  different  motives  they 
have  mostly  conformed.  The  gentry  have  exerted  themselves  to  the 
utmost  in  their  respective  neighbourhoods,  to  prevent  Nonconformity. 
The  most  active  in  this  matter  are  as  follows  :  In  the  East  Ward, 
the  Countess  of  Dorset,  Pembroke  and  Montgomery  who  constantly 
resides  here  being  three  months  at  each  of  her  castles  :  viz.  the  Spring 
at  Brough ;  the  Summer  at  Pendragon ;  the  Autumn  at  Brougham ; 
and  the  Winter  at  Appleby.  She  diffuses  her  charity  where  it  is 
wanted  and  has  great  influence  amongst  the  Clergy.  Also  the  Mus- 
graves  of  Hartley  Castle ;  the  Dents  of  Helbeck  Hall ;  the  Dalstons 
of  Smardall  Hill ;  the  Sandfords  of  Ormside  and  Hougill  Castles  have 
all  endeavoured  to  prevent  Nonconformity.  In  the  West  Ward  the 
following  nobility  ajid  gentry  are  exerting  themselves  in  favour  of 
Episcopacy  :  viz.  Lord  Clifford  at  Ashby ;  the  Nevisons  at  Newby ; 
the  Thwaites  at  Naddle ;  the  Tathams  at  Askam ;  and  the  Flemmings 
at  Crosby.  In  Kendal  Ward  the  Flemmings  at  Rydall;  the  Phillip- 
sons  of  Ambleside ;  the  Stricklands  of  Syzergh  (who  are  papists) ;  the 
Behnghams  of  Levens;  the  Willsons  of  Dalham  Tower  &c.  In 
Lonsdale  Ward  the  Wilsons  of  Casterton ;  the  Mydeltons  of  Middleton 
Hall;  the  Otways  and  the  Brathwaites  are  all  exerting  themselves. 
After  such  united  force,  we  cannot  expect  the  Dissenters  to  be  much 
encouraged.  Conformity  is  not  by  choice  but  by  constraint.  Mr. 
Francis  Higginson  of  Kirkby  Stephen ;  Mr.  John  DdLton  of  Shap ;  Mr. 
Thomas  Dodgson  of  Ravenstonedale  are  all  conformed  and  the 
generality  of  my  acquaintance  think  much  against  their  inclination."  ' 

That  is  exceedingly  strong  testimony,  especially  as  coming 
from  one  who  was  actually  a  contemporary,  and  yet  it  may 
be  seriously  questioned  whether  the  word  "  conformed  " 
can  be  appropriately  applied  to  Thomas  Dodson.  Cer- 
tainly he  does  not  seem  to  have  been  ejected,  and  the 
document  just  cited  does  not  say  that  he  was.  The  dates 
above  given  show  a  continuous  ministry  until  his  death. 
It  should  be  remembered  that  the  benefice  was  the  gift  of 
Lord  Wharton,  who  in  the  early  part  of  the  Civil  War 
was  a  prominent  Parliamentary  leader,  a  devoted  sup- 
porter of  the  Puritans,  and  afterwards  the  patron  of 
Nonconformity  in  these  parts.  There  is  no  evidence 
whatever  of  Dodson's  submission,  and  of  his  subscription  to 
the  thirty  nine  Articles.  His  case  differs  quite  from  that  of 
Francis  Higginson.  It  is  possible  that  in  forms  of  worship 
Thomas  Dodson  made  some  changes  to  meet  the  scruples 
1.  Non.  Mem.,  Preface,  vol.  iii,  pp.   iv,  v. 


Ravenstonedale  1107 

of  some  of  his  parishioners;  but  the  Restoration  and  the 
Uniformity  Act  seem  to  have  made  little  difference  to  him, 
sheltered,  as  he  was,  by  the  powerful  personality  of  Lord 
Wharton.  This  receives  strong  confirmation  in  what 
follows  relating  to  Anthony  Procter,  his  immediate 
successor.     Thomas  Dodson  died  in  Jan.  1672-3. 

Anthony  Procter,  M.A.,  1673 — 1689. 

He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Procter  of  Linton-in-Craven, 
and  went  from  Sedbergh  School  to  Magdalen  College, 
Cambridge,  in  1641,  at  the  age  of  20  years,^  where  he 
graduated  M.A.     In  reference  to  him  Mr.  Metcalfe  says  : 

The  Masham  Regist€r  says  that  in  1651  "  Mr.  Anthony  Prockter  waa 
curate  under  Mr.  Christopher  Lancaster,  who  had  obtruded  himself 
into  the  Living  (to  the  exclusion  of  the  Revd.  Benjamin  Brown,  the 
rightful  Vicar)  July  12.  1649."  In  the  year  following,  Lancaster  left 
Masham  and  Kirkby  Malzeard  and  Procter  "  intruded  under  the  hand 
and  seall  from  Mr.  Brown,  vicar  of  Kirkby  "  with  the  consent  of  the 
"  fower  and  twentye.  '  In  1655  "  Mr.  Prockter  did  leave  Masham  and 
goe  to  the  Vicaridge  of  Well "  an  adjacent  parish.  In  the  Well 
Register  he  is  described  as  a  "  Nonconformist,"  and  is  stated  to  have 
been  "  dispossessed '  in  1662,  when  Wm.  Stead  a  previous  vicar  was 
"restored  by  the  Bartholomew  Act."^ 

Anthony  Procter  appears  as  a  recipient  from  the  Annual 
Tenths  in  Augmentation  of  his  salary  thus: — "Anthony 
Procter  of  Well  (6  months  to  1658  Dec.  25)  £10  0  0."  ^ 
After  his  Ejection  he  remained  in  that  neighbourhood, 
and,  on  the  Declaration  of  Indulgence  in  1672,  he  took  out 
his  License  thus  :  — 

Nov.  20.  Licence  to  Anthony  Procter  Mr.  of  Arts  of  Kirby 
Massard  in  the  co  of  York  presbyterian. 

Eight  months  after  this  he  was  appointed  to  Ravenstone- 
dale by  Lord  Wharton,  as  witness  the  following  :  — 

Know  all  men  by  these  prsents  that  I  Philip  Lord  Wharton  Baron 
of  Wharton  in  the  Co  of  Wstd  do  hereby  constitute  and  appoint 
Anthony  proctar  Clerke  to  be  curate  of  the  Church  of  Ravenstonedale 
in  the  sd  Co  of  Westd  and  to  officiate  there  and  to  Take  and  make 
Probat    of    Wills  and  exercise    all    rights   and    jurisdictions    and   ta 

1.  Sedbergh  School  Reg.,  p.  83. 

2.  Ravenstonedale  Registers,  vol.  iii,  Intro.,  p.  vi. 

3.  Shaw's  Hist.  Eng.  Ch.,  vol.  ii,  p.  599. 


iio8  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Receive  all  profitts  of  the  Curate  or  Curacy  there  belonging  during  my 
pleasure.  Given  undr  hand  and  seal  at  toun  The  24  day  of  June  in 
the  25  yer  of  the  Reigne  of  our  Sovrgn  Lord  Charles  2  by  the  grace  of 
God  of  England  Scotland  ffrance  and  Ireland  King  Defendr  of  the 
faith. 

Anno  domi  1673 
P.  Wharton.  1 

*^  In  a  very  old  book  of  accounts  at  Masham  Churcli," 
continues  Mr.  Metcalfe,  "certain  sums  (6d.,  2s.  and  Is.  3d.) 
are  stated  to  have  been  spent  'in  charges  when  Mr. 
Procter  preach't'  there  in  1673,  1675,  and  1676  respec- 
tively. From  this  Procter  seems  to  have  occasionally 
visited  the  scene  of  his  former  labours  after  he  became 
Minister  at  Eavenstonedale."  ^  In  connection  with 
Richard  Fawcet's  Will,  Anthony  Procter  makes  the  follow- 
ing statement :  — 

Collacone  facta  fideli  vicesimo  sexto  die  mensis  Augusti  Anno  Dom. 
Millimo  sexcentimo  septuagimo  quinto  concordat  Hac  copia  una  cum 
Original!  tunc  remanend.  cum  quodam  Johanne  ffawcet  utpote  hujus 
testatoris  modo  de  newbigin  Examinato  per  me  Anthon  Prockter 
Officialem  presentem  et  Notar  Publicum.  3 

The  Chester  Visitation  Book  states  that  Procter  was 
ordained  Deacon  and  Priest  Dec.  24,  1671,  by  the  Bishop 
of  Chester,  and  that  on  Sept.  19,  1673,  he  obtained  a 
faculty  for  preaching  through  the  whole  province  of  York. 
This  date  would  appear  to  mark  the  time  of  his  conformity 
or  semi-conformity.  Bishop  Nicolson  in  the  following 
passage,  written  in  1703,  refers  to  a  curious  custom  in 
which  Procter  was  the  principal  figure:  — 

In  the  dayes  of  Mr.  A.  Proctour  (who  was  a  great  many  years 
Curate  here  and  is  now  Rector  of  Dean,  in  Cumberland) ,  this  Bell  used 
to  be  rung  in  ye  Conclusion  of  ye  Nicene  Creed;  to  call  in  the 
Dissenters  to  Sermon,  l 

In  1689/90  he  removed  to  Dean  where  further  information 

will  be  found.  ^ 

1.  Machell    MSS.,    vol.    iii,  pp.   305-6   (Dean    and    Chapter    Library, 
<i;arlisle). 

2.  Ravenstonedale  Parish  Registers,  &c.,  vol.  iii,  Intro.,  p.  vi. 

3.  MS.  in  possession  of  Mr.  Metcalfe. 

4.  Miscel.  Accounts,  &c.,  p.  42. 

5.  Vide  p.   767. 


Ravenstonedale  1 1 09 

The  case  of  Anthony  Procter  is  by  no  means  clear  being 
complicated  by  the  presence  of  others  of  that  name.  The 
Episcopal  Register  at  Carlisle  gives  Anthony  Procter 
ordained  Priest  March  16,  1678-9,  and  he  is  described 
as  from  "  Dimelm."  "Another  Anthony  Procter,  A.B.," 
writes  Mr.  Metcalfe,  "  is  mentioned  in  the  Episcopal 
Register  as  having  been  licensed  to  the  Ky.  Stephen  Free 
Grammar  School  29  May,  1691;  ordained  deacon  Feb. 
1691-2,  priest  24  Dec,  1693,  and  licensed  to  Greystoke." 
This  was  doubtless  the  person  of  that  name  whose  mar- 
riage is  referred  to  in  the  following  from  the  Kirkby 
Stephen  Parish  Registers  :  — 

1702  June  4  wedd  Mr.  Anthony  procter  and  Mrs.  Mary  Solly  with 

a  Licence. 

The  following  also  relates  to  a  person  of  this  name  at 
Arkholme  :  — 
Presentment. 

March   12.    1677. 

Archolme  par  Mailing 
Against  Anthony   Procter   Curate  there   not   licensed   He   appeared 
and  showed  his  lie.   obtained  from  the  Bp  3rd  August  last. 
Dismissed  2s  6d.' 

It  has  to  be  admitted  that  the  exact  position  of  Thomas 
Dodson  and  Anthony  Procter  is  not  easily  defined.  The 
evidence  seems  to  show  that  they  were  far  from  being 
Conformists  in  the  ordinary  sense  of  the  word;  and  yet 
they  were  scarcely  Nonconformists  as  usually  understood. 
Probably,  as  in  many  another  case,  under  the  protection  of 
the  Wharton  influence  they  were  left  free  to  act  as  they 
thought  best,  and  eventually  adopted  a  very  modified 
Episcopacy.  This  would  in  part  explain  the  ringing  of 
the  bell  for  Dissenters  to  come  to  the  sermon.  Clearly  an 
attempt  was  made  to  meet  the  needs  of  both  parties  in  the 
Parish,  though  the  attempt  did  not  succeed  sufficiently  to 
prevent  Dissent  from  appearing  and  obtaining  permanent 
foothold  there,  and  that  too  with  the  sanction  of  Lord 
Wharton  himself. 

1.  Presentments    in    Chester    Diocese    (Chester    Registry). 


mo  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Thomas  Huntee,  1691. 

He  was  licensed  Curate  here  on  June  2,  1691,  and 
removed  to  Croglin  August  2  the  same  year,  on  the  death 
of  George  Sanderson.^  A  person  of  this  name  appears  as 
Vicar  of  Ulverston  from  1662  to  1685.  Baines  gives  the 
latter  as  the  year  of  his  death,^  but  there  is  no  entry  of 
his  burial  in  the  Ulverston  Registers.  The  Crosby  Garett 
E,egisters  also  note  the  burial  of  Hannah,  daughter  of 
"Mr.  Thomas  Hunter,'  on  March  16,  1681. 

Arthur  Tempest,  B.A.,  1692. 

He  was  licensed  Curate  May  23,  1692. 

John  Wright,  B.A.,  1693-4. 

He  was  licensed  Curate  February  7,  1693-4. 

John  Dalton,  B.A.,  1697—1705. 

He  was  the  son  of  Henry  Dalton  of  Shap ;  matriculated 
at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  October  10,  1692,  aged  16; 
graduated  B.A.  from  St.  Edmund  Hall,  March  22, 
1696-7;^  was  ordained  Deacon,  December  22,  1695,  and 
licensed  Curate  of  Appleby,  became  Priest,  May  20,  1697, 
being  licensed  May  31  of  that  year  as  Curate  of  Haven- 
stonedale ;  and  in  1705  he  removed  to  Dean,  succeeding 
Anthony  Procter  there.  He  became  Rector  of  Distington 
in  1712.4 

1.  Vide  p.  416. 

2.  Hist,  of  Lane.  [Croston's  Ed.],  vol.  v,  p.  603. 

3.  Al.  Ox. 

4.  Vide  pp.  768,  804. 


IV.     GEEAT  ASBY. 

Great  Asby  is  so  called  to  distinguish  it  from  Little  Asby  an 
adjoining  village,  though  frequently  it  appears  as  Asby  only. 
It  lies  about  midway  between  Appleby  and  Crosby  Garrett, 
somewhat  to  the  west.  All  traces  of  an  ancient  Chapel  at 
Little  Asby,  in  existence  in  the  early  part  of  the  18th 
Century,  have  disappeared.  The  population  is  so  scanty 
that  two  Churches  so  near  to  each  other  are  unnecessary. 
The  Church  at  Great  Asby  is  dedicated  to  St.  Peter;  and 
its  Registers  begin  in  1657.  They  are  in  a  good  state  of 
preservation,  and  easily  read.  They  were  transcribed  and 
published  some  little  time  ago;  but  they  are  not  well 
done,  the  vicious  plan  of  alphabetical  arrangement  having 
been  adopted.     The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents : 

Thomas  Fairfax,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1578—1593. 

He  removed  from  Asby  to  Caldbeck.  Foster  gives 
Anthony  Fairfax  as  his  sixth  son,  who  matriculated 
Queen's  College,  Oxford,  November  21,  1628,  at  the  age  of 
20  years. ^ 

Oswald  Dykes,  1593. 

A  person  of  this  name  was  at  Distington  in  1568. ^ 

Gerard  Hudson,  1607. 

This  is  on  the  authority  of  Foster,  who  says  that  he  was 
"  of  Westmorland,  Cler.  fil.  Queen's  College,  matric.  May 
7,  1602,  aged  18;  rector  of  Asby,  Westmorland,  1607."  ^ 

Lancelot  Dawes,  M.A.,  D.D.,  1617—1653. 

He  was  instituted  February  19,  1617,  on  a  Presentation 
from  the  King.  Born  at  Barton ,  near  Penrith,  he 
matriculated.  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  October  14,  1597, 
at  the  age  of  17  years;  graduated  B.A.  June  30,  1602,  and 
M.A.  June  6,  1605;    and  received  the  St.  Andrew's  .D.D. 

1.  Vide  p.  547 ;   also  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  799. 

3.  Al.    Ox. 


V 


1 1 1 2  The   Ejected   of  1662 

about  1618.^  He  became  Canon  of  Carlisle  in  1618,  and 
in  addition  to  Asby,  beld  the  living  at  Barton.  In  the 
Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  he  is  given  as  "  Ministr 
of  Bartow  [Barton],  and  Parson  of  Asby,  a  pluralist,  and 
Mr.  Thomas  ffawcett,  curate  of  Asby."  ^  It  would  appear 
that  he  resided  at  Barton.  His  death  occurred  in  Feb., 
1653,  and  he  was  buried  under  the  Communion  Table  in 
the  Chancel  of  Barton  Church.  A  sermon  by  him, 
preached  at  St.  Paul's  Cross,  June  25,  1609,  on  "  God's 
Mercies  and  Jerusalem's  Miseries,"  is  in  Queen's  College 
Library.  It  is  dedicated  to  Henry  Robinson,  Bishop  of 
Carlisle.  In  the  Rydal  Hall  Library  also,  are  several 
sermons  preached  by  him  and  printed  in  1652.  His  son, 
Lancelot,  who  also  graduated  M.A.  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  was  buried  near  his  father  May  9,  1655. 

Thomas  Fawcett,  1654  (?)— 1661. 

A  person  of  this  name,  being  "  literatus,"  was  ordained 
Deacon  May  23,  1624.  It  has  already  been  intimated  that 
Thomas  Fawcett  was  acting  as  Curate  here  in  1646  under 
Dr.  Dawes ;  and  it  would  appear  that  on  the  death  of  the 
latter  he  received  Institution  to  the  living.  The  following 
testifies  to  this  fact :  — 

Asby  in  Com. 

Westmerland. 

Mr.    Thomas    ffawcett — Admitted    the    29th    day    of    July    to    ye 

Rectory    of    Great    Asby    of    Westmerland    Upon    a    pres.    exhibited 

the    12th    day   of   June    1657    And    Certificates    from    Tho.    Wilsonn 

Tho.    Dodson    of    Ravenstondale    John    Smith    of    Kerby    Lonsdale 

Hen.    Ashburne    of    Middleton.' 

In  1658  he  compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  :  — 
ffebruary  1858-9. 
Westmerland.        Bound  Thomas  Smith  of  Covent  garden 
R.  Ashby.  Middx.   Taylor,  and  Edmund  Adamson  of 

Dunstans  in  ye  West  Lond.  gent, 
ffor  Thomas  ffawcet  cl. 
In   hand  xxili 

fiirst  Nov  :  1659."  vjs 

1.  Al.  Ox.  and  "The  Flemings  in  Oxford,"  p.  340,  note  1. 

2.  Vide  pp.  110,  1224. 

3.  Lambeth    MSS.    (Plund.    Min.)    998. 

4.  Composition    Books    (Record    Office). 


Great    Asby  1 1 1 3 

It  is  be  regretted  that  more  is  not  known  of  this  man, 
-who  is  not  even  mentioned  in  the  County  Histories.  It 
woiild  seem  that  he  was  replaced  in  1661  by  George 
Tibbold ;  but  how  and  why  is  not  clear.  Nor  is  it  easy  to 
explain  the  following  entries  which  appear  in  the 
Registers :  — 

January  1677-88.  26.  Magrie  wife  of  Mr.  Thorn.  Fawcet  was 
buried. 

1682.    November.     Thom.    ffawcett    Clark   was   buried. 

It  is  quite  possible  that  the  retirement  was  voluntary  on 
account  of  age,  that  he  continued  to  reside  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood, and  that  the  term  "  Clark "  was  retained  by 
him  as  a  Minister.  Over  against  this,  however,  it  needs 
to  be  remembered  that  his  was  a  Commonwealth  appoint- 
ment. 

George  Tibbold,  B.A.,  1661—1694. 

This  person's  name  appears  in  all  sorts  of  forms. 
Tibbol,  Tibboll,  Tibbols,  TibboUs,  Tibball,  Theoballs, 
Theobald,  Thoballs  have  all  been  found.  He  matriculated 
Corpus  Christi  College,  Oxford,  November  22,  1650,  and 
graduated  B.A.  May  5,  1655.^  He  joins  in  the  ordination 
Certificate  for  James  Cave  in  October,  1656,  being  then 
Minister  at  Skelton.^  His  collation  to  Asby  was  on 
October  9th,  1661,^  from  which  it  is  evident  that  he 
conformed  when  the  new  order  of  things  came  about ;  and 
doubtless  it  is  this  person  who  was  ordained  Priest,  March 
16,  1678-9.  He  held  Thursby  also  for  a  few  years. ^  The 
following  entries  relating  to  his  family  appear  in  the 
Registers  :■ — - 

Baptisms. 

1661  February  20  Mary  the  daughter  of  George  Theobold  Cler. 
was  bapt. 

1663  April i  9.  Catherine  ye  daught.  of  Geo.  Theobald  Cler. 
was  bapt. 

1.  Al.   Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  481. 

3.  Institution  Books. 

4.  Vide  p.  545. 


1 1 14  The   Ejected   of  1662 

1664-5  February  7.  Thorn  the  son  of  George  Theoball  Cler.  was 
bapt. 

1666  9ber  8.  Edmond  the  son  of  George  Theobald  Cler.  was 
bapt. 

1670  Nov.    30   Mariana   the   daughter   of   George   Theobald. 

1682  [before  Oct.  but  no  month  given]  Charles  son  of  George 
Theoballs   Cler.    was   Bapt. 

1683  October   19   James   son   of   George   Theoballs   was  bapt. 

1687  May  19  Sarah  daughter  of  George  Theoballs  Cler.  was  bapt.. 
Burials  : 

1668  ^larch  24  Catherine  ye  daughtr  of  George  Theoballs  Cler. 
was   buried. 

1670  Dec.  2.   Miriana  daughtr.  of  George  Thoballs  was  buried. 

1670  Dec.  3.  Anne  ye  wife  of  George  Theoballs  was  Buried. 

1694  April  10  ^Ir.  George  Theobald  Parson  of  Asby. 

Two  other  sons,  who  would  be  born  at  Skelton,  George  and' 
Richard,  became  graduates  of  Queen's  College,  Oxford.  ^ 

Henry  Fleming,  M.A.,  D.D.,  1694—1728. 

He  was  instituted  Sept.  18,  1694,  on  the  Presenta- 
tion of  Greo.  Fletcher,  Bart.,  and  held  the  living  of 
Grasmere  as  well  as  Asby;  but  he  resided  at  the  latter 
place.     His  death  occurred  in  1728.^ 

The  Registers  contain  the  following  account  of  a  very 
curious  benefaction :  — 

The  Revd  Mr.  Simon  Pindar's  Account  to  the  Parishoners  of  Asby  ol 

his  Charitable  Donation  of  6  loaves  &c. 
Gentlemen, 

As  a  proof  of  my  Sincerity  how  willing  and  desirous  I  am  to 
promote  a  publick  charity  I  have  put  into  the  hands  of  John  Bowness 
Sixty  pounds  which  money,  for  some  months  last  past  I  have 
Endeavoured  to  lay  uppon  a  Freehold  Estate  which  Estate  I  wou'd 
desire  to  be  charg'd  with  the  payment  of  two  pounds  twelve  shillings 
yearly  for  a  perpetuity  which  two  pounds  and  twelve  shillings  I 
desire  that  it  may  be  receivd  quarterly  at  four  Equal  Payments  by 
any  one  of  the  Trustees  hereafter  named  and  the  money  to  be 
appropriated  to  discharge  the  Price  of  six  two  penny  Loaves  which  I 
desire  may  be  given  Every  Lord's  Day  in  the  Parish  Church  of  Asby 
to  three  of  the  poorest  widdowers  and  three  of  the  most  indigent 
widows  who  have  a  legal  Settlement  in  the  parish  And  not  otherwise- 

1.  AI.   Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  1069. 


Great    Asby  1115 

and  my  further  desire  is  that  the  Persons  on  whom  these  Loaves  are 
bestowed  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England  and  that  they  do 
frequently  attend  the  worship  and  Service  of  Almighty  God.  And  my 
further  desire  is  that  John  Bownes  of  Asby  be  appointed  a  trustee  of 
rthe  Charity  during  his  natural  life  and  that  the  Rector  of  Asby  the 
Churchwardens  of  Asby  Little  and  the  two  Church  Wardens  of 
Asby  Winderwath  do  act  in  conjunction  with  him  from  the  commence - 
jnent  of  thia  charity  and  after  the  death  of  the  said  John  Bownas  my 
desire  is  that  he  be  succeeded  in  the  same  trust  by  the  Churchwarden 
of  Asby  Cotsforth  and  for  ever  after  that  the  whole  trust  of  the  said 
Charity  to  be  vested  in  the  rector  and  Church  wardens  of  the  Parish 
■of  Asby  for  all  time  being  for  ever  and  any  three  of  them  shall  be 
accepted  as  a  majority  to  fill  a  vacancy  when  a  Loaf  of  bread  is  to  be 
desposed  of 

And  my  further  desire  is  that  Thomas  Wilson  late  of  Goodal-Hill 
John  Wilkinson  &  Agnes  Pindar  be  admitted  as  the  first  present 
objects  of  the  said  Charity  they  being  all  to  my  certain  Knowledge 
stricken  in  age  and  infirm  and  in  narrow  circumstances  (I  suppose)  in 
regard  to  the  common  necessaries  of  Life  the  other  three  (vixfc)  one 
widower  and  two  widows  Brother  Robert  if  he  pleases  may  nominate 
them  and  if  they  have  the  Trustees  approbation  the  same  will  be  very 
satisfactory  to  me  when  a  member  dies  I  wou'd  have  the  Parish  Clerk 
to  have  the  Loaf  that  belonged  to  the  deceased  the  Sunday  following 
the  Death  &  he  to  signifie  to  the  Trustee  that  a  new  member  is  that 
afternoon  to  be  elected  in  the  Room  of  such  a  one  deceased. 

Thus  gentlemen  I  heartily  bid  ye  farewell 

Sincerely   wishing  that  Unity  Peace   and    Concord   may    for    ever 
flourish  and  abound  amongst  ye  which  is  the  Unfeigned  desire  of 
Simon  Pindar. 

This  copy  is  from  the  original  amongst  the  writings  belonging  to 
"the  Parish  now  in  the  Hands  of  John  Bowness  by  R.  Machell  Rector 
July  16.  1761, 

The  above  writings  are  my  possession  at  psent  January  1st.   1768. 
Richd.  Machell. 

The  above  original  Letter  of  Mr.  Pindar '  is  now  in  the  Parish 
Box  at  Asby  Hall  January  1st.   1773. 

1.  Vide  p.  1118. 


y.     GREAT  MTJSGRAYE. 

This  is  a  village  in  the  Eden  valley,  a  few  miles  to  the- 
north  of  Kirkby  Stephen.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St^ 
Theobald ;  and  the  Registers,  which  are  in  a  confused  and 
worn  condition,  begin,  not  in  1559,  as  Bishop  Nicolson 
says,  but  in  1558,  the  following  being  witness :  — 

A  trewe  Booke  of  all  the  wedinges  wthin  the  Parish  of  Musgrave 
since  the  yere  of  or  [our]  Lord  1558. 

Elsewhere  is  the  following  :  — 

A  booke  of  Burialls  made  in  the  yeare  of  our  Lord  1558  newly 
written  the  xxiiij  of  August  1561  ( ?)  by  me  John  — ■ —  cm'at  of 
musgrave. 

The  baptisms  begin  in  1559. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  Incumbents :  — 

Beenaed  Robinson,  B.D.,  1599—1612. 

He  removed  to  Torpenhow  in  the  latter  year.^ 

John  Spencer,  1612—1634. 

He  was  collated  March  11,  1612.  Foster  gives  several 
persons  of  this  name,  in  relation  to  one  of  whom  he  has  the 
following:  "  B.A.  from  Peterhouse,  Cambridge,  1600-1, 
M.A.  1604;  incorporated  9  July,  1605,  perhaps  beneficed  in 
Westmorland."  He  also  names  James  Spencer,  son  of  John 
Spencer  of  Musgrave,  who  matriculated  Magdalen  Coll., 
Oxford,  June  30,  1641,  at  the  age  of  17,  and  graduated 
B.A.  at  Queen's  College. ^  The  Registers  give  the  follow- 
ing:— 

1618  Maie  the  viij.  day  was  John  sonne  of  John  Spencer  and 
Rebecca  his  wife  baptized. 

John  Spencer,  senior,  held  the  living  of  St.  Michael's,. 
Appleby,^  along  with  that  of  Great  Musgrave;    and  his 
burial  entry  in  the  Great  Musgrave  Registers  reads  thus : 
1634  March  the  vij  was  John  Spencer  Eector  of  this  Church  and! 
Vicar   of   St.    Michael's   in   Appelby   buryed. 

1.  Vide  p.  574. 

2.  Al.   Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  1137. 


Great    Musgrave 


1 117 


William  Doddung,  M.A.,  1634—1637. 

He  was  collated  by  Bishop  Potter,  July  3,  1634. 
Probably  he  was  the  son  of  William  Dodding,  M.A., 
B-ector  of  South  Pool,  Devon,  in  1613;  matriculated  at 
Queen's  Coll.,  Oxford,  May  15,  1618,  at  the  age  of  15; 
graduated  B.A.  October  23,  1621,  and  M.A.  July  5,  1624; 
and  became  Canon  of  Carlisle  in  1632.^  He  was  the 
brother  of  Samuel  Dodding,  M.A.,  of  Bootle.^  He  died 
in  1637,  his  burial  entry  in  the  Registers  being  as  follows  : 

1637    The    xvth.    day    of    ]Maij    was    Willyam  doddinyge   Eector    of 
this   Church  buryed. 

John  Yaux,  M.A.,  1637—1670. 

He  was  collated  by  the  same  Bishop,  May  16,  1637.  In 
the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646,  he  is  wrongly  given 
as  Thomas,  and  is  described  as  "  Parson  of  Musgrave,  a 
Noncovenantr  &  disaffected."  ^  This  is  a  case  where  no 
attempt  appears  to  have  been  made  to  disturb  the  occu- 
pant of  a  living,  though  known  to  be  hostile  to  the 
Cromwellian  regime.  Indeed,  in  much  of  this  district  the 
men  were  largely  of  the  same  type,  "  disaffected."  John 
Yaux  held  the  living  until  his  death  in  1670.  The  follow- 
ing entries  in  the  Registers  show  a  continuous  ministry : 
1642-3  February  19  was  Julian  daughter  of  Mr.  Vaux  Eector 
of  this   Church  and  Mary  his  wife  baptized. 

1645  Aprill    was    Mary    daughter    of    Mr.     Vaux    Rector    of    this 
Church    and    Mary    his    wife    baptized. 

1650  December  the  8th  day  was  Isobell  the  daughter  of  Mr.  John 
Vaux  Eector   of   this   Church   and    Mary  his  wife   baptized. 

1653  May  ye  26th  was  Maybell  the  daughter  of  Mr.   John  Vaux 
and  Mary  his  wife  baptized. 

1655  Aprill  the  7th  day  was  Chrestopher  the  sonne  of  Mr.   John 
Vaux    and    Mary   his    wife    baptized. 

1651-2   ffebruarie   the   9th   was  Isobell  the   daughter   of   Mr.   John 
Vaux   Buried. 

1662    June   the    4th    was    Mr.   Thomas  Denton  ■*    and    Julian    Vaux 
married  together. 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  859. 

3.  Vide  p.  111. 

4.  This   was  the  Edenhall   and    Crosby   Garrett   Minister.     Vide  pp. 
443,  1098. 


mi 


The   Ejected    of  1662 


Mr.    John   Vaux    Rector   of    Musgrave   was  chosen  at    Carlile   in 
June  1661,  to  goe  to  Yorke  to  sitt  in  ye  Sinnod's  house. 

1670-1  Januarie  21st   was   Mr.   John  Vaux  Rector  of   Great   Mus- 
grave buryed — Sermon  preached  by  Mr.  Ardrey  the  same  day. 

Thomas  Yaux,  probably  a  relative,  appears  to  have  had 
a  school  at  Great  Musgrave  in  1662. 

John  Ardeey,  1671^ — -1684. 

His  collation  was  on  July  13,  1671,  by  Bishop  Rainbow; 
and  he  compounded  for  his  First  Fruits  in  1672.  The 
Registers  note  his  burial  thus :  — 

1684  October  the  10  (?)  was  Mr.  John  Ardrey  buried. 

He  was  at  Cliburn  in  1657,  Prebendary  of  Carlisle  and 
held  Kirkland  along  with  Great  Musgrave  for  some  time.^ 


Christopher  Thornton,  M.A.,  1684 — 1719/20. 

He  was  collated  October  31,  1684.  A  daughter, 
Elizabeth,  was  buried  November  10,  1687;  and  his  own 
burial  entry  is  thus  given  :  — 

1719-20,  buried  Chrestopher  Thornton  Rector  of  Musgrave  FebyyeS. 

Simon  Pindar,  1720 — 1755. 

He  died  in  the  latter  year.  Probably  this  is  the  person 
who  made  the  bequest  of  loaves  to  the  Parishioners  of 
Asby.2 

1.  Vide  pp.  398,  1243. 

2.  Vide  p.  1114. 


VI.     BEOUGH. 

Usually  this  is  given  as  Brougli-uiider-Stainmore,  a 
•decayed  market  town,  lying  some  five  miles  nortli  east  of 
Kirkby  Stephen,  and  about  two  and  a  half  east  of  Great 
Musgrave.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael;  and 
ihe  Registers,  which  are  in  fair  condition,  are  distinctly 
interesting.     They  begin  in  1556  as  the  following  shows  : 

Brough    under    Steymoore    An    Inventorye    or    Regester    Booke    of 
Burialles   1556   October. 

■Christenings  begin  in  1559  and  marriages  in  1560. 

The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents  :  — 

Lancelot  Shaw,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1568—1594. 

Foster  says  respecting  him :  "  B.A.  from  Queen's  Coll. 
4  July,  1531,  M.A.  22  June,  1534,  fellow,  B.D.  14  March, 
1643-4,  provost  1563-5 ;  vicar  of  Brough-under-Stainmore, 
Westmorland,  and  of  Burnham,  Bucks,  1547,  rector  of 
'Crosby  Garrett,  Westmorland,  1549."  ^     He  died  in  1594, 

U-OGER  Salkeld,  M.A.,  1594 — 1611. 

He  matriculated  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  Xovember 
17,  1581,  aged  22  years ;  graduated  B.A.  June  19,  1583,  was 
Fellow  in  1586,  and  took  his  M.A.  June  15,  1586.2  He 
was  instituted  Jan.  23,  1594/5,  and  died  in  1611.  Roger 
Salkeld's  name  has  not  been  discovered  in  the  Registers, 
l)ut  that  of  Richard  Salkeld  appears  frequently ;  and  John 
.Salkeld  "  Clarke  "  was  buried  Sept.  25,  1649. ^ 

David  Heckstetter,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1611—1623. 

He  was  instituted  August  16,  1611,  and  belonged  to  the 
Heckstetters  of  Keswick.     He  was  educated  at  Queen's 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Ibid. 

3.  Parish  Registers. 


1 1 20  The   Ejected    of    1662 

Coll.,  Oxford,  where  lie  matriculated  June  28,  1594,  at  the 
age  of  20,  graduated  B.A.  January  28,  1596-7,  M.A.  June 
17,  1600,  and  took  his  B.D.  June  3,  1611.  He  was  the 
father  of  Daniel,  subsequently  Rector  of  Bolton,  Meals- 
gate.^  The  following  entries  refer  to  members  of  hi& 
family :  — 

Baptisms. 

1614  September   18.    Daniel   son  of   Mr.   David   Hechstetter. 
1616  Novem.    14.   Davide  son  of   David   Heckster. 
1618  November    12  Timothie    son    of    Maister    David    Heckstetter.^ 
1620-1  Januarij    4    Hanna    doughter    of    David    Hecktetter. 

David  Heckstetter  died  in  1623. 

William  Eichardson,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1623—1664. 

He  was  instituted  December  12,  1623.  Foster  gives  a 
person  of  this  name,  native  of  Westmorland,  who  gradu- 
ated M.A.  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  in  1607,  took  his  B.D 
in  1614,  and  was  licensed  to  preach  February  4,  1618-19.^ 
In  all  probability  it  is  the  person  in  question.  In  Lord 
William  Howard's  "  Household  Books  '  we  have  the 
following  :  — 

Oct.   27.   1634.     To  Mr.  Richardson  Person  of  Brough  towards  the 
mending  the  high  wayes  over  Staynmore  xls.^ 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646,  William 
E-ichardson  is  called  "  a  non  covenantr  &  disaffected,"  * 
and  evidently  he  in  conjunction  with  his  brother  continued 
to  be  troublesome.     Hence  the  following:  — 

Ixxii.  Wm  and  James  Richardson. 
For  Seditious  Words. 
Aug.  13.  1655.  Before  Edward  Briggs  Esq.  Margaret  Eubanke, 
of  Stainmore,  and  Captain  Thomas  Eubanke,  her  husband,  say  that 
on  the  28th  of  February  last,  beinge  with  Wm.  Richardson,  Minister 
of  Brough,  and  James  Richardson,  his  brother,  they  said  that  both 
her  husband  and  she  v,ould  lose  both  life,  lands,  and  goods,  within 
a  little  time  and  all  the  rest  of  the  Parliamentary  party  that  have- 

1.  Vide  p.  567. 

2.  Al.    Ox. 

3.  P.  319. 

4.  Vide  p.  110 


Brough  1 1 2 1 

beene  against  the  Kinge,  the  lawfull  heire  of  this  Kingdome,  unlesse- 
they  would  revolt  within  three  moneths  time.  They  would  be  laid 
lower  than  ever  yet  and  they  deserved  death  and  they  and  such 
like  had   beene   suffered   too   longe.i 

Like  John  Yaiix  of  Musgrave,  however,  "William  Richard- 
son was  not  disturbed  in  his  living.  The  following 
supports  this  view  besides  being  interesting  in  other 
respects : — 

The  XX  day  of  1661  Michael  Powly  ye  day  and  yeare  above 

written   chosen   parish    Clerk   of   Brough    under    Stainmore    by 

ye    Consent    of    ye    minister    there    and    ye    whole    parishioners    not 

opposinge    or    contradictinge yt^   ye    said     Michael    Powly    shall 

ringe   ye   first   bell   att   five   a   clocke   every   morninge   and   ye   great, 

bell  at   eight   of  ye   clocke   every  night   from  till    (?)   St.   

Day   till    Candlemas    next    after    yearly. 

Witnes   our   hands 

Willm    Richardson    vicar 
John    Boousfeilde 
Robert   Rudd 
Willyam  brunskell 
Thomas  Blenkensop 
Chur  :   Wardens. 

He  is  by  his  place  and  office  to  looke  to  ye  safe  keepinge  of  ye- 
two  volumes  of  Mr.  ffox  Martarolidges,  Bishop  Jewells  works  ye 
statute  booke  ye  great  bible  in  folio  and  a  little  box  wth  papers 
in  it  in  a  deske  reserved  for  ye  paresh  use  also  ye  hand  bell  used 

at    Buryalles    and    he    is    also    to    look    after   oyleinge  of   y& 

clockes   and   to   see  yt   ye   Bell  strings  be  kept  in   good    order   and 

fashion   and   ye   same   to   be   repaired   used   shall   require   by 

ye  churchwardens  and  ye  parish  ye  said  Michael  Powly  is  to  have 
his  wages  yearly  payed  by  ye  parishioners  upon  St.  Andrew's  day 
or  wthin  ten  dayes  after.  Also  it  is  agreed  ye  day  and  yeare 
abovesaid  yt  ye  said  Michael  powley  shall  reade  ye  singinge 
psalmes    constantly.  2 

At  the  foot  of  this  document  is  the  signature  of  "  Michael 
powley."  Unfortunately  the  document  is  indecipherable 
in  several  places.  What  became  of  William  Richardson 
is  not  known. 

1.  Depositions  from  York  Castle  (Surtees  Soc,  vol.  xl),  p.  73. 

2.  Parish   Registers. 


1122  The   Ejected    of  1662 

Christopher  Harrison,  M.A.,  1664 — 1695. 

He  matriculated  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  June  14, 1649 ; 
graduated  B.A.  May  15,  1651;  M.A.  February  2,  1653-4; 
became  fellow  in  1654,  and  was  incorporated  at  Cambridge 
in  1658.  He  was  instituted  to  "  Burgh  Subters  Stainmore 
8.  7bris  1664."  ^  The  names  of  several  of  his  children 
appear  in  the  E,egisters.     He  died  in  1695. 

Joseph  Fisher,  M.A.,  1695—1704. 

He  was  the  son  of  Richard  Fisher  of  Whitrig, 
Cumberland,  matriculated  Queen's  College,  Oxford, 
December  4,  1674,  at  the  age  of  19;  graduated  B.A.  1679 
and  M.A.  in  1682.^  He  was  instituted  to  the  vicarage  of 
Brough  May  28,  1695,  on  the  Presentation  of  "  Col. 
Eegina,  Oxon,"  and  according  to  the  Registers  inducted  a 
few  days  afterwards  :  — 
Jun.    6.    '95. 

Mr.   Joseph   Fisher  M.A.   was  inducted   into  ye  vicarage   of   Burgh 

under  Stainmore  by  Will  Nicolson  Archdn  of  Carlile. 

In  ye  psence   of 

The.   Machel  Rector 

of   Kirkby   thore 

Tho  Kobinson 

Jo  Bird 

John  Kidd. 

In  addition  he  became  Rector  of  Great  Salkeld  in  1702, 
and  Archdeacon  of  Carlisle.  "  He  never  seems  to  have 
come  into  residence  at  Great  Salkeld,"  says  Mr.  Loftie, 
*'  but  lived  at  Brough-under-Stainmore,  near  Kirkby 
Stephen,  in  Westmorland.  He  is  said  to  have  been  a 
person  well  skilled  in  Hebrew  and  the  Oriental 
languages."  ^    He  died  in  1704. 

Francis  Thompson,  S.T.B.,  1705—1735. 

He  was  instituted  April  11,  1705,  on  the  same  Presenta- 
tion, and  died  in  1735. 

1.  Al.    Ox. ;   also  the  Episcopal   Reg.    at   Carl. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Great  Salkeld,   &c..  Rev.   A.    G.   Loftie,   M.A.,   p.   124. 


VII.    WARCOP. 


This  village,  in  older  documents  "  Warcup "  and 
"  Warcoppe,"  is  about  two  miles  north  of  Great  Musgrave,, 
and  five  south  east  of  Appleby.  The  Church  is  dedicated 
to  St.  Columba;  and  the  Registers  according  to  Bishop 
Nicolson  begin  in  1597.^  Certainly  they  are  quite  as  old 
as  June  of  that  year;  but  a  couple  of  pages  before  this 
date  are  occupied  with  a  variety  of  matters,  and  1597  does 
not  appear  to  quite  represent  the  beginning.  These  two- 
pages  are  not  very  legible.  The  following  is  a  list  of 
Incumbents :  — 

Nicholas  Deane,  M.A.,  1585—1589. 

In  the  latter  year  he  ceded  for  Bromfield.^ 

Egbert  Robson,  1589 — 1597. 

Probably  a  member  of  a  local  family.  The  Registers 
give  the  following  :  — 

1599  Mali  28.  John  Robson  the  son  of  Mr.  John  Robson  of  Warcop 
baptized. 

Anthony  Jaques,  1597. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  place  this  name  after  Robert  Robson 
and  say  that  the  latter  died  in  1597.  They  add  that 
Anthony  Jaques  remained  at  Warcop  until  his  death  in 
1625.^  There  is,  however,  some  call  for  explanation  here," 
for  at  least  two  names  must  be  inserted  during  this 
period. 

Nath.  Allon,  1607. 

The  Registers  give  the  following :  — 

Mem.  1581 — Ano.  Dn.  1607  Jacobj  Cook  filij  Josephus  Cooke 
baptizatu  fuit  vicessimo  quarto  die  Septembris  Anno  Dni  1581  p.  me 
Nath.  Allon  Minister  ibidem. 

1.  Miscel.  p.  46. 

2.  Vide  p.  638. 

3.  Vol.    i,   p.    601. 


J  1 24  The    Ejected    of   1662 

Evidently  this  name  was  inserted  by  Allon  himself  in 
1607 ;  he  signs  at  the  top  of  the  page  for  the  year  1612. 
He  was  here  in  1614. 

James  Dover,  1622-3. 

Foster  gives  the  following :  "  Dover  James  of  Cumber- 
land pleb.  Queen's  Coll.  matric.  31  Oct.  1606  aged  19, 
'  paup.  schoL'  B.A.  31  Jan.  1610-11 ;  M.A.  6  July  1615."i 
Possibly  this  is  to  be  identified  with  the  James  Dover  of 
Warcop,  who  died  in  the  year  above  given.  His  burial 
■entry  appears  thus  in  the  Registers :  — 

1622-3    Januarij    die    the    xv   day    was   James   Dover    Curate    of 
Warcoppe  buried. 

It  is  quite  possible  that  both  he  and  Allon  served  as 
'Curates  whilst  their  Ticar  resided  elsewhere. 

George  Martin  or  Marton,  B.A.,  1625—1642/3. 

In  the  Episcopal  Register  he  appears  as  George  Mawson 
ordained  Deacon  Dec.  22,  1622,  B.A.  "Cest.  Dio.";  Priest 
rSept.  21,  1623;  and  collated  by  Bishop  Milburn  June  8, 
1624.  A  daughter,  "  Dorathie,"  was  baptized  June  21, 
1629 ;  another,  "  Isbelle,"  on  April  3,  1631 ;  a  son,  George 
October  1,  1632;  and  another  son,  "Wilyam,"  on  Dec.  5, 
1639.     His  own  burial  entry  is  thus  given  :  — 

1642-3  January  30th  was  Mr.  George  Marton  vicar  Buried. 

In  the  Registers  the  name  throughout  is  some  form  of 
"Marton" 

John  Hawton,  1643. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  give  this  as  the  year  of  John 
Hawton's  decease,  but  if  he  was  here  at  all  it  could  only 
Tiave  been  for  a  month  or  two.  Foster  gives  a  John 
Hawton  or  Hauton  of  Westmorland  who  matriculated 
Queen's  Coll.  May  10,  1622,  at  the  age  of  16  years,  gradu- 
ating B.A.  July  3,  1627,  and  M.A.  1630.^ 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Ibid. 


Warcop  1125 

John  Yaux,  M.A.,  1643. 

This  again  is  on  the  authority  of  Xicolson  and  Burn ; 
l)ut  in  this  case  also  he  could  only  have  held  the  living  a 
very  short  time.  ^ 

Edward  Mawson  or  Mowson,  M.A.,  1643 — 1663  (?). 

Foster  gives  the  name  of  Edward  Mowson  son  of  Robert 
of  Whitwell,  Westmorland,  pleb.  who  matriculated  at 
Q/Ueen's  Coll.  Xov.  9, 1632,  aged  17.'  He  supplies  no  further 
information  respecting  him.  The  Registers  say  that 
Edward  Mawson  "  Cleark  &  Yicar  of  Workehop  read 
Articles  &c.  Nov.  1,  1643."  The  Westmorland  Certificate 
for  1646  ^  merely  states  that  he  was  "  Yicar  of  Warcop 
p[arish]."  The  following  marriage  notice  appears  in  the 
Registers :  — 

1648  Julie    17th  were    Edward    Mowson    viccar  and    Jane  Dows'jn 
uiaryed. 

A  daughter,  Phillis,  was  baptized  .June  20,  1649,  Robert, 
a  son,  on  September  23,  1651,  and  Jane,  a  daughter,  on 
October  1,  1656.  There  is  no  reason  to  think  that  the 
political  and  religious  principles  of  Edward  Mawson 
differed  much  from  those  of  his  neighbours  at  Brough  and 
Great  Musgrave ;  and  his  ministry  appears  to  have 
continued  until  1663  when  his  successor  was  chosen. 

Charles  Crow,  1663—1683. 

He  was  instituted  August  26,  '63,  "  per  cessionem  of 
Ed.  Mawson."  He  was  a  native  of  the  Isle  of  Man,  and 
in  the  Warcop  Registers  he  gives  a  full  list  of  his  children, 
together  with  the  following  respecting  himself  : 

Charles  Crow  now   1670  vicar  who  was  bapt.   the  28th  of  June  in 

the  K.  Christ.  Leyzare  ( ?)  in  the  Isle  of  man  1630. 

Several  of  his  children  were  born  at  "  Hauxhead  hall," 
Lancashire,  where  he  held  the  living  from  about  1653  to 
1656.  It  would  appear  that  he  went  thence  to  Castletown, 
Isle  of  Man,  where  a  daughter,  Dorothy,  was  born  in  1659, 
and  a  son,  Nathaniel,  in  September,  1662.     This  son  subse- 

1.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  601. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  111. 


1 1 26  The   Ejected   of  1662 

quently  graduated  B.A.  at  Queen's  College  and  was  Rector 
of  Stoke  Climsland  in  Cornwall  in  1692.^  Another  son, 
Charles,  who  matriculated  at  Queen's  College  June  8, 1671, 
at  the  age  of  16  years,  would  be  born  at  Hawkshead.  He 
became  Bishop  of  Cloyne  in  1702.^  The  Registers  say  that 
on  Sept,  6,  1663,  Charles  Crow  "  Gierke  Vic.  of  Warcop 
read  the  39  Articles  on  the  day  above  given."  In  1674 
he  sent  the  following  letter  to  Sir  Joseph  Williamson, 
urging  him  to  use  his  influence  to  secure  for  him  the 
living  of  Winston  in  Durham  :  — 
Honoured  Sr. 

It  was  a  happines  to  me  that  I  had  the  honour  of  yours  (tho  short 
acquaintance)  and  have  the  Neighbourhood  of  your  good  Mother  (my 
Dear  Freind)  the  Kindnes  of  many  of  your  loveing  Freinds,  and 
Perticularly  might  have  the  help  of  Mr  Christian's  letter,  but  the 
time  is  short,  this  gives  me  (and  not  otherwise)  this  Confidence.  Ther 
is  a  Vacancy  of  Winston  in  Bppwick  by  the  very  late  death  of  Mr. 
Cudbert  Morland  Incumbent  and  the  Donation  in  the  L.  Bpp  of 
Durham  (in  whom  I  am  assured)  you  have  great  &  PowerfuU  interrest. 
I  humbly  beg  it  may  Please  you,  to  Promote  me  a  Petitionr  to  his' 
Ldp.  the  Benefit  is  rendered  to  me  near  a  hundred  Pound,  which 
would  be  a  great  relief  to  me  and  Family  :  My  distance  and  this 
Sudden  hast  intrudes  me  upon  your  favour,  with  my  poor  single 
addresses,  tho  my  Ld  Buckingham  (if  I  had  time)  whose  Chaplain 
I  am  would  recomend  me  to  you,  there  are  some  Competitors,  but  none 
Considered  equall  to  Countervayle  your  Interrest,  for  if  you  Please  to 
appeare  or  move  for  it,  it  will  be  easily  obtained.  Dear  Sr.  be  freind 
me  now  in  this  good  act,  which  will  intaile — Perpetuall  Gratitude, 
wth  the  dayly  Prayers,  &  Service  of  him,  who  is  ambitious  to  manifest 
himself. 

Good   Sr 
Warcopp  Near  Stainmore  Your  obedient  humble  Servant 

Feb.  22nd  (74).  CHARLES  CROW. 

This  Poast  I  Presume  is  the  First. 
I  have  entrusted  a  freind  to  wayt 
&  receive  yr  answer  wch 
I  pray  grant  me. 

For    the    honourable   Sr  Joseph    WilliamsonJ 
at  the   Chamber  in   White   Hall   one   of  hi« 
Majties  most   honourable   Servants  of  State. ^ 

humbly  prsent 
London  These. 

1.  Al.  Ox.  hast' 

2.  Ibid. 

3.  S.  P.  Dom.  Car.  ii,  368,  No.  106. 


"Warcop  1 1 2  7 

Nothing  appears  to  liave  come  of  the  appeal,  and  he 
remained  at  Warcop  until  his  death.  This  took  place  in 
1683,  and  his  burial  entry  reads  thus  :  — 

1683    August    The    12    day    was    Charles    Crow    Buried    Vickar    of 
Warcopp. 

EiCHARD  Ward,  M.A.,  1684—1714. 

He  was  the  son  of  Edmund  Ward  of  Firbank,  near 
Kirkby  Lonsdale ;  received  his  early  education  at  Sedbergh 
Grammar  School;  and  went  thence  to  St.  John's  College, 
Cambridge,  in  1676,  at  the  age  of  18  years.  His  son, 
Matthias,  subsequently  held  the  Warcop  living  near  50 
years. ^  Richard  Ward  died  in  1714  as  witness  the 
!p,egisters  :  — 

1714  Sept  5.  was  Mr.  Eichard  Ward  vicar  of  Warcopp  buried. 

A  person  of  this  name  was  ordained  Priest  March  17, 
1668-9,  and  is  given  as  from  "  Dunelm."^  He  may  have 
been  the  Curate  of  Greystoke  in  1686.^ 

1.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  99. 

2.  Episcopal   Register. 

3.  Vide  p.  477. 


W 


IV.    THE  APPLEBY  GROUP. 

I.     APPLEBY. 

(a)  St.  Lawrence. 

Appleby,  the  County  town  of  Westmorland,  has  a  popula- 
tion of  not  more  than  8,000.  To  day  resposeful  enough,  in 
the  period  with  which  we  are  concerned,  it  was  often  the 
centre  of  strife.  During  the  Civil  War  it  played  a  very 
important  part,  and  those  who  suffered  from  the  repressive 
legislation  which  followed  upon  the  Act  of  Uniformity, 
were  frequently  sent  for  imprisonment  to  its  gaol.  The 
Church,  dedicated  to  St.  Lawrence,  is  a  principal  object 
in  the  town,  and  its  history  goes  back  to  very  ancient 
times.  Unfortunately  its  earlier  Registers  have  disap- 
peared, the  oldest  known,  beginning  with  January,  1694. 
The  following  is  a  list  of  Incumbents  :  — 

Christopher  Walker,  1582 — 1623. 

He  was  instituted  on  a  Presentation  from  Richard 
Dudley  of  Yanwath.  Doubtless  this  is  the  person  who 
along  with  Richard  Burton  and  Lancelot  Dawes  on  Feby. 
13,  1619/20,  answered  John  Dudley's  question  in  the 
affirmative  as  to  "  whether  a  man  may  lawfully  marry 
the  cousin  german  of  his  deceased  wife.^  He  held  the 
Dufton  living  in  Plurality  with  Appleby  for  some  tirae.^ 

William  Crakenthorpe,  B.A.,  1624 — 1628. 

He  was  instituted  March  8,  1623/4,  on  a  Presentation 
by  Francis  White,  S.T.D.,  Dean  of  Carlisle;  and  is  given 
by  Foster  as  Crakanthropp.  Respecting  him  he  says:  — 
"Of  Westmorland,  gent.  Queen's  Coll.  matric.  3  May  1605, 
aged  19;  B.A.  7  July  1613,  vicar  of  Appleby  St.  Lawrence 

1.  Fleming  MSS.,  H.  M.  C.  12th  Report,  Appendix  Pt.  vii,  p.  16. 

2.  Vide  p.  1153. 


1 1 30  The    Ejected    of   1662 

1624,  rector  of  Bootle,  Cumberland,  1628,  and  of  Broug- 
ham, Westmorland,  1629."  1 

John  Scott,  M.A.,  1628—1636. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon,  Sept.  20,  1618;  Priest,  Feb.  1, 
1618-9 ;  and  is  given  as  of  Chester.  He  was  instituted 
June  21,  1628,  on  a  Presentation  by  the  Dean  and  Chapter 
of  Carlisle.  Foster  gives  the  following,  which  cannot  be 
quite  accurate:  "  Siibscribed  3  Dec.  1613;  B.A.  from 
Queen's  Coll.  8  July  1614,  M.A.  3  July  1618;  vicar  of  St. 
Lawrence  in  Appleby,  "Westmorland  1623,"  ^ 

Edward  Guy,  M.A.,  1636—1646. 

He  was  instituted  November  21,  1636,  on  the  same 
Presentation.  The  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646 
calls  him  "  minister  of  Appleby,  a  non-covenanter."  ^ 
Foster  refers  to  him  in  the  following  terms :  "  Son  of 
Edward  of  Appleby,  Westmorland,  pleb.  Queen's  Coll. 
matric.  30  April  1624,  aged  15;  M.A.  25  June  1634,  vicar 
of  St.  Lawrence,  Appleby  1636."  *  Mr.  Edmund  Guy, 
probably  a  relative,  is  given  as  one  of  the  Elders  in  the 
Westmorland  Certificate.  Edward  Guy  the  Vicar  died  in 
1646. 

It  was  about  this  time  that  provision  was  made  for 
"  increase "  of  the  ministerial  "  maintenance "  as  the 
following  indicates  :  — 

Westmland. 

Att  the  Comitee  for  Plundered  Ministers  Aug.  5th 
Anno  Dni  1646. 
By  vertue  of  an  Order  of  both  Houses  of  Parliament  of  the  second 
May  last  It  is  ordered  that  the  yearely  Rent  of  Two  pounds  Thir- 
teene  Shillings  foure  pence  reserved  to  the  Deane  and  Chapter  of 
Carlile  out  of  the  Parish  of  Crakenthorpe  and  one  pound  sixe 
shillings  eight  pence  to  them  reserved  out  of  the  Parish  of  Hilton 
and  one  pound  sixe  shillings  eight  pence  to  them  reserved  put  of 
the  Parish  of  Merton  and  foure  pounds  sixteene  shillings  eight 
pence    to    them    reserved    out    of    the    parish    of    Bongate    and    sir 

1.  Al.  Ox.  :  also  under  Bootle,  pp.  859,  1246. 

2.  AI.   Ox. 

3.  Vide  p.  112. 

4.  Al.  Ox. 


Appleby 


ii^i 


shillings  eight  pence  to  them  reserved  out  of  the  Parish  of  Langton 
and  one  pound  sixe  shillings  eight  pence  to  them  reserved  out  cf 
the  Parish  of  Rutter  and  Tenn  shillings  to  them  reserved  out  of 
the  Ladie  Boners  Tithes  and  three  pounds  sixe  shillings  eight  pence 
to  them  reserved  out  of  ye  Parish  of  Appleby  and  one  pound  tenne 
shillings  eight  pence  to  them  reserved  out  of  the  pish  of  Dribecke 
being  all  in  ye  County  of  Westmorland,  and  doe  amount  in  the 
whole  to  Seaventeene  pounds  and  foure  shillings;  And  also  the 
farther  yearely  sume  of  Twentie  pounds  out  of  the  Tithes  and 
profitts  of  the  Impropriate  Rectory  of  Appleby  aforesaid  which  are 
sequestred  from  the  Earle  of  porke,  bee  allowed  and  paid  to  and 
for  increase  of  the  Maintenance  of  the  Minister  of  the  pish  Church 
■of  Appleby  aforesaid  the  psent  Maintenance  belonging  to  the 
said  Church  being  but  50li  p  Ann,  and  the  Towne  of  Appleby  is  the 
Shire  Towne  of  the  said  Countie 

And  the  Sequestrators  of  the  pmisses  are  required  to  allowe  &  pay 
the    same    accordingly   at    such    times    and    seasons    of    ye    yeare   as 
the  same  shall   grow  due  and  payable 
vera   copia.    Exd   p.  • 

Johem  Philpes  Miles  Corbett/ 

Anthony  Shaw,  B.A.,  1647. 

In  this  year  tlie  Kirkby  Stephen  people  petitioned  for 
him  to  be  appointed  to  the  living  there,  and  reference  is 
made  to  his  work  at  Southwark.^  Foster  says  of  him  :  — 
"  S  '  E-andolphi  '  of  E,avenstonedale,  Westmorland,  pleb. 
Queen's  Coll.  matric.  10  Oct.  1634,  aged  20,  B.A.  4  July 
1639;  Yicar  of  Appleby  St.  Lawrence,  Westmorland, 
1647.  ^  His  appointment  to  Appleby  is  given  in  the 
following :  — 

Lawrence  in 

Appleby  Maij.   28.    1647. 

Whereas  the  viccarage  of  the  pish  Church  of  St.  Lawrence  in 
Appleby  in  the  Countie  of  Westmerland  becoming  void  by  ye  death 
of  the  former  Incumbent  the  sd  pish  hath  been  destitute  of  a 
Minister  to  officiate  there  for  the  space  of  one  whole  year  now  last 
past.     It  is  therefore  ordered  that  Anthony  Shaw  a  godlie  &  ortho- 


1.  S.  P.  Dom.  Inter.  F.   1  (Record  Office),  fol.  185. 

2.  Vide  p.  1071. 

3.  Al.  Ox.  Careful  search  through  the  Ravenstonedale  Registers 
has  failed  to  yield  "Anthony  son  of  Randolphi,"  but  in  "August  1612 
was  bap.   Anthony  Sonn  to  Rawff  Shaw." 


1 132  The   Ejected   of  1662 

dox  divine  doe  from  henceforth  officiate  the  cure  of  the  sd  church 
there  as  viccar   and  preach  diligentlie  to  the   parishioners  there.* 

St.    Lawrence   in  Maii  28.   1647. 

Appleby.  Referred    Anthony    Shaw    to   the    Assembly    for 

This  was  ye  same  the    cure    of     St.     Lawrence    in     Appleby     Com. 

day  ordered  to      '  Westmland.^ 

ye   next    Classis 

in'  Lancashire. 

St.   Lawrence   in  Appleby.  Maii  28.    1647. 

It  is  ordered  that  Anthony  Shaw,  Minister  of  ye  word  bee  referred 
to  the  next  Classical  presbeterie  in  the  Countie  of  Lancaster  whO' 
are  desired  to  examine  the  fitnes  of  the  sd  Mr.  Shawe  to  officiate 
the  cure  of  the  Church  of  St.  Lawrence  in  Appleby  in  the  Countie 
of  Westmorland  and  to  Certifie  the  same  and  what  triall  they  have 
of    his    guifts    and    abilities    pticularlie.^ 

Applebie   St.   Lawrence  [1649] 

The  present  Incixmbent  there  is  Mr.  Anthonie  Shaw  a  preaching 
Minister  and  well  approued  off  by  his  parishioners.'' 

Among  the  orders  made  by  the  Countess  of  Pembroke 
"  to  be  observ'd  in  the  Aims-House  in  Appleby,"  "  Signed 
and  Sealed  by  her  Honour  ye  Sixteenth  day  of  May,  in 
the  year  One  thousand  six  hundred  fifty  and  three,"  is  one 
that  requires  that  "  Prayers  may  be  duely  said  every 
morning  about  eight  or  nine  a  Clock,  in  the  Chappie  of  the 
said  Almshouse  by  Master  Anthonie  Shaw  now  vicar  of 
Appleby,  or  who  shall  succeed  him  there."  5  It  would 
appear  that  Anthony  Shaw  died  shortly  after  this. 

Ambrose  Eowland,  1656—1660  (?). 

He  was  already  at  Bongate  and  the  union  of  the  two 
Parishes  under  his  ministry  is  referred  to  in  the- 
following :  — 

Bongate  and 

Appleby.  June  10.   1656. 

Whereas  the  Cure  of  the  parish  Church  of  Apleby  in  the  County 

1.  Add.   MSS.   Brit.   Mus.   15671. 

2.  Ibid. 

3.  Ibid. 

4.  Lambeth  MSS.  Survey,  vol.  ii. 

5.  Nicolson's  Miscel.,  p.  37;  also  Trans.  (N.S.),  vol.  ix,  p.  192. 


Appleby  1133 

of  Westmorland  is  at  psent  destitute  of  a  Minister  and  the  care  of 
the  said  Church  is  in  the  provision  of  these  Trustees  and  whereas 
the  parish  of  Bongate  is  neare  adjoyning  to  the  said  parish  of 
Appleby  and  may  (as  these  Trustees  are  well  informed)  with  Con- 
venience be  united  Thereunto  and  care  is  now  taken  for  a  due 
inquiry  thereof  by  Comission  undr  the  great  Scale  of  England 
to  the  end  that  the  Inhabitants  of  the  said  parishes  may  not  in 
the  meane  tyme  be  destitute  of  the  word  It  is  ordered  that  Mr. 
Ambrose  Rowland  Minister  of  Bongate  in  the  sayd  County  (approved 
according  to  the  ordinance  for  Approbacon  of  publique  preachers)  doe 
preache  dilligently  instruct  the  parishers.  of  both  the  said  parishes 
and  have  the  Liberty  of  the  pish  Church  aforesd  for  that  purpose 
as  well  as  of  the  said  pish  Church  of  Bongate  aforesd  and  have  and 
enjoy  ye  pfitts  of  ye  viccarage  thereof. 

Jo.    Thorowgood,    Jo.    Humfrey,    Edw.    Cressett,    Ri.    Sydenham, 
Rich.    Yong.^ 

To  the  Commissioners  for  approbacon  of  publique  preachers  and  all 
others  whom  it  may  concerne  We  William  Steele  Lord  Chancelor  of 
Ireland  Sr  John  Torowgood  of  Kensington  Kt.  George  Cowper  Richard 
Yong  John  Pococke  Ralph  Hall  Richard  Sydenham  John  Humphrey  and 
Edward  Cressett  Esqrs.  Trustees  by  Severall  Acts  of  Parliament  for 
maintenance  of  Ministers  And  by  an  Ordinance  of  his  Highnesse  the 
Lord  Protector  and  the  Councell  Intituled  an  Ordinance  for  the  better 
Maintenance  and  encouragement  of  preaching  Ministers  and  for  uniting 
of  parishes  the  true  and  undoubted  Patrons  of  the  Vicarage  of  the 
Church  of  Appleby  in  the  Countie  of  Westmorland  now  become  void 
by  the  death  of  the  last  Incumbent  or  by  any  other  wayes  howsoever 
Have  nominated  and  presented  and  doe  hereby  nominate  present  and 
appoint  Ambrose  Rowland — Minister  of  the  word  to  the  sayd  Vicarage 
and  Church  prayeing  that  the  sayd  Mr.  Rowland  may  be  admitted  to 
and  settled  in  the  sayd  viccaridge  and  Church  and  vested  with  all  the 
rights,  members  and  appurtenances  thereof  which  we  doe  hereby 
conferre  upon  him  And  that  it  would  please  you  to  doe  and  performe 
all  other  things  requisite  and  necessary  to  be  done  in  the  premises  In 
witnes  whereof  the  parties  above  named  have  to  these  present  Inden- 
tures interchangeably  sett  their  hands  and  Scales  the  first  day  of  July 
In  the  yeare  According  unto  the  Computation  used  in  England  one 
thousand  Six  hundred  fiftie  and  Seaven 

John  Thorowgood 
Ri.  Sydenham 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   (Plund.   Min.)  374. 


1 1 34  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Richard  Yong 

Jo.  Pococke 

John  Humfrey. 

[Endorsed  on  back]  : — Mr.  Rowland 

July  9th  1657 

Appleby  Com 

Westmorland 

Octr  16th   1657.' 
Appleby  in  ye 
County  of  Westmrland. 

Ambrose  Rowland  Clerke — Admitted  the  16th.  day  of  Oct.  1657  to 
Vic.  of  Appleby  in  ye  County  of  Westmrland  Upon  a  pres.  exhibited 
the  same  day  from  ye  Trustees  for  Maintenance  of  Minrs  the  patrons 
And  Certificates  from  Jo  Smith  of  Kerby  Lonsdale  Geo  ffothergill 
of  Orton  ffrancis  Higginson  of  Kirkby  Stephen  Tho  Dodson 
Ravenstondaile  Tho  Burton  Robt  Branthwait.^ 

By  deed  bearing  date  February  2,  1656,  the  Countess  of 
Pembroke  conveyed  an  estate  at  Temple  Sowerby  to  "  Sir 
John  Lowther  and  Sir  Thomas  Sandford  baronets,  E-obert 
Hilton,  and  Lancelot  Machel  Esquires,  Robert  Branth- 
waite  esquire  Mayor  of  Appleby  John  Thwait^s,  John 
Thwaites  the  younger,  John  Smith,  Thomas  Yare,  Edmund 
Guy,  John  Lowson  and  Thomas  Rowlandson,  Aldermen, 
the  reverend  Ambrose  Rowland  vicar  of  Appleby  and  the 
vicar  of  Appleby  for  the  time  being."  The  rents  and 
profits  of  this  estate,  which  was  then  let  at  £6  per  year 
were  to  be  employed  "for  the  repairing  and  decent  keeping 
the  tomb  in  the  quire  of  the  Church  at  Appleby  where  her 
said  mother  lies  interred,  and  one  other  tomb  which  she 
the  said  Countess  was  then  preparing  to  be  set  up  for 
herself;  and  for  the  repair  of  the  grammar  school  house 
and  the  moot  hall  or  court  house,  both  in  and  belonging 
to  Appleby  aforesaid;  and  likewise  for  the  repair  of 
Appleby  Bridge."  ^  What  became  of  Ambrose  Rowland 
is  not  clear;  but  he  was  gone  before  1661. 

James  BrcHA?fA>%  M.A.,  1661—1680. 

He  was  instituted  September  10,  1661 ;  was  the  son  of 
George  Buchanan,  the  Sequestered  Yicar  of  Kirkby  Lons- 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  945. 

2.  Ihid.,  998. 

3.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  327. 


Appleby  1135 

dale;  and  obtained  his  early  education  at  Sedbergh 
Grammar  School.  He  passed  thence  to  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  where  he  matriculated  14  June  1649 ;  graduated 
B.A.  November  28,  1651 ;  was  incorporated  at  Cambridge 
1655;  and  became  M.A.  from  Sidney  Sussex  College  the 
same  year.  He  was  admitted  to  St.  John's  College,  Cam- 
bridge, April  2,  1657,  to  qualify  for  the  Head  Mastership 
of  Sedbergh  School.  This  appointment  he  received,  and  he 
held  it  from  1657  to  1662.^  In  her  Accounts  for  October 
8,  1673,  the  Countess  of  Pembroke  enters  £1 — 0 — 0  paid  to 
James  Buchanan  "  when  he  preached  a  good  Sermon  to  me 
and  my  family  in  my  Chamber  att  this  Appleby  Castle  " ; 
and  another  £1 — 0 — 0  "  when  he  administered  the  Blessed 
Sacramt  of  Bread  and  Wine  to  me."  ^  He  became  in 
addition  E-ector  of  Dufton  in  1675,  dying  there  in  March 
1680.  He  married  Emma  Burton,  June  29,  1658,  and  had 
three  sons  and  one  daughter.  One  of  the  sons,  Charles, 
«ntered  St.  John's  College,  Cambridge,  in  1678,  at  the  age 
of  17  years. 

Bishop  Nicolson,  under  date  March  8,  1708/9,  refers  to 
■"  visits  from  Young  Buchanan  wth  Mrs.  Nicol's  money 
and  begging  for  his  Father  " ;  and  the  day  following  he 
says  :  "  Mr.  Ch.  Buchanan,  begging  for  himself."  ^ 

Michael  Hodgson,  B.A.,  1680—1681. 

He  was  ordained  Priest  September  25,  1670,  and  insti- 
tuted April  6,  1680.*  Foster  says:  "  S.  of  Mich,  of 
Brough-under-Stainton, Westmorland,  pp.  Queen's  College, 
matric.  Oct.  30,  1663,  aged  17;  B.A.  1667,  Vicar  of 
Thursby,  Cumberland,  1675,  of  Morland,  Westmorland, 
1679,  and  of  St.  Lawrence,  Appleby,  Westmorland,  1680."^ 

Oabriel  Smallw^ood,  M.A.,  1681 — 1698. 

He  was  of  St.  Peter's  College,  Cambridge,  graduating 
B.A.  in  1671;  M.A.  in  1678;  and  was  instituted  October  25, 

1.  Foster's  Al.  Ox.  and  Sedbergh  School  Register,  pp.  44,  79,  97. 
Poster  incorrectly  places  him  at  Bongate,   Appleby. 

2.  Trans.   (N.S.)   vol.  v,  p.   196. 

3.  Ibid.,  vol.  iv,  pp.  45,  46.     Young  Buchanan  would  be  Charles's  son. 

4.  Institution  Books. 

5.  Al.  Ox. ;  vide  also  pp.  397,  544,  1184. 


L 


1 1 36  The   Ejected   of  1662 

1681  on  a  Presentation  from  the  Dean  and  Chapter.  He 
was  previously  Curate  of  Wetheral  for  some  time.^  A 
tablet  in  the  Church  states  that  he  died  March  7th,  1698, 
aged  48  years;  and  the  Registers  say  that  he  was  buried 
on  the  16th. 

James  Lamb,  M.A.,  1698—1720. 

He  was  instituted  March  23,  1698,  on  the  same  Presenta- 
tion. He  was  previously  at  Bewcastle  and  for  some  time 
held  the  Carlisle  Lectureship. ^ 

(6)    Bongate  or  St.  Michael's. 

This  Parish  lies  about  a  mile  to  the  south  of  the  town, 
and  its  Church,  a  very  ancient  foundation,  which  gives 
the  name  to  the  Parish  in  which  it  stands,  has  for  its 
companion  in  the  beauty  of  its  situation,  Appleby  Castle. 
It  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael ;  and  the  Registers  begin  in 
1582.  They  consist  of  long  slips  of  parchment  written  on 
both  sides,  many  of  the  earlier  entries  being  quite  illegible, 
and,  as  usual  with  the  writing  of  that  period,  much  of  it  is 
exceedingly  minute.     The  following  appears  in  them :  — 

The  Eegister  Booke  of  all  Christenninges  Weddinges  and  Burial  Is 
within  the  parish  of  Sainte  Mychaills  in  Appleby  from  the  xvth  Day 
of   December   1582. 

The  list  of  Incumbents  is  as  follows  :  — 

Thomas  Fairfax,  M.A.,  B.D.,  1579—1582. 

He  was  collated  by  Bishop  Meye  and  resigned  in  the 
latter  year.  He  lield  livings  also  at  Great  Asby,  Lowther 
and  Caldbeck.^ 

William  Porter,  M.A.,  1583—1611. 

He  graduated  B.A.  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford,  Dec.  18, 
1579,  and  M.A.  June  30,  1582.^  The  Registers  give  the 
following  which  possibly  refers  to  his  son  :  — 

Christenninge   1598   Mar.    20.   Robert   sonne   of   Willm   Porter. 

1.  Vide  p.  214. 

2.  Vide  pp.  184,  294.  < 

3.  Vide  pp.  547,  lllL  1234. 

4.  Al.  Ox. 


Bongate  ^^Z7 

John  Teasdale,  M.A.,  1611 — 1613. 

He  was  instituted  January  31,  1611-12.  There  is  no 
reference  to  John  Teasdale  in  the  Registers,  but  "William 
and  Thomas  Teasdale  occur,  from  which  it  would  appear 
that  the  Teasdales  were  a  local  family.  Foster  gives  the 
following  :  "  Teasdell  John,  of  Westmorland  pleb.  Queen's 
Coll.  matric.  12  March  1596-7,  aged  19,  B.A.  30  June 
1602,  M.A.  6  June  1605;  Vicar  of  Appleby  St.  Michael 
1611,  and  rector  of  Lowther,  Westmorland,  1613."  ^ 

John  Spencee,  M.A.,  1614  (?)— 1634. 

The  first  date  is  queried.  The  Institution  Books  give 
John  Simpson  as  collated  on  October  14,  1614.  I  am, 
however,  inclined  to  think  this  is  a  mistake  for  Spencer. 
He  was  appointed  to  Great  Musgrave  in  1612  ^  and  held  it 
in  Plurality  with  Bongate  until  his  death.  Nicolson  and 
Burn,  after  Teasdale,  merely  say  :  "After  him  one  John 
Spencer  M.A."  ^  If  this  is  correct  the  two  Listers,  whose 
names  follow,  were  probably  Spencer  's  Curates.  On  the 
top  of  the  page  of  the  Registers,  bearing  date  1616, 
appears  the  name  of  "  John  Lyster,  Curate" ;  and  under 
1621  they  have  the  following  :  — 

Burials  Julii   18  James   Lister   Minister  wythin  ye   quire. 

Egbert  Simpson,  M.A.,  1634 — 1653. 

He  was  collated  by  Bishop  Potter  June  23,  1634. 
Foster  has  the  following  concerning  him :  "  Rector  of 
Clifton  1632,  vicar  of  St.  Michael,  Appleby,  1634  and 
rector  of  Ormside  (all  Westmorland)  1636."  *  The 
Registers  give  the  precise  date  of  his  Induction  here  :  — 

Mdm  That  Robert  Symson  Gierke  and  Vicar  of  St.  Michael's  de 
Appleby  alias  Bongate  did  publiqueley  reade  the  whole  Booke  of 
Articles  the  twentieth  day  of  July  according  to  the  Computacon  of 
the  Church  of  England  1634  in  the  Parish  Church  of  Bongate 
aforesaid  on  the  Sabboth  Day  att  morning  Prayer  in  the  tyme  of 
Divine   Service   and   did   thereunto   willingly  and   ex   animo   give   his 

1.  Al.  Ox.  :  also  vide  p.  1235. 

2.  Vide  p.  1116. 

3.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  342. 

4.  Al.  Ox.  :  vide  also  p.  1144. 


II38 


The   Ejected   of   1662 


full   Assent   and  Consent  in   the   publique   hearing   and  presence   of 
those  whose  names   are  under  written   and  many   others. 

Machell 

John  Bainbrigg  Peter  Rowlandson 

John  Tomson  Anthonie  Harrison 

Reynard  Smith  Robert   Langton 

R.T. 
The  Registers  note  the  baptisms  of :  John,  1339  Jan.  9 ; 
Mathias,  1641 ;  another  son  whose  name  is  illegible  in 
1643 ;  and  Sarah,  Jan.  27,  1647-8,  all  children  of  "  Mr. 
Robt.  Symson."  The  Westmorland  Certificate  of  1646 
gives  him  as  "Minister  of  Bongate"  and  "Parson  of  Oime- 
side,"  "  a  noncovenantr  &  a  pluralist."  ^  Nicolson  and 
Burn  referring  to  the  resignation  of  Robert  Simpson  in 
1661  say  that  he  "  seems  to  have  held  through  all  the 
changes  of  the  times."  ^  That,  however,  is  an  error. 
Walker  does  not  include  him  in  his  Sequestered  list ;  but 
it  is  quite  certain  that  he  was  compelled  to  surrender,  at 
least,  the  Bongate  living  before  1653.  This,  of  course, 
was  because  of  his  Pluralism;  for  it  would  appear  that  he 
kept  the  Ormside  living.  The  following  interesting 
documents  corroborate  this  statement,  while  they  are 
significant  evidence  of  the  strong  determination  of  the 
new  regime  to  put  an  end  to  Pluralism. 
Barton  ffebr.  23.   1646, 

Bongate  &         Upon    Informacon    that    Doctor    Dawes   is    Viccar    of 
Dufton.  Barton  &  Rector  of  Asby  in  the  Countie  of  Westmerland 

&  Mr.  Simpson  is  Incumbent  of  Bongate  &  of  Ormeside 
in  the  said  Countie  &  Mr.  Burton  is  Incumbent  of 
Dufton  in  the  said  Countie  &  of  Orton  in  the  Countie  of  Cumberland 
&  evry  one  of  them  has  Cure  of  Soules  This  Cotee  doe  referre 
the  examinacon  thereof  to  the  Cotee  of  pliamt  in  the  said  Countie 
of  Westmerland  or  any  three  of  them  to  examine  the  truth  thereof 
calling  before  them  &  hearinge  pties  and  witnesses  on  both  sides 
therein  concerned  &  to  heare  what  cause  each  of  the  said  Ministers 
can  respectivelie  shew  why  one  of  the  said  benefices  should  not  be 
sequestred  from  him  And  in  case  it  shall  prove  that  each  of  the  said 
Ministers  hath  pluralitie  of  benefices  to  give  a  fortnights  tyme  to  each 
of  them  respectivelie  to  make  his  elecon  wch  of  his  sd  respective 
benefices  he  will  adhere  unto  &  wch  he  will  relinquish  &  to  Certifie 
the  same  to  this  Committee.^ 

1.  Vide  p.  111. 

2.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  342. 

3.  Bodl.  MS.,  324. 


Bongate 


1139 


Barton  Sep.   8.   1647. 

Bongate  Upon    Informacon    that    Doctor    Dawes    is    vicar    of 

Dufton  Barton     and     Rector    of     Apleby     in     the     Countie     of 

Westmerland  and  Mr.  Richard  Simpson  is  Incumbent  of 
Bongate  &  of  Ormeside  in  the  said  Countie  and  Mr. 
Burton  is  Incumbent  of  Dufton  in  the  sd  Countie  and  of  Orton  in 
the  Countie  of  Cumberland  every  one  of  the  sd  benefices  having 
cure  of  Soules  It  is  ordered  that  the  sd  Dr.  Dawes  Mr  Burton  & 
Mr.  Simpson  doe  every  one  of  them  Sevallie  make  their  eleccon 
before  the  Comitee  on  the  20th.  day  of  October  next  wch  of 
the  said  respective  benefices  they  will  adhere  &  wch  they  will 
relinquish  or  signifie  such  their  eleccon  under  their  hands  to  this 
Comittee    by    the    same    day.i 

The  word  "Apleby"  should  be  "Asby,"  of  which  Doctor 
Dawes  was  Rector,  and  "  Robert "  should  be  read  for 
"  Richard."  Simpson  relinquished  the  Appleby  living 
shortly  after  this. 

In  connection   with   Bongate  the   Survey   of   1649   has 
the  following :  — 

All  last  mentioned  pmisses  lesed  June  22.  1641  by  late  Dean  & 
Chapter  of   Carlisle  to   "Orfeure"   of  ye   City  of   Carlisle. 

To  hold  from  the  date  to  him  his  executors  and  assignes  to  and  for 
the  use  (as  he  confesseth)  of  Mary  Tunstall,  Late  wife  of  ffrederick 
Tunstall   and   her   Children   ffor   the   terme   of   21   years.  2 

No  Incumbent's  name  is  given. 

Ambrose  Rovtland,  1653 — 1660  (?). 

A  gap  occurs  of  several  years,  Rowland  being  appointed 

as  the  following  indicates  about  1653/4. 
Bongate  Know  all  men  &c.  the  Seaven  and  twentieth  day  of 

Ambrose  Rowland  June  in  ye  yeare  1654  There  was  exhibited  &c  A 
pres.  30  Jan.  presentation    of    Ambrose    Rowland    Clerke   to   ye 

1653.  vicarage  of  Bongat*  in  the  County  of  Wstmrland 

Made  to  him  by  his  Highnes  Oliver  Lord  protector 

Am.  Rowland  of  the   Comonwealth   of   England    &c.    the   patron 

Cert  as  aforesd  by  thereof  Under  the  Great  Seale  of  England  Together 
fira.  Higginson  &c  said  Ambrose  Rowland  &c  approved  the  said 
of  Kirkby  Stephen  Ambrose  Rowland  &c.  admitt  the  said  Ambrose 
Robt.  Branthwaite  Rowland  to  the  vicarage  of  Bongate  aforesaid  &c. 
John  Thornbrough  and  Incumbent  &c.  In  witnes  &c.  Dated  at 
E.  Branthwaite.       Whitehall  the  27th  day  of  June  1654.3 

1.  Add.    MSS.    Brit.    Mus.    15671. 

2.  Commonwealth    Surveys,    vol.    ii,    Lambeth    Library. 

3.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  997. 


1 140  The    Ejected   of   1662 

His  Approval  is  further  noted  in  the  following  :  — 

Bongate 

The  like  [Approval]  for  Mr.   Ambrose  Rowland  in  the  County  of 
Westmerland     Dated  att  Whitehall  the  27th  of  June  1654. 

Jo.    Nye.    Regr.  i 

The  following,  also  belonging  to  this  period,  relate  to 
the  titties  of  the  Rectory  :  — 

Bongate  &c.  Deer.  7.  1858. 

R.  15.  Upon  motion  in  behalfe  of  the  psent  tennt  of  the  tithes 
of  Bongate  Langton  fflackbridge  and  Murton  pcell  of  ye  Rectory 
of  Applebey  St.  Michael  in  the  County  of  Westmorland  the  Lease 
whereof  expires  the  29th.  of  September  next  insueing  The  Trustees 
doe  appoint  to  treate  with  him  for  the  said  tithes  without  a 
Competitor  on  ye  25th  day  of  October  next  when  he  is  to  make 
appeare  yt  all  arreares  of  rent  are  paid  and  the  Covenants  of  the 
Lease  duely  performed.  2 

Bongate  &c.  Dec.    7.    1658. 

R.  15.  Whereas  these  Trustees  have  appointed  on  ye  five  and 
Twentieth  of  October  next  to  contract  wth  ye  psent  tennt  of  the 
tithes  of  Bongate  Langton  fflackbridge  &  Murton  in  the  County 
of  Westmorland  for  a  new  estate  in  the  pmisses  wthout  a  Competi- 
tor Ordered  yt  Mr.  Edmund  Branthwait  Recr  doe  inquire  the  true 
yearly  value  of  the  said  tithes  and  Certify  ye  same  to  these  Trustees 
of   the   said   time.3 

It  is  unfortunate  that  information  respecting  Ambrose 
Rowland  after  this  time  is  entirely  wanting.  Whether 
he  remained  until  the  Restoration,  and,  if  so,  what 
happened  to  him,  are  points  about  which  we  have  no 
certain  knowledge.  Calamy  does  not  mention  him,  and 
yet  the  evidence  points  strongly  in  the  direction  of  an 
Ejection.  Two  facts,  at  least,  are  certain.  In  the  first 
place  the  dual  Incumbency  ended  with  the  Restoration. 
James  Buchanan  was  instituted  to  the  St.  Lawrence  living 
in  1661 ;  and  in  1660  Robert  Simpson  returned  to  Bon- 
gate. The  second  fact  is  that  Robert  Simpson  was 
restored  by  force  of  law. 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.   Plumd.   Min.)  968. 

2.  Ibid.,  980. 

3.  Ibid. 


Bongate  1 1 4 1 

Robert  Simpson,  M.A.,  1660. 

His  Petition  to  tlie  House  of  Lords  for  restitution  to  his 
living  is  here  appended  :  — 

To  the  right  Honorble  the  Lords  in  Parliament 

Assembled 
The  humble  peticon  of  Robert  Simpson  Gierke 
Minister  of  Bongate  neere  Apleby  in 
Westmland 
Shewith  : 

That  yor  petr  for  these  twelve  yeares  last  past  hath  been  most 
illegally  ejected  and  Thrust  out  of  his  Vicaridge  of  Bongate  in  the 
County  of  Westmland  and  from  the  exercise  of  his  Mini»-teriall  duty 
there  only  for  his  loyalty  and  good  aifeccon  to  his  IMatie 

May  it  therefore  please  yor  Lordpps  to  grant  yor   Order  for  the 
Secureing  of  the  Tithes,  Gleabes  and  profitts  thereof  into  the  hands  cf 
such  persons  as  yor  Lordpps  shall  thinke  fitt  untill  yor  petrs  title  to 
his  said  Vicaridge  shall  be  determined  by  due  Course  of  Law 
And  he  shall  pray  &c. 

Ro.   Symson. 
[Thils  signature  is  in  a  different  haaid   from   the  rest  of 
the  writing.] 
I    can    certefy    the  petitioner  He  was  euer  wel 

was  Minister  of  Bongate  and  affected  to  his  Masty 

is  a  conscientious  able  Divine  and  elected  without 

PHILIP  MUSGRAVE.  any  lawfuU  authority 

in  An.  1651.     P.M. 
Sr  Phil.  Musgrave  Knt.  and  Bart,  of  Edenhall  in  Cumberland.' 

In  the  inside  at  the  foot  of  p.  3  is  the  following  :    "  Sr. 

P.M.    in    fullers    rente    (?)    next    doore    to    Warrington 

bridge ;  "      and   on   the   outside :    "  The   petition   of   Mr. 

Robert  Simpson  Gierke. 

Expedited." 

With  reference  to  the  restoration  of  Robert  Simpson  to  his 

living  we  have  the  following  from  the  Registers  :  — 

By  vertue  of  a  writt  from  his  Majesty  yt  now  is  Charles  ye  second 
by  the  Grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  Scotland,  France  and  Ireland, 
defender  of  the  Faith  &c  to  Thomas  Gabettis,-  Sheriff  of  the  County 
of  Westmorland  to  give  permission  to  Robert  Symson  Cleark  of  the 

1.  House  of  Lords'  Library;  vide  also  H.^LC,  Seventh  Report,  Pt.  I., 
p.  108. 

2.  Probably  of  Crosby  Ravensworth.  An  inscription  on  the  east 
wall  of  Brough  Church  states  that  he  had  been  "  Sheriffe  "  "  Forty  years 
and  more."     He  died  Mar.  25,  1694,  aged  86. 


1 142  The   Ejected    of   1662 

vicarage  of  Bongate,  the  said  Thomas  Gabettis  did  give  quiet  and 
peaceable  possession  according  to  ye  force  of  the  aforesaid  writt  upon 
the  20th  day  of  September  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  God,  one  thousand 
six  hundred  and  sixty  and  in  the  twelvth  year  of  ye  reign  of  our 
Soverane  Lord  King  Charles  to  the  aforesaid  Eobert  Symson,  Clearke, 
of  ye  Messuage  Vicarage  or  dwelling  house  in  Bongate  in  the  name  of 
all  the  lands,  profitts,  privileges  and  appurtenances  whatsoever 
belonging  to  the  Church  and  vicarage  of  Bongate,  aforesaid  in  the 
presence  of  us  whose  names  are  underwritten. 

Richard  Lambe 

Miles  Holme  his  X  marke 

Thomas  Salkeld  his  X  marke 

William  Yaire 

Robert  Dover. 
Robert  Simpson  did  not  long  retain  the  Bongate  living ; 
he  resigned,  September  20,  1661,  in  favour  of  bis  son,  and 
accepted  tbe  living  of  Long  Marton.^ 

Bahnabas  Simpson,  M.A.,  1661 — 1712. 

He  was  instituted  November  1,  1661,  and  was  the  son  of 
Robert  Simpson  just  named.  He  matriculated  Queen's 
College,  Oxford,  July  15,  1652;  graduated  B.A.  July  11, 
1656,  and  M.A.  April  21,  1659.2  He  "  publiquely  reade 
ye  whole  booke  of  Articles  ye  twenteth  day  of  Aprill 
1662,"  "  in  ye  parish  Church  of  Bongate  aforesaid  on  ye 
Sabboth  day  and  in  ye  time  of  divine  Service  and  did 
therunto  willingly  and  ex  animo  give  his  full  assent  and 
Consent."  ^  He  accepted  both  this  living  and  Ormside 
from  his  father;  and  subsequently  added  Long  Marton  to 
his  list.  The  baptism  of  his  daughter,  Elizabeth,  on 
October  29,  1662,  is  noted  in  the  Registers.  Bishop 
Nicolson,  writing  in  1703,  says:  — 

Mr.  B.  Sympson  of  Long  Marton  is  Vicar  here;  And,  haveing 
not  resided  in  the  parish  for  above  twenty  years  past,  has  suffer'd 
the  Vicarage- House  to  fall  into  decay.  The  walls  are  tolerably 
good  :  But  little  within  that's  sound.  His  Curate  is  one  Blamire 
a  B.  of  Arts  in  Queen's  College,  Oxford;  but  has  not  lived  so 
regularly,  since  his  takeing  Orders,  as  were  to  be  wish'd.  He's  said 
to  behave  himself  more  soberly  of  late  than  heretofore.  * 

1.  Vide  p.  1151. 

2.  Al.  Ox. 

3.  Bongate  Registers. 

4.  Miscel.,   p.   39  :  also  Trans.    (N.S.)  vol.   iv,   p.   33. 


II.     ORMSIDE. 

This  is  a  small  village  a  few  miles  south  of  Appleby. 
Frequently  it  appears  as  "  Ormshead  "  or  "  Ormeshead." 
The  Church,  dedicated  to  St.  James,  stands  on  a  gentle 
elevation  overlooking  the  beautiful  river  Eden.  It  is  very 
ancient  and  exceedingly  quaint.  The  Registers  begin  in 
1560,  the  first  page  being  in  part  mutilated;  but  the 
writing  is  bold  and  clear.  The  Churchwardens'  Accounts 
commence  in  1704.  The  late  Rev.  Joseph  Brunskill  care- 
fully compiled  from  "  ancient  records "  a  list  of 
Incumbents.  It  follows  somewhat  closely  the  one  supplied 
by  Nicolson  and  Burn,  though  it  contains  a  few  additions. 
He  informs  us  that  the  Church  was  founded  in  1087,  and 
"until  1248  served  by  a  priest  from  the  Abbey  of  St. 
Mary  at  York.  In  1248  it  was  granted  to  the  Bishop  of 
Carlisle."  There  is  a  cross  in  the  Churchyard  whose 
pedestal  bears  date  1643.  Cromwell's  soldiers  are  said  to 
have  knocked  the  other  part  down.  It  was  restored  in 
1897,  on  the  occasion  of  the  Diamond  Jubilee  of  the  late 
Queen,  and,  in  addition  to  the  date,  it  bears  the  letters 
"  V.R."     The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents  :  — 

John  Hudson,  1587 — 1591. 

The  Hudsons  belonged  to  Cumberland  and  Westmor- 
land. Foster  gives  quite  a  number  of  Oxford  graduates 
of  this  name,  hailing  principally  from  these  two  Counties, 
among  them  several  "  Johns,"  though  he  does  not  identify 
any  one  with  the  person  in  question.  The  Registers  have 
the  following :  — 

Buriall  Anno  Domi  1591.  The  23rd  daye  of  Aprill  Sr  John  Hodge- 
son   [Hudson]  parson   of   Ormside. 

Richard  Burton,  M.A.,  1591—1635. 

The  Burtons  also  were  a  local  family  of  considerable 
influence  and  importance.      It  is  not  easy  to  trace  the 


1144  The   Ejected   of   1662 

career  of  Richard  Burton,  who  appears  to  have  been  a 
Pluralist.  Indeed  this  part  of  the  area  was  especially 
fruitful  in  Pluralism,  and  the  difficulty  of  the  narrator 
is  greatly  increased  on  that  account.  jS^icolson  and  Burn 
under  Long  Marton  say  of  Richard  Burton  that  he  died 
in  1640.  There  was  a  Richard  Burton  at  Dufton  in  1646 
who  was  also  at  Great  Orton  in  Cumberland  ^  during  this 
period. 

Robert  Simpson,  M.A.,  1636 — 1661. 

He  was  collated  by  Bishop  Potter  March  15,  1635.     In 

the  Registers  appears  the  following :  — 

Mm.  That  Robert  Syrason  Gierke  and  Parson  of  Ormshead  did 
publiquely  reade  the  whole  Booke  of  Articles  the  twenty  Seaventh 
day    of    March    according    to    the    Computation    of    the    Church    of 

England  1636  in  the  parish  Church  of  Ormshead  aforesaid  being  

att  morning  prayer  and  did  thereunto  willingly  ex  animo  give  his 
full  assent  and  consent  in  the  publique  hearing  of  these  whose 
names  are  here  under  written  [names  not  copied]. 

A  full  account  of  Robert  Simpson,  who  was  a  Pluralist  in 
a  high  degree,  is  given  under  Bongate.^  He  resigned 
Xov.  4,  1661,  and  went  to  Long  Marton.^  Mr.  Brunskill 
has  the  following  as  "Assistant  priests "  during  this 
period  :  — 

Jon.  Burbank  1594. 

George  Parker  1636. 

•John  Atkinson  1636. 

Barnabas  Simpson,  M.A.,  1661 — 1679. 

He  was  collated  Xov.  5,  1661,  taking  both  Bongate  and 
Ormside  from  his  father,  who  resigned  in  his  favour. 
Afterwards  he  added  Long  Marton  to  his  list.  He  appears 
to  have  resigned  the  Ormside  living  in  1679.* 

John  Simpson,  B.A.,  1679—1726. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon,  March  11,  1665-6,  and  the 
same  day  licensed  to  read  prayers  at  Long  Marton.^     He 

1.  Vide  pp.  229,  1154. 

2.  Vide  p.  1137. 

3.  Vide  p.  1151. 

4.  Vide  p.  1152. 

5.  Episcopal  Register. 


Ormside  1145 

was    collated,    March    -3,    1679,    and    was    tlie    brother    of 

Barnabas   Simpson  having   previously   been    at   Lazonby. 

The  following  from  the  Registers  supplies  the  date  of  his 

Induction  into  the  Ormside  living  :  — 

Memorandum  That  John  Symson  Gierke  and  parson  of  Ormeside 
did  Reade  the  whole  booke  of  Articles  publiquely  the  Seaventh  day 
of  March  1679  According  to  the  Computation  of  the  Church  of 
England  in  the  parish  Church  of  Ormeside  aforesaid  in  the  time 
of  Divine  Service  being  the  first  Sunday  after  his  induction  and 
thereunto  willingly  and  ex  animo  give  his  full  assent  and  consent 
in  the  publique  hearinge  and  presence  of  these  whose  names  are 
under  written,   with   many   others   [names   not   copied]. 

John  Simpson  died  in  1726  as  the  following  from  the 
Eegisters  shows:  — 

Burialls   1726 
July   10th   Mr.    John   Symson   ^Minister   of   Ormside. 

He  was  one  of  few  men  in  the  Diocese,  of  Avhom  Bishop 
Nicolson,  writing  in  1703,  was  able  to  speak  in  terms  of 
Mgh  praise.     He  says:  — 

The  present  Eector  (Mr.  John  Sympson,  brother  to  Mr.  Barnaby, 
of  Long-Martin)  is  a  very  good  man ;  but  wholly  under  the  Guidance 
of  his  Brother  William,  with  whom  he  lives  here  in  Ormeshead 
at  a  little  distance  from  his  Parsonage-House.  I  found  this  in  the 
same  unfinish'd  Condition,  wherein  I  had  seen  it  several  years 
agoe ;  with  Floors  unlaid,  no  Glass  in  the  Windows,  no  Plaister 
on  the  Walls  &c.  Willm  promises  that  all  shall  be  very  speedily 
perfected  to  my  full  satisfaction ;  and  I  am  willing  to  hope  the 
best.  The  Barn  and  other  Out-Houses  are  pretty  well  :  some  of 
'em  very  lately  built  from  the  ground.' 

The  following  also  from  the  Registers  in  which  John 
Simpson's  name  occurs  are  of  sufficient  interest  to  admit 
of  their  insertion  here  :  — 

Agreede  the  18th  of  Nov.  1724  With  the  consent  of  Mr.  John 
Simpson  Rector  of  Ormside  that  Robert  Winder  son  of  Tho.  Winder 
is  Bound  or  shall  be  Bond  to  Tho.  Outhwait  of  Little  Ormeside  a 
Taylor  for  the  tearm  of  Seaven  year  &  ye  sd  Tho.  Outhwaite  is  to 
have  for  his  Prentis  iTee  the  Sume  of  two  pounds  to  be  pd  by  the 
Church  Wardens  of  Ormside 

John    Simpson    Rector. 

Memorandum    That    whereas   there    was    fformerly    fforty    poundes 

1.  Miscel.   &c.   p.    41. 


1 1 46  The   Ejected   of  1662 


given  by  Richard  Burton  p'son  of  Ormside,  the  rent  to  be  deducted 
yearely  for  bindeinge  of  poore  Legittiment  Childringe  to  Appren- 
tices and  that  one  William  Barton  of  Breaker  in  the  said  parish 
of  Ormside  did  Borrow  the  said  Sum  of  the  said  Richard  Burton 
and  was  to  pay  yearely  the  sum  of  Three  pounds  and  for  Securitie 
of  the  said  sum  did  ingage  the  demisne  at  Breaker  by  indenture 
and  the  sum  of  Three  pounds  hath  beene  formerly  payd  yearely 
by  the  [said]  William  Barton  and  Robert  Barton  his  son  but  now 
one  John  Pattieson  of  Pennreth  did  purchase  the  said  Demisne  at 
Breaker  of  Robertt  Barton  sonne  of  the  said  William  and  the  said 
John  Pattieson  dening  to  pay  the  said  pearely  rent  of  Three  pounds 
the  parishioners  of  the  parish  of  Ormeside  did  destraine  and  suite 
beinge  Conamenst  betwixt  the  said  John  Pattieson  and  the  Parish- 
ioners of  the  aforesaid  parrish  the  said  John  Pattieson  did  produce 
an  intaile  that  the  said  William  Barton  was  but  onely  Tennant  for 
life  and  soe  Could  make  noe  Securiety  for  the  said  sum  of  fforty 
pounds  and  by  advice  of  Counsell  did  receive  the  sum  of  fforty 
pounds  of  the  said  John  Pattieson  for  the  [title]  abovesaid  by 
the  Consent  of  us  whose  names  are  under  written  Witnesse  our 
names  the  day  and  yeare   abovesaid. 

John    Symson   Parson 

&c    &C- 
[Date  not  given.' 


III.     LONG  MAETON. 

This  place  is  about  the  same  distance  north  of  Appleby 
as  Ormside  is  south.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St. 
Mary.  Its  Registers  date  from  1586,  and  the  following  is 
a  description  of  the  earlier  volumes  :  — 

The  oldest  Register  in  the  Parish  Chest  at  Long  Marton  dates  from 
1586  and  continues  (with  omissions)  till  1627. 

There  are  no  Entries  from  1593  to  1598 ;  and  only  a  few  Entries  to 
1599  and  none  in   1602. 

There  is  a  blank  apparently  from  1627  to  1654. 

The  second  Register  dates  from  1654  aJid  continues  to  1671.  A  blank 
then  occurs  up  to   1695. 

A  Third  Register  dates  from  1695  &  continues  to  1714. 

The  Registers  for  1715,  1716  &  1720  are  apparently  missing  and 
there  are  no  Burials  &  Marriages  for  1717  to  1732.  i 

The  oldest  Register  Book  consists  of  five  long  slips  of 
parchment,  and  begins  in  1586  "ffebruarie  the  vth  daye," 
with  a  baptism.  The  second  consists  of  nine  long  slips 
of  parchment  headed  thus  :  — 

The  Register  Booke  for 
Long  Marton  of  all  the 

Srancis  Gregson  Christeninges  Weddinges 

Allowed    &    Sworne  &  Burialls  from 

Parish  Regester  May  9th  one 

of  Long  martin  thousand  six 

aforesaid  May  hundred  &  ffiftie 

9th   1654  before  foure. 

me  Tho  Burton. 

All  these  names  [which   follow]  are  renewed  on  ye  next  side  least 

they  should  weare  out. 

The  third  is  a  small  paper  volume  of  about  20  leaves. 
The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents :  — 

Richard  Burton,  1591 — 1640. 

In  the  account  of  Ormside  reference  is  made  to  the 
difficulty    experienced    in    relation    to    Richard    Burton, 

1.    Copy  of  Paper  in  the  Parish  Chest. 


1 148  The   Ejected   of  1662 

whom  we  meet  at  Ormside,  Long  Marten,  Diifton  and 
Great  Orton,  Cumberland,  about  tbe  same  time.  Appear- 
ances point  strongly  to  two  persons  of  that  name  in  this 
district.  The  person  who  held  Great  Orton  and  Dufton 
was  one  and  the  same ;  and  it  Avould  seem  that  Richard 
Burton  of  Long  Marton  had  also  Ormside  in  Plurality 
for  many  years,  resigning  that  living  in  1635,  when  he 
was  succeeded  by  Robert  Simpson.  The  Long  Marton 
Rector,  I  imagine,  was  father  to  the  Dufton  one,  and 
according  to  ?^icolson  and  Burn  he  died  in  1640.  "  The 
ancient  manor  house,  called  Brampton-hall,"  write 
Nicolson  and  Burn,  "  was  built  anew  by  Thomas  Burton 
esquire,  grandson  of  Richard  Burton,  rector  of  this  parish ; 
which  Thomas  Burton  was  a  Justice  of  peace  for  this 
County  in  the  time  of  Oliver  Cromwell,^  and  was  after- 
wards knighted  by  King  Charles  the  second  for  divers 
services  he  had  performed  (though  an  Oliverian)  to  the 
loyal  party.  The  said  Sir  Thomas  sold  the  same  to  the 
ancestor  of  the  present  George  Baker  of  Ellemore-hall 
esquire,  who  sold  the  same  to  divers  of  the  inhabitants, 
who  demolished  the  hall,  leaving  only  so  much  remaining 
as  was  sufficient  for  fitting  up  a  farm  house."  ^  The 
Burton  entries  in  the  Registers  are  numerous  and  are 
here  appended:  — 

1591  August  the  viij  daie  Katheringe  Burton  the  daughter  of 
Mr.   Richarde  Burton  and  Alice  his  wife  was  baptized. 

August  25.     The  aforesaide  Katheringe  Burton  was  buried. 

1657.  August  Mrs  Ann  Burton  ye  daughter  of  Thomas  Burton  Esq 
and  Mrs.  Elizabeth  his  wife  of  Brampton  baptized  ye  13th  day. 

November  Mrs  Ann  Burton  ye  daughter  of  Thomas  Burton  Esq. 
and  Mrs.  Elizabeth  his  wife  of  Bramptoai  buried  the  said  9th  day  of 
November. 

1658  August  Mr.  Thomas  the  Sonne  of  Thomas  Burton  Esq.  and 
Mrs  Elizabeth  his  wife  of  Brampton  Baptized  ye  5th  day. 

1659  July  Mr.  Richard  the  Sonne  of  Thomas  Burton  Esq  and 
Mrs.  Elizabeth  his  wife  of  Brampton  Baptized  ye  2Lst  day. 

Nov.  Mr.  Thomas  ye  son  &  hier  of  Thomas  Burton  Esq.  &  Mrs 
Elizabeth  his  wife  of  Brampton   buried  ye   10th  day. 

1.  His  Diary  of  the  Parliamentary  proceedings  1656 — 1659,  published 
in  1828  in  four  vols.,  is  rare  and  most  valuable. 

2.  Vol.  i,  p.  363. 


Long  Marton  1 1 49 

1660-1  Janua  Sr.  Thomas  Burton  of  Brampton  buried  ye  3d  day. 

1661  June  Thomas  the  Sonne  of  Sr  Tho  Burton  Knight  late  of 
Brampton  &  ye  Lady  Els.  his  wife  Baptized  the  20th  day. 

1661.  December  Thomas  ye  Sonne  of  Sr.  Thomas  Burton  Knight 
late  of  Brampton  &  ye  Lady  Elizabeth  his  wife  buried  ye  26th  day. 

Henry  Huttox,  M.A.,  1640—1654/5. 

He  was  instituted  Feb.  11,  1640,  on  the  Presentation  of 
"ffran.  Comes  Cumbr.";  and  was  the  son  of  Judge  Hutton, 
of  the  younger  branch  of  the  Huttons  of  Hutton  Hall,  in 
Penrith.  He  was  a  Prebendary  of  Carlisle  in  1643,  and 
appears  in  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  as 
"  parson  of  Long  Marton,  a  Non  covenantr  and  dis- 
affected." ^  Walker  says  that  he  "  was  educated  at  Jesus 
College,  Cambridge,  of  which  he  was  Fellow  and  Procter 
in  1639."  2  "He  was  ejected  from  his  livings,"  says 
Jefferson,  "  by  the  commissioners  of  Cromwell ;  and  it  is 
said,  would  have  been  promoted  to  the  episcopal  see  of 
Carlisle  at  the  Restoration,  had  he  not  died  a  few  months 
before  that  event.  His  library,  in  which  was  a  collection 
of  the  Fathers,  in  Greek  and  Latin,  came  by  the  favour 
of  Arthur  Savage,  one  of  the  prebendaries,  into  the  posses- 
sion of  the  dean  and  chapter  and  was  the  foundation  of 
their  present  well  furnished  library."  ^  Nicolson  and 
Burn,  on  the  contraiy,  say  that  he  died  soon  after  his 
Ejectment  from  the  Prebendship.  Here,  as  frequently  in 
these  matters,  is  considerable  exaggeration.  Henry 
Hutton  does  not  seem  to  have  been  a  very  serious  sufferer. 
That  he  lost  the  Prebendship  at  Carlisle  is  doubtless  true  : 
for  the  whole  Cathedral  system  was  swept  away  with  the 
abolition  of  Episcopacy.  His  enjoyment,  therefore,  of 
this  emolument  was  only  brief  seeing  that  the  appoint- 
ment was  made  in  1643 ;  but  he  was  not  disturbed  at  Long 
Marton  until  his  death,  in  relation  to  the  date  of  which 
both  the  above  named  Historians  are  at  fault.  The 
Registers  record  his  burial  thus  :  — 

1654-5  March  Mr.  Henry  Hutton  Parson  of  Marton  buried  ye  22nd 

day. 

l.Vide  p.   111. 

2.  Walker,  Pt.  ii,  p.   10. 

3.  Hist,  of  Carlisle,  p.  266,  Note. 


II50 


The   Ejected   of  1662 


It  is  pathetic  to  note  that  "  Henry  ye  Sonne  of  ye  said 
Mr.  Henry  Hutton  and  Mrs.  Elizabetn  his  wife  of  Marton" 
was  baptized  five  days  afterwards.  Foster  says  that 
Richard  Hutton  son  of  "  Henry  of  Marton,  Westmorland, 
sac  "  matriculated  Queen's  Coll.  July  19,  1662,  and  was 
"bar-at-law  Gray's  Inn,  1671."  ^  The  passag-es  just  cited 
serve  as  a  good  illustration  of  the  way  in  which  Walker's 
statements,  in  the  particular  case  before  us  quite 
restrained,  have  helped  to  weave  around  the  Sequestered 
Clergy  quite  fanciful  stories  about  the  deprivations,  which 
they  suffered  at  the  hands  of  Cromwell  and  tlie  Common- 
wealth. 

Lancelot  Lowther,  1654 — 1661. 

The  reader  is  referred  to  Kirkby  Thore  and  Addingham  - 
for  an  account  of  Lancelot  Lowther,  and  an  attempt  to 
deal  with  the  difficulties  which  surround  the  two 
persons  of  that  name.  He  had  previously  been  at  Kirkby 
Thore  and  Workington,  and  his  appointment  to  Long 
Marton  is  given  in  the  following  terms :  — 

Long  Merton  Know  all   men   by   these   psents   That 

Lancellot    Lowther     the    Thirtieth    day    of    May    in    the      Pres. 

yeare  One  thousand  six  hundred  flSty       23 

and   five    There   was    exhibited    to   ye       Mayi 
Comissionrs   for    approbation   of   pub-       1654. 
lique     preachers     A     presentation     of 
Lancellot     Lowther      Gierke     to     the 
Rectory     of     Long     Merton     in     the 
County    of    Westrland    !Made    to    him 

by  the  Right  Honble  Anne  Countesse 

Dowager  of  Pembroke  &c  the  patroness 
thereof    Together    with    a    testimony 

in  the  behalf e  of  the  said  Lancellot  Lowther  of  his  holy  and  good 
conversation  Upon  perusall  and  due  consideracon  of  the  premisses 
and  finding  him  to  be  a  pson  qualified  as  in  and  by  the  Ordinance 
for  such  approbation  is  required.  The  Conmiissioners  above menconed 
have  adjudged  &  approved  the  said  Lancellot  Lowther  to  be  a  fit 
person  to  preach  the  Gospell  and  have  Graunted  him  admission 
and  doe  admitt  the  said  Lancellot  Lowther  to  the  rectory  of  Long 
Merton    aforesaid    to    be    full    &    perfect    possessor    and    Incumbent 

1.  Al.   Ox. 

2.  Vide  pp.  352,  1165. 


Lane.  Lowther  Cert, 
as  aforesaid  by 

John  Dalton 
Matt  Wilkinson 
Ambr    Rowland 


Long  Marton  1 1 5 1 

thereof  And  doe  hereby  signitie  to  all  persons  concerned  therein 
that  he  is  hereby  intituled  to  ye  pfitts  &  pquisitts  &  all  Rights 
&  dues  incident  and  belonging  to  ye  said  Rectory  as  fully  &  effec- 
tually as  if  he  had  beene  instituted  &  inducted  According  to  any 
Such  Lawes  and  Customes  as  have  in  this  Case  formerly  beene 
made  had  or  used  in  this  Realme  In  Witnesse  whereof  they  have 
caused  the  Comon  Seal  to  be  hereunto  afl&xed  and  ye  same  to  be 
attested  by  the  hand  of  ye  Regr  by  his  Highnes  in  yt  behalfe 
appointed. 

Dated  at  Whitehall  the  30th  day  of  May  1655.' 

He  remained  here  until  his  death  in  1661,  the  following 
being  the  burial  entry  in  the  Registers  :  — 

1661  Aprill  Mr.  Lancelott  Lowther  Minister  of  the  parish  of  Long 
Marton  buried  the  16th  day. 

His  Petition  for  one  of  three  vacant  Prebendaries  at 
Carlisle  only  a  few  months  before  his  death  did  not  meet 
with  success.     The  following  is  a  copy  :  — 

1660  June(?). 
Peticon     '  To  the  Kings  Most  Excellent  Majestie 

of  The  humble  petition  of  Lancelot  Lowther  Clerk. 

Lancelott  Lowther. 

Himably  Sheweth. 

That  a  prebendarie  of  Carlisle  is  void   by 
the  Death  of  ffrederick  Tunstall,  and 
now  in  your  Maties  guifte 
May  it  therefore  please   yor 
Sacred    Majestie 

to   Conferre  the  same   uppooi  yor 
petitioner 
And  he  (as  in  duty  bound)  shall 
ever  pray  for  yor  Matie.  2 

Robert  Simpson,  M.A.,  1661. 

The  Episcopal  Register  at  Carlisle  states  that  he 
resigned  Bongate  "  Sept  vie.  1661,"  also  that  he  was 
inducted  to  "  Long  Marton  vices,  sexto  Sept.  1661  " ;  still 
further  that  he  resigned  "  Ormeside  alias  Ormeshead, 
,Nov.  4,  1661."     He  read  "the  whole  booke  of  Articles," 

1.  Lambeth  MSS.  (Plund.  Min.)  996. 

2.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Car.  ii,  vol.  6,  No.  19. 


II52 


The   Ejected   of   1662 


Oct.  20,  1661,  "  on  the  Lord's  day  at  Morninge  prayer  and 
in  the  time  of  divine  service."  ^ 

Barnabas  Simpson,  M.A.,  1679 — 1712. 

He  was  instituted,  Jan.- 8,  1679,  on  the  Presentation  of 
"  Johes  Tufton  Arm."  He  succeeded  his  father  at  Bon- 
gate  and  Ormside,  and  subsequently  took  from  him  also 
Long  Marton.  He  died  in  1712 ;  the  two  following  entries 
note  the  burial  of  himself  and  his  wife,  who  predeceased 
him  by  a  little  over  two  years :  — 

1709-10,  ffebruary  20  Mrs  Elizabeth  Symson  ye  wife  of  Barn : 
Symson  Rector  of  Marton  who  dyed  feb.  18th  betwixt  8  and  9  of  ye 
clock  at  night  was  buryed  aforesd  on  ye  20  of  ffebruary  1709. 

1712  December  the  12th  Barnaby  Simson  Rector  of  Marton  Buried. 


1.  Parish  Registers;   also  vide  pp.  1141,  1144. 


IT.     DUFTOX 


Dufton  is  about  two  miles  east  of  Long  Martoii,  ap- 
proaching the  wild  mountain  scenery  which  forms  the 
eastern  wall  of  the  County,  Dufton  Pike,  1,578  ft.,  being 
only  a  short  distance  away.  The  Church  is  dedicated  to 
St.  Cuthbert,  and  its  Registers  begin  in  1571.  Several 
pages  appear  to  have  gone  from  the  beginning  of  the 
earlier  volume,  and  some  of  the  remainder  are  very 
dilapidated.  It  ought  also  to  be  said  that  1571  appears 
to  be  written  by  a  later  hand.  The  first  vohime  cove  rs 
the  years  1571  to  1617:  the  second  1619  to  1652;  the  third 
1653  to  1672.  With  reference  to  the  third  we  have  tlie 
following  :  — 

The    Regester    Booke    for    the    Parish    of    Dufton    for    Marriages 
Berthes  and  burialls  beginninge  September  2.3.   1653. 

Be   itt  remembered   that  the    24th  day   of    September    1653    Wilhn 
Atkinson  came  before  me  and  was  swoi'ne  &  approved   of  to   be  the 
Paresh  Regester  for  the  Parish  of  Dufton  aforesd  Acccrd'nge  to  Act 
of  Parliamt  of  the  24th  of  August  last  m  the  year  appended 
Thcs    Burton. 

A  new  "  Regester  booke  "  was  begun  in  1679.  This  is  in 
paper  and  much  torn  at  the  edges.  The  others  are  in 
parchment;  the  ink  is  worn  away  in  many  places,  but 
much  is  recoverable.  The  following  is  a  list  of  Incum- 
bents :  — 

John  Dent,  1566 — 1575, 

He  died  the  latter  year  and  his  burial  entry  is  thus 
given :  — 

1575  October  xth  day  John  Dente  parson  of  Duftcn  was  buryed. 

Chhistopher  Walkee,  1575 — 1624. 

His  burial  entry  in  the  Registers  reads  thus  :  — 

1624-5   iJebruarie   the  28  was    Chrestofer    Walker   pson   of    Dutton 
buried. 

Christopher  Walker,  possibly  a  descendant,  by  his  Will, 
dated  1670,  gave  £40,  the  interest  of  which  was  to  assist 


1 1 54  The   Ejected   of    1662 

in  the  support  of  "  a  Schoolmaster  at  Dufton  to  be 
appointed  by  the  rector,  the  lord's  bailiff  and  six  sufficient 
men  of  the  town  of  Dufton."  ^  He  held  Appleby,  St. 
Lawrence,  in  Plurality  for  some  time.^ 

Richard  Burton,  M.A.,  1624. 

He  was  instituted  April  8,  1624,  on  the  Presentation  of 
*'  Johes  Simson  de  Appleby."  This  was  the  person  who 
was  also  at  Great  Orton,  and  who  was  compelled  to  relin- 
quish one  of  his  livings.  An  account  of  him  appears 
there  ^  and  all  that  is  further  necessary  is  to  append  the 
Burton  entries  in  the  Registers :  — 

1627  Julye  The  22  was  Thomas  Burton  the  Sonne  of  Richard  Burton 
and  Anne  his  wife  Baptized. 

1628-9  The  ffirst  day  of  March  was  Richard  Burton,  the  son  of 
Richard  Burton  the  yonger  baptized. 

1629-30  March  ye  4  was  Richard  Burton  yonger  ye  son  of  Richard 
Burton  baptized. 

August  ye  1st  1632  Pearse  Burton  son  of  Richard  Burton  parson 
was  Babtyzed. 

1634-5  January  Anne  daughter  of  Mr.  Richard  Burtonn  and 
Mistresse  Anne  his  wife  bap.  18. 

1641  Novem.  4  Robert  fili.  Richard  Burton  Clerk  baptized. 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646  he  is  referred  to 
as  "  parson  of  Dufton,  a  pluralist."  *  How  long  he 
remained  here  is  not  known ;  but  he  was  certainly  here  in 
1650.  On  Dec.  2,  1650,  he  "  maketh  oath  that  he  hath 
made  noe  release  of  ye  Manner  of  Soulby  to  Sr  Philipp 
Musgrave  or  to  any  person  for  his  use,  but  to  Thomas 
Burton  [of  Brampton,  Co.  Westmorland]  his  eldest  son, 
in  trust  for  ye  maintenance  &  preferrmt.  of  himself e,  & 
other  of  bretheren  &  sisters,  all  wch  the  said  Richard 
Burton  ans[we]rreth  to  be  true  upon  oath."  This  was  in 
presence  of  Ger.  Benson,  Rich.  Crackanthorpp,  Roger 
Bateman,  John  Fallowfield.^ 

1.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  358. 

2.  Vide  p.  1129. 

3.  Vide  p.  229. 

4.  Vide  p.  111. 

5.  Westmorland  Note  Book,  vol.  i,  p.  88. 


Dufton  1 1 55 

Edward  Preston,  1657. 

This  is  quite  a  new  name.  He  appears  in  the  Survey 
for  1657  ^ ;  and  the  following  establishes  his  appointment 
to  Dufton :  — 

Dufton  in  Edward    Preston    CI.    Admitted    ye     1st    day    of 

ye  County  of    December  1658  to  ye  R.   of   Dufton   in   ye   County  of 

Westmerland.    Westmland  Upon  a  pres.  exhibited  the  same  day  from 

the  Keepers  of  ye  Liberty  of  England  by  authority  of 

parliamt  under  ye  great  Seal  of  England  the  patrons. 

And  Certificates  &c  Jo.   Dalton  Jo.  Thwaite*  Math.  Wilkinson  of 

Bampton  Tho.  ffawcett.  2 

Evidently  he  conformed  and  received  reinstitution  Aug. 
25,  1661,  on  the  Presentation  of  Christ.  Clapham.  He 
removed  shortly  afterwards. 

Simon  Webster,  1661 — 1675. 

He  had  been  previously  at  Brougham,  ^  and  was  insti- 
tuted to  Dufton  on  the  same  Presentation  on  Sept.  27,. 
1661.  He  duly  read  the  "  39  Articles  "  as  the  following 
shows  :  — 

ffebr  25th  1662-3  were  the  39  Articles  of  the  Church  of  England 
Read  in  the  Church  of  Dufton  in  the  time  of  divine  Service  by 
Mr.  Symond  Webster  Clerk  Rector  of  Dufton  and  declared  his  assent 
and  his  consent  to  ye  use  off  the  things  contained  in  ye  booke  of 
Common  prayer  and  read  ye  Ordinaries  Certificate  off  his.  subjection 
to  ye  declaration  according  to  ye  Act  off  uniformitie. 
Witnesses   hereof 

Richard  Deane 

William  -Ewbancke 

Thomas  Watson  mke  X 

John  Gargate  mke   X 

Willm  Atkinson.  4 

He  held  the  Penrith  living  in  Plurality  with  Dufton  for 
some  time.  ^  A  daughter,  Jane,  was  baptized,  Oct.  25,. 
1666.     He  himself  died  in  1675. 

1.  Vide  Appendix  II,  p.  1310. 

2.  Lambeth  MSS  (Plund.  Min.)  999. 

3.  "Vide  p.  1247. 

4.  Parish  Registers. 

5.  Vide  p.  432. 


1 1 56  The    Ejected    of   1662 

James  Buchanax,  M.A.,  1675 — 1680. 

He  was  instituted,  July  3,  1675,  on  the  death  of 
Webster,  the  Presentation  being  the  same.  He  was  the 
son  of  George  Buchanan  of  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  and  was 
previously  at  St.  Lawrence,  Appleby.  ^  The  following 
baptismal  entry  appears  in  the  Registers:  — 

John  Buchanan  son  of  Mr.  Janies  Buchanan  and  Emma  Buchanan 
his  wife  was  Baptized  ye  20th  day  of  May. 

This  is  the  first  entry  in  the  "  New  Register  Booke  "  for 

1679.  His  burial  is  noted  thus  :  — 

Anno  Dni  1680  Mr.  James  Buchanan  buried  Aprill  Isfc  1680. 

JoHX  LixDSAY,  1680—1728. 

He   was   instituted   on   the  same  Presentation,   May   7, 

1680,  and  after  a  lengthened  ministry  of  nearly  50  years 
died.     His  burial  entry  is  as  follows:  — 

1728  The  Reverend  Mr.  John  Lindsay  Rector  of  this  Parish  Buried 
Sept.    11th. 

His   wife    had    predeceased   him    only   a    few   months    as 
witness  the  Registers  :  — 

1727-8  March  18  Mrs  Lilias  the  wife  of  Mr.  Jchn  Lindsay  Rector 
ibid  buryed. 

1.  Vide  p.  1134. 


Y.     NEWBIGGIN. 

This  is  about  three  miles  north  of  Long  Marton.  The 
Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Edmund,  and  the  Registers 
begin  in  Dec.  1571.  The  earlier  volume  is  well  bound, 
but  many  of  the  pages  have  faded,  and,  in  some  cases,  the 
leaves  have  been  mutilated.  The  entries  are  continuous 
through  the  period  with  which  we  are  concerned.  The 
following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents :  — 

EoLAND  Yaux,  1580—1626. 

He  was  presented  by  Henry  Crackenthorp,  Esq.,  whose 
seat,  Crackenthorp  Hall,  is  almost  adjoining  the  Church. 
The  following  interesting  entry  occurs  in  the  Westward 
Registers :  — 

Item  Upon  the  same  day  [2nd  day  of  Feb.  1619]  did  Mr.  Rowland 
Vauxe  pson  of  newbigging  make  and  preache  a  Sermon  att  Westward 
there  wth  this  text  who  so  doth  these  things  shall  nev.  fall  Psalmes 
the  15  verse   last. 

Roland  Yaux  died  in  1626  as  the  following  from  the 
Registers  shows  :  — 

The  viij  of  June  1626  Mr.  Roland  vauxe  who  had  bene  pson  of 
inewbigin  fforty  odd  yeares  was  buried  the  day  and  yeare  above 
written. 

John  Morland, 1655. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon,  Sept.  21,  1623,  and  instituted 
on  the  Presentation  of  the  King.  The  baptism  of  a  child 
is  thus  recorded  in  the  Registers  :  — 

1634  Aprill  28  Richard  the  Sonne  of  John  Morland  Rector  of 
Newbegin  was  baptized. 

How  long  before  this  he  had  the  living  does  not  appear; 
but  in  all  probability  he  was  the  immediate  successor  of 


1 1 58  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Roland  Yaux.  His  death  took  place  in  1655,  the  follow- 
ing burial  entry  being  witness  :  — 

1655  May  19  this  day  was  Buried  Mr.  John  [Morland]  clerke  & 
Rector  of  the  Church  of  newbygin. 

In  the  Westmorland  Certificate  he  is  given  as  "  Minister 
of  Newbiggin  a  non  covenantr."  ^  William  Morland  "  of 
Winton  (sometime  rector  of  Graystock)  gave  to  the 
Church  at  Ravenstonedale  £100."  ^  Whether  he  was 
related  to  John  Morland  of  Newbiggin  has  not  been  ascer- 
tained. Foster  gives  quite  a  number  of  Morlands,  natives 
of  these  two  Counties,  who  were  graduates  of  Oxford 
University. 

Christopher  Barrow,  1658. 

The  Commonwealth  Survey  for  1658  states  that  he  was 
here  in  that  year^  ;  and  the  two  following  extracts  from 
the  Registers  contain  his  name :  — 

October  1664 

2d  die  Collected  at  Newbiggin  in  the   Countie  of  Westmland   for 

Henrie  —       of  the  sume  of  one  shilling  tenn  pense  :    Chresto 

Barrowe  Curate  there  Heoirie  Porter  and  John  Barker.  Churchwardens. 
1675-6  Januarie  The   last   daie   of  this  Month   Anne   the  wife   of 

Chrestopher  Barrowe  Rector  of  this  pish  buried. 

Possibly  Christopher  Barrow  fills  up  the  whole  period 
from  Morland  to  Dawson.  There  was  a  Christopher 
Barrow,  son  of  Christopher  Barrow  of  Cartmel,  who 
graduated  B.A.  in  St.  John's  College,  Cambridge,  in  1671.* 
Thomas  Dawson,  1679—1697. 

He  was  instituted  Aug.  23,  1679,  on  the  Presentation  of 
"  Edward  Baynard  Arm."  The  Registers  have  the 
following  entries  :  — 

Anne  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Thomas  Dawson  was  bapt  the  27th  day 
of  June  1663. 

Mr.  Thomas  Dawson,  Rector  of  Newbiggin,  was  buryed  5th  day 
of  March  1697-8. 

A  person  of  this  name  was  at  Temple  Sowerby.  ^ 

1.  Vide  p.  111. 

2.  Nicolfion  and  Bum,  vol.  i,  p.  523. 

3.  Vide  p.  1309. 

4.  Sedbergh  School  Register,  p.  89. 

5.  Vide  p.  1173 


Newbiggin 


1159 


Thomas  Jackson,  B.A.,  1698—1730. 

He  was  licensed  Curate  July  31,  1698,  and  instituted 
Rector,  on  the  death  of  Dawson",  Sept.  26,  1698,  on  a 
Presentation  by  Richard  Crackenthorp,  Esq.  A  very 
unfavourable  character  is  given  to  him  in  Nicolson's 
Diaries,  both  he  and  his  wife  being  compelled  to  do 
penance  for  scandalousness.^  He  died  in  1730  as  the 
following  shows  :  — 


Mr.   Thomas  Jackson  Rector  of  Newbiggin  was  buryed  the 
December  1730.^ 

1.  Trans.  (N.  S.),  vol.  iii,  pp.  54  et  passim. 
2.    Registers. 


of 


VI.     MILBUEN. 

This  is  a  village  a  few  miles  north  of  Kirkby  Thore,  the 
nearest  station  being  Newbiggin.  It  was  formerly  a 
Chapel  of  Ease  for  Kirkby  Thore,  and  is  an  ancient  foun- 
dation. It  is  dedicated  to  St.  Cuthbert,  and  Nicolson  and 
Burn  say  that  in  the  "Sandford  ile,  there  is  a  monument  of 
Anne  wife  of  Hichard  Sandford  of  Howgill-castle  esquire, 
who  had  18  children,  and  died  Jan.  29,  1605."  i  The 
Hectors  of  Kirkby  Thore  had  charge  of  it,  as  they  had  of 
Temple  Sowerby,  though  in  earlier  days  it  would  appear  to 
have  enjoyed  much  greater  importance  than  it  did  later. 
In  1625,  for  example,  it  is  described  as  a  "Rectory"  of  the 
value  of  £9  Is.  5|d.^  Its  Registers  begin  in  1678,  and  the 
following  interesting  note  in  reference  to  them  has  been 
copied  from  a  paper  in  the  possession  of  the  present 
Yicar :  — 

3  Eegisters  anterior  to  1813  belonging  to  the  Chapelry  of  Milbourne. 
1  Register  containing  Marriages  Baptisms  &  Funerals  beginning 
A.D.  1678  &  terminating  A.D.  1719.  Very  imperfect  it  appears  spoiled 
with  radn  water  but  how  or  by  whose  negligence  cannot  now  be 
ascertained.  It  is  said  to  have  been  discovered  in  its  despoiled  state 
by  the  Revd  W.  Ealner  formerly  Curate  of  the  Chapelry  of  Milbourne 
so  early  as  A.D.  1759  it  being  then  in  the  keep  of  a  chapel  Clerk. 
There  is  not  a  page  which  is  not  more  or  less  defaced,  some  entries 
are  legible  some  not,  they  perhaps  need  not  to  be  enumerated,  it  would 
be  infinite  labour  to  do  it. 

1  Register  containing  Marriages  Baptisms  &  Funerals  beginning 
A.D.  1719  &  ending  1812,  the  marriages  ending  Feby  26.  1754.  This 
is  defaced  in  part  in  the  Baptisms  from  1721  to  1726,  but  not  entirely 
illegible,  perhaps  they  may  be  deciphered.  How  this  has  happened 
is  not  known,  perhaps  from  bad  parchment  or  the  ink  or  both. 

1  Register  of  Marriages  beginning  June  11.  1754  &  ending  14th  Nov. 
1812  perfect.  These  are  all  the  Registers  belonging  to  the  Chapel  of 
Milbourne  anterior  to  1813. 

A  copy  of  the  above  annexed  to  a  Schedule  of  the  Registry  of 
Milbourne  for  Marriages,  Baptisms  &  Funerals  was  made  in  April  1831. 

P.  Threlkeld  Senr 
April  23.  1831. 

1.  Nicolson  and  Burn,  vol.  i,  p.  389. 

2.  Institution  Books. 


Milbum  1 1 6 1 

The  following  is  a  list  of  persons  who  have  served  the 

Cure  here :  — 

I 

John  Spedding,  1572. 

This  is  given  on  the  authority  of  Mr.  C.  B.  Robinson 
of  York,  who  in  1879,  compiled  a  list  of  perpetual  Curates 
of  this  place.  No  further  information  about  him  has 
been  obtained. 

EiCHARD  Fleming,  B.C.L.,  1625. 

He  was  instituted,  Feb.  8,  1625,  on  a  Presentation  from 
the  King.  Doubtless  the  person  of  this  name  in  reference 
to  whom  Foster  says  : — "  Subscribed  15  Oct.  1613;  B.C.L. 
from  New  Coll.  9  Nov.  1620,  rector  of  Clifton,  Westmor- 
land, 1625,  and  of  Cliburn,  Westmorland,  1626."  ^  If 
this  is  the  same  in  all  probability  he  held  the  livings  in 
Plurality.  How  far  the  statement  about  Lancelot 
Lowther  of  Kirkby  Thore  having  charge  of  Milbum  is  to 
be  accepted  as  correct  ^  is  not  clear ;  but  it  would  appear 
that  Milbum  went  rather  with  Cliburn  than  with  Kirkby 
Thore.  There  was  a  Richard  Fleming  at  Great  Orton 
about  this  time,^  who  was  probably  the  same  individual. 

Timothy  Tullie,  M.A.,  1639. 

He  was  collated,  June  19,  1639,  by  Bishop  Potter,  suc- 
ceeding Richard  Fleming.  Further  information  respect- 
ing him  will  be  found  in  the  accounts  of  Cliburn  and  the 
Carlisle  Churches.* 

Alexander  Bates,  1646. 

This  is  quite  a  new  name,  the  authority  for  it  being  the 
Westmorland  Certificate  for  1646.^  He  is  there  referred 
to  simply  as  "  minister  of  Milburne,"  and  the  two  sug- 
gested Elders  are  :  — "  Sir  Richard  Sandford  Kt.  and  Mr. 


1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  1165. 

3.  Vide  pp.  229,  1243. 

4.  Vide  pp.  157,  1243. 

5.  Vide  p.  111. 


1 1 62  The   Ejected   of  1662 

Thomas  Harrison."  He  was  here  in  1651,  and  signed 
certain  Articles  against  Sir  Richard  Sandford,  who  is 
.described  as  a  Delinquent :  — 

3    November 

1651.  ARTICLES  exhibited  against  Sr.  RICHARD  SANDFORD 
Knt.  touchinge  his  delinquency  to  ye  Parliament  of  the  Common- 
wealth of  England  by  Alexander  Bates  ministr  of  Milbume. 

That  Sr.  Richard  Sandford  Knight  did  by  [buy]  armes,  vizt  twentie 
musketts  or  thereabouts  which  armes  were  imployed  in  yt  service  agt. 
the  Parliament,  under  tho  command  of  his  sonne  Sr.  Thomas  Sand- 
ford,  who  was  a  coll.  for  the  King  in  the  first  and  second  warre. 

That  at  the  time  the  Parliaments  forces  entered  the  county  of 
Westmerland  the  Castle  of  Howgill  was  Garrisoned  and  not  before, 
the  sd  Sr.  Richard  remaining  within  it  all  the  while  it  was  garrisoned, 
he  maintaining  the  soldiers  and  when  the  Parliament  forces  came, 
went  forth  himselfe  and  commanded  others  to  goe  to  disarme  of  the 
Parliaments  soldiers  that  came  up  towards  the  castle  of  Howgill. 

ALEXANDR  BATES.* 

In  the  days  of  Thomas  Machell,  Rector  of  Kirkby 
Thore,  Milburn  fell  to  much  the  same  position  as  that 
occupied  by  Temple  Sowerby.  The  following  from  the 
Registers  is  evidence  of  the  fact :  — 

1678  These  5  Affidavits  were  delivered  to  me  by  Mr.  Hall  (my 
Reader  att  Milbume)  as  Presented  to  him  wthin  8  Dayes,  after  each 
funerall  &  were  enter'd  in  this  Register  May  the  27th  by  me 

Tho  :   Machell  Rector 
of  Kerkby  thore. 

Registers  begining  March  1678-9 

Mem  here  wantes  the  account  of  all  Christenings  in  the  time  of 
Thomas  Jackson  of  Kerkhouse  while  he  was  Clerke,  They  never  being 
delivered  by  him  to  me  Thom.  Machell. 

Hence 

Thomas  Atkinson  of  Milbume  was  appointed  Clerke  for  Milbume 
Chappel  dureing  my  Pleasure  &  declared  to  be  soe  by  me  Tho  Machell 
Rector. 

1.  Royalist  Composition  Papers,  Ist  Series,  vol.  cxi :  Westmorland 
Note  Book,  vol.  i,  p.   197. 


I 


Milburn  1163 

Aug.  6  1683.     This  Register  subscribed  at  Kirkby  thore  by  us 
Tho  Machell  Rector 
William  Staveley 
John  Bell 
and  John  Bell 
Church  Wardens 
of  Milburne. 
—  Hall,  1678. 

As  stated  above  he  was  Reader  here  in  1678,  but  there 
is  no  further  information  about  him, 

Egbert  Moore,  1704 — 1716. 

Robert  Moore  "de  Ormside"  was  ordained  Deacon,  Sept. 
20,  1668,  and  Priest  Sept.  25,  1670.  The  following  entries 
relating  to  him  appear  in  the  Registers :  — 

1704  Rebecca  the  wife  of  Mr.  Moore  Curate,  buried  Sept.  14. 

1707  Robert  Moor  Curate  &  Jane  Hunter  Marryed  April  20. 

1716  Mr.  Robert  Moore  Curate  Buried  May  2. 

Matthew  Wilkinson,  1719 — 1731. 


VII.     KIRKBY  THORE. 

This  is  a  village  some  five  miles  north  west  of  Appleby. 
The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Michael ;  and  the  Registers 
begin  in  1593.  This  first  volume  is  of  paper,  and  the 
first  page  is  occupied  with  the  Act  relating  to  burial  in 
woollen.  The  Registers  begin  on  page  3,  and  are  prefaced 
thus  :  — 

A  register  of  Christnings,  burialls  and  Weddinges  within  the  parish 
of  Kirby  thure  beginninge  in  the  yeare  of  our  lord  God  1593. 

The  first  page  appears  to  be  a  copy,  but  the  other  would 
seem  to  be  original  entries.     The  writing  is  exceedingly 
good  and  clear  in  the  early  pages,  but  the  edges  are  a 
little  worn.     Later  we  meet  with  the  following:  — 
Here  wants  1609 — 1643  all  which  see  in  the  parchmt  Book. 

Unfortunately  this  book  cannot  be  found.      In  another 
place  :  — 

The  old  Register  Breakes  of  at  June   4th   1643.     This  Supplement 
beginning  1646  :   So  yt  3  years  are  lost. 

Then  follows :  — 

A  redgester  of  Christninges  and  burialls  and  weddinges  within  the 
parish  of  Kerkby  thure  beginninge  in  the  years  of  our  lord  1646. 

The  following  is  the  list  of  Incumbents :  — 

Robert  Warcop,  1568 — 1597. 
He  resigned  in  1597. 

Thomas  Warcop,  M.A.,  1597. 

How  long  he  held  the  living  is  not  certain,  but  that  he 
was  here  in  1622  the  following  shows  :  — 

1622  The  christninge  of  Mary  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Thomas  Warcopp 

pson  of  Kerbithure  the  xxiiij  day  of  October.' 

Foster  has  the  following  respecting  a  person  of  this  name  : 
1.  Newbiggin  Registers. 


Kirkby  Thore  1165 

"  Thomas  Warcopp  of  Westmorland  pleb  :  Queen's  Coll. 
matric.  entry  8  June  1588,  aged  13,  B.A.  21  Feb.  1592-3, 
M.A.  T  July  1596."  ^  This  he  identifies  with  the  Yicar 
of  Wigton  of  that  name,  who  was  instituted  to  the  living 
there  in  1613,  and  whose  tombstone  in  the  Wigton  grave- 
yard states  that  he  died  in  1653. ^  Is  this  person  to  be 
identified  with  Thomas  Warcop  of  Kirkby  Thore? 
Appearances  point  strongly  in  that  direction;  and,  if  so, 
he  must  have  held  the  two  livings  in  Plurality  for  a  time. 

Lancelot  Lowthee,  1629. 

He  was  instituted,  Sept.  25,  1629,  on  a  Presentation  by 
Francis,  Earl  of  Cumberland.  Xicolson  and  Burn  say 
that  he  had  also  the  Chapels  of  Milburn  and  Temple 
Sowerby.  Considerable  difficulty  has  been  experienced  in 
relation  to  Lancelot  Lowther,  partly  because  of  the  system 
of  Pluralism  so  prevalent  in  those  days,  and  partly  because 
there  appear  to  have  been  two  persons  of  this  name  with 
livings  in  the  same  area  at  the  same  time.  Foster 
has  the  following:- — "B.A.  Trinity  Coll.  Dublin;  in- 
corporated 11  Oct.  1624;  M.A.  from  Christ  Church 
20  June  1625  (S.  of  William  of  Ingleton,  Yorks.) ;  rector 
of  Kirkby  Thore,  Westmorland,  1629,  and  of  Workington, 
Cumberland,  1634,  which  he  had  deserted  in  1645,  though 
in  the  following  year  he  was  sequestered  by  the  West- 
minster Assembly  to  the  Vicarage  of  Addingham,  Cum- 
berland ;  brother  of  B,obert  1631,  and  father  of  Christopher 
1646."  3  Also  :  "  Lowther  Lancelot  '  eq.  Aur.  fil ' :  B.A. 
from  Oriel  Coll.  14  May,  1614,  M.A.  21  Jan.,  1616-T  (3  s. 
Sir  Christopher),  rector  of  Long  Marton,  Westmorland, 
and  died  in  1661."  *  It  is  quite  certain  that  Foster  has 
somewhat  confused  matters  here,  though  in  so  doing  he 
has  followed  ^icolson  and  Burn.  Their  statement  under 
Long  Marton  is  as  follows :  — "  The  next  incumbent 
[following  Henry  Hutton]  seems  to  have  been  Lancelot 
Lowther,    son    of    Sir    Christopher   Lowther   of    Lowther, 

1.  Al.  Ox. 

2.  Vide  p.  522. 

3.  Al.  Ox. 

4.  Ihid. 


II 66  The   Ejected   of   1662 

which  Lancelot  died  in  1661,  being  very  old;  it  being  then 
54  years  after  the  death  of  his  father,  who  died  at  the 
age  of  77."  ^  It  is  at  once  frankly  admitted  that  a  solu- 
tion to  the  whole  problem  has  not  yet  been  found  but  the 
following  things  seem  to  be  clear :  — Lancelot  Lowther, 
son  of  William  of  Ingleton,  who  was  the  eighth  son  of 
Sir  Richard  Lowther,  had  Kirkby  Thore  and  Workington 
in  Plurality  for  some  time.  In  the  Westmorland  Certifi- 
cate for  1646  he  is  described  as  "parson  of  Kirkbytheuer, 
a  Malignant  &  pluralist  lately  come  from  ye  Kings 
Quarters."  Hugh  Atkinson  of  Appleby  states  at  Kendal 
on  Oct.  18,  1648,  "that  he  did  see  Mr.  Henry  Button 
Gierke,  and  Mr.  Lancelott  Lowther  amongst  the  Kings 
fforces  in  Carlisle  when  that  Carlisle  was  a  Garrison  agt. 
ye  Parliament."^  Walker  gives  him  a  place  among  his 
Sequestered  Clergy.^  His  so  called  Sequestration  by  the 
"  E/Oundheads  "  in  1645,  however,  appears  to  have  merely 
meant  that  he  had  to  surrender  one  of  his  two  livings,  the 
policy  of  the  new  regime  being  to  put  an  end  to  Pluralism 
which  was  a  crying  evil.  The  living  which  he  sur- 
rendered was  Workington.  Contrary  to  the  statement  in 
the  Petition,  which  says  that  he  was  sequestered  from  both 
his  livings,  he  continued  to  hold  Kirkby  Thore,  and  was 
here  as  late  as  1654.  In  proof  of  this  is  the  following 
from  the  Registers  :  — 

1652  Jarret  ye  sonne  of  Mr.  Lanslot  Lowder  baptized  October  ye 
27th. 

1653  Margrat  the  daughter  of  Mr.   Lanslot  Lowder  died  and  was 
buried  Aprill  the  16th. 

1654  John  the  Son  of  Mr.  Lanslot  Lowder  baptized  May  ye  xxvi. 

Moreover,  we  know  that  William  Walker  succeeded 
Lancelot  Lowther  in  1654,  the  year  of  his  appointment 
to  Long  Marton.  Why  did  he  leave  Kirkby  Thore? 
Thomas  Machel  is  quite  positive,  and  so  are  Xicolson  and 
Burn,  that  he  was  "  ejected  from  Kirkby  Thore,"  and  the 
latter  add  that  he  "  seems  to  have  had  interest  to  keep 

1.  Nicolaon  and  Bum,  vol  i,  p.  361. 

2.  Westmorland  Note  Book,  vol.  i,  p.  200. 

3.  Walker,  Pt.  ii,  p.  299. 


Kirkby  Thore        '  1167 

Harton  of  which  place  he  died  rector  in  1661."  ^  This 
sentence  illustrates  the  way  in  which  these  Historians 
generally  viewed  these  matters.  It  was  not  a  question  of 
"  interest "  at  all;  and  if  it  was  a  case  of  Sequestration  he 
was  not  long  out  of  a  living,  because  his  appointment  to 
Long  Marton  synchronizes  with  the  baptism  of  his  child 
at  Kirkby  Thore.  The  whole  story  indeed  of  Lancelot 
Lowther  shows  how  greatly  this  matter  of  Sequestration 
by  the  "  E-oundheads  "  has  been  overdone.  That  it  was 
tlie  Kirkby  Thore  E-ector  who  was  at  Long  Marton  seems 
certain,  and  it  is  not  less  certain  that  he  died  here  in  1661 
in  possession  of  the  living;  but  the  matter  is  very  greatly 
complicated  by  the  following  Petition  from  his  widow. 
It  is  curious  that  though  the  date  of  this  Petition  is  given 
as  1661,  it  appears  in  the  Calendar  of  State  Papers  for 
1665-6  against  "  1665  ( ?)  "  :  — 
To  ye  King's  most  Excellt  Matie 

The  humble  Peticon  of  Sarah  widow  of 
Lancelot  Lowther  Batchellor  in  Divinity  and 
late  Chaplaine  to  ye  Rt.  hoble  ye 
Earle  of  Cumberland  Deed. 
Sheweth 

That  yor  Petrs  said  Husband  being  by  ye  said  Earle  prsented  to 
ye  Parsoinage  of  Kirby  Thure  in  ye  County  of  Westmoreland  and 
after  that  to  ye  parsonage  of  Workinton  in  ye  County  of  Cumberland 
by  Sr  Patricius  Curwen  Knt  was  (in  ye  yeare  1646)  Sequestred  from 
both  ye  said  Benefices  meerely  for  his  Loyalty  to  yr  Mats  Royall 
Father  (of  blessed  memory)  and  Soe  Continued  till  his  Death  being 
upon  ye  7th  of  Aprill  1661  at  wch  time  haveing  waited  Long  in  hopes 
of  being  restored  to  the  said  Benefices  and  for  other  preferments  in 
Recompence  of  his  said  great  Sufferings,  he  left  yor  Petr  who  had 
brought  a  considerable  Fortune  to  him,  wth  a  Charge  of  Seven 
Children  in  a  deplorable  Condicon  for  want  of  maintenance  and 
haveing  (to  add  Gall  to  Bittemesse)  made  foure  Severall  Journeys 
hither  of  two  hundred  Miles  an  end  (at  great  Expence  and  to  her 
further  Impoverishment)  in  Expectacon  of  relief e  wthout  any  effect. 

Most  humbly  prayes  That  yor  Matie  (in  consideracon  of  ye 
premisses)  will  be  Gratiously  pleased  to  conferr  a  SchoUars  Place  in 
Sutton  Hospital  upon  yor  Petrs  Son  Gerrard  Lowther  2  ye  first  that 
shall  happen  to  be  voyd  and  in  yor  Maties  Proper  Guift,  and  that  he 

1.  Nicolson  and  Bum,  vol.  i,  p.  374. 

2.  Baptized  in  1652,  vide  p.   1166,  where  he  appears  as  Jarret. 


ii68 


The   Ejected   of  1662 


may  have  yor  Maties  Warrant  in  usuall  forme  Containing  a  grant 
thereof  directed  to  ye  Governrs  of  ye  said  Hospital!  to  ye  end  that  he 
may  be  presented,  elected  and  registered  at  thier  next  Eleccon  of 
Schollars  accordingly,  or  if  that  cannot  be  obtained  That  yor  Matie 
will  vouchsafe  her  Some  other  releife  tovsrards  ye  Maintenance  of  her 
selfe  &  seven  fatherlesse  Children 

And  yor  Petr  (as  in  duty  bound)  shall 
Ever  pray  &c. 
The  Peticon  of  Sarah  Lowther  Widow. 
These  are  to  Certifie  all  to  whom  these  prsents  shall  come. 

That  Mr.  Lancelot  -  Lowther  Batchellr  in  Divinity  was  Chaplain  to 
ye  Rt.  hoble  ye  Earle  of  Cumberland  who  presented  him  to  the 
Parsonage  of  Kirkby  Thure  in  ye  County  of  Westmoreland  &  also  was 
prsented  to  ye  Parsonage  of  Workinton  in  ye  County  of  Ciunberland 
By  Sr.  Partricius  Curwen  from  both  wch  Benefices  he  was  Sequestred 
in  ye  Yeare  1646  meerely  for  his  Loyalty  to  his  late  Matie  of  ever 
blessed  memory  &  remained  so  Sequestred  and  Ejected  till  his  Death 
wch  was  in  ye  7  of  Aprill  last  at  Westmr.  whither  he  came  about 
Eight  Months  before  waiting  to  be  restored  to  his  Liveings  &  for  other 
prferment  and  that  he  hath  left  a  widow  who  brought  a  Considerable 
Porcon  to  him  in  a  Sad  and  deplorable  Condition  &  7  young  Children 
all  unprovided  for.     Dated  ye 

Twenty  day  of  May  1661. 

I  am  able  to  Certifie  ye  Truth  of  this  Certificate  and  to  add  more 
of  the  Loyalty  and  Worth  of  the  Deceased   Mr.    Lowther   &  of  the 
Deplorable  Condicon  of  the  Religious  Widow 
I.  Philip  Musgrave. 

I  knew  Mr.  Lancelot  Lowther  to  be  a  very  honest  and  a  very  well 
affected  person  both  to  the  King  &  to  ye  Church  as  appeares  by  his 
long  and  Constant  Suffering  for  them  both  I  know  himselfe  that  he 
was  a  Gent  of  a  very  good  ffamily  and  one  that  lived  formerly  in  a 
very  good  Condition  but  was  by  ye  Callamity  of  these  times  reduced 
to  very  great  want  which  is  all  he  hath  left  to  his  wife  who  as  I  am 
Credibly  informed  brought  him  150011  Portion  besides  ye  Charity  of 
good  Christians  to  Support  herselfe  &  7  Children. 

George  Worster 
Jo.   Earles  Dean  of   Westmr.* 
Gilbert  London 
June  18.  1661 
Vera  Copia. 

How  is  this  Petition  to  be  reconciled  with  the  position 
here  assumed?  It  cannot  be;  and  after  an  examination 
of  several  such  I  have  come  to  the  conclusion,  not  that 


1.  S.  P.  Dom.,  Car.  ii,  vol.  142,  No.  151  (Record  Office). 


I 


Kirkby  Thore  1 1 69 

they  were  fictitious,  but  that  they  were  toned,  coloured  and 
shaped  for  the  occasion.  The  impression  intended  to  be 
produced  is  that  Lancelot  Lowther  had  been  without  bene- 
fice of  any  kind  from  the  time  of  his  Sequestration  in  1645. 
Such,  however,  we  have  seen  was  not  the  case.  Of  course 
it  would  be  considered  a  hardship  to  be  compelled  to 
relinquish  any  living,  no  matter  how  many  the  holder  had. 
Over  and  over  again  we  meet  with  this  sort  of  thing,  and 
the  men  so  deprived  claimed  to  be  the  greatest  sufferers; 
but  that  is  not  quite  the  idea  which  the  expression  "Suffer- 
ings of  the  Clergy"  suggests  unto  us.  Lancelot  Lowther 
petitioned  for  a  vacant  Prebendship,  in  June  1660,  but 
without  success;  and  his  burial  entry,  dated  April  16,^ 
1661,  appears  in  the  Long  Marton  Registers.  Can  it 
be  that  he  had  somewhat  adjusted  himself  to  the  new 
conditions,  and  that  this  was  remembered  against  him 
at  the  Restoration?  Unless  there  was  something  of  this 
kind  it  is  difficult  to  account  for  the  non  success  of  his 
Petitions,  and  especially  to  understand  why  he  was  not 
reinstated  to  one  or  both  of  his  old  livings.  At  any  rate 
the  suppression  of  the  information  about  the  Long  Marton 
living  in  his  widow's  Petition  is  highly  singular.  His 
brother  was  Robert  Lowther,  B.C.L.,  of  Jesus  College, 
Oxford,  and  Rector  of  Bewcastle  in  1663.  ^  For  the  other 
Lancelot  Lowther,  son  of  Sir  Christopher,  the  reader  is 
referred  to  Addingham.^ 

William  Walker,  M.A.,  1654^1677. 

Nicolson  and  Burn  say  that  a  third  Warcop  of  the 
,  name  of  Thomas  had  the  living  after  the  Ejection  of 
[Lancelot  Lowther,  and  died  during  the  usurpation.  They 
[give  as  successor  to  Thomas  Warcop,  William  Walker. 
This  is  clearly  a  mistake,  and  this  third  Thomas  Warcop 
is  a  fiction.  According  to  the  Registers  Lancelot  Lowther 
would  seem  to  have  been  here  in  May  1654,  and  Willi&m 
Walker  was  in  possession  of  the  living -shortly  after.     The 

1.  The  date  given  in  the  Petition  is  April  7th. 

2.  Vide  p.  293. 

3.  Vide  p.  351. 


1 1 70  The    Ejected   of  1662 

Machell  MSS.  are  the  authority  for  Nicolson  and  Bum's 
statement;  but,  though  it  is  perfectly  plain,  they  have 
evidently  misunderstood  the  passage.     It  is  as  follows:  — 

Kirkby  Thore. 

Thomas  Machell  is  the  present  Incumbent  being  a  second  brother 
of  this  ancient  family  of  the  Machells  of  Crakanthorpe.  Other 
Incumbents  since  the  restoration  of  King  Charles  the  second  there 
have  not  been  any  but  William  Walker  Mr  of  Arts  of  Christ's  CoUedge 
in  Cambridge  &  sometime  Schoolmaster  of  Gigleswick  in  Yorkshire ;  a 
man  skilled  in  physick  &  well  deserving  in  other  respects  if  he  had 
not  been  imposed  on  this  parish  by  an  high  hand  in  Oliver's  time 
instead  of  Mr.  Lancelot  Lowther  (an  eminent  preacher)  who  'was 
turned  out  of  place  in  those  most  dismall  &  rebellious  times  for  his 
Great  Loyalty  to  King  Charles  the  first  &  his  fidelity  to  the  Church 
of  England,  aaad  though  it  be  beyond  the  due  limits  of  this  Enquiry 
to  add  any  more  yet  having  a  Catalogue  of  Severall  other  Rectors  by 
me  I  shall  not  scruple  to  make  mention  of  them  :  being  generally 
persons  of  good  note  &  quality  for  before  Mr  Lowther  was  one  Thomas 
Warcop  Mr.  of  Arts  a  younger  brother  of  an  ancient  family  in  this 
County  of  Westmland  tho  now  in  decay,  the  chiefe  of  which  is 
Thomas   Warcop  of   Colby  gentleman  Alderman  of  Appleby.* 

The  MSS.  say  that  Thomas  Warcop  was  before  Lancelot 
Lowther,  and  this  we  know  to  have  been  the  case.  They 
further  make  it  clear  that  William  Walker  was  the  imme- 
diate successor  of  Lancelot  Lowther.  The  Episcopal 
Register  has  the  following  respecting  Walker :  — 

1665  ( ?)  William  Walker,  M.A.,  of  Kirkby  Thore  admissus  fuit  in 
Capellan.  nostriun  Domesticu. 

The  following  are  the  Walker  entries  in  the  Kirkby  Thore 
Registers.  They  all  appear  together,  under  the  year  1672, 
and  were  probably  entered  by  William  Walker  himself. 
They  do  not  in  every  particular  agree  with  the  entries 
elsewhere. 

Ellen  the  Daughter  of  William  Walker  Rector  of  Kirkby  Thore 
borne  the  nineteenth  of  March  1654. 

Ann   the    daughter    ot    Mr.    William    Walker    was    borne   the    17tb 
of,  March  1656. 

Dorothy  ye  daughter  of  W.  Walker  Rector  ibid  the  eighth  Day  of 
August  1658. 

Henry  ye  sone  of  W.  Walker  Rector  ibid  borne  the  6th  of  September 
1659. 

1.  Machell  MSS.,  vol.  i,  p.  530. 


I 


Kirkby  Thore  1 1 7 1 

Henry  the  sone  ibid  buried  the  eleventh  of  Februrary  1659. 

Elizabeth  the  daughter  ibid  Borne  the  last  of  December  1660 

Gulielmus  filius  Guliel.   Walker  natus  4  die  Augusti  1663. 

Bridget  the  daughter  ibid  borne  ye  20th  of  October  1666  obijt  An 
1667. 

Obijt    Uxor    Charissima  sumo    gradu    delectissima  vigessimo    nono 
Januarij  An.  Dom.  1669,  Alice  Walker 

Henory    the   son    of    Mr.    Wilyam    Walker    died    &    was   buried 
Jenneware  17.    1659. 

Elizabeth  Daugh  of  Mr.  William  Walker  Bap.  Jan  24    1660. 

Bridget  the  daughr  of  William  Walker  died  April  8.  1668. 
Mrs   Alice   Walker  the   wife   of  Mr.    William   Walker   Rector  [by   a 
later  hand]  died  &  was  Buried  Jan.   30.   1668 

His  own  burial  entry  is  as  follows  :  — 

Mr.  WiUiam  Walker  died  &  was  bur.  May.  26.  1677. 

It  will  be  noted  that  William  Walker  connects  the 
Commonwealth  with  the  Restoration,  retaining  his  living 
amidst  all  the  changes  of  the  time.  He  must  have 
adjusted  himself  to  the  new  conditions.  He  had  the 
Uldale  living  in  Plurality  with  Kirkby  Thore. ^ 

Thomas  Machell,  M.A.,  1677 — 1698. 

He  was  instituted  Aug.  14,  1677,  on  the  Presentation  of 
"  John  Lupton,  Ar."  and  inducted  Aug.  15.  Foster  says 
that  he  was  the  son  of  Lancelot  of  Crackenthorpe,  West- 
morland, gent. ;  educated  at  Queen's  College,  Oxford, 
matriculating  there  Feb.  5,  1663-4,  at  the  age  of  16  years; 
graduated  B.A.  in  1668;  became  Fellow  and  M.A.  March 
11,  1671-2;  the  "antiquary"  F.R.S.;  Rector  of  Kirkby 
Thore  in  1677 ;  and  Minister  of  Temple  Sowerby  besides 
being  Chaplain  in  ordinary  to  Charles  II.  in  1679.^  He 
was  a  diligent  gleaner  in  fields  of  local  lore,  and  his  MSS., 
some  six  large  volumes  in  the  Dean  and  Chapter  Library, 
Carlisle,  a  miscellaneous' but  most  useful  collection,  are  a 
monument  of  patient  industry.  The  Registers  bear  the 
imprint  of  his  interesting  personality  in  the  shape  of 
numerous  notes  and  comments.     He  died  in  1699. 

1.  Vide  p.  555. 

2.  Al.  Ox 


1 172 


The   Ejected    of   1662 


Edmund  Wickins,  M.A.,  1699—1722. 

He  was  of  St.  Jolin's  College,  Cambridge,  where  lie 
graduated  B.A.  in  1680  and  M.A.  in  1683;  was  instituted 
April  10,  1699,  on  the  Presentation  of  the  Earl  of  Thanet ; 
and  inducted  five  days  afterwards.  He  died  in  1722,  the 
following  being  his  burial  entry :  — 

Mr.  Edward  Wickins,  Rector  of  Kirkby  there  was  buried  on  the 
North  Side  of  the  Altar  in  the  Chancel  of  the  Church  of  Kirkby  thore 
in  Woollen  only  on  friday  July  27.  1722. 


YIII.     TEMPLE  SOWEEBY. 

Temple  Sowerby  is  a  considerable  village  a  couple  of 
miles  west  of  Kirkby  Thore.  The  earliest  Registers  begin 
in  1662.  They  are  a  thin  paper  volume  in  good  condi- 
tion, and  the  writing  is  easily  deciphered.  Temple 
Sowerby  served  as  a  Chapel  of  Ease  to  Kirkby  Thore,  the 
Rector  of  that  place  appointing  as  his  substitute  a  person, 
whom  he  called  "  Curate,"  "  Reader "  or  "  Chaplain." 
The  Church  is  dedicated  to  St.  James.  It  has  already 
been  stated  that  during  the  Incumbency  of  Lancelot 
Lowther  at  Kirkby  Thore  he  had  charge  of  Temple 
Sowerby;  but  the  name  of  no  Curate  of  that  period  has 
been  preserved.  From  Thomas  Machell's  day,  however, 
it  is  otherwise ;  the  Registers  provide  us  with  the  names 
of  men  who  served  in  one  capacity  or  the  other  well  into 
the  next  Century  :  — 

Robert  Brockell,  1668. 

He  is  given  as  "de  Temple  Sowerby,"  when  he  was 
ordained  Deacon,  Sept.  20,  1668. 

Thomas  Dawson,  1669. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  Register  Book  is  the  following : 
per  Thomam  Dawson,  Lectorem  p'psertem  0 — 2 — 0,   1669. 

He  was  ordained  Deacon,  Sept.  25,  1670.     Other  entries 
respecting  him  in  the  Registers  are  the  following :  — 

Thomas  ftawcett  of  Temple  Sowerby  hath  Temi  Shillings  of  the 
Church  Stock  which  Thomas  Dawson  Minister  of  Temple  Sowerby  had 
Richard  Stable  beinge  Churchwarden  in  the  Yeare  of  our  Lord  God 
1677. 

Mr.  Thomas  Dawson  Curat  of  Temple  Sowerby  And  Mary  West- 
garth  of  Melmerby  was  married  ye  7th  day  of  June  1674. 

Deborah  daughter  of  Mr.  Thomas  Dawson  Curate  was  baptized  ye 
18th  day  of  April  1675  (and  she  was  borne  ye  10th  day  of  Aprill). 

Another  daughter,  Catherine,  was  baptized  May  15,  1676; 


1 1 74  The    Ejected   of  1662 

and  Deborah  was  buried,  June  2,  1678.     The  following 
also  is  from  the  Registers  :  — 
Aug.  16 
1679. 

Mem.  That  I  doe  hereby  appoint  Mr.  Thomas  Dawson  Chaplain  of 
Sowerby  and  the  succeeding  Chaplaines  my  Substitutes  for  the 
Registry. 

Tho.  Machell 
Rector. 

A  person  of  the  name  of  Thos.  Dawson  was  at  Newbig- 
gin  in  1679.^ 

The  following  entries  doubtless  refer  to  the  Parish 
Clerk:  — 

Mem.  Here  want  the  account  of  Marriages  (if  there  were  any)  in 
the  time  of  George  Atkinson,  Gierke  1679  from  the  18th  of  November 
1678  till  August  1682  Being  never  brought  in  by  him  to  me.     T.  M. 

1682.  William  Caile  made  Gierke  of  Sowerby  by  Mr  Machell  at 
Martinmas  1683. 

Thomas  Gash,  1695. 

His  name  as  "  Reader  "  appears  in  the  following  :  — 

May  1.  1695.  I  doe  hereby  appointe  Mr.  Thomas  Gash  Reader  of 
Sowerby  &  Robert  Speight  the  Gierke  &  their  Successors  in  the  said 
Offices  for  the  time  being  to  Bee  my  Substitutes  for  Takeing  a  True 
and  Exact  account  &  entering  the  same  in  the  Register  Booke  of  all 
Xtnings  Marriages  and  Burials  in  the  Chapel  of  Sowerby  for  the  time 
to  come. 

Tho.  Machell 
Rector  of  K.» 

William  Bueton,  1699. 

The  Registers  refer  to  him  as  Curate  here,  in  a  note  of 
a  collection,  for  the  "  poor  distressed  Protestant  Yaudois 
banished  out  of  their  Country  for  t